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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. X. Mo. / 



Los Jlngeles, California, December 31, 19 IO 



> CenK-tSjty 



~ 

OT a Year 



&i 



LAST CALL FOR DINNER 



American people are ab ml 

ratic party one more try-out, 
the last chance, if it results in fail- 
ure, that will ever be afforded that organiza- 
i itself. 
vil war. political conditions 
were graphically described by the orator 
said that "the Democratii owned 

luntry, and the Whigs merely had a 
repairs." In the 60 
the inauguration of Jefferson 
and that of Lincoln, the Whigs had only one 
full term of the presidency — that of J. Q. 
Adams — and two small fragments of terms 
— Harrison's and Taylor's — when, by a 
grim twist of fate, both vice-presidents de- 
serted and went over to the Democrats. In 
the 50 years since the war, these conditions 
have been almosl exactly reversed; the 
Democrats have had only two presidential 
terms and only two years of complete pos- 
m of the government. Thus, the party 
has no administrative record to which it can 
"point with pride." Its leaders are largely 
with. nit constructive experience, and even 
the fundamental policies of the organization 
lost the virile force that comes with 
action, and have disintegrated into vague- 
and theory bj the long habit of oppo- 
sition. 

All these disabilities showed very plainly 
when Grover Cleveland, an administrator of 
exceptional faculties and a far-sighted part}' 
leader, struggled for eight years with the 
problems of government and of party re- 
organization. For his best help he went 
back to ante-'bellum days, for men like Ba- 
yard, Garland and Lamar. And in the end 
the party went to pieces under his feet, and 
left him stranded and marooned, all because 
there was necessity for action on the tariff 
and on silver coinage, issues which the De- 
mocracy had up to that time handled with 
great success — in debate. 

The situation today is more difficult even 
than it was in the time of Cleveland. In the 
first place there is no one, Kg, acknowl- 
edged leader, such as Cleveland was, al- 
though there may be any number of them 
in embryo. The demoralization of inaction 
has continued fourteen years longer, and 
the party has been banged about between 
Bryan in the West and Parker in the East, 
until it no longer knows wdiere it stands on 
any of the big issues. It is not the only 
party in that fix, however. 

Now comes its great chance and every 
patriotic citizen, without regard to party, 
will hope it may rise to the opportunity. 
We are not particularly interested in any 
party as such. A party is a means to an 
end. The end is honest and efficient gov- 
ernment, and it makes very little difference 
wdiere it comes from — if it comes. 

The process of rising to the opportunity 
consists in doing whatever is best for the 
country. That seems perfectly simple, and 
yet in the minds of most party men it gets 
a curious twist, and becomes an effort to do 
what is best for the party. It will not do. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies S cents at all news stands. 



A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 



Entered as second-class matter April 5, 1907, at 
the postoffice at Los Angeles, California, under the 
act of Congress of March 3, 1S79. 



so they think, to follow a course of admitted 
advantage to the country if it "plays into 
the hands of the other fellow." 

There is no evidence yet that any of the 
Democratic chiefs, with the possible excep- 
tion of Wilson, have really sensed the situa- 
tion. By their utterances they all seem to 
regard the recent victory as Democratic in 
the old partisan sense. They think that the 
voter has at last returned to his ancient 
love, and that the government is to be turn- 
ed over to them to play with as they see fit. 
And they are tickled to death to find them- 
selves at last in favor with Wall street and 
the "conservative elements" and the big 
ones with money. This is all very delight- 
ful, but . 

The next thing will be the great voice of 
the American people shouting to them : 
"Wake up ! This is your station. Get oft* 
here." 

BREAKING THE FENCE 



The decision of the State Railway Com- 
mission on the San Joaquin Valley freight 
rates does not actually fix a schedule but 
indicates the lines within which a tariff 
must be framed. The terms used, however, 
are in the highest degree favorable to Los 
Angeles, and if a tariff can be made in ac- 
cordance, it will be satisfactory to our ship- 
pers and will constitute a victory in the 
long fight. 

This is an ancient cause of war between 
our people and the Southern Pacific road, a 
campaign in which there have been many 
battles and not a few victories prior to this 
one. When the Southern Pacific road came 
through from the north in IS". Los An- 
geles had considerable wholesale business 
transacted by wagon route with Arizona, 
Nevada, Utah, Southern California, and the 
San Joaquin valley. Naturally the railroad 
could put the teams out of business when 
it entered their territory, and it became, 
therefore, entirely optional with the S. P. 



whether or not our pebrUc^wfifid be allow- 
ed to ship into the San Joac]TTw+r-_J£a* 
rea on, either because they wished to en- 
courage the growth of this community , or 
because they were unwilling to give San 
Francisco too much power, they made the 
rates for our people to have a fighting 
chance in the valley, and as much trad, de 
veloped as could be expected with a city no 
larger than Los Angeles was in the 80"s and 
early '90's — the time of which we write. 

In 1895 the people of San Francisco de- 
cided to strike a few blows for commercial 
freedom, and part of their programme, the 
chief feature of which was a clipper line 
around the Horn, was 'the building of a 
railway down into the San Joaquin. Sev- 
eral million dollars were subscribed in San 
Francisco, and plenty of additional funds 
were forthcoming from some unknown 
source, and the road started and worked 
south at a rapid rate. As it overtook vari- 
ous towns in its progress, it put into effect 
a tariff less than that of the Southern Pa- 
cific. By the time it got to Bakersfield, 
San Francisco had secured, through this 
lowering of rates, a decided advantage all 
along the line over Los Angeles. An at- 
tempt was made to equalize on the north- 
bound tariff by some cutting, but it did nut 
go beyond Bakersfield, and even there the 
northern city was given some advantage 
over us. 

In the succeeding five years, frequent de- 
mands were made by the Los Angeles mer- 
chants for a readjustment that would "break 
the fence," but without result. At last, in 
1900, the Jobbers' Association was formed 
for the purpose of extending this city's corn-- 
mercial territory. Five men constituted its 
executive committee and did nearly all the 
work, and, their names should have a place 
of honor in the city's history. They were 
M. H. Newmark, who was and still is presi- 
dent of the association, L. C. Scheller. J. O. 
Koepffi, C. C. Reynolds and F. W. Braun. 
They received legal guiding and advice from 
H. W. O'Melveny, Esq. These gentlemen 
made many trips to San Francisco and car- 
ried on a great deal of lively negotiation 
with the Southern Pacific authorities, begin- 
ning with Mr. Stubbs. who repeatedly de- 
clared that the north-bound tariff was newer 
to be reduced one cent, and ending with Mr. 
Hayes, who was president of the road just 
long enough for the "main guv.-" to find out 
that he was a pestiferous reformer. 

Curious things happened. A new tariff 
giving Los Angeles about one-third of what 
we were asking was put into circulation and 
ruled for one day. and then was w! 
away. Changes were promised 1>\ Mr. 
Hayes and contemptuously turned down by 
Mr. Stubbs. with the declaration tha 
president had no power to make f 
rates. Then there were m\ 
tiations carried on by a special r< 
five of the freight department, v 
representative was afterwar 
by his principals becausi 
much in the compromise. \t last, aft< 
years of rebuffs and trickery, the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Los Angeles got sore and angry and ugly, 
and the Southern Pacific began to think it 
had better give in. The result was a com- 
promise which gave us Bakersfield and the 
lower end of the valley, and made the cen- 
tral part fighting ground. It was about 
three-fourths of all we had asked. 

Again in 1907 the fight was renewed and 
the road seemed to yield gracefully, tor 
without much negotiation it granted a new 
tariff which closed up half the remaining 
gap between justice and the existing rate. 
This was accepted as well enough for the 
time being; but, strange to say, the new 
tariff, like that of 1900, ,-emained in force 
only one day, and then was whisked away 
on the "demand" of the San Francisco peo- 
ple. 

In 1908 the Jdbbers organized a traffic 
bureau with F. F. Gregson in charge, and 
suit was brought before the State Railway 
Commission, a body which had been gal- 
vanized into something like real existence 
by the rising tide of progressive public sen- 
timent. 

Mr. Gregson and the attorneys, Kuster 
and Loeb, put uip a clever fight against the 
great array of legal and traffic talent drawn 
up on the other side, which included not 
only the two roads, Southern Pacific and 
Santa Fe, but the big commercial interests 
of San Francisco as well. If the decision is 
all that it seems to be, it will give the Los 
Angeles merchant an even break with his 
northern rival in proportion to distance — 
and that is all that we have ever asked — 
justice and nothing more. 

What child's play this has all been, and 
what a commentary on railway methods in 
California ! Speaking without animus and 
merel}' i'n the light of actual history, we may 
say this was a regular old-fashioned South- 
ern Pacific kind of a performance. The 
Santa Fe was in the scrape, too, but only 
in the capacity of second fiddle, as the rate 
was originally made by the other road, and 
the latter with its vastly shorter mileage 
from Los Angeles to the valley was in a 
position to control the situation. The des- 
perate effort of the Santa Fe people to 
make us believe that they wished Los An- 
geles to have fair treatment and at the 
same time to save their face with the San 
Francisco crowd was another interesting 
phase of the game of railnading — as it is 
played in these days. In fact, both the roads 
were pretty well satisfied to have the issue 
go up to the Railway Commission, their at- 
titude toward Los Angeles being very like 
that of the maiden in the Limerick: 
"You can kiss me, of course, 
But you'll have to use force, 
And God 'knows you are stronger than I am." 
The whole business, after one dug into it, 
turned out to be little more than a series 
of unholy bluffs, and the biggest bluff of 
the lot was the proposition that local traffic 
should be made to >pay the expenses of op- 
eration over local grades. This wild-eyed 
theory, cooked up and applied for our spec- 
ial benefit in this one case, was calculated to 
bring a wink to the eye of the most hard- 
ened pirate in the business. Think of it! 
A railroad runs from A to Z through the 
26 towns of the alphabet. Between P and 
O there is a tremendous mountain pass. So 
the rate from P to must be something 
gigantic to pay for all the fuel burned, ex- 
tra men and engines needed and interest on 
cost of construction. Hear the railway men 
all over the country saying, "Wha-a-t !" 
This was the chef d' oeuvre of the Stubbs 
administration in California. 



BREAK UP THE NESTS 



The advent of a new hand at the helm of 
police affairs will be hailed with satisfaction 
by citizens generally. The present adminis- 
tration has up to date been handicapped by 
two successive mistakes in this position. The 
first appointee, Dishman, had had no practi- 
cal experience in police work and his politi- 
cal and newspaper affiliations had been 
dubious, but in a spirit of fairness he was 
given a trial, largely on the strength of 
promises and an agreeable personality. His 
doubtful connections proved too strong, and 
much against their wills the Mayor and 
Commission were forced to make a change. 
The Times says the removal was made for 
political reasons, and affects to believe that 
if he had remained in the position of chief 
the season of crime through which we are 
passing would not have taken place — which 
is amusing in view of Mr. Dishman's utter 
lack of experience and his extraordinary 
choice of companionship in the police busi- 
ness. By the way, what has become of all 
those libel suits and suits for reinstatement 
that Captain Broadhead (who was the rook 
en which Dishman got broken) was going 
to bring against the Police Commission and 
others? 

The next chief >was not connected with the 
Parker machine but was an at>le railway 
man, endowed with everybody's good wishes 
but with no experience in police affairs. He 
had nearly a year of trial, but it was evi- 
dent that he did not and never would un- 
derstand the ga»me. We say that without 
charging against him or his administration 
any of the crimes that have terrified our 
people by their frequency and violence. Mr. 
Galloway is entitled to sympathy for hav- 
ing gotten into the wrong place. He is en- 
titled to respect as a man and a good citi- 
zen, even though he failed to make a record 
as chief. 

The Commission has now done the wisest 
thing possible, by advancing one of the cap- 
tains to the head of the department. Un- 
der the charter it is impossible to get an ex- 
pert from another city, and the pay is not 
large enough to prove attractive if such a 
move could be attempted. New charter 
amendments will correct that, if the}' are 
adopted, and if the place should again be- 
come vacant, it will be possible to fill it un- 
der -more favorable terms. 

There is sortie connection between condi- 
tions in the police department and the num- 
ber of misdemeanors and small crimes that 
are committed, but practically no connec- 
tion whatever with the -large crimes of vio- 
lence. The popular theory which is always 
ardently supported by the press that is 
against the administration is that profes- 
sional criminals learn of the weakness of a 
chief and flock thither in consequence. It 
sounds plausible; but it merely serves to 
demonstrate that while we do not know 
much about police matters in our own town, 
we know nothing at all with respect to oth- 
er places. There is scarcely a city in the 
United States where there are not two or 
three newspapers fighting the chief of po- 
lice and -demanding his retirement for in- 
competency. At such times it is always 
customary to allege that an unusual amount 
of crime exists, attracted to the city by the 
chief's lack of reputation as a thief-catcher. 
It is true that slackness and good nature on 
the part of the police toward the tramps is 
likely to increase the number of these un- 
bidden guests, and "where incompetency 
takes that form it may prove somewhat 



dangerous. As a rule, however, the inex- 
perienced chief shows it in his failure to get 
the respect and support of his men, and in 
his failure to handle the detail work' of the 
office. 

In the last few years there has been a big 
increase in the number and seriousness oi 
crimes of violence, and the outlook for the 
future is none too favorable. Robbery, 
murder and certain lines of burglary — those 
where the line of stuff stolen can be readily 
sold— are not only more frequent but pun- 
ishment is less often inflicted because the 
criminals are so rarely caught. The amount 
of street robbery that goes on in most of 
the big cities is most appalling. To put on 
patrolmen enough to protect every pedes- 
trian would require several to the block, 
which is impractical even in the big, solidly- 
built eastern cities. Los Angeles seems es- 
pecially designed for the convenience of 
burglars in the enormously spread out resi- 
dence district. No doubt more patrolmen 
are needed — they always are — but what is 
the difference, in actual protection to the 
citizen out at night, between having one 
policeman to the square mile and one to 
half a square mile? 

We have had these so-called epidemics 
of crime every winter and for a period of 
years. They occur at the season when the 
town is full of visitors and of tramps. The 
former attract criminals, because visitors 
are supposed to have plenty of money for 
robbing, and the latter, the tramps, protect 
criminals by affording them a convenient 
form of disguise and a place to hide. 

It is absolutely necessary that this coun- 
try should tackle the tramp problem in earn- 
est. It is a sad thing to say, but there i.- 
no profit in treating these people gently ant 
kindly. We may be sorry for them in tin 
mass but individually they are a menace am" 
should be treated accordingly. We musi 
break up their nests and drive, them out. 
* * * 

PAY-AS-YOU-EXIT 

The trouble with the pay-as-you-enter ca 
is with the last word. It should be changei 
as shown in the headline above: Pay-as-vo 
exit. Then everybody might be happ_\ 
even including the company. 

These are the objections to the new typ- 
of car : First, that it sends passengers en 
tering to the rear end of the car, where ther 
is a crowd of automobiles, horses and w;- 
gons. This is due to the near-side stoi 
which we have found so valuable that ; 
should, not be abandoned. Second, peopl 
are delayed in getting on by the process c 
paying and making change, and the car i 
self is held back on its schedule by the pi 
ing up of a long queue of people at ever 
down-town -corner. The delay is increase 
frequently by people asking the conduct! 
as to the route of the car, and turning bac 
when they find they have the wrong ca. 
Third, the great inconvenience to the pubf 
in digging up the fare as they climb in' 
the car — frequently with arms full < 
bundles, and, in the case of women, skir 
to hold up and little children to care for. 

Now, reverse the entrance and exit pla 
and practically all these difficulties are i 
stantly abolished. People would enter 
the point of the car where the crossing i 
and where they are less likely to be inte 
fered with by vehicles. True, people lea-. 
ing the car would still have to meet vehicl 
as they passed out at the rear end, but it 
much easier to get from the car to the cu 
than from the curb to the car. There wou 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



hurry 

\ man ., 
out at a certain corner, 
the car in 
If it was raining he would be 
er while 

s ly keep an ej 
n and take care of bundles. 
i in mobs, but they get off a few 
:uc — at l( he crowd- 

id time of the day — in the evening on the 
ut to the residence section, 
bably the railway people would ob- 
Erround that people might at- 
tempt to beat their fare. If a man attempt- 
ed that game he could be refused an exit 
until the end of the line was reached, when 
he could be kicked out into the country. 

In due course of time it will occur to some 
railway manager that pay-as-you-exit cars 
will remove all the annoyances of the pay- 
lU-enter plan, and after a hard fight 
with his stockholders he will get a few cars 
of that type constructed. Gradually the 
idea will spread and in the end all street 
will be thus equipped. It will take 
about five years, however, for the light to 
break in. Just like the matter of the fend- 
i rs. We used to kill 40 people a year, where 
now. with a population one-third larger, we 
kill only five or six; but the railways de- 
nounced the law r for fenders as a high-hand- 
i il outrage. There was Dr. Haynes, who 
made the fight. What was he after? Was 
he agent for some special device? Must be 
some kind of an anarchist to wish to inter- 
fere with business. Anyhow a Socialist. 
That was the way they talked about it, and 
the corporation newspapers fairly frothed at 
the mouth. However, that was a matter of 
life and death and was very properly a sub- 
ject for legislation. This is merely a matter 
of convenience to the people, and it can just 
as well wait good naturedly until the rail- 
ways get around to it. They will in time. 
* * * 

PEOPLE AND VOTERS 



A woman reader writes to us in impas- 
sioned words to ask how we venture to use 
the words, "the people," with respect to po- 
litical matters, when half the people, to wit, 
the women, are not allowed to vote. As a 
•natter of language and logic the good lady 
certainly has the best of us, although we 
feel a little of her ferocious acerbity 
might have been spared in view of our re- 
pealed declaration in these columns that, in 
our opinion, women have a right to the bal- 
lot. We are reminded of an incident in the 
last city campaign. One of the candidates 
for the .nomination for Mayor was to make 
a public speech. Came a delegation of suf- 
fragettes to yell "Votes for Women" and de- 
mand the speaker's views. It happened he 
was an ardent suffragist, and he said so in 
the most unequivocal language. This satis- 
fiel all the ladies save one who had come 
tn yell "Votes for Women" and who went 
right on yelling it. and was only with great 
difficulty suppressed by her companions. 

Hut does our correspondent think that 
even after women are allowed to vote the 
use of the word "people" will 'be open to 
us? Alas! no. Then we may have a savage 
letter from Tommy Gumdrops of the fifth 
grade, reminding us that children who con- 
stitute half the people of this country, are 
not allowed to vote, and warning us never 
to use that word again. Also there will be 
the foreigners, the Indians and the criminals 
— all people just the same — who are not al- 



and who must be considered 
in the tnn the situ.. 

and etyn i not 

mix very satisfactorily, tin- lust we can 
make of it. 

+ + + 

SAMPLE TRUST MEANNESS 



PRESS COMMENT 



The furniture business is n 
a trust as the oil or meat business is but a 
chain of big concerns operating chiefly from 
Grand Rapids controls 75 per cent of the 
output and practically dominates the mar- 
ket. If they are m lublesome com- 
petition from any source they lower prices 
against it until the insurgent yields and 
comes into the trade agreement, or else re- 
tires, crippled and broken-spirited. 

Nothing bears a closer relation to the de- 
velopment of good or bad taste in a people 
than the character of the artifects by which 
the}- are surrounded in their homes. In the 
colonial period and the-few decades immedi- 
ately following, furniture making in this 
country was a sacred craft into which each 
individual workman put the best that was 
in him, for the sake of beauty and durabil? 
ity. Then came the era of factories and of 
the excessive use of the funereal black wal- 
nut (vice the kindly mahogany), and an 
overwhelming product of the cheap and 
ugly. Good taste in home making flickered 
and almost went out, preserved only in the 
old manor houses of the South and the sim- 
ple farm dwellings of New England. The 
former were mostly destroyed in the war, 
and the latter have since been ransacked to 
the uttermost garret for treasures which 
only the rich or the lucky could secure. 

Now there is no particular advantage 
about old furniture merely in its age, and 
modern workmen are just as clever and can 
be just as thorough as those of colonial days. 
Furthermore they have all these good mod- 
els at hand to copy — and to improve upon, 
if that be possible. There is no intrinsic 
reason, therefore, why people of very limited 
means should not today have just as beauti- 
ful and just as lasting furniture as their an- 
cestors enjoyed — and even people of small 
means may have had ancestors; such things 
have happened. No reason, we say, except 
the greed of the furniture trust. Mahogany, 
while it is, par excellence, the wood for fur- 
niture making, by reason of its tensile 
strength and freedom for checking, is very 
little more expensive than other hard woods, 
and it is just as easy to copy a beautiful 
pattern as an ugly one. In the minds of 
many people elaborateness and beauty are 
symonymous, but that is an error. 

Now when people of small means go to 
buy furniture they find the same conditions 
almost universal, viz: that the cheap pieces 
are done in atrocious models and that the 
well-shaped pieces are all expensive. There 
is no intrinsic reason for that, the dealer 
himself will tell you. except the meanness 
and rapacity of the trust. Good taste, which 
ought, 'for the development of the people, to 
be the cheapest thing on earth, is, with re- 
spect to the furniture business, made the 
most expensive. If any house starts in 
making good models at low prices, the trust 
gets after them and soon forces a trade un- 
derstanding. And thus the public is made 
to pay — pay — pay; pay-as-you-enter for the 
cradle, pay-as-you-exit for the coffin, and 
pay-as-you-go all the time in between. We 
do not mind paying, if we are allowed to 
get our money's worth, but why should we 
be compeled to live in squalid ugliness 
when beauty and good taste cost no more? 

169365 



The Supreme Court of California 
handed down a decision upholding big in- 
dustrial concerns in compelling emploj 
patronize company stores and even company 
hospitals. The decision holds that th 
ployer may discharge his employe lor re- 
fusing to comply with the company rule 
compelling the men to buy their bread and 
meat and coffee of the company. Judge 
Henshaw says in the opinion that in such 
case no wrong is done by the corporation. 
This may be good law. "Good law" that 
tyrannizes over the man who is helpless to 
resist injustice is the kind of law that en- 
courages and compels disrespect for law. — 
Pasadena News. 



The Government's dream — a pulverized 
sugar trust. — Boston Transcript. 



Nobody questions the barograph on the 
cost of living. — Philadelphia North Ameri- 
can. 



There never was a time that Reno's divorce 
mill was an infant industry. — Washington 
Post. 



Some people won't be satisfied until the 
corporations have a death rate of 100 per 
cent. — Washington' Post. 



Dr. Cook has discovered that the way of 
the transgressor may be paved with gold. — 
Pittsburg Gazette-Times. 



Morganite is the name of a new gem, 
named after J. P. Morgan. It wouldn't be a 
bad nam" for gold. — New York American. 



Some statesmen when they are divorced 
from the Government payroll act as if they 
were entitled to alimony. — Washington Post. 



Thus far Doctor Cook's repentance has not 
taken the form of rebating the $5,000 which 
Kansas City paid him for a lecture. — Kansas 
City Star. 



Mr. Hitchcock, the Postmaster General, 
seems to favor a parcels post wherever the 
express companies have not made other ar- 
rangements. — Kansas City Star. 



Government activity is now directed to 
breaking the glass trust, sinking the ship 
trust, waking the sleeping-car trust, tanning 
the shoe trust, and bottling the milk trust. 
Never a dull moment at Washington. — Wall 
Street Journal. 



The Harvard expert who says that women 
are becoming more mannish all the time 
claims to have arrived at this conclusion af- 
ter profound study, but it seems more likely 
he has been reading the British newspapers. 
— Emporia Gazette. 



Another reduction of running time be- 
tween New York and Philadelphia indi- 
cates the progress which this city is n 
ing in the improvement of its suburban 
traffic. — New York Tribune. 



This was not a Republican year, neither 
was it a Democratic year. It was not a 
Taft year, a Cannon year, a Roosevelt 
year. It was the people's year. It was a 
year of rebuke to the things that are. A 
year of protest against present day condi- 
tions. — Denver Post. 



Pacific outlook 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



■TT HE DATA for this depart- 
^* merit is supplied from the 
statistical bureau of the Munici- 
pal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor 
any other has any control over, 
or is in any way responsible for, 
the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



What Competition Can Do. New 

York Ci'.y has just been given a strik- 
ing example of what competition can 
clo in the matter of street railway con- 
struction and operation. The Public 
Service Commission has planned a 
new subway system, crossing Man- 
hattan over to Brooklyn at the upper 
end and dipping down with two lines, 
one on the east and one on the west 
side of the island. Bids were asked 
for the construction and operation of 
this system, but at first none were re- 
ceived. The company operating the 
present subway system under a grant 
from the city, objected to the con- 
struction of a new system except as 
an adjunct to the old, and it grudg- 
ingly offered to undertake the work 
provided the city conceded them 
similar terms to those under which 
they now operate, which may be 
briefly described as everything for the 
company and nothing for the city. 
This was one of the last contracts 
made under the old regime, before the 
people woke up to the possibilities 
of municipal ownership or control. 
The company, known as the Inter- 
borough, is a Belmont-Ryan Morgan 
concern. At this stage of the pro- 
ceedings when the effort for a new 
system looked like a failure there ap- 
peared on the scene William G. Mc- 
Adoo, the greatest living engineer- 
contractor-financier, the man who 
built the Interborough system and the 
Hudson tunnels of the Pennsylvania, 
with an offer to equip and operate 
the new lines if the city would con- 
struct them, and to divide the profits 
equally with the city. Instantly the 
Interborough Company woke up and 
came through with a most astonish- 
ing offer, better than McAdoo's, and, 
so extremely liberal to the city as 
to make their first proposition sound 
like some sort of an im- 
pudent joke. They propose to 
spend $75,000,000 to the city's 
$53,000,000 in the construction and 
equipment of the lines (McAdoo's 
offer was $50,000,000 to the city's 
$100,000,000) and to give the city the 
total profits for the first five years 
and after that to share and share 
alike. Some modifications have been 
made in the McAdoo offer which put 
it on about the same basis, so that 
New York is now in the agreeable 
position of one who is sure to get 
the full value of his money through 
the ancient power of competition. 



Interest on City Deposits. Ohio has 
much the same law with respect to 
public deposits as California. During 
the years of complete control in Cin- 
cinnati by the Cox machine the law 
was coolly ignored, and the treastir- 
er, or his maker, abosrbed whatever 
profits came from the use of the 
money. When the reform administra- 
tion came on in 1906, largely as a 
result of Taft's repudiation of Cox, 
the out-going treasurer was made to 
disgorge over a hundred thousand dol- 
lars of money that 'could be traced 
directly to him. Although Cox pres- 
ently returned to power, the canny 
people of Cincinnati would not turn 
him loose on the treasury again. This 
year in 11 months the city has had 
over $170,000 on its deposits. ' In the 
three years preceding, the city re- 
ceived over $400,000 from this source. 



State Utilities Law. The resolution 
adopted by the League of California 
Municipalities at San Diego on the 
subject of a state utilities commission 
defines the powers of such a commis- 
sion to cover the following points: 
1, To compel publicity of accounts of 
utility corporations; 2, To regulate 
issuance and sale of securities of such 
companies; 3, To authorize and re- 
quire capital expenditures; 4, To com- 
pel adequate service; 5, To make 
valuation of the properties; 6, To fix 
rates when municipalities do not by 
charter enjoy that right, and if they 
do enjoy the right to assist and advise 
with them in carrying it out. Under 
this last provision the work of the 
state commission would dove-tail in 
with that of the local commissions. 



Chicago's Great Park. By a vote of 
120,000 for and 40,000 against, the 
people of Chicago voted bonds for 
$7,5CO,0O0, the money to be used in 
acquiring large areas of land, for the 
most part already wooded, running 
in a wide belt all around the boun- 
daries of Chicago. This will make it 
one of the best parked cities in the 
world. At a cost of $4,000,000, Chicago 
is to widen Twelfth street to 118 feet 
from Ashland boulevard to Michigan, 
two miles, making a broad connecting 
link between the Lake and the West 
side. ■ 



Historic Slum to Go. This Con- 
gress will be asked for an appropria- 
tion of $125,000 to purchase several 
blocks of land surrounding Willow- 
Tree .Alley, which is an ancient slum 
of Washington, full of fire traps and 
rotten tumble-down structures, chiefly 
occupied by colored people. The land 
will then be transformed into a chil- 
dren's playground for the improve- 
ment of the surrounding district. In 
due course of time Society will get 
around to the point of asking who 
are the people that own tracts of this 
sort and what is their responsibility 
in such matters. 



The George Idea. The mayor of 
Boston is a single-taxer and has pro- 
posed a new method of working to- 
ward that system which meets the 
approval of Robert Treat Paine, who 
calls it the British Columbia method. 
It consists in a gradual year to year 
reduction of the percentage of assess- 
ment placed on improvements, while 
the percentage on land remains the 
same. Thus, supposing both were 
taxed on a 50 per cent basis, as in 
California, next year improvements 
would be on a 40 per cent basis, and 
next year after that 30 per cent, and 
so on until they should receive no 
valuation whatever. Thus it could 
be done without shock or jar, and in 
the end the unearned increment could 
■be made to pay all expenses of gov- 
ernment. 



Using Waste Labor. Fire horses 
need to be exercised each day, and the 
men are better for some employment 
that requires physical condition; so 
the Mayor of Denver has put the fire- 
men and fire teams at work on the 
city streets to help out the highway 
department. This plan has been tried 
in many cities, but, as a rule, it has 
not been successful, violent objection 
coming from the fire authorities and 
from citizens who feel that the men 
should be ready for quick service 
when needed. 



News of Commission Government. 
The Short Ballot Organization pub- 
lishes a list of 95 American cities 
that have adopted the commission 
form of government. Eau Claire, 
Wisconsin, reports success with the 
new system, particularly as regards 
finances. Jersey City proposes to 
have a commission, if the legisla- 
ture will allow it. Savannah, Geor- 
gia, is petitioning for a new com- 
mission charter and Decatur, Illinois, 
and Traverse City, Michigan, are ne- 
gotiating for the change. 



Efficient Commission Government. 
As an example of the gain in effi- 
ciency of city government under the 
commission plan a Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts paper gives these figures: In 
1909, spending for street construction 
work 154 times as much as the old 
government of 1908, the present ad- 
ministration got 3y 2 times as many 
yards of streets built, and in 1910, 
spending three times as much as in 
1 908, the present administration got 
6 l /i times as many yards of new 
streets. 



Cleveland Three Cent Fare. Al- 
though the result of the three cent 
fare in Cleveland is not satisfactory 
to the company with respect to al- 
lowances made 'for betterments, it 
has been decided to continue the pres- 
ent arrangement for a few months 
more. 



Municipal Dances. The new adm: 
istration of Milwaukee believes 
good times for the "common peopl 
A series of dances have been arrang 
to take place at the big auditoriu. 
At the second of the series 5000 we 
present and 1000 were turned aw: 
The price was 15 cents and the ma 
agement of the affair was in the lian 
of the superintendent of schools a; 
his deputies. Every girl present w 
given a chance to dance. 



Fool-hardy Scheme Frustrated. 1 

demonstrate the merit of a life-sa 
ing device a fireman of the town 
Newcastle, Indiana, proposed to ji r- 
from the pinnacle of the Court Hou.- 
Permission was refused by the e; 1 
authorities, however, on the grot; 
that if anything happened to t 
jumper the city might be liable i 
damages. 



Maps of Contagion. The Board 
Health of South Bend, Indiana, h 
hanging in the city hall large maps 
the city, and whenever cases of cc 
tagion occur, little flags of vario 
colors and sizes indicating the varic 
diseases are stuck in to mark t 
place. 



Improving River Bank. F( 

Wayne, Indiana, is another of t 
middle western cities that ha= ">wr. 
ened to the scenic possibilinc of 
river bank. A strip of land on ea 
side of the stream that runs throu r 
the town will be made into park. 



Passing of the Horse. The fire co 
mission of Buffalo announces that 
is done with the horse; all future ■. 
hides purchased will be of the mo. 
type. The experience of several ye. 
has settled the matters of expense a 
efficiency, and the horse is out of 



Glendale's Municipal Light. C 
small neighbor to the north has a vt 
successful lighting plant with 550 si 
scribers, low rates, and a small pri 
to its credit at the end of the fi 
year of operation. 



Garbage for Back Yards. St. Lo 

has adopted the rule that all garb; 
must be taken by the collector fi\ 
back yards and alleys. 



BEKINS 



Fire-Proof Storage 

1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 

Call and inspect. Reduced Ra 
Shippers of household goods to ar 
from the East and North. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




IMPRESSIONS OF 
A PLAIN CITIZEN 




Organizing 
Pjblic Opinion rilic 

Hical 
in that citj . 

idc by Patrick Cal- 

pinion can nized 

like a tru ? t or anythil 

"1 know a man," wrote Mr. Barry, 
built up a highly successful 
nizcr of public 
n. lie went to the president 
of a great university and said: '.Now 
that competition for students is 
strong among universities, you ought 
rertise.' T c president smiled. 
'Our name is sufficient advertisement,' 
he replied. 'If we were to try to 
exploit ourselves by means of adver- 
should simply impair 
out dignity and in the end do our- 
harm.' The writer shook his 
'You don't understand what 1 
mean. My plan is not to exploit your 
university in advertising columns. I 
that would he a poor way. 
I will simply keep the work you are 
before the public by means ot 
entertaining and instructive articles. 
will be published as reading 
matter in n and magazines.' 

>i lent was impressed. He 
highly moral man. lie would 
ing even to 
help his university. He thougnt he 
saw only good in the proposition. So 
he agreed to give that young .nan a 
large fee each year for the sake of 
! the fine work in the various 
departments of his university made 
known to the public. He would him- 
self make sure that everything ap- 
pearing in these articles was the 
truth, that is. what he believed 
to be the exact truth, lie forgot that 
even truth may be a means of cor- 
rupting public opinion. 

"The wrong lay, of course, in print- 
ing of these articles as reading matter 
instead of what it really was, adver- 
tising matter. In other words, biased 
matter was presented to the public 
as though it were unbiased matter." 
If the mural to this little story is 
not obvious, 1 will add that within 
a short time after having been started 
upon his career in this manner by 
the university president this young 
man secured so many clients that he 
could not perform the service de- 
manded of him. Me was compelled to 
organize a staff of special writers, in- 
cluding young men of exceptional 
ability, some of them devoted to high 

. who were assigned to the task 

of exploiting various special interests. 
i the e clients desired to se- 
cure at the minimum of expense, or 
at no expense at all, valuable privi- 
from the people. The articles 
these young men wrote were instruc- 
tive. Tliry were eagerly read by tens 
and perhaps hundreds of thousands of 
people. Public opinion was being 



le I, insulted, 1 

him. 

work in 

until 
such. We 

in Los \ ■!.■ y are 

apparently id, but arc 

not doing greater harm by 
stealthily public opinion 1 

1- it right that the m 
should have insinuated upon them 
something which they would not wel- 

in a frame of mind not h> - 

terical n< d by the application 

of oily words? 

Encourage 1 have been a con- 
Competition stant reader of the 
Pacific Outlook since 
Number 1 of Volume 1 was issued 
in 1906. I recall that this paper was 
the first to suggest the establishment 
of a line of first-class modern pas- 
-cngcr steamships to ply between Los 
Angeles and San Francisco. I recall, 
also, that within a month or so after 
the first editorials urging such a ven- 
ture appeared in this paper, the rail- 
road put on some second-class boats, 
obviously for the purpose of discour 
aging the competition which swift 
modern vessels would mean. As a 
supporter of the Pacific Outlook and 
the policies for- which it stand;, I 
therefore rejoice that it has lived to 
see its ideas in this respect put into 
execution by the promoters of the 
Vale-Harvard line. There is no doubt 
whatever that this line will become 
immensely popular, provided it does 
not fall into the hands of the rail- 



road-steamship trust and 
lapse into a second-rate 
It should be encouraged 
possible way. 



allowed to 

institution. 

in every 



The Dust on 
the Books 



r of the P 

■ 

Ition, all that is 

the n ition on the subject 

t to his 1: 



Plaint of a Unless certain resi- 
Strap Hanger ■' Gari anza- 

flighland Park disl 
ire monument il prevaricators 
business mi ling in 

■ are doing considerably 
i -hare toward fur- 
ies railway with 
dividen Is. "I seldom gel a ieat any 
more," complain d o ;e the 

evening. "As a matter of fact 
1 do not remember having ridden 
mi comfort for two months. I 
have kept track of the number of 
ngers bound north on these cars 
between 4:50 and 5:15, and they 
almost invariably run up into three 
figures. The old cars seat 42 pas- 
sengers — the P. A. V. E. cars seat 
eight more. One night the conductor 
rung up 151 fares. Seldom does the 
indicator show fewer than 90. The 
average probably is about 100. If I 
could always find a strap to hang to 
it would not be so bad, but half the 
time I am jammed up into one corner 
near the motorman or the conductor, 
where I can do nothing but play the 
part of a bolster or buffer for some 
other unfortunate dividend payer. As 
I tip the scales at 226 you may 
imagine how weary I am after riding 
thirty-five minutes or more in this 
position." 

Perhaps the railroad people are 
doing the best they can with the 
rolling stock in hand, but if that be 
true they ought to get more cars. In 
the long run the policy of affording 
patrons every convenience pays best. 
If the citizens of Los Angeles ever 
decide to take possession of this and 
kindred public utilities and operate 



If half that I hear in 
regard to the activities 
of Purd Wright, the 
new city librarian, is true, Los An- 
geles certainly has a great "find." 
Mr. Wright is going to make the 
library a. great public utility, there is 
no doubt of that. He is brushing away 
the mildew and the dust. He is in- 
jecting life and vigor and a spirit of 
helpfulness into every department of 
the institution. We have suffered so 
long from what most of us have be- 
lieved to be incompetency in the 
conduct of the city's bookshelf that 
we are prepared to welcome almost 
any sort of change in its affairs. 

Xo one can come in contact with 
the new librarian without instantly 
realizing that he is what, in modern 
parlance, is known as a "live wire." 
He has but one hobby, thank good- 
ness, and that is that a library shoul 1 
lie not simply a collection of boo!.-. 
to be seen and read if one actually 
needs to see and read, but that it 
shall be a living, daily, hourly invi- 
tation to every man, woman and child 
to get more intimately acquainted 



5£« <3TJT^S ^s 

AND ILLU>STRATION^ 




FOR) BOOKLETS, 
CATALOGS. 
PAMPHLETcS, 

LABELS. 

NEWS PAPEPoS 

AND ALL OTHER. 

PRINTING PURPOSES. 




PURITAS 

DISTILLED WATER 



PURE 



WHOLESOME 



| HEALTHFUL 

| FIVE GALLONS, 40 CENTS 

.;/ Delivered within the old city 
3$ boundary lines. 

Los Angeles Ice & I 
Cold Storage Co. j 

Phone Home 10055; Sunset 
Main 8191 



5v a " 

So.n«OAOW»Y «^^Sff ' S S,>„, 

A. PI BBNO 

ANNUAL 
SALE 

OF 

Undermuslins 

Opens 

TUESDAY 

January 3rd 



[ONTHS of careful 
preparation for this 
great sale, and advantageous 
buying, enables us to offer 
high class lingerie at low 
prices --- without sacrificing 
quality, or workmanship. 

Our large assortment con- 
tains garments of dainty sim- 
plicity, or elaborate creations. 



HIGHCLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES &FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
353 S Hill Street 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS 
PROPERTIES 




Leading Clothier; UNO 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streets.. 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



them to suit themselves the railroads 
will have nobody but themselves to 
blame. They certainly have been 
"tipped off" frequently enough. 



What About OUR What has become 
Musical Spirit? of our public con- 
certs? What has 
happened to the municipal band? 
What about our love of music, any- 
way? Is it to be allowed to go un- 
requited? Can it be possible that a 
city of upwards of three hundred 
thousand inhabitants, a city which 
boasts of its progressive spirit, of its 
desire to co-operate with the pro- 
moters of all movements inspired by 
the hope of accomplishing something 
worth while in the finer things in life 
as well as those of a purely commer- 
cial nature, is going to permit the 
musical talent of its young to de- 
velop to the point 01 capability and 
then accumulate moss? Are we going 
to teach our children to sing and 
beat the tom-tom and toot the horn 
and draw the bow and then leave 
them to shift for themselves? Or are 
we going to deem it wise to offer 
them an opportunity, and to encour- 
age them to embrace that opportun- 
ity, to organize themselves, under 
competent and zealous leadership, so 
that we, as a city, -may enjoy the 
fruits of the seed we have sown? 

A city like Los Angeles without a 
great orchestra encouraged by the 
holders of the municipal purse strings 
and a well-trained vocal chorus big 
enough and elastic enough to 
tempt every amateur musician 
to try for membership therein 
■is almost an anomaly. Let us have 
done with smallness and short-sight- 
edness in the matter. We ask the 
whole world to come out here and be 
entertained; and when the world 
sends delegations galore to investi- 
gate us, what have we to offer in 
the way of wholesome entertainment? 
It is well to look after the commer- 
cial and industrial development of 
the city, but how about the municipal 
soul? Is the big Auditorium fit only 
for religious services and grand opera 
with Moulin .Rouges as a sort of 
sideshow, or shall we make it a home 
for home music as well? 



City Club Christmas Jinks 



Must We I bought a fine new 
Stand for It? hat the other day. It 
was of grey felt. To- 
day it is the color of a concrete side- 
walk about six minutes after the wet 
mud has been removed from it. I am 
just narrow enough and suspicious 
enough to believe that the transfor- 
mation was brought about by too 
intimate contact with the soot parti- 
cles falling from the dense clouds of 
smoke which are vomited forth from 
some of the office buildings in town. 
This is only a complaint. I freely 
confess I have no remedy. 'But there 
must be one. 



Would Cause Less Trouble 

A fond mother in Valparaiso, hear- 
ing that an earthquake was coming, 
sent her boys to a friend in the coun- 
try so that they might escape it. In 
a few days' time she received a note 
from the friend, saying: 

"Take your boys away and send 
along the earthquake." — Judge. 



Fun and Frolic at Lunchecn 



The annual Christmas Jinks of the 
City Club were held last Saturday at 
the Westminster Hotel. There was 
an exceptionally large- crowd present 
and the program was listened to with 
keen enjoyment. 

Frank S. Forbes, who has acted in 
the capacity of Santa Claus for sev- 
eral seasons past, was there in his 
usual character minus the picturesque 
costume. His distribution of the gifts, 
accompanied by many good natured 
jokes at the expense of the recipients, 
was a feature of the occasion. The 
recipients of the different gifts took 
in good part shafts "launched at their 
foibles. 

Marshall Stimson was presented 
with a doll in tin mail astride a minia- 
ture court house with an appreciation, 
from Santa, of his work in leading the 
Good Government forces, "On to the 
Court House." 

Russ Avery, whose work in har- 
monizing the different factions of the 
Republican party in Los Angeles 
county in the late elections, was of a 
strenuous character, was given a large 
box of "Frederick's" pills to tone up 
his system, which pills proved to be 
lemons. . 

Judge Works received a purple toga 
in anticipation of his election to the 
United States senatorship, which gift 
he remarked, was rather premature. 
Congressman-elect Stephens was giv- 
en a toy cannon very much battered, 
and Santa Claus told him that was 
what would happen to a certain Can- 
non in the house of representatives 
when the new congressman got into 
action. 

Lieutenant-Governor-elect Wallace 
was presented with a bartender's uni- 
form and a bung-starter, a reminis- 
ence of the campaign waged against 
•him by the liquor interests of the 
state. There was some difficulty in 
getting the apron tied properly and 
the expert services of Henry Lyon 
were called in. Mr. Wallace said that 
though he had largely been elected 
by a certain element it was his duty 
to give all the people a fair bargain 
regardless of the factions which op- 
posed him. 

Senator-elect Leslie R. Hewitt re- 
ceived a little donkey bearing the la- 
bel, "Consolidated City .and County 
of Watts," and it was explained that 
represented Hewitt's idea of the "bur- 
ro" form of government. 

Senator-elect Lee C. Gates was the 
recipient of a combination hobble 
skirt and trousers and it was given 
to Senator Gates because he is an 
ardent champion of equal suffrage. 
The dignified senator was hoisted to 
the top of a table and made to don 
them, or it. Mr. Gates entertained 
the club members with a speech both 
eloquent and witty. Mr. Gates thought 
that before he put the garment on it 
should pass Mr. Guy Eddie's inspec- 
tion as to the proper length. 

Assemblymen-elect Dr. W. A. Lamb 



and Henry Lyon were called up to- 
gether and received a toy couch with 
. a lion and a lamb lying down to- 
gether. 

A wooden box painted to represent 
a safe and with a large "3" on the 
front was given to Supervisors Prid- 
ham, Manning and Butler. Santa 
Claus explained that it was the first 
time in the history of the county when 
there had been a safe "solid three" 
for the people. 

They were also given a miniature 
Hall of Records, full of furniture. 

President Finlayson of the club re- 
ceived a toy bench as a token of his 
election as a 'Superior Judge, anld 
also a book in which to record his 
decisions. 

A toy duck was given to Dr. Sher- 
win Gibbons. Santa Claus told him 
he was to hold an inquest on the 
duck and find out if it was a dead 
duck, and if it was, what was good for 
it. This was a reminder of Dr. Gib- 
bons' race for 'coroner, in which he 
was defeated by a narrow margin. 

William Mulholland got a bottle of 
mucilage to mix his tufa cement; also 
a letter from Joe Simons urging that 
the aqueduct be built of brick. 

T. E. Gibbons received a life mem- 
bership in the Democratic party, pro- 
vided he would stand on some ab- 
surdly humorous planks to be' put in 
the platform. 

Dr. Gibbon and Henry Lyon were 
requested to escort to the hall W. F. 
Hcrrin who was waiting in" the lobby. 
They brought in Willie Wing excel- 
lently disguised as the Southern Pa- 
cific chief and the make-believe Her- 
rin was presented with a brick to put 
in his pocket so as -to prevent mis- 
haps when Johnson kicks him out. 

Thomas Lee Woolwine's gift was 
the ideal platform on which to stand 
when running for district attorney, 
whkh consisted of two toy horses 
with a rider trying to manage both. 
One was black and labeled "Royal 
Arch," the other was white and la- 
beled "Anti-Saloon League." Under 
the Anti-Saloon League horse was a 
little blind pig. 

Meyer Lissner was presented with 
the earth, represented by a globe, and 
a silver crown and scepter. He re- 
plied to the witticisms of Santa Claus 



with some excellent stories. 

The closing hit was the unveiling 
of a statute of Mayor Alexander, 
which, when the veil was drawn prov- 
ed to a whiskered mannikin with bob- 
bing head. "Uncle George" appre- 
ciated the joke and replied suitably. 
Charles Farwell Edson sang a num- 
ber of fitting parodies, assisted by a 
very harmonious male quartette. 



MR. HERRIN'S CUNNING POLI- 
TICS 



Hiram W. Johnson, in spite of all 
the. Southern Pacific's Mr. Herrin's 
vigorous and expensive efforts, was 
nominated for Governor by the Re- 
rubli'can party last August. 

In spite, also, of Mr. Herrin's vig- 
orous and expensive efforts to prevent 
it, the people of California elected 
Johnson Governor last monch. 
' The Southern Pacific is not pleased 
with the outlook. 

It sees that, if things go as they 
will go if the forces of good govern- 
ment are not broken up and disor- 
ganized, its long-time suzerainty over 
the people of California will be shat- 
tered at Sacramento this coming win- 
ter, that laws will be passed in the 
interests of the people, and that laws, 
put on the statute book by it, will be 
repealed. 

Therefore, the Southern Pacific's 
astute Mr. Herrin is very busy, and, 
no doubc, expensively busy, these 
davs trying to breed trouble between 
Governor-elect Johnson and those 
who supported him. 

All the Herrinic oress. like the Oak- 
land '""-mime, the Los Angeles Times 
and the Argonaut, to say nothing of 
the other "gutter weeklies," are, 
therefore, busily engaged in crying to 
breed a quarrel between the Gov- 
ernor-elect and the men, like Chair- 
man of the Renublican State Com- 
mittee Lissner, Chester H. Rowell and 
others who 'were prominent in nomi- 
nating and electing Johnson. 

The same Southern Pacific-Herrinic 
infinenrfs are also industriously en- 
p-nrrpd .ju nttempcing to engender sus- 
nicion and distrust in the minds of 
I.eoris'ators-c.lect toward Governnr- 
Mect Tnhnson and the head of the 
State Committee. 

Only the easilv-fooled and those 
who are looking for excuses to favor 
Herrin will be deceived bv the trans- 
narent attempts of Herrin and the 
Herri-nites to breed trouble in the 
anti-Southern Pacific camp. 

Mr. Herr.in is noted for his cun- 
ning. But he will not be cunning 
enoyo-h. it is hoped, to disrupt the 
nnti-Southern Pacific forces in Cali- 
fornia. — Oakland Enquirer. 



Voice over Phone — Hello, is that 
you, darling? Miss Coquette— Yes: 
who is talking? — Life. 



"Do yon tell your wife everything 
you do while she is away?" "No, the 
neiehbors attend to that." — Houston 
Post. 



^ 



REMOVAL SALE 

Pianos and Player Pianos 

Before moving to our new Broadway building present assortments of 
high grade instruments must be disposed of. Heavy discounts have 
been made on our regular standard agencies. If you intend buying a 
Piano or Player Piano this is your opportunity. Come in and get full 
information — prices and terms. 

/"I-.-^ T X>i m .l-^1 /^„ Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealers 
VireO. J . UlFKei L/0. 345-347 S. Spring St. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The National Municipal League 



By Clintcn Rogers Woodruff, Secre- 
tary 



The ng in 

the c 

• r ever all nope, and 

ill dur- 

Definite 

rk for the iiu; 

nicnt of municipal conditions has ta- 

• ken t I lamentation, and the 

beginning to manifest 

in a new municipal spirit, 

which is leavening the lump of our 

citizenship. 

;n the beginning the National 
Muncipal League has fostered this 
new spirit. It has not closed it- 
to existing evils, any more than a 
physician would close his eyes 
ily sores; but it has studied them 
inly to cure them, but 10 make 
their recurrence difficult, if not im- 
ble. As a Westerner has remark- 
ed, municipal reformers of the present 
day arc not mere theorists; they are 
progressive and up-to-date men. They 
work to reform certain evils by pro- 
posing better methods and plans for 
the management of public business. It 
is not only necessary to have good 
laws and good men to administer 
them, but the modern nuinici. al work- 
er stands for something better yet 
when he desires to create a public 
sentiment that will be satisfied with 
nothing short of the best laws and 
the best officials. It is to this end 
that the National Municipal League 
is working, and it is for this- enlight- 
ened public sentiment that it pre- 
ntly stands. 
The question is often asked why a 
nal body should consider local 
questions; but as the editor of the 
Wilmington News has said, whatever 
of good is accomplished in municipal 
reform here and there will in time re- 
sult in good in a general way. One 
city has a good system along one line 
another along a different line. 
That is all gain. When each city has 
a good system for every branch of its 
rnment, then reform will have 
Dei n accomplished. Such meetings as 
the National Municipal League's are 
to be encouraged. It induces those 
who read the reports of the proceed- 
ing; to think on the subject. When 
man begin to think, there is hope. 
The absence of real and serious 
thought is what is responsible for mil- 
al abuses everywhere. 
linn. Charles j. Bonaparte, the 
president of the league, in writing a 
reply to a critic, had contended that 
each city must solve its own prob- 
lems, which in a large measure is true, 
pointing out that "to have good city 
government we must, first of all and 
! ire all else, have good citizens." 
Ami he adds; "How to secure honesty 
in the administration of public affairs 
in Greater New York, or Philadelphia, 
is already, in every sense, a problem 
of urgency for the patriotic citizen of 
New York State or Pennsylvania. It 
OWS daily more and more a problem 
of urgency for the patriotic citizen 
of the United States." 

One of the problems of cities is the 
Bjuestion of municipal ownership, and 
■on this point the former Attorney 
Ginr-r.il writes: 

"How far any government shall as- 
sume functions not inherent to sov- 
ignty is essentially a question of 
'Honey; historical and legal rea- 
and the influence of political and 
social tendencies will usually deter- 
mine it in the ease of each commun- 
ity. It is not. .-'lid perhaps it cannot 
be determined by any fixed gem 
rule or be subject to principles of uni- 
versal application. 



i er) 

which 

nd, in 

"There will he naturally, and : 
is in fact, a wide anil also an ' 
differ. nion of the subject; 

and. v 

ject will be one highly suitable foi 
discussion befoi i i mt, to 

my mind at h 

iate for detenu the 

or action in pursuance of such 

Mr. Bonaparte then goes on to dis- 
cuss other points as follows: 
"Whatever the number, names, and 

powers of our elective officers, we 
cannot have good government with- 
out fair elections. Whatever the 
duties and compensations of our pub- 
lic servants, to fulfill the former and 
fairly earn the latter they must be 
chosen for merit, not from favoritism, 
and removed for the public good, not 
to benefit any party, faction, or per- 
son. However we may distribute au- 
thority among cfity officials, in a 
government of public opinion respon- 
sihility for every public act or omis- 
sion must be made clear, certain, and 
individual, to afford a reasonable hope 
of effective and beneficent control by 
public opinion. 

"These three requisites, at least, are 
so evidently indispensable to a satis- 
factory government for an American 
city that we may fairly count an hon- 
est election law a thoroughgoing ap- 
plication of civil service reform, and 
such simplification of duties and con- 
centration of powers among municipal 
officers as will give the public some 
one man certainly to blame whenever 
there is any reason to blame anybody 
ends of effort for municipal reform- 
ers." 

The following committees of the 
National Municipal League are, or 
have been, engaged in carrying on im- 
portant lines of study and investiga- 
tion: Municipal Taxation, City Fi- 
nances, Municipal Franchises, Nomin- 
ation Reform, Instruction in Munici- 
pal Government. Charter Reform, 
Health and Sanitation. City Budgets, 
Police. College Men, Uniform Muni- 
cipal Accounting and Statistics, Re- 
search Work in Colleges and Univer- 
sities. 

Thus the league is fulfilling its de- 
clared object: "To promote the 
thorough investigation and discussion 
of the conditions and details of civic 
administration and of the methods for 
selecting and appointing officials in 
American cities, and of laws and ordi- 
nances relating to such subjects." 

The league continuously carries on 
an active propaganda "to multiply the 
numbers, harmonize the methods, and 
combine the forces of all who realize 
that it is only by united action and 
organization that good citizens can 
secure the adoption of good laws and 
the selection of men of trained abil- 
itv and proved integrity for all mu- 
nicipal positions, or prevent the suc- 
cess of incompetent or corrupt candi 
dates for public office." 

Manj- of its leaflets and pamphlets 
have eone into four or five editions, 
and the demand for them continues 
mi liminished. One series of articles 
(twelve in number) reached 3,000.000 
ders. 

Moreover, the league serves as a 
clearing-house for active municipal 
workers, putting them in touch with 
each other ami with alluminating ex- 
periences, and affording them infor- 




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mation they desire. 
Am : her object of the league is "to 

provide for such meetings .mil con- 
ferences and for the preparation and 
circulation of such addresses and oth- 
er literature as may -inn likely to 
advance Iiu- cause of good city gov- 
ernment." 

Tin; has been carried out by a 
series of annual conferences which 
have become notable alike for their 
personnel, the value of their discus- 
sions, and the good which has result- 
ed from personal exchange of views 
and experiences. At one meeting, for 
instance, thirty-five representatives 
and executives of local municipal 
bodies engaged in a round table con- 
ference on methods, which lasted a 
whole afternoon. 

The discussions as to improvement 
in municipal governments which are 
going on before the National Munici- 
pal League conferences are of excep- 
tional importance, the editor of the 
Los Angeles Expres ; on one occasion 
pointed out. Carefully matured plans 
for the improvement of our methods 
of city government w-ere reported and 
were acted upon by the conference. 

At the first meeting, as another edi- 
tor declared, there was much enthusi- 
asm and a very earnest feeling that 
something must be done; but the talk 
was largely in the air. At the later 
meetings there is very little attempt 
at eloquence: the papers and debates 
grapple with the toughest problems 
of rounicipal organization, and there 
is a scientific thoroughness in the 
treatment and a firm grasp on thr 
facts. 

That the National Municial League 
is fulfilling -its objects may be deter- 
mined from its membership, now 
nearly 1900, included in which are 200 
organizations, business and civic, 
with an enrolled membership of over 
190,000 men and women — a great field 
for working for higher municipal 
standards and greater efficiency in ad- 
ministration. - It may be determined 
also by the use of its proceedings in 
•colleges, schools, and libraries, bv the 
student, publicist, and public official,' 
by the utilization of the league's re- 
sources by officials; but that is anoth- 
er story which I hope to tell another 
time. 

The frames of government of our 
cities need readjustment to modern 
conditions. The movement for char- 
ter reform is the result. What should 
our cities do to meet the new condi- 
tions and eliminate the existing evils? 
The Municipal Programme is the an- 
swer. It is a substantial volume of 
246 p ages, published by the Macmillan 
Company. Tt represents two years' 
hard an ' p "sistent effort on the part 
of experts in municipal work. It has 
been praised by discriminating critics 
and used in- every constitutional con- 
vention and charter convention which 
has been held since it was published. 
Engineering News. Dec. 17. 1902, calls 
it "the most important contribution to 



the literature -of charter reform." 

Dr. Delos F. Wilcox, author of 
"The American City," in an article on 
the Programme, thus reviews its use.: 

"It has nowhere hern enacted into 
Jaw as a whole, but its influence has 
been felt practically everywhere 'un- 
der the flag' that charters have hern 
framed, constitutions revised, or mu- 
nicipal reform agitated. It was pub- 
lished in full in Honolulu for the ben- 
efit of the Hawaiian Legislature. It 
was used by the Havana Charter 
Commission and by the Porto Rican 
and Philippine Commissions. It has 
left marked traces in the new consti- 
tution of Virginia and Alabama, and 
has formed the basis for a sweeping 
amendment to the Colorado constitu- 
tion. The Charter Commission of 
Portland, Ore., used it. The Charter 
Revision Commission of New York 
adopted some of its provisions. The 
Duluth and St. Paul charters are in line 
with it in important respects. It has 
formed the basis for agitation for 
charter reform in Wisconsin, Minne- 
sota, Michigan, Delaware, and doubt- 
less many other States." 

The accounts of American cities 
are. as a rule, as hopelessly complica- 
ted and involved as are their charters. 
As the Boston Transcript has said: 
"The satisfactory comparisons of the 
expenditures for the various depart- 
ments of government in the different 
cities are impossible." 

In 1900, at Milwaukee, a committee 
was authorized to "report su7,'i meth- 
ods or systems of municipal account- 
ing and collection of municipal statis- 
tics as it may find to be most advis- 
able." How well this committee has 
discharged the duties thus assigned to 
it may be gathered from the follow- 
ing statement by Prof. F. A. Cleve- 
land of Hasl.-ins & Sells and of the 
University of the city of New York: 

"So useful w-'cre the schedules of 
classification thus formulated that 
from the date of their first publication 
they have been utilized by cities at- 
tempting to restate their reports. In 
fact, the progress of the work of the 
committee may be traced in the new 
classification from time to time 
adopted by municipalities. Today 
there are no less than eighty cities 
whose financial statements bear the 
stamp of the work of the League, and 
the United State; census officers have 
made use of them in the collection 
and classification of municipal statis- 
tics. At the last conference of the 
league it was thought the success of 
tin; part of the work of the commit- 
tee warranted an enlargement of the 
scope of its labor. The committee 
therefore continued, and instruct- 
ed to report in outline a complete 
i of municipal accounts and re- 
port;." 

Throtieh its active committees the 

her groups 

and public 

men, who have formulated reports of 

(Continued on Page 15) 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




By M* N. F. 

TO READERS of the Pacific Out- 
look, "Happy New Year, and a pleas- 
ant Tournament of Roses!" Good 
luck to you, every one! 

While our uncles and our cousins 
and our aunts in the effete east have 
been wrestling with the snow a'nd 
deadly cold incident to the reign of 
the ice king, Southern California, and 
Los Angeles in particular, has been 
gaily struggling in a vortex of out of 
door pleasures made possible only by 
that monarch to whom we all make 
obeisance — Southern California Win- 
ter. Hail to the king! 

There have been motoring parties 
galore. Everybody and his wife have 
been to Dominguez field to watch the 
birdmen, interest was keen in the au- 
tomobile exhibit, there was tennis, and 
golf, and then many of us took long 
walks — out to the Baldwin hills, or to 
Griffith park, or perhaps to Mt. Wil- 
son. All that beside the Christmas 
hospitality crowning the holiday sea- 
son, and now we are looking forward 
to New Year's day and the Tourna- 
ment at Pasadena, which, because 
there has been no frost, promises such 
a show of poinsettias as has never been 
seen before, and will forever locally 
distinguish January 1, 1911, as "Poin- 
settia Day." 



The first of the subscription dances 
occupied the attention of society last 
night, and the occasion, for which 
most elaborate plans had been made, 
promised to be one of the most bril- 
liant events of the season. Patron- 
esses for this function iwene Mrs. 
Alfred Solano, Mrs. Ernest A. Bryant, 
Mrs. Edwin T. Earl, Mrs. Michael J. 
Connell, Mrs. Allan Balch, Mrs. Wil- 
liam May Garland, Mrs. I. N. Van 
Nuys, Mrs. Walter Scott Newhall, 
Mrs. George J. Denis, Mrs. Hancock 
Banning, Mrs. Granville MacGowan 
and Mrs. Walter Jarvis Barlow. 



Mrs. L. M. Brunswig will be at 
home to friends tomorrow afternoon 
at her home in West Adams street, 
receiving in compliment to her niece, 
Miss Mina Bernard of New Orleans, 
who is her guest for the winter. As- 
sisting the hostess in receiving will 
be Mrs. Mary Longstreet, Mrs. Ran- 
dolph H. Miner, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Bryant, Mrs. Erskine Ross, Mrs. Ad- 
na R. Chaffee, Mrs. William Work- 
man, Mrs. Dan Murphy Mrs. P. G. 
Cotter, Mrs. D. K. Edwards. Mrs. 
Michael J. Connell, Mrs. Walter 
Scott Newhall, Mrs. Wesley Clark, 
Mrs. Edwin T. Earl, Mrs. Frederick 
Wami, Mrs. Eugene S. Ives, Miss 
Lynch, Miss Sinnot, Miss Echo Allen. 
A group of young women who will as- 
sist in the dining room will include Miss 
Ives, Miss Cora Ives, Miss Sallie Mc- 
Farland, Miss Marjorie Utley, Miss 
Lucile Clark and Miss Emma Conroy. 



BR1DGHAM 

Mrs. Malone Joyce and Mrs. Lillian 
Reynoldson gave one of the delightful 
affairs of the week yesterday at their 
South Alvarado street home, enter- 
taining with afternoon bridge. There 
were about fifty guests in attendance 
and the rooms were gay with English 
holly and scarlet poinsettias. The 
hostesses were assisted in receiving by 
Mrs. Philip Wilson, Mrs. J. T. Spen- 
cer, Mrs. F. J. McKain, Mrs. Frank 
Nichols, Mrs. J. C. Brown, Mrs. Percy 
Lane, Mrs. Carl Doran and Mrs. J. C. 
Ferrall. 



Of special interest to members of 
the younger set was Mrs. Cornelius 
C. Desmond's dance Thursday night 
at the California Club, when she en- 
tertained in compliment to Miss Ruth 
Kays, Miss Anna McDermott and 
Miss Catherine Mullen. Many poin- 
settias and ferns were used through- 
out the rooms, and gave the Christ- 
mas touch to the festivities. The com- 
pany numbered about 200, and the 
hostess was assisted in her pleasant 
duties by Mr. Desmond, Miss Lynch, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Kays, Mr. and 
Mrs. Edward Mullen, Mr. and Mrs. 
Allan Hancock, Mr. and Mrs. Louis 
Grant and Mrs. Mary Schallert. 



In honor of the season's debutants 
— quite the largest and most charm- 
ing group that has graced local so- 
ciety in years — Mrs. Edwin Tobias 
Earl will entertain members of the 
unmarried set at a reception this 
afternoon at her beautiful home in 
Wilshire boulevard. A gracious hos- 
tess and a great favorite with the 
young folks, Mrs. Earl will be 
assisted by Miss Jane Rollins, Miss 
Amy Marie Norton, Miss Mildred 
Burnett, Miss Wood, Miss Florence 
Wood, Miss Ives, Miss Cora Ives, 
Miss Lucile Clark, Miss Clarisse 
Stevens, Miss Sallie Bonner, Miss 
Katherine Banning, Miss Bernard, 
Miss Sallie McFarland, Miss Juliet 
Borden, Miss Emma Conroy, Miss 
Elizabeth Helm and Miss Marguerite 
Hughes. 



Debutants and other members of 
the younger set are reserving Janu- 
ary 20 for the dinner dance for which 
Mrs. W. D. WooVwine has issued 
invitations, a company of about 
seventy having been bidden to meet a 
group of young women who are see- 
ing their first social season. Mrs. 
Woolwine will entertain at her North 
Broadway residence in compliment to 
Miss Lucile Clark, Miss Jane Rollins, 
Miss Elizabeth Helm, Miss Mary 
Goodrich Reed and Miss Katherine 
Banning. 



laid for Mr. and Mrs. Horace White, 
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin White, Rev. and 
Mrs. Harry W. White, Dr. and Mrs. 
J. Strathord White, Dr. Roy White, 
Mr. and Mrs. Park Upton, Miss Em- 
ily White, Dorothy Upton, Francis 
White, Reginald White, Horace 
White, Merritt White, Celestine 
White and Joseph Beek. The even- 
ing was devoted to a musicale. ■ 



Toedt, Miss Louise Sherman, Miss 
Marjorie Mhoon and Miss Louise 
Hawkins. 



Judge and Madame Erskine Mayo 
Ross will be at home to friends at 
their residence in Wilshire boulevard 
the afternoon of January 7. Guests 
will be received from 4 until 7 o'clock. 



The reception given by Mrs. Philip 
Forve and Mrs. Laura Rieger Wed- 
nesday at the Forve home in West- 
lake avenue was one of the enjoyable 
events of the Yule-tide. In receiving 
the hostesses 'were assisted by Mrs. 
Shimon Maier, Mrs. Harry E. An- 
drews, Mrs. W. W. Neuer, Mrs. Se- 
condo Guasti, Mrs. Frank Larned, 
Mrs. J. W. McAllister, Mrs. Brenton 
Lee Vickrey, Mrs. J. C. Goodrich, 
Mrs. Charles L. Whipple, Mrs. 
George Fusenot, Miss Suzanne 
Lynch, Miss Anna McDermott, Miss 
Florence Bowden, Miss Mamie Maier, 
Miss Hazel Ball, Miss Josephine Mc- 
Allister, Miss Ruth Larned, Miss Jean 
Lines, Miss Margaret Goodrich, Miss 
Hildreth Maier, Miss Felt of Chicago, 
Miss Dorothy Schaefer and Miss 
Forve. 



One of the interesting engagements 
of the season was made known a few 
days since, Mr. and Mrs. Lee Cham- 
berlain announcing the betrothal of 
their daughter, Miss Lois, and Stuart 
M. Salisbury, son of Dr. and Mrs. 
S. S. Salisbury of this city. The 
young people have many friends, and 
their wide acquaintance combined 
with the social prominence of the two 
families makes the news of more than 
passing interest. 



A family gathering and Christmas 
dinner were enjoyed at the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. James A. White in 
Pasadena Monday. Covers were also 



Among the parties occupying boxes 
this week at the Belasco was one 
entertained by James Slauson in com- 
pliment to Miss Elizabeth McMechen 
and her fiance, Royden Vosburg, who 
is Mr. Slauson's nephew. The en- 
gagement was announced only last 
week, and as yet no date has been set 
for the wedding. Miss Mechen is 
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Benson 
G. Mechen of Pasadena, and the 
pleasant news was told by the bride's 
mother at a luncheon given at her 
home, where there were covers for 
Mrs. Kate Vosburg, mother of the 
bridegroom to be, with Miss Mar- 
garet Briggs and Miss Dorothy Mc- 
Leish of Los Angeles. Pasadena 
guests were Mrs. Benjamin Doug- 
las, Miss Anson Lisk, Mrs. Allen 
Stelle, Mrs. Jonothan 'Scott, Miss 
Florence Thompson, Miss Wads- 
worth, Miss Mary Wadsworth, Miss 
Margaret Sherk, Miss Margaret 
Percey, Miss Adeline Wright, Miss 
Edith Edminson, Miss Geraldine 
Barry, Miss 'Margaret Mears, Miss 
Grace Ve'dder, Miss Bessie Matti- 
son, Miss Anita Hertel, Miss Marion 
Hamilton, Miss Gladys McLaughlin, 
Miss Jane Rowland, Miss Marion 



On the eve of departure for a visit 
of two months to Atlantic coast cities, 
Miss Wood and Miss Florence Wood 
were hostesses Monday night at a de- 
lightful affair at the family residence 
in St. James Park, entertaining with a 
dinner dance for more than thirty 
young people. Place and dancing 
cards were monogrammed with the 
initials of the young hostesses, and 
the decorations represented a snow 
scene, significant of the winter joys 
that await them during their stay in ■ 
Chicago, New York, Boston, Phila- 
delphia, Washington, and other places 
of interest on their itinerary. There 
were covers for Miss Wood, Miss 
Florence Wood, Miss Juliet Bordon, 
Miss Katherine Stearns, Miss Emma 
Conroy, Miss Amy Marie Norton, 
Miss Mildred Burnett, Miss Letts, 
Miss Edna Letts, Miss May Rhodes, 
Miss May of San Francisco, Miss 
Kate Van Nuys, Miss Lucille Clark, 
Miss Sallie McFarland, Miss Sallie 
Bonner, Miss Jane Rollins, Jack 
Somers, Tim Horan, Neil Brown, 
Harry Blackmore, Henry Daly, Arden 
Day, Nat Head, Maynard McFie, 
Jack Leadley, Morgan Adams, Charles 
Grimm, Neil Pendleton, George Zim- 
mer, Charles Sheedy, Chester Moore, 
Harold Janss, Dr. Swift. 



Among the iarge affairs distinguish- 
ing the week was one of the two for- 
mal social events of the Press Club's 
year — the mid-winter reception, which 
took place Tuesday evening in the 
Woman's club house, where between 
three and four hundred members and 
invited guests gathered to enjoy the 
musicale with which the evening 
opened.' Harry Girard's song cycle, 
"The Trend of Time,", was presented 
under the composer's direction by 
Agnes Cain Brown-Girard, soprano; 
Miss Hazel Runge, mezzo-soprano; 
Leroy Jepson, tenor; Harry Girard, 
baritone, and Earl Couch, basso. 
Laura Seymour Wheeler was at the 
piano except in Mr. Girard's compo- 
sitions. The composition was delight- 
fully sung and proved of great in- 
terest and beauty. Solo numbers giv- 
en by the musicians were greatly en- 
joyed. Following the program the 
guests were formally received by Mrs. 
David Chambers McCan, president of 
the club, Mrs. Samuel T. Clover and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Dejeans 'Budgett, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Girard. Among the as- 
sisting women were Mrs. Emma L. 



Public Stenographers 

Multigrap'hers, Phonographers, 
Notaries, Accountants, Trans- 
lators. 

Office Help 

Higgins Bldg., 2nd & Main Sts. 

Main 290; A 5914. 

Employment Dept. 417 W. 5th. 

Main 9580; F2196. 



Furniture Repair Works 

Cane and Rush Seating 

Upholstering and Refinishing 

Phones: Home 24387 Bdwy 4382 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Mr-. 

Mrs 
I' K \lr> Marj Bowman, 

nthal, Mr- 1 
Henry '. 
Mrs. Edmund Burton, Mr-. Her- 
y, Miss Ri 
Miss Ji im, Miss 

, Miss Bess Munn, .Mi-* 
uth Burke, Miss 
Flora -- Uma May I 

Miss Alice 
Chapin, Miss Jeannette Con- 
Miss Myrtle I The 
evening was concluded with dancing. 



In compliment to Miss I. aura Clay- 
Ion King, who with her mother, Mrs. 
King, left Thursday for the cast 
where they will pass the winter. Miss 
Ruth Martin of West Eighth • 
entertained informally Tuesday even- 
ing. Guests a-ked to meet Miss King 
were Miss Pauline Busch, Miss Cor- 
nelia Briggs, Miss Olive Moure, Er- 
nest Thomas. Charles Barnett, Mor- 
ton Colliday, Earl Matins and Percey 
Martin. 



Mr. and Mr-. William Scholl of San 
Diego are passing the holiday season 
in Los Angeles, and are being cor- 
\> doomed by old time friends. 



Mrs. J. Torrey Connor, a sister of 
Eugene Torry of this city, came from 
San Francisco for the holidays, and 
was the guest of Mrs. J. Hamilton 
Gridley of South Olive street. 



At the home of the bride's parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Coulter in West 
Twentieth street was solemnized Wed- 
in -day afternoon the marriage of Miss 
Beth Coulter and Dr. Lawrence L. 
Lindsey, Rev. W. H. Fiishburn of 
Grand View Presbyterian church offi- 
ciating. The bride, who was unat- 
tended, wore her going away suit of 
blue cloth, and the ceremony was wit- 
nessed by relatives and intimate 
friends only. Dr. and Mrs. Lindsey 
went directly to their home in Braly. 

Invitation rehearsals of the 
Women's Symphony orchestra this 
winter arc a delightful innovation in 
the musical world, and that of Tues- 
day acquired a distinctly society 
flavor by reason of the tea and cakes 
which served as an excuse for the de- 
lightful half hour over the teacups 
with which the afternoon closed. 
Hostesses were Mis. Hampton L. 
Story. Mrs. Kate Vosburg and Mrs. 
Ernest V. Bryant. 



Combining all the delights inci- 
dent to a debutant function and the 
iioliday season was the dance given 
Tuesday night by Senator and Mrs. 
Eugene Ives at their home in Shorb, 
when they Formally introduced their 
charming daughters. Miss Annette 



number of 
eyed 

in .ill re- imong the 

Among 
lifting were 
Mrs. Ed« in T. Earl, Mr-. V 
Rodman, Mrs. I.. M. Brunswig, Mrs. 
Wc-b Mr- E. .1. Marshall, 

Mrs. Will E. Dunn, Mrs. W 

i-, Mr- Ernest \. Bryant, Mrs. 
Guj Barbara, Mi 

lie Lynch, Mis- Inez Clark, Miss 
I. ucile Clark. Mi-- Ulen, Mil 
ton, \li-s Kate Van Nuys, Miss Mary 
Addison Walker, Mi-s Marjorii . 
Utley, Miss Emma Conroy, Miss 
\nna Mc- 
IX rmott. 



new studio in Ellendalc 



\n: enter- 

taining at the week end were Miss 
Wood and her sister, Mi-- Florence, 

) for Miss 
Gretchen Stevens of New York was 
'inted as possible. No 
home in Los Angeles is more per- 
fectly adapted to entertaining than 
the Wood residence in St. James 
park, and in addition to the rarely 
beautiful table appointments there 
wa- a center piece of sweet peas 
where hovered numerous butterflies, 
and birds, a tiny gold basket with 
butterfly handle was by each place with 
its burden of sweet peas; there were 
places for the special guest and hos- 
tesses, Miss Patton, Miss Katherine 
Banning, Miss Katherine Stearns, 
Miss Evangeline Duque, Miss Vir- 
ginia Walsh, Miss Jane Rollins, Miss 
Emma Conroy, Miss Elizabeth Helm, 
Miss Mary Reed, Miss Marie Bob- 
rick, Miss Marjorie Utley, Aliss Ives, 
Miss Cora Ives and Miss Rae Belle 
M i irlan. 



Miss Rebecca Howard and William 
C. Hay, whose engagement was made 
known a few weeks ago, have chosen 
January .24 as the date for their mar- 
riage, which is to be an evening affair 
at the home of the bride's parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Howard in West. 
Adams street. Miss Howard has 
selected as her attendants, Miss Alva 
Will of Redlands, and Miss Louise 
Taylor and Helen Updegraff of this 
city. Burpee Hay will serve his 
brother as best man, and Hugh K. 
Walker, Jr., and Louis B. Howard 
of Pittsburg, Pa., as groomsmen. Mr. 
I lav, who is in business in Portland, 
i Ire., will make a home for his bride 
in that city. 

Mr. and Mrs. William I. Hollings- 
worth of Lake street wdll leave soon 
after the holidays for a trip of three 
weeks to Mexico. 



Immediately following the morn- 
ing service at St. John's Monday, 
Rev. Lewis G. Morris read the mar- 
riage office of the Episcopal church 
for Mis- Emily Rutherford and Ralph 
E. Mocine in the presence of a few 
friends and relatives. Mr. and Mrs. 

i j tie, well known members of the 

artist colony, on their return 

from a brief trip to Santa Barbara, 

will be at home to friends at their 



Sinner.'' has been a potent attraction 
tins e Mason, Monday 

night's audience being especially 

-cntative of the society circles 
of the city. Among those for whom 
re-er. m this open- 

light were Mr. and Mrs. William 
May Garland, Mr. and Mi-. I 'on M. 
Lee, Mr. and Mr-. II. < ',. Mines, Mi-. 

iw-French and a party of live; 
Dr. and Mr-, Guy 'Cochran, Mr. and 
Mrs. Michael J. Council, Mr. and 
Mr.. J. M. Danziger, Judge and Mrs. 
! \\ . McKinley, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
W. Sargent, Mr. and Mrs. Burton E. 
Greene, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Marsh. 
Mr. and Mrs. Leo Jacoby, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. Brownstein, Walter G. Van 
Pelt, Mr. and Mrs. George Lichten- 
berger, Mr. and Mrs. Guy Barham, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Jenkins, Mr. and 
Mrs. Boyle Workman, Dr. and Mrs. 
Titian Coffey, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur 
Letts, Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. 
Anthony, Mr. and Mrs. R. B. 
Bishop, Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Sale, Mr. 
and Mrs. • F. A. Fairchilds, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. L. Cheney, Mr. and Mrs. H. 
Mackey, Mr. and Mrs. M. S. Hellman, 
Mr. and Mrs. Nathaniel W. Myrick. 
Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Doran and Mr. . 
and Mrs. Earl Cowan. 



That "sport of kings," otherwise 
denominated flying, as demonstrated 
at Dominguez field during the holi- 
days, was of interest to many, among 
well known persons occupying boxes 
being Major and Mrs. John H. Nor- 
ton, Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey Holter- 
hoff, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Doran, 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph F. Sartori, Mr. 
and Mrs. Edwin IS. Rowley, Mr. and 
Mrs. E. T. Stimson, Dr. and Mrs. 
Granville MacGowan, Mr. and Mrs. 
W. B. Merwin, Mr. and Mrs. W. ,B. 
Cline, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Danziger, 
Mr. .and Mrs. M. iH. Ihmsen, Mr. and 
Mrs. S. T. Clover, Mr. and Mrs. W. 
S. Hook, Jr., Mr. and Mrs Homer 
Laughlin, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 
Holliday, Dr. and Mrs. Robert J. 
Burdette, MY. and Mrs. Stoddard 
Jess, Mr. and Mrs. Lee Phillips, Mr. 
and Mrs. Milbank Johnson, Mr. and 
Mrs. Joseph Hixon, E. B. Tufts, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. B. Millar, Mr. and Mrs. 
Gail B. Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. 
George I. Cochran, Mr. and Mrs. 
William W. Mines, Mr. and Mrs. 
Isaac Milbank, Mr. and Mrs. F. L. 
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Motley H. Flint, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Kerckhoff, Mr. 
and Mrs. Howard E. Huntington. Mr. 
and Mrs. W. M. Garland, Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank S. Hicks, Mr. and Mrs. 
T. E. Gibbon, Mr. and Mrs. Robert 
Marsh. Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Do- 
heny, Mr. and Mrs. Dan Murphy, Mr. 
and Mrs. Harry Gray, Mr. and Mr-, 
Robert P. Flint, Mr. and Mrs. 
Michael J. Connell, Mr. and Mrs. J. 
A. Graves. 



Mr. and Mrs. Howard E. Hunting- 
ton have as house guests at their 
Oak Knoll home Mr. Huntington's 
mother and -ister, Mrs. Huntington, 
Mr- J. B. Metcalf and Miss Marion 
Huntington of San Francisco. 



Mrs. \-a Kelly of Wash., 

and In ter, Virginia, arc pass- 

ing the holidays with Mrs. Kelly's 
uid Mrs. J. K, Con- 
i".v iii West Thirtieth street, where 
Mr. Kelly is i xpected to j"i" them 
for the return trip. 



Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Young of 
Chicago are occupying the Francis 
Murphy residence in Wilton place. 
Mrs, Murphy is in Long Beach, where 
-In- has opened her cottage, the "Sea 
Shell." 



1- there anything better worth 
while than to have put the Christmas 
spirit into the heart of a little child? 
Y'cs, there is just one other possibil- 
ity infinitely better — to have taught 
300 children the meaning of the day, 
as did Mrs. .Robert Marsh and her 
little daughters, Miartha and Flor- 
ence, when Sunday their handsome 
Westchester place home was the 
scene of one of the most elaborately 
planned Christmas parties ever given 
in honor of Saint Nicholas, and the 
guests were children from the poorer 
quarter of the city, from 5 to 12 
years old; as did also Mrs. Dick 
Ferris, who opened her home in 
West Adams street to little people 
from the same neighborhood, mak- 
ing their hearts glad with a real 
Christmas dinner and a tree whose 
boughs were laden with gifts. 
Children of Ebell members also had 
a large share in the distribution of 
Christmas joy Thursday, bringing 
gifts to decorate the beautiful tree 
which, according to annual Ebell 
usage, the following day was dis- 
poned of its treasures in behalf of 
several hundred happy youngsters 
who live in a quarter of the city that 
in times past has 'been overlooked 
sometimes by Santa Claus. Santa 
Claus Flint and his staff were busy 
as usual, there were other emissaries 
of the good saint busy both in pub- 
lic and private, and it does seem as 
if there could be no child in this 
good city of the Angels so hidden 
away that some one did not seek him 
out with gifts and good wishes. 



DANA W. BARTLETT ON CIVIC 
IMPROVEMENT 



Mr. and Mrs, Henry Balfour and 
Mrs. Irene Rowland are located for 
the winter at 661 Rampart street, 
where they are at home to friends. 



The C. M. Clark Publishing Co. of 
Boston will put before the public on 
January first a new book by Dana W. 
Bartlett on subjects relating to civic 
improvement. "The Better Country" 
deals with such subjects as "Social 
Service," "Public Ownership," "Indi- 
vidualism," "The Prevention of Pov- 
erty, Crime, etc.," "Votes for Wom- 
en." "Irrigation," "Public Schools" 
and "Workingmen's Homes." Mr. 
Bartlett has had wide experience in 
dealing with these vital problems, and 
his book can not fail to be of interest 
to those seeking light on subjects 
related to civic betterment. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




"A Man's Wcrld" 

Many theatre-goers will dispute 
Rachel Crothers' handling of the main 
theme in her new play, "A Man's 
World," and many more will doubt 
her wisdom and marvel at her fear- 
lessness in assailing an evil over 
which centuries of condonation have 
thrown a veil of tolerance, but none 
can question her earnest purpose and 
scholarly technique who have fol- 
lowed the play to its consistent close 
and given it after thought. The com- 
pany which presents "A Man's World" 
at the Majestic this week is one in 
which talent and study combine with 



woman novelist, sends away her lover 
because she has discovered that he 
fails to measure up to the perfect 
standard he demands of her, is a 
triumph of consistency. 

Miss Mary Mannering has never 
given the public anything equal to 
her Frank Ware in force and intelli- 
gence, and she effects this increase in 
strength without the least sacrifice of 
her feminine charm and sweetness. 
Alphonze Ethier plays the difficult 
role of the lover capitally. Charles 
Wyngate is at once amusing, winning 
and powerful as the German violinist, 
Fritz Bohn, and his scenes with the 




.. : :i:-i_ii4 



Adeline Dunlap as Jacqueline in "Madame X," Majestic Theatre Next Week 



the advantage of congenial roles to 
form an almost perfect production 
The cast, in fact, might be termed 
"all-star" without exaggeration. The 
settings are peculiarly well-chosen, 
and the atmosphere of the true Bo- 
hemia—not the cheap, tinsel imita- 
tion but the environment where gen- 
ius loves best to thrive — is carried out 
with true artistry. 

The argument is the eternal one of 
a noble woman's rebellion against the 
double moral standard whose tragic 
consequences have been brought home 
to her through observation of life's 
seamy side. The idea is not new, but 
it is treated so sincerely and power- 
fully and naturally that it is quick- 
ened into deeper meaning, and the 
play's ending, when Frank Ware, the 



little adopted son of the woman he 
loves are charming. Miss Ellen Orms- 
bee gives a character study of a spine- 
less young girl ambitious for Bohem- 
ianism and an artist's career, and does 
it with a sense of humor and pathos 
which enriches it into real life. Every 
other member of the cast plays with 
spirit, accomplishing a well-balanced 
dramatic whole seldom equalled on 
the local stage. 

"A Man's World" should be seen 
by everyone who appreciates good act- 
ing and wholesome ethics. 

Dorothy Russell Lewis. 



good natured woman may spite time. 
In the little comedy, "In Search of a 
Sinner," Lillian Russell cannot but be 
admired, if for no other reason than 
for that pulsing spirit which has pre- 
served to her so goodly a portion of 
her famous natural charm under a 
weight of years which is, at any rate, 
not as light as a feather. 

But her hold on old characteristics 
is not the only reason for enjoying 
Miss Russell on the stage at this 
late hour. 

Added to the natural liveliness of 
the woman herself, which trait seems 
to have diminished hardly at all, 
though its expression is a bit more 
ponderous than of yore, is an actress of 
pleasing talent, much developed of 
later years. 

As Georgiana Chadbourne, the 
widow so long married to a saint that 
sheer reaction has sent her forth in 
search of a sinner, Miss Russell acts 
with ease and intelligence, although 
there is little enough in the role, or 
in the play as a whole. "In Search 
of a Sinner" is a foolish sort of a 
little composition, with the uncon- 
vincing traits of most other plays de- 
liberately built to fit certain stage per- 
sonalities. Here and there are good 
lines, with some rather clever repar- 
tee which Miss Russell uses with fine 
effect, but the interest is not well 
sustained and it would be difficult to 
imagine the three acts holding to- 
gether without a central figure of 
general public interest, such as Lillian 
Russell, to focus attention. 

The best bits in the cast, after Miss 
Russell's part, are the ex-prize fighter, 
done by Joseph Tuohy, and Mcln- 
tyre, the Scotch maid, done by Jessie 
Ralph. 

A familiar face to Los Angeles thea- 
tre-goers is that of Hayward Ginn, 
formerly of the Burbank stock com- 
pany, who takes the part of Jeffry 
Chadbourne in Miss Russell's present 
play. Lanier Bartlett. 



Lillian Russell 

The current week's offering at the 
Mason is remarkable chiefly as an 
example of how a determined and 



William Farnum at the Orpheum 

The headliner of the Orpheum bill 
for the past week was Mr. William 
Farnum in his one-act drama "The 
Mallet's Masterpiece." The story of 
the play centers around that most fa- 
mous of ancient marbles, the. Venus 
de Milo, and the plot is Mr. Edward 
Peple's conception of how she arrived 
at her present armless condition. The 
situation is the old three-cornered one 
of one woman and two men, a situa- 
tion presumably as common to hu- 
man nature in the year 200 B. C. as 
at the later stages of the world's his- 
tory. Philotias (Mr. William Far- 
num) a Greek sculptor has just 'com- 
pleted his masterpiece of sculpture, a 
statue designed to compete in a con- 
test which would establish his reputa- 
tion and gain for him the King's 
daughter, Adonia. Vesta, his rival 
both in art and love, comes to his 
home and seeing Philotias in the gar- 
den with Adonia, in mad rage and 
jealousy seizes a mallet and breaks 
the arms, with the babe which they 
hold, from the statue. The despair 
of Philotias can be imagined and the 
strongest and most convincing mo- 
ment in the playlet comes when the 
sculptor realizes that instead of his 



work being destroyed it is now more 
beautiful than ever before. Mr. Far 
num gave a sincere interpretation of 
the role of Philotias and made a splen- 
did .appearance in his Grecian dress. 
Miss Olive White as Adonia was 
gracefully robed. 

Next in order of merit on the bill 
were the Duffin-Redcay acrobats, 
whose act was clever in the highest 
degree as well as being' somewhat 
unusual and decidedly thrilling. 

Another number of a high order 
was a motion picture showing the 
New York police force, particularly 
the mounted division, in conventional 
drills and sensational special work 
such as stopping runaway horses and 
speeding automobiles. 

The Sisters Meredith were chiefly 
remarkable for their numerous and 
gorgeous costumes, while "Radiant" 
Radie Furman gave a clever bit of 
German character acting and singing. 
Held over from last week were the 
Temple Quartette, Callahan and St. 
George, D. J. Audree's "studies in 
China and Ivory" and the Musical 
Cuttys. M. R. T. 



"The Man of the Hour" 

Like the year of 1910, "The Man 
of the Hour" is almost done. It has 
reached the point where it is but the 
hope of a surviving few. 

As played at the Auditorium this 
week its lines rang like corridors of a 
deserted castle. All of the possibili- 
ties were there but it lacked life and 
vim. There was little in the acting of 
the company to make it the really 
great play that it is, and what ap- 
plause it drew, was on account of the 
lines, not the acting. 

"The Man of the Hour" as origin- 
ally played some years ago made a 
great sensation and deserved the long 
run which has been accorded it. Then 
and now, and probably in many years 
to come it will depict political life of 
the city. The grafters and scheming 
financiers we will have with us for 
many years to come, although the 
ward bosses may go. 

So I do not mean that the play will 
not live. It should from time to time 
be revived but only by capable com- 
panies. The company at the Audi- 
torium presenting "The Man of the 
Hour" is hard working and means 
well, but I venture to say that there 
are two stock companies in this city 
that with a week's rehearsal could play 
it better. 

The Shuberts send us many fine at- 
tractions and of course cannot be ex- 
pected to always hit the mark, so we 
hope for the better. J. L. Barnard. 



"The Battle" 

"The Battle," Wilton Lackaye's 
strong play, is given a fine presenta- 
tion at the Burbank this week. In 
the comparison with the regular com- 
pany, which is still on the .road, it 
suffers but very little and that only 
in the lights and shades of the play 
which would naturally be better 
broug-ht out by long acquaintance with 
the characterizations. 

The story of the play is centered 
around John J. Haggleton, a captain 
of finance, whose son has been taken 
from him in infancy and grows to 



^ 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



immunity. 
K his 
where 
an endea 

nd his 
methods. 

part 

-plcn- 

king, 

the b he has d 

'. imc. 




Mark Smith as "Bob Blake," in "The 
Traveling Salesman," Mason Opera 
House Next Week. 

David Landau, in the character of 
Philip Ames, the lost son, has a splen- 
did opportunity to show his ability 
and makes the best of it. Howard 
Scott is especially good in his role. 

Marjorie Rambeau in the part of 
Margaret Lawre.nce gives us one of 
her strongest female characters since 
"The Test." 

Charles Ruggles, as Joe Caffrcv, 
the sport, makes his first appearance 
with the Burbank company and has 
a part which fits him handsomely. 

Taken altogether, "The Battle" is 
cue of the most entertaining and best 
acted plays that this company has put 
on in many months. 



. COMING ATTRACTIONS 

Henry B. Harris will present at the 
Mason Opera House for the week be- 
ginning Monday, Jan. 2nd, "The 
Traveling Salesman,'' the latest com- 
edy by James Forbes, author of "The 
Chorus Lady" and "The Commuters." 

The locale of the play is Grand 
Crossing, a Middle West village. The 
story opens on Christmas Day, and 
in the first act is shown the interior 
Of the railway station, where Bob 
Blake, the traveling salesman, and 
Beth Elliott, the pretty ticket agent, 
meet and are speedily attracted to 
each #ther. 



Beth owns a plot of seen. 

hat suddenly acquires 
to a 
scheme of improvement planni 
'he r.. npany. Martin Drury, 

- cognizant 
of th ion's plans through a 

at headquarters, and attempts 
to defraud the girl of her property 
by a perversion of the laws govern- 
ing the sale of lands by the township 
for unpaid taxes It is Blake's aim 
to frustrate the scheme and the pre- 
dicament in which he finds hii 
through his impetuous and misguided 
efforts, supplies the necessary dra- 
matic thread Of the comedy, which 
aims chiefly at a humorous cxposi- 
if the characteristics of the pres- 
ent day drummer. 

The second act which takes place 
in Blake's room in the Elite Hotel, is 
said to be novel in its depiction of 
"life on the road." 



"Quincy Adams Sawyer," a drama- 
tization of the novel of the same name 
by Charles Felton Pidgm, will be 
the offering by the Burbank stock 
company for the week beginning with 
the matinee New Year's day. This 
rural comedy never has been seen in 
Los Angeles, either by a traveling 
company or a stock company. 

The play gets its name from Quin- 
cy Adams Sawyer, a young man of 
aristocratic New Enland lineage, who, 
while visiting a little town in the 
country of the Pilgrim Fathers, buys 
a little grocery and general store to 
circumvent the machinations of the 
village villain, a man of considerable 
wealth but no scruples as to the man- 
ner of adding to it. The young man 
who buys the store falls in love with 
a beautiful blind girl, and complica- 
tions set in which threaten the peace 
of mind of all concerned. It is all 
straightened out in the end, however, 
to the satisfaction of everyone. 

The full strength of the Burbank 
company is required with the aid of a 
number of accessory players, to pre- 
sent this play, so long is the cast. 
One of the features is an old time 
husking bee, with its dances and gen' 
era! merry-making. 

The new drama by Lee Arthur, 
"The Fox," is now nearing its final 
stages and will soon be ready for 
presentation. 



New. Year's week, and the Orpheum 
programme are synonymous, in that 
both represent "something new." 

Heading the new. list comes "Mar- 
velous" Griffith, the human arithme- 
tic machine. Griffith is a man who 
thinks, eats, drinks, sleeps and walks 
in numbers. He sees figures and 
problems in the rays of the sun and 
in the brilliance of the stars. He can 
raise a number to its sixth power in 
the time than an ordinary man takes 
to state a problem; he can multiply 
nine figures by nine figures while you 
are lighting a cigarette. Groups of 
figures to his mind represent the same 
a; groups of letters (words) do to 
anyone else. That is, he sees them 
auto-suggestively. He has his own 
system for working out his problems, 
and all the figures one may string out 
to him fit into his system at some 



angle, giving him absolute mastery of 

his art. 

But Griffith is not alone on the bill, 
though by far the predominant fea- 
ture oi it. There are John Cook and 
James Lorenz, the "gentlemen 
tramps" who have deserted "The 
Motor Girl" for vaudeville. Quigley 
their names indicate, do 
an Irish comedy team stunt, and 
es come from them in 
rapid succession. Their jokes are of 
the 1911 vintage and they with the 
Cook and Lorenz team will keep the 
amusement high. Sheda, the Polish 
violinist, is another newcomer. He 
"ts a weird but musical act called 
"Paganini's Ghost." Remaining an- 
other week are William Farnum & 
Co. in the drama, "The Mallet's Mas^ 
terpiece"; The Duffin-Redcays, the 
Sisters Meredith, and Radie Furman, 
and new pictures will make up the 
bill. 

The Orpheum Road show is due 
here Jan. 23. The second week of the 
show here, Alice Lloyd will join it. 



enough to comprehend that there is 
humor in even die most tragic mo- 
ments of any one's life. 

Thus "Madame X " yreat 

of the lighter and more amusing 
characteristics; features that make for 
laughter, as well as those things made 
for tears. In thi :' the three 

rascal! who try so desper- 

ately i ipital QUI Of the mis- 

fortunes of (he woman there is much 
to entertain and amuse: there is a 
very charming and life-like love ro- 
mance involving the son of the luck- 
less Madame X, while even the pa- 
thetic little porter, Victor, has mo- 
ments in which he arouses shouts of 
laughter, as for example when he so 
drolly misconstrues the questions of 
the judge in the thrilling trial scene. 

Henry W. Savage will offer this 
drama of mother-love at Hamburger's 
Majestic theatre for the week begin- 
ning Sunday night, Jan. 1, with a 
special matinee Monday, Jan. 2. 



In addition to being thrilling arid 
tear-compelling, "Madame X" is like- 
wise regarded by the metropolitan 
critics as a most entertaining drama. 
In writing this play, Monsieur Alex- 
andre Bisson, the Parisian dramatist, 
has evinced the characteristic skill of. 
the French playwrights. He has real- 
ized that it would be impossible for 
any audience to endure the strain 
upon the sympathies and emotions 
that this work calls for, unless there 
were adequate humorous relief. He 
also understands human nature well 



Ida St. Leon will be seen here at 
the Mason during the week of Jan. 
9, in Frederic Thompson's production 
of "Polly of the Circus." 



The Earlier the Better 

Irate Pa — Did you tell that young 
man who calls on you every night 
that I was going to have the gas 
turned off promptly at 10 p. m.? 

Daughter — Yes, papa. 

Trate Pa — And what did he say to 
that? 

Daughter — He said he would con- 
sider it a great personal favor if you 
would have it turned off at 8:30. — 
Tit-Bits. 



ORPHEUM THEATRE VAUDey '^ 7 e M .tTol 


St., Bel. 2d & 3d Mai. Etrry Day Both Pbonci 
25c. 50c. Night. 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c 


Beginning Mond 


IV 


Mat 


nee Jan. 2, 1911 


"Marvelous" Griffith 






Wm. Farnum & Co. 


Human Adding Machine 






"The Mallet's Masterpiece" 


Cook & Lorenz 






Duffin-Redcay Troupe 


"The Gentlemen Tramps" 






Wonderful Athletes 


Quigley Brothers 






Sisters Meredith 


Irish Impersonators 






Song Successes 


Scheda 






Radiant Radie Furman 


"Paganini's Ghost" 






American Comedienne 


Orpheum 


Motion Pictures 



jy[ASON OPERA HOUSE 



W. T. WYATT 
Manager 

Week Commencing Monday, Jan. 2: Usual Matinee Saturday. 
Extra Matinee Monday. 

henryb. Harris Presents The Traveling Salesman 

By James Forbes, author of "The Chorus Lady," and "The Commuters" 
Prices: 50c to $1.50. Seats Now on Sale. 

Coming: "Polly of the Circus." 



LJAM BURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 

Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco, Mgr. Near Ninth 

Beginning Sunday Night, Jan. 1. Special Matinee Monday, Jan. 2 

HEN.RY W. SAVAGE Offers the MAHAlV/fP V 
Supreme Dramatic Sensation l.Vl.rA.L'.rAlVlIIi /\. 

Nights and Saturday and Monday matinees: 50c to $2. Bargain 
Matinee Wednesday. 
Coming — "The Gentleman From Mississip pi" 

jWrOROSCO'S BURBANK THEATER Main Street 
Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company Near Sixth 

..Beginning Sunday Matinee, Jan. 1.. Special Matinee Monday, Jan. 2.. 

First Time in Los Angeles 

QUINCY ADAMS SAWYER 

The great drama of New England Life and Humor 
Xijhts: 25c, 50c, 75c. Matinees Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays: 10c 
25c, 50c. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




MSIC 



Prominent music teachers of South- 
ern California have formed an organ- 
ization known as the "Southern Cali- 
fornia Music Teachers' Association." 
While no constitution has as yet been 
drawn up, it is understood that the 
association will work along the lines 
of the best national and state socie- 
ties, with the object in view of bet- 
tering teaching 'conditions in this sec- 
tion of the country. The organiza- 
tion meeting, held last Tuesday, had 
an attendance of over sixty, all of 
whom joined the association. 

Charles Farwell Edson was elected 
president, Miss Jean Winston- vice- 
president and A. D. Hunter, secre- 
tary-treasurer. M. F. Johnson of 
Pasadena, was elected chairman of the 
program committee, with Gertrude B. 
Parsons of the Polytechnic High 
School, and Stanley B. Widener as his 
associates. 

The committee on constitution and 
by-laws consists of Mr. Jaroslav de 
Zielinski, chairman, Miss Arley G. 
Mott of Santa Paula and Mr. Wis- 
mer of Los Angeles. 

Eligible members must be music 
teachers of good standing and must 
have taught a certain number of years. 



Kocian, the violinist, comes to Los 
Angeles as the. fourth entertainer in 
the Philharmonic Course at Simp- 
son Auditorium next Thursday even- 
ing, Jan. 5th. 

He is known to the American pub- 
lic and to Los Angeles from his visit 
here eight years ago. 

But one recital will be given in this 
city. The program numbers follow: 

1. Concerto G Minor. D'Ambrosio 

1. Grandiso molto moderata e 

sostenuto. 

2. Andante. 

3. Allegro. 

J. Kocian. 

2. (a) Gavotte Gluck-Brahms 

(b) Bowree ..Bach-Saint Saens 

M. Eisner. 

3. Cioconna (1665-1750) J. A. Bach 

J. Kocian. 

4. (a) Hymne au Printemps 

Kocian 

(b) Covatine Cui 

(c) Moto Perpetuo Ries 

J. Kocian. 

5. Rhapsodie Hongroise No. 3 

Liszt 

M. Eisner. 

6. Faust Fantasia Wieniawsky 

J. Kocian. 



When one considers the range of 
artistic work as presented by Mme. 
Gerville-Reache, and realizes that she 
has obtained the position of prima 
donna 'contralto at the Metropolitan 
Opera House in New York, that she 
has held the same position at the 
Opera Comique in Paris, Coven t Gar- 
Jen, London, Theatre de la Monnaie, 
Brussels, and under Manager Ham- 
merstein at the Manhattan Opera 




House in New York City, they will 
realize the value of an evening pro- 
gram as presented by this talented 
woman. 

Mme. Gerville-Reache will be heard 
at Simpson Auditorium January 17. 



Harry Clifford Lott is announcing 
a duo of recitals to be given at Cum- 
nock hall on Thursday evening, Janu- 
ary 26, and Thursday evening, Febru- 
ary 23. The first program will be a 
miscellaneous one; the majority of 
•the songs to be in English. A group 
of German numbers and one from the 
French are to be given; also three 
Browning poems. The second pro- 
gram will be dev^*--- 1 — 1 nf. ; vely to 
the musical setting of poems bv Ruy- 
yard Kipling. 

Last Wednesday evening the sec- 
ond "world premiere" of the present 
season took place when Humper- 
dinck's new opera, "Konigskinder," 
was produced in New York. The re 1 
views are not yet to hand, but will 
be summarized in our next issue. 



The rights to the English version 
of Pucinni's new opera, "The Girl of 
the Golden West," are owned by 
Henry W. Savage and he is planning 
to produce it in the near future, 
which event will mark his re-entry 
into the field of grand opera. It is 
Mr. Savage's intention to duplicate 
the scenic equipment employed in the 
Metropolitan production and assemble 
a cast of artists in keeping with the 
rank, dignity and artistic require- 
ments of Belasco's drama and Pucin- 
ni's score. The dramatic values of 
"The Girl of the Golden West" are 
familiar to nearly every theatregoer 
and Mr. Savage's production of the 
opera in English will be awaited with 
anticipation among all discriminating 
lovers of music. 

Mr. Savage secured ■ the option on 
the English rights to the opera from 
Signor Pucinni long before it was 
written, basing his judgment on the 
success attained with "Madame But- 
terfly" in English. 



Tn the current number of Musical 
America Mme. Lillian Nordica voices 
the already frequently expressed opin- 
ion that Puccini's American opera 
should have been interpreted first by 
American singers and should if possi- 
ble have been sung inthe English lan- 
guage. It does seem strange that on 
an occasion which marked so con- 
spicuously an advance step in Ameri- 
ca's musical life, the famous Ameri- 
can opera stars should have been 
omitted from the cast. 



"Woggs — "So veiling Sanhend and his 
father are enrryintr nn the business?" 

Boggs — "Yes. The. old man does 
the business while vouug Saphead does 
the carrying on. — Puck. 



The Jester's Bells 



Mrs. Guzler — Aren't you ashamed 
to come home in this condition. 

Mr. Guzzler — Mortified to death, my 
dear. I find that my capacity isn't 
what it used to be. — ^Philadelphia 
Record. 



"The directors of the road were a 
precious lot of grafters." 

"You, don't Say so?" 

"Yes, every last man of them had 
his appendix removed, and charged the 
cost to operating expenses." — Puck. 



"Is 'the first edition of your novel 
exhausted yet?" 

"No. Why?" 

"I thought it might be from stand- 
ing so long on the counters." — Bos- 
ton Transcript. 



"That's queer." "What is?" 

"Eighteen people waited on me and 
urged me to run for office this year, 
and only eleven voted for me." — 
Detroit Free Press. 



Stopping for Repairs 
The rumbling and groaning train 
had been toiling along from Memphis, 
Tenn., toward Bald Knob, Ark., all 
through the hot afternoon. The stops 
had been frequent, but at last came 
one of unusual duration. After a tire- 
some interval, the conductor walked 
back through the mosquito punc- 
tuated aisles until bis glance met a 
symoathefic face. He bent over the 
kindlv looking passenger, and whis- 
pered: 

"Stranger, have you a bit of string 
about you? The engine's broke." — 
Everybody's. 



"Mv son," remarked the stern par- 
ent, "when I was your age I had very 
little time for frivolous diversions." 
"Well," replied the young man, "you 
didn't miss much. Believe me. this gay 
iife isn't what it looks to be." — Wash- 
ington Star. 



Unwitting Slander 

A western bookseller wrote to a 

house in Chicago asking that a dozen 

Monies pf Canon Farrar's "Seekers 

After God" be shipped to him at 

OIT'C 

Within two davs he received this 
re™lv by telegraph: 

"No seekers after God in Chicago 
or New York.; try Philadelphia." — 
Everybody's. 



"T= it s-pnuine Chippendale?" 

'Absolutelv, sir — " 

"But this looks like a crack right 
across — " 

"Dn"e bv Chippendale himself, sir, 
in a fit of rage when he heard the 
union had called the men out." — 
Punch. 



Mr. Murray, irritable from long 
confinement tn a s ; ckbed, cocked up 
his ears and listened. 

"Phat's a" $i.-:t piano-hanqrin' in 
th' parlor?" be then demanded, glar- 
ing at his wife. 

" 'Tis our daughter Mary takin' her 
first steps in piano-playing," rejoined 
his wife. 

"Her first c teo c ! Phat's she doin' 
wall-in' on the knybn.-ird?" — Lippin- 
cntt's. 



Saved 

Ashley — Swaggler fell out of- a 
twentieth-storv window of the Skyler 
apartment and wasn't even bruised. 

Sn-mour — How did he escape? 

Ashlev — He alighted on the roof of 
the nineteen-story building next door. 
— Chicago News. 



One Way cf Killing Them.— He 

had besought the pharmaceutical 
chemist to give him something with 
which he might kill moths, and the 
pharmaceutical chemist had supplied 
him with camphor balls; but the next 
day he was back again, holding some 
of the fragments .of the balls in his 
hand. 

"Are yez. the same young mar) 
phwat sold them things to me yister- 
day?" he roared. 

"I am," replied the pharmaceutical 
chemist, composedly. "What's wrong 
with them?" 

"Phwat's wrong with thim?" re- 
peated the irate purchaser. "The 
idea av sellin' thim things to kill 
moths or anything else! See here! 
If yez can show me the man that can 
hit a moth wid a single wan av thim, 
I'll say nuthin' about the ornimints 
an' lookin' glass me an' the missus 
broke." — Answers. 



It Always Beats 
The minister was addressing the 
Sunday school. "Children, I want to 
talk to you for a few moments about 
one of the 'most wonderful, one of 
the most important organs in the 
whole world," he said. "What is it 
that throbs away, beats away, never 
stopping, never 'ceasing, whether you 
wake or sleep, night or day, week in 
and week out, month in and month 
out, year in and year out, without 
any volition on your part, hidden 
away in the depths, as it were, un- 
seen by you, throbbing, throbbing, 
throbbing rythmically all your life 
long?" During this pause for ora- 
torical effect a small voice was heard: 
"I know. It's the gas-meter." — Tit 
Bits. 

"Some are so intensely modern that 
they prefer a Corot to a Rembrandt!" 

"If it's a better hill-climber I don't 
blame 'em. Me for that car every 
time!" — Puck. 



One of the Strikers — I've lost me 
best hat-pin, Lizzie! Another — Where 
did you leave it last?- The First — 
Oh, I remember, now! I left it stick- 
ing in that scab, Rachel Lispinsky! — 
Puck. 



"The next event," said the an- 
nouncer at the country fair, "will he 
a sack race for girls. Professionals 
barred." 

"What do you mean by profes 
sionals?" 

"Those who have been wearing 
hobble skirts." — Kansas City Journal. 



"What was the happiest moment of 
your life?" asked the sweet girl. "The 
happiest moment of my life," answer- 
ed the old bachelor, "was when the 
jeweler took back an engagement ring 
and gave me sleeve-links in ex- 
change." — Canadian Courier. 



Rusty Rufus — Say, Tom, wouldn't 
it be great ef youse could git all de 
eat an' drink youse wanted by jist 
nressin' a 'lectric button? Tired 
Thomas — It shore would — ef I bed 
somebody ter press de button fer me. 
— Chicago Daily News. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art. 
Science. Studios and Halls for all 
purposes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information apply to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway, 232 S. Hill St. Los Angeles, Cal. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board ol Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



PUBLIC WORK BY STREETS 
1st St. Tunnel; N., 

and N. W. 1 
mining a r ing the ini- 

I 
from Bi Fre- 

mont full width of First 

St Rc:\ to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
3rd St.; pet. irom Frank I. M 

r in E. 3rd St. from 
todia Si-. Ref. to lid. of 
Wks. 
6th St.; ord. of intention for light- 
- xth St. between Main St. and 
Alameda St. and installing ornament- 
al posts therefor. Adopted. 

8th St.; ord. of intention I 
the widening of Eighth St. bet. Cen- 
tral Ave. and the westerly line of 
the official bed of the Los Angeles 
river. Filed until the interested prop- 
erly owners file a petition with the 
Council representing 51 per cent front- 

18th St.; ordinance authorizing 
property owners to construct a sewer 
under Private Contract, in 18th street 
between Naomi Ave. and Tennessee 
St. Adopted. 

36th and McClintock; pet. from J. F. 
-key. ct al. for an electric light 
at corner of said streets. Ref. to Bd. 
Puli. Wks. 

53rd St.; pet. from Albert Hoffman, 
et al. protesting against lowering of 
sidewalk on E. 53rd St. between Mc- 
Kinley and Central Aves. Set for 
hearing Jan. 3. 

Third Ave; final ord. for the pav- 
ing of Third Ave. from Pico St. to 
935 feet northerly. Adopted. 

Ave. 43; pet. from Katie H. Groene, 
for the improvement of Ave. 43, be- 
tween Pasadena Ave. and 350 feet west 
of Pasadena Ave. to right of way of 
Santa Fe R. R., Bond Act. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Ave. 65; pet. from E. C. Kulli, for 
improvement of Ave. 65 between Pol- 
lard and Meridian Sts. Ref. to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Adelaide St.; City Eng. instructed 
to present to the Council an ordinance 
changing the name of Adelaide St. 
between Ezra St. and Camulos St. to 
"Oregon St." instead of "Oregon 
Ave.," as petitioned for. 

Adair St., between Washington and 
East 21st St.; sewer ordered con- 
structed. 

Adams St.; pet. from Percy H. 
Clark, for sewering, by private con- 
tract, of Adams St. between Arling- 
ton and 7th Ave. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Arlington St.; ord. establishing the 
name of Arlington St. between Pico 
St. and Twentieth St. Adopted. 

This ordinance is adopted to clear 
up legal defects. 

Bellevue Ave.; ord. establishing the 
;: tde of Bellevue Ave. from Coro- 
nado St. to Sonoma St. Adopted. 

North Broadway; protest of C. E. 
Donnatin et al., against change in 



i.l Buena Vista Si-. 
Continued to Jan. 3d. 

Ncrth Broadway; ordinance i 
lishing the line- of, Chang n 

ing the name of. and fixing and 
establishing the curb line., of North 
Broadway adjacent to the abutment of 
the pr i I'ltict opposite the 

Elysian 
Park, and fixing and establishing the 
name of that portion of North 
Broadway west of the Los Angeles 
River lying north of North Broad 
way; a. id changing and establishing 
the name as Carmella St. Adopted. 

Boyd St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Boyd St. between Los Angeles 
St. and San Pedro St. Adopted. 

Burlington Ave.; ord. of intention 
to improve Burlington Ave. between 
Miramar St. and Ocean View Ave. 
Adopted. 

Commercial St.; ordinance fixing 
and establishing the curb line on 
each side of Commercial street be- 
tween Main street and New High 
street. Adopted. Also establishing 
the grade of Commercial street from 
New High street to Main street. 
Adopted. 

College St., from Rafnona to N. 
Broadway; protests against change of 
grade. Set for hearing Jan. iO. 

Cole Ave; ord. establishing the 
grade of Cole Ave. from Santa Moni- 
ca blvd. to Melrose ave. Adopted. 

Cosme St.; ord. establishing the 
grade of Cosme St. from Marengo St. 
to a point 100 feet southerly there- 
from. Adopted. 

Cypress Ave.; ord. establishing the 
grade of Cypress Ave. from the north 
boundary line of the city to Pepper 
Ave. Adopted. 

Country Club Drive; pet. from 
Robert Marsh & Co., calling attention 
to the unsafe condition of the 
bridges on Country Club Drive and 
Mesa Ave. and requesting that the 
Council take some action for the 
safeguarding of these bridges. Grant- 
ed. Bd. Pub. Wks. instructed ac- 
cordingly. 

Commercial St.; ord. establishing 
the name of Commercial St. between 
Main St. and New High St. Adopted. 

Citrrs Ave.; ord. fixing and estab- 
lishing the curb line on each side of 
Citrus Ave. between Wilson Ave. and 
the south boundary line of the city. 
Adopted. 

Denker Ave.; ord. of intention to 
improve Denker Ave. between Santa 
Barbara Ave. and a point 487.50 feet 
southerly. Adopted. 

Dayton Ave.: ord. abandoning all 
proceedings for the opening and 
widening of Dayton Ave. from Ave. 
20 to Pasadena Ave. Adopted. 

Douglas St.; pet. from J. P. Jones. 
et al. for the improvement of Doug- 
las St. between Court St. and Colton 
St.. Bond Act. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Figuerca St., from Boston St. to 



; for hear- 

i Hi. 

Florence Ave.; ord. fixing and es- 

ii rb line on each 

■ . en Sunset 

Boulevard and Wilson Vve. Adopted. 

Hope St., between 37th and 
St-.: pri itesl againsl opi ning of said 

street. Dcni 

Hasse St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove M i--c St. between Sierra St. 
and the east city boundary. Adopted. 

Hoover St.; pet. from So. Hoover 
and W. Vernon Imp, Assn. request- 
ing Council to make a deal with tiie 
Railway Co. whereby the Railway Co. 
-hall deel its private right of way to 
the City and in return receive a fran- 
chise from Santa Barbara Ave. to the 
city limits, thus bringing Hoover St. 
into such a -tatus that it may be im- 
proved and sewers laid and crossings 
at street grade established. Ref. to 
the City.Atty. and 'Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Ivarene Ave.; ord. establishing the 
curb lines on Ivarene Ave. between 
Vine St. and Whittier Ave. Adopted. 

Lillian Way; ord. establishing the 
grade of Lillian Way from Santa 
Monica Boulevard to Melrose Ave 
Adopted. 

Lillian Way, Willoughby io Mel- 
rose; pet. from A. C. Parsons for 
permission to improve by priv. con- 
tract. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Lord St.; final ord. for the sewer- 
ing of Lord St. from Arroyo de los 
Posos main -ewer to Judson street. 
Adopted. 

Long View Ave.; ord. establishing 
the curb line on each side of Long 
View Ave. between Vine St. and 
Roberts Ave. Adopted. 

Main St.; ord. fixing and establish- 
ing the curb line on each side of 
Main St. between Slauson Ave. and 
Manchester Ave. Adopted. 

Also ord. establishing the grade of 
-Main St. from Slauson Ave. to Man- 
chester Ave. Adopted. 

Mesa St., San Pedro; final ord. 
ordering the construction of a sewer 
in Mesa St., from 22d to 20th Sts. 
Adopted. 

Mateo St. Spur Track; ordinance 
extending the time for the completion 
of a railway spur track to cross Santa 
Fe Ave. and Mateo St.. as provided 
by Ordinance No. 20,637 (New Series) 
for a period of six months from Jan- 
uary 26th. Adopted. 

Metzler Drive; pet. from Frank 
McDonnell, et al, asking the Council 
to take the necessary proceedings to 
erect all retaining walls necessary for 
the opening and excavating to grade, 
Metzler Drive from North Broadway 
north to the point where the road runs 
west, at the expense of the city. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

McKinley Ave.; ord. establishing 
the name of that certain street known 
as "McKinley Avenue" lying be- 



Ave. 
Mountain View Ave.; pet. of David 
for change of name 

i evv Ave. from 
\\ ilshil i Boul ■ i. to I Mountain 

Boulevard. 
Granted. 

Melrose Ave.; ord establishing the 
of Melrose We. from Cole 
Ave. to Lillian Way. \dopted. 

Melrose Ave. Cole Ave. to Lillian 
Way; pet. from A. C. Parsons for 
permission to improve by priv. con- 
'tract. Kef. to lid. Pub. Wks. 

Normandie Ave.; ord. of intention 
to improve Normandie Ave. from 
Sunset Blvd. to Hollywood Blvd. 
Adopted. 

New Depot St., from Figueroa to 
College; protests against change of 
grade. Set for hearing Jan. 10. 

Olive Ave.; pet. from C. G. Whit 
tier, et al, for the improvement of 
Olive Ave. between Gower and Vine 
Sts.. Bond Act. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Pico St.; ordinance of intention to 
improve Pico St. between Second 
Ave. and Alta Ave. Adopted 

Sichel St.; pet. from Olson J. Ives, 
et al., for an arc lamp on Sichel St. 
bet. Aves. 26 and 2S. Ref. to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Stephenson Ave., bet. Avery St. and 
Santa Fe Ave.; Council ordered new 
sewer built on northerly side of said 
street. 

Stephenson Ave.; pet. from City of 
Whittier, submitting resolution re- 
questing the Council to repair Steph- 
enson Ave. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Spence St.; final ord. for improving 
Spence St. from 7th St. to Venice 
Ave. Adopted. 

San Pasqual Ave.; resolution au- 
thorizing condemnation proceedings 
to be brought in the name of the city 
to acquire for street and other muni- 
cipal purposes lands between the 
southeasterly line of San Pasqual Ave. 
and a point 21 feet east of the cast 
boundary line of the city. Adopted. 

Stanford Ave.; final ord. for improv 
ing Sianford Ave. from 45th St. to 
135 feet northerly. Adopted. 

Tropico Road District; pet. from 
Minnie G. Brown, for the vacation of 
certain streets, etc., in Tropico Road 
District. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Terrace Drive; ord. abandoning all 
proceedings for vacation of a portion 
of Terrace Drive lying between Lots 
46, 47, 48. 49, 50. 51. 52, 5,5, 69 and 70. 
Block E, of North Ely-ian Hi 
No. 2. Adopted. 

Townsend St.; ord. establishing the 
ide of Townsend St. from Foun- 
tain Ave. to Santa Monica boulei 
Adopted. 

Townsend St.; ord, establishing the 
grade of Townsend St. from Santa 
a Bh d. to M venue. 

Adppti 

Temple St.; in regar 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



of the Council to compel the Los An- 
geles Pacific Railway Company to 
construct a bridge on Vermont Ave. 
across Temple St. or to compel the 
company to make a fill in Temple St. 
City Atty. reported that there can be 
no question as to the legal right of 
the Council so to do. 

City Atty. also reported that he 
had conferred with said company and 
they will decide on a course of ac- 
tion within a week. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Tow'nsend St., Willoughby to Mel- 
rose; pet. from A. C. Parsons for 
permission to improve by private 
contract. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Victorine St.; ord. establishing the 
name of Victorine St. extending from 
Sierra St. easterly. Adopted. 

Vernon Ave. Bill Boards; pet. from 
J. P. Brett, complaining of the con- 
dition of Bulletin Boards at 1695 
Vernon Ave. Ref. to Bd. of Health 
for immediatae attention. 

Vermont and Western; report of 
the Board of Park Commissioners, 
requesting that the Council instruct 
the City Engineer to make surveys 
for the extension of Vermont and 
Western Aves. to a connection with 
Griffith Park, these entrances to con- 
nect with Vermont Ave. and Moco- 
huenga Canyon. Adopted. 

Victor Ave.; pet. from C. W. Syl- 
vester, et al, for the improvement of 
Victor Ave. and St. Andrews Place 
between Maplewood Ave. and Melrose 
Ave., Bond Act. Also for change of 
name of Victor Ave. to St. Andrews 
Place between Santa Monica St. and 
Melrose Ave. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
Westmoreland Ave.; ord. abandon- 
ing all proceedings for the opening 
of Westmoreland Ave. from Ninth 
St. to San Marino St. Adopted. 

Willoughby and Waring Aves.; pet. 
from A. C. Parsons for permission to 
improve, by privaate contract, Will- 
oughby Ave. from Cole Ave. to Vine 
St. and Waring Ave., from Cole Ave. 
to Lillian Way. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Western Ave., Park Tract; pet. 
from J. W. Dolan Co. for vacation of 
portions of certain alleys in Block 
B, Western Ave. Park Tract. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Waring Ave.; ord. establishing the 
grade of Waring Ave. from Cole Ave. 
to Vine St. Adopted. 

Alleys; ord. of intention to im- 
prove first Alley east of Los An- 
geles street between Third street and 
Boyd street. Adopted. Also, the 
first alley south of Third St. between 
the alley east of Los Angeles 'St. and 
San Pedro St.; also the first alley 
north of Boyd St. between Wall St. 
and San Pedro St. Adopted. 

Alleys; pet. from A. I. Shapiro, ask- 
ing for the changing and establishing 
of the grade of the first alley south of 
First St. from Witmer St. to Lucas 
Ave., and also of the first alley west 
of Lucas Ave. from Second St. to the 
alley north, and thereafter for the 
improvement of said alleys to the 
changed grade of said alleys. Denied. 
Also, petition from W. S. Fuller- 
ton, et al, asking for the improve- 
ment of tlie first alley south of First 
St. from Witmer St. to the first 



alley west of Lucas Ave. and of the 
first alley west of Lucas Ave. from 
Second St. to the alley north, to the 
present established grade. Granted. 

Alley; ordinance extending time 
with which to commence proceedings 
for condemnation of property for 
opening of alley to a width of 20 feet 
from 8th to 9th Sts. between Main and 
Los Angeles Sts. Adopted. 



BIDS RECEIVED 



3rd St.; for improving from Sara- 
toga St. to 341 feet southeast of Sara- 
toga St.; also a portion of Savannah 
St. 

Buena Vista St.; for sewer con- 
struction from Temple St. to Fort 
Moore Place. 

Cincinnati St.; for improving from 
Forest to Evergreen. 

Francis Ave.; for improving from 
Vermont to 701 feet east. 

Normandie Ave,; for improving 
from Washington to Jefferson. 

North Broadway; for improving 
from Ave. 18 to 62 feet east of the 
L. A. River. 

Westmoreland Ave.; for improving 
from 7th to 9th Sts. 

Waterloo St.; for improving from 
Reservoir St. to 291 feet south of El- 
sinore St. 



BIDS AWARDED 



Ave. 18; for street improvement 
from N. Broadway to Mozart St. 

Broadway; for sewer construction 
from Fort Moore Place to 89 feet 
northeast of California St. 

Bcnita Place; for street improve- 
ment from Selma Ave. to Sunset Blvd. 

Buena Vista St.; for sewer con- 
struction from Sunset Blvd. to Fort 
Moore Place. 



GENERAL LEGISLATION 

Bill Boards; City Atty. instructed 
to prepare an ordinance regulating 
bill boards. 

Bonfires; ord. amending present 
ord. so that property owners and resi- 
dents of the city formerly the City 
of Hollywood, can burn waste pap 
ers, shavings, etc. Adopted. 

Charter Commission Thanked; 
Council extended to charter revision 
committee a vote of thanks for ser- 
vice rendered. 

Charter Amendments; ordinance 
providing for amendments to charter 
and ordering same submitted to a 
vote of the people. Adopted. 

New City Clerk; Lorin A. Handley 
appointed by Council for unexpired 
term of City Clerk. 

City Clerk Investigation; investiga- 
tion of office of City Clerk ordered 
'carried on under direction of City 
Auditor. 

Cow Limits; recommendation of 
■ Bd. of Health that cow limits be ex- 
tended from 38th and Hooper to Ver- 
non and west on Vernon to South 
Park. Ref. to Pub. Welfare Com. 

City Engineer not to Go to Paving 
Conference; request of the Mayor that 
an appropriation of $250 be allowed 
the City Engineer for the purpose of 
attending the Convention of the Or- 
ganization of City Officials for the 



Standardizing of Paving Specifica- 
tions, to be held in New York. 
Denied. 

Electric Signs; pet. from W. H. 
Clune, et al., asking for an amend- 
ment to ordinance with reference to 
electric signs on the tops of build- 
ings. Ref. to Fire Com. 

Eastlake Park; contract for merry- 
go-round privilege awarded to Louis 
Gahard for two years, for $1,200. 

Firemen's Pension Fund Wanted; 
Fire Com. recommended that Council 
provide by charter amendment a fire- 
men's relief and pension fund, also 
a police relief and pension fund. Ref. 
to Charter Revision Com. 

Ferry; petition for ferry franchise 
from Wilmington to Terminal Island. 
Denied, as city will probably establish 
a municipal ferry as promised prior 
to consolidation. 

Fire Escapes; pet. of T. Wiesen- 
danger, et al. asking an amendment 
to the building ordinance, relative to 
fire escapes. Ref. to a Com. of the 
Whole. 

Howard Tract; ordinance accepting 
the offer of dedication for alley pur- 
poses of a certain private avenue 
shown in the Howard Tract. Adopted. 

Industrial District; pet. from Ed- 
ward Bell, et al, asking the council 
to establish an industrial dist. on both 
sides of Central Ave. bet. 50th and 
51st streets, including the lot known 
as 1122 E. 50th St. so as to enable 
the establishment of shops that will 
have 10 h. p. motors in that district. 
Ref. to Pub. Welfare Com. 

Industrial District; pet. from E. W. 
Foster recommending that Main St. 
from 11th to 36th Sts. be included in 
the Industrial district. Ref. to Pub. 
Welfare Com. 

Liquor Ordinance; resolution from 
the Civic Righteousness Committee 
of the Church Federation, protesting 
against proposed amendment of the 
Liquor Ordinance. Filed. 

Lights in Gardena; pet. from G. L. 
Leese for electric lights in Gardena. 
Ref. to Bd. of Pub. Wks. with in- 
structions that they investigate and if 
possible that they install some lights 
immediately. 

More Money For Civil Service; re- 
port of the Civil Service Commission 
requesting the appropriation of $1000, 
approximately $750 of which will be 
used for examination expenses and 
$250 in the publication of their an- 
nual report. Granted. 

Municipal Ferry; resolution author- 
izing Bd. Pub. Wks. to advertise for 
bids and to award and enter into the 
necessary contract for a municipal 



ferry boat and landings. Adopted. 
This is intended for the municipal fer- 
ry between San Pedro, Wilmington 
and Terminal Island. 

Metal Window Frames; pet. from 
the So. Cal. Window Co. asking for 
amendment to Ord. 19900, relating 
to metal frames. Ref. to Bldg. Insp. 

Maternity Hospital; request of the 
Board of Health that the sum of $25 
per month be appropriated to the . 
maintenance of the Maternity Hos- 
pital on South Utah St. Granted. 

New Subdivision; map of Tract No. 
647 a new subdivision lying west of 
Western Avenue and north of Pico 
St. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Old Reservoir; message of the 
Mayor requesting that the Park De- 
partment be authorized to lay pipe 
connecting the old reservoir with 
Eastlake Park. Ref. to City Atty. 

Picketing; pet. from Fred C. Wheel- 
er, asking that no jail sentences be 
given for picketing. Filed. 

Railway Extensicn Wanted; pet. 
from L. M. Story, et al., for exten- 
sion of railway from Sunsel blvd. past 
Griffith Park at Ivanhoe. Filed. 

Safety Devices for Elevators; re- 
port of the Boiler Inspector, request- 
ing an amendment to Ord. No. 19128, 
requesting each passenger elevator to 
be equipped with an automatic de- 
vice, which will prevent the starting 
of the elevator while the door is open 
and which will also prevent the door 
being opened when the elevator is 
not level with the floor. Adopted and 
the City Atty. instructed to prepare 
ord. 

Tract No. 1C60; Map adopted. 

Tract No. 269; Map adopted. 

Traffic Ordinance; new ord. to regu- 
late traffic on city sts. Adopted. 

San Pedro Street Names; pet. from 
San Pedro Cham, of Com., suggest- 
ing certain changes in names of sts. 
in San Pedro. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Traffic Regulation; Council ordered 
an ordinance prepared regulating the 
orening of manholes and repairing of 
conduits in congested districts dur- 
ing busy hours of the day; also to 
regulate the repairing and laying of 
tracks during busy hours. Legislation 
Com. was requested to consider the 
erection of safety stations at Tem- 
ple Block and junction of Main, 
Spring and 9th Sts 

Violet St. Playground; request of 
the Playground Com. for authority 
to use approximately $1500 of its 
funds for improvements on the club 
house at Violet Street Playground. 
Granted. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from Dec. 21 to 27, inclusive, showing 
comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1909 and 1908: 

1910. 1909. 1908. 

December 21 $3 200,733.14 $2,840,405.39 $1,460,038.14 

December 22 -....; 2,633,357.63 2,101,896.54 1,405,596.93 

December 23 2.342,673.67 2,067,167.50 1.525,725.62 

December 24 2.374,222.28 2,670,070.55 1,640,339.79 

December 26 Holiday 2,140,373.08 1.837,542.31 

December 27 3,311,070.67 2,585,093.47 Holiday 

Total $13,862,057.39 $14,405,006.53 $7,869,242.79 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



I ■ 



BUILDING PERMITS 

1910, 
l J. Backus, Chief Inspec- 
tor rmits 
which are 

\. Rfcd Concrete 2 $169,183 

.. 34 SI, 503 

...3 

. . . . 1 25,000 

Churches (all classes)... 1 180 

ity). 7 75,100 

rame)...I28 20,103 

I itions only 1 1,200 

Brick alterations 33 26,795 

Frame alterations 166 48.906 

litions 1 100 

Miscellaneous 1 1,000 

ml total 684$1,272,180 

Comparisons with last year: 

From Dec. 1st to Dec. 
23rd. 1909, inclusive. . .546 $1,047/22 
Compile.! by Mark C. Colin, Chief 

Clerk.. 



NO CAUSE FOR ALARM 



OUR INDUSTRIAL MASSACRE 



LET THE CANAL BE REALLY 
THE PEOFLE'S HIGHWAY 



Congress will do well to act favor- 
ably upon President Taft's recommen- 
dation that the interstate railroads be 
F ehted by Law from engaging in 
the steamship business between east- 
ern and western coast ports, via Pan- 
ama, when the canal is completed. 

If the railroads are permitted to es- 
tablish steamship lines through the 
canal, it means that the history of the 
Southern Pacific's scandalous use of 
the Pacific Mail, to discourage sea 
traffic and divert it to its own lines, 
will be repeated. By some shrewd 
trick and manipulation under cover, 
the transcontinental systems, of 
which there are now three in Califor- 
nia, will put themselves in a position 
to dominate the sea route again, thus 
rendering the canal of no great prac- 
tical value, so far as water competition 
is concerned. 

Congress undoubtedly has authority 
to carry out the President's wishes. 
Since it already has enacted a law 
which prohibits the ownership in a 
single company of parallel railroad 
lines, which should be competitive, it 
is apparent that it also has the Con- 
stitutional power to prevent a railroad 
from owning or controlling a steam- 
ship company that would be only a 
nominal competitor. 

The Panama Canal should be what 
it was intended to be, the people's 
highway, a guarantee of cheap passen- 
ger and freight transportation, abso- 
lutely free from the taint of monop- 
oly. — Sacramento Bee. 



CHARTER AMENDMENTS TO BE 

EXPLAINED AT CITY CLUB 

LUNCHEON TODAY 



At the regular weekly luncheon of 
the City Club to be held at the West- 
minster Hotel today (Saturday) at 
12:15 p. m. Lewis R. Works will 
speak on "The Proposed Charter 
Amendments." 



New York dispatches have it that 
I is threatening that in the 
lorni legislation being 
sidered at the pi I Con- 

direful financial happenings 
shall conic upon the country. 

But Secretary of the Treasury Mc- 
i announces that "So far as the 
financial situation of the country is 
concerned, it is absolutely sound. I 
have," he -ays, "absolutely no appre- 
hension of any depression." 

etary Wilson of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, adds his mite of 
comfort as follows: 

"There is," he says, "no better ex- 
ponent of the'prosperity of our coun- 
try than the fact that we have abun- 
dant crops and employment for labor 
all lines, insuring a demand for 
those crops. All considerations jus- 
tify the conclusion that the agricul-. 
tural condition of the country is pros- 
perous today and promising for the 
future." 

The Nation's finances are sound; 
there arc abundant crops. Why, then, 
should the country be in danger of 
depression? 

There can be no depression unless 
it be deliberately brought about by 
Wall Street to intimidate Congress. 

And if Wall Street takes such a 
course, there will be but one thing 
for the country to do, clip the claws 
of Wall Street; take away its danger- 
ous power to work the whole Nation 
injury. — San Francisco Star. 



A Vital Difference 



Our political life is, and must al- 
ways be, in the hands of three classes 
of men — bosses, demagogues and gen- 
uine leaders. And while it is certain 
that the day of bosses is passing, it is 
not equally certain that their places 
will always be taken by genuine lead- 
ers, rather than by demagogues. In 
any meeting of men, the meeting as a 
whole can not possibly take the ini- 
tiative, and every one speak at once. 
Some individual must take the lead, 
be it only to declare the meeting open, 
or to nominate a temporary chair- 
man. So, throughout the conduct of 
a meeting, every act, every resolution 
must proceed from some individual, 
even when it represents the will of 
the whole body, and is, in fact, in- 
dorsed and voted for by the whole 
body. All political action, must, there- 
fore originate in individuals, no mat- 
ter how democratic our political sys- 
tem may be. And the emergence of 
these individuals is determined rather 
by natural selection than by popular 
vote, which can not, indeed, be exer- 
cised until after they have emerged. 
It will remain to be seen whether 
these originating individuals are to be 
bosses, demagogues, or real leaders, 
men of wisdom and good-will. The 
bosses are those who, by bribes of 
various sorts, more or less corrupt 
as the case 'may be, have already got 
hold of the voters and can "swing 
them into line," as the phrase runs. 
But it is becoming evident, and daily 
more evident, that the American peo- 
ple are waking up to the evil of this 
system of corrupt consideration, 
whether on a small or a large scale, 
and are determined to get rid of it, 
root and branch. — Charles Johnston, 
in the Citizens' Bulletin, Cincinnati. 



The Literary Digest, published 
weekly in New York, is quite the re- 
verse of other periodicals. Instead 
of furnishing original items, articles 
or editorials, it gives an able digest 
of the news, opinions, thoughts, and 
reviews of important papers and mag- 
azines the world over. 



Half a million employees of the 
various industries throughout the 
United States are killed or incapaci- 
tated ever) at the 
low average of $500 apiece, this means 
!i loss to the country of $250,- 
000,000 annually. Accordin 
petent engineers half of tl 
unnecessary, an. I could he previ 
if emploj 1 1 - wi mid adopl bhose safe- 
guards which are being successfully 
used abroad. Through the failure of 
American employers to adopt these 
safeguards we are losing, unneces- 
sarily, the service of 250,000 workers 
annually, which, at the lowest com- 
putation, are worth. $125,000,000. 

An industrial .massacre of thousands 
of wage-earners took place last year 
and raised no outcry, perhaps because 
the killings and maimings were spread 
over twelve months throughout the 
entire country. That massacre is 
continuing today. Besides the money 
loss, think of the wives widowed 1 and 
the children made fatherless; of the 
pain and the sorrow. Obviously, the 
wage earning capacity of the great 
majority of laborers is not enough to 
enable them to lay aside a sum suffi- 
cient for the emergency of accident, 
disease or old age. More particularly 
is this true when the rearing of a 
large family is in question, and during 
unproductive periods. 
_ No workman s'hould be forced by 
circumstances into accepting charity. 
The American laboring man's only 
capital is his ability to perform his 
daily work, and this ihe hazards 
against disease and accident. The 
Lord help him when he becomes old 
and is unable to work. There is 
nothing left for him but the poor- 
house or the grave. Has the time not 
come wlhen we should better such a 
condition? * * * — George F. How- 
ell in The Boston Common. 



THE NATIONAL MUNICIPAL 
LEAGUE 



(Continued from Page 7) 
great value to 1 adminis- 

trators. The constant and incn 

porl i test 

of their value. 

Tin ou| • cutii < officers the 

league is in constant touch with 
and national mo concerned 

with municipal questions. Supplying 
literature, answering inquiries; sug- 
gesting plans, ways, ami means, and 
coordinating the forces making for 
municipal improvement constitute 
their every-day duties ami activities. 
The constantly increasing correspond- 
ence is a further indication of the use- 
fulness of the league in this direction. 

The president of the National Mu- 
nicipal League is the Hon. Charles J. 
Bonaparte of Baltimore, a member of 
President Roosevelt's Cabinet, first as 
Secretary of the Navy and later as 
Attorney-General. The treasurer is 
George Burnham, Jr., of Philadelphia, 
who, until his retirement from busi- 
ness, was a member of the firm ana 
treasurer of the Baldwin Locomotive 
Works. The secretary is Clinton 
Rogers Woodruff of Philadelphia. 

The vice-presidents are A. Law- 
rence Lowell, president of Harvard 
University; George McAneny, the 
president of the borough of Manhat- 
tan; Charles Richardson of Philadel- 
phia, one of the founders of the lea- 
gue; George W. Guthrie, for three 
years Mayor of Pittsburgh; Walter L. 
Fisher, the Chicago traction expert; 
Henry L. McCune, Kansas City, for- 
merly judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas; and Thomas N. Strong of 
Portland, Oregon; Horace E. Deming 
of New York is chairman of the exe- 
cutive committee. 



FOR SALE BY 



Remington Olmsted 

REAL ESTATE & INVESTMENTS 

630 Security Bldg. Phone F 1703 

San Rafael Heights 

The most beautiful and picturesque residence section near Los An- 
geles and Pasadena. Unsurpassed mountain view. Convenient to cars 
with every city convenience. The following properties are considerably 
under value: 
$2,500 — Corner Nithsdale avenue near Annandale Country Club. Size 

150x220. 
$2,500— Adjoining the above. Size 225x150. 

$6,000 — 'Corner San Rafael avenue. 134 acres, with several large pines 
and fine scenic effects. Size 350x210. 
$10,000 — About \Yn acres. Govered with live oaks. Large street frontage. 
$15,000 — San Rafael avenue. Eight-room modern house. About one 
acre well improved. A beautiful country home. 
Several Arroyo Ibluff sites. Three acres and up. The finest residence 
sites in Southern California. • 

For sale or rent. The most artistic suburban home near Los Angeles. 
Terminal Island (in Los Angeles city), seven-room cottage on 45 ft. 
lot. Well located with prospective business value. Price, $3,000. 

Glendale. Two lots 50x150 each in the center of town. Unus-.:al bar- 
gains. Price, $700 each. 

REMINGTON OLMSTED 

Real Estate and Investments, 630 Security Bldg. Phone F 1708 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE — 38x56 on ground, six large rooms, bath, screen porch, and 
cement porch 8x38 on lower floor; two large bedrooms, bath room, and 
sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. Built 
last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE— $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



DIRECTORY 



= Q Index to Qjusiness Houses, Professions, Etc. (J- 



APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

ARISTO ENGRAVING CO., 

Citizens National Bank Bldg., 3rd 
and Main Sts. 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 
BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 
HARRIS & FRANK, 
437-43 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones: Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



. PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Clasi Investments. 

STU/DIOS TO RENT 

BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broad way; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AND MOVING 

BEKIN 5, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 "roadway 3773 



Sunset Main 1566 



Home F-1853 



ress 



Largest and Most Up-to-date Printing Es- 
tablishment in the Southwest 
311 EAST FOURTH STREET LOS ANGELES- 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



i|DUflrktrninrj Aiiartmr-utB 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 




NEXT TIME YOU GO EAST TAKE 
ONE OF THESE TRAINS 

LOS ANGELES LIMITED— A palatial train of de luxe 
electric lighted drawing room and compartment sleepers, 
dining ear and observation-library buffet ear. Three days 
Los Angeles to Chicago via Salt Lake Route, Union Pacific 
and Chicago and Northwestern. 

Also through sleeper to Denver in two days. Leaves 
daily at 10:30 a. m. 

AMERICAN EXPRESS — A new limited train of sleeping 
cars, leaving Los Angeles daily at 2:00 p. m. for Chicago, 
Denver and Kansas City. Has dining ear to Salt Lake City/ 

Pickets and Information at 601 So. Spring St., Los Angeles 



ejjjsv Los Angeles Pacific Company 



SHORT 
LINE 
TO THE 

SEA. 



Electric Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 



TO a/uiiA MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 
along the ocean. A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced 
Guide with each car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los Angeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTIONS: An Ocean Voyage on Wheels— The 
Excursion Cars running a mile into the Ocean on Long Wharf at Port 
Los Angeles, the longest pleasure and fishing wharf in the world. At 
Santa Monica, free admission to the Camera Obscura, am exclusive at- 
traction for Balloon Route Excursionists only. FREE ADMISSION 
to the $20,000 Aquarium; and a FREE RIDE ON THE L. A. THOMP- 
SON SCENIC RAILWAY, the longest in the world, at Venice. (Sun- 
days excepted during July, August and September.) 

Last car leaves Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS 
ANGELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



_ _ _ The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

Mf LoWe derful of them all in diversity and beauty of its 

scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

== -= hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to 1 ourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 



PACIFIC OUILOOK 



Vol. X. Mo. 2 



Los Angeles, California, January 7, 1911 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



HOUR-GLASS AND SCYTHE 



Just as Nature lias thoughtfully provided 
us with gold, silver, nickel and copper in 
nient relative values for coinage, and 
with the foot and hand's breadth and the 
thousand steps (full swing of the leg) for 
measures, so she 1 i ; i < arranged the move- 
ments of earth, sun and moon for a neat 
and orderly division of time. The stupi 
savage could recognize the twenty-four 
period that we call a day. The bar- 
barian could approximate the year, with its 
change of seasons and journeying of the 
sun: but it took all the wisdom of our best 
civilization to work out the true year of 
365 days for three years, and then 366 for 
one. except that the century years are leap 
years only once in 400 years. Even that is 
not absolutely accurate, and when we get 
along to the year 10,000. eighty centuries 
hence, we must throw out one leap year 
every 10,COO vears and make the divisor 4,- 
000." 

Thus we note that the year is a dignified, 
intricate and altogether remarkable thing — 
on the very summit of practical human 
wisdom. 

Xo wonder then that we stand reverently 
uncovered and think great thoughts as one 
year comes to an end and another begins. 
We have not many of these precious beads 
on our string. At best there may be a hun- 
dred, but the most we expect is about 80. 
Life insurance tables will not give us any 
such figure, unless we are well advanced to- 
ward it. Real velvet begins about 60, and 
indeed the man who gets in fifty years of 
hard work, good times, growth of soul and 
a record of things done has no cause to rail 
at fortune — and that is the kind of man that 
does not whine, but is ready to face the 
finish — if he must — like a gentleman and a 
soldier. Better fifty years of real life than 
a cycle of monkey dinners. 

Farewell to you, then, year 1910, thou 
piece of man's life — fragment of human des- 
tiny. We love to think of you not for what 
you gave nor for what you took away from 
any one of us — insignificant pigmies that 
we are, mere atomic units in the vast pro- 
cession of the race — but for what measure 
of advance you have allotted to us in the 
mass, what the world has won, or maybe 
lost, as you turned the hour-glass back and 
over again twenty-four times three hundred 
and sixty-five. Let others make lists of the 
great ones who have passed beyond during 
this twelve month, the lords of finance and 
of industry, the wise, the lucky and perhaps 
even the good, and let others enter up the 
so-called chief events of the year, the disas- 
ters, inventions, enterprises, disputes, riots 
and political changes — all these matters 
have to do only with individuals, and they 
mean but little in the grand scheme of 
things — 'but for us there is the year as a 
whole and the world as a whole, and the 
great question: Was there progress — much 
or little? 

As we see it, there was progress, vast, 
splendid and almost terrifying, in the year 



To the Patrons of the 
California Weekly 




Y AUTHORITY OK 
our Board of Directors, 
I have turned over to 
the publishers of the 
Pacific Outlook the subscription list 
and whatever of good will attaches 
to the California Weekly. It will be 
necessary, under the postal regula- 
tions, for each subscriber to signify 
his willingness to receive the Pacific 
Outlook in lieu ot the California 
Weekly and this may be done by 
letter or postal card addressed to 
the Pacific Outlook. I ask as a 
personal favor that this willingness 
be at once signified, chiefly be- 
cause arrangements are making 
which seem likely to result in join- 
ing the forces which stand for 
Right Things — for the simul- 
taneous publication at San Fran- 
cisco and Los Angeles of a weekly 
paper that will be able to do what 
the California Weekly attempted 
to do and failed, through lack of 
advertising patronage. 

It will require a little time to 
bring this about and the first step 
toward it will be for each sub- 
scriber for the California Weekly 
to notify the Pacific Outlook of 
his willingness to accept that papa- 
in place of The Weekly. 

On behalf of the Pacific Out- 
look, I wish to say that it has ever 
stood for what the California 
Weekly stood for and is a good pa- 
per, though not what it will speedily 
become if the friends of The 
Weekly join forces with the friends 
of the Pacific Outlook in striving 
to give California a State Weekly 
worthy of the State. 

With great hopefulness for the 
enterprise, I am in entire sincerity, 
A. J. Pillsbury. Ed. Mgr. 
The California Wceklv 



1910. The world was better for man to live 

in at the end of the year than at the begin- 
ning. It was not only better materially — a 
form of progress that is insured to us by 
the ingenuity and energy of men — but it 
was also morally better. in the clearer un- 
derstanding among men of their relations 

to one another, in the growth of the al- 
truistic spirit, in the advance of democracy 
in government's ami in the better compre- 
hension of the practical problems that lie in 
the path of man's improvement. 

The world never moves fast enough to 
sati-fy the radical and it always mo\es too 
fast to satisfy the reactionary. The former, 
gifted with imagination and sympathy, sees 
the world as it ought to he, with poverty 
conquered and toil reduced to a minimum. 
and he will brook no delay in the forward 
march of events. The conservative, having 
enough of this world's goods to be com- 
fortable himself, and blandly oblivious of 
the sufferings of others, is thrilled with Fear 
at each threatened change, knowing that it 
may imperil his greasy contentment. Be- 
tween these stands the rational progressiv- 
ist, striving always for advance but wary of 
the haste that may precipitate wreckage. 
The extremes are stagnation on the one 
side and revolution on the other. The mid- 
dle ground is normal, social evolution. 

The year 1910 may fall far short of the 
hopes of the radical, and its significance 
may or may not be appreciated by the con- 
servative. But the year contained enough 
on the side of moral advance to fill the heart 
of the practical reformer with new hope. To 
mention only a few out of the many: The 
Lloyd-George budget, shifting a great bur- 
den of taxation from the poor to the rich 
and opening up the unused lands of Eng- 
land; understanding by the American peo- 
ple of the special interest form of taxation 
in the tariff; complete overthrow of the 
stand-pat idea in American legislation; de- 
struction of the corporation machine in 
California and in many other states; adop- 
tion of short ballot, direct legislation and 
commission system in 60 American cities. 
making a total of 100; acceptance of the 
doctrine that this government is and must 
be a democracy and the adoption of demo- 
cratic institutions in many states; extension 
of sanitary work in the cities and through 
the states; city planning and the attacks 
on the slum ; recognition of the fact that 
poverty is a crime of society as a whole and 
may be prevented; competitive merit sys- 
tem advances its lines; postal savings banks 
started; doctrine of "new nationalism." that 
the laws should be framed to give to every 
man, as far as practicable, the same oppor- 
tunity in life, promulgated by Roosevelt 
and generally accepted throughout the mid- 
dle states and the w< 

Yes; it was a goodly year and a vast 
gain over any of its predecessors. It is one 
of the hopeful things about progress that 
it compounds on itself, that it makes the 
food it feeds on. that as it supplies one de- 
mand it creates a dozen others. Thus we 
mav look for a still better year in l r 'll — 



Pacific outlo ok! 



and as for 1912, we fairly hold our breadth 
as we think of the great things scheduled 
for that important piece of eternity. 
$ «{■ $ 

THE VACANT CHAIR 



When Senator Dolliver, the 'big lion of 
Insurgency, died, it gave the Governor of 
Iowa a momentary chance of which he 
made the most possible. The Legislature 
meeting in January will elect Dolliver's suc- 
cessor, and that body is piogressive. But 
the Governor is a masked reactionary, a 
type with which we are all familiar, _ the 
man who is not in favor of having factions 
in our dear old party, and after he is elected 
you find he belongs to the other side. 

By this kind of a rear entrance process, 
the Senatorship of a day fell, to one "Lafe" 
Young, who edits a stand-pat, machine 
newspaper in the state of Iowa, and was 
perhaps entitled to some kind of compensa- 
tion for the pursuit of journalism under 
hard conditions. He will sit in the Senate 
about a month with three weeks checked 
out for holiday vacation. 

However, that was long enough for Lafe 
to show what sense of the fitness of things 
he does not possess. It was a chance for a 
live jackal to bark at a dead lion. Senator 
Cummins introduced a resolution calling for 
a revision of the tariff by separate schedules 
— a program now generally accepted by 
both parties — and the momentary occupant 
of Dolliver's seat made a speech, in which 
he lauded the Payne-Aldrich tariff as the 
best the country had ever seen, and declared 
that revision downwards was dangerous, 
and that the people of his state were more 
interested as producers in the raising of tar- 
iff, than as consumers in its reduction. This 
is exactly the reverse of the "Iowa idea" 
promulgated by Cummins and Dolliver, 
which gave that state a unique position in 
the first rank of Insurgency. 

Inasmuch as the dead man, whom the 
people of Iowa loved and followed, had 
fought the Payne-Aldrich bill and had de- 
nounced it as an iniquitous measure, and as 
the voters of that state had shown repeat- 
edly at the polls their agreement with that 
point of view, Mr. Young's declaration has 
rank only as a sublime piece of imperti- 
nence. 

There was a story our grand-fathers used 
to tell about John Randolph of Roanoke, 
the satirist of the House of Representatives 
in the early years of the last century, that 
seems to fit the situation. One of Ran- 
dolph's colleagues in the House from the 
state of Virginia, his nearest political friend 
and ally, died, and the people of that dis- 
trict elected in his place a young man of 
the variety now popularly known as "Smart 
Aleck," a youth with some gift of speech 
and a burning desire to get himself noticed. 
On the very first opportunity he secured the 
floor and delivered himself of a fierce attack 
on Randolph, evidently hoping to draw a 
reply that would give him a reflected fame. 
But Randolph sat through the whole of the 
speech, staring absently off into the dis- 
tance, and at the end, when there was ex- 
pectant silence, the old gladiator never 
moved. A day or two passed and Randolph 
spoke several times, but made no reference 
to the attack. At last, speaking on some 
topic in which the young man's predecessor 
had been especially interested, he chose a 
moment when the whole House was hang- 
ing with acute intentness on his words to 
refer to "our beloved colleague from the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 



A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 



Entered as second-class matter April 5, 1907, at 
the postomce at Los Angeles, Calif ornla, under the 
act of Congress of March 3, 1S79. 



district, whose seat is now unhappily va- 
cant." 

And so might Cummins have spoken of 
the seat of Dolliver. 

* * * 

AGAINST CHARTER REFORM 



The progressive and courageous reform- 
ers of our city have driven horses and wa- 
gons and steam rollers over the reactionary 
elements that have opposed them until the 
latter are reduced to a fine state of panic. 
In the language of the day, they are pretty 
well buffaloed. An amusing evidence of 
this appeared in their treatment of the prop- 
osition to amend the charter. 

Everybody who possesses even the most 
elementary knowledge of city affairs knows 
that in a place growing as rapidly as Los 
Angeles and one entering upon so many 
new enterprises, changes in the organic law 
of the city are a frequent necessity. We 
amend our state constitution, more or less, 
every two years, and we pass quite a volume 
of legislation. The fact that some of the 
amendments adopted or the legislation 
passed may not 'be needed or may even be 
unwise does not affect the essential need 
for the amendment and legislation as a 
whole. 

We can amend our charter only once in 
two years, and every time when that period 
comes around there is plenty that needs to 
be done. To be sure, it usually happens 
that at the same time, while we are about 
it, the people are given a chance to vote on 
a number of governmental reforms — but 
they are not compelled to adopt them unless 
they choose. 

Usually, however, they do choose and 
hence these reactionary tears. No sooner 
was the suggestion made, nearly a, year ago, 
by Council, for the appointment of a charter 
commission, than the stand-pat newspapers 
began to protest against any more "charter 
tinkering." They did not wait to find out 
what was to be done. They were "agin" it 
anyhow because it might have some reform 
mixed in. No use to explain that neither 
commission nor Council has any power to 
adopt these amendments. . Ail those bodies 
can do is to lay them before the voters. If 
they are not what the people want, they will 
be voted down, and. if they are what the 
people want, then everybody should be sat- 
isfied and happy; for the very object of a 



charter, under our system, is to provide the 
kind of government the people desire. 

When the commission brought in its re- 
port these same newspapers instantly con- 
demned the whole work, and in fact they 
had declared against it while still in the 
process of making and before any of its pro- 
visions were known. Their object was to 
prevent the amendments from going before 
the people. The usual anti-reform program 
is to smother things in committee and not 
allow them to get out in the open. 

The cold fact that lies back of all these 
maneuvers is that these people have no use 
at all for the judgment of the voters. They 
look upon the general run of humanity as 
mighty poor stuff compared with their own 
august selves. Their conception of govern- 
ment is an oligarchy of beings of superior 
wisdom — they to be the said oligarchs. And 
they are in mortal terror of any kind of re- 
form, ha,ving learned by experience that ev- 
ery change brings us nearer to the untram- 
meled rule of the people. 
* ♦ ♦ 
THE HORRIBLE RUBBERNECK 



When Hoxsey fell, the police and his pro- 
fessional comrades ran to the spot and 
formed a cordon to keep back the souve nir 
hunters. In other cities when a similar dis- 
aster took place, the fiends had not hesitated 
even to lay hands on the dead to secure the 
desired mementos. 

So the reports tell us. It is gratifying to 
be able to record the fact that no such dis- 
graceful scenes were enacted here. It may 
have been because the police prevented it, 
but we prefer to believe, and lacking evi- 
dence to the contrary will believe, that there 
was a different quality in this crowd from 
that displayed in other cities. 

The rubberneck is one of the horrible by- 
products of the modern sensational news- 
paper. To be sure the genius itself is old 
as the race, Lot's wife, who turned to look, 
being the first example in written history; 
but the casual spectator and curious ob- 
server of former days bears only a distant 
relationship to the fierce, tireless and des- 
perate rubberneck of the modern epoch. Of 
the same species, perhaps, they are as dif- 
ferent as the cat and the tiger, the poodle 
and the wolf, the gentleman and the go- 
rilla. 

Mere curiosity is a venal sin, in which the 
best of us indulge at times. It contains a 
fair element of respect for the person or 
thing gazed at — it may even partake of 
reverence or veneration. Rubbernecking, 
on the other hand, is a vice, frenzied, reck- 
less and terrible. It is not only lacking in 
reverence, it does not even respect the com- 
monest decencies of life. It attends exhibi- 
tions in the hope of beholding sudden death. 
It contemplates agony with joy. It will rob 
the dead, even breaking open graves, if 
necessary, and would tear the clothes from 
the back of the bride. Is it a vice forsooth? 
A combination of all vices and crimes from 
murder to body snatching! 

We say it is the newspapers that have made 
these wild beasts, these monsters of mor- 
bidity and turned them loose on society. 
Hearst has more of these unspeakable 
creatures put down to his discredit than any 
Frankenstein in the business. An incon- 
ceivable breed of women-things read and 
gorge themselves on his "sassiety" dope, 
and when Miss Kissie Maginnis marries the 
Due de Scrofula, they descend on the Chapel 
of St. Bonbon like a swarm of African ants, 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



i 



and loot things to the bone. Good Bishop 
Twadley, who. assisted by a batch of sub- 
ordinate dignitaries, was to perform the 
holy office on that occasion, is kn 
down in the mad rush for a piece of the 

'a clothing, and has been talking about 
the French Revolution ever since. 

; we have no remedy to propose. We 
have reforms for just about all the ills that 
flesh is heir to — a whole pharmacopoeia full 
of them — but nothing adequate to the rub- 
berneck distemper (rubberitis neckelongia). 
If we had our own way about it, we would 
reform it with an axe, even though that 
might make things a bit messy about our 

cities for a time. It might pay, as Dr. 
Johnson suggested with regard to the 

hmen, to catch them young and tame 
them. Or we might take a short cut, as it 
were, by guillotining some of our too en- 
terprising newspaper publishers. The reader 
might think it over for us. 
+ + + 
THE REVERSE ENGLISH 



The amazing record of him 
"Who stole the livery of Heaven 
To serve the Devil in," 

is quite equalled by the modern newspaper 
writers who boldly "swipe'' the language 
and phrases of progress and reform and put 
them to the uses of reactionary bad govern- 
ment. 

It gives one a weird feeling of uncer- 
tainty and unreality to read machine poli- 
tics, graft and corporation scheming adroit- 
ly done over into the very words that we 
have seen heralding the growth of the 
democratic spirit and the rousing of civic 
probity. 

Every bona fida product of man's honest 
toil has its pinchbeck imitation. Broadway 
and the Bowery in New York run parallel 
for miles about a block apart, and all along 
the Bowery there are stores almost the ex- 
act counterpart of the Broadway concerns, 
and you may buy therein the most incred- 
ible imitations of the Broadway articles, 
cheap enough, but rotten and false. 

Note some of these distortions. When it 
is proposed to reduce the number of elec- 
tive officers, on the principle of the short 
ballot, now universally accepted by sincere 
thinkers on government issues, the machine, 
which has long hidden behind the confusion 
of the long ballot, protests against depriving 
the people of their inalienable political 
rights. When the initiative and referendum 
are discussed, we are told that they are in- 
tended for the overthrow of Republican in- 
stitutions. When we go after the higher-up 
grafters, we are warned against these socia- 
listic attacks on property and these labor 
union schemes to interfere with the work of 
our great captains of industry. 

The political parties of this state adopt 
platforms calling for certain legislative re- 
forms. In order to present these in tangible, 
workable form, and, furthermore, in order 
to make good on the party pledges, com- 
mittees are appointed — openly and regularly 
through the proper party machinery — to put 
these reforms into shape for the legislature 
to act upon. These committees are made 
up of many of the best and ablest men of 
the state. Their meetings have been open 
to the general public, and suggestions have 
been welcomed from every quarter. It 
would seem that such a process should 
commend itself to every citizen, especially 
as a contrast to the secret work of the lobby 



of the Southern Pacific, the agency that 
formerly owned our legislative body. 

But this the reactionary papers describe 
as an attempt to coerce the legislature, 
cracking the whip of the boss over the ter- 
rified heads of the members, and as the 
cooking up of fads and fakes with which to 
rob the people of their rights. 

tin, here is conservation, which is a 
general plan, devised and advocated by l'in- 
chot, Roosevelt and many other sincere and 
jhted men. to preserve what remains 
of the natural resources of the country for 
the benefit of all the people, through pro- 
s of lease, royalty or common use, 
rather than for the exploitation of individ- 
uals. It is true that among the individuals 
who have heretofore benefited in the mis- 
cellaneous looting of these resources there 
were not a few who were people of small 
means ; but it is also true that the biggest 
areas of land, the most valuable water 
courses, and the most splendid mining op- 
portunities either were acquired outright and 
at the start by big corporations, or very 
soon fell into their hands. Nevertheless, 
the opponents of conservation, who are 
chiefly these corporations and their political 
and journalistic tools, base their entire case 
on sympathy with the" hardy prospector," 
the home-seeker and the enterprising up- 
builders of new country, who are all frozen 
out by this narrow and niggardly policy. 

Words are the undisputed property of 
those who wish to use them, and there is 
no law against newspaper men and politi- 
cians telling lies either directly or indirect- 
ly by false epithets, innuendo and distortion. 
Fortunately, the people have had a good 
deal of practice in making distinctions be- 
tween truth and imitations of truth. Some 
of the latter work well for a time but they 
will not wear, and in the end their real na- 
ture always comes out. As for Truth, she 
can wait. She is used to waiting. 
* + + 
SIX-YEAR HIGH SCHOOLS 



(Contributed) 



The time is ripe for including under local 
high-school supervision the first two years 
of college studies. The faculties of both 
Stanford and California, and those of the 
high schools throughout the state, all de- 
sire the change. The public will be for it 
as soon as the educational advantage is un- 
derstood. No legislation is needed to per- 
fect the transition of the freshman and jun- 
ior college years to the high schools of the 
state; no jolt or maladjustment will occur, 
for the change has been long contemplated 
by both Berkeley and Stanford, and pro- 
vision has been made therefor. 

The six-year high school would mean 
fewer boys dropping out of school at an 
untimely age; it is exactly adapted to those 
who stop just short of a professional ca- 
reer, and also for those that expect to study 
a profession. This we believe is its prin- 
cipal argument for adoption; it leave's no 
gap between real vocational study and 
the public school. And secondly it will it- 
self directly lead to training for a vocation, 
since its last two years will be used for vo- 
cational study in the case of all students 
who either cannot or should not go to a 
university. 

No better investment can be made by 
any city than the addition to the high school 
of two years vocational study for such stu- 
dents, combined with a carefully prescribed 
course in subjects generally pursued in col- 



Such a school would equip 
.;irls with trades, without neglecting 
the usual branches of the higher 
In some communities these two years v, 
be similar to trade schools; in others the 
obvious thing would be agricultural train- 
ing, preparing future superintendents 
managers of ranches. 

Fresno has already taken this forward 
step. Los Angeles ought to catch up as 
early as possible. The obvious thing at 
Fresno was the agricultural school, and ac- 
cordingly next year the fifth and sixth years 
of high school will provide for training in 
fruit-growing and other features of ranch 
life. In Los Angeles the conditions arc 
such as to permit all the industries to be 
represented since there are several high 
schools each already having its specialty. 
The emphasis however would no doubt be 
laid on commercial training, in a city that 
anticipates as great a commercial future as 
is before Los Angeles. 

What is most urgent, after caring for our 
physical need for water, fuel, transportation, 
power and other indispensables, is suitable 
schooling, for the little children first and 
then for the big children. All this we have 
managed fairly well, except at one point — 
the point where the children drop out of 
school in such appalling numbers, to come 
to naught, or else to succeed at far greater 
cost than necessary. This point is the high 
school, which must be remodeled if it is to 
merit the money put into it. The judg- 
ment of the recent convention of teachers 
was decidedly in favor of the six-year plan ; 
where such harmony exists among the peda- 
gogues there surely must be an obvious 
truth. This assertion is not proof against 
the logicians we admit, but we merely mean 
that what the pedagogues agree on is worth 
investigating, and the Fresno high school 
should be of interest to all Californians. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

PRESS COMMENT 



Nearly two hundred cases of bad eggs 
shipped from Dallas to a Kansas City candy 
factory were seized by officers and showed 
150,000,000 bacteria to the cubic centimeter. 
This is probably the largest number of ar- 
rests ever made in a single raid by an 
American police squad. — Los Angeles Her- 
ald. 



Chicago boasts that more twins are born 
in that city than in any other. But who 
would think of striking Chicago for the first 
time, alone? — Detroit Times. 



It is quite a natural supposition that 
there is a good deal of water in the bath- 
tub trust. — Buffalo Enquirer. 



Up to the present time Dr. Cook's high 
regard of the public's opinion of him has. 
not extended to a refund of that $80,000 
he got from them on his. lecture tour. — ■ 
Southern Lumberman. 



Intrenchment. more than retrenchment, 
seems to be the problem before the dear 
old Democratic party. — Southern Lumber- 
man. 



One of those Eastern roads might 
strengthen its argument for rate increases 
by submitting figures to show the passenger 
traffic to Oyster Bay has declined greatly 
of late months. — New Orleans Times-Demo- 
crat. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



POLITICAL TABLE TALK 

By THE WATCHMAN 



Under Bonds to Word comes from 
Keep the Peace Washington that 
the progressive Re- 
publicans are to be placed un- 
der bonds to the administration to 
keep the peace and be good. They 
are informed that everything depends 
on their behavior. If they will keep 
their traces taught and their breasts 
snug up to the collar, no matter how 
much the collar galls their hot necks, 
much will be accomplished during the 
short session of congress. If not it 
will be all off as to legislation, the 
administration will be betrayed and 
the fault will be laid at the doors of 
the progressives. To which is added, 
they must Hot mind the blind bridles. 
The duty of the team is to answer 
the rein and the whip. What goes 
on in the driver's box is none of the 
team's business. Tht effrontery of all 
this would bristle the back of the 
tamest cat that ever snoozed under a 
kitchen stove, but humiliation can be 
endured if patriotism requires it. 
Whether it does or not depends on 
what it is that is proposed to be ac- 
complished and for whose benefit. The 
good intentions of the "large, good 
natured person entirely surrounded by 
men who know exactly what they 
want" is not to be questioned, as it 
has not been from the start. The 
suspicion has been entertained that 
several blocks of a certain undesirable 
locality have within less than two 
years, been paved with his good inten- 
tions that have gone into the scrap , 
pile. The good intentions of those to 
whom he has mainly looked for the 
fruition of his hopes are subject to 
the gravest question and not one 
measure should be permitted to escape 
the closest scrutiny of insurgent eyes. 
Nor can the Presidential "O. K." be 
accepted as conclusive. Better an un- 
interrupted tug-of-war until the 4th 
of March than the infliction upon the 
country of anything analogous to the 
tariff iniquity or the enacting into law 
of such a measure as the railroad bill 
was when it left the hands of Attor- 
ney-General Wickersham bearing the 
countersign of the President. It were 
better to do nothing than the wrong 
thing. 



May We Instance the God Almighty 
Alaska Coal Lands? wrapped Alas- 
ka in a mantle 
of snow and ice but with a kind provi- 
dence underlaid a good portion of it 
with coal of fine quality. The coal 
of Alaska belongs to the people of 
Alaska, at least so much of it as they 
may need to keep them warm, to gen- 
erate their steam power, smelt their 
ores and propel their ships and locomo- 
tives, and they should have it at such 
a price as the mining and transporta- 
tion of it, at fair rates of interest and 
of wages may permit, attendant risks 
of investment being well covered. 
These and other legitimate elements 
entering into production and distri- 
bution, and not the urgency of Alas- 
kan necessities, should be the meas- 
ure of the cost to Alaskans of Alaskan 
coal. Alaskans are urging that these 
coal lands be opened to development. 
The President is likewise urgent. 
There is great urgency. To facilitate 
this much needed forward movement 
whom has the president called into 
consultation? Senator Knute Nelson, 
who honestly believes that the only 
hope for the poor lies in God's 
abounding largess to the rich; Secre- 
tary Ballinger, who is a conservation- 
ist nolens-volens and willy-nilly; Sen- 
ator Smooth, the financial and politi- 
cal representative of the polygamous 
infamy of the century; Senator Flint, 



whose predilicitions and affiliations 
are so well known as to require no 
comment; Representative Mondell, of 
Wyoming, as open an enemy to the 
spirit of conservation as the nation 
possesses. What sort of a leasing sys- 
tem of mining development are we to 
look for from that group of repre- 
sentatives of special interests? 
It should be clearly understood that 
the principle at issue is that the cost 
of coal to the consumer shall not be 
determined by the poignancy of the 
consumer's distress, but that the price 
shall be determined by the reason- 
able value of the services rendered in 
taking the people's coal from where 
God put it to where the people need it 
for use. The danger is that we shall 
be given the semblance of a righteous 
measure without the substance; that it 
will be as it was with the Wicker- 
sham railroad regulation bill, at every 
crucial point a skewer driven in in 
the interests of The Interests. Rather 
than submit to any such wrong it were 
better that Alaska remain undeveloped 
for decades. The price of being good 
should he the making of legislative 
measures good. Let the progressives 
toe that line and the American people 
will toe it with them and from that 
line they shall not be moved. 



A Fault With the California needs a 
Reformatory Plan reformatory for 
first offenders, but 
rather worse than it needs this it 
needs a reformation of the existing 
penal and reformatory institutions, 
and such reformation is out of the 
realm of reasonable probabilities un- 
der the existing constitutionally pro- 
vided penal system. A first step 
should be the repealing of Article X 
of the State Constitution. In the 
place of a board of prison di- 
rectors, expert in nothing but poli- 
tics, and greatly solicitous for the 
distribution of prison patronage, there 
should be a Department of Prisons 
and Reformatories headed by a "Man 
Who Knows" as general superintend- 
ent, empowered to organize his de- 
partment and given authority, not 
;;lone over the prisons and any new 
reformatory that may be constructed, 
but over the reform schools and, what 
is even more important still, over the 
county and city jail systems. Such a 
department, wisely headed and ade- 
quately manned, treating the prob- 
lems of criminality and delinquency as 
a whole, might easily so depopulate 
the penal institutions we have as to 
render a new one superfluous, but any 
system that leaves out of account 
control of the county jails and city 
prisons will yield no better results 
than would fighting the bubonic plague 
without paying any attention to the 
rats. The prison should be a manu- 
factory, the reformatory a school for 
handicrafts, the reform school a school 
and the busiest bureau in the whole 
department should be that of parole. 
Mr. Lissner's committee, constituted 
to consider the reformatory idea, has 
done good work but appears not to 
have arisen to the full requirements of 
the occasion. 

The De-Merit System We cannot 
Should Go Anyhow expect to re- 
alize from the 
present legislature all the good things 
in the ReDublican platform, and it is 
possible that the merit system of fill- 
ing minor offices may not pull 
through, although it should in some 
satisfactory form. At all events the 
de-merit system of allowing one state 
official to fill subordinate offices in 
offices other than his own should be 



penalized and put an end to. There 
are officials who make it their busi- 
ness to foist their friends upon such 
other officials as have not the moral 
courage to say no, with the result that 
insubordination and lack of responsi- 
bility are rife in all the institutions of 
the state. What cha.ice has a warden, 
for instance, to make good when he 
must find places for all the incompe- 
tents sent him by other state officials 
whose opposition he cannot very well 
afford to provoke. It has been said of 
Mr. Charles F. Curry that he probably 
secured more appointments under the 
San Francisco harbor board than any 
member of the harbor board, and 
there is hardly an office in the state 
that has not a Curry man in it. While 
Mr. Curry has been especially dili- 
gent in this particular other state offi- 
cers have not been inattentive to their 
opportunities. The whole system is 
as pernicious as any well can be. 



What Will Retard It is easy to 

Power Development? foresee that 
regulation and 
conservation of California s power re- 
sources are not going to be easy. In 
the case of the conservation of Alas- 
an coal the necessities of the Alaskans 
afford the cue needed by The Interests, 
so, in conserving our state sources of 
water power, the cue seized upon will 
be the fear of retarding electrical de- 
velopment. California needs to have 
a great deal of electric energy de- 
veloped, a little more in fact than it 
can presently use in order that new 
uses may be found for it, but what will 
retard development? Suppose that the 
unregulated acquisition and exploita- 
tion of a certain -source of water power 
promises to yield 400 per cent on the 
investment, if regulation were to cut 
the profit down to 200 per cent would 
that retard development? Would it 
do so to cut the profit down to 100 
per cent? to 50? to 25? Would it re- 
tard development to limit the income 
to a fair rate of interest on the in- 
vestment, plus an insurance premium 
to cover the risk of failure? No friend 
to California wants such legislation 
as will retard needed development of 
electrical energy, but we can better af- 
ford to cultivate patience than to sub- 
mit to exploitation. Our legislators 
should bear in mind that all the elec- 
tric energy there is in The People's and 
that whoever generates it where he can 
find opportunity, and conducts it to 
where it is needed, leaving to the 
user only to press the button to make 
his lights burn or his wheels go round, 
is worthy of a generous, steady, gen- 
eration-long recompense, but by no 
means to the net results of the appli- 
cation of that power to industry for 
ever and aye. Our legislators should, 
if they can, find the point where de- 
velopment will be retarded and stick 
their peg on the safe side of that 
point. 



Where Home Rule Recently Ala- 
Really Is Needed meda county's 
legislative dele- 
gation held a session in their own 
county for considering such changes 
in the county government act as re- 
lates to the particular class to which 
Alameda belongs or, rather, the par- 
ticular class which Alameda county 
constitutes. That such a session of 
the delegation should be held within 
the county itself may be regarded as 
a concession. Usually such sessions 
are held at Sacramento and are mainly 
attended^ by members of the court 
house ring who demand what they 
want and enforce their demands with 
the assurance that, unless complied 



with, the legislator will find it difficult 
to get back to the legislature at the 
next session, a prophecy not infre- 
quently fulfilled. The bill is generally 
fixed up, not wholly without regard to 
what the people at home may say and 
do, but with a livelier solicitude as to 
what the ring may do and not say if the 
schedule of salaries is not to their 
liking. The whole scheme of county 
government, by legislative delegation, 
falls far short of being government by, 
of and for the people. If this kind of 
legislating is to be done by each coun- 
ty's delegation in the legislature it 
should be done at home, on a day cer- 
tain, after full notice to all men to ap- 
pear and have their say, but a better 
way would be to have a county board 
of freeholders frame a county charter, 
within certain constitutional or statu- 
tory limitations, and so give to each 
county that measure of home rule that 
cities enjoy. The existing method of 
governing counties departs about as 
far from home rule as anything to be 
found under a monarchy. In short, 
the citizens have practically not a 
word to say either about the form of 
government or- the' taxes attendant 
upon it. 



Pre-Election Guesses Nothing ap- 
That Missed the Mark peared to be 
plainer last 
spring than that Charles F. Curry and 
Frank Jordan had made an offensive 
and defensive alliance, the first to help 
Jordan into his old shoes and the sec- 
ond to gladhand the state in Curry's 
interests for governor. But the list of 
Jordan's appointees in the office of 
Secretary of State tends to negative 
the theory of that alliance. Indeed, 
before the primary was half over there 
were indications that Curry was be- 
coming restive under the implication 
that Jordan was his man, as he prob- 
ably was not, if we may infer as much 
from the nearly clean sweep Jordan 
has made of Curry's men in office. 
Rumor has it, too, that Jordan's offi- 
cial wings are to be much clipped be- 
fore the present session of the legis- 
lature is half over. They will stand 
considerable clipping. The office is 
too big for the man. Especially should 
Jordan be relieved of all ex-officio 
duties on the Board of Examiners and 
State Lunacy Commission. He has 
his faults, but laziness is not one of 
them. Be will work early and late, 
whereas Curry, pretty uniformly "let 
George do it," and yet his was the 
brain that devised and the hand that 
guided, but then Curry has a brain 
at once clear and strong, also a hand 
that is strong as well as glad. If ca- 
pacity were the whole story nothing 
could be said against Charles F. Cur- 
ry. Jordan is not in Curry's class, 
hut he will work harder. 



BEKINS' 



Fire-Proof Storage 

133S SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 

Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



"7T HE DATA for this depart - 
^ ment is supplied from the 
statistical bureau of the Munici- 
pal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor 
any other has any control over, 
or is in any way responsible for, 
the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Increasing Bend Issues: The New 
York "Financier" protests against the 
rapid increase in the volume of unt- 
il the 
market. In November of 1911' 
were ISO cities, 50 it says, tint issued 
bonds aggregating 110 millions. It 
the fear that many cities 
arc drawing too heavily against their 
futures, particularly when they "issue 
r or 50-year bonds to pay for 
eel pavement that will last only 
18 or 20 years." The last point is 
certainly well taken, although it is 
usually only the surface of street 
ut. The over- 
bonding of cities rarely occurs, diffi- 
culty in placing the securities usually 
intervening as an automatic governor 
on that. The most over-bonded city 
in the union is the richest — Xew York. 
But tlie large and sudden increase, 
which so disturbs the "Financier." is 
almost exclusively caused by the cities 
entering upon utilities that formerly 
were left to private enterprise. This 
is in reality not an increase of debt 
but an addition to capital account. 
i of these utilities may even de- 
velop into debt lifters, not only paying 
for themselves but for other things — 
non-productive things — as well. This 
i- a form of debt — if we are to call it 
that — that is likely to increase more 
and more as cities widen their sphere 
of activity. As a rule it does not in- 
volve an increase in the gross volume 
of such securities thrown on the mar- 
ket, for if the work were not done 
by the people for themselves it would 
In' done by private individuals — utility- 
corporations. City bonds always sell 
at par or above, and under modern 
conditions of careful city engineering 
.ill the value of the bond goes into 
the improvement. Corporation bonds. 
mi the other hand, frequently sell 
below par and sometimes exceed in 
their face aggregate the actual value 
of the property, owing to underwrit- 
er-' rake-off and little tricks by the 
promoters, Hence it follows that the 
total demand on the money market 
is likely to be less under municipal 
ownership than under corporate. This 
is :i statement that will call out sneers 
and jeers from the stand-patter, but 
it is true never the less. 



Not for Us, Thank You! While we 
can find more or less of interest in 
nearly all discussions of municipal 
problems appearing in eastern papers 
and magazines, there is one topic 
about winch we cannot, somehow, get 
up the least bit of enthusiasm, and 
that is the question, apparently all- 
absorbing at this season of the year, 
of how to remove the great volume of 
snow and ice from the sidewalks and 
street pavements. Some times a whole 
city \r, all torn up over this matter, 
the administration gets raked over 
the coals, Veritas and Pax Vobiscum 
write fiery letters to the papers, mass 
mi ' .ire called — all because the 

-treet-: are blocked up with yreat bil- 
low- of pnow. Snow is this tine, white, 
cold -tuff they have back East in the 
winter time — that is to say it is white 
at the start-off, hut its appearance 



after it has 

■ it justice 
SCription. We have plenty of mo- 
il troubles ,u Lo- Ang< If, in- 
cluding stand-pat newspaper- that 
.snarl at everj kind of reform and im- 
nent. but we do not have this 
\ bite stuff in our Mr. 



One City in Earnest:: I 

ties in this country that 
have anti-spitting ordinances, and now 
there is one city that proposes to en 
that law. This city is Boston, 
which, after several days of warning, 
proceeded to arrest all offenders, 

IbOtll 500 people were arrested in 
the first week or two, and gradually 
tile fact that the city was in earnest 
came to be understood and the nuis- 
ance came to an end. 



Effect of State Utilities Tax: There 

I- very general alarm among the cities 
of California, large and small, over the 
effect of Amendment Number 1 and 
the new system of taxation of utility 
corporations. In many cases the new 
plan cuts off very considerable rev- 
enue from the »city, enough to embar- 
rass its operations seriously. There 
may he a corresponding gain on the 
side of the county, through the re- 
duction of state taxes, but that does 
n. 'i help out the municipality which 
still has its local duties to perform. 
The property of the utility corpora- 
tion situated in any city is still a 
cause of expense to the city. It must 
be policed and protected from fire, 
and the streets about it must be cared 
for. Yet the people of the state voted 
for the change, and the new conditions 
must be met, even though city char- 
ters must be altered and tax limits 
raised. 

People Mean Business: The new- 
law in Illinois allowing cities to adopt 
the commission plan by vote of the 
people went into effect with the be- 
ginning of the year, and the capital 
of the state. Springfield, led off with 
a vote of 3800 for to 3100 against, a 
majoi ity of 700. A terrible blizzard 
raged all day, but the people turned 
out in unexpected numbers. The brew- 
ing and saloon interests fought the 
plan, as they invariably do, evidently 
because it means an efficient govern- 
ment and that means enforcement of 
the law. The fight for the system was 
made by the Chamber of Commerce 
and citizens' organizations. These 
facts, just as given above, are. all set 
forth in our corporation and saloon 
interest newspaper, the Times, under 
the head "Springfield, 111., Adopts 
Freak Government." 



Five Years' Test: Houston, Texas, 
has used the commission plan five 
years and is perfectly satisfied with 
it. Tax rate has been permanently 
reduced 10 per cent, and now that 
finances are in good order a large 
surplus accumulated in place of the 
debt that was carried along under the 
old system, still further reductions of 
the tax rate will be made. The de- 
ficit of $400000 is replaced by a cash 
reserve of $900,000, and in the five 
years the city has purchased water 
works and new parks and done an 
enormous amount of paving out of 
the general funds and made exten- 
sive harbor improvements. 



tlie description <>i the care devoted to 
these piggies, he instinctively wonders 

whcthl pOl 'i- people are i •, 

well treated. If they are, and as 

. -n r is a well regul; 

-ume it, tie ti r oil than 

the great majority of dependents it 
count) poor farms 

Bigger Than the People: The may- 
I twelve Indiana cities met re- 
cently at Indianapolis and resolved to 

lejil :ie,.illl-t the adaption of a law by 
the legislature allowing cities to adopt. 
the commission system by vote of 
their citizens. These twelve wonder- 
ful, brainy men, having a monopoly 
of most of the political wisdom of In- 
diana, feel that they cannot take the 
h.inec of trusting the people to de- 
cide matters of this kind for them- 
selves. Like the little birdies in their 
nests, the people should "wait a little 
longer, 'till their wings are stronger." 



tached No cat- nor dogs, the donor 

says, are ever to be allowed in the 

ny 



Pay-as-you-enter-Riot: The people 
of Toronto, Canada, have not taken 
kindly to the pay-as-you-cnter cars. A 
mass meeting was called to protest 
against them, to which a vast crowd 
responded, and part of the overflow 
put in its time smashing all the cars 
it could lay its hands upon. Pay-as- 
you exit 'cars would do away with all 
the inconveniences and give all the 
advantages of the new plan. 



Up-to-date: In making up its sche- 
dule of regulations governing the use 
of parks, Cleveland has found it neces- 
sary to include one that forbids aero- 
planes from practicing after 7 o'clock 
in the morning and limits their opera- 
tions to certain open spaces in the 
parks 



Another Civil Service City. Detroit 
has joined the ranks of the civil ser- 
vice cities. When Los Angeles adopt- 
ed civil service there were only five 
or six cities in the Union under that 
system; now two-thirds of the big 
cities have the system in one form or 
another. 

Two New Destructors: San Fran- 
cisco has let the contract for the con- 
struction of two new destructors or 
incinerators for garbage and refuse at 
a total cost of $255,000. One will be 
located at Islais Creek and the other 
at North Beach. 



Reducing Water Tax: The Com- 
missioner of Public Works of Chicago 
has notified the city council that the 
water business can be run success- 
fully with half a million reduction in 
the people's rates. 



Good Majority in Oakland: The 

vote on the new progressive charter 
of Oakland with initiative, referen- 
dum and recall w-as 9023 in favor to 
3108 against. Evidently it is not a 
stand-patter town. 



Four Cents for Health: The report 
of the Providence playgrounds shows 
that it costs four cents a day per 
child to maintain the system. 



No Cats Allowed. Amsterdam, New 
Y'ork, has received a gift of a 100-acre 
park with a curious provision at- 



Wbat About the Paupers? A report 
of the mayor of Worcester Massa- 
chusetts, which feeds its garbage to 
pie.- owned by tlie city, say-; "We 
were received by the overseers of the 
poor and driven to the Poor Farm, 
where I saw 2500 as fine swine as I 
ever laid my eyes on. There was not 
a poor one in "the lot," As one reads 



SeMo (3" VJ'^LnJ^S iocs 
\JIND ILLUSTRATlONcy 




FOK, BOOKLET-S. 

CATALOGS, 

PAMPHLLTJ, 

LABELS, 

NEWS PAPLIV-sS 

JtND ALL OTHER 

PRINTING PURPOSES. 




<^V»^i 




■Sr 



So. Broadway < *«gB5SigT8*' So. Mill Stki.t 
A. PUSENOT CO. 

ANNUAL 
SALE 

OF 

Undermuslins 



NOW 
OPEN 



rONTHS of careful 
preparation for this 
great sale, and advantageous 
buying, enables us to offer 
high class lingerie at low 
prices — without sacrificing 
quality, or workmanship. 

Our large assortment con- 
tains garments of dainty sim- 
plicity, or elaborate creations. 



?~£! ARISTO! 




Leading Clothiers UNO 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streets?.. 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



IB 


IMPRESSIONS OF 
A PLAIN CITIZEN 

B r Al'TOCFNESIS 


a 



Arbitration Mayor Alexander 

a Near Solution wants a state board 
of arbitration. Ev- 
ery fair-minded man will stand with 
him on this proposition. Unfortunate- 
ly such a thing as compulsory arbitra- 
tion is out of the question, in view of 
a .certain decision of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. A board 
of arbitration can not compel capital 
and labor to agree upon terms, but it 
car. give publicity to the conditions 
leading to disputes between the two 
and come pretty near- to inciting a 
•public sentiment that will force a set- 
tlement of serious labor troubles. It 
can tell the public what the average 
wage in similar lines of industry under 
relatively the same conditions in other 
parts of the country is, and working- 
men and the industry employing them 
will then occupy a battlefield that is 
in full view of the public, where their 
every maneuver can be seen. We need 
to know more about the relations be- 
tween the employer and the employed 
in California. We need disinterested 
investigators and honest reports, and 
these are what will accompany the 
establishment of a state board of 
mediation and arbitration. 



A Forum? What has become of the 
Why Not? movement for the open- 
ing of the public school 
buildings of the city to popular meet- 
ings for the discussion of matters of 
general public interest, for debates, 
for lectures, etc.? We have been 
talking a good deal about this project 
among ourselves, but nobody appears 
to have done anything yet. In the 
meantime San Francisco has taken 
the matter up, with the result that 
scores of meetings are held every 
evening in the week in various sections 
of the city. 

In Los Angeles men and women 
who have ideas have, at the present 
time, small means of reaching their 
fellow men and women except 
through the ™ress. No newspaper will 
print a hundredth part of views on 
more or less important public matters 
advanced by men and women who 
have thought deeply on such topics. 
Progressive, thoughtful people are 
naturally restless until they have had 
an opportunity for an interchange of 
ideas on matters of common interest. 
Agitation leads progress. 

Too many flowers blush unseen. 
Too many ideas moulder because they 
never see the light. Too many men 
with ideas that should be known to 
all their fellowmen grow discouraged 
because they can find no way to reach 
the masses. If every public school 
building could be converted into a 
forum, ready for evening assemblages, 
the forward movement — moral, ethical, 
sociological, political, civic — would ad- 
vance in tremendous strides. The 
school room should be made an edu- 
cational center for adults as well as 
for the youth. I would like to hear 
from those who either agree or dis- 
agree with me. 



New Form Maria Fernandez will 
of Probation not be permitted to "go 
shopping" for a whole 
year without taking the risk of going 
to prison. She pleaded guilty to a 
charge of shoplifting before Judge 
Davis a few days ago, and was re- 
leased on probation. If she leads a 
righteous life during the next three 
vears fhe will escape punishment for 
her offense, but in the meantime, for 
one year at least, she must do her 
shnnoing by proxy. 

The idea is all right, but it should 
not be aDplied to the offense of shop- 
lifting alone. I wonder what effect it 
would have upon automobile speed- 
ers, for Instance, if, upon conviction 



for the second offense, they should be 
paroled and ordered to refrain from 
running a machine for one year. 



Born "The great and glorious Re- 
Again publican party and the Stars 
and Stripes forever" — this has 
usually been the sum and substance of 
the talk of chairmen of partisan state 
committees. How edifying it is, then, 
to hear the chairman of the Repub- 
lican state central committee of Cali- 
fornia switching off in this strain: 
"The state central committee is not 
.bound to distribute jobs in order to 
carry out its plans. A new line has 
divided the political forces of the 
country. It is not between Repub- 
licans and Democrats, but it is be- 
tween the insurgents and progressives 
on one hand and the reactionaries on 
the other. The will of the people 
must be the guiding star." We all 
know it, of course, but how refreshing 
it is to hear a party leader not only 
admit it but boast of it! Verily, veri- 
ly, the Republican party in California 
has been born again. As a part of it 
I rejoice in the new birth. 



Why So I cannot comprehend why 
Prudish? the police authorities felt 
called upon to annoy the 
gentleman who paraded the streets the 
other day dressed in a sort of reversed 
decollete. I understand all his body, 
excepting head and hands were cov- 
ered. Nobody has heard of the guardi- 
ans of the peace disturbing any grand 
opera performance or other function 
at which many of the ladies in attend- 
ance shuddered every time a door was 
opened, all because of their S'cant at- 
tire. 

We are creatures of habit. We are 
enthralled by it. We grow so accus- 
tomed to seeing barefoot urchins sell- 
ing newspapers on the streets in Jan- 
uary that we think nothing of it; but 
let Madame Westlake or the Duchess 
of Hollywood walk out on her lawn 
to try the Kneipo treatment for her 
nerves and straightway we throw a fit. 

We should rid ourselves of this bug- 
aboo of ultra-conventionality. If a 
man wants to walk about in comfort 
and finds that it is agreeable to shed 
his shoes or a part of his clothing, 
why should we blush, so long as we 
permit the boys to run barefooted and 
barelegged on the streets and the 
ladies, bless 'em, to add to the lustre 
of certain illustrious occasions by in- 
viting pneumonia and bronchitis? 



An Interesting We are soon to be 
Sight afforded a spectacle 

in cement construc- 
tion that relatively few have seen. It 
is iroing to be instructive. It will be 
well worth while to visit the scene of 
the big new 'concrete bridge under 
construction over the river just below 
Elvsian park — the North Broadway 
bridge. The paraphernalia for pour- 
ing the concrete and the forms are 
nearly all in position. The frame- 
work itself is worth looking at. The 
time is rapidly aoproaching, by the 
way, when several such bridges must 
be built across the river at various 
points. Meantime take a look at the 
work on this structure. It is as in 
teresting as a moving picture show. 



The Old Spirit Some men have a 
Still Lives rather peculiar con- 
ception of what con- 
stitutes -personal- rights and privileges. 
Among these there is a class whose 
members insist that the slightest ser- 
vice in behalf of a nolitical movement 
is sufficient basis for a demand that 
they share in the profits of office. 
Women are sometimes that way, too. 
I heard the other day of a woman 
who was employed for two days in a 
certain political headquarters in this 



'■city during the late campaign who 
really believed that such employment, 
for which she was well remunerated, 
by the way, was ample title to a 
"good political office," as she ex- 
pressed it. "Certainly, Gertie, after 
having worked so faithfully for those 
people you have a right to expect 
something- handsome from them. You 
surely ought to be given one of those 
nice fat jobs up in Sacramento this 
winter," said one of her friends. 

"Gertie" went after the nice fat job 
with a vim. She bothered the life out 
of on*; of the attaches at headquar- 
ters, insisting that she should have 
"one of them snaps." "If a girl who 
has worked as hard as I have gets no- 
where when it comes to passing 
around the positions with money in 
'em. how are you folks going to ex- 
pect that we shall stand by you next 
time?" she demanded. "You can't turn 
me down. I want what's coming to 
me '*' 

There are in Los Angeles 
scores, even hundreds of men, 
who rest their hopes of se- 
curing political jobs on the fact that 
during the campaign they were em- 
ployed, under pay, to do 'clerical or 
other detail work. It is just simply 
impossible to divorce them from the 
spoils idea. And some of them are 
mighty sore because they have not 
been able to extract double pay — cash 
and a job — from the campaign man- 
agers. 



BUILDING PERMITS 
FOR 1910 



Classified Report and Statement for 

the Calendar Year 1910 from the 

Office of J. J. Backus, Chief 

Inspector of Buildings, 

City of Los Angeles 



During the calendar year just clos- 
ed, there haire been issued 10.73S 
building . permits, with an estimated 
valuation of $21,684,100. indicating an 
increase over the previous year (1909) 
of $8,423,397 in valuation, and 2167 in 
number of permits issued. This year 
(1910) was easily the "banner year" 
in the history of building operations in 
the city of Los Angeles, showing as it 
does the tremendous increase of $3,- 
525,580 over the year 1906, which had 
previously been the banner year, with 
a valuation of $18,158,520. 

An interesting feature of this year 
is the fact that nearly every month 
broke some previous record, either in 
number of permits issued or in valua- 
tion. A careful study of the tabulated 
report hereto attached will show a 
large gain in the number of business 
buildings which have been erected; 
also the fact that there was one build- 
ing permit issued either for the erec- 
tion, alteration or an addition to some 
building every fifteen minutes of every 



working day". Especially remarkable 
is the gain in the erection of resi- 
dences, making it truly a "city of 
homes." In this respect it will be in- 
teresting to know that there have 
been more than two frame residences, 
with a valuation of over $2,000 each, 
erected every hour of every working 
day. These figures are based on an 
eight-hour working day. 

The great increase in the money ex- 
pended on new buildings also points 
out the very encouraging tendency on 
the part of owners, architects and 
builders toward the construction of 
buildings of a higher grade, and of 
fireproof structures. 

The City's Growth 

The volume of business transacted 
by this office serves to illustrate the 
extraordinary growth of the city. If 
all the buildings erected in this city 
during the past year were placed side 
by side, with no space between them, 
they would form a continuous row of 
over 40 miles in length, or would form 
a street built solidly on both sides 
extending from the City Hall in this 
city to the water front at San Pedro 
Harbor. But in this connection it 
must be remembered that if this same 
street were built on both sides in the 
customary way that buildings are 
erected, with yard spaces between, 
they would form a street built on both 
sides of over 40 miles in length. 
Receipts and Expenditures 

The receipts for the department 
during this same period amounted to 
$52,436.90, and its expenditures for the 
same time were $41,740.54, therefore 
it will be seen that the department has 
turned into the City Treasury the 
sum of $10,696.36 over all expenses. 

Total Number and Valuation of the 
Various Classes of Buildings 

No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 
Class A steel fr struc 8 $ 2,620,717 
Class A rein. con.... 24 1,781,421 
Class B brick bldgs.. 4 290.000 

Class C brick bldgs.. 257 2,922,059 
Class D frame bldgs 519* 10,908 184 

Churches 23 129,760 

Public buildings 31 938.896 

Sheds and barns 1448 218.484 

Foundations 22 84.205 

Alterations, brick.... 623 706,911 

Alterations, frame... 3016 947,343 

Demolitions 89 11,120 

Additional 3 stories 

Class A bldgs 1 125,000 

Grand total for year 10.738 $21,684,100 
Compiled by Mark C. Cohn, Chief 
Clerk. 



CHESTER ROWELL TO AD- 
DRESS CITY CLUB TODAY 



At the regular weekly luncheon of 
the City Club to be held at the West- 
minster Hotel today (Saturday) at 
12:15 p. m. Hon. Chester H. Rowell, 
editor of the Fresno California Re- 
publican, will speak on "The City." 

"Katherine Shrewsbury is engaged 
to be married." "Who is the lucky 
man?" "Her father!" — Town Topics. 



V. 



REMOVAL SALE 

Pianos and Player Pianos 

Before moving to our new Broadway building present assortments of 
high grade instruments must be disposed of. Heavy discounts have 
been made on our regular standard agencies. If you intend buying a 
Piano or Player Piano this is your opportunity. Come in and get full 
information — prices and terms. 

f^^n f TK»1>~^1 f^n Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealer* 

ijreo. J . rsirKei M). 345-347 s. spring st. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




Lewis R. Works Explains Important 
Provisions 



s R Works, a member of the 
Charter Revision Commission, enter- 
tained the City Club List Saturday 
with an address on the proposed 
amendment to our city charter, which 
will b m by the people on 

March 6th next. 

Mr. Works prefaced his address 
with a review of the personnel of the 
commission, emphasizing the peculiar 
fitness of each member for the very 
important work which has been ac- 
complished*. He said that they had 
brought to their task a sense of re- 
sponsibility and a fund of patriotism 
-hould insure a favorable recep- 
tion of the amendments at the hands 
of the people. 

If there are any questions which 
the voters cannot understand, the char- 
acter of the men selected should give 
them sufficient faith to vote for the 
amendments suggested. Mr. Works 
spoke of the special fitness of men 
like James A. Anderson. W. B. Mat- 
thews and Leslie R. Hewitt to deal 
with municipal problems. All the 
members of the commission had been 
selected for their recognized ability 
and familiarity with the work in 
hand. 

Attention was called to the fact that 
the city charter is simply being 
amended; a new charter was not 
drafted, as some supposed. 

An important amendment will be 
that which broadens the power of the 
city by which the municipality is given 
the authority to operate lodging- 
houses, municipal farms and detention 
homes, for the punishment of young 
criminals and their segregation from 
the more hardened characters. 

The city is given power to operate 
railways and all other forms of trans- 
portation, such as ferries, etc. This 
provision if adopted will give the city 
the broadest power in the transporta- 
tion business and will allow of a mu- 
nicipal!}' controlled interstate railway. 
This amendment will also give the 
city complete control of the harbor. 
Purity of Elections 
The city is given power to enact 
purity of election ordinances, similar 
to the laws now on the state books 
limiting the amount which a candi- 
date may spend on an election cam- 
paign. 

Council Work 
One amendment specifies that city 
ordinances must lie over one week be- 
fore being adooted. unless they are 
passed by unanimous vote'of the full 
council. 

Appointive Officers 
It is proposed that offices such as 
city clerk, city tax collector, city 
treasur?r, shall be appointive in place 
of elective, thus lessening the confu- 
sion which results from a multiplicity 
of names on the ballot. The only 
elective offices will be those of the 
mayor, city attorney, auditor, assessor, 
board of education and city council. 
These latter offices to a certain extent 
stand between the people and the cor- 
porate interests, and should therefore 
be elective. This innovation will pave 
the way for the short ballot which is 
gaining in favor all over the country. 
Elective officers will be elected for 
four years but general elections will 
be held every two years with but half 
t'he offices on the ballot; giving, un- 
der the new arrangement, only ten 
men to be voted for instead of twenty- 
three as formerly. This will also in- 
sure experienced men being retained 
at all times in the council and on the 
board of education. 



Increasing the Mayor's Power 

Another salient feature will be the 
turning over to the mayor the direct 
1 of the executive branch of his 
office, and taking away such routine 
i| vouchers, etc.. 
which work an office boy could per- 
form as easily. The mayor will hive 
the power to appoint the tire 
police chief, and the health ol 
without concurrence by the council, 
All other appointments, however, must 
have the council's confirmation. An- 
other important provision is that ap- 
pointive officers will be subject to re- 
call. 

Following the Oregon plan, one pro- 
vision provides that on questions sub- 
mitted to a vole of the people, argu- 
ments pro and con, written by the 
proponents and opponents of the 
measure, will be mailed to every voter 
by the city clerk in sufficient time to 
have them thoroughly understood. 
Referendum and Recall 

Referendum- petitions, to be valid, 
will provide for ten per cent of the 
total vote instead of seven per cent. 
The percentage necessary for a recall' 
petition is reduced from twenty-five 
per cent to twenty per cent. This 
provision was thought wise from the 
fact that the aboltion of the ward sys- 
tem makes it necessary to recall an 
officer by a vote from the city at 
large. Expenses will be cut down by 
the sending of only one ballot for 
each voter in a precinct, with 10 per 
cent additional for spoiled ballots, 
Which will result in quite a saving. 

Under the new amendments no 
more vacancies will be filled by elec- 
tion; an appointment will be made to 
fill the office until a general election. 

One amendment will allow a recount 
on primary elections. Another allows 
the auditor to install a complete sys- 
tem of accounting. The city prosecu- 
tor's and city attorney's offices will be 
separated; the former has to do al- 
most entirely with criminal, and the 
latter with civil cases. 

Provision is to be made for a pur- 
chasing agent and a city supply ware- 
house will be instituted. 
Library 

Certain positions in the library are 
to be taken from civil service. These 
positions will be those that require 
experts. This change is suggested - 
owing to the fact that it is a difficult 
matter to induce such experts to come 
here on the understanding that they 
must pass a civil service examination 
before they will be accepted. 

Removals Under Civil Service 

It is proposed to allow heads of de- 
partments to discharge employes who 
are under civil -service when they are 
found unsatisfactory. The discharg- 
ed person may demand an investiga- 
tion by the civil service commission, 
but the new method would obviate 
the necessity of a department head 
preferring formal charges and virtu- 
ally being put upon the defensive by 
the attorney for the employe under 
fire. 

Commissions 

Tt is proposed to reduce this com- 
mission from five to three members, 
consisting of the mavor and two citi- 
zens. The chief will be given fuller 
powers and will be allowed to dis- 
charge unfit men from the service, 
thereby doing away with the neces- 
sity for trying every offender in the 
department by the police board, and 
taking up a great deal of time. The 
fire department will be put on a sim- 
ilar basis to that of the police depart- 
ment. The park commission will be 
reduced from five to three members, 
and the mayor will not be a member 
of this commission. 




This Intensely Human Picture 



STANDS FOR ALL THAT 
IS BEST IN MUSIC 



tor trademark an 1 it brings to you, no matter 

where you .-ire, tin- very best music of every kin id lived in 

the very best nay, by the best artists. "His Ma . e " has 

to make grand opera popular. It has created in the hearts of 

the people a greater love lor music. 

our Victor Department and we will gladly play any Victor 
music you want to hear. 

And Be Sure to Hear the New Victor-Victrola at $75 
Victors, $10. $17.50, $25, $.12.50, $40, $50, $60, $100. Victor-Victrolas $75 

150, $200, $250. Victor Records, single and double-faced, 60 
and up, Easy terms can he arranged. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC CO. 



"The House of Musical Quality' 
332-334 SOUTH BROADWAY 



LOS ANGELES 



The board of health will be done 
away with and a health commission- 
er substituted who will be given full 
power over the department. 

Public Utilities 

An amendment will make the public 
utility commission Charter officer with 
the power to fix rates on public utili- 
ties operated by private individuals. 

A department of public service to 
take the place of the water board is 
proposed, which department will han- 
dle the power question. 

Water Distribution 

Under the new amendments, pro- 
vision is made for safeguarding the 
rights of the people, to the fullest ex- 
tent, in supplying water to outside 
consumers. The city may distribute 
water outside of its limits for a period 
not exaeeding fifteen years, which 
lease will be in the form of a license 
and revocable at any time; all such 
leases must be concurred in by a two- 
thirds vote of the City Council and a 
majority vote of the people. Con- 
tracts for water sold to public utility 
corporations, for resale, may be term- 
inated by the city on a three years' 
written notice. 

A Municipal Art Commission is cre- 
ated to have jurisdiction over the ex- 
ternal appearance of municipal build- 
•ngs. 

Subway Franchises 

Subway franchises are to be let for 
forty years, instead of twenty-one as 
at present. This is owing to the high 
cost of constructing subways, and as 
an inducement to the railway com- 
panies to construct tunnels, thereby re- 
lieving congestion. 

Hc : ght of buildings, except monu- 
ments and non-business buildings, is 
to be restricted to 150 feet. 



Sale of Franchises 

Under the Broughton act valuable 
franchises are now often sold for 
$100. Under the new provisions Coun- 
cil will receive adequate compensa: 

for franchises. 

Power will be given the Council to 
operate a municipal newspaper. 

In the matter of appointive officers, 
the restrictions now in force provid- 
ing that such officer must be a citizen 
of Los Angeles or, in some cases, a 
resident of the State, have been re- 
moved and it will be possible to ob- 
tain experts for the various offices 
without being hampered by such re- 
strictions. 

Salary Increases 

Salaries of executive heads will be 
increased generally, as the Commis- 
sion believes that for the class of 
work performed the remuneration is 
entirely too low, as for instance in 
the case of the City Attorney, who 
has to argue cases for the city in op- 
position to the highly-paid attorneys 
for the utility companies. The salary 
amendment will provide for salaries 
as follows: Mayor, $5000: Councilmen, 
$2400; Citv Clerk, $3C00; City Audi- 
tor. $4200; City Assessor, $4200; 
City Treasurer, $4000; City Attorney, 
$5000; Health Commissioner, $4000. 
Tax and License Collector, $3600. 

President Finlayson thanked Mr. 
Works for his "clear-cut, incisive and 
luminous exposition of a most import- 
ant subject" and hoped that the patri- 
otism which prompted him to devote 
his capabilities to explaining these 
features of the Charter amendments 
would induce him to address other 
civic bodies and present the facts be- 
fore the election is held at which the 
reopie will decide to adopt or reject 
the new provisions. 



For a Southern State University 



Why the State of California Should 
Establish and Maintain a Univer- 
sity in Southern California. 



By Mark Keppel 



Our two State Universities, Leland 
Stanford Jr., and California, are 
crowded to their limits in an effort 
to care for pupils seeking admission. 
The State University needs to be 
greatly enlarged if it is to give ad- 
mission to an increased number of 
students. 

The secretary of that institution, 
in his annual report, recently issued, 
declares that the State University 
needs $5,000,000 at once to properly 
care for its present student body, 
and the student body that will surely 
seek admission. The secretary of 

the University is correct in declar- 



ing that the Lmiversity of California 
must be greatly enlarged if it is to 
care for the armj of high school 
pupils steadily marching toward in- 
stitutions of higher education in 
California. We challenge the claim 
that the needed $5,000,000 should be 
expended at Berkeley. We argue that 
a university of equal rank with Stan- 
ford and California, should be estab- 
lished in Southern California where 
such a school would be near to the 
great .body of Southern California 
high school graduates who now must 
travel from 300 to 630 miles to reach 
the State University. 

The distance by railroad from 
Angeles to Berkeley is 470 miles. 
When students are few in number, 
they may be sent long distances to 
a central school, but when students 
(Continued on page 15) 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



CALIFORNIA'S PROGRESSIVE LEADERS 

COMMAND NATION-WIDE ATTENTION 



In the Jan. 7 issue of the Saturday 
Evening- Post is an illuminating and 
forceful article by Samuel G. Blythe 
entitled, "Putting the Rollers Under 
the S. P." In this story of political 
conditions in California which lead up 
to the recent triumph of the reform 
forces Mr. Blythe throws some inter- 
esting sidelights on the campaign and 
gives praise to such staunch leaders 
as Meyer Lissner and Hiram Johnson. 

The author says in p;:rt: 

It isn't likely any person with 
knowledge of the facts will dispute 
the statement that the Southern Pa- 
cific Railroad dominated the politics 
of California for many years. Indeed, 
that is a mild manner of putting it. 
The Southern Pacific Railroad not 
only dominated the politics for many 
years but owned the politics, owned 
part of the legislature, owned many 
of the officials — no matter what party 
was in power — and ran things to suit 
itself. Moreover, the Southern Pa- 
cific reached out of California and 
dealt in larger political commodities. 
It mixed in the politics in adjoining 




Governor Johnson 

states and had a grasp on a good deal 
that happened at Washington. 

It was a great political as well as a 
great commercial enterprise. It dic- 
tated nominations, carried elections, 
laid down policies, used money flag- 
rantly, debauched not only individuals 
but whole communities. * * * * 
When competition became keener po- 
litical control became more necessary. 
In addition to owning legislatures it 
was essential to own judges — courts, 
even— and the road developed into a 
vast, complex holding company for 
the politics of the state, bipartisan, 
dictating impartially to Republicans 
and Democrats so far as party lines 
were concerned, but always partially 
for the Southern Pacific. * * * 

The Struggle for Independence Begins 

The political history of California 
is full of stories of fights made against 
the Southern Pacific — fights that, in 
almost: every instance, led up to de- 
moralizing defeats. The Southern Pa- 
cific gripped the political system of the 
state. As always has been the case, 
it controlled by controlling the con- 
ventions, seeing to it that men of the 
kidney it wanted were nominated for 



the offices and after nomination were 
elected ******** 
The genesis of the fight that finally 
culminated in the election of Hiram 
W. Johnson as governor last Novem- 
ber was in Los Angeles. That city 
was a Southern Pacific stronghold. 
Walter Parker, the first lieutenant of 
Herrin, was the boss of the Republi- 
can party. He was and is a capable 
and skillful politician; and as Los An- 
geles is normally a Republican city, 
being settled largely by people from 
the Middle West, Parker operated 
principally through that party, al- 
though the Southern Pacific had its 
Democratic leaders, too, for use in 
case of emergency. Southern Pacific 
interests dominated in Los Angeles 
just as they dominated in San Fran- 
cisco, not only in legislative and 
state matters but in city affairs as 
well. 

There had been much discussion in 
Los Angeles of the part the road play- 
ed in municipal matters and much dis- 
satisfaction with the kind of govern- 
ment the city had. This culminated 
finally, in 1906 or at about that time, 
in a good-government movement that 
was non-partisan and that was headed 
by such men as Dr. John R. Haynes, 
Edwin T. Earl, Meyer Lissner, Har- 
ley Brundage, Edward Dickson and 
others who sought to give Los Ange- 
les a good, clean city government. 
There were many details in the work- 
ing out of the plan that need not be 
rehearsed here; but finally, after much 
labor and much arousing of public 
sentiment, a Non-Partisan City Cen- 
tral Committee was formed; various 
reforms and innovations — such as the 
referendum, the initiative and the re- 
call — were put through and Los An- 
geles was taken bodily from the grasp 
of the old bosses. ***** 

Naturally the men who had such 
great success in Los Angeles deter- 
mined to try for the state. News of 
what had been done in Los Angeles 
had spread throughout California and 
in 1907 the first steps were taken. It 
was realized that so long as the state 
retained the old-time convention sys- 
tem the chances of eliminating the 
Southern Pacific were somewhat- re 
mote. The way to whip the railroad 
was plain enough. What was needed 
was a direct primary law, where the 
people could give an expression as to 
candidates, instead of conventions, 
where the bosses named the candi- 
dates. To this end Charles W. Hor* 
nick, manager of the San Francisco 
Call, and Ernest S. Simpson, manag- 
ing editor of the same paper, brought 
from Minnesota a most capable young 
man named George A. Van Smith, 
who had made a study of direct pri- 
mary laws and their methods of opera- 
tion, and Van Smith began framing a 
direct primary law. 

Then came weeks of conferences, of 
planning, of enlisting men; and out 
of it all came the Lincoln-Roosevelt 
Republican League. This organiza- 
tion had its real beginning at a lunch- 
eon in Oakland in 1907. This lunch- 
eon was attended by albout eighty or 
ninety men, many of them editors 
from various parts of the state. There 
was a long discussion as to ways and 
means, but it was eventually deter- 
mined to organize by districts, to 
name a state committee and to go in- 
to a campaign with the avowed inten- 
tion of electing a legislature that 
would adopt a direct primary law and 
so wrest control of the state from the 
old machine. 

_ Pledges were obtained from legisla- 
tive candidates wherever pledges 
could be obtained; the newspapers en- 



listed in the movement kept up a 
vigorous campaign; and when con- 
vention-time came the Leaguers had 
about two-fifths of the delegates to 
the convention. The Southern Pa- 
cific crowd — the old machine — had 
three-fifths. This convention followed 
the Santa Cruz convention, where Abe 
Ruef, the San Francisco boss, made 
about his last political appearance be- 
fore he was convicted of grafting. The 
old-machine men used the steam roll- 
er mercilessly. They rolled it back 
and forth over the Leaguers, nomin- 
ated the men they had selected and 
gave the Leaguers nothing. 

The League had its fighting spirit 
thoroughly aroused by this affair. 
Meyer Lissner, of Los Angeles, gave 
most of his time to the movement, and 
he had able lieutenants in all parts of 
the state. Meantime George Van 
Smith had completed his primary law 
and it was put before the legislature. 
Van Smith and his associates, backed 
'by the powerful and growing senti- 
ment aroused by the League, passed 
the primary law — not exactly the kind 
of a primary law they originally plan- 
ned, because of various compromises 
that had to be made, but a fairly good 
one and sufficient, as will be shown. 

The old machine fought the direct 
primary law, of course, but, at that, it 
believed the bosses could control even 
with a primary law in effect, thereby 
showing mighty poor political judg- 
ment. However, there had been so . 
great a sentiment aroused for the law 
by the League, which had extended 
its organization rapidly into all parts 
of the state, that the opposition of the 
old machine, whether real or perfunc- 
tory, did not stop its passage. This 
was in 1909. 

Johnson's Fight for the Governor- 
ship 

With the powerful lever of direct 
primaries the Lincoln-Roosevelt Lea- 
gue took on new strength and went 
into the work of organization more 
vigorously than ever. So far as pos- 
sible the minute organization of Los 
Angeles was carried out. In that city 
the organization goes down to prec- 
incts and sections of prqeincts. It is 
a most comprehensive affair and it 
held to its full fighting force by con- 
stant attention to detail and by con- 
stant encouragement and work. 

Time came for the League to select 
a candidate for governor to go before 
the primaries. Many names were can- 
vassed. Finally it was decided to put 
up Hiram W. Johnson, a lawyer of 
San Francisco, who had taken un the 
work of prosecuting Ruef after Fran- 
cis J. Heney was shot and had con- 
victed Ruef. Johnson did not want to 
go into the fight. He wanted to prac- 
tice law. He was forty-four vears old 
and had a familv to provide for. John- 
son consented, but in consenting made 
his own platform. That was: "If I 
go into this fieht I go in with the 
understanding that if I win the South- 
ern Pacific will be kicked out of the 
politics of this state." The League 
leaders gave three cheers and in 
March, 1910. Johnson began his cam- 
paign for the nomination in the pri- 
maries, which were to be held on Au- 
gust sixteenth. ****** 

State campaigns, of course, always 
develop animosities, • attacks and 
sneering comment. Johnson had his 
share of them in the campaign for 
nomination at the primaries — more 
than his share, in fact; but that did not 
feaze him any. He kept on hammer- 
ing at the Southern Pacific and he re- 
ceived more than one hundred thou- 
sand votes in the primary, more votes 



than his two nearest competitors, and 
was made the nominee of the Lin- 
coln-Roosevelt League for governor. 
The Steam Roller in Good Working 
Order 
The platform convention that fol- 
lowed was as securely in the control 
of the Lincoln-Roosevelt League as 
the previous convention had been in 
the control of the old machine, and 
the steam roller was operated with 
equal facility and efficiency. The 
only difference in the operation of the 
steam roller was that the League op- 
erated and the old machine' men were 
rolled over. ******* 

Johnson made another state-long 
and state-wide campaign. He prac- 
tically repeated his campaign for the 
primary nomination, making several 
speeches each day and traversing the 
entire state. The State Central Com- 
mittee was reorganized and Meyer 
Lissner selected as chairman. 

There was a good deal of mud- 
slinging in the campaign, but John- 
son kept steadily on his one theme: 
"Kick out the Southern Pacific." The 
Hearst newspapers, which had bitter- 
ly opposed Bell when he ran before, 




Meyer Lissner 

finally came out for Bell and added to 
the excitement of the campaign ma- 

The Men Who Won the Victory 

Undoubtedly such disclosures as were 
made in the Ruef trial had a strong 
effect on the result in this campaign; 
but the fact is, if those men in Los 
Angeles had not decided to clean up 
that city and give it a good municipal 
government, and if the Lincoln- 
Roosevelt League had not been saut- 
ed, pushed through and built into a 
compact fighting organization the 
Southern Pacific would be as strong 
today as it was five years ago, when 
it dominated everything political in 
California. 

In a movement like this, individuals 
are not to be singled out for credit, 
for it was an uprising; but, so far as 
I can learn, the initial steps and the 
first agitation that led to the forma- 
tion of the League were taken at 
Sacramento by Edward Dickson, the 
legislative correspondent of the Los 
Angeles Express, and Chester H. Ro- 
well, editor of the Fresno Republican 
— taken together, of course, with the 
great municipal fight made at Los An- 
geles by Lissner and his associates. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Still, wherever or whenever it began. 

the achievement 

the tirst magnitude in American 

They 
made They 

it en- 
abled that 

: fight 



that lasted four years; and one indi- 
vidual — Johnson — made a pet 
light that Listed from March t 
veruber under the most trying . 

-no man hut a physically per 
dl -nc it — and they 
won tile campaign. I mark- 

able achievement. * • * 



Patriotism in Municipal Affairs 



From the Annual Address of the President. Delivered at the 
Annual Meeting of the National Municipal League, 
November 14, 1910, at Buffalo, N. Y., 
By CHARLES J. BONAPARTE 



Sixteenth 



At our last annual meeting a very 

paper was read by Miss 

Abbott of Chicago on "The 

Immigrant and Municipal Polities." 
ige in this paper suggested 
mind what seemed to me a suit- 
aide subject for this, my ia-t. 

your president. Speaking 
nf 'jnmigrants from southern and 
em Europe, Miss Abbott said: 

"Most of them are people in whom 
emotional patriotism is very strong-. 
Fourth of July is more uproariously 
celebrated in Hal-toil street than in 
any other part of Chicago. Every 
Sunday the American ami Italian flags 
:de the hand that plays the 
funeral march of some Italian, and 
the Greek Church for great religious 
festivals is decorated on one side with 
the American and on the other with 
.reek flag. There have been sev- 
eral election scandals in recent years 
in Chicago's Ghetto and yet the Rus- 
sian Jews who live there are giving 
their evenings to academic discus- 
■ f the fundamental concepts of 
liberty and lamenting American indif- 
ference to government questions. 
Undoubtedly lure, as in the so-called 
better districts of our cities, a great 
deal of moral steam is going to 
waste." 

Xeed there be this waste? Can we 
not use the "moral steam,'' which now 
itself off in singing "America" 
or cheering "Old Glory," to turn the 
wheels of our municipal administra- 
tions and grind out as products the 
initio of good city government? In 
less figurative language, may we not 
make of patriotism a most helpful ally 
in our light for pure politics, tor hon- 
esty and decency among public men, 
in the affairs of our great American 
municipalities? 

In my childhood I witnessed the 
profoundly impressive spectacle of the 
American people awakening to the 
need and to the duty of saving by the 
sword our threatened national life; 
twelve years ago,, we again saw our 
country respond promptly and cheer- 
fully to another call to arms, although 
certainly to many, I think to a large 
majority, of our citizens the need for 
war seemed doubtful and the merits 
of our quarrel open to dispute. With 
this experience, no one can reason- 
ably deny that patriotism has been 
and is today a living- force among 
Americans; why is this force appar- 
ently so weak in the works of peace 
while it is so strong in the works 
of war? Why do thousands of men 
of whom every one would hasten to 
enlist should the need arise for sol- 
diers, shirk or betray their duties as 
citizens, go a-lishing on election day, 
or vote for the Boss' candidate with 
no better reason to give their con- 
science or their country than was giv- 
en by one of the worst of our politi- 
cians when he said: "I am a Demo- 
crat." 

In my opinion, this is partly be- 
cause some of us misconceive the na- 
ture of patriotism and therefore un- 
derrate its consequence and possible 
influence for good; partly because 
many more of us fail to see the neces- 
sity and intimate connection between 
the character of our government in all 



it- branches il, state and mu- 

id th.- continued vitality ol 

ism To my mind, a trace, 

although a trai if the i on 

n of ideas existing a- to whal 
patriotism means, is found in Miss 
Abbott's description of our immi- 
grant-' patriotism as "emotional," this 
adjective, whether so intended or not. 
wili seem to some people as deprecia- 
tory; the Italians and Greeks and Rus- 
sian Jews, to whom she refers, would 
furnish, so such people think, more 
promising raw material for good citi- 
zens were their patriotism of a dif- 
ferent type. But surely, "unemotional 
patriotism" would lie a contradiction 
in terms: one would as reasonably 
speak of "unemotional" love or hat- 
red, friendship or enmity; all these 
things are. or at least imply, "emo- 
tions;" if the emotion isn't there, the 
thing itself isn't there. No doubt, 
merely emotional manifestations of 
patriotism, even when sincere and 
spontaneous, are of minor merit and 
minor utility; a good mother has more 
important duties to fulfil toward her 
children than to kiss them. But, as a 
matter of fact, she will kiss them if 
she loves them with her whole heart, 
and unless she loves them with her 
whole heart, she will not make them 
a really good mother. So there is 
no need and little use for us to in- 
dulge in mild hysterics over our coun- 
try's flag; but unless, in very truth, 
our country's flag really is for us 
something more than a piece of parti- 
colored bunting, we have not that 
within us which would make us really 
patriots. * * * 

It is important to remember that 
although superficial observers have of- 
ten said, and still say sometimes, that 
a city is a "business corporation, to 
be run on business principles," this 
utterance combines a statement sub- 
stantially true with another essential- 
ly false. The affairs of a city ought 
to be "run on business principles," 
just as the affairs of a church or a 
college or a hospital or an asylum 
ought to be "run on business princi- 
ples;" that is to say, in all these 
cases, the institution's money ought to 
be made go as far as it will go and 
get all that it can get. A man who 
voluntarily works three days to do 
what he might do as well by working 
one is simply a fool; and, since mon- 
ey is, after all, merely past labor set 
aside for future use, like the electrici- 
ty in a storage battery, that man is 
no less a fool who spends three dol- 
lars of his own money to get what he 
could get by spending one; if he shall 
thus spend money which is not his 
own, money given him to spend for 
the good of others, and such is the 
,:a;e of .every improvident trustee, 
public or private, then he is some- 
thing far worse than a fool. But it 
is wholly untrue that a municipality 
is a "business corporation" in the 
same sense as a bank or a railroad 
or a trading company. Like every 
other form of human government, it 
cxi.-ts to make those subject to its 
sway happy through righteousness; 
and, io attain this great end. it needs 
the aid of all those agencies which 
""preserve and strengthen and purify 



organized hum:. one of 

tism. 

As I have already intimated, I de- 
fine patriotism a- a form .if affection, 
itir country ; for our 

try. nut, of course, in tin 
part of the earth'- physii 

.en in the sense of the pi 
dwelling within it- limit-, but 
hired to the mind a- a separate 
a being exercising the powers and ful 

filling the duties of 

* * * 

The conception of a nation as a llv 

in. distinct, 
each individual dwelling under it- 
rule, lint from the aggregate of in- 
dividual- who may so dwell al 
particular moment, i- no less true 
than profound; the American nation 
i- nol one toda) ami another torn* n 
row. although within every twenty 

four iioiu-s thousands of Americans 

ire born and other thousand- die, 
many foreigner- become Americans 
and - ime Americans become foreign 
ers; any more than I am another man 

at thi- instant from what I was live 
minutes since, although some atoms 
of matter have certainly, entered into 
and some have no less certainly left 
my body while I spoke to you; the 
same nation whose baptismal certifi- 
cate was singed on that summer morn- 
ing one hundred and thirty-four years 
ago now overshadows the New 
World, jll-t as surely as your Presi- 
dent this evening is the same man 
who first drew breath. — we will not 
say how- raanv years since. A nation 
is, in brief, a person, not a multitude 
of persons who, for certain purposes, 
are enabled in imagination or per- 
mitted by positive law to act and be 
dealt with as one; a real, living being, 
not a fiction of jurists or a conscious 
creation of the mind; and from the 
instinctive recognition of the truth 
land signincancte of its personality 
arises the sentiment which we call 
"patriotism." 

For the great being, with and under 
whom we live, and of whom we, in 
some sense, form part, towers over 
each one of us as a source of incalcul- 
able good, a picture of extraordinary 
beauty. Almost everything which 
makes for happiness in our days and 
nights, material comfort, personal se- 
curity, opportunities for fruitful toil 
and untroubled rest, possibilities of 
increased enlightenment, systematic 
beneficence, orderly freedom, all 
these things and, in, fact, all that 
makes a civilized man better and more 
fortunate than a savage, I had well- 
nigh said than a brute, depend for 
existence, in. last resort, on that sword 
of sovereignty which is wielded by the 
strong arm of the nation. This rises 
between the spoiled and his prey, 
shelteis the weak, gives a sanction 
to promises, makes justice real and 
peace more than another name for 
bondage; no man ever has owed, or 
can owe to any purely human institu- 
tion the debt which every man in a 
civilized Christian nation owes to his 
country. * * * 

No one truly doubts that we are a 
patriotic people; what ought such a 
people to think with due regard to 
consistency and common sense, of 
selfish and unscrupulous political in- 
triguers who may perhaps themselves 
impudently pose as "tpatriots," but 
would make every public office and 
every function of our government, 
national, state and municipal, a source 
of illicit and disgraceful private gain? 

The conception of a nation as a 
vast endless chain of humanity, 'coiled 
over the ages, with unnumbered links 
in heaven and other myriads among 
those yet to live, implies of necessity 
that public office is a trust in a wider, 
a more imperative, a more sacred 
sense than the word usually bears. 
The magistrate is a trustee, not mere- 
ly for his countrymen of today, they 
are hut a small fraction of his cetteux 
one trustent; authority is placed in 
his hands that he make fruitful the 
merits and sacrifices of the dead, that 



1 the virtue and happi 

in a f 

ding i"r thi 
mi'iii 
lure t 

and comm 

their 

to til. . Im-e 

ercsl 

i... . . ivho ....!. 

til.' people'- COn! intl.lllling 

oi prejudice- and awakening 
;i. .pul. ii passions, t.. the end th 
and his like nui pr ifil from the pei 
pi. I... a In .... li ..i -.i. red trust and 

fulness ..I divinely imp 
duty, i- .in . nemj to luimanil | a 
thousand^ ild worse than a pois 

If we suffer such a- he to guidi and 
rule us, it is nothing in the purp > e 
that we may have free institutions; a 
government, like every other contrn 
ancc of man or production of nature, 
must be judged Ky its fruits.. How 
ever we may talk about it. the world 
of American democracy will be 
gauged, in the irreversible judgment 
of history by a true answer to one 
question, namely: — To what manner 
of men does it entrust political pow- 
er? The one thing essential to g 1 

government is good men to govern; 
where, as here, every citizen forms 
part of the government, if the gov- 
ernment lie bad. the citizens are un- 
worthy Let us study then the gov- 
ernment of our city and state and 
country; let us recognize the shame- 
ful abuses that too often infest al- 
most every branch of administration; 
let us make ourselves feel the degrad- 
ation of our politics and the meanness 
and selfishness of our public men; 
and then let us see to it that all these 
wrongs are righted, by making sure 
that those who shall deal with them 
know and love the right. 



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RESIDENT AND BUSINESS 
PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



THE PROGRESS AND NEEDS OF THE 
UNIVERSIfY OF CALIFORNIA 



President Wheeler Reports to 
Governor of the State. 



the 



The biennial report of the president 
of the university to the Governor of 
the state is issued this week. Dr. 
Wheeler summarizes at the outset the 
external evidences of the growth of 
the university, making special refer- 
ence to increase in student enrollment, 
the Doe Library building, the Boalt 
Hall of Law, the agricultural building, 
foundations for which are now being 
laid, the zoological museum, the Sa- 
ther gateway, the tennis courts, the 
swimming pool, the agricultural dem- 
onstration train, the affiliation with 
the Los Angeles medical department, 
the marine biological station at La 
Jolla, the extension of the university 
publications, the establishment of the 
seismological station at the univer- 
sity, the final taking over of the Kear- 
ney estate, and the reorganization of 
the administrative part of the univer- 
sity by the creation of salaried dean- 
ships. 

Among the needs of the university, 
buildings take prominent place as the 
most urgent. The chemical labora- 
tory, designed to accommodate 150 
students, is now called upon to shelter 
1000; North Hall, weakened by age 
and thoroughly outworn, is a standing 
fire menace to the magnificent Doe 
Library immediately on the left fac- 
ing north; the department of draw 
ing is being crowded out of East Hall 
by the expansion of physics and zo- 
ology; classes in botany have to be 
conducted in the ill-lighted garret, 
which was never designed to be used 
as a place of instruction. The profes- 
sors of physics, geology, and mineral- 
ogy are crowded and cramped for 
room in South Hall. There should 
be an auditorium for great assembly 
days. The unprecedented increase in 
rents in Berkeley and the expense to 
which the students are put for room 
and board make dormitories and com- 
mons a pressing need. Among other 
needs enumerated by Dr. Wheeler are 
these: the demand for a properly 
manned and equipped medical depart- 
ment; money for the adequate main 
tenance and progress of work at the 
Lick Observatory, which the president 
says "ranks everywhere in the world 
as work of the hiehest order;" the 
desirability of establishing in the not 
distant future a school of forestry; 
further appropriations for the work 
of the extension department in agri- 
culture, which is of vast and increasing 
importance to the farmers of the 
state; the advantages that would come 
from a rurchase outright of a perma- 
nent site for the summer school of 
surveying, which, says Dr. Wheeler, 
"has no peer, or so far as I know, 
rival except in the same institution 
connected with Columbia University:" 
the urgency of a state high school, 
under control of the university, to be 
utilized in the training of teachers. 
To attract and hold teachers the 
President says our salary scale should 
be hieher; at present it is quite de- 
cidedly below that of the leading in- 
stitutions nf the East. The result is 
that ambitious young teachers are at- 
tracted back toward the East, "where 
the stimulus arising from association 
is greater and the opportunities of sci- 
entific and educational assemblies, of 
libraries, and other equipments are su- 
perior." Reference is made to the 
first volume of publications of the 
Academy of Pacific Coast History. 
The_ Bancroft Library is under the di- 
rection and management of the cura- 
tor of the academy, and it is of far 
more than ordinary importance to rile 
state, containing as it does the body 
of birth certificates of California. 
The first volume of publications of 



the Academy including papers by 
members of the staff or the faculty is 
now printed. The provision by the 
Native Sons of the Golden West of a 
fellowship for the study of California 
history opens the way to further pro- 
ductive utilization of this library. 

Great activity has prevailed during 
the biennium at the infirmary. Last 
year 2,272 students received dispen- 
sary 'treatment. At the beginning of 
the year, when the medical examina- 
tions are in progress, five physicians 
have been regularly occupied, and 
throughout the year three physicians 
give a considerable portion of their 
time to the work of the infirmary. 

More general participation in col- 
lege athletics is desirable. The great 
intercollegiate contests, says Dr. 
Wheeler, "should be only the outward 
and final tests representative of the 
normal athletic life of the student 
body at home. If they are not based 
upon such a life they are vain and hol- 
low pageants. . . . The university does 
not propose to undertake the develop- 
ment of gladiators and other athletic 
specialists. It encourages athletic 
srorts for the good of the whole stu- 
dent body to the end that the great- 
est possible number may share the full 
vigor of manhood." New tennis 
courts have therefore been provided, — 
nine so far, and the hope is to make 
it twenty. The old field west of Cali- 
fornia Hall is opened to intercollegiate 
teams. Another baseball field is being 
graded west of California Field. The 
swimming pool is nearing completion. 
A new running track will be built in 
the immediate future. Outdoor hand 
ball and basket ball courts should be 
provided. 

Dr. Wheeler makes reference to the 
comparative scholarship records of 
the average student and the members 
of fraternities and clubs. Reports re- 
cently compiled show that the scholar- 
shin of men in the fraternities falls 
seriously below that of the average 
male student. The scholarship of 
club members is a little above that of 
the- average male student. Eight of 
the ten clubs outstripped the general 
student average, whereas in the twen- 
tv-two fraternities only two accom- 
plished this. Fraternities, however, 
are alive to the fact and are taking ac- 
tive steps^ looking toward more earn- 
est attention to matters of scholarshio 
among their members. Student self- 
government progresses steadily. 

If extension courses be included, the 
number of persons enrolled under the 
university's management and in enjoy- 
ment of its income is at this date 
S 8?4. In closing the reoort, Dr. 
Wheeler savs of Professor Stringham, 
who's* death occurred in October, 
1909: "He was able and patient and 
wise, and all that he was he gave with 
a fullness of loyalty rarely equalled to 
the service of this University." 

Subsidiary renorts follow that of the 
President. These include reports from 
the Lick Observatory. San Francisco 
Institute of Art, Hastings College of 
Law, Medical Department in San 
Francisco. Medical Department in 
Los Angeles, Dental Department, De- 
nartment of Pharmacy, Wilmerding 
School, _ Marine Biological' Station, 
University Library, Academy of Pa- 
cific Coast History (the Bancroft Li- 
brary), University Press, California 
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, In- 
firmary, Dean of the Lower Division 
(Advisor), Dean of Women, Dean of 
the Summer Session, University Ex- 
tension. Examiner of Schools, Alumni 
Secretary, Appointment Secretary. 

The report of curator of the aca- 
demy of Pacific Coast history, of the 
scientific director of the marine bio- 
logical station, of the dean of the Los 



Angeles medical school, and the direc- 
tor of the California museum of verte- 
brate zoology appear of course for the 
first time, since these institutions wert 
founded during the biennium. The 
report includes further a record of 
university meetings, public lectures 
and addresses, half-hours of music in 
the. Greek Theatre, deaths of members 
of the university, published writings 
of the officers of the university, and 
lists of gifts, followed finally by cer- 
tain statistical addenda. In all, the 
report is probably the largest which 
has appeared in the history of the uni- 
versity, numbering 396 pages. 

It may be stated finally, as a mattet 
likely to be of general interest to the 
people of the state, that the examiner 
of schools in reporting to the Presi- 
dent calls attention to the increasing 
excellence of California high schools. 
Our students in the first half year of 
the college course appear to be doing 
distinctly abler work than they 
achieved in former years. It is also 
a matter of interest that tables pre- 
pared by the examiner suggest that 
students from California high schools 
attain in general decidedly higher 
scholarship records than those from 
non-California schools. This situation 
is a pride and honor to the state. 



Where the Railroads 
Stand Now 



In the railroad rate hearing at 
Washington, Mr. Brandeis demon- 
strated by witnesses that there is a 
science of efficiency, a science of re- 
ducing costs; that it has been applied 
in a large number of the most import- 
ant industries of the United States 
and Europe, and that it has resulted 
in increased wages to the laborer, in- 
creased profit to the employer, and 
lower prices to the consumer. That 
the proof was complete and satisfac- 
tory is shown by the following utter- 
ances from the two members of the 
Interstate Commerce Commission who 
sat as judges in the matter: 

"Commissioner Prouty — Mr. Brand- 
eis, you can hardly add anything to 
your case by calling the representa- 
tive of some other industry and show- 
ing that "these same principles have 
been applied there. It is perfectly 
evident that if they have been ap- 
plied in one case they can be applied 
in_ another analogous case. If the 
railroads were to show, in answer, 
some facts which tended to prove that 
they could not be applied to railroad 
operations, then you might desire to 
go further; but it seems to me you 
have made out your case now as far 
as it can be made out. . . . (Pages 
33S7-3388.) 

"Commissioner Clements (sitting as 
chairman) — Of course this thing could 
be carried on and on almost indefinite- 
ly with respect to different lines of 
business. 

"Mr. Brandeis — It could, indeed. 

"Commissioner Clements — And 

when you have shown that fact and 
what you have done with respect to 
several kinds of business, and the de- 
tails of it, so far as it may be helpful 
to any extent, does not that illustrate 
the possibilities in all lines of business 
just as well as if you were to call 
them in other cases? 

"Mr. Brandeis — It does to my mind 
absolutely. . . ." 

The significant point here is con- 
tained in the words of Commissioner 
Prouty: 

"If the railroads were to s'how, in 
answer, some facts which tended to 
prove that they (the principles of ef- 
ficiency}- could not be applied to rail- 
road operations. . . .". 

That is precisely the point. The 
railroads have offered no evidence in 
rebuttal of Mr. Brandeis's proof. Ob- 
viously, if they continue to ask for 



higher rates, they must show either 
(1), that the railroads have already 
put the science of efficiency into prac- 
tice, or (2), that there is something 
in the nature of railroading which 
makes the adoption of the science of 
efficiency impossible in that particular 
industry. The railroads do not claim 
the first; in the second lies their only 
opportunity. Before they can in good 
faith ask for higher rates, and before 
the Interstate Commerce Commission 
can in fairness grant them, the rail- 
road managers must show that there 
is something inherent in their business 
which prevents them from doing what 
has already been done in the Bethle- 
hem Steel Works, in the Panhard au- 
tomobile factories, in making concrete 
in Mr. Frank Gilbreth's contracting 
business, in the manufacture of cotton, 
and in other similar industries. — Col- 
lier's. 



PRESIDENT TAFT'S OPPORTUN- 
ITY 



Gifford Pinchot believes that the 
protection of the public interest in the 
Alaska coal lands is not worrying the 
interior department. 

The ex-chief forester fears that the 
interior department is planning to 
patent the Cunningham claims. 

In which belief and fear the vast 
majority of those who have followed 
the Pinchot-Ballinger controversy 
and the subsequent antics of the ma- 
jority of the investigating board will 
concur. 

Pinchot would have the President 
look after the people's rights. 

"It unfortunately is impossible to 
look with confidence to the officials 
of the interior department for an un- 
biased judgment in this matter, and 
it is clear the protection of the pub- 
lic interest in these Alaskan coal 
lands must depend directly upon the 
President himself" — he says. 

And Pinchot is right, particularly in 
so far as he refers to the interior de- 
partment. 

Ballinger has shown conclusively 
that he wishes to hand over to his 
friends — the Guggenheims and Mor- 
gans — as much of the immensely valu- 
able coal lands of Alaska as it is pos- 
sible for him to do. 

His attorney's brief contained the 
following statement: 

"An examination of the record of 
the Cunningham hearings reveals . 
. . that the Cunningham claims are 
not fraudulent, but true." 

As Pinchot says, "it is difficult to 
avoid the conclusion that these deli- 
berate assertions made by the attor- 
ney for Mr. Ballinger do not repre- 
sent the opinion of the latter that the 
claims are valid and should be pat- 
ented." 

The Morgan-Guggenheim syndicate 
owns at least a half interest in these 
claims, hence Ballinger in patenting 
them would be handing over to his 
friends that which belongs to the 
whole people. 

No relief can be had among the 
subordinates in the interior depart- 
ment. It is true that Ballinger refus- 
ed to act in behalf of the government 
on the ground that he formerly rep- 
resented the Cunningham claimants, 
and accordingly has turned over all 
responsibility to those under him. 
Nevertheless, his unqualified endorse- 
ment of the validity of the claims can- 
not fail to have great weight with his ' 
subordinates. 

All of which goes to show that it 
is time for President Taft to take a 
hand in the matter. 

He has been advised to relieve Bal- 
linger of his onerous duties, but so far 
has refused to do so. He is now ad- 
vised to look after the interests of 
the people in the Alaska coal lands. 

Immediate action is necessary, as 
once the claims are patented there is 
no appeal to the courts. 

Will President Taft act?— Oakland 
Enquirer. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




t&tvt 




"Madame X" 

•ably the Majestic Theater has 
never offered a more remarkable pro- 

n than the superb presentation 
of Alexandre Bisson's great melo- 
drama. "Madame X," which this 
week's audiences have followed with 
the tense interest, the overflowing 
sympathy, the almost devotional at- 
tention which only a masterpiece can 
compel. The intense moving power 
of this notably successful play has 
mment in every 
newspaper and magazine notice it has 
received, so that all who go to see it 
anticipate something of its influence, 
yet it is doubtful if anyone expects to 
be as profoundly stirred as he is. The 




Hymack, "The Chamelecn Comedian," 
Orpheum Next Week 

courtroom scene especially is so strik- 
ing in conception, so graphic and im- 
pressive in execution, that any de- 
scription would be a poor one. 

The central idea, that of a wreck 
of a woman being defended in court 
for murder by her young son, who 
does not know her and whom she has 
not seen during her twenty years' ex- 
istence in the underworld after being 
driven from her husband's home, is 
melodramatic enough, but the coin- 
cidence of it is not more fantastic, 
more relentless, than mortal life it- 
self, and the heart-aches involved 
merely visualize realistically one 
phase of the great heartache of hu- 
man love and sorrow. And finally, 
the faultless technique of it all be- 
speaks the master hand, even to the 
sharp flashes of humor which illumine 
the sordid pages of this universal 
drama just often enough to save the 
audience from too prolonged suffer- 
ing. 

Miss Adeline Dunlap in the name 
part achieves a remarkable creation, 
remarkable in the wide range and 



pulsating intensity of its emotions. 
From her first entrance in the polish- 
-lurc and bloom of lovely and 
beloved womanhood to her pathetic 
death scene after her acquittal, she 
keeps one's sympathy in a constant 
state of upheaval. 

Howard Gould is excellent as Flor- 
iot. the husband, particularly in the 
later scenes, when his dignity appear- 
ed compatible with advancing years. 

As the son, Raymond, Robert Ober 
does a fine piece of work, complete 
in all its youthful buoyancy, energy 
and keenness of feeling. 

As the sleek rascal, Laroque, Ed- 
win Forsberg is capital, while the 
character parts of the two confidence 
men are portrayed with magic touch 
by James Cooper and L. J. Loring. 
Dorothy Russell Lewis. 



Bob Blake at the Mason 

There is a central character in 
"The Traveling Salesman" who is 
quite funny and natural and lovable 
"and all that," but this Bob Blake, 
the drummer hero, is a promontory of 
excellence on the face of an other- 
wise undistinguished production. If 
it were not for the aplomb and con- 
tagious jollility with which Mark 
Smith, in the role of Bob Blake, meets 
and defeats the stagey situations, this 
would seem quite below the standard 
of attractions which the public is ac- 
customed to see at the Mason. 

There is a wealth of the "slang of 
the road," heaped up in the four acts 
of "The Traveling Salesman," and 
some of the glimpses of the commer- 
cial traveler's hot-foot life are very 
good, as for instance, the poker game 
of the four disconsolate con artists 
in the bleak room of the "Elite Ho- 
tel" at Grand Crossing one certain 
Christmas night. 

But in general the dramatic ele- 
ment of the composition is very much 
strained, and the same expression 
which has been used of late by avia- 
tors hereabouts to describe an un- 
even meteological condition — "the air 
is full of holes, like Swiss cheese" — 
might be employed to -describe the 
dramatic atmosphere of "The Travel- 
ing Salesman." Certainly James 
Forbes' other comedies are more con- 
sistently sustained than this one. 

As has been inferred, .Mark Sn»ith 
is just about as good as he possibly 
could be in the rollicking drummer 
role, and the more serious moments of 
the play he handles with the same 
well balanced self-confidence which 
makes his merry moments so infecti- 
ous. The supporting company is an 
ordinary one. 

L. B. 



Varied Attractions at the Orpheum 

The Orpheum bill of the past week 
carried the audience, in the short space 
of a couple of hours, all the way from 
classical music to ragtime and from 
serious drama to the most frivolous 
comedy. 

Scheda, violinist, is a performer of 
decided ability and would be a draw- 
ing attraction even without the novel 
stage setting he adopts for his act. 
Thfs stage setting is particularly good, 
the whole idea being original and the 
effect well worked out; The introduc- 
tory orchestra measures, the gradual 
dawning of the ghostly light, the 
player's costume, all serve to enhance 
the effectiveness of the three solos 
played by Scheda. Whether his inter- 
pretation of the "Spring Song" was 
adanted to the supposed requirements 
of Orpheum audiences, or was the ex- 
pression of the performer's own idea 
of how it should b« played remains 



a mystery to the listener familiar with 
the number. 

A iccond hearing of "T 

impression of the preceding week — it 
laylel of real worth. 
Marvelous Griffith is all he is 
claimed to be — and more — while Cook 
and Lorcnz supply some really funny 
ise. Another laugh-producer of 
fair quality is an act by the Quigley 
Brothers. Held over from last week 
were the Meredith Sisters, the Duffin- 
Rcdcay Troupe and Radie Furman. 
M. R. T. 



"Smiles and Tears" 

"Quincy Adam? Sawyer." the quaint 
rural comedy played at the Burbank 
Theater this week, was full of the 
genuine rural life and mirth which 
the name implies. From start to fin- 
ish there was hardly a moment when 
the audience did not get a good laugh. 

The Burbank stock company, equal 
to any occasion, entered into the spir- 
it of the play and depicted the char- 
acter? so cleverly that it was hard to 
realize it was merely acting. 

Miss Marjorie Rambeau makes the 
most of an exceedingly hard part, that 
of the village bell, who looses and 
then regains her eyesight. By/ron 



Beasley is well accepted as the city 
man who is the good angel of the 
village. David Hartford has a strong 
and plays it so. Charles Rug- 
in his part of the ignorant coun- 
try youth gains the top notch of suc- 
ind keeps the audience laughing 
when ever he is brought conspicn 
into the firing line. He is certainly a 
happy addition to the company. 

J. L. Barnard. 

COMING ATTRACTIONS 

Frederic Thompson's production of 
"Polly of the Circus," with Miss Ida 
St. Leon in Margaret Mayo's Ameri- 
can play, will be seen at the Mason 
Opera House for a week's engage- 
ment, opening Monday evening, Jan. 
9. In the construction of this drama 
Miss Mayo went off the beaten path 
cf playwrights and achieved a story 
as. refreshing as it is original, the part 
of Polly showing with admirable fi- 
delity the life of a pretty little circus 
rider and the doings in the mystic 
land behind the scenes in the big tent, 
as well as pictures of the daily events 
in a small village of the Middle West. 

Polly, from whom the play derives 
its title, is the head of the circus, and 
having been severely injured by a fall 
from her horse, is carried to the par- 



A 



UDITORIUM 

Theatre Beautiful 



L. E. BEHYMER 

Manager 



NEXT FRIDAY AFTERNOON, JANUARY 13, 3:00 O'CLOCK 

L. A. Symphony Orchestra 

HARLEY HAMILTON, Director 

Soloist, Mme. Gerville-Reache, Contralto 

Seat prices, 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50. Bartlett's Music Store. 



flBPHFIIM THFATRF VAUDEVtU E Sprin, Si., Bet. 2d & 3d Mat. E».ryD M Both Phonei 
UnrnxUITI UlLHInC 1447 M.U. 10c, 25c, 50c. Ni«ht, I0c, 2Sc, 50c, 75c 

New Bill Starting Monday Matinee, Jan. 9 



MR. HYMACK, 

The Chameleon Comedian. 
HARLAN E. KNIGHT & CO. 

"The Chalk Line." 
THE FOUR VANIS, 

Marvelous Wire Walkers. 
THOMAS & HALL, 

"The Substitute." 



"MARVELOUS" GRIFFITH, 

The Human Adding Machine. 
COOK & LORENZ, 

The Gentlemen Tramps. 
QUIGLEY BROS., 

Song and Dance Comedians. 
SCHEDA, 

Paganini's Ghost. 



Orpheum Motion Pictures 



M 



ASON OPERA HOUSE 



W. T. WYATT 
Manager 



"Polly of the Circus" 

PRICE MATINEE WEDNESDAY— SOc, 



ALL NEXT WEEK- 
MATINEE SATURDAY. 
Frederick Thomosnn's 
SPECIAL POPULAR 
75c and $1.00. 

NOTE — After the Matinee Performance Wednesday all children 
be invited to come on the stage and play and romp with "Polly" 
ride the circus horses and trick Shetland Ponies. 
REGULAR PRICES— 50c to $1.50. SEATS NOW ON SALE. 
COMING: "THE DOLLAR PRINCESS." 



will 
and 



H 



"A Gentleman from Mississippi" 



AM BURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 

Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco, Mgr. Near Ninth 
Beginning Sunday Night, Jan. 8 
Wm. A. Brady Presents the 

Great Comedy Hit 
The play thatmade all America laugh. Now in its third triumphantyear. 

Prices — 50c to $1.50 nights and Saturday Matinees. Popular Matinee 
Wednesday. 

Coming— JEFFERSON DE ANGELIS in "The Beauty Spot." 

OROSCCT'S BURBANK THEATER Main Street ~ 

Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company Near Sixth 

2ND WEEK BEGINS SUNDAY MATINEE, JAN. 8 
The Most Entertaining Drama This Season — The Critics Agree. 

"QUINCY ADAMS SAWYER" 

Prices — 25c, 50c, 75c. Matinees Saturdays, Sundays. Holidays, 10c, 
25c, 50c. Coming— Running This Way Fast— "THE FOX." 



M 



u 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



sonage adjoining the circus lot. Her 
recovery of health under the super- 
vision of the village preacher, forms 
the basis for a pretty love story. 

The company engaged in its pre- 
sentation is said to be competent. A 
feature of the engagement here will 
be the special children's matinee on 
Wednesday, when the little ones will 
be invited back of the scenes to pet 
the horses and play with and ride the 
little ponies. 

-Following "Polly of the Circus," 
at the Mason Opera House, Charles 
Frohman presents the musical success, 
"The Dollar Princess." The com- 
pany includes, one hundred people, 
with an augmented orchestra of 
thirty. 

The attraction at the Majestic next 
week beginning Sunday night will be 
"A Gentleman from Mississippi," a 
comedy of Washington social and po- 
litical life, by Harrison Rhodes and 
Thomas A. Wise. It is now in its 
third year and comes here under the 
management of Wm. A. Brady. The 



ably rewards the loyalty of Bud 
Haines by bestowing the younger 
daughter on him. 

While the story wouid appear to 
have a serious strain, still the entire 
plot is worked out with a vein of 
comedy and there is one continuous 
laugh from beginning to end of the 
performance. 

Mystery, skill and mirth are the 
three features of the new Orpheum 
bill that opens with the Monday mat- 
inee Jan. 9. 

Mr. Hymack heads the list. Hy- 
mack is an Englishman who calls 
himself "the chameleon comedian," 
and his act consists mostly in fun. He 
makes rapid changes in his personal 
and sartorial appearance, yet does it 
all right before his audience, and de- 
fies anyone to say how it is done. 
The result is a baffling mystery that 
is none the less interesting because its 
mechanism cannot be probed. 

The new sketch is by Una Clayton, 
and is presented by Harlan E. Knight 
& Co. It treats of two old grouches 



"The Bathing Girls," with Glen- 
wood Hall and a bevy of pretty girls, 
will be along soon. 




Scene from "Polly of the Circus," M ason Opera House Next Week 



story of the play revolves around the 
advent into public life of a Mississippi 
planter, who had hitherto devoted 
more time to the development of his 
plantation than to the promotion of 
political jobs. Good fortune brings 
him and a clever young newspaper 
man, Bud Haines, together on the day 
of Senator Langdon's arrival in the 
national capital; and Bud, accepting 
the post of secretary to the new Sen- 
ator, guides the latter through all the 
pitfalls of political life there without a 
single mishap. Langdon has two 
daughters whom he brings with him 
to Washington. The elder becomes en- 
gaged to a Congressman from his na- 
tive state, who induces her to place 
the inheritance she has received from 
her mother's estate in a land company 
which has bought considerable prop- 
erty in a Gulf seaport, with the ex- 
pectation that a bill will be passed 
making this pla<ce a naval base. Her 
brother is also induced to invest mon- 
ey belonging to his father and places 
the latter in the power of the politi- 
cians who are engineering the deal 
and who need the new Senator's co- 
operation. Senator Langdon adroitly 
outwits his enemies, saves his honor 
and his fortune, releases his elder 
daughter from her engagement with 
the scheming Congressman and suit- 



who live in one room divided by a 
chalk line, and neither dares cross 
this line, A girl enters into their 
scheme of enmity, and how she re- 
solves all into pleasure and happiness 
is the real plot of the little play. 

The four Vanis are experts on the 
tight wire and the quartette, two boys 
and two girls, is not excelled by many 
similar groups. They do spectacular 
stunts on a tight wire, and do them 
with ah ease and grace that is capi- 
tivating. 

Lou Hall and Hilda Thomas have 
"The Substitute," but it is not to be 
taken seriously. It is merely a ve- 
hicle for clever foolery and fun, and 
in it Mr. Hall gives a representation 
of a rubel, the while he proves a fine 
foil for Miss Thomas. 

"Marvelous" Griffith, the wonder in 
figures, Cook & Lorenz, Quigley 
brothers, and Scheda are held over on 
the new bill, and with motion pic- 
tures, they complete a bill of much 
variety. 

The Orpheum Road show will be 
here Jan. 23 and 30, and Alice Lloyd 
will join it here the latter date. La 
Pia. the danseuse, and Rigoletto 
brothers, who do almost everything 
that is comprised in a stage reper- 
toire, are the star features this sea- 
son. 



"Quincy Adams Sawyer" will be 
repeated at the Burbank for the 
week beginning with the matinee Sun- 
day. "Quincy Adams Sawyer" is en- 
tertaining because it does not pretend 
to do anything else. It is a lively 
picture of a community back in New 
England, where a number of incidents 
occur in quick succession, and give oc- 
casion for much merriment with an 
undertone of pathos which gives it 
human interest without allowing it at 
any time to become sad. 

The cause of all the rumpus is the 
arrival of an energetic youth from 
Boston in a quiet village. It has about 
the same effect as putting a whale in 
a millpond. It is one of those neigh- 
borhoods where everyone knows ev- 
eryone else's private affairs, so Quin- 
cy Adams Sawyer soon becomes 
tangled up in the lives of half of the 
natives. Then the fun begins. The 
city youth knocks out the vdlage bul- 
ly, buys the village store, straightens 
out the village romance which is go- 
ing awry, outwits the village mischief- 
maker, and finally marries the village 
belle after he has had her blindness 
cured. He is the busiest little person 
you ever saw, and yet it all happens 
quite naturally. 

Following "Quincy Adams Sawyer," 
Lee Arthur's comedy drama, "The 
Fox," will be given its premiere. This 
is the play which Manager Morosco 
likes so well that he bought the rights 
for the entire world, and will give Los 
Angeles the first view of the produc- 
tion which he will stage in its same 
form in 'New York next season. 



Wilton Lackaye is still fighting 
lustily in "The Battle" and telling 
"tall ones" between times. The oth- 
er day he went into his club shiver- 
ing. 

" 'The drear November days are 
here,' " he chanted dolefully, "or al- 
most at any rate, and soon we'll all 
be frozen stiff as we are every winter 
in this beautiful climate. The only 
thing we have to be thankful for is 
that New York isn't as cold as Mon- 
tana. I can recollect one winter while 
I was out there, when a sheep, jump- 
ing from a hillock, became suddenly 
frozen on the way, and stuck in the 
air like a mass of ice." 

"But, man," exclaimed one of his 
interested listeners, "the law of grav- 
ity wouldn't allow that." 

"I know that," replied Lackaye 
gravely. "But the law of gravity was 
frozen, too!" — Young's Magazine. 



Unnecessary Howling 

Inspector E. B. Helburg of the 
State Dairy and Food Department 
was talking about a certain restau- 
rant in St. Paul. 

"Why, it's as bad as the hotel up 

at ," naming a middle-sized town 

in the iron range. 

"The landlord up there does not 
come out and say 'Dinner is ready,' 
as they do at ordinary places," he 
said. "He comes out with a big hand 
bell and rings it so it can be heard 
all over town. 

"I was sitting in the front room 
one day when he came out with the 
bell. The ringing made the dog set 
up a loud howl. 

" 'Shut up,' said the traveling man 
to the dog, 'you don't have to eat 
here!'" — St. Paul Pioneer Press. 



A JUDGE'S FEAR 

Speaking before the Twin City 
Bankers' Association, December IS, 
Judge Charles F. Amidon of the 
United States District Court at Fargo, 
N. D., said the founders of our gov- 
ernment were men who feared too 
.large a measure of popular govern- 
ment. The United States, he declared, 
is the safest country in the world for 
property, and the federal courts, con- 
struing the constitution, are the bul- 
wark of the people's rights. As re- 
ported in the Pioneer Press, he add- 
ed: 

"Put the people in direct control of 
government, give them primary re- 
form, the initiative, referendum, recall, 
and their legislation will represent the 
passing passions, prejudices and fears 
of the people. Then the courts will 
have to declare many more laws un- 
constitutional." 

In other words, Judge Amidon, like 
the framers of the constitution to 
whom he refers, fears democracy. 
When property rights interfere with 
human rights, then human rights must 
give way. Dollars are supreme; not 
Men. Therefore it is necessary to re- 
strict the opportunities for voicing 
the popular will. Given the tools 
wherewith to carve their will into 
law, the people will give expression 
to their "passing passions, preju- 
dices and fears," rather than to their 
intelligence, their patriotism, their 
good judgment. Let Judge Amidon, 
and those others who fear democracy 
and look to the courts to stand be- 
tween the people and the expression 
of their will in legislation, examine 
the experiences of Oregon. — La Fol- 
lettes. 



Precise. — A young Baltimore man 
has a habit of correcting carelessness 
in speech that comes to his notice. 
The other day he walked into a shop 
and asked for a comb. "Do you want 
a narrow man's comb?" asked the 
clerk. "No," said the customer, 
gravely. "I want a comb for a stout 
man with rubber teeth."— Baltimore 
American. 



PARTY LINES DISAPPEARING 



The most pronounced feature of the 
political situation in the United States 
today is the independence of the vot- 
ers of the Union. 

Party lines are more merely nom- 
inal now, and party leaders find in- 
creasing difficulty in controlling the 
electors through political organiza- 
tions or political machines. 

There is not a combine, a machine 
nor an organization in any state of the 
Union that can hold its ground or sur- 
vive under attacks based upon abuses 
of public interests. Partisan politics 
is moribund in the United States. 
— The Cincinnati Enquirer. 



Restricting Office Holders. Rich- 
mond, Va., has passed an ordinance 
prohibiting city officers from receiv- 
ing any compensation for services in 
relation to any proceedings in which 
the municipality may be interested. 
This legislation grew out of a vicious 
practice, and marks an era of public 
sentiment on an important subject. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music. Art, 
Science. Studios and Halls for all 
purposes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information anply to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway, 232 S. Hill St. Los Angeles, Cat. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 




MSIC 



program 
January 13, under the di- 
Harlcy Hamilton ;- 

It is the 
third concert and the soloist is to be 
Reache, the 

Golilniark 
■re, .mil a Busch prologue should 
invite 
mbcr to crowd the auditorium 
il solo from 
Orpheus and Eurydice, an aria from 
u of Sheba," with or- 
al accompaniment, will be given, 
riic program for Friday follow-: 




Mme. Gerville-Reache, Contralto, 
Simpson Auditorium Jan. 17 

PART I 
Symphony; in D Minor, op. 21(Sinding) 

Allegro moderato 
Andante 
Vivace 

Allegro maestoso 
Air, re Regal in His Low- Estate... 

(Gounod) 

PART II 
Prologue to "The Passing of Ar- 
thur" (Carl Busch) 

[ Have Lost My Eurydice (Or- 
pheus) (Gluck) 

Overture "Sankuntala" . . . (Goldmark) 
Soloist, Mme. Gerville-Reache. 

A new artist will be introduced to 
the music loving public of Los An- 
geles at Simpson Auditorium Tues- 
day evening. January 17. It is no less 
a personage than Jeanne Gerville- 
Reache, whose work at the Manhat- 
tan and Metropolitan opera houses in 
the last three seasons has won her 
the united praise of musical critics in 
llo. ton. New York and Chicago. 
When one has youth, beauty of an 
unusual type one has indeed been 
richly endowed. Mme. Reache has a 
wonderful range Her choice of 
songs is indicative of the highest art 
This will he her only appearance in 
recital in Los Angeles, and the pro- 




gram numbe 

- 
(b) "Mon cocur s'ouvrc a ta \ 

(Samson et Delila) (Saint- 
lie Nichl t Schumann) 

(M Der Erlkonig (Schubert) 

"Addio" ( Dedicated to Mme. 
ville-Reache | . .( Parelli i 
(m i Ana de la Cii Gio 

da) ( Ponchielli i 

(ci "Snide la Vampa" (II Trova- 

(Verdi) 

lu Slum',, r Son- i I I \\ are I 
Lovi '- Trinity . . .< R deKoi en I 
5 ia i Sir de Lia (L'Enfant Pro- 
digue) (1 >ebussj i 

(b) L'Anneau d'argenl (Chamin- 

adi 
id Chanson Slave . . . (Chaminade) 
(di Pl.aisirs d'amour (1741-1816) 

I .Martini). 
ie) D'une Prison ( R. Hahn) 



For the second time in a short per- 
iod New York was last week the 
scene of an opera premiere of world- 
wide interest; the occasion was the 
production for the first time on any 
stage of Humperdinck's opera, "Ko- 
nigskinder." The principal role was 
sung by Geraldine Farrar, who as. 
"The Goose Girl," made a decided 
success. Quotations follow- from Ar- 
thur Farwell's review of the music in 
Musical America: 

"To come straightway upon the 
heart of the present issue, "Konings- 
kinder as music, is the bread of life 
itself." 

"From first to last it glows — with 
radiant joy, with humor, with lofty 
pathos — and, above all, with love — 
love touched and expressed with an 
exalted beauty and purity of emotion, 
and with a completeness of expression 
for which one must look in vain 
among the music-makers of the time. 

"One comes away not merely or 
chiefly realizing the passions and af- 
fections of the characters through the 
visible action upon the stage; the or- 
chestra breathes them out in incredi- 
ble fulness and beauty. So rich is the 
orchestral score that it is quite con- 
ceivable that sections of 'Konings- 
kinder' could be given upon the pro- 
grams of symphony concerts with 
greatly satisfying musical effect. 

"The opera, as a whole, is melodic 
rather than dramatic. It has some 
short expressive motives, such as the 
horn call which represents the Ko- 
nigssohn (with which the prelude be- 
gins), but most of its melodies are 
longer breathed. The score is a most 
delicate and intricate web — though 
wholly lucid in its effect in perform- 
ance — of these motives and melodies. 
They are interwoven with a dual de- 
votion to beauty and skill that makes 
this score one of the most remarkable 
achievements of the time." 



The Jester's Bells 



Some Verse 
Eminent Poet i to his betroth' 
ling, how did you lik. 

I sen; Did it -eein I 

tender'-'' 

She — "Oh, it was lovely. I got 
seven-fifty for it at the church 
Fliegende Blaetter. 



Heredity 
Richard Harding Davis at a Foot- 
ball game in Philadelphia praised the 

voices of the young undergraduates 
shouting their weird college yells. "Il 

makes me think of a Locust Street 
-aid Mr. Davis, smiling, "She 
turned to her husband one night at 
dinner and remarked: 'My dear, the 
first time I -aw you was at Franklin 
Field. Your head was thrown back, 
your mouth wide open, and your face 
was very red — you were yelling your 
college yell.' 'Yes, 1 remember,' said 
the young man. 'And I noticed,' she 
continued, 'what a remarkable voice 
you had.' 'Yes, you spoke of -it at the 
time,' said he. 'But what makes you 
think ii it now?' 'Oh. nothing,' said 
the bride. 'Only I wish the baby 
hadn't inherited it. That's all.' " — 
Argonaut. 



Senator "Bob" Taylor, of Tennes- 
see, tells a story of how, when he was 
"Fiddling Bob," Governor of that 
State, an old negress came to him and 
said; "Massa Gov'na, we's .mighty 
po' this winter, and Ah wishes you 
would pardon mail old man. He is a 
fiddler same as you is, and he's in the 
peu'tentry." "What was he put in 
for?" asked the Governor. '"Stead of 
working fo' it, that good-fo'-nothin' 
nigger done stole some bacon." "If 
he is good for nothing, wdiat do you 
want him back for?" "Well, yo' see. 
we's all out of bacon ag'in," said the 
old negress innocently. — Cosmopoli- 
tan. 



That Trying Telephone 

Several evenings ago a young man 
repaired to a telephone office and rang 
up his sweetheart at her residence. 

"fs that you?" 

"Yes, George, dear," came the reply. 

".Are you alone?" 

"1 wish I was there." 

"I wish so, too." 

"If I was there do you know what 
1 would do with my darling?" 

"No George; I do not." 

And then somehow the lines got 
mixed, and this is what she heard: 
"Well I'd pull her ears back till she 
opened her mouth, and then I'd put a 
lump of mud in it. If that didn't an- 
swer. I'd give her a sound thrashing." 

And then Marion fainted. 

Now they never speak as they pass 
by, and the man who was talking to 
his farrier about a balky mare says 
that anybody who will advise a man 
to put his arms around the neck of an 
obstreperous horse and whisper words 
of love m its ear ought to be hanged. 
—Tit-Bits. 



All He Cared 
Earnest P nd a 

mm I i i thi td 

i it to me." 

Clerk — "Yes, sir, and your name?" 

. Pilgrim — "Oh, never mind 

ui. . .he'll understand." I tar 

\ard Lampoon. 



Beyond Words 

Doctor — Are you ill? Let me see 
your tongue. 

Poet — Ah, it is no use, no tongue 
'•an tell how bad I feel. — Columbia 
Jester. 



To Be Expected 

"I'm afraid your son is going to be 
one of the world's dreamers." 

"I'd be surprised if he wasn't," re- 
plied Mrs. McGudley. "The way he 
eats mhi'ce pie at night is something 
terrifyin'." — Washington Star. 



Frenchman — Pleasant woman, that! 
Is she unmarried? 

Chicagoan — Yes; twice. — Harper's 
Weekly. 



"Has the doctor a large practi 
"So large that when people have noth- 
ing the matter with them he tells them 
so." — Pittsburg Post. 



The Limit 

Jesting about railways of the South 
is rather an overworked profession. 
Before mason-jarring the crop, how- 
ever, let Senator Burton of Ohio have 
the floor. 

"Speaking of railroads," he says, 
"the ultimate word, in my experience, 
was a 'limited' on which I traveled in 
Georgia last summer. At a point 
where we were making our greatest 
speed a man 'stood at the side of the 
track with a moving picture machine. 
I leaned out of the window and called 
to him. 'How are you getting on?' 

"He stopped turning the crank, and 
spoke with an expression of deep dis- 
gust. 

"'It don't seem to be no use,' he 
said. 'Hold your head still, please. I 
want to get a time exposure.' " — Ev- 
erybody's. 



All Right Otherwise 

A Missouri darkey was endeavoring 
to sell a mule to a Jefferson City man, 
who, however, was in doubt as to the 
animal's age. 

"If," said he, "this mule is as young 
as you claim, why is it that he bends 
so at the knees?" 

"Oh, don't let dat little fact worry 
voti, boss," the negro hastened to say. 
"Dat mule bend at de laigs, but it 
ain't due to no age dat he does. De 
hones' truth, boss, is dat I ain't had no 
money to look after dat mule de way 
he oughter been. My stable is kinder 
low an' dat mule he been 'bliged to 
stoop a little, . dat's all." — Harper's 
Magazine. 



Plain Speaking 

"I believe in calling ^ a spade a 
spade," said the emphacic person. 

"That's right, friend," replied Bron- 
cho Bob. "There was a man who > 
nearly lost his life here by gettin' 
into a game an' tryin' to call a spade 
a club." — Washington Star. 



"My largest item of expense is on 
account of advertising." "Indeed! I 
was not aw^are that you were in busi- 
ness." "I'm not. But my wife reads 
the advertisements in the newspa- 
pers." — Boston Transcript. 



"Tea or coffee?" demanded the 
bustling waitress. He smiled benign- 
ly. "Don't tell me; let me guess," he 
whispered. — Brooklyn Life. 



Point of View 

When Mrs. Langtry was at the sum- 
mit of her beauty and her fame — 
where crowds followed her in Bond 
Street and the Row — she met, at a 
semi-royal dinner, an African king. 
Mrs. Langtry. dazzling in her beauty, 
sat beside this king. She was in good 
spirits, and she did her very best to 
amuse and please him. And she must 
have succeeded, for at the dinner's 
close he heaved a deep sigh and said 
to her: "Ah, madam, if heaven had 
only made you black and fat you 
would be irresistible!" — Argonaut. 



"The captain told me they kept you 
alive for eight days on brandy and 
milk." "Just my luck; I was uncon- 
scious all the time."— M. A. P. 

"An heirloom," explained the farm- 
er's wife to her thirteen-year-old boy, 
"is something that has been handed 
down from father to son, and in some 
instances is greatly prized." "I'd prize 
these heirlooms I'm wearing." re- 
marked the youngster, "a good deal 
more if they wasn't so long in the 
legs." — Everybody's Magazine. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



PUBLIC WORK BY STREETS 

2nd St.; ord. fixing and establishing 
the curb line on each side of 2nd St. 
between Carondelet St. and Coronado 
St. Adopted. 

Also, ord. establishing the grade of 
2nd St. from Carondelet St. to Coro- 
nado St. Adopted. 

3rd St.; pet. from Katherine Good- 
man, et al., asking that 3rd St. be- 
tween Figueroa st. and the Third St. 
tunnel be declared to be in the con- 
duit district and that all poles be re- 
moved therefrom. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

5th St.; final ord. changing and es- 
tablishing grade of the south side of 
5th St. from Crocker St. to Ruth Ave. 
Adopted. 

6th St.; City Engineer instructed to 
present necessary ordinance for the 
sidewalking of 6th St. between Ala- 
meda and Los Angeles Sts. Adopted. 

6th St.; final ord. for the sidewalk- 
ing of Sixth st. from Central ave. to 
Alameda st. Adopted. 

6th and Mill; pet. from Phillip Du- 
vall, et al., protesting against the pav- 
ing of East 6th and Mill sts. Set for 
hearing Jan. 10. 

7th St.; final ord. changing and es- 
tablishing the grade of 7th St. from 
Moss to Beacon Sts. Adopted. 

11th St.; ord. establishing the grade 
of 11th St. from Hope to Figueroa 
Sts. Adopted. 

16th St.; maps of the assessment 
district for the sewer work on 16th 
St. between Essex St. and Central 
Ave. Adopted. 

16th St.; ord. establishing the name 
of that certain street heretofore 
known as "Blaine St." or "16th St." 
lying between the westerly boundary 
line of the city and the westerly line 
of Central Arlington Heights as 16th 
St. Adopted. 

23rd St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove 23rd St. from Figueroa St. to 
Union Ave. Adopted. 

35th St.; maps of the assessment 
district for the improvement of 35th 
St. from Wesley Ave. to Figueroa St. 
Adopted. 

35th St.; maps of the assessment 
district for the improvement of 35th 
St. from Central Ave. to Hooper Ave. 
Adopted. 

36th St.; City Engineer has fur- 
nished the Citv Attorney the necessary 
descriptions for the opening of 36th 
St. between San Pedro St. and South 
Park Ave. to a width of 50 feet. 

38th St.; maps of the assessment 
district for the improvement of 38th 
St. from Budlong Ave. to Wisconsin 
St. Adonted. 

40th Place; pet. from Santa Bar- 
bara Imp. Assn., et al., for street 
light on West 40th place between 
Figueroa and Hoover sts. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

48th and Wall; pet. from Chas. W. 
Kunze, et al., for. a street light at 
said st. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

52nd St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove 52nd St. from Long Beach Ave. 
to the terminus east of Holmes Ave. 
Adopted. 

53rd St., from Central to McKinley; 
protest from Albert Hoffman, et al., 
against sidewalking. Denied. 

54th St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove 54th st. between Compton ave. 
and Fortune st. Adopted. 

90th St.; ord. establishing the grade 
of 90th St. from Vermont Ave. to 
Hoover St. Adopted. 

91st St.; ord. establishing the grade 
of 91st St. from Vermont Ave. to 
the east line of Tracts No. 581 and 
No. 582. Adopted. 

92nd St.; ord. establishing the grade 



of 92nd St. from Vermont Ave. to 
Hoover St. Adopted. 

Ave. 20; City Atty. instructed to 
prepare ord. directing the execution 
of a quit claim deed to that certain 
piece of land lying in front of lots 
No. 16 and 17 of the Hamilton Tract 
and fronting on Avenue 20, as re- 
quested by F. F. Stetson. 

Ave. 26; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Ave. 26 between Pasadena Ave. 
and Griffin Ave. and a portion of 
Griffin Ave. at its intersection with 
Ave. 26. Adopted. 

Ave. 28; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Ave. 28 between Pasadena Ave. 
and Workman St. Adopted. 

Ave. 53; ord. for the opening and 
widening of Avenue 53 between Mon- 
te Vista street and Pasadena. avenue. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 55; ord. for the opening and 
widening of Avenue 55 from Monte 
Vista street .to Pasadena avenue. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 56; ord. for the opening and 
widening of Avenue 56 between Mon- 
te Vista street and Pasadena avenue. 
Adopted. 

Ave". 60; pet. from J. G. Cort'elyou 
for removal of obstruction in sidewalk 
on the south side of East Avenue 60 
between Echo St. and Hayes ave. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Alvarado St.; pet. from W. R. Lo- 
gan, et al, asking that the grade be 
changed and established on Alvarado 
St. between Court and Dartmouth 
Sts. Denied. 

Alvarado St.; pet. from M. D. L. 
Scott, et al., for improvement, un- 
der Bond Act, of said St. from Berk- 
eley to Morcom. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Baring Cross St.; ord. establishing 
the grade of Baring Cross St. from 
the north line of Tract No. 923 to 
92nd St. Adooted. 

Berendo and 15th; pet. from T. H. 
Cullen, et al., for light at corner of 
said sts. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Bird St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Bird st. between St. Louis St. 
and Cornwell st. Adopted. 

Bonsallo and Washington; pet. from 
E. J. Elson for street light at said 
corner. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Bouett and Solano; pet. from A. L. 
Bailey, et al., for a street light at or 
near Bouett st. and Solano ave. Ref 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

North Broadway, from Buena Vis- 
ta St. Bridge to Cottage Home St.; 
protest from C. E. Donnatin, et al., 
against change of grade. Deferred 
until Jan. 10. 

Camerford Ave.; pet. from Ida Fa- 
ber, et al., for the improvement of 
Camerford ave. between Gower and 
Vine sts., Bond Act. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Canal St., Wilmington; ord. of in- 
tention to change and establish the 
grade of Canal St. from E. 9th St. to 
W. 7th St. Adopted. 

Carondelet St.; ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing the curb line on each side 
of Carondelet St. between the Coro- 
nado Terrace Tract and a line per- 
pendicular with Carondelet St. and 
100 feet south of 1st St. Adopted. 

Also, ord. establishing the grade of 
Carondelet St. from 1st St. to the first 
alley south of 2nd St. Adopted. 

Central Ave.; ord. for the opening 
and widening of Central ave. between 
58th st. and Slauson ave. Adopted. 

Concord St.; pet. from L. A. Hugh- 
es, et al., appealing from the act of 
the Board of Public Works in accept- 
ing the improvement of Concord St. 
het. 1st and 4th sts. Set for hearing 
Jan. 10. 



Cornwell St.; final ord. changing 
and establishing the grade of Corn- 
vvell St. from nariow at. to its north 
terminus. Adopted. 

Cosme St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Cosme st; between Marengo 
st. and the alley southerly of Maren- 
go st. Adopted. 

Echo St.; final ord. changing and 
establishing rhe grade of a portion of 
Echo St. at Bertna St. Adopted. 

Elmyra St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove rMmyra St. from Magdalena to 
Main St. Adopted. 

Figueroa bt.; ord. for the opening 
and widening of Figueroa st. be- 
tween 58th st. and Slauson ave. 
Adopted. 

Figueroa St.; maps of the assess- 
ment district for the improvement of 
Figueroa St. at Pico, 16th and Wash- 
ington Sts. intersection. Adopted. 

Hobart Blvd.; maps of the assess- 
ment district for the sewer work along 
Hobart Blvd. between Leighton Ave. 
and its southerly terminus. Adopted. 

Hooper and 58th; pet. from John 
W. Heath, et al., for an electric light 
at corner of said sts. Ref. to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Hoover St.; ord. establishing the 
grade of Hoover St. from the north 
line of Tract No. 923 to 92nd St. 
Adopted. 

Hope St.; final ord. for the opening 
of Hope st. to a width of 60 feet from 
its southerly terminus south of 37th 
to 38th street. Adopted. 

Kern and Colton; pet. from John 
F. Blunt, et al., for an electric light 
at the intersection of Kern and Col- 
ton sts. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Linden Place; ord. establishing the 
'curb line on Linden Place between 
Selma Ave. and Sunset Blvd. Adopted. 

Long Beach Ave.; ord. establishing 
the name of that 'certain street known 
as "Long Beach Ave." lying between 
20th St. and Slauson Ave. as "Long 
Beach Ave." Adopted. 

Main St.; ord. for the opening and 
widening of Main st. between 58th 
st. and Slauson ave. Adopted. 

Melrose Ave.; pet. from S. F. Zom- 
bro, for improvement, private con- 
tract, of north side of Melrose ave. 
between 97 ft. east of Windermere 
ave. and 97 ft. west of Wisteria drive. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Monroe St.; pet. from S. F. Zom- 
bro for improvement, private contract, 
of^Monroe st. between 97 ft. east of 
Windermere ave. and west line of 
Wisteria drive. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Normandie Ave.; ord. for the open- 
ing and widening of Normandie ave. 
between 58th st. and Slauson ave. 
Adopted. 

Orchard Ave.; ord. establishing the 
grade of Orchard Ave. from the north 
line of Tract No. 923 to 92nd St. 
Adopted. 

Ocean View Ave.; ord. establishing 
the curb lines on Ocean View Ave. 
between Wilcox Ave. and Vine St. 
Adopted. 

Opening New Alley; City Atty. and 
City Eng. instructed to prepare nec- 
essary ords. for the opening of al- 
leys in actual and prospective busi- 
ness districts, as recommended by 
Fire Com. 

Pasadena Ave. Bridge; City Engin- 
eer has furnished the City Attorney 
the necessary descriptions of the land 
to be condemned for the approach to 
the Pasadena Ave. bridge across the 
Arroyo Seco. 

Pomona St.; ord. abandoning pro- 
ceedinss for improvement. Adopted. 

San Pedro St.; ord. for the opening 
and widening of San Pedro street be- 



tween 58th street and Slauson ave- 
nue. Adopted.. 

Sierra St.; ord. abandoning all pro- 
ceedings for the improvement of Sier- 
ra St. Adopted. 

Smith St.; ord. changing the name 
of Smith St. between 'lemple St. and 
Bellevue Ave. to "Reno St." Adopted. 

South Park Ave.; ord. for the open- 
ing and widening of South Park ave. 
between 58th st. and Slauson ave. 
Adopted. 

Sunset Blvd.; ord. for the improve- 
ment of Sunset Blvd. bet. Marion Ave. 
and Benefit St. Adopted. 

Towne ave.; ord. for the opening 
and widening of Towne avenue be- 
tween 58th street and Slauson ave- 
nue. Adopted. 

Towne Ave.; final ord. changing 
and establishing the grade of Towne 
Ave. from 5th to 6th Sts. Adopted. 

Vermont Ave.; ord. for the opening 
and widening of Vermont ave. be- 
tween 58th st. and Slauson ave. 
Adopted. 

Washington St.; maps of the as- 
sessment district for the improvement 
of Washington St. from Grand Ave. 
to Central Ave. Adopted. 

Windermere Ave.; pet. from S. F. 
Zombro, trustee, for improvement un- 
der private contract of Windermere 
ave. between Monroe st. and Melrose 
ave. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Wisteria Drive; pet. from S. F. 
Zombro for improvement of Wisteria 
drive between Monroe st. and Mel- 
rose ave., private contract. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Workman St.; ord. of intention to 
improve Workman St. between Mani- 
tou Ave. and Pasadena Ave. Adopted. 



BIDS RECEIVED 

Blanchard St.; for improving said 
street from Evergreen to Mott. 

Center St.; for improving said st. 
from Aliso to 50 feet southwest of 
Macy st. 



GENERAL LEGISLATION 

Annexation Promises; communica- 
tion from V. C. Allen, et al, who were 
appointed a committee at a public 
mass meeting in San Pedro to protest 
and make a demand upon the city 
officials of Los Angeles that they be 
protected in the annexation promises. 
Tn this communication particular ref- 
erence is made to promise No. 6 of the 
consolidation committee, that San»Pe- 
dro was to have as soon as practicable 
a municipally owned and controlled 
supply of water, which was to be sold 
to the citizens at the same price as 
that enjoyed by the main city of Los 
Angeles, but stating that they are 
now compelled .to pay $6000 more 
than when they were under the old 
San Pedro rate. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Utilities. 

Charter Amendments; ord. provid- 
ing for the submission to the electors 
of Los Angeles at a special election, 
to be held March 6, of certain pro- 
posals to amend the city charter. 
Adopted. 

City Planning; committee on City 
Planning reported to Council and re- 
quested the committee be continued 
for a sufficient length of time to be 
able to create a practical plan for the 
city at the least possible expense. 
Also that an office be provided. Ref. 
to Finance Com. 

Dice Shaking; request of Police 
Commission that question of dice 
shaking be submitted to the people at 
the next election. Ref. to Legislation 
Com. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



1) 



L'.ecticn Committee; three members 
appointed an election corn- 
balance of the 
will be to consider the 
lidation of precincts for the 
-•ndment election and name 
11 in order that 
aa may be obtained so that the 
ances calling the election may 
be prepared in ample time. 

Fire Protecticn in San Pedro; pro- 

n. cut lo be entered into 

n the city and the S. P. Ry. Co. 

c to said company giving right 

y over their property for the 

installation of an auxiliary salt water 

fire service line from the water front 

to the business portion of San Pedro. 

to Legislation Com. 

Garvanza; quit claim deed executed 
by J. H. Smith to lots 16 and 17 of 
Rogers' Subdivision of part of block 
3 in town of Garvanza. Accepted. 

Griffith Park Fire Break; Park 
Com. requested appropriation of $1500 
to be used in widening the tire break 
around Griffith Park from 30 feet, as 
at present, to 100 feet. Ref. to Fi- 
nance Com. 

Highway to Harbor; City Planning 
committee requested that highway 
leading to the harbor, promised under 
the bond issue, be completed at once 
and that streets in city connecting 
with same should be improved; and 
that portions *of Figueroa st. and Ver- 
mont ave. connecting the harbor with 
the business center of the city should 
be put in a passable condition. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Industrial District; pet. from Eu- 
gene V. Griffes, et al., asking that the 
south side of Washington st. between 
Ellendale and Vermont ave. be set 
aside as an industrial district to ex- 
tend 150 feet south. Ref. to Pub. 
Welfare Com. 

Motor Driven Fire Apparatus; bid 
of Gramm Motor Truck Co. of $3387 
for motor and chassic for combination 
chemical and hose wagon. Accepted. 

Objections to Automatic Flagmen; 
pet. from Alex Davidson, et al., for 
the abolishment of bells used by the 
Pacific Electric Railway Co. at the 
crossings on their right of way be- 
tween 9th st. and Slauson Junction, 
and that flagmen be placed at said 
crossings in lieu thereof. Ref. to 
Leg. Cora. 

>_iri w»iy Cemetery; City Atty. in- 
structed to commence necessary suit 
to acquire the title by condemnation, 
or otherwise, to the lots in said ceme- 
tery which have betn conveyed, said 
land to be condemned for municipal 
purposes. 

San i edro Damage Suits; City Atty. 
reported: "Prior to the consolidation 
of the city of San Pedro with this 
city a number of damage suits were 
filed against the former city for dam- 
ages sustained by reason of cuts and 
filU made in the streets of that city in 
pursuance of ordinances ordering cheir 
improvement. I therefore suggest 
that you permit me to refer all of 
said cases to a board of arbitrators 
to consist of three members, two to 
be chosen by the city and one by the 
attorney for the respective parties to 
the various suits; the award of the 
arbitrators in each case to be entered 
as a judgment of court." Report 
adopted by Council and City Atty. in- 
sf"<-terl accordingly. 

Sanchez Tract; pet. from Michael 
Lynch for quit claim deed to lot 10, 
blk. 2, Sanchez tract. Ref. to City 
Atty. 

cspence Tract; pet. from Myron T. 
Holcomb, et al. asking for the vaca- 
tion of the alley through block 2, M. 
1.. Wick's subdivision of the Spence 
Tract. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Taxicabs; ord. regulating taxicabs 
and fixing the rates to be charged 
and -ollected for taxicab service. Set 
for hearing Tan. 10. 

Treasurer's Safe; instructions here- 
tofore given City Clerk to advertise 
for bids for a safe for the City Treas- 
urer's office rescinded. Bd. Pub. Wks. 
authorized to purchase a second-hand 



safe for $600 from Harring-Hall Ma- 
rion Sale 

Tract No. 647; Man 

Undertaking Establishments; Lily 
Any. instructed tu drau ord. malting 
it unlawtul to conduct an undertaking 
establishment or morgue within luu 
feet ot any residence, church or 
1 house, without written consent 
of same, providing, however, that said 
ord. shall not apply to establishments 
already in existence. 



FOR A SOUTHERN STATE 
UNlVH.KSl.Tf 
(Continued from pag 

become numerous more centers of 
education are necessary. Uur state 
has already recognized the log.c oi 
tins statement oy estaoiismng six 
butt -Normal Scnools. 

There seems lo be an idea in circu- 
lation that lo estaolisn several State 
Universities in one State would oe 
an educational error, such an idea 
comes to i_aiuornia trom small states 
wnose educational conuiuous can 
never serve as a preceueiu to guide 
California's action. uamornia is so 
great in area, anu so long trom norm 
to south, mat us educational condi- 
tions are unique. 

if California were placed with San 
Fiancisco at boston, and wim us 
coast line paralleling tne Atlantic 
Coast line ot tne united states, t^aii- 
tornia would cover 1.5 States wnony 
or in part as lonows: tuaine, iNew 
Hampsnire, Vermont, Massacnuseits, 
Rnoae island, i^omiecucui, i\trf 
V orK, hew jersey, Jfennsyivama, 
Ueiaware, Maryland, Virginia and 
West Virginia. £>eneatii us imperial 
domain would be tounu nine great 
universities, viz.: Virginia, i_at..onc, 
Johns tiopKins, Pennsylvania, Jr'rmce- 
ton, ColuniDia, Cornell, 1 ale and 
Harvard, .those nine universities are 
not aole to serve me educational 
needs of a territory not larger tnan 
Uaiitornia, and are supported in tneir 
work by more than loo smaller uni- 
versities, colleges ana normal scnoois 

If a circle were uesenbed with 
Chicago as a center and with me 
railroad distance trom .Los Angeles 
to Berkeley as a radius, that c.rcie 
would wholly encompass lowa, Wis- 
consin, Ohio, Indiana, ana Illinois, 
besides encompassing portions ot 
eleven other States and a part of 
Canada. In the seven States wnolly 
within the circle there are seven 
great universities, namely, lowa, 
Wisconsin, Michigan, Uhio, Indiana, 
Illinois and Chicago. 

Seconding these seven great uni- 
versities are nearly 100 smaller uni- 
versities, colleges and normal schools. 

The foregoing illustrations empha- 
size the immensity of California, a 
State with an area of 158,360 square 
miles; and emphasize equally the fact 
that portions ot our country not 
larger than California, and portions 
where distances are not greater than 
in California, require and are served 
by many great universities. 

At the present time there are two 
great centers of population in Cali- 
fornia, one adjacent to San Francisco, 
the other adjacent to Los Angeles. 
The San Francisco portion embracing 
10 counties with approximately 1, 
000,000 people with 1340 high school 
graduates in 1910, is served by two 
great universities less than 100 miles 
away from the home of any pupil re- 
siding in those ten counties. 

The territory adjacent to Los An- 
geles, embracing 8 counties with a 
population of 751,000, with 1698 high 
school graduates in 1910, is served 
by the same universities as is the 
San Francisco group of counties, but 
its pupils farthest away are more than 
600 miles away, and the average dis- 
tance of all its pupils is more than 
400 miles. The 169S high school 
graduates of Southern California in 
1910 is the largest body of high school 
graduates in America compelled to 



travel even 300 miles to reach a State 
I sity, 

south to 
BerKcl litive upon ihe 

..ool grad- 
--ti ui our 1098 
il graduates in 1910, en- 
tered tlie State University at Berke- 
ley tins year. What became of the 
1478: Some went lo Stanford, 
some to normal schools, some to 
private schools, and hundreds dropped 
out because they were too poor to 
pay the excessive cost due lo travel- 
ing expenses and incidental expenses 
w.ncli would not exist it the univer- 
sity were near to the homes of its 
pupils. 

incsc saint high school graduates 
are shut out from our local higher 
institution of learning because tnose 
institutions must charge heavy tui- 
tion tees. 

These excljdcd children come from 
homes poor, in money but rich in 
cnaracter. The compulsory exclusion 
ot tnese children is a great wrong 
to tnem, is a menace to the State 
and a crime against posterity. 

California is growing rapidly, 
Soutnern California is growing even 
more rapidly than the remainder of 
tne State, and its need for adequate 
university facilities will increase even 
taster in the next ten years than it 
has in tne past. 

The growtn of high schools in Cali- 
fornia in the last ten years is the 
most marvelous part ot our educa- 
tional development. In 19dl, l/,io/ 
children were enrolled in California's 
high schools, while in 1910, 39,115 
were enrolled. 

In 1901, there were 1562 high school 
graduates, and in 1910 there were 
4267. 

From 1900 to 1910, the enrollment 
in the high schools of Southern Cali- 
fornia rose from 3167 to 16,042 chil- 
dren. 

In 1910, 4247 children graduated 
from California's high schools. Of 
that number 1698 graduated from the 
high schools of the 8 counties of 
Southern California, and 2547 gradu- 
ated from the 50 other counties of 
California. 

A careful investigation of the in- 
crease in high school enrollment and 
in high school graduates for the past 
ten years shows a reasonably regular 
ratio of increase. The ratio both for 
enrollment and for graduates is a 
trifle over 11 per cent per year on 
the preceding year's totals. 

Every sign and every reason indi- 
cates that the growth of California 
will increase rather than decrease in 
the next ten years. The higher edu- 
cation of our high school graduates 
will therefore become more and more 
a problem. 

This is not a matter for next year. 
The oroblem is here now, and it will 
increase enormously from year to 
year. 

Beyond all question the State must 
and will furnish additional university 
facilities for its high school gradu- 
ates. The vital question then is this, 



will those facilities be located? 
Will thej be located at Berkeley, in- 
e bulk of 
: nia's 40 per cent of the 
school graduates of the Stale, or will 
they be located in Southern Califor. 
nia, thus relieving the overcrowding 
at Berkeley, and affording the same 
fair and just chance to our chil 
as is now afforded to those around 
the bay? 

In any case we shall be compelled 
to pay more than a third of the 
of all that is done for university edu- 
calion in California. If a university 
be established at the south we shall 
receive our fair share of return for 
our payments; but if it be at Berke- 
ley we shall suffer even more than 
we do now. 



N. B. — The foregoing, argument was 
read before those members of the 
California Legislature who were pres- 
ent at a meeting held in the Chamber 
of Commerce building at Los An- 
geles on December 16. 1910; 
and was ordered printed by the Uni- 
versity Committee at its meeting held 
on December 21, 1910, at the Alexan- 
dria Hotel.' 

At this latter meeting Mrs. Rucinda 
Dodson of San Pedro offered a free 
site of 100 acres located at San Pedro; 
and Mr. Charles A. Elder, for the 
Los Angeles Investment Company, 
offered a free site of 100 acres on the 
Inglewood Highlands and $100,000 in 
cash for the improvement of the 
grounds. The offers were referred to 
the Executive Committee of the Uni- 
versity Committee. 



SELFISH INTEREST 

That the one great obstacle to the 
development of our waterways is the 
opposition of the railroad companies, 
is the statement made by Commis- 
sioner of Corporations Herbert Knox 
Smith in his report to the President 
Says Commissioner Knox: 

"Probably the greatest single de- 
terrent to water terminal advance in 
the United States is the present ad- 
verse attitude of rail lines toward in- 
dependent water traffic, in their ex- 
clusive oontrol of frontage, in re 
fusal or neglect to co-ordinate with 
general water traffic, and in re- 
fusal to pro-rate generally with water 
lines in through movement of traffic." 

In some cities, says Mr. Knox, rail- 
roads own almost the entire water 
frontage and are able to stifle possible 
water competition. 

Europe's rivers are busy arteries of 
commerce. Europe's great natural 
highways are used to carry commodi- 
ties between' producer and consumer 
as cheaply as possible. Europe looks 
upon her waterways as a resource to 
be developed in the interest of the 
people. 

In the United States they are al- 
lowed to lie unused and undeveloped, 
because of the selfish interest of the 
rail transportation monopoly. — La 
Follette's. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Bank clearings from Dec. 28 to 31, inclusive, showing comparisons with 
corresponding weeks of 1909 and 1908: 

1910 1909 1908 

Dec. 28 $ 3,070,790.23 $2.5S5,093.47 $2,310,912.06 

Dec. 29 2.374,854.80 1,975,745:22 1,429,167.79 

Dec 30 2,415.962,38 1,956,578.58 Holiday 

Dec. 31 2,335,183.86 Holiday 2.362.309.63 

Total $10,196,791.27 $6,517,417.27 $6,102,389.48 

Also bank clearings for Jan. 2 and 3: 

1911 1910 1909 

Jan 2 H iMnv $3.1 40.94'' 46 $2,663,492.58 

Jan. 3 $3,505,946.00 2,784,293.00 2,349,476.87 

Total '..$3,505,946.00 $5,925,238.46 $5,012,969.45 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE — 38x56 on ground, six large rooms on ground floor, also bath, 
screen porch, and cement porch 8x38; two large bedrooms, bath room, 
and sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. 
Built last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE— $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



CTORY 



= ^ Index to fQusiness Houses, Profrssitns, Etc. (^ 



APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

ARISTO ENGRAVING CO., 

Citizens National Bank Bldg., 3rd 
and Main Sts. 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 
HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 *3 S. Spring. 10891 ; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones: Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickefing & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Clasi Investments. 

STUDIOS TO RENT 

BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broad way; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AKD MOVING 

BERING, 
22562 



1335 S. Figueroa 
"roadway 3773 



Sunset Main 1566 



Home F-1853 



'ress 



Largest and Most Up-to-date Printing Es- 
tablishment in the Southwest 

311 EAST FOURTH STREET LOS ANGELES 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



®1?p §i. SegtH 

iSjmtHrkrrptnij Apartments 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 




NEXT TIME YOU GO EAST TAKE 
ONE OF THESE TRAINS 

LOS ANGELES LIMITED— A palatial train of de luxe 
electric lighted drawing room and compartment sleepers, 
dining car and observation-library buffet car. Three days 
Los Angeles to Chicago via Salt Lake Route, Union Pacific 
and Chicago and Northwestern. 

Also through sleeper to Denver in two days. Leaves 
daily at 10:30 a. m. 

AMERICAN EXPRESS— A new limited train of sleeping 
cars, leaving Los Angeles daily at 2:00 p. m. for Chicago, 
Denver and Kansas City. Has dining car to Salt Lake City. 

Tickets and Information at 601 So. Spring St., Los Angeles 



eA^sN. Los Angeles Pacific Company 



SHORT 
LINE 
TO THE 
SEA 



Electric Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 



TO oAiNiA MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 
along the ocean. A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced 
Guide with each car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los Jlngeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTION'S: An Ocean Voyage on Wheels— The 
Excursion Cars running a mile into the Ocean on Long Wharf at Port 
Los Angeles, the longest pleasure and fishing wharf in the world. At 
Santa Monica, free admission to the Camera Obscura, an exclusive at- 
traction for Balloon Route Excursionists only. FREE ADMISSION 
to the $20,000 Aquarium; and a FREE RIDE ON THE L. A. THOMP- 
SON SCENIC RAILWAY, the longest in the world, at Venice. (Sun- 
days excepted during July, Auuust and September.) 

Last car leaves Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS 
ANGELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



_-• - The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

/Wf LOW€ der ful of them all in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

r hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to lourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 



IN THIS ISSUE "THE CITY" 



pacific ou 



ESTER N. ROWELL 




Vol. X. Mo. 3 



AT 



Los Angeles, California, January 14, 1911 



5 Cents— $l.OO a Year 



SENATOR JOHN D. WORKS 



A week before the Legislature met, 

Meyer I. issuer, chairman of the State Re- 
publican Committee, announced the result 
of a canvass made among the members on 
their senatorial preference, which was that 
there were 7? votes readj to be cast [or 
Judge John D. Works. It was entirely open 
to the opponents of Mr. Works to make 
the same kind of a canvass, and there is 
evidence enough that they did so. and that 
they got substantially the same result. In 
the final outcome, Judge Works had 92 
votes out of 118, a majority so overwhelm- 
ing as to leave no doubt it was a foregone 
conclusion from the beginning. 

Why, then, did the reactionary publica- 
tions tell their readers day after day that 
there was no chance of Works' election, 
that the Spalding campaign was winning, 
or that the whole Legislature was just aching 
to cast its vote for Flint or Willis Booth or 
John Smith or what not? Frankly we do 
not know the answer to that conundrum, 
unless it be that the reactionary contempt 
for the common people shows in their treat- 
ment of their readers, who are regarded as 
suckers to be deceived just for the fun of 
the thing. 

The last Senator before Works — Perkins 
— was elected by Southern Pacific votes 
marshalled by George Hatton, a political 
Hessian, long in the service of the utility 
corporations. The last before that one — • 
Flint — was elected by Walter Parker, hired 
lobbyist of the Southern Pacific, that is Flint 
said so himself, and he ought to be good 
authority. And so the story runs for nearly 
half a century, with only two exceptions — 
Bard, who was not the choice of the ma- 
chine, and White, elected by the Democrats 
without the use of money. The election of 
Works after he had won a plurality of the 
votes of Republicans at the primary by the 
almost unanimous vote of a legislature not 
under Southern Pacific control marks a new 
epoch in the history of the senatorship of 
California. The Bard and White elections 
were episodes or accidents. The choosing 
of Judge Works was a direct act of the peo- 
ple. 

What becomes now of the story that was 
long exploited in the Southern Pacific 
stand-pat press and was passed along in ma- 
chine political circles, that Mr. Lissner was 
planning a dead-lock so that he might him- 
self receive the senatorship? It goes to join 
a thousand other lies that have been sprung 
from time to time by the enemies of good 
government against Mr. Lissner, part of a 
deliberate effort to weaken his influence and 
break down his leadership by undermining 
the confidence of those who work with him. 
And in the face of these attacks he has 
every time proved his sincerity and has ris- 
en stronger for the calumny. 

Pacific Outlook congratulates the people 



PACIFIC OUTLOOli 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN. Manager 

C. D. WILLARD >_ 

A. J. PILLSBURYl Contnbutm S Edltors 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur : 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered as second-class matter April 5, 1907, at 
the postofHce at Los Angeles, California, under the 
act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

of California on at last securing a senator 
that represents them and not the corporate 
influences. 

* * + 

TO SAVE US FROM OURSELVES 



A recent issue of the Reactionary organ, 
the Los Angeles Times, contains several 
columns "By Direct Wire" from some place 
in Nebraska of a paper read before a gath- 
ering of lawyers in that state by Lynn 
Helm, Esq., of the Los Angeles bar, setting 
forth his objections to 'the initiative, refer- 
endum and recall and other devices of that 
order, having for their purpose, as he sees 
it, the overthrow of "our "republican form 
of government" and the "establishment of a 
democracy." 

The "direct wire" feature of the story is 
readily understood by all who have any 
familiarity with the newspaper business. 



TO CALIFORNIA WEEKLY 
SUBSCRIBERS: 



If you were a subscriber to the 
California Weekly at the time it 
suspended publication and will 
address a postal card to the Paci- 
fic Outlook, 311 E. 4th St., Los 
Angeles, requesting that it be 
substituted for the California 
Weekly, this publication will be 
sent to your address for the re- 
mainder of the unexpired sub- 
scription. 



Mr. Helm's piece being cntii'ch reactionary, 
and the Times being the last hope and the 
ark of the stand patters and Tories, the two 
things drifted together by some kind of ir- 
resistible magnetism before Mr. Helm took 
the train for Nebraska, and there was no 
need for the payment of telegraph tolls. 
When the date came around, a plug reporter 
was told to "boil this stuff down to a col- 
umn and a half," Mr. Helm's picture was 
hunted up and dusted off, some puff head- 
lines were written, and all hands felt that 
they had made a good job of it. 

Thus presented to the public the views of 
Mr. Helm are, we take it, open to discussion 
and to criticism, even though criticism in 
such cases is usually called "abuse." 

"Is not the intervention of the general 
government needed to preserve and guaran- 
tee a republican form of government to the 
states?" asks Mr. Helm — a question that 
has peculiar significance, as coming from 
one who is known to be a candidate for a 
place on the Federal bench. 

"It is the duty," he says again, "of the 
Federal government to protect in each state 
a republican form of government." And 
later, "It seems to me that these innova- 
tions are so necessarily a democracy that 
they are- easily distinguished from a repub- 
lican form of government ; ti ey are anti-re- 
publican institutions." And in another place 
Mr. Helm makes clear what he means by a 
republican form of government: "It is the 
delegation of the government to a small 
number of citizens elected by the rest." 

Here we have the framework of a large 
contention built up chiefly out of loose use 
of words and a failure to understand past 
history. Also there is a good deal of tem- 
perament mixed in with this point of view. 
Just as some people are pessimists and look 
always on the dark side, while others are 
optimists and full of hope, so some people 
are in terror of what they call innovation, 
while others welcome all change that prom- 
ises improvement. 

With all due respect to Article IV of the 
Constitution, "a republican form of govern- 
ment" is not scientific phraseology. It 
means, within certain limitations, whatever 
the speaker chooses to put into it. In 
Switzerland — a republic — it means pure 
democracy. In Mexico it means a military 
despotism. In Central America it means 
control by a business syndicate. What does 
it mean here and now in the United States? 
Well, that is the question before the house. 
Mr. Helm thinks it means a "representa- 
tive" form of government in which the 
powers are "delegated to a small number of 
citizens elected by the rest." But he is not 
the only authority on this topic. 

Without doubt, if anyone had asked the 
framers of the Constitution in 1787 what 
they meant by this phrase, they would have 
answered promptly: "A government by the 
people." To them, and for that matter to 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



us, there are really only two forms of gov- 
ernment: 1. In which the people rule; 2, In 
which they do not rule. The second form 
may be subdivided into monarchies, oligar- 
chies, hierarchies and what not, and there 
are numerous hybrids, as of a monarch that 
rules part of the time or in some things, 
while his people rule the rest of the time in 
the rest of the things; but the only funda- 
mental and significant distinction is that 
given above. 

The question of how things are to be ar- 
ranged so that the people may rule is inci- 
dental. It may be full of matters that 
change from year to year. The Athenians 
voted on bits of shell. Our grandfathers 
used irregular scraps of paper furnished by 
the candidates. We use an Australian 'bal- 
lot. The framers of the Constitution plan- 
ned to have the will of the people exercised 
through representatives. They knew of no 
other good way. The country was sparsely 
settled — no railways, no telegraph, and 
practically no mail. Four months had to be 
allowed between election and inauguration, 
between the choice of congressmen and 
their assemblage in special session, or a 
whole year for the regular session. To ex- 
alt the tool — the representative — into place 
as the end and purpose of the government, 
or as a system of government in himself, is 
about like Tony Weller's idea that death 
was ordained so that undertakers should 
have a permanent job. 

The people who study governments deep- 
ly and who write about them intelligently, 
people who use the language with due re- 
gard to the meaning of words, always speak 
of the United States as a democracy. De 
Tocqueville called his treatise "Democracy 
in America," Von Hoist, in spite of his 
Hamiltonian, ultra-Federalist point of view 
recognizes everywhere that the intent and 
purpose of this government is to get a direct 
rule of the people. Bryce gives a number 
of chapters to discussions of democracy as 
embodied in our form of government. He 
uses the word democratic and republican 
interchangeably as applied to the system. 

Initiative, referendum and recall are 
merely inventions to make government by 
the people a reality instead of an attempt. 
They bear the same relation to a republican 
or democratic form of government that a 
street car does to electricity or a locomotive 
to steam — mere practical applications of the 
principle to gain desired results. True, our 
forefathers said nothing about the initiative 
and referendum in the Constitution ; neither 
did they mention the locomotive nor the 
electric street car at that time. 

Mr. Helm's idea of the reoublic as a place 
where the people tie up the powers of gov- 
ernment in a neat little parcel and hand 
them over to their representatives to keep 
until their successors are chosen, who then 
receive the bundle, and so on by a kind of 
apostolic succession indefinitely, sounds to 
us like a typographical error. It is an oli- 
garchy he means. Now our idea of a re- 
public (or democracy) is a place where the 
people own the whole business, lock, stock 
and barrel, where they never for a moment 
surrender any of the powers of government 
to anybody, where the people act directly 
for themselves as far as is practical, es- 
pecially on large questions of policy, and 
where details of administration and law- 
making are carried on for the people by a 
set of representatives who are made truly 
representative by the automatic processes 
of direct legislation and the recall. It is a 
government by the people and not by an 



oligarchy of office-holders. And in the long 
run we shall have a much higher class of 
men in office under this plan than we ever 
had under the rule pi the Southern Pacific 
and other special interests masquerading as 
a "representative system." 

While the Times gloats over and makes 
much of Mr. Helm's attack on the "freak 
and fad" of allowing the people to win back 
some measure of their own government, we 
do not believe that the progressive elements 
of this state, who are seeking to put some- 
thing of the spirit of democracy into the 
statute book, will regard it with much favor, 
especially as coming from a candidate for 
.the Federal bench. 

* * * 

TARIFF-MADE STATE 



REVIVAL OF DISTRICT FAIR 
SYSTEM 



The most notable article in any of the 
January magazines is that on Rhode Island 
as a Tariff-made State, appearing in the 
"American" by Ida Tarbell. We urge our 
readers not to miss it, for it develops one 
vital point with respect to the tariff — that 
is to say the tariff under the ancient log- 
rolling special interest plan— viz. whether 
the subsidy that the consumer pays in in- 
creased cost of the protected article comes 
back to the worker producing the article. 

The industries of Rhode Island, as Miss 
Tarbeli shows, have been built up to huge 
proportions under the fostering care of the 
tariff. Here, if anywhere, we should find 
those ideal conditions of "prosperity" that 
Lodge, Smoot, Taft, Aldrich and Cannon 
tell us go with the system. Rhode Island, 
in short, ought to be a stand-patter's dream 
of an earthly paradise. Learn from Miss 
Tarbell's story, based on official documents 
and incontrovertible fact, the appalling con- 
ditions : that these "protected" working peo- 
ple are not American but foreign, that their 
pay is miserable and entirely inadequate to 
support them in decency and comfort, that 
children and mothers are compelled to work 
to keep families from starving, that they 
live in slums in hideous squalor while the 
owners of the mills live in palaces, that the 
mills are unsanitary fire traps without the 
common decencies, that workers injured in 
the mills have little or no recourse in the 
courts, that the state and local governments 
are under the control of a contemptible 
corporation machine, and that the crown 
and top-sheaf of the whole despicable sys- 
tem is Senator Aldrich in whose hands we 
have placed the making of our tariffs. 

This Senator Aldrich is the gentleman 
who controlled the vote of our own Senator 
Flint through the whole of the present 
congress. We needed a tariff on lemons — 
most of which the railway promptly took 
away from us — and for that we traded ev- 
erything else including woolen goods for 
Rhode Island. As a consequence, many 
thousand people shiver under cotton blan- 
kets this winter, and the mill owners — not 
the operatives — have more money to spend 
in Europe. We are not blaming Senator 
Flint. He did what his constituents seemed 
to wish him to do. It was the system of the 
day. When this paper — almost alone at the 
time — protested against the awful price we 
were paying for lemons, our friends by the 
score burst into remonstrance, and criti- 
cism. "Give the other fellow what he wants 
so as to get what we want." There was no 
other way to do it. How public sentiment 
has cleared and changed since then ! And 
plain facts like those presented by Miss 
Tarbell will help still further to make things 
clear. C. D. W. 



■ A determined effort is to be made to in- 
duce the present legislature to revive the 
district fair system. It may not prove an 
easy thing to do, were legislature and ad- 
ministration never so willing, for the reason 
that only omniscience can surely foreknow 
what the new system of taxation, provided 
for in the adoption of constitutional amend- 
ment number one, is going to produce, and 
until that fact is known from experience 
appropriation will have to proceed cautious- 

But, no matter what the state of the 
state treasury nothing should be done with 
relation to reviving the district fair system 
without first giving the whole subject of 
fairs careful consideration. While there is 
still a good place for good fairs they are 
not as essential to agricultural prosperity as 
they were when fair days were the only 
market days there were, or when it was 
through fairs and their object lessons that 
farmers and stock raisers chiefly learned the 
value of new methods and new breeds. 

What with government and state experi- 
ment stations, farmers' bulletins, patholog- 
ical laboratories for the study of diseases of 
plants and animals ; what with agricultural 
colleges, farming schools and short courses, 
demonstration trains and a great govern- 
ment devoting something like $20,000,000 a 
year to agricultural and kindred interests; 
what with agricultural journals and farmers' 
institutes with scientific lecturers laying be- 
fore those who care to listen the ripest 
knowledge of the age, with all these the ed- 
ucational value of fairs is not what it once 
was, at least not relatively speaking al- 
though, absolutely, there may still be great 
gain from fairs if only people will attend 
them. ,. 

In some states they do. Both Iowa and 
Minnesota have had in excess of 200,000 
persons in attendance upon their state fairs 
in a single season, although they are not of 
the wide-open variety, The state fairs of 
Michigan and Texas are the most largely at- 
tended of any state fairs, but they are wide- 
open, almost the only ones that are, inas- 
much as, the whole country over, there has 
been a revulsion of public sentiment against 
those carnivals of gambling, drunkenness 
and crime that have gone under the name of 
fairs. It was once supposed that fairs could 
not be maintained without making them 
wide-open, but the time came when the 
thing that people' thought that fairs could 
not get along without proved to be the thing 
that they could not get along with. ' With 
perhaps one exception there are no greatly 
successful state fairs that are not held with- 
in easy and inexpensive access from large 
centers of population, the exception being 
Illinois which holds successful state fairs at 
the state capital. 

The district and county fair system is not 
what it was along in the 80's, but a number 
of Middle Western states hold many of 
them and they are esteemed successful, al- 
though after a moderate measure. Illinois 
has held more such fairs than perhaps any 
other state, more than 3,000 in number since 
1870, paying out more than $7,000,000 in ag- 
gregate premiums, and yet the state has 
helped these smaller fairs only from five to 
eleven per cent of the premiums actually 
paid. Throughout the Middle West state 
aid to county and district fairs is usually 
extended in the form of a definite percent- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



3 



generally forty per cent, of each prem- 
ium actually paid, with the further stipula- 
te prem- 
iums shall go :,. the speed ring, and with the 
notion that neither pool-selling 
nor the selling of liquors shall be permitted 
on the fair grounds nor within half a mile 
ther. 

When the district fair system first took 
form in California the state was divided into 
only eleven districts, hut by the time the 
m was allowed to fall into its present 
comatose condition the number had in- 
creased to forty-five. It is worth while to 
that these forty-five districts are not 
dead hut sleeping. They are legally active 
and will become very much so the moment 
nplacent legislature manifest a tenden- 
cy t.> extend them credit at the state treas- 
ury. 

In 1890 the state fair received from the 
state $17,500. but the district fairs were giv- 
en a ; "0.020. In 1892 the stale fair 
was given $20,000, but the districts got 
$90,689. In 1894 the state fair again 're- 
ceived a state bonus of $20,000. but the ap- 
propriations for the district fairs reached a 
of $100,131. This large appropriation 
for district fairs seemed to jar the legisla- 
ture for it proceeded ruthlessly to cut down 
appropriations for district fairs until 1902, 
when such appropriations ceased altogether. 

If California were to hold one great fair 
at Oakland or San Francisco and another at 
Los Angeles the admission fees, etc., would 
make them self-sustaining after the 
plants had been set up. a third at Sacra- 
mento and a fourth at Fresno would reach 
about all the people in the state who would 
care to go to fairs, the cost wouJd be less 
and such fairs would do more good than to 
have as many district fairs as counties. 
Whatever merit there may be in the district 
fair system consists mainly in having only 
a reasonable number of districts and in mak- 
ing appropriations, in their aid, not in lump 
sums, but in a definite percentage of each 
premium actually paid. That device at once 
helps them up and holds them down. 

Public sentiment is clearly shaping itself 
for a revival of the fair system. This time 
let us do it right. 

+ + + 

JUSTICE SLOSS ON JUSTICE 



There is nothing radical -in the mental, 
makeup of Mr. Justice M. C. Sloss, but also 
there is nothing fogy. He would not change 
the old order without the greatest delibera- 
tion, but to propose to change it does not 
affect him as would a proposal to pull out 
every sound tooth he has in his head. There- 
fore there is hope in him, although not as 
much can be said for some of his associates. 
The attitude, for instance, of mind of the 
honored Chief Justice, toward the law as it 
is and was, is little short of worshipful, and 
the old judicial order will suffer small change 
with his consent. Howbeit, this is not the 
gravest objection to our present supreme 
court. Rather is it the kind of men who 
constitute it and the special interests who 
placed them there, a fault that can foe reme- 
died only by time and by the non-partisan 
nomination and election of judges. 

Mr. Justice Sloss has declared in favor of 
a review on appeal of the essential facts as 
well as of the law in criminal cases; the 
right of the state, as well as of the defen- 
dant, to remove causes from- one county to 
another; verdicts by three-fourths of a jury 
except in case of felony punishable with 



death .>r life imprisonment; power of the 
trial j: harge the jury as to fact as 

well as to law; denial to defendant of right 
t<> challenge grand jury that indicted hint: 
power in - impel defendant t 

iluce documents in his , n bearing 

on case; right of jury to consider failure of 
defendant to testify on his own behalf. Fin- 
ally, prohibition of testimony of confessions 
Obtained from persons under arrest as the 

result of "sweating" by peace officers. 

All the judicial reforms suggested by Mr. 
Justice SI"-- are good and profitable, ex- 
cept the final one, and thai may become pro- 
fitable when a proper substitute shall have 
been provided. The sweating system, like 
that of lynching, owes it- existence mainly 
to the failure of tin- courts i" establish jus- 
tice. Society must and will, find some 
means for protecting itself. When the hair- 
splitting judiciary failed it, it was only nat- 
ural that resort should be had to the non- 
judicial peace officers, and it is not too much 
to say that more convictions of common of- 
fenders are obtained through the extra-ju- 
dicial services of the peace officers of this 
Suate than, without their services, through 
the entire judicial machinery of the com- 
monwealth. Doubtless this sweating imme- 
diately upon arrest should be done publicly 
and before a magistrate, but doubtless it will 
have to be done somehow or few convictions 
of guilty persons will be obtained. It is 
through that process that the raveling end 
of the thread of guilt is usually obtained. 

Justice fails in the trial courts chiefly be- 
cause the hands of the trial judge are too 
much tied. The first reform, then, should 
be the re-endowing of trial courts with those 
powers necessary to the administration of 
justice of which they have been deprived in 
the interests of the guilty and not of the in- 
nocent. The recommendations made in that 
direction by Justice Sloss do not go far 
enough. 

The next most serious interference with 
the administration of criminal justice comes 
from the appellate courts not uniformly com- 
posed of judges of higher character or sound- 
er learning than occupy trial benches, and 
promoted for political rather than judicial 
reasons. The recommendations of Justice 
Sloss with reference to courts of appeal are 
sound, and yet if carried out can but poorly 
compensate the state for the evil of putting 
small men in large places. Give us bigger 
men for appellate judges and we shall have 
more justice under faulty laws than we may 
look for under ideal laws administered 'by 
small men occupying the seats of the mighty. 
It is to the non-partisan judicial ballot, re- 
enforced by an unhesitating public discus- 
sion of the capabilities of judicial officers, 
that we must look for the reformation of 
this, our "disgrace to civilization," as the 
President has pertinently expressed it. 
* ♦ * 

IS HE A DEAD ONE? 



It comes from inside sources that a con- 
certed effort is making in New York, and 
working out from there to other financial 
and political centers, to wdiisper Theodore 
Roosevelt down, to treat it as a foregone con- 
clusion that he is a "dead one," to assume 
that the wave which swept over half the 
states in the union last November engulfed 
no one but Roosevelt, that what to others 
was a mere incident in the shifting fortunes 
of politics was, so far as Roosevelt is con- 
cerned, a Waterloo and Saint Helena rolled 
into one. This campaign of whispering 



down is being re-enforced by the mosl 
dalous canards touching the sobriety and 

beha\ inns and, 

although often repeated with some reserva- 
tions as to their truth, they are indefatigable 
passed along to work what injury they may. 
The controllable press will soon lie found 
iforcing this campaign of mouth t" 
mouth whispering. Will their combined ef 
forts succeed? It is to be doubted. Al- 
though, during October, Colonel Roosevelt 

Fought for the Republican cause in New 

York and Ohio, in Indiana and Massachu- 
setts, when his utterances are considered 

and compared they will be found to be per- 
fectly consistent with each other and not 
inconsistent with his Ossawafrtomie address. 
It was only the situations and not the 
speeches that were inconsistent. lie sus- 
tained injury in that catastrophe, but he is 
no "dead one." It is more than a coinci- 
dence, loo, that those who are thus engaged 
in whispering Theodore Roosevelt down are 
utilizing the remainder of their wind power 
in boosting the nomination of one William 
Howard Taft as Republican candidate for 
the presidency in l'»12. 

A. J. P. 
+ * * 

NEW EDITORIAL CONTRIBUTOR 



The editorial staff of the Outlook is en- 
larged with this issue by the addition of A. 
J. Pillsbury, formerly editor of the Califor- 
nia Weekly. Mr. Pillsfoury has been in 
newspaper work for many years in this 
state, and has of late years been an active 
factor in political matters always on the 
side of good government and progress. 
Thoroughly posted on state affairs and of 
ripe experience and clear judgment, he will 
be cordially welcomed to the columns of 
the Outlook, arid his work given keen ap- 
preciation toy our readers. 



PRESS COMMENT 



"It seems a chasm is opening between the 
King of England and the people." 

"Yes, and apparently he won't bridge it 
with new peers." — 'Baltimore American. 



If that aviator really wanted President 
Taft to go up in his airship, why didn't he 
tell him it would help the party? — -Detroft 
Times. 



An English newspaper offered prizes for 
the -best lists of twenty-five beautiful words. 
The politicians think the most beautiful 
word in the English language is "elected." 
— Houston Chronicle. 



Ex-Congressman Hepburn of Iowa op- 
poses any further tariff revision. This -is 
one reason he is ex-Congressman Hepburn. 
— Kansas City Star. 



It might be possible to find a worthy 
hope of the white race among those British 
suffragettes. — Emporia Gazette. 



Nevada's population increased 93 per cent. 
The census must have been taken July 4 
when Reno was full. — Pittsburg Dispatch. 



Possibly the colonel might be shaken out 
of his lethargy by having his attention call- 
ed to the report that sedition is spreading 
in Egypt. — Richmond News Leader. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



POLITICAL TABLE TALK 



By THE WATCHMAN 



The Case It may be doubted if Gov- 
of Curry ornor Johnson will have 
to deal with many prob- 
lems more perplexing than the one of 
"What to Do With Curry." The con- 
sensus of political opinion is that 
Charles F. Curry is a poor man. No 
man about town in Sacramento will 
question that, during all of Curry's 
career at the State Capitol, unless we 
except the last two years during 
which official salaries have been more 
liberal he has expended as entertainer 
of town and out-of-town friends the 
full equivalent of his salary as Secre- 
tary of State. He offered his all upon 
the altar of his ambition to be gover- 
nor of California and lost on it. 
Charles F. Curry needs a job, and he 
has hosts of friends all ever the state 
who will not hold it lightly against 
anyone who stands between Curry 
and a political office that has a living 
in it for him. This Governor John- 
son knows without being told of it. 
What can he do with Curry? 



The Significance of His How carhe 
Appointment by Gillett James N. 
Gillett to 
send in the appointment of Chas. F. 
Curry to be Building and Loan Com- 
missioner? The only possible reason 
why Mr. Curry was not a thoroughly 
acceptable gubernatorial candidate in 
the eyes of Mr. W. F. Herrin, was 
that Mr. Curry had his own political 
machine, that there is scarcely an of- 
fice or institution in the state into 
which Mr. Curry has not tucked away 
Curry men in spite of Mr. Herrin's 
desire to have only Herrin men in 
such positions. In his own office 
Curry's men were all Curry men first 
and Herrin men afterward. The fear 
of Herrin, not at all ill ground- 
ed, is thought by many to have 
been that if Curry became gover- 
nor every particle of political pa- 
tronage in the state would go to 
Curry men, men who would be very 
friendly to Mr. Herrin, but after 
Curry's desires were first known ana 
paid deference to. In short, Mr. Her- 
rin is believed to have had visions of 
his lieutenants standing hat in hand 
in the ante-room of Governor Curry's 
office awaiting Curry's pleasure re- 
garding Mr. Herrin's political desires. 
Hence the abortive effort to make Al- 
den Anderson governor in place of 
Curry! Unless all students of politi- 
cal affairs in California went wild in 
their calculations this is the reason 
why Herrin was not for Curry — if 
Herrin was not for Curry. Then how 
comes it that the retiring governor, 
whom Mr. Herrin had made governor, 
sent in the nomination of Charles F. 
Curry to be Building and Loan Com- 
missioner? Did Gillett, who had not 
been disobedient, revolt at the very 
last moment and become unmanage- 
able? Or have Mohammed and the 
Mountain gotten together? Is it to 
be Curry in 1914? 



with the affairs of the state as any 
man in the state and it were well if 
a good place were found for him, but 
the less the vantage of such position 
for doing politics the more greatly 
will the public interests be subserved 
For, be it remembered, Charles F. 
Curry is, preeminently, not the kind 
of man who should be governor. It 
is hoped that California has forever 
turned its back upon the spoils of 
of office system of state politics. Of 
any other system than that Mr. Curry 
has never dreamed. It was by that 
ladder that he climbed and it was 
from that ladder that he fell, the 
nosing around the foot of it by Mr. 
Herrin apparently making mischief 
for Curry. As Building and Loan 
Commissioner Mr. Curry will have no 
patronage to bestow, but he will be 
free to roam at will up and down the 
state fixing up his fences, seeing old 
friends and making new ones, and it 
will go hard with him if he fail, four 
years hence, of Jiaving every Curry 
man in the state — and their number is 
not few — on the firing line sharp- 
shooting for Curry. A good place 
should be found for Mr. Curry. He 
needs it, but let it be as sedentary and 
sequestered as possible, devoid of pa- 
tronage and with regular office hours 
requiring his official presence six days 
in the week. 



A Sedentary Jcb A good place 
Much Preferred . should be found 
for Mr. Curry if 
one can be, but the public interests 
require that it be as sedentary as pos- 
sible with regular office hours six days 
in the week and a fixed habitation in 
some quiet nook far from the mad- 
dening crowd. Otherwise Mr. 
Curry will be doing politics with 
reference to his being nominated 
and elected governor of Califor- 
nia in 1914. Wherever he mav 
be he will be exceedingly busy to 
that end, for he is no quitter and so 
long as he has life he will have hope, 
He is a capable man and as conversant 



Secretary Jordan Whatever doubts 
Catches the Idea may be entertained 
concerning Secre- 
tary of State Frank C. Jordan it can 
not be charged that he is slow in 
catching an idea. He is without doubt 
the most noted glad-hander California 
ever produced and indications are that 
his good right hand will stand him in 
as good stead in office as in getting into 
office. It is an open secret that legis- 
lators went up to Sacramento deter- 
mined to strip the office of Secretary 
of State of as many responsibilities as 
possible and, among others, of the re- 
sponsibility for holding license and 
corporation tax moneys as open bank 
accounts in banks for days, and even 
weeks, before settling with the state 
treasurer. There have been hundreds 
of thousands of dollars so held in 
years past without other security than 
the bond of the Secretary of State, 
only $10,000, and the good faith of the 
bank. One of the purposes of reform 
legislators was to require daily settle- 
ments with the State treasurer, but 
Mr Jordan appears to have forestalled 
action by himself requiring daily set- 
tlements to be made. However, it 
would not be amiss for the legislature 
to sanction Mr. Jordan's prompt ac- 
tion by enacting equally prompt legis- 
lation to the same effect to the end 
that the salutory order be not counter- 
manded after ' the legislature shall 
have adjourned. The charge has not, 
to The Watchman's knowledge, been 
made that banks receiving these 
moneys, and passing them to the pri- 
vate account of the Secretary of State, 
have courteously allowed the Secre- 
tary the customary two per cent on 
average daily balances, but only that 
there was nothing to hinder if such 
an arrangement had been mutually . 
agreeable. In the custody of the 
State Treasurer such moneys may be 
lent to the state's advantage. Let 
the law fix what Secretary Jordan has 
merely prefixed. 



Not More Judges But The biennial 
a Redistribution effort to se- 

cure addi- 
tional superior judges in certain coun- 
ties is now being made at Sacramento. 
Doubtless certain of our superior 



judges are overworked and are behind 
with their calendars. Doubtless also 
certain other superior judges have 
time to pitch quoits, play pinochle and 
go fishing. There are ninety-eight 
superior judges in California, or one 
to every 24,000 inhabitants if they 
were averaged up right and made 
available where needed. The adoption 
of Senate Constitutional amendment 
No. 36, at the last election, opens the 
way for the utilization of judges from 
counties that do not give them enough 
to do in other counties where there is 
more work than the local judges can 
do. This should go far toward obviat- 
ing the necessity for creating more 
judges, although there should be some 
equalizations of salaries where the 
more poorly paid judges are called to 
help out in the counties where judges 
are better paid. There should be 
legislation, for instance, to enable out- 
side judges to draw the same pay, per 
diem-, as the judges in the counties 
into which they are called draw while 
they sit in such counties. This would 
make outside judges the more willing 
to serve outside their own counties 
and, at the same time, help to clear 
the calendars in congested counties. 
California has superior judges enough 
and to spare. The only problem is 
that of distribution. In the working 
out of that problem the legislature 
now has full power to act. 

A Reconstructed State The sugges- 
Department of Justice tion made in 
G overnor 
Johnson's inaugural address looking 
to a reconstruction of the state's de- ' 
partment of justice was timely and 
wise. A first step is to make the of- 
fice of Attorney General appointive 
and not elective, to the end that the 
governor may have more complete 
authority over the administration of 
justice than he now has. As to the 
centralization of all the legal business 
of the institutions of the state into the 
one department of justice there is, of 
course, room for two opinions. On 
the score of efficiency and economy 
much may be said for it. On the 
score of placing the power and re- 
sponsibility in the same hands argu- 
ments may be advanced against it 
very worthy of consideration. This 
subject came up in the United States 
senate while the raihoad regulation 
bill was under consideration and was 
fully discussed. The Interstate Com- 
merce Commission insisted upon the 
right and necessity for employing its 
own attorneys in prosecuting its 
cases before the Court of Commerce. 
The administration insisted upon the 
unification of all legal business in the 
hands of the Attorney General of the 
United States. A compromise was ef- 
fected satisfactory to neither side. 
The State Department of Banking has 
an attorney who is paid $4,500 a year; 
the San Francisco Harbor Board has 
one who receives $2,400; the San 
Diego Harbor Board has one at $1,- 
500; the State Board of Health an 
attorney at $3,000; the Regents of the 
State University one at $3,600 and the 
State Lunacy Commission an attor- 
ney who draws $3,000. These are all 
looked upon as soft snaps, the ap- 
pointments to them are all turned 
over to the political powers that be 
and are made with more regard to 
political services rendered than be- 
cause of exceptional fitness for the 
tasks to be performed. There is lit- 
tle doubt that the $18,000 thus ex- 
pended could be made to go much 
farther and do much more if under 
the control of a Department of Jus- 
tice. Doubtless two good attorneys 



could do all that all these special 
attorneys do, but what about the re- 
sponsibility of these several boards 
for results if the legal proceedings 
are to be taken out of their hands and 
placed in a Department of Justice 
with discretionary powers to do or 
not to do what these several boards 
want done? Ought not the State 
Board of Railroad Commissioners, 
for instance, to have an attorney of 
their own selection? 



Heads of Departments Governor 
to Be Held Responsible Johnson has 
.made no 
better suggestion than that he shall 
give the heads of departments under 
him full power to select their own 
subordinates and then hold them to 
a rigid accountability for the conduct 
of their offices. This strikes at the 
root of one of the most vexatious lit- 
tle evils in our entire civil service sys- 
tem. Not a head of a department but 
has his subordinates furnished him 
and he must put up with them as best' 
he may. Not being dependent upon 
their chief for tenure of office sub- 
ordinates do as much or as little as 
they see fit, mindful only of the good 
opinion of the author of their appoint- 
ment. A certain periodical drunkard 
was kept in one office for years 
sgainst the protest of the head of the 
department and when at last he was 
withdrawn by his sponsor a place was 
found for him in another office. It is 
to be hoped that Governor Johnson 
will insist upon the inauguration of 
this system throughout and make 
other state officials keep hands off as 
well. It will impart to the state's 
service a new spirit. 



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Delivered within the old city 
boundary lines. 

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Phone Home 10053; Sunset 
Main 8191 



BEKINS' 



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And 250 S. BROADWAY 

Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



'TT HE DATA for this depart- 
^» merit is supplied from the 
statistical bureau of the Munici- 
pal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor 
any other has any control over, 
or is in any way responsible for, 
the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Unmitigated Mistatement: V I.. 
Indianapolis contributes an 
article to the January number of 
Municipal Engineering against the 
ernment, in 
which he has this to say about the 
ral places where 
the recall is in use, a- at Haverhill, 
:husetts, and at Los Angeles, 
the defeated candidate has used it to 
r chance to win the office, 
by having a new trial It is a danger- 
ous instrument unless," etc. Where 
Mr. Mason get his facts, we ask, 

is all the rest of his paper just as 
accurate as this? The recall has been 
used only twice in Los Angeles. Tn 
1904 Davenport, a councilman who 
had V rive the Times the city 

printing on a bid $15,000 higher than 
the other papers — a contemptible bit 

raft — was defeated by A. D. 

. Mon. a new-comer to the city. 
unknown in politics, who had never 
before been a candidate for anything. 
There were no other competitors at 
this election. Tn 1909 Mayor Harper 
was recalled, that is to say, a petition 
was liled, and he resigned and refused 
to run. The man who won the elec- 
tion, George Alexander, the present 
mayor, had never been a candidate for 
Mayor nor for any other city office. 
The only other man running was on 
the socialist ticket, and he had never 
before been a candidate for Mayor. 
That finisher the Los Angeles end of 
Mr. Mason's story. As for the Haver- 
hill part, we recently read a detailed 
report of the working of the commis- 
sion plan, and no mention was made 
of the use of the recall, which cer- 
tainly would have been mentioned had 
it heeii used. We are not aware of a 
single 'case in any American city 
where the recall has been used as he 
describes. 



nercc 

ly in. 

- llOl work 
with or against the ment. 

Its. thi ns to he that if the 

all right the city govern 
ment will he all right, which is tnu 
Ithough tiiat path In ini- 
nint is long and laborious. Tile 

ever, is highly creditable, and will 
Furnish a good argument to those re 

who contend that 
citizens should not mix up in politu 



Prostitution Law Unconstitutional: 

The Supreme Court of New York has 
ruled unconstitutional the provision of 
the Page law on the subject of pros- 
titution that provided for medical ex- 
amination and continuation of sen- 
tence during recovery. A woman ar- 
rested for prostitution was given a 
sentence on the merits of the case. 
\ medical examination was then to 
be held, and if it was found that the 
woman was diseased she was kept in 
custody until cured, or for one year. 
The statute was attacked on two 
grounds, one that it made an unjust 
discrimination between the sexes — no 
such provision applying to men — and 
the other that it was an imprisonment 
: out due process of law, based on 
the statement of a physician, without 
opportunity for inquiry into the facts 
by the court. The decision finds no 
merit in the first contention, but de- 
cide- against the. law on the second 

point. 

Successful Organization: The Civic 
League of St. Louis is one of the 
three or four most successful organi- 
zations of that order in the United 
States and is in some ways distinctly 
unique. A large part of its effective- 
ness has been due da Mayo Fesler, 
long its secretary, who lately went to 
Cleveland to take charge of the civic 



Fractical Men: The Postmaster 

General estimates that within the la-l 
ti\e years i^^- get-rich-quick concerns 
of New York have gathered in one 
hundred millions of money from 
SU'Ckers. The popular theory about 
-tickers is that they are very 
poor people. Some of litem are, hut 
the vast majority, whether we figure 
by number of individual- or by aggre- 
of money lost, are practical busi- 
ness men. small and large, who have 
accumulated a little surplus with which 
they are willing to take chances. 
Whenever there is a revelation, and 
the post office gets hold of the list 
of victims, there is general astonish- 
ment at the high commercial standing 
of many who have been "stung." The 
civic moral of all this is that the 
astuteness — even the commercial 
astuteness — of the average business 
man is not quite all that it is held up 
to he. 



Housekeeping Schools: The Prus- 
sian government has established a 
system of housekeeping instruction 
with a large number of wagons sent 
from one neighborhood to another 
with teachers and apparatus to show 
housewives the latest and most scien- 
tific methods of cooking, house clean- 
ing, etc. This includes sanitation, 
health, and domestic economy gen- 
erally. The Germans long ago dis- 
covered that a government was sus- 
ceptahle of other uses than providing 
jobs for successful politicians. In- 
finite possibilities for the good of the 
many iie in this institution for those 
who :hoose to avail themselves of it. 
Slowly the American people are 
awakening to this fact. 



Sane Form of Commemoration: The 
people of Wales are raising a large 
fund for a memorial to Edward VII, 
a king whom they held in the highest 
personal esteem because of the long 
period he held title as the Prince of 
Wales. This memorial, however, is 
not to be in the form of a tomb, or 
monument, or other useless and sor- 
rowful thing; it is to he an organized 
movement throughout the country for 
the suppression of tuberculosis. If 
this plan is carried out as designed, 
it may make Wales the first country 
of the world to drive out this terrible 
pest. The most important thing about 
Wale- just at present is that it has 
given the world David Lloyd-George 

College City Government Clubs: 

Upper classmen of Yale have formed 
an organization for the study of city 
politics and civic problems. It is sug- 
gested by progressive newspapers that 
such organizations ought to be estab- 
lished in all colleges of the country. 
Students of the Los Angeles colleges, 
Occidental and Southern California, 
have proven very useful in practical 
nolitical work for good government of 
late year-. 



that an automobile running at 
i mile- an hour or less doe- 11" 

damage whatever to a macadam ro.ni. 
Even at 20 mile- the injury i- very 
-light. From that on up t. 
damage increases at a rapid rate until, 
.tor expn sses it. it i- like 
a circular saw going through a hoard. 
\11 the loo! that make 

■ 
acke I out and scattered oi 
land i tpe. and the road, « eakened 
i ib] ' ion o pieces. 



A City Architect: Vancouver, Brit- 
ish Columbia, a place that ha- grown 

■ . ,, 35,000 -in v .o - igo to 125,000 
at present, has in the city government 
a functionary known as "City Archi- 
tect" whose services are given free of 
charge to citizen- for planning of 
grounds and gardens and for advice 
in choice of plants and trees. The 
purpose is to secure co-operation and 
harmony and to stimulate interest in 
such matters. This i- a practical idea 
that would help to beautify Ameri- 
can cities if followed generally. 

A Missing Link: Secretary Wilson, 
discussing the high cost of living, de- 
clares that there is an average margin 
of 50 per cent between the price the 
consumer pays and the money the 
farmer pets, and suggests that they 
make a business of getting together. 
There is, however, a link missing in 
the connection, and that is a parcels 
post cheap delivery system. When 
we have that, the consumer in the 
■city and the farmer in the adjoining 
country can get together on a reason- 
able basis. 

Public Comfort Stations: Washing- 
ton now has three public comfort sta- 
tions, two of which have been in ser- 
vice for three years, and the third 
just completed. Last year there was 
an attendance at the two in service of 
1.020.COO males and 377.000 females. 
That would seem to be a pretty good 
indication of the need these concerns 
fill. It is an average of nearly 4000 
a day. Receipts amounted to $1700. 



Democracy the True Purpost: Note 
this by Delos F. Wilcox: "Govern- 
ment in all ages has been in large 
measure diverted from its true, uni- 
versal purpose into an institution de- 
voted to the benefit of those who 
govern. But we hold that democracy 
was ordained from the beginning, 
that it is the normal purpose of the 
state toward which civilization tends." 



New York City Club: The last re- 
port of the City Club of New York 
shows that it is prosperous and in 
good financial order as a club in spite 
of the large expense to which it is 
put in its civic work. The club has 
a large and comfortable home in the 
center of the down-town club region, 
has a large membership and is a popu- 
lar rendezvous for the forces of civic 
progress. 



Fanama Rate and Time: Seth Mann, 
Esq.. addressing a banquet of the 
Merchants' Association of San Fran- 
cisco, says that the time from New 
York to this coast via the Canal will 
be 20 day.-, which is below the aver- 
age now taken by the railway for 
freight, and that the rate will be $6.00 
a ton as against the present railway- 
average of $8.00 or $9.00. 



i . rtioll of 

and abandonment of poor relations 
.in.l other in. ill. i - ni that kind. 



Smcke Consuming: i i wit 

nesses the ol new 

smoke consumers hut there is still 
room f ir h imetime a -moke 

consumer will l< i that will 

iie -moke and thai will mean an 
enormous saving of monej ami health 
in our big Hi' 



Automobiles and Roads: Careful ex- 
periments carried on by the director 
of the National Office of Public Roads 



Domestic Relations Court: Among 
tin inferior or magistrates' courts of 
New York City, one has been estab- 
lished by a recent law, known as the 
Domestic Relations Court, wherein 
are tried, with something of the in- 
formal manner of the juvenile court, 



Bigger Thrn Lcs Angeles: Chicago 
Stretches about 30 mile- north and 
SOUtll along the Lake, and from 8 to 
15 mile- east and west. 



Think It Over: A criminal is one 
who would rather take chances than 
see a lawyer. — Life. 



317-323 
So. Broadway 



314-322 

Si i. Hill Strkbt 



A. FUSENOT CO. 

Semi-Annual 
Clearance 

Now Going On 

/jTHIS sale is in- 
^ augurated to 
quickly dispose of 
all broken lines and 
odds and ends at 
greatly reduced 
prices before in- 
voicing. 

If you have been waiting for 
bargains, now is the time to se- 
cure them throughout the store. 
Especial mention is made of 

Reduced Prices on 

Suits, Dresses 

and Coats 

Savings range from % to l /i less 

FURS Ys LESS 



3S25 C3TJ r T 7 sS oV s ] 

{and illustrations 

FOR. BOOKLET'S, 
CATALOGS. 
PAMPHLETJ. 

LABELS. 

NEWS PAPEPt^S 

AND ALL OTHER 

J PRINTING PURPOSES. 





ARISTO! 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




Quiet efficiency — that phrase exact- 
ly reveals the impression made by 
the first week's work of the new ad- 
ministration in Sacramento. Business 
has been despatched with a prompt- 
ness unparalleled in the memory of 
old observers of state government. 
The taunt that reformers are "long 
hairs" and hence, by implication, im- 
practical people, has gone to the lum- 
ber room with a lot of other stock 
ideas and phrases of the "performers." 

For example, the new legislature 
had, by Friday, advanced the business 
of organization and the introduction 
of bills to a point attained by the last 
legislature only at the end of two 
weeks or more. The reformers were 
in full control from the first moment. 
The defeat of "Jack" Stafford for 
sergeant-at-arms of the assembly_ in 
the Republican caucus was the first 
evidence of their. power. Every move- 
ment made by either house since has 
been at the pleasure of the progressive 
forces. In fact, so obvious is the pre- 
dominance of the reform wing that 
the old performers have made no ef- 
fort whatever to oppose the present 
majority. 

The most striking event of the first 
few days was, of course, the inaugural 
address of Governor Johnson. The 
scene was not gorgeous, as'it has been 
ill the past, but dramatic to a tense 
degree. Before the joint assembly of 
the Senate and Assembly, and in the 
presence of an earnest and profound- 
ly attentive audience, Governor John- 
son read his address in tones of sober 
but feeling dignity. His audience was 
prepared to hear an address that would 
be unusual; they heard an address that 
at times elicited gasps of admiring as- 
tonishment. Without equivocation, in 
the plainest terms and with unmis- 
takeable determination, Governor 
Johnson placed himself officially 
on record as favoring the body 
of reforms advocated by him and the 
Republican party throughout the cam- 
paign. He adopted no artful circum- 
locutions of speech to express his 
meaning; where he meant the South- 
ern Pacific Company he said the 
Southern Pacific Company; where he 
meant the representatives in office of 
Southern Pacific politics, he used 
those words to describe those men. 

The address was splendidly con- 
structive. In rough outline it can be 
sketched as follows: Governor John- 
son's determination to remove from 
office Southern Pacific and other cor- 
porate henchmen, and to substitute 
for them men selected solely with 
reference to their ability; calling upon 
the legislature to enact by statute for 
the counties now, and to propose by 
legislative amendment for the whole 
state, laws putting into operation the 
initiative and referendum, and the re- 
call, the last to apply to all elective 
officials; appropriation of $75,000 to 
enable the Railroad Commission to 
make a physical valuation of railroad 
properties as a basis for the fixing of 
rates, and asserting the power of the 
Commission to fix absolute (not 
merely maximum) rates; amendment 
of Direct Primary Law to conform 
with the Oregon plan, providing for 
statewide, non-partisan advisory vote 
on U. S. Senators; short ballot, in- 
volving the making appointive by the 
governor of the officers acting as clerk 
of Supreme Court, State Printer, Sur- 
veyor General, Superintendent of Pub- 
he Instruction, Secretary of State and 
Attorney General, leaving as elective 
officers only the Governor, Lieutenant 
Governor, Controller, legislature and 
judges; restoration of Australian bal- 
lot without party circle, and elimina- 
tion of all partisan designation after 
names of judicial candidates; county 
home rule; civil service and the merit 



system; conservation, including the 
resumption by the state of title to 
misappropriated public resources; re- 
formatory for first offenders, and em- 
ployers' liability law 

Lieutenant-Governor Wallace's ad- 
dress, which followed Governor John- 
son's, placed him on record as endors- 
ing all that had been said, and prac- 
tically serving notice on the legisla- 
ture that any failure to embody the 
reforms advocated in the Governor's 
address would be chargeable solely to 
the legislature and not at all to the 
chief executive or to the presiding 
officer of the Senate. 

The Legislature seems to be heartily 
in the mood to carry out these plat- 
form pledges. The work of organiz- 
ing both houses was quickly des- 
patched, and by the week-end adjourn- 
ment, taken Friday noon, the Senate 
standing committees had been named, 
both houses had adopted permanent 
rules, and 156 Senate bills and 159 
Assembly bills had been read for the 
first time and referred to the appro- 
priate committees. And at the time 
this is written (Monday night) there 
is every reason to believe and not the 
slightest reason to doubt that, by the 
time this paper is on the press, Judge 
John D. Works will have been elected 
United States Senator on the first 
ballot. 

This achievement, by the way, is 
really a feat worth noting particular- 
ly. To bring out of the >chaos pro- 
duced by the hazy and irreconcilable 
district advisory plan of the late pri- 
mary campaign, a prompt and com- 
plete victory for the candidate who 
represents the progressive idea is to 
get results in a brilliant fashion. That 
victory is especially due to the ability 
and persistence of four men; Chester 
H. Rowell, Meyer Lissner, E. A. Dick- 
son and Marshall Stimson. 

And this victory has another virtue 
than that it secures a progressive in- 
stead of a reactionary senator; it 
clears the decks of the legislature at 
once of that whole subject, leaving 
that body free to proceed with the 
state reforms pledged in the last tom- 
paign. The Senate committees are all 
safely for these reform measures, the 
Assembly committees will undoubted- 
ly be likewise, and of course the Gov- 
ernor and President of the Senate are 
on record for them. 

These two last-named officials, by 
the way, have made a deep impression 
here. Governor Johnson's inaugural 
address put expectation sharply on 
edge, and his rapid and efficient dis- 
position of business since that address 
have stamped him as an executive of 
unusual decision and determination. 
His prompt withdrawal of the elev- 
enth hour appointments made by Gil- 
lett is only the first step in a cam- 
paign that will be relentlessly pur- 
sued until the state service is cleared 
of servitors of private interests. 

Lieutenant-Governor Wallace has' 
made an equally favorable impression. 
Even the cynical San Francisco 
Chronicle was moved to admit, in the 
issue following the first session of the 
Senate over which Mr. Wallace pre- 
sided, that he would evidently prove 
an effective and forceful presiding offi- 
cer. Lieutenant-Governor Wallace's 
choice of committeemen, also, is very 
pleasing to the progressive leaders of 
the state and to the Senators them- 
selves. 

Altogether, the opening week of the 
new administration and of the Thirty- 
ninth Legislature is full of hopeful 
auguries for a complete redemption of 
California from corporation control 
and for the enactment and enforce- 
ment of a really prodigious body of 
reform legislation. 

Sacramento, Jan. 9, 1911. 



The Fairbanks 



Player-Piano 

Its patented devices for the control of tempo 
and phrasing lift this great Player Piano far 
above every other selling at its price. Three 
styles — In a beautifully finished Colonial case, 
at $600; in a pure Mission case, at $700, and in 
a Louis XV design, at $650. Fully guaranteed; 
plays all standard 65 and 88 note music on the 
double-tracked board. Sold on terms to suit. 

Frae use of our immense circulating library 
cf music rolls goes with every Fairbanks Play- 
er-Piano. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC CO. 




"The House of Musical Quality" 
332-334 SOUTH BROADWAY 



LOS ANGELES 



ELECTION OF NATIONAL 
DELEGATES AND THE NOMI- 
NATION OF PRESIDENT BY 
DIRECT VOTE 



THE SUPREME COURT AND 
POLITICS 



To Wisconsin belongs the honor of 
enacting the first primary law for the 
election of delegates to a national 
convention by direct vote of the peo- 
ple. The Wisconsin delegates to the 
Republican National Convention of 
1908 were elected under that law. 
They stood in that convention, a lit- 
tle band of fearless men fighting to 
the last ditch for platform pledges 
vital to the public interest. Their 
contest in the Chicago convention 
fixed the attention of the country and 
forced the candidate nominated for 
President to broaden the platform by 
declarations in his speech of accept- 
ance in favor of several of the im- 
portant Wisconsin propositions which 
the convention had impatiently re- 
jected. 

The lesson is obvious. Every state 
in the Union should adopt a primary 
law providing for the election of dele- 
gates to the National Conventions of 
1912 by direct vote of the people. 
With such a law in each state, the 
delegates will be chosen by the voters 
instead of by machine managers, and 
the national olatforms of both politi- 
cal parties will represent the interests 
of the people rather than the interests 
of the System. 

And every state should take another 
advance step. Oregon has just pointed 
the way. Under the Initiative, the 
people of that state voted for and 
adopted a law at the late election in 
November, providing not only for the 
election of delegates to National Con- 
ventions, but also provides that each 
voter shall at the April primary in 
1912 have the opportunity of express- 
ing his choice for President and Vice- 
President. 

Wall Street has already selected the 
Presidential candidates of both politi- 
cal parties. There is just time to de- 
feat the Wall Street clan 

Let the people organize and demand 
of every legislature the enactment of 
a primary law for the election of 
delegates to National Conventions by 
direct vote, embracing a provision that 
shall give to each voter the right to 
express upon his primary ballot his 
preference for President and Vice- 
President. 

Such a primary law will beat the 
Wall Street game and nominate and 
elect a President for all the people of 
these United States. — La Follette's. 



Before appointing two new mem- 
bers of the Supreme Court, President 
Taft consulted certain insurgent 
senators who might awkwardly" op- 
pose confirmation by the senate of 
appointments that were offensive to 
them. Probably the attitude of the 
insurgents was expressed by Senator 
La Follette when he said the new jus- 
tices should not be men "whose legis- 
lative or judicial records showed bias 
toward special interests or whose 
legal connections would tend to pre- 
judice them in favor of such inter- 
ests." 

But the Financial Chronicle, which 
consistently represents the most con- 
servative Wall street opinion, finds 
it "extremely disturbing" that the 
President consulted the insurgents 
at all in this connection. "It is a 
shock to one's sense of propriety," 
it says, "to have him seriously con- 
fer ^ with men of the La Follette 
type"; for when La Follette "speaks 
of 'special interests' he means the 
very interests which it was the pur- 
pose of the constitution to safe- 
guard." 

In short, the fact that a justice was 
•acceptable to the insurgents would 
render him objectionable to tht 
Chronicle clientele, and a justice 
whom the latter admired would be an 
object of suspicion to the former. 

Here, of course, was no question 
of mere legal ability. Neither side 
supposed the President would appoint 
any one who was not a first-rate law- 
yer. The whole qestion was as to 
the record and attitude of the ap- 
pointees upon a great political issue 
— what their personal feelings, lean- 
ings, or prepossessions were regard- 
ing the political issue upon which 
more and more the country tends to 
divide. This illustrates how much 
purely (political pow^r has, in the 
course of a century and a quarter, de- 
volved upon the court. Possessing 
purely political power, it is bound to 
be an object of political solicitude 
and influence. We suppose the 
court's next evolution will be to di- 
vest itself of this purely political 
power by refusing to annual any leg- 
islative act unless it appears clearly, 
unequivocally, beyond all reasonable 
doubt, that the act runs counter to 
the constitution. Construing laws 
would then be simply a judicial func- 
tion. The' leanings and preposses- 
sions that produce our five-to-four 
decision would have little place in it. — ■ 
Saturday Evening Post. 



FROZEN OUT 



The Times had a cartoon in Fri- 
day's issue showing the statehouse at 
Sacramento storm bound, buried in 
snow, with no signs of life about the 



place save -ft; very vivid pictures of 
the new got ; rnor and lieutenant gov- 
ernor in the windows. The picture is 
evidently intended to carry home the 
truth of how completely the Southern 
Pacific has been frozen out. — Los An- 
geles Financier. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




THE CITY" 



Chester H. Ro well's Address 
Before The City Club 




Mr Chester H. Rom i II, ( 

1 the 

it tho Hotel 

■ h an 

lb.- City." 

obtained an ex 

iphic report, in full, 

ie benefit of it.- readers, which 

Cities Dominate the Country 
"Tli the problem of the 

nt : it is the problem of now and 

the immediate future, and as we solve 

the problem of the city, so .-hall we 
ur other problems. 
"Most of the increase in population 
in the United States in the last few 
years has been in the city. The 
farming population has incn 
nothing like as fast as the city, and in 
the older farming states it has not in- 
creased at all. Only in the cities lias 
there been a great increase and every- 
where the city is beginning to domi- 
nate the country, by force of numbers. 
if nothing else. The time is very near 
its when the government and the so- 
cial structure of this nation and of its 
- will be no better and no worse 
than the cities make it, and if it is no 
hetter than the city- part of it has 
been, it will fall. 

Country Is the Balancing Force 
"It is not too much to say that the 
contribution of San Francisco to the 
rnment of California, or of New 
York City to the government of New 
York, or the United States, has been 
at deal less than nothing, and if 
it were not for the balancing force of 
the country and the small towns — and 
San Francisco regards Los Angeles as 
one of those small towns, differing 
from the other small towns only in 
size — if it had not been for the balanc- 
ing influence of these parts of the 
United States, free government would 
not have lasted until now. Free gov- 
ernment in the city has been, to a 
large extent, held up or propped up 
"iily by the fact that those cities were 
parts of states and a nation which had 
a form of free government. 

Governments Fear the City 
"There has been a little pessimism 
about the fact that the city has been 
held up as a bugaboo. You know how 
they have established colleges _ in 
small towns to keep their population 
from the cities and you know how 
states have passed constitutions to 
prevent them from having full repre- 
sentation in the legislatures. A good 
many European countries have done 
the same thing by indirect methods. 
In Germany they districted the repre- 
sentation in 1871 according to the 
population and they use these same 
districts today in sending their repre- 
sentatives and of course there has been 
an enormous growth and increase in 
the cities and no proportionate in- 
crease in their representatives. 

"In England the same thing is true. 
They have reformed their representa- 
tion two or three times there, always 
in the direction of equalizing the situ- 
ation, but never doing it. They have 
been afraid of the city. Then too. 

] you know of the music hall pathos and 
the moving picture pathos of the old 

: mother dreaming 'Where is my wan- 
dering boy,' he is off in some city 
dive, or the country girl that goes 
away so innocent and pure and who 
tes back a jade, — ar -ars to repre- 
sent the country idea o. he arrogance 
and corruption and danger of the 
city. 

"It has been proven that no civiliza- 
tion founded on cities could exist- 

| There has been a physical reason for 



it until recently.. It i- still true in 
. ,md it was, until tin- genera- 
true in all that the 
death rate in all cities was far gr< 
than the death rate in the country, 
which means that no city could per- 
manently exist bj any process 
immigration into it from the country. 
That is today no longer true. With 
modern sanitation, modern policing 
and lire protection, cities are phj 
ly safer place- to live in than the 
country and the average exec-- of 
birth rate over the death rate i- 
greater than in the country. h 
then become physically possible for 
cities lo exi-t and to 
will continue to do it. provided it i- 
made morally ami politically possible, 
arid the chief phenomenon of the last 
ten year- is that it has become pos- 
sible and that which people thought 
would never happen to a very large 
extent now has happened. 
Restitution cf Free Government in the 
Cities 
"American institutions broke down 
first in the cities, and the problem of 
the last decade has been to restore in 
the cities free institutions. 

"In all the ages the city has been 
the Source and the inspiration of the 
upward trend of civilization. Away- 
hack in the pastoral ages Abraham 
tended his flock just as his ancestors 
for a thousand generations had 
tended them and just as his successors 
kept on tending their flocks, until the 
growth of cities and of .war. and of 
commerce, began to pack men to- 
gether and then they developed new 
problems and new ways of meeting 
them in the clash of the contest in 
the forum and the market place. Men 
began to think new thoughts and de- 
velop new institutions, because they 
were crowded together in cities, and 
those cities became the modern phy- 
sical habitations of a multitude of 
men. 

Pleasure Mad-e Men Love the Cities 
"All of you who have read the Old 
Testament — and I presume most of 
you have — know with what reverence 
the city of Jerusalem was regarded 
tluring the days of the civilization of 
Judea; you know how the Greek cities 
were great for their homes and their 
ideals. Among the ancient Greek 
■cities there was no state and no na- 
tion, the city was the -center of every- 
thing; there never was a Greek na- 
tion until Alexander founded more 
than a nation and made it a great 
world empire. The city was the ob- 
ject of all the loyalty and devotion 
and it had all the rights. 

Individual Rights Unknown 
The ancient world knew no such 
thing as individual right. That is the 
modern conception, and the American 
conception, of the right you have 
against the government, — the limit of 
the authority of the government over 
you. It never occurred to the men in 
the ancient w r orld that there was any 
such limit. If it was best for such 
city that your first child should be 
murdered when born, or you should 
not eat in your own home, or live in 
your own home, or that you should he 
a soldier — even though you were a 
person who would make a good 
scholar but a poor soldier — or if it 
was best for that city that you should 
be poor in order to make you rugged, 
or that you should be rich at the ex- 
pense of the robbery of other people 
in order to give you leadership, what- 
ever was best for that city, or that 
would benefit it, was done with abso- 
lute ruthlessness; it never occurred 
to anybody that the individual had 
any rights. 
"Those of you who have read Aris- 



work- kn 

arter-. It i- a rather valll 
■ for the bet 
of the modern reader, but t: 
in that who 
lion that there wa- any city in the 

anci< nt world that r, an in- 

dividual's right to anything, — no 

tli, lives of ili' children, nor 
. dom or anj thing thai stood in 

the way of the gforj or | i \ "I 

I 
"Tin- same sort of an ideal i> 
with Rome, Rome grew into a great 

empire; and j el thai gre il empire al- 
ways centered in the city. To the 
Roman the city was the center of all 
ill asurc 1" the world. Rome held 
the loyalty of it- citizens by amusing 
them. 

"In ancient Greece ii was regarded a 
social disgrace to live in the country 
an the Romans spoke of the 'Homus 
rusticus' in the same way we speak 
of the 'rube.' Through the middle 
ages this condition was reversed, 
During that period the gentlemen 
lived in the country and looked down 
with social contempt on the towns 
ami the cities. The towns were the 
liMines of artisans, whose excuse for 
existence was manual labor. They 
were mostly cobblers, and shop 
keepers and tailors, etc., and the gen- 
tlemen looked down on the city as the 
habitation of that sort of people, and 
the city itself never regarded itself 
as a political or social unit, in the 
modern sense, at all. 
Medieval Cities Were Business Cor- 
porations 

"The medieval city was a business 
corporation. You know human rights 
were property in that day, — the prop- 
erty of tile sovereign — and any one 
who owned a human right, even the 
right of liberty, owned it at the pleas- 
ure of the sovereign. Now these 
cities grew up by getting from the 
sovereigns certain business rights, — 
the right to engage in trade and 
manufacture, and those were in truth 
the rights, not of the citizens, but of 
the city. Accordingly they were 
formed into guilds, each of which 
owned the right to engage in a cer- 
tain trade and nobody else could get 
that right unless they paid well for it. ■ 
They were not labor unions and they 
were not merchants and manufac- 
turers' associations but they were, if 
possible, both. That w-as a property 
right and the whole concern of the 
city was to preserve the property 
rights for the business class, the only 
class there was in the city. The com- 
mon laborer lived in the country and 
the gentleman lived in the country, 
and there was no civic life, in the 
modern sense, or, in other words, no 
individual rights. 

Recognition of Individual Rights 

"Individual rights developed when 



ne <>f the 

cannot measure it against two 
or twenty souls -imply bi 

i twenty time still 

id one infinite 
gaii i number of values i- 

worth ju-i a- much a- twenty. Thai 
. .■ theological doctrine and out 
i it i - ' I ii 
of tin- individual soul came the politi- 
cal 'i cl rinc i il Ihe inalienable i 

of the one man ag.iin-t all men 
I \i. pi. ill-el 

The Growth cf Individual Rights 

' We have that doctrine now- a- a 
i olil ical di ictrine. 1 f all the men in 
the world would want in deprive you 
l i certain right von have the right 
>•, stand against the world and say, 
'Thai is mv right ; not yours.' (Ap- 
plause). That is the modern doctrine 
ami the modern city has grown up, 
especially in this country, out of a 
r : v : l : zation based on that doctrine and 
; ' i- founded on the exercise of that 
doctrine. 

"Our civilization was established 
and written down in the constitution 
during the eighteenth century under 
tin hallucination that its temporary 
point of view and its problems were 
the only problems and its solution of 
those problems the' only solution. It 
moulded it into our fundamental laws, 
it has written it into our fundamental 
consciousness and most of us still 
believe that the philosophers and the 
thinkers of the eighteenth century 
solved all the problems necessary to 
be solved and did all the thinking 
necessary to do, so most of us have 
not done any thinking since. 
Declaration of Independence Is the 
Koran 

"The Declaration of Independence 
is the Koran and you know what the 
Califf said when he burned the library 
at Alexandria: 'If these things are in 
the Koran, wc don't need these books; 
and if they are not, we don't want the 
books.' Now, we have been inclined 
to think the first paragraph of the 
Declaration of Independence and the 
first ten articles of the Constitution 
of the United States has the Koran 
which contained all of truth; they do 
contain truth, they were true and are 
today true hut they are not all of 
truth, and our cities have suffered in 
particular by not realizing that. We 
established a civilization and institu- 
tions on a basis of a country people 
and a pioneer people who wanted 
nothing for themselves except the 
right to make their own way, — each 
man for himself. No man wanted 
help from anybody; all he wanted was 
liberty, not to be interfered with by 
anybody, There was trade and plenty 
of room for anybody and if any man 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



did not avail himself of these condi- 
tions it was his own fault. We have 
established our civilization upon that 
assumption and our civilization still 
works perfectly wherever that assump- 
tion is true and imperfectly wherever 
it is not. The cities, though, have 
made it cease to be true in a great 
many ways. We have begun to find 
out that in the cities we must restrict 
some liberties. It used to be that a 
man could keep a pig or a cow ill his 
back yard. Every city now makes 
this a public offence though it might 
be said that this restriction is inter- 
ference with a free man's right to 
raise his own pork or supply his own 
milk. 

The City Creates a New Type 
"We find, too, that the growth of 
cities developes a new sort of person. 
It is rather harder to realize that in 
Los Angeles than anywhere else be- 
cause Los Angeles is the one large 
city which has predominantly main- 
tained the American type of citizen- 
ship. That is your advantage, not 
necessarily your credit. That has 
been maintained by your peculiar so- 
cial conditions, which you won't have 
always and which no other city has at 
all. But the city type of man, — the 
man who was born in the city and 
whose father, grandfather and great 
grandfather before him were born in 
cities, the man who knows no condi- 
tion of life except city conditions, he 
is not an individualist. He does not 
want individual rights; he is afraid of 
individual rights. He has been born 
in the crowd and he feels a safety in 
crowds. He is not afraid of people; 
he is afraid of open places and is 
afraid of being alone. He would 
rather starve in the crowd of the city 
than make his own way in the coun- 
try. 

City Bred Man Will Not Help Him- 
self 

"It has been figured out that all of 
the great expenditures of the city of 
New York in the effort to make bet- 
ter tenements and decenter places to 
live in have not done for those people 
one-tenth as much as any one of them 
could have done for himself if he had 
moved out a little way into the coun- 
try and' worked out "his own future; 
but the people of the city of New 
York won't do that. They are not 
that sort of people. They are accus- 
tomed to depend on their neighbors 
and feel the utter helplessness of the 
individual to do anything by himself 
in the lower walks' of city life. That 
is a pathetic helplessness but it is a 
city condition we must reckon with as 
permanent. The thing to do is not 
to try to turn the individual citizen 
of the big city into the type of man 
that our pioneer countryman was, but, 
accepting the fact that he is distinctly 
of the city type, try to change him 
from that helpless and dependent con- 
dition and assist him into more in- 
telligent co-operation with his fellow 
citizens. 

"It is really astonishing, at times, 
for men raised in the country to go 
into the politics of a big city and find 
how few people there are there who 
have any ideas for themselves — and 
that is not all in the lower ranks of 
life either. You go into the city of 
San Francisco and yuil will find great 
hordes of men there who define their 
own political status by a certain pe- 
culiar phrase, such as, T am with the 
railroad,' or 'with the reformers,' or 
'I am with Sullivan,' or Vaughn, or 
Kennedy, or Crimmins or whoever 
the men are, and that sentence, in the 
dialect of the lower classes of the city, 
means 'His .cause is my cause; what- 
ever he says for me to think I will 
think; whatever he says for me to do, 
1 will do, because we must work to- 
gether; we are helpless individually 
and the easiest way of working to- 
gether is to turn over the job to one 
man and we will all pull together 
whatever way he pulls.' That is°what 
they mean by that strange political 
word 'with.' 



Dependence Not Confined to Poorer 
Sections 

"But that condition is not confined 
entirely to Tom Finn's and below the 
south of Market. I don't know how 
many times I have heard from the 
best business men in San Francisco: 
'Tell us what to do and we will do it.' 
They wanted good government and 
they wanted somebody to tell them 
what to do, — someone in whom they 
had confidence as believing in good 
government — and they would go and 
do it. They wanted a 'boss' too and 
felt perfectly helpless without a boss. 

"It is the application of the prin- 
ciple of division of labor to the only 
thing to which it cannot be applied, 
and we are so accustomed to that 
principle that it is very hard to make 
this one and necessary exception. 

To illustrate: I am going to Sacra- 
mento tonight on the 'Owl' train. It 
is none of my business who runs that 
train, or who its dispatcher is, or 
what manner of engineer it has, or 
who takes care of it, I pay my fare — 
and I do pay (laughter) — and for that 
money other people do the work. 
Modern life is worked out that way 
and we can run every modern institu- 
tion that w-ay except our politics. The 
tendency of the city man is to run 
his politics that way; that tendency 
we will have to combat. 
Business of the City to Make Loyal 
Citizens 

"Now the problem of the city is 
largely, I think, the making of citi- 
zens; that is, the developing of loyalty 
to the city, making each man feel that 
the city is his city and that its con- 
cern is his concern. That is not com- 
pletely the case with American cities. 
It is much more the case with Euro- 
pean cities, and the reason is that we 
are a home keeping people. We are 
a people of homes and each man's 
loyalty is to his own home and his in- 
terest in the city is in what it can do 
for his home. If the city can give 
him a good street, a good street car 
system, keep the burglars out of and 
fire from destroying that home, then 
he loves that city. All his working 
hours, he believes, shall be devoted to 
making money for that home and all 
his leisure hours shall be devoted to 
pleasure. He is intensely loyal to his 
home but the city is only an incidental 
part of his life. 

European City Life Different 

"That is not anything like so true in 
European cities. They tell us there 
is no word for 'home' in the conti- 
nental languages. There are words 
that the dictionary gives as some- 
thing of an equivalent, but, for in- 
stance, the German word 'heimat' gen- 
erally means the town you live in, 
not necessarily the house you live in. 
They harbor an affection for that 
town as much as they do the home 
and it is largely because the social 
life of the individual and his pleasures 
are a part of the life of the town and 
are not so exclusively of the life of 
his own family as in this country. It 
is perhaps one reason why they pos- 
sess the carnival spirit in Europe. 
They are accustomed to having their 
pleasures in the streets; they are ac- 
customed to meeting each other in the 
streets and they are accustomed to 
having common life in the streets. I 
am not advocating this as an improve- 
ment on home life but merely men- 
tion that fact as showing a certain 
loyalty in people whose lives are 
bound up in the city, which does not 
exist in the people whose lives are 
only incidental parts of the city. You 
feel that particularly in a new town 
like Los Angeles where hardly any- 
body who lives there was born in it. 
The Easterner comes to live in Los 
Angeles, but the town he calls home 
is not Los Angeles. It is a place 
back East. That will last, of course, 
only for one generation, but in that 
generation this town ought to de- 
velop the loyalty of the individual 
citizen so that he will feel toward the 
city he lives in something of that af- 



fection that he feels toward his home 
city. 

Municipal Amusements 

"The chief object of the ancient 
Roman was to amuse himself and the 
city, provided that amusement.. Now 
the modern citizen has not as much 
leisure as the ancient Roman; he has 
a job. And he has a job for eight 
hours, if he belongs to the union; a 
little ionger if he does not; and he has 
eight hours or less to do what he 
pleases, and the tremendous import- 
ance of those other eight hours we 
don't always seem to recognize. 
Those eight hours he may use for 
good or for harm. He may live them 
away in the saloon or he may spend 
them about his home. He may spend 
them with his children in the park, 
or he may spend them in the library, 
making of himself a liberally educated 
citizen, and every eight-hour laborer, 
who is man enough, has time and 
opportunity enough to give himself a 
liberal education if he wants to. 

"Now, the city provides protection 
for the man's home; it provides him 
protection in his 'work. What is -it 
doing for his leisure, and especially 
for the leisure of that large class of 
residents of every city — every other 
city than this — which does not have 
suitable homes; where the separate, 
individual pleasures of the home are 
impossible, — what are cities doing for 
them? 

Los Angeles the City of Homes 

"You are proud of Los Angeles, the 
City of Homes. In other large cities 
most of the population do not live in 
s eparate houses and do not have homes, 
in the American sense, but most of 
you have, and that means in. this city 
you can solve old-fashioned problems 
for a little while in an old-fashioned 
way, but you cannot do it forever, and 
all other large cities can't do it at all. 
If in the homes and the tenement 
houses there is only room enough to 
eat in and sleep in, then all the leisure 
life must be spent somewhere out- 
side of the home and there must be 
amusement provided. That amuse- 
ment must be provided publicly or 
privately, -but experience shows us 
that when it is provided privately il 
is too often provided viciously. (Ap- 
plause). 

Virtues of the Saloon and Dance Hall 

"Why is it that the residents of the 
congested quarters of the cities fight 
for the saloon and dance hall? Is it 
because they are so base and wicked 
they stand for the defence of wicked- 
ness? It is not that at all. It is not 
for the vice of the saloon and dance 
hall, but for the virtue of them. In 
most of these congested districts the 
saloon is the laboring man's only club 
and the dance hall is the laboring 
girl's only social amusement. The 
laboring man has a right to his club 
and the laboring girl has a right to 
her social amusement, and they fight 
for that right in spite of the fact that 
it creates drunkenness and debauch- 
ery. Our cities have got to do some- 
thing more than merely close up sa- 
loons and dance halls. (Applause). 

"People like j-ourselves do not need 
saloons and dance halls. You have 
your homes; but every city containing 
a huge population must have either 
those things or something better. In 
other words, you must provide amuse- 
ment for the people and you must 
provide it outside of the home, be- 
cause the largest and most important 
class of your people have either no 
homes, in the proper sense of the 
word, or the sort of homes that are 
mere eating and sleeping places and 
are not equipped for amusement. 
Moral Epidemics as Bad as Physical 
Epidemics 

"If the city were the source of the 
amusement of the people — if the pleas- 
ure of the people in the eight hours 
of leisure were cared for by cities, 
don't you think those people would 
love the city? Don't you think they 
would stand' for it and fight for it as 
the ancient people fought for it? We 



don't have to do it all at once, but 
sooner or later it must be done to 
prevent the city from moral epidemics, 
which are quite as bad as the physical 
epidemics from which we have pro- 
tected ourselves by compulsory sani- 
tation. We found out when we al- 
lowed poor people to provide private 
sanitation they would start epidemics 
that would spread among the rich, 
and the rich looked out for the sanita- 
tion of the poor. When they come to 
realize that moral epidemics among 
the poor, which come from misdi- 
rected amusement, spread moral epi- 
demics among them, then the rich will 
look out for the amusements of the 
poor also. (Applause). 

Class Opinion Rules 

"Another thing our cities must look 
out for is that they remain demo- 
cratic, and that is the hardest prob- 
lem of all. The population of a city 
is so numerous that each man may 
associate with his own kind, and us- 
ually prefers to do so, and there is 
enough of his own kind to make it un- 
necessary to depend on the other 
kinds for his social acquaintance. In 
■a village everybody is on terms of 
social acquaintance, to a certain ex 
tent, with everybody else. In the city 
one half does not know, and so does 
not care, how the other half lives. 
In a city most people do not asso- 
ciate with other people except people 
just like themselves. A city does not 
develop any public opinion, but a 
multitude of class opinions. T have 
sometimes watched the method. The 
barkeeper is the custodian of olie sort 
of opinion. He is one organ of pub- 
licity because he meets more people 
ev.ery day than most men of his class 
meet. The bartender wants to know 
what public opinion is on a certain 
subject and he inquires of all the other 
bartenders and he jumps at the con- 
clusion that their opinion is the unani- 
mous opinion of the people. It is a 
curious thing, but when a banker 
wants to now public opinion he does 
the same thing and if he wants to 
know he inquires of other bankers and 
is entirely convinced that the whole 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ukcr* 
member the pr. 

public 

- club 

■: i! because 

club are unani- 

rtain privileges which other 

the re- 

Icr of the p an en- 

ild not 

I you do. 
Who Are the People? 
ns tend ' 
sified and each social class 
tends to regard the people. 

unions rule 
San Francisco in the name of the peo 
'We are the people 
ami whatever we say must be done.' 
I have heard it said that the business 
n Los Angeles had the halluci- 

n that the middle class and tin 

business class are the peopie. It 

would he as dangerous for the busi- 

■'i have an 

rule over this city as 

• been demonstrated it was dan- 
gerous in the city of San Francisco to 
have the laboring class have absolute 
class rule over that city. ( f\] plat 
I am glad to see that it is safe to say 
that in Los Angeles. (Applause). I 
have heard persons s ,t V that it is not. 
Hut it is a fundamental and universal 
fact, ami not more true here than else- 
where, that no individual and no class 
can be trusted with unlimited power. 
(Applause). There is. in San Fran- 
cisco, a terrible example of the un- 
limited and unrestricted rule of one 
It has given them vile social 
conditions, vile political conditions; it 
has bred crime and degeneracy and, 
particularly, bad business. It has al- 
most ruined that city. 
People cf Today Must Look Farther 
Ahead 
"I don't suppose that the unre- 
stricted class rule of more intelligent 
classes would spread the same evils, 
or spread any evils so quickly, but 
the hallucination, which is a common 
one in America, that the middle 
class is the only class, is an hallucina- 
tion which we inherited from the 
fathers of this nation. Those fathers 
were very wise in their generation, 
and it was a very wise generation, 
but we would be very foolish to think, 
if standing on their shoulders, we 
could not see any further than they 
did. The fathers of the Constitution, 
when they established a government 
by the people of this country, estab- 
lished a government by the middle 
class, and they took it for a matter of 
course that the middle class was the 
people. The 'upper class,' in the old 
days, comprised kings and the nobility, 
and establishing a government by the 
people was to throw out entirely that 
part of the people. On the other end 
was the laboring class, and the na- 
tion's fathers totally neglected them. 
It never occurred to them that that 
class was included in 'the people,' and 
it happened, of course, under the so- 
cial conditions of early America, that 
nearly all of the people were of the 
middle class, — that class of people 
who were in business themselves or 
desired to get into business for them- 
selves, or were engaged in some busi- 
ness in which that phraseology had 
sonic meaning-. You can attach no 
significance to those words if you are 
in the railroad business, for instance, 
but you can if you are connected with 
the grocery business because one is 
'n business for himself and the -clerk 
who is working there hopes to be in 
business for himself some day. So 
that whole class, ranging from the 
clerk to the eminent lawyer, con- 
stitutes our middle class and it in- 
herits from the fathers of the eigh- 
teenth century the hallucination that 
■it is 'the •people.' All of you, I sup- 
pose, belong to that class. And prob- 
ably you arc 'the people,' but I sus- 



if the 

■If. 

Must Lessen Class Feeling 

"V\ ■ .in- 

to all 
■ that have risen be- 
lli. This class wants 
tmbinatioi 

•:' the country 
or those who are running 
I, are our upper class, and they 
been trying to run the govern- 
ment and we. like our pi 

middle class have luen trying 

total rnment away from that 

In San Francisco our class got 

of the government and 

then the lower class proceeded to 

line with the upper class against 

the middle class in order to take the 

rnment away from them again. 

"You will find there is, if > on draw 
class lines sharp, always a part- 
nership between the upper class and 
the lower class. They like each oili- 
er. If you were ever acquainted with 
any proud millionaire who tried to 
pride himself on the democracy of 
hi- manner, you found that his demo- 
cracy of manner was based entirely 
on his ability to get along with peo- 
ple SO far below him that the chasm 
was perfectly conscious to both of 
them. Something like the baron in 
England who is on terms of personal 
intimacy with his tenants. Like the 
master and slave in the old South, 
those people like each other, and 
neither of them like you. They don't 
like your sort of people and you don't 
like them. But between them they 
have the power and the brains and 
the money and the organized re- 
sources on one side, and the numbers 
and the class loyalty and organized 
force on .the other side; and they are 
very powerful between them and you 
can't depose them simply by trying 
to set up against that sort of class 
government another sort of class 
-government. If there is a class com- 
bination that combination is strong- 
er than you are. 

Change Class Loyalty to City 
Loyalty 

"The only way out is to establish 
some sort of democracy whereby the 
upper class, as I have called it, can 
be deposed by putting those big 
industries into public control — and 
eventually we will have to do that. 
(Applause.) We will have to do that 
first in the cities. We will have to 
establish such a sentiment on the part 
of the people — the working people 
and business people like ourselves — 
that they will both have sentiment and 
loyalty toward the city. (Applause.) 
Working Class Does Not Want What 
the Middle Class Wants 

"You must remember that the peo- 
ple of the working class — I am per- 
mitted to say 'working class' because 
they use it — do not want what you de- 
sire. What you want is individual 
right; the right to do as you please. 
They don't want that. It has to be 
forced on them and then they object 
to it. What they want is the right to 
act together, and sooner or later they 
will get it. And they can have it 
in safety, provided- you too will learn 
to get together, not in hostility, but 
in co-operation. The upper class does 
not like individualism; it does not 
want competition in business. The 
working class is not an individualistic 
one. You do like individualism and 
you like each one to run his own 
business in his own way. Now, you 
cannot teach your ideas to the other 
classes; they won't learn it. In my 
mind you will have to learn the other 
way yourself. You will have to learn 
to organize and to deal with the 
other classes with no control by any 
one class but with a loyalty on the 
part of all to the commonwealth of 
which we are citizens. 
Los Angeles the Suburb of the World 

"I know the situation in Los An 
geles is such that you will not have 
to come to a solution of that as quick- 



i- a city in which you hat 

from power ami 
up to tin present time the othei 

i political power Tin- 
unique in it> character. it i- 
which has an enormous dispropoi 

and which, on account of its 
peculiar situ he suburb of tin- 

world. ( Laughter.) ik of 

i San 

Francisco, but a large pari ol tin 

who work in San l-'r.nio.r.i 

in Berkeley— a beautiful I own 

h i- all the virtues you have. San 

Francisco can develop virtu. 

by this same principle of -, rregating 

one class of people into our place ami 

another into another place, 
nature has none that for you. You 
are a -elf-contained city in your in- 
dustries, and to whatever extent VOU 
are, as 1 have called it, the suburb of 

the world, to thai extent you have a 

suburban advantage like the city of 
Berkelej has and the solution of the 
old-fashioned problems is further 
away for you than any other city in 
the world. But that won't last for- 
ever. You will have to have some 
solution, as elsewhere, and that solu- 
tion won't be in the old-fashioned no- 
tion that your class is the only class 
and that government by the people 
and economic control of the people 
means government and control by 
your class." 



Improve the State 
Governments 



There is much talk these days 
about a strong centralized govern- 
ment, much insistence on concentrat- 
ing legislative and executive power at 
Washington. On the other hand, 
earnest protest that already we have 
gone too far in that direction and 
that we must quit trying to impose 
all our burdens on the federal gov- 
ernment, is heard. 

The states' rights argument comes 
largely from interests suspected to 
be opposed to conservation of our 
remaining resources in behalf of the 
whole people. It is inspired by the 
belief that if these resources are 
turned over to the states they can be 
gotten avcay from the states with les-s 
trouble than from our national gov- 
ernment. 

If we may be allowed to rise in our 
pew long enough to give utterance 
to a few observations, we would cau- 
tion our conservation friends against 
rushing headlong in opposition to 
states' rights. 

As a matter of fact, it all comes 
down to the question of whether by 
giving the state governments more 
power and responsibilities they can 
be saved and made useful or whether 
by taking away their powers and re- 
sponsibilities they shall be allowed 
to fall into complete atrophy. 

Our state governments have broken 
down. They r never were any too 
sturdy, and the strain to which they 
have been subjected by exploiters of 
public-service franchises has been too 
much for them. For thirty years the 
grabbing of railroad, street railway, 
gas, electric, water, and other fran- 
chises has been so profitable a busi- 
ness that strong men have seized up- 
on the state governments in order to 
control those privileges. The re- 
sult is that no state in the union has a 
business machine that compares for 
efficiency with almost any large com- 
mercial corporation within its bor- 
ders. The' same situation prevails in 
the large cities. 

Beyond question the federal gov- 
ernment does some things more ef- 



, ly til. in l 

crnments. That is the prir 
men! in favor of till 

federal p. 

nowl- 

: li.it our -i 
ments have failed. Lei us ac- 
knowledge thai 
cause tin- franc] 

rupted them. If we will , 
much we will 

i state and 
crnment. We will need mcrcK I 

-, i i 
mptations w hich are in. 
in tin >i publii 

Hi,- cil ies take ovei I rieii I n el 
i tilwaj -. gas, electi ic, and othi r pub 

lie utilities. Let the states taki 
■those function- and facilities which 
operate throughoul the state at large. 
Let the federal government taki 
the railway-, telegraph ami telep 
ami establish a parcels posl thai '.'. ill 
I'll t the express companies onl , 
business. 

This is tile way to take Big Busi- 
ness out of politics, and it is Big 
Business in politics that breeds cor- 
ruption and inefficiency. We cannot 
reform the state governments without 
first improving city governments, be- 
cause the cities arc responsible for 
much of the corruption, and most of 
the incentive to corruption, in the 
states. Therefore we must bring 
about better city government, and the 
way -to it has been pointed, in the ex- 
perience of cities with the Des 
Moines plan of government by com- 
mission directly responsible to the 
people through its provisions for the 
initiative, referendum, protest and re- 
call. 

With good city government thus 
established, reform of the state gov- 
ernments will be much easier. Leg- 
islatures should be composed of few- 
er members. For the same reason 
that a city .council of five is more ef- 
ficient than one of twenty-five, so a 
state legislature of fifty members 
would be more efficient than one of 
two hundred members. For the same 
reason that city councils are more 
likely to remain honest when the 
people have those powers of ultimate 
control which the initiative, referen- 
dum, protest, and recall give them, so 
state legislatures would similarly be 
more trustworthy and reliable if back 
of their powers stood the people, 
armed with the ballot and the privi- 
lege of exercising it through the ref- 
erendum. 

The commission plan of govern- 
ment has opened the way to munici- 
pal efficiency and honesty. Adapted 
as we"*have suggested to state pur- 
poses, it would do as much for the 
state government. It is doing it to- 
day in Oregon. In fifteen years it 
ought to be doing it in every state. 

Thus relieved of burdens which 
ought not to be imposed upon it, the 
federal government in its turn could 
be restricted to a narrower sphere 
of truly national activities, and by ap- 
plication of the same principles could 
be made more efficient. An honest 
tariff system administered by a great 
tariff commission, and government 
ownership of the railways, the tele- 
graph, and the express and mail fa- 
cilities, would relieve the federal gov- 
ernment in turn of those temptations 
which constantly invite Big Business 
into the effort to control the federal 
government. 

There is plenty of work for all of 
our governments — city, state, and na- 
tional. Let us make each of them 
efficient first; then there will be time 
to discuss the necessity and desirabil- 
ity of a "strong, centralized govern- 
ment" which might prove an easy and 
convenient vehicle for a dictatorship. 
Hampton's 



"You say the elopement was sort of 
forced upon you?" "Y'es; after she 
came down the rope ladder her .lad 
pulled it up." — Louisville Courier- 
Journal. 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Where Senator Works Stands 



Senator-Elect Defines His Attitude 
On Questions of the Day 



Following is the address delivered 
by Senator John D. Works to the 
Legislature, immediately following 
his election on Tuesday last: 

"Members of the legislature of the 
state of California: 

"1 thank you sincerely for the 
honor you have done me in electing 
me United States senator. 

"I am glad to be able to say to 
you and to the people of California 
that I aocept the office absolutely 
free and independent. Free to do my 
duty; independent of any domina- 
tion, control or influence of any man, 
corporation or private interest of any 
kind. 

"In a broader sense, I am not in- 
dependent. I hope I appreciate the 
!^rave responsibilities you have im- 
posed upon me by electing me to this 
great office. In meeting those re- 
sponsibilities, I need the help, ad- 
vice and support of all good citizens 
who have the welfare of the state 
and nation at heart. 

"I have lived in the southern part 
of the state for nearly 28 years. I 
think I know its conditions and needs 
fairly well. But the North is en- 
titled to my services in its behalf, as 
senator, equally, and as fully as is 
the South, and I shall endeavor to 
inform myself of its needs so that I 
may the better serve the whole state 
without discrimination or favor. 

"I desire particularly to express my 
thanks to the Democratic members 
of this body who have given me their 
■support. It is a hopeful and en- 
couraging sign of the times, an evi- 
dence of the fact that good men m 
office are no longer ruled by blind 



country irrespective of their political 
ties or affiliations. 

"I desire in this presence to de- 
clare my adherence to those princi- 
ples and my determination to labor, 
as a public official, to establish and 
maintain them. They are set forth 
in the state platform of both of the 
leading parties of California. There- 
fore, they are not partisan in their 
nature. 
"Among these may be mentioned: 
"The election of United States sen- 
ators by direct vote of the people; 
the conservation of our natural re- 
sources; the elimination of boss rule, 
dictation or influence from our poli- 
tics, and the removal of all privati 



"I am very much gratified 
that the legislature has seen fit 
to send a progressive to the 
United States Senate, and in 
the progressive they selected I 
have the fullest confidence. 

"One feature of the election 
was the attitude of many Demo- 
crats in the assembly and 
senate. Those Democrats evi- 
dently when they had deter- 
mined upon a course they be- 
lieved right, disregarded their 
partisanship. 

"To me this is the essence of 
patriotism, and I congratulate 
the Democrats who took this 
position. I trust our party will 
always be sufficiently broad to 
do likewise." 

Governor Johnson. 



"A progressive legislature, 
representing a progressive peo- 
ple, have triumphantly elected 
a progressive senator to sup- 
port progressive legislation and 
progressive senators at Wash- 
ington. Undue influence was 
not used to elect Senator 
Works." 

Meyer Lissner. 



privilege seeking interests from pub- 
lic office and the restoration of our 
government, state and national, to 
the people; a protective tariff meas- 
ured by the difference between the 
cost of manufacture or production 
here and abroad, and the establish- 
ment of a permanent nonpartisan 
commission to adjust such rates; the 



establishment and maintenance of a 
government owned or controlled line 
of steamers, connecting the Pacific 
ports with the Panama railroad, and 
a government owned or controlled 
line of steamers between Pacific and 
Atlantic ports through the Panama 
canal, when completed; direct legisla- 
tion, including the initiative, referen- 
dum and recall, and the granting of 
the right of suffrage to women. 
To accomplish these reforms and es- 
tablish our government as a govern- 
ment of the people, we must maintain 
the freedom and independence^ of the 
individual voter, and make his vote 
his own, exclude from public office 
any and every man that owes or ac- 
knowledges allegiance to the South- 
ern Pacific Railroad company or any 
other corporation or private interests, 
adverse to the interests of the state 
or nation. 

"One of the greatest and most im- 
portant perils to this country is the 
power of the corporations, the trusts, 
the private interests, in our politics 
and public offices, seeking special 
privileges and obtaining and holding 
them by corrupt and illegal means. 
The governor of this state has de- 
clared his intention of casting out all 
of these interests and influences from 
offices of this state. He means to do 
just what he says he will do. In 
this laudable and patriotic purpose 
he should have the earnest support 
of every good citizen of this state 
without regard to his political affilia- 
tions or beliefs. 

"Precisely the same thing should 
be done with respact to the federal 
offices in this state. They are in- 
fested and corrupted by the servants 
of the interests. They come and go 
at the beck and call of their masters 
without regard to the interests of 
the people. 

"For one, it is my purpose to aid 
Governor Johnson in his efforts to re- 



deem this great state of ours from 
corrupt politics and to make merit 
and competency alone the basis of 
appointments to office; and I will do 
everything in my power to establish 
this same 'Standard that he has 
raised, in the making of federal ap- i 
pointments, and to root out of the 
public service men who have secured 
their places as a reward for helping 
to degrade and pollute the politics 
of the state. 

"I am a progressive republican. I 
believe in the principles that the in- 
surgents in congresj are struggling 
to maintain in the interests of the 



"The election of Judge Works 
was the ratification by the legis- 
lature of the expressed will of 
the people of California and the 
realization of the hopes of the 
progressive element of both 
parties. It was the culmination 
of forty-four years of effort by 
the people to free themselves 
from the control of the political 
machine dominated and financed 
by the Southern Pacific rail- 
road." . Chester H. Rowell. • 



people. It is my purpose to stand 
for progressive principles in legisla- 
tion, no matter what may be its or- 
igin, and without partisan bias. The 
people are crying out for justice and 
not for partisanship; for establish- 
ment of the rights of the people and 
not for the preservation or perpetua- 
tion of political parties. The party 
that fails to respond to this cry will 
be swept out of existence. I shall 
enter upon my duties as your senator 
with a full understanding of this 
sentiment of the people of this state, 
and the nation, and act accordingly." 



181ST MONTHLY REPORT, JANUARY 1, 1911 

LOS ANGELES INVESTMENT CO. 

333-335-337 SOUTH HILL STREET 



Founded in 1866 



Established in Los Angeles 1895 
Incorporated under the Laws of California, May 29, 1899 



partisanship, but are seeking to serve 
the interests of the people through 
the best medium that is available at 
the time. I am not going to the 
United States senate to serve the Re- 
publican party alone, but to serve the 
whole people of the state and na- 
tion. 

"I believe in political parties, but 
only as instruments to carry out the 
will of the people. When a party 
ceases to serve this purpose, it be- 
comes a menace to the public welfare 
and a danger to our free institutions. 

"This is not the time or place to 
discuss political questions and I am 
not going to detain you for any such 
purpose. But there are certain im- 
portant, fundamental principles of 
government, principles that affect 
every man, woman and child in this 



RESOURCES: 

Balance due on houses being sold on 
monthly installments, mortgages, se- 
cured loans and houses under con- 
struction $2,784,129.27 

Building Material Co. stock, including 
two iumber yards, lumber and plan- 
ing mills, warehouses, shops, factor- 
ies, wagons, etc 164,740.00 

Stock in "Home Makers" 39,925.50 

Stock in Globe Savings Bank at par 
(market value $95,000.00) 63,300.00 

Stock in City & County Bank 12,500.00 

Real Estate (market value $2,209,- 
365.00) 1,888,350.41 

Fixtures 5,532.82 

Cash on hand 229,519.73 



NET ASSETS: 

Capital Stock paid in cash $1,995,260.00 
Reserve 2,930,494.52 



$4,925,754.52 



LIABILITIES: 

Dividends payable (un-. 

called for) $ 4,082.78 

Home Certificates, Gold 

Notes and Mortgages on 

property purchased (not 

a legal liability) 258,160.43 



No unpaid bills. 



$5,187,997.73 



$ 263,243.21 
$5,187,997.73 



THE LAST ANNUAL REPORT SHOWED THE PRINCIPAL PROFITS FOR THE YEAR TO BE: 

REAL ESTATE $261,319.69 

INTEREST 180,000.00 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 10,191.89 

There were also miscellaneous profits from architectural, legal, insurance and rental departments. Quarterly 
cash dividends were divided among the stockholders amounting to $355,640.52. 

NO INVESTOR IN THIS COMPANY HAS EVER FATLED TO RECEIVE ALL HIS MONEY ON 

DEMAND 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 




A Charming "Polly" 

it- appeal 
pretty and 
From the literary 
an ordinary play with a 
mven- 
rittcn in to an unusual sct- 
■verful, nor 
r fine lines or bril- 
■ituations; but it is 
heartfelt and full of the 
ur »l tlic beloved American 
■ i which atmosphere is strikingly 
well rendered I, so "Polly" 
mightily. 

well may the individual Poll) 
the part in the road 



mng and truly ' 
ipiritcd village minisl 
rly kindness to the little circus 
ri.Kr at the time of her accident 
in time, to their mutual 1 
has -not the ease, tli 
ttractiveness to make the part 
alive. 

Two players who arc perfectly 
fitted, physically, to their pan 
Mart E. Heisey. as Big Jim, [hi 
vas man. and Charles Warren 
Barker, a circus proprietor. I 
acting is very i too. J. D 

Walsh cter in 

the pathetic part of the clown, Uncle 
Toby, who has Keen as a father to 
Polly. Anne Mortimer in the role of 




Jefferson de Angelis, in "The Beauty Spot," Majestic next week. 



pany which has been at the Mason 
this week, delight the heart of man, 
woman or child. This Ida St. Leon 
i i winsome, lovable bit of a crea- 
ture (in the role of Polly — outside of 
that we know not her attributes), and 
the naive ways and lively abandon of 
tin: child, combined with the talent of 
a mature actress of considerable per- 
ception, which characterize her por- 
trayal of the unsophisticated little 
circus rider, give to her performance 
a charm not easily set down in words. 
Added to this pretty blonde Polly's 
native magnetism is her apparent "at 
homeness" in circus scenes — an ac- 
quaintance acquired by actual experi- 
ence on the sawdust, preceded by an- 
cestral experiences of the same kind 
down a line of circus-playing fore- 
hears. Actually, we have only the 
lire-- agent-historian's word lor the 
pedigree, but certainly one may ob- 
serve for himself that Ida St. Leon 
tits the eircusy passages by training. 
even as she fits the finer emotional 
moments by innate artistry. 

The play is generally well presented 
by this season's company, although 
Willard Robertson gives a rather 

amateurish impression of Rev. John 



the colored housekeeper, Mandy 
Jones, enlivens the proceedings with 
well directed humorous efforts. 

Certainly the last act of "Polly _ of 
the Circus" — the first scene disclosing 
the "doings" in the wings, and the 
second showing the circus in full 
blast, with performing ponies, real 
bareback riders on beautiful real 
horses, acrobats, jugglers, clowns. 
whipcracking ringmaster, blaring band 
— is unique and startling. "Polly" 
is a spectacle well worth seeing; and 
this time the production is given a 
very decided charm by the presence 
of so prettily adjusted a centerpiece 
as Miss St. Leon. 

Lanier Bartlett. 



A Gentleman from Mississippi 
Apparently we American theatre- 
goers have always with us that Missis- 
sippi gentleman about whom Harri- 
son Rhodes and Tbos. A. Wise first 
wrote three years ago, he who was 
originally visualized by Tom Wise, 
-een at the Mason last winter in the 
on of James Laekaye, and who 
returns to the Majestic this week 
represented equally well by Robert A. 
Fischer. 



lly long- 

1 the always inter 

i an 

South 

' with the web 

ii and a pretty bj play of dis- 
tinct!) modern sentiment. 'Tin 
vivid character-drawing, loo, in the 
char. i. nator Langdon, huge. 

guileless, primitively unsuspicious and 
lovable, and in the intensely 
contrasted role of "Bud" 1 lam, 
snappy, worldly-wise young reporter 
innate kindness, (abetted by an 
interest in Mi-- Langdon), impels 
him to i hi 1 hi- shoulder to 

ue the S 
from the schemes of hi- enc 

i i oles well plaj ed 
and one e in forgii e -Inn tcomings in 
the others — and one has i i forgive in 
esenl company. John \. Dul- 
ler ,i- "Bud" Haines and Fischer as 
i lie Senatoi are a ■ bu -\ as cranberry 
merchants keeping things moving and 
drawing the attention of the audience 
away From the barnstormers who 
complete (?) the cast. It should be 
conceded thai Mis- Ruby Hoffman 



and Miss Leah irially 

irreproachable, and their external 

biding the surroundii 

Doroth] Russell l i 

Orpheum 
Tin- Orpheum bill this week fell 
somewhat below the high standard 
set by the performance of tin 
week- previous, but 1 

i considerable enjoyment, 
il en/, held over from last 
lied io till a large place in the 
of the audience, and 
Scheda's second 
fill a- the lir-t. 

1 larlan I'"., Knight .\ Co i I . 

ketch by I na l layti n, « het i in 
two old enemies ar. 
friends through the medium of a 
young and attractive girl. 

\ reallj amusing turn is the "fool 
ery and fun" which goes under the 
flame of "The Substitute" and is pre- 
sented by Hilda Thomas and Lou 
Hall, 

Mr. llymack left the audience com- 
pletely baffled as to the method of his 
quick changes in spite of the fact 
that his "chameleon" variations were 
accomplished before their eyes. 



J_JAMBURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 

Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco, Mgr. Near Ninth 
Beginning Sunday Night, January IS 
l Raj Comstock Presents JEFFERSON DK ANGELIS 
In DeKoven and Herbert's Great- """fL D f C i." 

est Comic Opera Success 1 fie Deailty OpOt 

An April Array of Girls and Music. 
Nights and Saturday Matinee 50c to $1.50. Wed. Matinee Entire Lower 
Floor at $1 per seat. Coming — James T. Powers "IN HAVANA.'' 



Main Street 
Near Sixth 



jyjOROSCO'S BURBANK THEATER 

Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company 

Beginning Sunday Matinee January 15 
First time on any stage of LEE "T 1 !— JET 1hO"V" 

ARTHUR'S delightful comedy drama * OH Tw/S. 

First Appearance at the Burbank of FRANK CAMP. 
Prices the same for this metropolitan production as usual. 

Nights— 25, SO, 75c. Matinees, Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays— 10, 25, 50c. 



flRPHFIIM THFATRF VAUDEVILLE Spring St., Bet. 2d & 3d M.t. Every Da, 1 
UnrnLUIVI inXHinL 1447 Mat.. 10c, 25c, SOc. Ni»ht, 10c, 2Sc, SOe, 75c 

New Bill Beginning Monday Matinee January 23 
"The Bathing Girls" Mr. Hymack 



Jos. Hart's Latest Revue. 
Cross & Josephine 
"Dying to Act." 
Joe Jackson 

The European Vagabond. 
Hilda Thomas 
With Lou Hall in "The Suhsti 

tute." Next Week ORPHEUM ROAD SHOW 

Orpheum Motion Pictures 



The Chamelon Comedian. 
Harlan E. Knight & Co. 

"The Chalk Line." 
Four Famous Vanis 

Tight Wire Experts. 
Monkey Music Hall 

Maud Rochez' Simians. 

Next Week 



IIMPSON AUDITORIUM 



L. E. DEHYMER 
Manager 

Tuesday Evening, January 17 — One Night Only 



Mme. Gerville Reache 

The World's Greatest Prima Donna Contralto 

IN A SPECIAL GRAND OPERA PROGRAM 
Prices— 75c, $1.00. $1.50. $2.00 and $2.50. Seat Sale Now on at Bartlett'! 



jyjASON OPERA HOUSE 



W. T. WYATT 
Manager 

All Next Week, Matinee Saturday, Special Matinee Wednesday, With 
Special Prices SOc to $1.50. Charles Frohman Presents the Big Inter- 
national Musical Production 

"THE DOLLAR PRINCESS" 

Splendid Company of 75. Augmented Orchestra. Regular Prices 50c 
to $2.00. Seats Now on Sale. 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The four Vanis give a tight wire 
act which is as good as has been 
shown here. 

Marvelous Griffith continues ^ his 
marvelousness, and the Quigley 
Brothers continue their warmed-over 
jokes. 

COMING ATTRACTIONS 

"The Fox," Lee Arthur's new com- 
edy drama, will be given its first per- 
formance on any stage at the Bur- 
bank at the matinee Sunday. The 
production is the same which Man- 
ager Morosco will take east in a few 
months to fill contracts for engage- 
ments in New York and Chicago. 
"The Fox" is a drama of today, but it 
is not a problem play, not a muck- 



crook (Frank Camp), and two ser- 
vants (Frederick Gilbert and Willis 
Marks). These characters are all 
original, even the servants having a 
great deal to do with the action of 
the play. The dialogue is said to be 
brisk and interesting, and the situa- 
tions novel. The story is so delight- 
ful that to give any hint of the plot 
would be to detract materially from 
the enjoyment. The settings have 
been arranged regardless of expense. 
A special feature will be the music 
between the acts, by an augmented 
orchestra under the direction of Harry 
Girard. Mr. Girard has writen a spe- 
cial descriptive overtue, "The Fox 
Hunt," for this play. 



The musical comedy success, "The 




"A Night in a Monkey Music Hall" Oroheum Next Week 



rake drama, it does not pretend to 
expose personal or social wrong- 
doing, nor does it preach or prosely- 
tize. It is designed simply to enter- 
tain, and is free from anything that 
would offend the most fastidious. The 
scenes take place at the home of a 
multi-millionaire money king, Roger 
Delaney (David M. Hartford), who is 
a type of the self confident, strong, 
self-made man of affairs. One of the 
leading characters is his father (A. 
Byron Beasley), a refined, well edu- 
cated old gentleman, who is not Very 
welcome at his son's home, as he does 
not harmonize with the younger man's 
ideas of life. The millionaire's daugh- 
ter (Marjorie Rambeau) is a typical 
American girl, and her mother (Louise 
Royce) is also typical of the Ameri- 
can woman at home. Among the 
other characters are a brilliant young 
lawyer (David Landau), a dissipated 
youth (Charles Ruggles), a veteran 
detective (Peter Lang), an old time 



Dollar Princess," comes to the Mason 
Opera House next Monday evening 
for a week's run, after fourteen 
months in New York. 

The story, written by the Viennese 
librettists, Willner and Grunbaum, is 
an interesting one. Its music is by 
Leo Fall. It is said to be clean and 
fresh, with no vulgarity that mars so 
many musical comedies. 

"The Dollar Princess" deals with 
the affairs of the eccentric John 
Cowder, president of the American 
Coal Trust. He has a theory that 
money-hunting foreign noblemen 
should be taught to work and there- 
fore engages poor but titled people for 
his servants, paying them fabulous 
salaries. His butler is a baron and 
his head groom a French marquis. 
Cowder is a widower and his brother 
and nephew palm off Olga Tartaroff, 
a lady lion tamer, on the old man. 
The Coal King believes she is a 
Russian countess and announces his 



engagement to her. Alice, his daugh- 
ter, is furious but she is in love with 
Freddy Smythe, a young Englishman 
whom she employs as her secretary, 
and her ingenuity in gaining her 
father's consent to her marriage with 
Freddy Smythe and exposing the 
shameless Olga makes an amusing 
plot. 



Leading the bill at the Orpheum 
next week comes a big girl act, "The 
Bathing Girls," which Jos. Hart sends 
out with Glenwood Hall as its only 
man, and Albertine Benson as its 
star. This bunch of girls is com- 
posed of pretty femininity, and all its 
members sing and dance. There art 
a number of scenic productions in- 
volved in the show, to each of which 
is appended appropriate songs. Twen- 
ty people are required to present this 
act, the majority of whom appear 
upon the stage and play parts. The 
act is in six scenes, they being "A 
View of Madison Square," the "Jardin 
de Paris," "An Artist's Studio in 
Paris," "The Poster Girls," "The 
Beach at Long Branch" and "In the 
Surf." In addition to the six scenes, 
there are six changes of costumes and 
six descriptive musical numbers. The 
songs in "The Bathing Girls" number 
many of the popular hits on Broad- 
way, New York. 

Wellington Cross and Lois Jose- 
phine bring a bit of travesty, in 
"Dying to Act." It is a burlesque ot 
the serious melodrama, full of the in- 
consistencies that make melodrama 
absurd, and worked up to a point 
where it becomes downright hilarity. 

Jos. Jackson, "the European Vaga- 
bond," has something new to offer in 
a cycling stunt. This may sound ab- 
surd and impossible, but he claims to 
be absolutely able to deliver the 
goods. Of course, he burlesques all 
through his work, but, like his pre- 
decessors, it is excellent fun and that 
is the answer. 

The "Night in a Monkey Music 
Hall," which Maud Rochez presented 
with the Road Show a year ago, is 
the fourth new number this week. 
Those highly trained simians who 
give the whole stunt are a series of 
world beaters and the things they do 
are marvels. 

. Hymack, "the chameleon comedian," 
who has them all guessing, Hilda 
Thomas and Lou Hall in "The Sub- 
stitute," Vanis on the tight wire and 
Harlan E. Knight & Co., in "The 
Chalk Line" remain. 

The Orpheum Road Show, Martin 
Beck's selection of six acts, comes 
Monday, Jan. 23, for its annual visit. 
Alice Lloyd joins it here. 



"The Beauty Spot," a new musical 
play by Reginald DeKoven and Jo- 
seph Herbert, produced under the 
management of F. Ray Comstock, 
will be the attraction at the Majestic 
for a week beginning Sunday night. 

This new musical play brings Jef- 
ferson De Angelis once more before 
the public as a star. 

Mr. DeKoven has, it is said, sur- 
passed himself in the music he has 
written for "The Beauty Spot?" Mr. 
Joseph Herbert has provided Mr. De 
Angelis with some clever songs, 
among which are, "A Garden of 
Girls," "The Cintematograph Man," 
"Foolish Questions," and "The Boule- 
vard Glide," all of which give him an 
abundant opportunity for that class 
of comedy of which he is the ex- 
ponent. 

_^ Chief in his support is George Mac- 
Farlane, with a baritone voice of full 
range. Mr. MacFarlane plays the 
part of the artist lover, but to hear 
him sing "Creole Days," will make al- 
most anyone forget all but that song. 

Viola Gillette is seen as the Gen- 
eral's wife, whose picture gives the 
name to the piece. 



Nigger." The author undertook a 
tremendous task when he sought to 
present his theory of the race prob- 
lem in dramatic form, he draws pic- 
tures that are literal, pictures that 
shock at times, and this is the real 
justification for his undertaking. The 
problem that now absorbs the South 
is not one to be discussed by the 
dillettante, not one to be played 
with. 



Jesters' Bells 



The Cannibal King — See here, what 
was that dish you served up to me 
at lunch? The Cook — Stewed cyclist, 
your majesty. Cannibal King — It 
"tasted very burnt. Cook — Well, he 
was scorching when we caught him, 
your majesty. — Sketch. 



She — Yes, we are all quite desper- 
ately in love with the new curate. 
He — Ah, it was just the dread of that 
sort of thing in my own case that 
prevented me going in for the church! 
— rLondon Opinion. 



A gentleman formerly attached to 
the American Embassy at London 
tells how an old country sexton in a 
certain English town, in showing vis- 
itors around the church yard, used to 
stop at one tombstone and say: 

"This 'ere is the tomb of 'Enry 
'Oooer an' 'is eleven woives." 

"Eleven!" exclaimed a tourist, on 
one occasion. "Dear me! That's 
rather a lot, isn't it?" 

Whereupon the sexton, looking 
gravely at his questioner, replied: 

"Well, mum, yer see, it war an 
'obby of 's'n." — Harper's. 



A distinguished society leader oi 
New York, lately returned from a 
motor trip through France, said that 
her most delightful experience was 
hearing the French pheasants singing 
the mayonnaise. — Everybody's. 



In a certain small English village 
there were itwo butchers living in the. 
same street. One placarded his saus- 
age at one shilling a pound, and the 
rival promptly placed eight-pence on 
his card. No. 1 then placed a notice 
in his window saying that sausage, 
under one shilling could not be guar- 
anteed. No. 2's response to this was 
the announcement: "I have supplied 
sausages to the. king." In the oppo- 
site window the following morning 
appeared an extra large, card, bearing 
the words: "God save the king!" — 
Ladies' Home Journal. 



"Oh, my!" exclaimed the excited 
woman who had mislaid her hus- 
band. "I'm looking for a small man 
with one eye." "Well, ma'am," re- 
plied the polite shopwalker, "if he's 
a very small man, maybe you'd bet- 
ter use both eyes." — Tit-Bits. 



"Then you think you won no per- 
manent place in her heart?" "I'm 
just a notch on 'her parasol handle; 
that's all." — Louisville Courier- Jlour- 
nal. 



"Now, children, what is this?" ask- 
ed the teacher, holding up the picture 
of a zebra. "It looks to .me like a 
horse in a bathing suit." answered a 
little boy. — Our Dumb Animals. 



The next offering at the Auditorium 
will be the coming on Monday, Jan. 
30th, of Edward Sheldon's play of 
the South's great problem, "The 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, 
Science. Studios and Halls for all 
purposes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information apply to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway, 232 S. Hill St. los Angeles, Cat. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 




W/si^ 




[ten made upon 
i which this or that 

in the 
-trument, in fact such 
te with re- 
nt never could this timc- 
pplicd 
wonderfully effortless ex 
J ir,.-la\ Kocian 

! technical and tonal 

tion — the ear is charmed by 

flawlessly pro 

duce I ■ li delicate ph 

Mich scintillating id trills, as 

■tie with delight. In the lower 

Kocian 

_;n;y. His intcrpreta- 

in a hair's breadth to 

■notional side; neither do they 




Mme. Gerville-Reache, Contralto, 
Simpson Auditorium, Jan. 17. 

show much virility of style, but are 
best characterized as scholarly. His 
program numbers last Thursday even- 
ing were a G minor concerto by 
D'Ambrosio, the Bach Chaconne, Pa- 
ganini's "I Palpiti," and three short 
numbers, "Cavatine," Cuir; "Moto 
Perpetuo," Ries, and a Humoresque 
by Kocian himself which met with an 
enthusiastic reception. In fact, the 
audience greeted enthusiastically all 
oi this great violinist's offerings. Ko- 
cian was himself the calmest person 
in the auditorium. 

A pleasure, more welcome because 
sonuwhat unexpected, was the highly 
excellent solo work of Maurice Eis- 
ner, Mr. Kocian's accompanist. Mr. 
Eisner showed a thorough grasp of 
his subject matter, and gave an in- 
dividual and authoritative rendering 
of his solo numbers, the Bach "Bou- 
ree" being especially delightful. 

Herr Ignaz Haroldi, who has been 
absent from the city for some months 
on an extensive concert tour in the 
North and East, has returned to Los 
Angeles and has already resumed hi- 
classes 

M. R. T. 



Kocian's return engagement the 
evening of January 10 included not 
only the return of Eisner, whose 
finished work as accompanist and 
pianist made such a happy impres- 
sion last week, but also the appear- 



ance of Rudolf Kriml. com; 
pianist, who is both compatriot and 
friend of the Bohemian violinist, and 

who, while making Log Vngeles his 
home, is heard all too seldom by lo- 
cal audiences. This trio of arti-t- 
furnished an evening of pleasure to 

an audience smaller than that at- 
tracted by the first Kocian recital, 
but one equally enthusiastic, whose 
al appreciation received recog- 
nition in generous addition to the 
programmed numbers. 

This program mighl be character- 
ized, not inaptly perhaps, as "a 
Bohemian Rhapsody," if one m.i. 
r "« the title of a Friml composition, 
lor among the composers represented 
were Kocian, Kriml and Sevik, with 
Wieniawski and Chopin as near 
neighbors, all writers whose music 
i- foreign to Anglo Saxon and Latin 
thought, however much we may ap- 
preciate its beauties. Kocian with 
Friml, at the piano interpreted these 
harmonies "in the vernacular"— 
giving them with a fervor and 
innate understanding that was a 
revelation. 

■Grieg's concerto, in C minor served 
to introduce these virtuosos, but their 
conception of the Scandinavian music 
while brilliant, lacked the sympathe- 
tic mi 'erstanding which they brought 
to the melodies of their home land, 
and was the least satisfactory of the 
evening's offerings. Eisner ap- 

peared but once, accompanying 
Kocian in the violinist's own com- 
position, "Hymne au Printemps", 
Friml's "By-gone Days," and Sevik's 
exceedingly interesting "Holka mod- 
rooka." Unaccompanied violin num 
hers were two chara:teristic Bach 
compositions, "Andante" and "Alle- 
gro assai," and Wieniawski's "Faust 
Fantasie." The Eriml piano offer- 
ings were Chopin's "Etude in C sharp 
minor" and "Ballade A flat major," 
with his own improvisation, "Bohe- 
mian Rhapsody. 

Mr. Friml, up to the time of his 
departure for New York a year and 
a half ago, showed himself a bril- 
liant pianist whose fine technique was 
characterized by an irrepressible ex- 
uberance of spirit, marred at times 
by more than a tendency toward the 
erratic and bizarre. These faults of 
youtih have given iplace to a ma- 
turity of purpose that is as marked 
as it is delightful, and a style that is 
dignified, viril and full of promise. 

Kocian's position among masters 
of the violin seems assured. He 
possesses remarkable poise and tech- 
nique, and is evidently a serious stu- 
dent. His right to a place among 
composers is instanced by his 
"Humoresque," given as a program 
number at his first recital, and as an 
encore Tuesday evening. 

M. N. F. B. 



At last we have had the pleasure of 
hearing the new prima donna contral 
to; Mme. Gerville-Reache and her 
work at the symphony concert last 
Friday, fully justified the praise be- 
stowed upon her by the Eastern 
press. Mme. Gerville-Reache has 
been successively the prima donna 
contralto of the Opera Comique, 
Paris, the Monnaie Theatre, Brus- 
sels, and at the Convent Garden in 
London, until she came to this coun- 
try under contract with Oscar Ham- 
merstein of the Manhattan Opera 
Company, where she scored a triumph 
with her audiences. This season sht 
is the foremost contralto of the Met- 
ropolitan and on her first recital tour 
throughout the West. 



Mme Gerville-Reache and her com- 

igram 
itorinm nexl Tu 

1. a. mnod 
b. "Moii Coeur s'ouvre a ta 
votx" t-aill-on et DeliU 
Saint - 

J. a. Ich Grollc Nicht ...Schumann 

b. Der Erlkonig S :hubcrt 

■V .i ledicated to Mine. 
( Jen ille-Reache) i 

b \im de '■> ' 

la) I'm 

Stride la Vampa" ill 
Trovatore) Verdi 



'Vint.,- .... 

Mend 

"In \ bat" Buck 

I Introducing. i ■ iu'11 Re- 

member Me," 

in t! of the Deep," 

Km. 

"Ton " Trotere 

"King i llaf's Christmas" Buck 

ithian Folk Song" 

Patty Stair 

"Spring Night" 

impamed by Krauss String 
Quintetti I 

Soloists and special part- hat 




Fred Lennox and Barbara Babington, in "The Dollar Princess,' 
Opera House Next Week 



Mason 



a. Hindu Slumber Song 

Harriet Ware 

b. "Love's Trinity" 

Reginald de Koven 

a. Sir de Lia (L'Enfant Prodi- 
gue) Claude Debussy 

b. L'Anneau d'argent .Chaminade 

c. Chanson Slave Chaminade 

d. Plaisirs d. amour (1741- 
1816) Martini 

e. D'une Prison . . Reynaldo Hahn 



as yet been decided on but will be 
announced later. 



The Brahms Quintette, consist- 
ing of Ralph Wylie, violin; Adolph 
Tandler, violin; Rudolph Kopp, viola; 
Axel Simonsen, cello; Homer Grunn. 
piano; will entertain the Friday 
Morning Club next Friday. 



The Ellis Club, under direction of 
J. B. Poulin, will give its next con- 
cert in Simpson Auditorium on Tues- 
day, January 24th. 

The concert numbers will be as 
follows; 



Stranger (after an examination I — 
Well, doctor, what do you thinks 
have I the gout? Great Physician — 



H'em! Er — what 
"Two hundred a 
1 .i\ e a -ore foot! 



>ur income.' 



'No; 

—Tit-Bits. 



you 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



PUBLIC WORK BY STREETS 

1st St.; ordinance establishing the 
name of the new icut-off connecting 
1st St. on the east with 1st St. on 
the west of Chicago St., as "First St." 
Adopted. This makes First St. con- 
tinuous. The name of that portion 
of 1st St. in conflict with this is 
changed to "Cable Street." 

1st St. .Industrial Districts; pet. 
from M. H. Hoover et al, for permis- 
sion to install a 10 horse power elec- 
tric motor at 1925 E. 1st St. Granted. 

3rd St.; ord. of intention to improve 
3rd St., Grand to Bunker Hill Ave., 
Johnson Act. Adopted. 

6th and Mill Sts.; protest from 
Philip Duvale et al, against proposed 
paving. Protest sustained and pro- 
ceedings ordered abandoned. 

8th St.; ord. of intention to improve 
8th St., Figueroa to Francisco St. 
Adopted. 

8th St., Wilmington; ordinance es- 
tablishing the grade of W. 8th St. 
from 134 feet west of Main St. to 
Canal St. Adopted. 

8th St., Wilmington; ordinance es- 
tablishing the grade of E. 8th St. 
from Canal St. to East St. Adopted. 

9th St. Wilmington; ord._ changing 
and establishing name of portion of 
W. 9th St., Wilmington Dist. Adopted. 

16th St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove 16th St, Main to Figueroa. 
Bond Act. Adopted. 

17th and Central; pet. from Horace 
Anthony et al,. for the installation of 
one arc street lamp at 17th and Cen- 
tral Ave. Ref. to Bd. of Pub. Wks. 

39th St.; ordinance extending the 
time within which to begin proceed- 
ings for the opening of 39th St. be- 
tween Grand Ave. and Olive St. 
Adopted. 

48th Place; from the Pacific Elec- 
tric Land Company, a deed to the 
city, for street purposes, for a portion 
of the west half of the northeast quar- 
ter Section 16, Township 2 South, 
Range 13 West, S. B. M., for the 
widening of 48th Place between Long 
Beach Ave. and Honduras St. Ac- 
cepted. 

75th St.; ord. establishing curb lines 
on 75th St. between Vermont and 
Normandie Ave. Adopted. 

76th St.; ord. establishing curb lines 
on 76th St. between Vermont and 
Normandie Ave. Adopted. 

77th St.; ord. establishing curb iines 
on 77th St. between Vermont and 
Normandie Ave. Adopted. 

78th St.; ord. establishing curb lines 
on 78th St. between Vermont and 
Normandie Ave. Adopted. 

5th Ave.; pet. from Arthur C. 
Herst et al, for three fire plugs on 5th 
Ave., one at Pico, one at 16th, one at 
Washington. Ref. to Fire Com. 

Ave. 33; maps of the assessment 
district, for the sewer work along 
Ave. 33 between Lacy St. and An- 
drews St. Adopted. 

Ave. 37; ord. granting permission to 
construct sewer in Ave. 37, Isabel to 
250 feet north. Adopted. 

Aves. 41, 42 and 43; City Engineer 
instructed to prepare necessary ordi- 
nances for the recurbing and side- 
walking of Aves. 41, 42 and 43 between 
Pasadena Ave. and Marmion Way. 

Ave. 65.; ord. establishing grade on 
Ave. 65, N. City Boundry to Pollard 
St. Adopted. 

Alley, Hollywood; ordinance estab- 
lishing the grade of the first alley 
south of Hillside Ave. from Francis 
Ave. to La Brea Ave. Adopted. 

Alley; final ord. for the sewering of 
the first alley north of 4th St. from 
Wall St. to San Pedro St. Adopted. 

Alley, west of Elden; protest from 



E. P. Bryan, et al. against the pro- 
posed improvement of the first alley 
west of Elden St. from 11th St. to 
12th St. Sustained and proceedings 
ordered abandoned. 

Alley; ordinance extending the time 
within which to begin an action for 
the condemnation of property for the 
opening of an alley from 8th St. to 
9th St. between Spring St. and Broad- 
way. Adopted. 

Broadway, Wilmington; ordinance 
establishing the grade of Broadway 
from E. 9th St. to E. 7th St. Adopt- 
ed. 

North Broadway, from Buena Vista 
St. Bridge to Cottage Home St.; pet. 
from C. E. Donnatin et al, against 
proposed change in grade. Deferred 
until Jan. 17. 

Bouctt St.; ordinance establishing 
the grade of Bouett St. from Amador 
,St. to Brooks Ave. Adopted. 

Budlong Ave.; ord. establishing curb 
lines on Budlong Ave. between north 
of 75th and south of 78th Sts. Adopt- 
ed. 

Buena Vista St. Bridge; plans and 
specifications for the concrete orna- 
mental w-ork for the Buena Vista St. 
Bridge. Adopted and Bd. Pub. Works 
instructed to advertise for bids. 

Carlton Way; ord. fixing and estab- 
lishing curb line on each side of Carl- 
ton Way from Jackson Way to Le- 
mona Ave. Adopted. 

Carlton Way; ord. granting permis- 
sion to improve Carlton Way, Jackson 
Way to Lemona. Adopted. 

Carlton Way; ordinance changing 
and establishing the name of that cer- 
tain street heretofore known as and 
called Carlton Way or Carleton Way, 
and extending from Jackson Way to 
Lemona Ave., to "Carlton Way." 
Adopted. 

College St., from Ramona Ave. to 
North Broadway; protects against 
change of grade. Deferred to Jan. 17 
and referred to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Concord St., from 1st to 4th; pro- 
tests of L. A- Hughes against accept- 
ance of street improvement. De- 
ferred to Jan. 17 and referred to Sts. 
and Blvds. Com. 

Country Club Drive; communica- 
tion from Robert Marsh, offering to 
convey to the icity an easement for a 
storm drain to be built across a strip 
of land owned by him on the north 
side of Country Club Drive, from 
Arlington Place to Third Ave., for the 
sum of $150. Ref. to Finance Com. 

Defrees St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Defrees St., Sunset Blvd. to 
Erne St. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Echandia St.; ord. of intention to 
improve Echandia St., Brooklyn to 
Pleasant. Adopted. 

Figueroa St., from Boston St. to 321 
ft. north of College St.; protests 
against change of grade. Deferred 
to Jan. 17 and referred to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Figueroa St.; ord. establishing grade 
of Figueroa, 8th to 10th Sts. Adopt- 
ed. 

Francis Ave.; final ord. for the im- 
provement of Francis Ave. from Sun- 
set Blvd. to the southerly line of the 
city. Adopted. 

French Ave.; petition from the A. 
T. & S. F. R. R. Co. relative to the 
straightening of French Ave. at Mar- 
mion Way. City Attorney and City 
Engineer instructed to prepare ordi- 
nance for the vacation of French 
Ave. and deed for the dedication of 
strip of land to be acquired for the 
straightening of said St. 

Fresno St.; final ord. for the im- 
provement of Fresno St. from Venice 
Ave. to Garnet St. Adopted. 



Gamier Place; pet. from R. J. Shoe- 
maker et al, asking that the name of 
Gamier Place, or Gramercy Place be 
fixed in such a manner as to avoid the 
confusion now existing. Ref. to Sts. 
and Blvds. Com. 

Gramercy Place; ordinance estab- 
lishing the grade of the west side of 
Gramercy Place from Melrose Ave. to 
the north line of Tract No. 803. 
Adopted. 

Gramercy Place and 11th Sts; com- 
munication from Country Club Park, 
offering to grant the city, for the sum 
of $850, an easement for the construc- 
tion of a proposed storm drain across 
their property, from Gramercy Place 
near 11th St. to a point near the cor- 
ner of Country Club Drive and West- 
chester Place. Ref. to Finance Com. 

Gramercy Place; quit claims deed 
from Country Club Park, covering a 
portion of Lots 24 to 37, "A" and "B" 
of Tract No. 647, for widening Gram- 
ercy Place on the west and north of 
Country Club Drive. Aocepted. 

Hoover St.; pet', from G. V. Wright 
et al, protesting against the opening 
of Hoover St. to Santa Monica Ave. 
Protest sustained and proceedings or- 
dered abandoned. 

Kansas Ave.; ord. establishing curb 
lines on Kansas Ave. between 75th St. 
and south of 78th St. Adopted. 

Kenwood Ave.; ord. of intention to 
improve Kenwood Ave., Adams to 
29th Sts. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Marmion Way; petition of F. W. 
Kring et al, for the condemnation for 
street purposes of all the lands owned 
by the A. T. & S. F. Ry. Co. as a 
right of way along Marmion Way, be- 
tween Ave. 50 and Pasadena Ave. 
Filed without prejudice. Council has 
adopted the necessary ordinances for 
the opening of Aves. 53, 55 and 56 
across the said railroad right of way. 

New Depot St., from Figueroa to 
College; protests against change of 
grade. Deferred to Jan. 17 and re- 
ferred to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Oak St., Wilmington; ordinance es- 
tablishing the grade of Oak St. from 
a point 627 feet north of W. 10th St. 
to W. 9th St. Adopted. 

Palm Ave.; final ord. for the paving 
of Palm Ave. from Menlo Ave. to 
Orange Ave. Adopted. 

Park Boulevard; pet. from N., N. E. 
& N. W. Imp, Ass'n, submitting reso- 
lution in favor of constructing a boule- 
vard from the present driveway be- 
tween Elysian and Griffith Park. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Raymond Ave.; ord. establishing 
curb lines on Raymond Ave. between 
75th St. and south of 78th St. Adopt- 
ed. 

Santa Monica Blvd.; deed to the 
city from Thomas Rankin and wife, 
of the north ten feet of Lot 1, Block 
24, Colegrove. Said land is for the 
widening of Santa Monica Boulevard 
from the west line of Townsend Ave. 
to a point 140 feet west. Accepted. 

Selma Ave.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Selma Ave., Gower St. to High- 
land Ave. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Sycamore Drive; ord. establishing 
curb lines on Sycamore Drive between 
southeast terminus and Pasadena Ave. 
Adopted. 

Walton Ave.; final ord. for the im- 
provement of Walton Ave. from 37th 
St. to 37th Place. Adopted. 

Wilson Ave; final ord. for the im- 
provement of Wilson Ave. from Vine 
St. to La Brea Ave. Adopted. ■ 

Land For Street Purposes; from 
Lucy G. MoGowan, et al, a deed to 
the city, for street purposes, from the 
southerly part of Lot 12, Block O, 
West Los Angeles. Said land lies at 



the junction of Hoover St. and Kings- 
ley St., south of 30th St. Accepted. 

BIDS RECEIVED 

North Broadway; bids opened De- 
cember 27 for improving North 
Broadway from Avenue 18 to 62 feet 
easterly from and parallel to the 
easterly line of the official bed of 
the Los Angeles River, were rejected. 
Bids for said work will be again re- 
ceived Monday, January 23, 1911. 

Waterloo St.; bids opened Decem- 
ber 27 for improving Waterloo St. 
from Reservoir st. to a point 659 feet 
southerly, were rejected. Bids for 
the said work will be again received 
Monday, January 23, 1911. 



BIDS AWARDED 

Blanchard St.; for street improve- 
ment in Blanchard 'Street, from the 
northwesterly line of Evergreen ave- 
nue to the southeasterly line of Mott 
street. Awarded to H. H. Curtis. 

Buena Vista St.; for sewer construc- 
tion in Buena Vista street between 
Temple street and Fort Moore place. 
Awarded to W. N. Hendricks, at $1,- 
925 for sewer complete. 

Center St.; for street improvement 
in Center street from Aliso to 50 
feet southwesterly of Macy street. 
Awarded to B. F, Ford. 

Cincinnati St.; for street improve- 
ment in Cincinnati street, from the 
southeasterly line of Forest avenue 
to the northwesterly line of Ever- 
green avenue. Awarded to H. H. 
Curtis. 

Francis Ave.; for street improve- 
ment in Francis avenue from Ver- 
mont avenue to 701 feet easterly. 
Awarded to David Joy, at 10 3-8 
cents per square foot for sidewalk. 

Normandie Ave.; for street im- 
provements in Normandie avenue, 
from the southerly line of Washing- 
ton street to the northerly line of 
Jefferson street. Awarded to Fair- 
child-Gilmore-Wilton Co. 

Westmoryland Ave.; for street im- 
provement in Normandie avenue, 
from the south line of. Seventh street 
to the north curb line of Ninth street. 
Awarded to David Joy. 



GENERAL LEGISLATION 

Aqueduct Financial Statement; Bd. 

Pub. Works presented statement as 
to aqueduct financial condition on Jan. 
1, 1911, showing: Cash on hand, 
$550,875.81 ; outstanding liabilities, 
$452,256.82; net available cash on Jan. 
1, 1911, $98,618.99; bills collectible, 
$90,077.52; total, $188,696.51. In addi- 
tion to the above assets there is an 
item of $126,000, expended by the Bd. 
of Pub. Works for the purchase of 
lands in the San Fernando Valley, 
which, we understand, will be reim- 
bursed to the aqueduct construction 
fund by the Water Department. Ex- 
penditures on the aqueduct for De- 
cember, 1910, amounted to $256,099.38. 
Operations for the current month will 
require, approximately, $275,000. Ref. 
to Finance Com. 

■ Automatic Flagmen Protested; peti- 
tion from Alex. Davidson et al, re- 
questing the abolishment of bells be- 
tween 9th St. and Slauson Junction, 
along the line of the Pacific Electric 
Railway on Long Beach Ave., and 
that flagmen be placed at said cross- 
ings in lieu thereof. Referred to the 
Board of Public Utilities. 

Basement Pipe Inlets; Fire Chief 
recommended that, in order to facili- 
tate fire fighting, in buildings, that 
present city ord. be amended to re- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 



let with i 

till to Assist Property Owners; 

sub- 
impelled to take 
mil count] 

• > the 

ire to note 

on their books anil 

purchaser a fee of 10 cents 

making the notation. Change is 

r the benefit of these same 

cially in the ma 

us, because of the 

lenity in securing the right names. 

essments n made against 

iknown" owne real owner 

ment often 

IS delinquent until interest and 

ties have more than doubled the 

! assessment and the owner is 

an unnecessary expense lo re- 

rty. Ret to Legisla- 

Blocking Lcs Angeles Street; pet 

\rnot: & Co.. et al. for abate- 

of the nuisance caused by the 

Crowds of men assembling on Los An 

St. between 1st and 2nd. Ret. 

to Legislation Com, 

Central Park Comfort Station; Bd. 

iblic Works authorized to enter 

into the necessary contract, under the 

emergency provisions of the City 

r. without advertising for bids 

or, for the construction of a 

Public Comfort Station in Central 

Park. orization to include 

the doing of any portion of said work 

by day labor, and the employing of 

is in the Park Department. 

City Buys Aqueduct Bonds; City 
purchased 476 one-thousand-dollar 
Owens River bonds with aqueduct 
sinking funds. Council's action was 
the recommendation of the Bd. 
of Pub Works, whose report showed 
funds were needed, as the aqueduct. 
January 1, had but $98,618.99 available 
cash on hand. 

Cow Limits in Southwest; City At- 
torney instructed to prepare ordinance 
extruding the cow limits from 38th 
St. on Hooper Ave. to Vernon, and 
thence west on Vernon to South Park 
Ave. 

Griffith Park Fire Break; appropria- 
tion of $12C0 made for the purpose 
of increasing the width of the fire- 
break around Griffith Park from 30 to 
100 feet. 

Height of Electric Signs; pet. from 
W, II. Clune et al, asking that amend- 
ment be made to present ord. allow- 
ing electric signs on top of buildings 
to lie made 30 ft. high instead of 20 
ft. as at present. Fire Chief recom- 
mended that pet. be not granted. Ref 
to Legislation Com. 

Hcllywcod Main Sewer; in regard 
to the matter of condemning a cer- 
tain strip of land for the Hollywood 
Main Sewer through land belonging 
lo the Mesa Land Co., and land be- 
longing to May K. Rindge. Finance 
Com. recommended that the sum of 
£200 be paid the Mesa Laud Co. for 
right of way through Lot 17 West 
Adams Terrace Tract, and $1500 be 
paid to May K. Rindge for right of 
way for sewer purposes across private 
property belonging to the Rindge 
Estate, -.aid location being on or about 
on the westerly prolongation of 23rd 
St. from 12th Ave. Adopted. 

More Street Inspectors; ordinance 
creating two new positions of inspec- 
tor at the salary of $110 per month 
each in the Bureau of Street Mainte- 
nance and Inspection. Adopted. 

New Subdivision; map of Tract 1065 
between Wilmington Ave. and Mc- 
Farland St. in Wilmington. Ref. to 
Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

New Subdivision; map of Tifel 
Brothers' 52nd Place Tract, a new 
subdivision lying between 52nd and 



Rcf( rr. - and 

Regulating Billboards; 

l I N e w S , 
known a- the license ordinance. This 
ordinance the license on 

irds ami advertising signb 
and require- a quarterly license of one 
fourth of a cent square foot 

of the front surface area of bill- 

- and advertising signboards. 
This is the license provision which 
upon favorably by the Su- 
perior Court of this county about 
three years ago and which was in 

prior to the present ordinance 

which bases the license upon the 
amount of gross receipts. Ref. to 
Legislation Com. 

Redcndo Railway Ordered to Stop 
Operating Cars; Council instructed 
tin- City Clerk to order the Los An 
geles ami Redondo Railway company 
to stop forthwith the operation of all 
cars north of Jefferson street, inas- 
much as that company is operating 
-.1- cars on said street without legal 
right, ami the company has had more 
than sufficient opportunity to obtain 
the necessary franchise along city 
streets. 

Safety Stations; Board of Public 
W.nks requested to advise the Coun- 
cil as to the advisability of the erec- 
tion of safety stations at the Temple 
Block and the junction of Main, 
Spring and Ninth Sts. 

Seats en Hill Street; Park Com. re- 
quested permission to place seats on 
Hill St. opposite Central Park. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Sower Right of Way; perpetual 
easement 'Mid right of way for sani- 
tary and s-omi sewer purposes, from 
the Los Angeles Trust and Savings 
Bank, over a portion of Lot 5, Blk 1, 
Knob Hill Tract. Accepted. 

Street Displays of Merchandise; 
recommendation of the Chief of Po- 
lice relative to amending Ordinance 
No. 19,380 N. S., prohibiting the dis- 
playing of merchandise on public side- 
walks in a certain district, to include 
East Fifth St. to Central Ave. Ref. 
to Legislation Com. 

Street Speaking; draft of an ordi- 
nance amending Section 4 of Ordi- 
nance No. 20,534 (New Series) en- 
titled. "An ordinance prohibiting the 
obstruction of public streets and reg- 
ulating public meetings in public 
streets and parks," by adding to the 
district described in Section 4 the ter- 
ritory included between Main St. and 
the east side of Los Angeles St. and 
from the south side of 2nd St. to the 
north side of Arcadia St. Ref. to 
Legislation Com. 

Store Department for City; draft of 
ord. creating a store dept. and regu- 
lating the purchase of materials and 
supplies. Considered and action de- 
ferred until Jan. 17. Ordinance abol- 
ishes the supply department as it has 
been conducted and puts it on a foot- 
ing similar to the purchasing depart- 
ment of railroads and corporations. 
The storeroom is to be located in the 
new annex when it is completed. 

Tax Protests; claim of stockholders 
of the Merchants National Bank for 
a refund of $1,260.98. paid under pro- 
test. Also claim of stockholders of 
1st Nat. Bank for refund of $2,206 
taxes, paid under protest. Ref. to 
City Atty. 

Taxicabs; ord. regulating taxicabs. 
Deferred until Jan. 17. 

Theatre Billboards; pet. from Pan- 
tages Theatre et al, for permission to 
maintain 2 theatre bulletins in front 
of theatre. Ref. to Legislation Com. 

Tract No. 712; pet. from Jennie Gas- 
men, for quit .claim deed to Lots 1, 2 
3 and 4 Tract No. 712. Ref. to City 
Atty. for ord. 

To Advertise Los Angeles as a 
Manufacturing Center; message from 
Mayor enclosing resolution passed by 
Chamber of Commerce recommending 
the establishment of a Manufacturers' 
Commission for the purpose of 'col- 



lecting information in regard to the 
advantagi - of Las At ■-■ Manu- 

facturing center, to distribute th 

Ition in an I hue manu- 

facturers i.. establish their plants 
Ref t.. Public Welfare Com 
Wharf Franchise Wanted; pi ; from 
John A, Anderson, makini 
tion tor a wharf franchise in the 
■ at San Pedro Kit to H 
Committee and Harbor Commission. 

BUILDING PERMITS 

From Jan 1-t to Jan. oth. 1<>1 1, in- 
clusive. J. J. Backus, Chiit In-; 

of Buildings issued 2<I4 permits, 
amounting to $271,023, which are 
class. -,i as follows; 

Class C 5 $ 63,425 

i lis I), 1 story frame. 69 106,902 

Class I). P.. story 3 5,962 

Class D. 2 story 15 66.291 

Sheds. Barns (frame). . 40 6,557 

Foundations only 1 500 

Brick Alterations 15 4,150 

Frame Alterations .... 56 17,236 

Grand total 204 $271,023 

Comparisons with last year: 

From Jan. 1st to Jan. 
6th, 1910, inclusive.. 121 $229,903 
Compiled by Mark C. Cohn, Chief 

Clerk. 



THE HIT-IN-THE-JAW HINT 

For a generation the American peo- 
ple have been insisting that United 
States Senators should be elected by 
direct vote of the people. 

Four times the lower House of Con- 
gress Was adopted a resolution to 
submit a constitutional amendment to 
the states, that shall take the election 
of Senators out of the legislatures, 
and provide for their election by di- 
rect vote. 

Four times has the directly interest- 
ed Senate, whose concurrence is nec- 
essary, refused or neglected to join 
with the House in submitting this 
amendment. 

But two-thirds of the legislatures 
of the states, by resolution, can com- 
pel Congress to call a constitutional 
convention to prepare any amendment 
that may be advocated. This means 
the legislatures of thirty-one states. 
Twenty-seven legislatures have adopt- 
ed resolutions petitioning for a con- 
vention to change the method of elect- 
ing United States Senators, and two 
states have made formal demand that 
such convention be called, twenty- 
nine states in all, two less than the 
necessary two-thirds. There is good 
reason to believe that through trick- 
ery, some of those resolutions are in- 
correctly drawn, but it is quite evi- 
dent that before the winter is over, 
thirty-one states will in proper form 
have petitioned for the convention to 
amend the Constitution so that the 
people shall elect United State Sen- 
ators. 

And now comes word from Wash- 
ington that 'the Senate judiciary com- 
mittee intends after the holiday recess 
to recommend the adoption of a joint 
resolution to amend the Constitution 
so that United States Senators shall 
be elected by direct vote. 

This means that the amendment 
will be submitted to the states, for 



the House, after going on record four 

amendment will 

unquestionably concur. That the 

amendment will be promp 

by the states noes without saying, 

It is e> ident, too. that thi 
capable of taking a bint when bit on 
the jaw. — San Francisco Star. 



TREMENDOUS POWER IN THE 
HANDS OF TWELVE MEN 



An American authority on finance 
third of the total wealth of 
the country and four -fifths of all the 
vital corporate capital of the >. 
have passed into the control or under 
ilie domination of less than a dozen 
men. 

And the supremacy of J. P. Morgan 
in Wall Street is undisputed, so to a 
certain degree he may be said to 

wield the \ast power of that concen- 
tration of wealth in a dozen pairs of 
hands. 

The ownership and .control of the 
capital in question relates to indus- 
trial, transportation and banking in- 
terests, and carries with it immense 
political power, such as was exerted 
successfully in the passage of the 
Payne-Aldrich tariff bill. 

So the great question is forced upon 
The People, whether Wall Street is 
to control the Government or the 
Government is to control Wall Street. 

And if the multitude realized how 
tremendous a power money has be- 
come in the Government of the Na- 
tion, the States, counties, cities and 
towns, they would marvel greatly and 
say things must be changed. — Sacra- 
mento Bee. 



CHARLES FARWELL EDSON TO 
ADDRESS CITY CLUB TODAY 



At the regular w : eekly luncheon of 
the City Club to be held at the West- 
minster Hotel today (Saturday), at 
12:15 p. m., Charles Farwell Edson 
will speak on "Teaching a City." Mr. 
Edson will present the plan of the St. 
Paul Institute of Arts, with other sug- 
gestions as to how public interest in 
the affairs of the city may be aroused 
and information be given to the 
people. 



THE WRONG BASIS 



We suppose it is a matter for con- 
gratulation that Mr. Carnegie has 
given $11,500,000 to fight for peace 
and Mr. Rockefeller another $10,000,- 
000 to his favorite university. Peace 
and learning are both needed and 
their promotion requires money. But 
we go with the Socialists so far as to 
think that neither permanent peace nor 
the most useful learning is likely to 
be had while conditions of unfair privi- 
lege make possible the accumulation 
in private hands of fortunes so swollen 
that even frantic giving to conven- 
tional works of benevolence does not 
sensibly diminish their redundancy. — 
Boston Common. 



"Better put that hammock up a lit- 
tle higher," said the woman. "No," 
replied the man. "It's high enough. 
If I want to fall any further I'll get 
in an aeroplane." — Yonkers States- 
man. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from Jan. 4th to 10th, inclusive, 
comparison with corresponding weeks of 1910 and 1909: 

1911 1910 

Jan. 4 : $4,188,085.93 $3,166,721.24 $2, 

Ian 5 3,361,498.66 2.386.956.45 1. 

"Jan 6 2,773.604.84 2,125,664.63 1, 

Jan 7 2,817,628 91 2.132.863.70 1, 

Ian 9 3,096,111.09 2,439,629.79 1. 

Jan! 10 2,832,848.45 2.455.134.57 2 

Total $19,069,777.88 $14,706,970.38 $11. 



showing 



1909 
264.454.45 
911.085.65 
732.642.98 
733,242.24 
90.1337.40 
368,532.79 

913.295.51 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE— 38x56 on ground, six large rooms on ground floor, also bath, 
screen porch, and cement porch 8x38; two large bedrooms, bath room, 
and sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. 
Built last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred, feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE — $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



CTORY . . . 



= £) Index to (Business Houses, Professions, Etc. f^7 ± 



APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

AR1STQ ENGRAVING CO., 

Citizens National Bank Bldg., 3rd 
and Main Sts. 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 43 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones: Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



PIANOS AND ORGANS 
GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickeiing & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

PURITAS DISTILLED WATER 

DOS ANGELES ICE & COLD 
STORAGE CO. Phones Home 
10053; Sunset Main 8191. 

REAL ESTATE 
MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Clasi Investments. 

STUfDIOS TO RENT' 
KLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broad ivay; 232 S: Hill. 

STOP AGE AND MOVING 

BEKIN3, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 





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Tickets and Information at 601 So. Spring St., Los Angeles 



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LOS ANGELES 



PACIFIC OU 




Vol. X. Mo. 4 



Los Angeles, California, January 21, I9H 



5 Cents $l.OO a Year 



AN INCORPORATED CONSPIRACY 



Nothing more fundamental or far- 
reaching has ever come before the 
Supreme Court of the United States 
than the issues involved in the Amer- 
ican Tobacco and Standard Oil cases. If the 
Washington correspondents have sensed the 
tial issue aright it is this: It cannot 
have been the purpose of Congress, as it is 
not within its province, to strip wealth of 
the power that is inherent in wealth. A cor- 
poration is a person and legislation cannot 
limit the amount of wealth that any person 
may acquire or the power that it may yield. 
If one such person possess himself of all the 
flouring mills in the country no law can re- 
strain the power of that person to fix the 
price of the bread that the people shall eat. 
If one such person shall acquire ownership 
of all the packing houses the law cannot 
limit that person's power to fix the price 
which must be paid for meat, and so on un- 
til all the means of production and all the 
means of distribution shall have been sub- 
jugated by a few artificial persons with 
neither bodies to be kicked nor souls to be 
damned. 

It is conceded by the defendants that an 
association of corporations having for its 
object the monopolization of any commodity 
would be unlawful, that an association of in- 
dividuals having the same object in view 
might be prosecuted as a conspiracy in re- 
straint of trade, but if a corporation own 
these subsidiary corporations, if the con- 
spirators incorporate themselves into a "per- 
son" they are beyond the reach of law and 
may restrain trade to their hearts' desire and 
commit no wrong. 

It is fortunate for the nation and the world 
that this specific issue has, in such simple 
terms, come before the highest court in 
Christendom. This is not saying that the 
supreme court will decide the issue aright. 
If it follow precedents it will doubtless ren- 
der a wrong decision, but the sentiment of 
civilization will not render a wrong decis- 
ion. That sentiment will go straight to the 
heart of the matter and, soon or late, it will 
fetch the supreme court of the United States 
to its way of thinking. 

The issue is simple. Therefore the writer 
of this may venture to determine it. There 
are two sorts of persons, natural and arti- 
ficial. God made the first, man the second. 
They are not the same and should not have 
the same status under the law. The law 
may not limit the strength of the arm of a 
natural person, his power of mind, his am- 
bition to acquire, the amount of wealth he 
shall accumulate if he do it honestly, but the 
law may, nay must, limit the power of the 
artificial person wherever and however the 
public welfare requires limitation. It may 
not only limit its activities, its capitalization, 
its jurisdicton, its purposes, but the law may 
blot it out. wind up its affairs and burn its 
charter in the court house yard if the general 
welfare require it, and the general welfare 
does require that these over-grown holding 
corporations, posing as persons, be dissolved 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK. 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 

C. D. WILLARD )„ .. „L 

A. J. PILLSBURY S Contnbutm S Edltors 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered as second-class matter April 5. 1907, at 
the postofftce at Los Angeles, California, under the 
act of Congress of March 3. 1879. 

and their holdings distributed. May we ven- 
ture to hope that the supreme court of the 
United States will do this and do it now? 
When Stephen J. Field wrote the decision 
that affirmed that the Southern Pacific Com- 
pany is a negro, and entitled to the protec- 
tion of the fourteenth amendment to the 
Constitution of the United States, he blun- 
dered. It is time that decision were re- 
versed. A conspiracy must not be less than 
a conspiracy because the conspirators are 
incorporated for purposes of aggression and 
plunder. 



THE PEOPLE AND THE MOB 



TO CALIFORNIA WEEKLY 
READERS: 



Pacific Outlook announces that 
Mr. A. J. Pillsbury, former editor 
of the California Weekly, has 
joined the staff of this paper as 
associate contributing editor. Mr. 
Pillsbury will also continue in Pa- 
cific Outlook, "Political Table 
Talk, by the Watchman." 

If you were a subscriber to the 
California Weekly at the time it 
suspended publication and will 
address a postal card to the Paci- 
fic Outlook, 3 1 1 E. 4th St., Los 
Angeles, requesting that it be 
substituted for the California 
Weekly, this publication will be 
sent to your address for the re- 
mainder of the unexpired sub- 
scription. 



The opposition to the democratic institu- 
tions of initiative, referendum,, recall and 
primary emanates cither from the 
1 interests in politics, whose c ml n >' 

of affairs is threatened by the return ol thi 
people to power, or else from the conserva- 
tive, slow-moving elements of the commun- 
ity, who are frightened at the thought of in- 
novation, and who have honest doubts as to 
the legality and wisdom of such radical 
changes. 

Argument is wasted when applied to 
those who fight the rule of the people be- 
cau e it will interfere with their business 
interests. For all such the steam roller is 
the best form of reply. But the other class, 
the conservatives, are always entitled to a 
hearing and an answer. 

J3ack of all their arguments there is found 
an inherent distrust of the people and a 
dread of what they may do if power is 
placed directly in their hands, and this 
arises largely out of their ignorance of the 
nature of people when taken in the mass. 

To most of them the words "People" and 
"Mob" are synonymous. 

This confusion permeates our literature. 
Shakespeare nowhere offers a conception of 
the people as distinct from the mob. Wher- 
ever the masses enter the play, whether in 
Caesar, or Coriolanus, or Henry VI, or else- 
where they are the rabble, ignorant, pas- 
sionate, unreasoning and dangerous. The 
same is true of the English novels even 
down to Charles Kingsley, who, in "Alton 
Locke," strove to present the case from the 
people's standpoint, but whose conception 
of them is widely different from ours. 

It is not strange that the man of conser- 
vative tendencies should be ignorant of the 
people. He is usually well-to-do, and 
neither his business nor his private life 
takes him out among them. He is not ad- 
venturous by nature, nor of an enquiring 
turn of mind. Being comfortable himself, he 
sees no reason why he should worry about 
those that' are not, and thus he is not only 
hopelessly ignorant of the real world about 
him. but he is also perfectly satisfied with 
himself. That forms a combination that it 
is pretty hard to break into. 

There was an excuse for the mob of 
Shakespeare in the general illiteracy that 
prevailed among the common people of that 
epoch. Even down to the time of our grand- 
fathers, the average day laborer could not 
read and write. In this day and generation 
illiteracy is wiped out, nearly every work- 
ingman reads the magazines, and there is 
scarcely a habitation in the whole city that 
does not take in some newspaper. The 
only place to find the good, old-fashioned 
'brand of total ignorance is among these 
very conservatives, some of whom read 
nothing but the market reports and fall 
asleep right after a six-course dinner. 

But we still have mobs and thev 
ally do atrocious rtiings. Very true. There 
is as great a gulf, however, between the mob 
and the people as there is between the in- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



dividual and the people. Indeed, the dis- 
tinction is much the same, for a mob is only 
an individual with many heads. 

The people is made up of individuals and 
yet it has qualities that none of the indi- 
viduals possess. It is a seeming paradox of 
a whole that is not made up of the sum of 
all its parts. Each individual has his weak 
spot. No man is perfectly moral and entirely 
free from prejudice. But it may be said of 
the people as a whole that they are moral 
and just and fairly wise. To illustrate: im- 
agine the character of an individual in the 
form of a disc with holes here and there to 
represent delinquencies. Men are never 
exactly alike, and so the perforations of the 
disks show great variety of location. Now 
place a great number of these disks, each 
•representing an individual, and the whole 
representing the people in mass, one above 
another in an even pile. There is absolute- 
ly no chance that any one hole can be traced 
through in a straight line from top to bot- 
tom. Thus are the faults of the individual 
lost when human beings are grouped. Each 
may have his own special interest, but they 
will not coincide with one another. 

But the mob is a group of individuals 
with a common interest and that an ignoble 
one. It is conceivable that in a small com- 
munity under conditions of extraordinary 
stress, the whole people might be trans- 
formed into a mob. Rudyard Kipling says 
that public opinion begins when there are 
ten people gathered together. At just what 
number is public opinion broad enough to 
be disinterested? The speculation is a cur- 
ious one which we leave to our readers. 

Mobs are necessarily short lived. The 
operations of direct legislation give time for 
thoughtful consideration before the vote is 
held. In that period the people would as- 
sert itself over the mob. 

* * * 
BELIEVING LIARS 



Who started this preposterous yarn that 
is now going the rounds of the Eastern 
press and occasionally shows up on Califor- 
nia soil, that when the Llewellyn establish- 
ment was partially blown up Christmas 
morning, none of the Los Angeles papers 
ventured to tell about it? Sometimes the 
story is varied by the statement that only 
one of the papers dared to speak — said pa- 
per being the one that claims a monopoly 
of all the moral bravery of the town. Here 
on the Coast, where Los Angeles papers 
circulate freely, the story is varied again, 
appearing generally in the form that only 
one of our journals dared to comment edi- 
torially on the event. 

We do not know who started this yarn 
but we can guess. It has some well-known 
ear-marks. As a matter of fact we believe 
that all the papers gave the explosion its 
full news value, and most of them illus- 
trated it and gave editorial comment. No- 
body was killed, and the damage was not 
very great, and there were no police devel- 
opments — all of which made it only a "one- 
day story." Except in the Times. Like the 
people in songs the Times "loves to linger." 
Dickens' Mr. Smangle declared that tobacco 
was board and lodging to him ; and the 
Times could with truth assert that dynamite 
outrages are subscriptions and advertising 
So it. The more labor troubles we have, the 
more that paper prospers; so it is no wonder 
that it figures out every possible way to 
hound the labor unions and drive them to do 
their worst. And no wonder that it dilates 



to the fullest every scrap of news that helps 
to that end. 

But how does its yarn that it is the only 
paper that dares give the news on such mat- 
ters get circulation and acceptance when the 
other papers are at hand presenting a visible 
refutation of the story? How is it that peo- 
ple are so ready to believe habitual liars? 
Everybody knows that the Times has not a 
rag of conscience in the matter of veracity, 
and yet it frequently manages to get itself 
believed. There ought to be a league start- 
ed of people who will swear never to believe 
anything in that paper unless they find it 
told somewhere else. 

The rest of the world has heard about the 
bravery of the Times, chiefly from the Times 
itself, until it has come to accept the story 
through the mere force of reiteration. We 
do not quarrel with that. People who enjoy 
sitting around on powder barrels smoking 
and dropping matches are entitled to all the 
reputation they can get out of it on the 
score of bravery. But is it necessary to the 
Times' case to make out that everybody else 
in this community is a coward? That seems 
to us to be rather overplaying the hand. 

THE RAILROADS AND THE PEOPLE 



In his article on "The Railroads and the 
People," in the January Atlantic, President- 
E. P. Ripley, of the Santa Fe, did himself in- 
finite credit. His fragmentary utterances 
theretofore had caused the public mind to 
conceive of him as being a man with a per- 
petual grouch. The article in question will 
go far toward removing that impression and 
establishing for him a reputation for being 
a reasonable person quite capable of forming 
a restrained and rational judgment. It is 
within bounds to characterize President Rip- 
ley's article as the best exposition in recent 
years of the railroad side of the railroad 
question. 

And yet how far, how very far removed, is 
President Ripley's view from the view that 
must eventually obtain in this country? The 
best we can say for his effort is that it is a 
report of that progress which railroad man- 
agement is making toward the establishment 
of justice between railroads and the people 
they serve. Compared with that Egyptian 
darkness which prevailed in railroad circles 
in the barbaric period of railroading, that 
long, long ago (a dozen or twenty years or 
such a matter), before railroad managers 
had eaten of the fruit of the 'tree of knowl- 
edge of good and evil, and so did not know 
that it was wrong to lie and to steal, to hold- 
up and to plunder, to debauch legislatures 
and put courts under mortgage to them, to 
rob their own stockholders and loot their 
own roads, — compared with. the best railroad 
justifications of that stygian period this ar- 
ticle from the pen of President Ripley is pos- 
itively luminous. 

Epitomized, his contentions are that the 
proper railroad policy is that which will pro- 
mote the greatest happiness of the greatest 
number; that rates must be based on the 
value of the service rendered and not on its 
cost; that distance hauled may properly be 
disregarded; that railroads should be per- 
mitted to enter into reasonable agreements 
regarding rates ; that the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission should be given power 
to raise as well as to lower rates; that rates 
are now too low and never have been too 
high else traffic could not have grown as it 
has or industry thriven ; that the profits de- 
rived by railroads should no more be limited 
by law than the profits derived from manu- 



facturing or merchandising; that for every 
percent declared in dividends railroads 
should be permitted to earn another per 
cent to be invested in betterments ; that past 
history of railroading in America makes it 
fairly evident that betterments made from 
earnings will not be capitalized and convert- 
ed into mortgage on traffic enduring for half 
a century; that railroads will be under a 
moral obligation to refrain from so doing; 
that if the railroads haVe been in politics 
injuriously it was because the people elected 
blackmailers to office ; that railroads all over 
the country are now trying hard to avoid the 
use of improper measures to influence leg- 
islation, in which effort the people should 
meet them half way. 

Not all the above propositions can be sep- 
arately considered within the limits of a 
single editorial, but only some of them. His 
standard of policy is false. The joy of a ma- 
jority however great, is no justification for 
inflicting hardship upon a minority however 
small. The goal we seek is justice, not the 
greatest happiness to the greatest number. 
If rates be based on the value of the service 
rendered shall they absorb the full value, "all 
that the traffic will bear?" Shall they take 
half of it or one-fourth, or just enough less 
than the whole to permit traffic to move? 
These questions sufficiently show the ab- 
surdity of the Ripley contention. The value 
of the service is an element in rate-making, 
but so are cost of service, physical valuation, 
distance, a full haul back or empty, volume 
of traffic, competition, cost of maintenance 
and operation, the treating of a whole line 
over mountain and plain as a whole or as 
separable into topographical units. All these 
elements, and others, enter into rate-making. 
Rate-making as certainly involves the power 
to tax as does tariff-making and for that 
reason, rates, in their final form, whatever 
latitude may be allowed to railroads in in- 
itiatory work, must be made by government 
and by no other power than government. 
Rate-making is an act of sovereigntv not to 
be delegated to traffic managers. 

That railroads should be permitted, where 
possible without Oppression, to earn their 
non-remunerative betterments is sound doc- 
trine. The people have not objected to their 
so doing and will not, provided that such 
betterments be not capitalized as they have 
been to the extent of hundreds of millions. 
They are doing it now. The Southern Pa- 
cific Company has just invested $15,000,000 
of surplus earnings in the bonds of 
the San Francisco Terminal Company, a 
subsidiary corporation, and purposes so to 
invest $35,000,000 more, a free gift from the 
people converted into a mortgage on the peo- 
ple to draw interest for fifty years and then 
to be extracted again. The attempt to in- 
flict such a wrong should be made a felony 
and the only way to prevent such injustice 
is publicly to regulate the financing of all 
public service corporations. 

That railroads were forced into politics 
through blackmailers is not true. Such in- 
cidents as have taken place served as an 
excuse, but never as a justification. Rail- 
roads went into politics to get things they 
wanted, mainly things they ought not to 
have, and they remained in politics to shirk 
burdens and obtain privileges and immun- 
ities. If they are going out it is because 
they are being kicked out, and the only way 
to keep them out is to keep a kicking. 

But President Ripley is right when he de- 
clares that the people should give the rail- 
roads, not what they deserve, (which would 
be a sound drubbing) but a square deal. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



is the I 
lad manager will catch hades in due 
■i at the !. ituted 

who 
vindicated elsewln 
not here This is no dm 
reprisals. The thing to do is to establish 
-animation that can be much 
facilitated ii President Ripley and his con- 
n a few of their archaic 
s such as that the profits of public- 
service corporation are no more to be regu- 
;han profits acquired in private busi- 
that the value of the service is the sole 
measure of rates and that American rail- 
managers have been under conviction 
for sin, are born again and purged of all 

iniquity. 'Taint so. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THE PAINTED WOMAN'S SNEER 



With the beginning of the year the "Cal- 
ifornia Weekly" of San Francisco suspend- 
ed publication. It was established by a 
number of patriotic citizens of California, to 
aid in the great struggle for the political 
freedom of the state. It did not pay ex- 
penses — papers of that order rarely can be 
made self-supporting — and when the amount 
subscribed had been spent, the paper said 
farewell to its readers. It could do this 
with the better grace, because the chief pur- 
pose of its existence had been attained. 

A recent number of the Argonaut of San 
Francisco contains an editorial brutally 
headed "By an Open Grave," in which it 
gloats with sneering insolence over the 
death of the "California Weekly." It dwells 
upon the fact that it was assisted by a sub- 
sidy, as though that were a brand of dis- 
honor, and cynically plays up the failure to 
pay expenses as an evidence of popular dis- 
favor. 

Now there is a little game that anybody 
with a foot rule and a few facts in his pos- 
session can play on either a daily or weekly 
paper, and the Argonaut is not exempt. The 
legitimate income for such publications 
has only two sources, advertising and sub- 
scriptions. The rates of both are well 
known, and the volume of circulation can 
readily be ascertained. A few processes of 
measurement and calculation, and you have 
gross income. Turning to the other side 
of the ledger, the printing bill is easily fig- 
ured, and there is nothing mysterious or 
difficult about editorial expenses. In short, 
it is easily possible for one who is experi- 
enced in such matters to size up a period- 
ical, and tell whether it is a making or a 
losing proposition — assuming its income to 
be honest. 

Tried by these standards of square busi- 
ness the Argonaut is invariably landed in the 
red ink up to its neck. Its advertising patron- 
age is limited, and its rates not high. Its 
circulation was once large for a local affair. 
fur under the management of Pixley and of 
Hart it gained a national prestige. Most of 
that has fallen off, and its local sales are not 
by any means what they used to be. In 
these days it is read and liked only by the 
wealthy, reactionary class in and about San 
Francisco, and they do not run into num- 
bers. Sales in Los Angeles have practically 
ceased, where once big packages were re- 
quired. On the other hand, it is an expen- 
sive paper to publish, because it uses only 
high grade editorial work throughout. It 
gets the best writers — as to style and price 
— in San Francisco, and that is a city, by 
the way, where good writing has always 
been held in esteem. The make-up and 



the paper arc .1 joy to the 

i inter, .ind the reader, even while 
ndemns it> policies, finds himself 

pleased at the elegance of their pri 
ment. 

\ es, the painted woman is fair to look 
upon, and all the more deadly dangerous for 
that. 

Now then, Argonaut, who pays your 
deficit of a thousand dollars a month? With- 
out it, you would cease publication imme- 
diately, and we might perhaps be making 
remarks over your "Open Grave." You are a 
total and an ignominious "failure" as far as 
money-making goes, only, thanks to some 
"gentleman-friend," nobody finds it out — 
except the initiated who can go behind the 
scenes. 

The men who put up to establish the Cal- 
ifornia Weekly were all well-known, and 
their giving was no secret. Their purpose 
was honorable and totally unselfish. It did' 
not mean a dollar of gain to any of them 
that there should be in California govern- 
ment by the people instead of government 
by the Southern Pacific. But who are the 
people that pay for the Argonaut, and why 
do they do it? That paper supports South- 
ern Pacific and Calhoun political policies 
throughout, without a hair's breadth of de- 
viation. 

Shortly after the earthquake and fire, it 
was known that Mr. Hart was willing to sell 
the paper, and a group of men of San Fran- 
cisco offered all it was worth and more. But 
just as the bargain was about concluded, it 
was sold out from under them, and the al- 
leged owner was a man who had for years 
been editing Southern Pacific publications. 
The paper suddenly became a machine or- 
gan, reactionary, devoted to the railway's 
interest, the supporter of Calhoun. Its one 
departure from the stand-pat program was 
on the tariff; it favored revision downwards. 
By a curious coincidence, Herrin, ex-Repu'b- 
lican boss of the State, is, and always has 
been, a low tariff Democrat. The Argonaut 
makes a specialty of frenzied opposition to 
the initiative, referendum and recall; and 
curiously again that is one of the few things 
on which Herrin is willing to come out in 
the open. He recently delivered a long 
screed on that subject before an Oregon 
college — duly reported in full in the Ar- 
gonaut. 

There you have the situation. The Cali- 
fornia Weekly is dispossessed and her goods 
and chattels are thrown out into the street. 
As she sits mourning, there passes by the 
brazen, painted woman of the town, flaunt- 
ing the silk and jewels bought by the sale 
of her honor, who says, "You see where 
your foolish conscience has brought you. 
Come, be as I am, and prosper." 
+ * * 

THE EPILEPTIC COLONY IDEA 



Recently a oaragraph appeared in the 
news service from Sacramento stating that 
Senator N. W. Thompson, of Los Angeles, 
would introduce a bill appropriating $400,- 
000 for the purchase of a site and the erec- 
tion of buildings for the accommodation of 
a colony of epileptics ; that he had said that 
little can be done for epileptics except to 
take care of them and that, inasmuch as they 
can labor while not under seizure such col- 
ony, rightly located, should be nearly if not 
quite self-sustaining. It is always possible 
that an official may have been shockingly 
misquoted but if quoted correctly it is evi- 
dent that there is a great deal about epilepsy 
that Senator Thompson does not know. 



( 'alifornia's nct:A i 
pressing than I 

institutional hue, but the enterprise si' 

undertaken under any misapprchen- 
to basic facts. 

California's epileptics arc scattered 
through all her institutions, a source of dan- 
others and of mortification and misery 
to themselves. Considerations for humanity 
demand that they be segregated into an in- 
stitution of their own where they can be 
cared for and studied with all that intensity 
with which human maladies are being 
Studied at the Rockefeller institute. 

But the initial segregation into an insti- 
tution of their own is relatively unimport- 
ant. They must be segregated and resegre- 
gated until scarcely a score of them are left 
together under common care. The aged and 
infirm must go by themselves, the adult 
chronic epileptics in varying degrees by 
themselves according to degree; the sane 
must be separated from the insane, the adult 
males from the adult females; children under 
adolescence from children in the adolescent 
stages; kindergarteners from those of pri- 
mary grades; the cottage system should 
characterize the entire enterprise with the 
exception of the insane and the imbecile of 
custodial grade who may be congregated to 
some extent. Sixty per cent should be lodged 
in single rooms or in dormitories accommo- 
dating four to six patients, which means 
that the cost of housing will run close to 
$750 per patient and that the cost of attend- 
ants will greatly exceed that of any other 
institution in the state. 

Unless the whole enterprise is to prove 
unavailing the executive and medical staff 
must be as good as the world can afford with 
specialists to study, study, study, tirelessly, 
minutely, with all the appliances that science 
can afford and ingenuity contrive for, as yet, 
epilepsy is an unsolved problem. Care and 
training in self-control, diet, regularity of 
living, labor requiring skill and intellectual 
discipline, may ameliorate the sufferings of 
many and cure some, but the greatest need 
of all is to get hold of acute cases and sub- 
ject them at once to almost an individual 
training and care. 

No higher benevolence of a state institu- 
tional character is possible than the estab- 
lishment of a state colony for epileptics, but 
if it be undertaken let it be undertaken right 
and with a full understanding of the nature 
and probable cost of the undertaking. 



PRESS COMMENTS 

Secretary Dickinson asks Congress for 
two or three aeroplanes, and in the next 
paragraph recommends that inefficient army 
officers be dropped. — Chicago Tribune. 



One immediate effect of George W. Per- 
kins' retirement from the house of J. P. 
Morgan & Co. is that he is being described 
as a philanthropist. — Springfield Republi- 
can. 



In order to safeguard the Panama Canal 
it might be well for Uncle Sam to put San 
Francisco and New Orleans under bonds to 
keep the peace. — Wall Street Journal. 



We shudder to think what the state of 
the British mind will be when the first Ger- 
man aeroplane crosses the channel- -Cleve- 
land Leader. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



POLITICAL TABLE TALK 



By THE WATCHMAN 



Are We Progressives Last week a 
False and Perfidious? splendid vic- 
tory for a pro- 
gressive Republicanism was won at 
Sacramento in the election of John D. 
Works to the United States Senate. 
On the score of the relative mer ts of 
the two candidates, Works and Spald- 
ing, few can have any misgivings 
through fear that the better man was 
not chosen. In the person of Judge 
Works we have a known and adequate 
quantity. In the person of Mr. Spald- 
ing we had an unknown and, judging 
from his up-state sponsors particular- 
ly, inadequate quantity. Assuredly 
the legislature made no mistake in 
selecting the known in preference to 
the unknown. So far as results are 
concerned, therefore, there can be no 
question, that the legislature elected 
the right man. But did the progres- 
sives stoop to conquer? Did true pat- 
riotism require that greater heed be 
paid to the method of the election 
than to the man elected? In ignoring 
the dis'trict provisions in the advisory 
statute did the progressives prove 
themselves lawless? Did they make 
it manifest that, confronted by an 
emergency, they are no more to be 
trusted than that political machine 
which has for its motto, "Take every 
trick, no matter how so that you get 
it?" It little consoles us that such 
questions are being asked and an- 
swered, injuriously to progressive 
policies, mainly by men who have no 
more political honor than so many 
Chinese pirates, for good men are 
asking the same questions, and with 
misgivings that do honor to their sin- 
cerity if not to their understandings. 
The brave way, now that the fighting 
is over and we may face the issue in 
calmness, is to face it squarely, think 
clearly and abide the verdict whether 
it be for us or against us, else the vic- 
tory won on Tuesday of last week 
may prove to have been dearly 
bought. 



Were the District Manifestly the 
Provisions Law? legislators disre- 
garded the dis- 
trict provisions in that paragraph in 
the direct primary law which 
deals with the advisory vote for 
United States senator else they 
must have elected A. G. Spald- 
ing on first ballot. There 'can- 
not be two opinions about that. Was 
this ignoring of those provisions a 
manifestation of the spirit of lawless 
disregard for inconvenient statutes or 
was it the repudiation by one legis- 
lature of an act of usurpation of au- 
thority on the part of a previous 
legislature? May one legislature as- 
sume to bind the minds and predirect 
the mental processes of the legislature 
that succeeds it? May one legislature 
prescribe how the members of a suc- 
ceeding legislature shall be "advised" 
as to the weight they shall accord the 
decision of a court, the power of the 
press, the sanction of an oath or 
affirmation, the degree of reverential 
regard piously to be entertained for the 
prayer of the chaplain of either cham- 
ber? Manifestly not. Then by what 
shadow of right may one legislature 
assume to dictate to another how it 
shall be "advised" in relation to ex- 
pressions of public sentiment, whether 
by districts, by the state at large, by 
the quality of the vote cast, by its 
paucity or .its generality, its prepon- 
derance or its being in equilibrium? 
The Watchman has. from the opening 
of_ this discussion, held to the doc- 
trine that the' district provisions in 
the "advisory" law were beyond the 



power of one legislature to bind an- 
other and were therefore null, void 
and of no effect, the statute to be 
read as though such provisions were 
not in it. The legislators voting for 
Judge Works appear to have taken 
this view and, in so doing, — in sc 
ignoring such district provisions in 
such statute, — they transgressed no 
law, violated no obligation, legal, 
political or moral. Rather did they 
bravely vindicate their rights as legis- 
lators to legislate in freedom, in re- 
sponsibility to their own consciences, 
in answerability to their constituents 
and to the state rather than in taking 
refuge behind a shield set up for them 
by a previous legislature injuriously 
manipulated in a special interest. Had 
those men allowed themselves to be 
betrayed into voting for an unfit man 
for United States Senator, or for * 
candidate of whose fitness they dia 
not feel assured, they would have 
abdicated a high legislative function 
and, through their subserviency earned 
the contempt of all men who dare to 
be free. These declarations are true 
and every friend tp truth should find 
pleasure in vindicating the conduct of 
our free legislators at all times and 
in all places to the end that the oft 
repeated charge of perfidy made 
against the progressives in the legis- 
lature may be disproved and the cause 
of political progress be saved from 
harm. 



What of the Future of Upon the 
the "Advisory" Law? advisory sta- 
tute as it is 
we shail turn our backs at this ses- 
sion of the legislature. What ought 
the legislature to do? In The Watch- 
man's opinion it ought not to attempt 
to make mandatory that which con- 
stitutionally can be advisory only. It 
ought not to seek to do by indirection 
what it cannot lawfully do directly. 
Any law that is enacted should be for 
the purpose set forth in the present 
statute, to wit: "An advisory vote for 
the purpose of ascertaining the senti- 
ment of the voters in their respective 
senatorial and assembly districts in 
the respective parties," but to avoid 
that uncertainty which must attach to 
an advisory vote, where no one of 
many candidates receives a greatly 
predominating share of the suffrages 
of the people, the two candidates re- 
ceiving the highest vote at the pri- 
mary election should have their names 
placed upon the ballot at the general 
election to the end that the people of 
the state may "advise" the legislators 
which of these two is preferred for 
senatorial honors. If the result b( 
decisive as to one of the candidates 
the legislators will accept the popular 
verdict as being a moral mandate 
from the people. If the vote be close 
the legislators will divide about as the 
people divided and proceed to fulfill 
their constitutional prerogative of 
electing a candidate of their own 
choice. And unless all signs fail of 
foreshadowing the event, by the time 
another United States senator is to 
be elected in California we shall be 
voting on a constitutional amendment, 
submitted by the United States Sen- 
ate itself, providing for the election of 
United States senators by direct vote 
of the people. This will end our pres- 
ent troubles. 



ly worried through iear that the adop- 
tion, oy L.auiorma, 01 tne uregon pri- 
mary pj.an may result in eiecung 
Democrats to office in a Republican 
state, as it has aone in Oregon, ui 
course that wouiu be terrible to con- 
template, and yet tne sorrow 01 it, in 
Uregon, has b'een much assuageu by 
the consciousness that, atter ail, tne 
people ot Uregon elected the men 
ifley wanted both tor governor and 
tor United states senators, albeit they 
were .Democrats elected by Kepubli- 
cans in a Republican state. Uncier tne 
system ot government by special in- 
terests for special interests, of whicn 
the Argonaut is so able and consistent 
an advocate, (,a system tne most 
tundameutal principle of which is that 
the popular will must be subjugated 
and negatived at all times up to the 
verge 01 popular revolution), the fact 
that the people of Uregon elected 
whom they wished to eiect is con- 
clusive evidence that their scheme of 
nomination and election is and must 
be wholly undesirable. But the peo- 
ple of Uregon have not grown restive 
under the existing order and the peo- 
ple of California will not, although 
nack politicians and special interests 
may. The Watchman does not favor 
placing legislators under bond to 
abide the popular will when it has 
been expressed. He is of the opinion 
that the full and free expression of 
that will, when there is such a will, 
will meet all requirements. When 
there is no such will to be expressed 
then the legislators should be left 
free to do representatively what the 
people do not care to do directly. 
Hence statements numbered 1, 2, 3, 
etc., are superfluous and needlessly 
tie the hands of legislators per ad- 
venture. In other words, suppose 
that betwixt the primary and the as- 
sembling of the legislature some suc- 
cessful Lorimer were responsibly ac- 
cused, indicted and, in the public 
mind, convicted of the wrongful use 
of money in procuring his nomina- 
tion, must legislators who had pledged 
themselves in advance to abide the 
result of the advisory vote still abide 
it notwithstanding the injurious ex- 
posures? Let us not go farther than 
we need to. It is essential only that 
the people have a pronounced prefer- 
ence for a particular candidate for 
senatorial honors and the ability to 
make that preference known. The 
"mortal cinch" is for bronchos, not 
men. 



Some Party For instance the patrio- 
Worriments tic editor of the es- 
teemed San Francisco 
Argonaut, the exuberance of whose 
urbanity is at all times much miti- 
gated by the spirit of malice, is great- 



Party Disintegration In our rebel- 
Not Viewed With Joy lion against 
subservien c y 
to party it will not be well for us to 
react to the extent of inviting party 
disintegration. That way lies govern- 
ment by faction, minority government 
with a dismembered majority agree- 
ing in nothing except hostility to the 
faction in power. That makes also 
for instability and lack of continuity 
of policy. We must cling to the ma- 
jority principle in government or 
eventually take our place in that 
brotherhood of malcontent republics 
which now embraces Central and 
South America or, if not so bad as 
that, then range ourselves side by 
side with those quasi-popular govern- 
ments of continental Europe that are 
held together by coalitions of the 
most discordant elements. The most 
serious defect in our direct primary 
law is that it permits nomination by 
small pluralities. That is unsound. If 
suffered to endure it will make mis- 
chief. Some reasonable percentage 
should be placed upon the minority 



that can nominate. If we cannot se- 
cure the nomination of our first 
choice then, in the interests of sta- 
bility and party integrity and as a 
safeguard against government by fac- 
tion, we must make a virtue of the 
necessity and by some form of prefer- 
ential voting make our second or our 
third choice our first. The "Will of 
the People," means the will of the 
effective' majority of the people and 
if we preserve government by majority 
we shall preserve government by the 
majority party and that will mean 
stable government and free govern- 
ment, too, if we take care to make 
party government as representative as 
other government. We must have 
liberty, but it must be a regulated 
and tolerant liberty and not a liberty 
of faction and caprice. 



Reconstruction of Nothing else 
the Federal Brigade contained in 
the keynote ad- 
dress of Judge Works impressed The 
Watchman quite as favorably as his 
declaration that he would do all he 
can to purge the federal brigade in 
California from all Southern Pacific 
taint. The federal brigade in Califor- 
nia has been a humiliation to the 
state. Scarcely a member of it but 
was a Southern Pacifican before he 
was a Californian and all during 
Roosevelt's presidency that brigade 
was openly or covertly opposed to 
Roosevelt and the Roosevelt policies. 
The members of it were and are re- 
actionaries almost to a man. They 
have worked hand in glove with Her- 
rin in state politics and in national. 
There needs to be a first class "clear'n 
out" in that brigade both in the in- 
terests of the federal administration 
and in the interests of California. In 
so far as President Taft has appeared 
•to be reactionary he has had the sup- 
port of the federal brigade in Califor- 
nia, but in so far as he has stood for 
the Roosevelt policies in spirit and 
truth there has been throughout that 
brigade little response to his leader- 
ship. Ballingerism has been good 
enough for them. How Judge Works 
will get on with his benign and 
oleaginous colleague remains to be 
seen. If insurgency gain the whip 
hand so that to be an insurgent is 
the way to "get things" for his state 
Judge Works will find his brand of 
insurgency tame and tasteless com- 
pared with that of the senior_ senator. 
Otherwise it will be otherwise. Let 
him beware of treacle and pin his 
faith to the riot act. 

PURITAS 

DISTILLED WATER 

PURE 

WHOLESOME 

HEALTHFUL 

FIVE GALLONS, 40 CENTS 

Delivered within the old city 
boundary lines. 

Los Angeles Ice & 
Cold Storage Co. 

Phone Home 10053; Sunset 

Main 8191 I 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




fT HE DATA for this depart- 
^ ment is supplied from the 
statistical bureau of the Munici- 
pal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor 
any other has any control over, 
or is in any way responsible for, 
the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Frequency of Charter Amendment: 
A bill has been introduced in the 

iiure submitting to the people 

next general election the repeal 

of the provision of the state constitu- 

hat forbids charter amendment 
- than once in two years. This 
• iry change, applying 
particularly to i if Los An- 

As tlie matter now stands, 
and uniess this repeal carries, we shall 
not bz able to make any changes in 
our charter for tour years. Through 
delays, more or less inevitable, we 
have come to the extreme edge of the 
legislative session. Under the law 
there is a large amount of red tape 
connected with the amendment of 
charters, and in the case of cities 
that have fall elections and that de- 
-ire to double lip the charter amend- 
ment vote with the regular poll, the 

.ends to move along each year 
until 'filially it falls within the two 
year limit and this forestalls change 
until four y-ears have passed. The 
present law is utterly senseless, be- 
cause it would be impossible for 
amendments to be adopted oftener 
than once in two years anyway as the 
Legislature, which must pass on all 
amendments, meets only at two year 
intervals. 



Alice Willard Sollenberger: Accord- 
ing to the "Survey," the best author- 
ity nn the American tramp, since 
"Josiah Flynt," whose true name was 
Josiah Flynt Willard, passed away, 
was Alice Willard Sollenberger of 
Philadelphia, who died in that city 
lasl month; Ernest P. Bicknell tells 
in a recent number of the "Survey" 
how Mrs. Sollenberger, then Miss 
Alice Willard, came to study the 
tramp and his ways. She was for a 
number of years in charge of the de- 
partment of Vagrant Men in the As- 
sociated Charities of Chicago — a most 
singular line of work for a young 
woman whom he describes as "cheer- 
ful, attractive, fun-loving and wholly 
normal." As Chicago is the general 
center for the tramp industry of the 
United States, and as Miss Willard 
had, so the article states, a "confi- 
dence impelling power" together with 
a keen sense of truth, and as she made 
;i business, through a series of years, 
of keeping thorough records of her 
work, it is not strange that she be- 
came a recognized authority. At the 
time of her death Mrs. Sollenberger 
was just finishing a book on the 
American tramp written for the Sage 
Foundation. Mrs. Alice Willard 
Sollenberger was a sister of C. D. 
Willard of the Pacific Outlook. 

Disposal of City's Dead: Advocates 

of cremation may have the best of 
the argument, but it will take the bet- 
ter part of a century to bring every- 
body to their way of thinking. In the 
meantime what is to be done with the 
dead of the great cities, for whom in- 
creasing areas of land must be re- 
served — and wasted? Mr. Carlton 
Strong, a Pittsburg architect, claims 
that they can be best cared for in 



sepulchres, above ground. He 
signed a building, as an cx- 
tvhat can be done, that will 
bold 

lUrld 200 feet square. 

This id for 

for a 
little over t»" yen- Mr. Strong 
that such a structure could be 
made of great architectural beauty 
and of lasting materials at a CO 
the families using it for intermi n 
than burial lots in an ordinary ceme- 
tery. It would of course be abso- 
lutely sanitary, as the receptacles 
could be hermetically sealed. The 
only possible danger on that score 
might be from earthquakes. 



and will presently be tried oat in the 
■courts. 



The Fence That Conveyed a Moral: 

When President Taft met President 
Diaz at El Paso the spot selected i<>r 
the event was on the borderline be- 
tween the two countries, for it was a 
tradition in both that the president 
should not leave his national soil. 
Now it happened that this particular 
[dace was in the shim district that lies 
partly in El Paso and partly in Paso 
del Norte on the Mexican side. It 
was a filthy, noisome and altogether 
impossible neighborhood, and it would 
never do for a background to so his- 
toric an event. What was to be done? 
Easy enough. Build some high fences 
to hide the horror. It was done — by 
the local coni'inittee of management — 
and the sensibilities of two great men 
escaped being disturbed. But the 
slum was still there, and is still there. 
That is very like the way we have 
treated the slum and sundry other 
evils in our big cities. 



Report on Telephone Rates: The 

public utilities committee of the Chi- 
cago council has for some time had 
under consideration a request from 
the telephone company (Bell system) 
that it be allowed to increase its 
rate, claiming that it was nearly a 
million dollars short in its income of 
the amount needed to nay fair divi- 
dends on a just capitalization. The 
committee emnloyed the leading ex- 
pert of the Wisconsin Utilities Com- 
mission to give a report on the ques- 
tion. He finds that the alleged assets 
are ten per cent too high, that part 
of the income is paid to a subsidiary 
company without adequate return, and 
that even accepting the company's 
own figures it is paying 8 per cent 
dividends. He recommends a reduc- 
tion instead of an increase. 



Automobile Smoke: All European 
cities and New York, Boston and 
many American cities now have ordi- 
nances forbidding drivers of automo- 
biles to poison the air of streets with 
fumes. A well run machine in proper 
order gives out no fumes that will 
trouble anyone, but carelessness on 
the nart of the driver or certain kinds 
of disarrangement in the machinery 
will cause an automobile to throw out 
a villainous, blue smoke that is dan- 
gerous to inhale and is, the medical 
neople tell us, a frequent cause of 
throat trouble. The attention of 
health authorities should be directed 
to this matter. 



Segregation of Races: There have 
been so manv rows in Baltimore over 
regrnes moving into white neighbor- 
hoods that the city has adopted an 
ordinance forbiddine whites to move 
into a block a majority of whose oc- 
cupants arc colored, and forbidding 
to move into a block the ma- 
jority of whose occupants are white. 
The legality of this law is disputed. 



A Woman Mayor: The town of 
m in Lancashin id, has 

.■man mayor. M rs. Cha 
who is held in m lo- 

Fi r lur benefactions and for her 
practical work in education and in 
civic improvement. She gave 11 
acres of land in the city for a play- 
ground ami was instrumental in se- 
curing playgrounds and parks in all 
ted regions. 



At 50 Degrees Below Zero: Fire 
fighting in Alaska is not the midsum- 
mer picnic that it is in Southern Cali- 
fornia. Nine buildings were recently 
destroyed at Fairbanks in the north- 
ern territory, and the fight against 
the fire was waged with the thermo- 
meter at 50 degrees below zero. The 
water froze before it could be thrown 
on the flames. Many of the firemen 
suffered amputation of toes and fin- 
gers. 



Urban Population Figures: More 
than 30 per cent of the 92,000.000 of 
the people of this country live in 
cities of 25,000 or more. There are 
228 cities of that class, of which 19 
have a population in excess of a quar- 
ter of a million, and fifty in excess of 
100,000. The census of smaller cities 
has not been icompleted yet, but it 
will probably show about 40 per cent 
of the total population are in cities 
of 8000 or over. 



Duluth Wants Commission: The 
joint committee of city council and 
Chamber of Commerce of Duluth, ap- 
pointed to investigate the merits of 
the commission plan, have reported 
strongly in favor of the change, on 
the score of economy, efficiency and 
the abolition of cheap politics. 



State Housing Law: Indiana has 
tackled the slum question as a state 
instead of waiting for municipalities 
to act upon it as a local issue. An 
investigation made in advance of the 
passage of the law showed that nearly 
every city in the state had slum areas 
with very bad hygienic conditions. It 
is no different from other states in 
that matter, however. 

Where Our Roads Are to Run: 

State Road-builder Ellery savs that 
the primary purpose of the $18,000.- 
000 act is to supply the state with 
two main highways, one through the 
San Joaquin and the other along the 
coast connecting the county seats of 
all the counties through which they 
pass. 



Road Buildine in Maryland: Under 
a loan of $5,000,000 Maryland is build- 
ing about 400 miles of roads. Con- 
tracts have been let for 190 miles, and 
about 90 -miles have been accepted. 
The work of the state has greatly 
stimulated road work by the counties. 



Naticnal Highway System: John 
Brisben Walker, former editor of the 

Cosmopolitan, is agitating for a sys- 
tem of national highways from Atlan- 
tic to Pacific and from the Gulf to 
Seattle. Los Angeles is included in 
his plat. He thinks they should be 
built of cement. 

Zco'essness Ceases: For a long 
l*me Ronton has been the only large 
rity in the country without a "zoo." 

\n anoroorial >f $119,000 has been 

provided in this year's budget to pro- 
vide an aquarium and a zoological 
garden for that city. 



Spotless-town in Texas: Hubl 

Texas, i> a city ■■: 2000 population 

Mayor claims that it is the 

cleanest in the CO ir he 

1 a prize of $1000 to anyone who 

ii n J a lly in the city — ani 



Forbids Re-election: Topeka. 
sas, is under the commission form of 
government. Its present mayor is 
urging the adoption of an amendment 
extending the term of commissioners 
to four years and forbidding their re- 
eli i lion. 



London "Bobbies": The police force 
of London costs about $8,000,000 a 
year to maintain and includes IS, 657 
men. 



<^V*^^ 



317-325 
So.Br dadway 




314-322 

So, Hill Strest 



A. FU8ENOT CO. 



Semi-Annual 
Clearance 

Now Going On 

^THIS sale is in- 
^ augurated to 
quickly dispose of 
all broken lines and 
odds and ends at 
greatly reduced 
prices before in- 
voicing. 

If you have been waiting for 
bargains, now is the time to se- 
cure them throughout the store. 
Especial mention is made of 

Reduced Prices on 

Suits, Dresses 

and Coats 

Savings range from 14 to r 

FURS l /3 LESS 



AND I LLU-S TRATION J 




PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



A New Order of Things 



California Is Being Born Again — Old 
Leaders Giving Way to the New. 

By the Doorkeeper 
Sacramento, Cal., Jan. 17. 

The political atmosphere in Sacra- 
mento was never before quite so clear 
as now. One fond of witnessing i 
fight from a safe vantage point at a 
press desk is apt to be disappointed 
this year. There will be no fight, but 
there will be seen some punishment. 

"We are going to get what we want 
too easily to suit me," said one of the 
militant "progressive" Senators to me 
an hour or two after the election of 
Judge Works to the United States 
Senate. "I felt like getting in and 
fighting. I came here hoping to make 
a re'cord as a belligerent insurgent. 
But I find that things are going right 
so surely that it threatens to become 
monotonous — except for the work in- 
volved." 

Job Holders Trembling 

In his pointed address to the joint 
legislature on the occasion of the 
formal ratification of the vote which 
overwhelmed him into the United 
States Congress, Senator-elect Works 
caused the old-line "regulars" like 
Wolfe and Wright to sit back and do 
some hard thinking. Judge Works 
made it very plain that he intended 
to co-operate with Governor Johnson 
in the latter's determination to "kick 
the Southern Pacific out of politics in 
California." 

"The Governor of this state has de- 
clared his intention of casting out all 
of these interests and influences from 
offices of this state," said he. "Pre- 
cisely the same thing should be done 
with respect to the federal offices in 
this state. They are infested and cor- 
rupted by the servants of the interests. 
For one it is my purpose to aid Gov- 
ernor Johnson in his efforts to re- 
deem this great state of ours from 
corrupt politics and to make merit 
and competency alone the basis of 
appointments to office, and I will do 
everything in my power to establish 
this same standard that he has raised, 
in the making of federal appointments, 
and to root out of the public service 
men who have secured their places as 
a reward for helping to degrade and 
pollute the politics of the state." 

During the delivery of the early 
portions of the address Senator Wolfe, 
machine leader from San Francisco, 
beamed. When Judge Works reached 
what he had to say about federal pa- 
tronage Wolfe unbeamed. His face 
was sufficient index to his thoughts. 
Perhaps visions of General George . 
Stone, Cornelius Pendleton and other 
faithful adherents of the old regime 
gazing hungrily through the want ad 
columns of the newspapers flitted 
before him. Perhaps he fancied he 
already heard the snap and roaring 
crash following the tumbling of the 
pillars of the decaying structure built 
up during long years of political de- 
bauchery. At any rate, whatever his 
fancy conjured within the range of his 
eyes and his ears, he looked as I can 
easily imagine Belshazzar looked in 
that fateful moment when the mys- 
terious mural decoration appeared. 
He was reading the handwriting on 
the wall — but he needed no inter- 
preter. The machine has learned the 
sound of a death-knell. 

Character of Committees 

The personnel of the standing com- 
mittees apoointed by Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Wallace in the Senate and 
Soeaker Hewitt in the Assembly is in- 
dicative of the spirit which actuates 
the official heads of both branches of 
the Legislature. The old leaders have 
not yet recovered from .the stunning 
blow their cause has thereby received. 



Much depends upon the make-up of 
committees. This point was brought 
out and emphasized during the cam- 
paign. With a committee the ma- 
jority of which is inimical to progress 
a good measure, no matter how 
strongly it may be demanded by the 
people, may easily be done to death. 
Nothing but an insistent public 
clamor can save a bill unfavorably re- 
ported or emasculated by an unfriend- 
ly committee. One needs but to re- 
vert to the terrific struggle over the 
anti-racetrack gambling bill and the 
outrageous direct primary bill during 
the session two years ago to compre- 
hend the great necessity for good 
committees, if the demands of the 
people are to be expeditiously 
granted. 

Two years ago Senator Charles W. 
Bell of Pasadena, progressive Repub- 
lican, was barred from the Republican 
caucus by the vote of the machine 
Senators. Abner Weed, about whose 
political career the least that is said 
the better, was appointed chairman of 
the important committee on public 
morals bv Warren Porter, over whose 
record also we will draw the mantle 
nf charity. This year President Wal- 
lace named Bell chairman of the com- 
mittee on public morals, and Bell's as- 
sociates ejected him chairman of the 
body which repudiated him two years 
ago. 

In the Assembly Speaker Hewitt 
willingly deferred to the wishes of the 
progressives and named Prescott F. 
Cogswell of El Monte chairman of 
the most important committee of the 
lower house, that on wavs and means. 
Two years ago Cogswell was honored 
by Speaker Stanton by appointment 
to committees on the condition of 
town numos, parking the capital lawn, 
or something of about equal import- 
ance. Assemblyman Cogswell is real- 
lv one of the most valuable men in 
either house, and the honor 'conferred 
upon him is a nerfect fit. 

And so on, down the list, the most 
imonrtant committees are in the 
hands of men deemed by both presid- 
ing" officers to be most highly quali- 
fied to perform the tasks allotted to 
them. This means progress. There 
w'" be no reaction in the thirty-ninth 
session. 

Taking a Back Seat 

It is hisrhly edifying to note the 
way in which certain of the old lead- 
ers, in most cases legacies handed 
down bv the nrevious Senate, are be- 
ing divorced from the egotistical idea 
that they have inherited some sort of 
rio-bt to act as mentors and guardians 
nf the freshman class. Hardly a week 
had elansed before thev realized that 
not only were their services in this di- 
rection not demanded bv the exigencies 
of the occasion, no exigencies exist- 
ing. h"t that in some cases they were 
actually being earved — verv eently 
and in a verv sentlemanlv and states- 
manlike manner, it is true, but never- 
theless guved — by some of the 
'tvroes." For examole, there is Sena- 
tor Leslie R. Hewitt, a green man — 
"•■-een in point of actual service only. 
The old leadcs quit patronizing him 
before h<* had romfortably warmed 
his seat in the front row. 

Two vears asrn Senator Hewitt, then 
citv attorney of Los Angeles, was 
called to Sacramento to see that the 
charter amendments were nut in ship- 
shape. It was a great schooling for 
him. It did not take him long to 
"catch on." When he came hack as 
Senator he knew pretty well what was 
^xoecfed of him. and he began his 
first dav's work by living up to ex- 
pectations. 

And so with Senator Lee C- Gates. 



He emerged from the tyro stage in 
about ihree days. Senator Gates, by 
the way made a tremendous hit with 
his speech nominating Judge Works 
for the United States Senate. It has 
been many years since such eloquence 
has been hard in either house. Even 
Senator Wolfe felt impelled to refer 
to him as a Daniel Webster. I be- 
lieve this was one of the times when 
the machine war-horse was sincere. 
His words sounded like it. Gates 
logically and inevitably has become 
the floor leader of the progres-sives in 
the Senate. The other fellows won't 
try to fool with him. They recognize 
the real thing in a leader when they 
see it. 

Propelling the Boot 

To get back to the tragedy of the 
Southern Pacific: Governor Johnson 
is going down the line as rapidly as 
he can travel making good his promise 
to the people to kick the old machine 
out of politics in California. He has 
begun what undoubtedly will be the 
most complete and effective clean-up 
in the political history of any state. 
He means business. None of the ma- 
chine henchmen now expect anything 
except complete annihilation of their 
forces, so far as they are subject to 
executive orders. The Governor evi- 
dently does not intend to stop until the 
last rat has been kiljed and all the 
holes plugged. Then he will destroy 
the nests, fumigate the places where 
they were located and put watch-dogs 
on guard. 

Oh, it is a bully fight, just as he 
declared it would be when he was 
shooting about the state in his red 
automobile. And every day the faces 
of his supporters assume broader pro- 
portions on horizontal lines. 

Railroad Regulation 

The administration railroad regula- 
tion measure unquestionably will go 
through with no material alteration. 
It is even hinted that the railroad law- 
yers, realizing how futile their task 
would be, have abandoned the idea of 
making a fight against it. Its provis- 
ions have been discussed in the daily 
papers and doubtless are familiar to 
most readers of the Pacific Outlook. 

Railroad regulation laws in the past 
have been ciphers because the rail- 
road commission, intrusted with au- 
thority to see that such laws were 
executed, has played tiddledywinks 
and cashed pay checks rather than do- 
ing anything resembling actual work. 

Things are different now. Of the 
three members of the commission 
two, Eshleman and Gordon, are regu- 
lar work-eaters. The third, Loveland, 
is going to be good. And, too, the 
commission has a live wire in its sec- 
retary, Charles R. Detrick, and a 
man, who knows the difference be- 
tween a railroad tariff and a 'hotel bill 
of fare. There have been secretaries 
and commissioners who. if they were 
thus wise, never let anybody know it. 
And so, I say, the administration bill, 
enacted into law, will be inforced, and 
intelligently. 

Yes, a new order of things political 
has been established in California. 



Not only has the dominant party been 
born again, but the State undergoeth 
travail. 



LA FOLLETTE'S DELEGATE 
PLAN 



Senator La Follette's proposal that 
Wisconsin shall elect delegates to na- 
tional conventions by direct vote at 
the primaries and his recommendation 
that like steps be taken in every state 
has much to commend it. It ought to 
work out better than the Oregon plan 
of having each voter designate his 
personal choice for the presidency, 
which is likely to cause much con- 
fusion and eventually that almost 
every state would vote for a favorite 
son. In such event the situation 
would be just to the liking of the 
political manipulators and make easy 
running for almost any dark horse 
that the "interests" might want to 
put forward. Combinations that could 
not help but be detrimental to the 
whole people would have to be made 
in order to insure a nomination. 

Possibly there also would be con- 
fusion under the La Follette plan, but 
the nation would have conventions 
made up of men who come directly 
empowered by the people and not 
picked out by those in power to do 
their bidding. It at least ought to 
give each party a convention where 
contests would be practically impos- 
sible and there would not be the spec- 
tacle of the "steam roller" as it was 
used in the last Republican conven- 
tion in Chicago. It always has been 
the rule that soon as one faction dis- 
covered it was in control of the ma- 
chinery it has unseated .unfriendly 
delegations to make room for others 
who would vote according to orders. 
Under the La Follette plan it would 
be impossible to exclude entire state 
delegations to make room for others 
past, and even by the peerless Bryan, 
who secured his seat in the Chicago 
convention of 1896 as a member of a 
contesting delegation. — Los Angeles 
Herald. 



"How do you distinguish the 
waiters from the guests in this cafe? 
Both wear full dress." 

"Yes, but the waiters keep sober!" 
—Cleveland Leader. 



Three-Story Brick 

WAREHOUSE 

For 

LEASE or SALE 

BUILDING 100x140 
LOT 128x128 

Southern Pacific Switch 

FRANK HERON 
301 Grant Bldg. 



■ 

v. 



REMOVAL SALE 

Pianos and Player Pianos 

Before moving to our new Broadway building present assortments of 
high grade instruments must be disposed of. Heavy discounts have 
been made on our regular standard agencies. If you intend buying a 
Piano or Player Piano this is your opportunity. Come in and get full 
information — prices and terms. 

f*i*m. f Ttl-uArrA C*s*. Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealers 
lieO. J . iSlFKei L*0. 345-347 S. Spring St. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



"The Wrong Mr. Wright" 



ds for 

Jhc man w • icr man n 

:«rthcr for 

Ihcir cxcm; Mcs — 

■ this way, ladies and 

gentlemen, right into the Senate 

Chamber, E 

recn befoi 
and gaze up the central aisle, midway 
sk; and observe 
the lank and lurid form of Leroy A 
t, the original "in wrong," non- 
ius specimen being 
the only known now in existence with 
exactly this coloration and contour. 
This, ladies and gentlemen, is the ex- 
emplification whereof we spoke; this 
is Unutterable Sadnesss in the flesh, 
the true species of Patience on a 
Monument, Smiling at Grief, Napoleon 
at St. Helena, Prometheus on the 
Rock, and Robison Crusoe, all in one 
and visible for the price of one ad- 
mission. 

Truly, 'tis a melancholy sight. Noth- 
ing more so, no. not even a Pinchot 
conservation picture of the umbrage- 
ous forest "after taking" the Walker 
forest cure, nor a Hcrpicide ad before 
the final spiral roofing of the dome of 
thought has curled its last farewell 
and Fate whispers "too, too late." 
The umbrageousness that here flow- 
ered a brief two years ago, flowers 
still, minus only the "ous," which 
makes the following lucid and simple 
algebraic formula: "umbrageousness 
minus 'ous' equals umbrage." That is 
the answer. Umbrage is left, and its 
name is Leroy A. Wright. Note the 
facile but unwilling smile, and scoff 
who can. 

It all happened thusish, as Elbert 
Hubbard would say, if he had thought 
of it first: This man Wright was 
ranked as a performer at the begin- 
ning of the session of 1909, and at the 
end of the session he was still a per- 
former, but just a rank or two rank- 
er, than Porter, the original perform- 
er. Tie is the individual who sudden- 
ly decided that the Stetson Railroad 
Regulation bill was not exactly the 
sort of reform measure demanded by 
the State, and who consequently, at 
the eleventh hour, introduced a little 
substitute measure of his own, dashed 
off impromptu, so to speak (dashed 
off from San Francisco by deadhead 
special train, according to common 
helief) which should save the people 
from the impending disaster of the 
Stetson bill. This touching little 
effusion was accepted at once by the 
legislature, and subsequently was dis- 
covered to -contain more bugs than 
now infest the executive mansion (To 
Let. terms reasonable). 

A sigh at once arose from the 
progressive camp, similar in all re- 
spects to that one breathed by Bill 
Nye in the direction of Truthful 
Tames when Ah Sim laid down his 
right bow-er, "which the same Nye had 
dealt unto me." The progressives re- 
marked in perfectly plain language 
that "this fellow is all Wright, he has 
handed us a bouquet of lemons, but 
we will make him feel like the duce 
of the cluhbed before we get through 
with him," note the accent. Where- 
upon they went for the aforesaid 
lank and lurid form. 

Rut they went a few moments too 
late. From Sacramento to San Diego 
, is several drinks further than from 
Caminetti to high C. and the effect of 
this fact was that the true status of 
one L. A. Wright Hid not percolate to 
her perfumed shores quite soon 
enough to prevent him from getting 
his usual ^ass-age on the Southern 
• Pacific to Sacramento for the session 
of 1911, this year of grace. 



how different this northward 
flight «c of old. How far 

more i.ipidly than in the days of yore 
meter fell as Lcr 
iproached the capital. Ky 
the lime he reached the Hotel Sacra- 
ment o, Wright's form was shrouded 
in fur.-; when he took up the pi 

■ ok's hand 
North Pole than 
his; when he -laid down that pen, hoar 
frost lay on it. Twas a chilly day 
for the Wright family when Lei 
came to town. 

In olden tragedy, the strain 

by the Comic Relief. Lear 
had his Tom-a'cold, Wright had his 
Spalding. For one glad hour the lob- 
by throbbed as the old hero of the 
diamond, followed by his fans, struck 
out. But then they lit out, and Wright 
was left alone. Since then — well, 
take another glance up that central 
aisle, and see what you shall see. 
The wind-swept pine, the solitary 
captive, the grand and gloomy and 
peculiar, sadly arises and paws the 
ambient air (whatever in thunder that 
is) and seats himself again in silence, 
resuming where he left off the light 
luncheon he hourly partakes from the 
ends of his intensive moustache. Do 
these, his fellow tribunes, hear and 
heed? Men and brethren, in deepest 
confidence and on the deadest dead 
low-down, they do not. They do not 
give a tinker's damaged forceps what 
Mr. Wright may say, and sadly Mr. 
Wright, the same he knows it. Here, 
at least, we pause to lay the passing 
tribute of a tear upon his -case; in 
justice we will say he has the nerve 
to go stolidly to the slaughter every 
time he sees a chance for immolation 
(good word: forgotten I had it). From 
the rusting wreck of the dead ma- 
chine he plucks, now a broken spoke, 
anon a twisted rod, of parliamentary 
armament, and marches to the hope- 
less fray. But it is such lonesome, ah, 
how wearily, drearily, deadly lone- 
some work. Withdraw your eyes in 
charity, and let fall the veil. Honest, 
it's tough. Wright? — it is to laugh. 



A STRAP HANGER ABROAD 



The Los Angeles Express publish- 
ed recently under this heading, some 
observations' of their special 'corre- 
spondent in Washington upon this 
serious nuisance to the public. The 
article follows: 

The federal government, through 
its consular service, has been investi- 
gating the strap-hanger question. It 
finds that on the municipally-owned 
street car lines of Liverpool, Birm- 
ingham, Manchester, Leeds, Belfast, 
Marseilles, Brussels, Berlin and Mos- 
cow, all noted for the low fares 
charged the public and for the large 
profits turned into the various city 
treasuries, there are almost no strap- 
hangers. In fact, it is generally true 
that any conductor who permits his 
car to be overcrowded is subject to 
heavy punishment. 

"There is almost entire absence of 
excessive overcrowding of street cars 
in this city," says the report from 
Liverpool, "even during the opening 
and closing business hours of the 
day, when traffic is heaviest. This 
problem has been met and satisfac- 
torily dealt with by the local authori- 
ties, who have placed upon the vari- 
ous lines no less than 68 per cent 
additional cars during the rushhours. 
The conductors become proficient in 
estimating the number of persons 
who have boarded a car and, when 
filled, the gate is closed and no more 
passengers can enter until some of 
those on board get off." 

"Standing in a street car is spe- 
cifically prohibited," says the official 



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report from Birmingham. "A few 
straps hang from the top of the cars, 
but only to assist passengers in get- 
ting on and off. The ordinances of 
the city permit the police to regulate 
the loading of cars, and passengers 
enter by the front door and leave by 
the rear. When a car has its quota 
the motorman draws a chain across 
the entrance and nobody is permitted 
to get on board until a seat is empty." 

In Manchester there are no -strap- 
hangers, and the number allowed in 
a car would certainly astonish an 
American. During rush hours and 
in hot weather, says Consul Howe, 
"four persons are permitted to stand 
in a smal car and six in a large car, 
after all the seats are occupied." 

"In this city," reports Consul Chase 
of Leeds, "the street car service is 
augmented three times a day by add- 
ing about 30 per cent more cars than 
are in use during the rest of the time. 
Standing in the interior of the car 
is allowed to the extent of eight per- 
sons over the number of seats pro- 
vided, namely 58. Straps are pro- 
vided for such persons and for con- 
venience in walking through the 
car." 

Belfast, and in fact all the munici- 
pal lines in Ireland, have rules against 
crowding, although in some of the 
cars in Belfast, under certain circum- 
stances, conductors are permitted to 
allow 16 persons to stand in a car 
after all the seats are filled. Over- 
crowding is prevented by the conduc- 
tor shutting his door wben the cars 
have a legal load. 

In Marseilles the French are report- 
ed as having organized a splendid 
car service, and no people are per- 
mitted to stand in those portions of 
the cars where people are seated. 
But the cars have a large standing 
space in the open at the rear. Each 
car bears a plain placard stating how 
many passengers it may carry, and 
the consul says the straight fare any- 
where within the city limits is 1.93 
cents. 

Consul-General Ethelbert. at Brus- 
sels, declares the entire absence of 
overcrowding. "It is strictly pro- 
hibited and does not occur," he re- 
ports. "The number of passengers 
a car may carry is restricted by the 
city regulations, enforced by the con- 
ductors and the oolice. These regula- 
tions delay traffic to a certain extent, 
hut during rush hours sufficient extra 
cars are run to meet the demand." 

In Berlin the regulations are also 
very strict. Police rules governing 
the number of seats and standing 
room spaces — rarely erceeding seven 
— must be posted in conspicuous 
places on the cars. On account of 
bad weather, or parades, or public 
festivities, or funerals, a few extra 
persons mr'v he carried. Violations 
of these rules CO st the violator $14. 

"The superiority of the street car 



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lines of Moscow is apparent to the 
casual visitor," says Consul-General 
Snodgrass, with some pride. "The 
cars seat 26 persons with standing 
room for eight passengers on the rear 
platform of the trailer. No one is per- 
mitted to remain standing in the cars 
or take advantage of the straps, nor 
can the front platform be occupied. 
Whenever a car has its quota of pas- 
sengers the gates are closed, and any 
passenger who disregards the rules is 
handed over to a policeman." 



ANNUAL REPORT OF GRAVES 
DISPENSARY 



A report has just been issued on the 
Selwyn Emmett Graves Memorial Dis- 
pensary for the year ending October 
1. 1910. This dispensary is a part of 
the State University and is located at 
737 North Broadway. 

The figures presented show that 
over 7000 different poor people who 
were sick were treated at this dis- 
pensary last year, and with returning 
patients the total figures exceeded 
000. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



"TEACHING A CITY" 



CHARLES FARWELL EDSON 
ADDRESSES CITY CLUB— RE- 
CEPTION TO SENATOR- 
ELECT WORKS 

Charles Farwell Edson, member of 
the City Planning Commission, ad- 
dressed the City Club at its regular 
weekly luncheon, at the Hotel West- 
minster last Saturday, on the subject, 
"Teaching a City." The program in- 
cluded, also, an informal reception to 
Senator-Elect John D. Works, who 
made a short address. 

Mr. Edson's address was as follows: 

"Mr. President and gentlemen: "I 
■ appreciate that the fulfilment of ideas 
is always of more importance than 
the broaching of the idea itself, and 
you men of the City Club have seen 
the fruition of your hopes along cer- 
tain lines in the election of a United 
States Senator by the people. You 
listened a week ago to one of the 
finest addresses that it has ever been 
my pleasure to listen to on 'The City.' 

"Lawrence Hope says, in one of the 
masterpieces of the English language: 
" 'Men should be judged, not by their 

tint of skin, 
The gods they serve, the vintage that 

they drink 
Or by the way they fight, or love, or 
sin, 

But by the quality of thought they 
think.' 

"The city is made up of each in- 
dividual in the city, each individual 



interest and each individual regard for 
the city and we have come in the lat- 
ter part of the nineteenth century and 
the beginning of the twentieth cen- 
tury to realize the adaptability of the 
Populist ideas of the initiative, refer- 
endum and recall, yes, I say Populist. 
Now, all of you Populists here have 
these reforms, the initiative, referen- 
dum and recall, and must go the next 
step, which is the teaching of a city. 
If it had not been for you men here 
in Los Angeles who made this the 
first free city in America there would 
have been no free State of California. 

What a Free City Means 

"But in order to reap the benefits 
of this free city we must teach all 
men and women from all quarters of 
the earth what it means to live in a 
free city and what are the applications 
and duties of a citizen in a free city. 

"Many of you doubtless know the 
Mayor appointed a City Planning 
Commission. Do any of you appre- 
ciate what that means to the city of 
Los Angeles? I have not seen any 
of you at our meetings and we have 
received no communi'cation from any- 
one although we have asked for such 
from anyone who has any suggestions 
as to what Los Angeles should be 
when it has a population of two mil- 
lion people, which we should plan for 
now, not when we have the two mil- 
Hon. That is part of the teaching of 
a city. What does a business corpor- 
ation do when they want to enlarge 
their business or start into business? 
What did the steel corporation do, at 



Gary? It built a whole city just for 
the purpose of business. 

Co-operation Lacking 

"We have in this city here all the 
interests and instruments with which 
to work but there is no co-relation 
between the departments of the city. 
I don t mean the business part of the 
city; I mean the people who are work- 
ing for the betterment of the city. 
You have the women's clubs, the Im- 
provement Associations, the Sym- 
phony Orchestra and the public li- 
braries all working their individual 
ways but there is no corporation, — 
nothing drawing them together. The 
city of Los Angeles has the most 
magnificent deep water harbor of the 
world if she would but use it. But 
there is already some discussion and 
some suggestions that the most valu- 
able piece of frontage we have now, 
the Huntington fill, which is eighty- 
five acres of land right on the deep 
water, where, with little work and ex- 
penditure, you can bring the biggest 
vessels in the world right to the city's 
wharves, — that that most valuable 
piece of frontage shall be used by tne 
fishermen to dry their nets and make 
a fisherman's wharf, so that when the 
cities of the world send their citizens 
and their emigrants, when those peo- 
ple come into Los Angeles they will 
see the fishermen drying their nets on 
the most valuable place. I don't 
think the city intends to do that but 
we hear a good deal of talk that this 
is a good thing to do. 

Chicago's City Plan 

"Chicago spent two years ana 
seventy-five thousand dollars in cash 
in simply drawing up a plan for 
Greater Chicago. 'They sent experts 
all over the world to find out what 
could be done, and a plan has been 
completed that, in its working out, 
will take at least fifty years. They 
have followed along the lines of 
European cities which have made a 



success of city planning. If it is good 
business for a city vhich is as well 
established as Chicago to build itself 
anew, with a plan that is going to 
cost millions of dollars, isn't it an in- 
finitely better proposition for usi who 
are in the making, to plan for the fu- 
ture so that when we. are a larger 
city we will have everything laid out 
along the lines that we wish this city 
to grow? 

Advertising as a Medium of Conserv- 
ing the Public Health 

"The Board of Health in Chicago 
has at its head a man who believes in 
the modern methods of advertising in 
order to teach the people of the city 
how to live. In the bulletin from the 
Board of Health of the city of Chi- 
cago for the week ended December 
31, 1910, is a little line entitled, 'Just 
a Jingle.' 

"'A walk of a mile in the open air 
Will save you more than your nickel 

fare, 
For in God's out-doors the air is 

good; 
It will clear your brain and redden 

your blood 
And bring you more vigor and health 

by far 
Than you can possibly get in any old 
car.' 

"I will read you a short extract 
from this bulletin: 

" 'Pneumonia killed 161 people in 
Chicago last week, 151 the preceding 
week and a total of 729 for the clos- 
ing month of the year. 

" 'It is our belief that the trans- 
portation companies must be charged 
with a full -measure of responsibility 
for the 1,483 lives that have been lost 
during the past three months by the 
king of dirty-air diseases. 

'"Time was when the Department 
charged pneumonia almost solely to 
the hibernating habits of the average 
flat dweller. But in the light of re- 




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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



tudirs and observations it must 
'•rutted that for down:: 
•'ger from foul and . 
ic cars on the 

:e and elevated, have 
I. unventilatcd flat 

- in Chicago, in 

I all kind*. 

the time, for the 

i people are learning 

death. Thousands of 

are sleeping every night now 

Irooms with wide open windows 

and are healthy and happy because 

they have learned that Fresh, Pure 

Air is Life.' 

"That is the Board of Health of the 
if Chicago trying to teach the 
people how to live. We have plenty 
of fresh, pure air here but we must 
teach the use of it to those who are 
making this city the greatest city, not 
only of the American continent, but 
in the world. 

Attract People Here by Giving Them 
What They Need 
"I know you are used to a great 
deal of 'hot air.' hut this is no 'hot 
air': it is a plain business proposition, 
that in order to attract people here — 
people of intelligence, refinement and 
wealth — you must give them the things 
they need. The time is past when 
you can do nothing but advertise real 
and climate and other things 
that God has sriven us, and we have 
got to get down to the practical 
proposition of 'What are we going to 
give to peonle that come here, to at- 
tract them here, and what are we go- 
ing to give to them to make them 
stay?' 

"The teaching of the city is the 
business of the city. Now we give 
our children what we call free educa- 
tion and we give it to them simply be- 
cause we appreciate the value of edu- 
cation in a democracy. But we have 
new conditions here. We have new 
ideas of a city. How are we going 
to teach this city the value of those 
ideas. 

The Result of the Work of One Man 
in St. Paul 
"One man in the city of St. Paul, 
Minnesota, took up the proposition 
I have in ? t mentioned, and from his 
work was evolved the St. Paul In- 
stitute of Arts and Sciences of St. 
Paul. Its purpose is to promote 
among all classes of people the 
knowledge and enlightenment which 
are essential to right living and good 
citizenship. It will seek to accom- 
plish this purpose through _ lectures. 
instruction classes, publications and 
other means designed to stimulate in- 
terest in the practical arts, hygiene, 
literature, history, the fine arts, econ- 
omics, government, and all depart- 
ments of arts and sciences, but with- 
out sectarian bias or political parti- 
sanship: it may collect and disburse 
funds, gather endowments, and ac- 
quire, hold and administer real prop- 
erty and material equipment for its 
work in the service of the communitv. 
Some of the Results Accomplished 
"Let me tell you what the Institute 
did in the course of three years: 

"The first year they had nineteen 
members and they gave eight lectures. 
with an attendance of 9.400 peonle. 
The second year they had twenty-five 
members, delivered twenty-nine lec- 
'turs. with an attendance of 16,600. The 
third vear thev had 2.220 members, 
gave 119 public lectures, two public 
meetings and receptions, three con- 
certs, and six art exhibitions, with a 
total attendance of 53.000. 

"That is a practical business propo- 
sition, and the proof of it is in the 
fact that it has worked out. 

'We are going to have, in a very 
few months, the problem of what to 
do with the electric power that_ is 
coming down from the Owens River 
One seemingly very foolish man said 
that the city had no means to buy the 
existing power plants. _ Another 
seemingly foolish man said the citj 



had means, — we could sell the power 
nics electricity and buy the 
A business man looking at 
that 

II. they are building 
plants. I have electricity to 
\nd so are 
' o St Paul Institute. 
:izens of St Paul built a large 
mm, seating ten thousand 
pie. They use tl What for? 

the education of the city. 
130 Entertainments for $5.00 

"The membership of the St. I 
Institute is divided into life members, 
permanent members, patrons and 
benefactors. A life memher is a man 
who gives from $100 to $1000 to the 
Institute. The permanent member is 
a man who gives from one thousand 
to ten thousand dollars. The patron 
is a man who gives from ten thousand 
to one hundred thousand. A bene- 
factor is one who gives more than 
one hundred thousand dollars to the 
St. Paul Institute for the benefit of 
the city. They have honorary mem- 
bers, which comprise those persons 
who have rendered distinguished and 
valuable service to man by their crea- 
tion-, contributions, discoveries or in- 
ventions in the Arts and Sciences. 
The Corresponding Members of the 
Institute shall comprise those persons 
whose knowledge in the Arts and Sci- 
ences qualify them to contribute spe- 
cial and valuable information to the 
proceedings ofthe Institute or of its 
several departments, and who do not 
reside within a radius of twenty miles 
of the city of St. Paul. The Asso- 
ciate Members pay five dollars a year 
for membership and five dollars initia- 
tion and this five dollars gives them 
the privilege of attending all the gen- 
eral lectures and meetings of the In- 
stitute and at special entertainments 
and lectures where payment is 
charged he pays one-half the regular 
rate. During the last year — the third 
vear of the Institute's existence — they 
had the privilege of attending one 
hundred and thirty entertainments for 
five dollars. That is the business side 
of it. All the people working together 
can do a thing cheaper and better 
than a dozen or fifteen groups work- 
ing separately. 

A Business Proposition 

"It is a practical business proposi- 
tion. Don't forget that. Unless your 
ordinary education can be proved a 
business nracticability it is not worth 
havinf. Unless your education ofthe 
schools is fitting students for business 
life, that is, earning a living, your 
schools are not fulfilling their mission. 

"Just take an item of local interest 
— a recent occurrence. The Chamber 
of Commerce asked the city council 
to appoint a secretary, or a clerk, to 
get statistics along the line of manu- 
facturing in the city of Los Angeles. 
That is all rifflit. but why doesn't the 
Chamber of Commence do it? Why 
do thev ask the city to do it? They 
recoenize it is the city's business to 
do the business of the citv for the 
city. The United States Census has 
been taken but recently. The Cham- 
ber of Commerce could go to that 
data and easily get what they wanted, 
but thev say to the city of Los An- 
geles. TVe think it is your business 
to set this data and then give it to us 
to use.' I say it is the city of Los 
Angeles' business to give the people 
of Los Angeles the very best of mu- 
sic, art and sciences, of free lectures. 
recitals .nnd entertainments that the 
world affords. 

Utilize Schools 

"We have six high schools within 
the citv limits. They are used five 
days in the week and "possibly a little 
on the sixth day. A business cor- 
poration looking over this situation 
would sav, 'Whv don't you use these 
all the time? Whv leave them idle?' 
You answer that the children only °-o 
to school part of the time. In St. 
Paul thev started a night school. 



They ran this night - only 

for children but 

doing 

they could give them 

gnized 
this, under their wise and 

if the 
big cities in the middle ^ 

ie International Correspondence 
school you a first 

class man who understands this 

ttroduced him to the 
man and he said, 'What arc you gel- 
ting? I will pas you -■■ much more 
to come into W ind start a 

correspondence school i"i- the bi 
DI the people of the state of Wiscon- 

"That is the business "i thi 
and the business of the city, — to take 
care of its people an m an 

opportunity to become better citi- 
zens. 

"The plan of the St. Paul Institute is 
so simple and it accomplishes so much 
in its workings. Let me tell you of 
the different departments: Art, Busi- 
ness, Home Economics, Industry. 
Literature and Languages, Municipal 
Art. Music. Natural and Physical Sci- 
ences, Social Sciences, Teachers' De- 
partment." 

Mr. Edson then gave a brief resume 
of the subjects of lectures given at the 
Institute by some of the most learned 
and renowned men of the country. 

"The possibilities of this plan are 
absolutely unlimited. For instance, a 
group of men and women wish to 
pursue a certain line of study; they 
state their needs; the department sup- 
plies the necessary instruction. 

Symphony Orchestra an Uplifting 
Force 

"We have had a symphony orches- 
tra in our city for fourteen years, but 
it has been sadly neglected. I know 
several of you are not heartily in 
favor of unions, but the union men in 
this city who have played for the 
symphony orchestra for these four- 
teen years have only received a dol- 
lar or a dollar and a quarter for their 
service; in other words, they played 
five rehearsals and one concert for 
six dollars. How many of you have 
devoted that much time to the city 
for fourteen years? Two or three 
days a week and then a public appear- 
ance for which they had to give up 
their time, yet you cannot get the city 
or any business organizations to take 
up the matter of symphony orches- 
tras. It Js the city's business, gentle- 
men, to "bring these things together 
for the good of the city. 

Concerts at Ten Cents 

"You may give popular concerts in 
your high school auditoriums which 
at ten or fifteen cents admission will 
bring a return of $240. These con- 
certs can be given for $200. Now, it 
is a business proposition to take ten 
thousand dollars and invest it in this 
business. You men here perhaps have 
the idea that musicians and artists 
are not business men. Music is a busi- 
ness and when you treat it as a busi- 
ness you get the same results as in 
any other vocation. 

"But how can we carry out these 
ideas? In St. Paul they had one pat- 
riotic man who said, 'I will finance 
this until it has been demonstrated 
that it is a success.' and this he did. 
until the project was on a self-sup- 
porting basis. 



City Club Should Investigate Plan 

Club 

ot be pract 

but it 

men who live in thi 

ornians, 
e possibility ol makin 

■t tin- world 
1 1 seems to mo that now, I 

show orld whal it mean 

be free men: that we arc goinf 
i 
afl 'i ds, because we appt - 

zenship 

to try to love our neighbors as 

selves." 

Si natoi Work; said: 

"I have had the occasion many 
times to express my thanks to the 
City Club for the help they have 

to ni,' and i" this city' in the 

past in tlu- work of making healthy 
" mh','- and redeeming this state from 
the degredation into which i 
fallen politically. I can't s;i\ to | ou 
how much T appreciate the good "ill 
of this Club at tin's lime. It stands 
for all that is good in politics and 
public life in this citv. I can appre- 
ciate the fact that such men as I sec 
before me today are rejoiced in the 
fact that under the circumstances I 
have been elected Senator of the United 
States, not because it is I.— that is a 
very small matter— the great thing for 
the State of California, infinitely 
greater than the personality of any 
man. or set of men, is the way in 
which I was elected United States 
Senator. 

"Shortly after the vote was taken in 
the Legislature, Governor Johnson 
came into my room at the hotel, his 
face beaming with satisfaction and 
pleasure. He sat down and said to 
me, 'Isn't it a glorious thing that a 
man can be elected to the United 
States Senate in the State of Cali- 
fornia without doing anything that 
can he criticised, or spending a quar- 
ter of a dollar in securing his elec- 
tion?' I want to say that this is just 
exactly what was done. There was 
no buying of votes; there was no us- 
ing of patronage for the purpose of 
influencing any individual member of 
the Legislature; there was nothing 
done that might not be published to 
the world and bring no criticisms to 



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10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the men who carried on this cam- 
paign. It is a great thing for the 
State of California that we have 
reached that stage in politics. It is 
one of the things we have been fight- 
ing for. It is one of the things that 
the Insurgents of this State stand for 
today, — the independence and freedom 
of the individual voter and upright 
honesty in politics. 

The New Regime 

"Let me tell you just a little thing 
that occurred that indicated the feel- 
ing that was in the Legislature 
amongst those who were undertaking 
to carry out this contest to a success- 
ful issue. The gentleman who was 
to nominate me in the Assembly of 
the Legislature came to me before 
the vote was taken and said that 
someone had been to the speaker of 
the Assembly and suggested to him 
that probably a certain man would be 
more favorable to Judge Works if he 
were placed on the 'Committee on 
which he was desirous of serving. 
The speaker said to him, 'I don't 
want to hear a word about anything 
of that sort.' My nominator said to • 
me further, that someone had sug- 
gested to the speaker that it might 
be well to withhold the announcement 
of the committees until after a vote 
was taken on the Senatorship. This 
member said to me, 'I would like to 
know what you think about that.' I 
said. 'I think the speaker of the As- 
sembly had better do his duty. If he 
has his committees ready to announce 
he had better announce them without 
any reference to my candidacy for the 
United States Senate.' And the com- 
mittees were appointed that morning 
before the vote for the Senatorship 
was taken. 

"There is one thing that I have felt 
very deeply, one thing I have appre- 
ciated very much, and that is the 
support I received from the Demo- 
cratic members of the Legislature. 
But I appreciate the fact still further 
that the idea of the Democratic mem- 
bers giving me their support origi- 
nated here in the city of Los Angeles 
where I was known. It gave me the 
greatest pleasure that the Jefferson 
Club, representing true Democracy 
in Los Angeles, originated that idea 
by passing a resolution that if it were 
not possible to elect a Democrat to 
the United States Senate that the 
vote- of the Democrats be cast for me. 
I had occasion to say to. some of the 
members of the Legislature, after the 
election took place, that a Progres- 
sive Republican and a Progressive 
Democrat could hardly be told apart 
at the present time. And, gentlemen, 
the time may soon come when there 
will be a new alignment of parties in 
this country. The time may soon 
come when Progressive Republicans 
and Progressive Democrats will be 
called upon to join hands and meet 
the power of the moneyed influences 
of this 'country for the purpose of per- 
petuating its free institutions. (Ap- 
plause). Whenever that time comes 
every true patriot in this country will 
set aside his partisanship and join 
hands with those who are willing to 
stand for the interests of the people 
of this country irrespective of their 
poHtics. (Continued applause). 

"I appreciate always the spirit of 
good will and the friendship of the 
members of the city Club. It has 
been one of the institutions that have 
heloed to bring us out of the gloom 
under which we have been laboring 
in politics; which stands for all that is 
good, and there is no club whose sup- 
port I would rather have in a fight of 
this kind than the City Club of Los 
Angeles." 

Meyer Lissner Speaks 

After Mr. Edson's address Meyer 
Lissner was called upon bv the mem- 
bers to make a speech. Mr. Lissner 
said: 

"I didn't know just what to tell you 
but a gentleman at my side here sug- 
gested that I tell you something about 



Spalding (a voice, 'Who is Spalding?') 
I suppose I am called upon because 
I have just returned from Sacramento, 
but I did no more there than several 
other of our good citizens, like Mr. 
Stimson, Mr. Dickson and Mr. Rowell 
and a dozen others. 

"I suppose that probably the thing 
that had the most influence in starting 
Judge Works upon the road to vic- 
tory was the conference we held in 
San Francisco in the latter part of 
December. When we called that con- 
ference, which was for the purpose of 
listening to the reports of the com- 
mittees on proposed legislation, we 
had no idea that it would have the 
effect of materially aiding the candi- 
dacy of Judge Works, but it certainly 
did have that effect. At that time the 
Los Angeles delegation got busy, and 
you know when Los Angeles boosters 
get busy something usually happens. 
When we got through with the con- 
ference we counted noses and found 
that we could undoubtedly count on 
at least seventy-five votes for Judge 
Works. 

'We went to Sacramento and stayed 
with those legislators day and night. 
We worked with them from early 
morn until early morn. There was no 
night, up to the time that Judge 
Works was elected, that we were fin- 
ished before two o'clock in the morn- 
ing. We used with the representa- 
tives only legitimate argument and 
persuasion. Judge Works has told 
you that no money was used in this 
campaign and that there were no 
threats or coercion. That might have 
been done without it being known ex- 
cept to men who were more active in 
the campaign than Judge Works. I 
can tell you, however, that nothing of 
that sort was done. We spent exact- 
ly $13.44 for telegrams and we paid 
our hotel bills. After it was all over 
we had a blow-out and Tudge Works 
treated to pink lemonade and cake. 
Those telegrams brought to our as- 
sistance the best, cleanest and high- 
est-minded men, from all parts of the 
state. 

"Judge Works has told you how 
much we appreciated the aid we re- 
ceived from the Democrats. We do 
thoroughly appreciate it. Some of us 
have found that the alignment is not 
between the Republicans and the 
Democrats now. It is not a horizon- 
tal line-up but a vertical line-up be- 
tween progressives and reactionaries. 
When we had the Democrats coming 
our wav the rest was easy, — the Band 
Wagon' was going so fast we could 
not stop it. 

"Some of us have been subjected to 
considerable abuse down here but 
what we got in Los Angeles was not 
a circumstance to what thev gave us 
in San Francisco. There always has 
to be a 'goat.' For some years I bave 
been in the habit of being the 'goat.' 
I sunpose I should be ashamed to 
say it. but my hide has become 'SO 
thick bv reason of the tanning that T 
received here that I did not mind 
what T got up there at all. I will iust 
give vou an instance of the kind of 
comnliments that were handed out. to 
me particularly. The San Francisco " 
Call. — that reform organ. — came out 
with an editorial in which it mildly 
insinuated there was only one dif- 
ference between mvself and one of 
mv neonle named Ruef and that was 
the fact he bad curlv hair. 

"Having given the credit of the 
victory where it belongs, because there 
is pi-much p-lory to go around to all, 
T think T .rnipdit not be considered im- 
modest in telling vou what Mr. Scald- 
ing said iust before he left Sacra- 
m»nto. Somebndv remarked to h'm. 
'How do von like the umpire?' He 
understood the word hut he did not 
understand the anolication so the 
correspondent of the Los Angeles 
'Times' asked him what he thought 
about Lissner. 'Oh. Lissner!' Well, 
he had never seen Lissner until that 



very noon; saw him in the dining- 
room and then his back was turned 
to him so he could not see his face. 
'But,' he said, 'Lissner and I made 
for the door about the same time, I 
walked faster than Lissner ' and 
reached the door before him, and I 
am informed by my friends that I am 
the only 'man in Sacramento that 
beat Lissner to anything since he had 
been here.' " 



A CORRECTION 



Pacific Outlook: — -Permit me, 
through your columns to correct two 
misstatements inadvertently made in 
my recent article upon "The Need 
for the Merit System" in the Cali- 
fornia Weekly of December 23, 1910. 
In that article I stated that "most 
civil service provisions require that 
a discharge can only be effected by 
the filing of charges and a trial be- 
fore the civil service commission." 



I am informed by the Secretary of 
the National Civil Service League 
that this is only the case in Chicago 
and cities west thereof which have 
followed her lead, but does not ob- 
tain in the Federal System nor in the 
East generally. 

Again, instead of having been 
adopted in fifteen cities as was stated j i 
on authority which was not up to 
date, one hundred and ten (110) 
cities are now under civil service pro- 
visions. 

Yours truly, 
Francis B. Kellogg. 



W. B. MATHEWS TO DISCUSS 
CONSOLIDATION 



At the regular weekly luncheon of 
the City Club, to be held at the West- 
minster Hotel today (Saturday) at 
12-15 p. m., W. B. Mathews will speak 
on "Consolidation of City and County 
Governments." 



The Jester's Bells 



How the Fight Began 
Violette — "I wish you would tell me 

how to get this pitch off my dress. 

I have tried everything I can think 

of." 

Reginald — "You might try a song. 

You always get off the pitch when 

you sing." — Judge. 



"Prosperity has ruined .many a 
man," remarked the moralizer. 

"Well," rejoined the demoralizer, 
"if I was going to be ruined at all 
I'd want prosperity to do it." — De- 
troit Free Press. 



A Robber 

"Were you ever confronted by a 
robber?" 

"Sure." 

"And did you play the part of a 
hero?" 

"No, indeed; you can't throttle a 
gas-meter." — Houston Post. 



Poverty in Old New York 

Knickerbocker Gossip — Yes, that is 
the rich Miss Guineas. They say her 
father hath five thousand pounds if 
he hath a shilling. — Judge. 



Miniature Specialization 

A young medical student was being 
quizzed by one of his teachers: "In 
what will you specialize?" he was 
asked. "Diseases of the nostril," re- 
plied the student. "Good," said the 
professor, enthusiastically. "Which 
nostril?" — Success. 



Ascum: I saw your wife at the 
dance last night. She certainly did 
look magnificent. By the way, old 
man, you're rather chin, aren't you? 

Muttley: I guess I am. You see, 
we went to housekeeping recently 
and I arranged with my wife to give 
her a 'certain allowance each week to 
provide for the table and buy clothes 
for herself. — Catholic Standard and 
Times. 



Reasons 

Professor — "Why did you come to 
college, anyway? You are not study- 
ing." 

Willie Rahrah — "Well, mother says 
it is to fit me for the Presidency; 
Uncle Bill, to sow my wild oats; Sis. 
to get a chum for her to marry; and 
Pa, to bankrupt the family." — Puck. 



"He loves me, he loves me not," 
murmured the romantic summer 
boarder. 

"You must have picked a thousand 
daisies to pieces today," remarked 
the old farmer. 

"Possibly I have." 

"Couldn't ye play that game just 
as well with potato bugs?" — Wash- 
ington Herald. 



Much can be forgiven a man with 
that 'fine sense of humor shown by 
Dr. Cook in taking passage on the 
George Washington. — Baltimore 

News. 



When Taft Went Swimming 
One morning in summer President 
Taft, wearing the largest bathing suit 
known to modern times, threw his 
substantial and ponderous form into 
the cooling waves of Beverly Bay. 

That afternoon Jesse Conway, a 
newspaper correspondent, sent the 
following to his paper: 

"There was mighty little swimming 
along the north shore today. The 
President was using the ocean. — Pop- 
ular Magazine. 



Uncle Ethan was in a cautious 
frame of mind. 

"Which," somebody asked him, "do 
you think is worse, a flood or a ■ 
drought?" 

Uncle Ethan scratched his head. 

"It always depends," he replied. "I 
should say that a flood was a great 
deal worse, providing, of course, that 
there was a flood." — Youth's Com- 
panion. 



Reporter — Senator, if I mistake not, 
your name ha« been mentioned once 
or twice in connection with the Presi- 
dency. 

Senator Lotsmun — Why, yes; a 
London iournal. I believe, once re- 
marked that if the office of President 
of the United States was for saie. I 
would probably buy it. — Chicago Re- 
cord-Herald, 



A famous North Carolina clergy- 
man, while preaching from the 'text, 
"He givech his beloved sleep," stop- 
gazed upon his slumbering congrega- 
tion, and said: "Brethren, it is hard 
to realize the unbounded love which 
the Lord appears to have for a large 
portion of my audience." — The Ar- 
gonaut 

"You must try to get on without 
the luxuries. Confine yourself to the 
necessities." "That's what I'm do- 
ing." replied Mr. Chuggins. "I'm 
cutting down on beef and potatoes so 
as to meet the repair bill on my au- 
tomobile." — Washington Star. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 




The Fox Hunt at the Burbank 

lay with 
r Morosco has aroused a 

nt among local theatre-goers, 
is an interesting example of in 

drama worked 
out in a style entirely different from 
that usually employed in play making; 
in-tead of unfolding a story of widen- 
ing ramifications with characters con- 
stantly growing in the importance of 
their relation to the central theme, it 
folds in on the story until, by a pro- 
of elimination, it gradually 
diminishes the importance of those at 
first apparently most concerned and 
leaves the one character of them all- 
which had ! 'thing but a by- 



Bj thia it is not to be inferred that 
the various characters of the comedy 
are loosely drawn, uninterest- 
nnnecessary; quite the con- 
trary; bat they arc entirely subsidiary 
climax. They arc introduced 
fuse the onlooker, and then to 
be eliminated as the plot secretly 
the delightful, unbelievable 
—and so is created, by concave 
1 of convex development, a 
strikingly good detective story, albeit 
the actual detective of the play docs 
if with glory. 
Book worms — or rather magazine 
» — have discovered that this Lee 
Arthur fabric suggests the reflection 
of a Harold McGrath serial which 
once appeared in an Eastern maga- 




La Pia, with Orpheum Road Show, Next Week 



play, standing at the last moment 
alone in the center of interest. 

The love story prominent at the off- 
set, steadily diminishes in interest; 
the details of the family life which 
early bulk lar.ee, recede; the extrane- 
ous figures introduced mystify instead 
of elucidate: the details of the mil- 
lionaire's questionable business deal, 
which promised to be the vitals of the 
Climactic disclosure, are buried in the 
progress of the inward folds without 
Causing a pang of disappointed curi- 
osity; the whole story is compressed 
down, one act after another, until just 
two relationships stand out as of any 
consequence — those of "The Fox," 
and the millionaire. And in the end 
the latOr is remembered principally 
is a developer of the unusual and start- 
ing character of "The Fox." rather 
than as a vital personality of the play. 



zine: but this fact does not dim 
its interest o.r make less marked its 
constructive peculiarities. 

It would be inconsiderate, if not in- 
artistic, even at this late hour to dis- 
close the identity of "The Fox" him- 
self, because there are many yet in 
Los Angeles, and a vastly greater 
number in the far-spread cities of the 
nation at large, for whom the problem 
of "The Fox" is still unsolved, and 
~by whom the play is still to be en- 
joyed; for this new dramatic composi- 
tion of Lee Arthur, given its premiere 
at the Burbank Theatre in this city 
this week, is bound to appeal to all 
s of playgoers and acquire a 
wide fame. It is not a masterpiece of 
art, nor "the greatest play in ten 
nor anything of that exalted 
sort: but as an entertainer it is a de- 
cided success. The plot is cleverly 



the ! 

the lines are br: 

there 
sensi- 
tive person to cringe, nor any 

shame the most .-'. iste It 
■lie few plays that promises 
to In 
tirely with 

excitii i i n (in 

I as the story pro. 

arc not the sort that 
will injure the morals of the wit- 

Thc story of how Mr. Morosco 
cured the manuscript of Mr. Arthur's 
"Fox" during his recent visit to New 
York, and gave it to the world lirst in 
Los Angeles, is an interesting one. but 
is outside the hounds of this com- 
ment. wy| 

It is to be doubted whether "The 
Fox" will ever have a better presenta- 
tion than that with which it has been 
favored by the Burbank company. 
The staging is admirable and the act- 
ing competent. Byron P.easlcy never 
did anything beter, (if he ever did 
anything as well) than his interpre- 
tation of Peter Delaney, the charming 
but fallible old gentleman with the 
style of other days. David M. Hart- 
ford displays his usual vigor in the 
role of the selfish millionaire whose 
business trickeries give the story its 
start and Charley Ruggles adds zest 
to the proceedings in his brief appear- 
ance as Edward Mackey. Miss Ram- 
beau looks her best in the leading 
feminine role of the millionaire's 
daughter, though the part is of small 
value. 



Wh ! safe, 

there in the pitch dark of I 

ment, that night? W 
"'ll'i id sil tight 

until the last of the last act, if you 

cr if you i the right 

partie- nent. 

rtlctt. 



The Dollar Princess Mediocre 
It is but to join in a unanii 
ay that the 
liar Princess." a musical comedy 
ring at the Maso i touse 

this wack It did more than that. It 
made the play possible, not to say 
bearable. It thrilled the audience just 
as any art inspires a gathering. Tt 
dominated the situation and made 
more endurable the inane dialogue and 
mystical nlot which went to make up 
that elusive thing called a musical 
comedy. 

Tn a musical comedy one does not 
expect much as to plot, but there 
should he something in the way of 
snappy dialogue and something in the 
way of unity of action and a reason 
for three acts. 

Tn the "Dollar Princess" there was 
nothing calling for a second or a third 
net except to rest the tired eyes of 
the audience with a different change 
of scenerv. Th climax, which was 
made perfectly clear and left no ques- 
tion as to the end of the play, was ao- 
mrent in the first few moments of the 
n'ay and through the rest of the eve- 
ning it was but to sit and -watch the 
aetion trio along to a definite con- 
elusion. As far as the dialogue and 
the play was concerned, it was like 



A 



UDITORIUM 

Theatre Beautiful 



L. E. BEHYMER 

Manager 



Two Nights Only — Tues. Jan. 24; Friday, Jan. 27 
The Tivoli Opera Co., W. H. Leahy, Mgr., Presents 

TETRAE2I1MI 

Assisted by Frederick Hastings, Baritone; Andre Benoist, Pianist; 
Walter Oesterreicher, Flutist. 

Seat Sale at Bartlett's. Prices $1, $1.50, $2, $2.50 and $3. Boxes 
and Loges $5.00. $1.00 Seats on Sale Day Before Concert. 

Hardman Piano used. 



flPPUrilM THFATRF VAUOEV'LIE Spring Si., Bot. 2d & 3d Mat. Evrry Da, -Both Phonr. 

unrncum intninr. 1447 Mall 10( . 25c SOc N«hi, ioc, 25c, soc, 7Sc 



Monday Matinee, Jan 
Dances 



Beginnin 
LA PIA 

"The Enchantress' 
HOWARD 

Scotland's Ventriloquist 
CHAS. LEONARD FLETCHER 
& CO. 

In "His Nerve" 
CROSS & JOSEPHINE 

"Dying to Act" 



23 ORPHEUM ROAD SHOW 

BROS. RIGOLETTO 
In Eight Varied Turns 

MELVILLE & HIGGINS 

"Just a Little Fun" 
HIBBERT & WARREN 

"Colored; Not Born That Way" 
JOE JACKSON 

European Vagabond 



Orpheum Motion Pictures 



UAM BURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 

Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco. Mgr. Near Nint 



Sar 



'th 

Beginning Sunday Night, Jan. 22 

A?££~ JAMES T. POWERS 

With the original company of 100, including the "Hello People" girls in 

"HAVANA" 

Nights and Sat. Mat. SOc to $2. Popula r Wed. Mat, 50 c to $1.50. 



Main Street 



JV/fOROSCO'S BURBANK THEATER 

* V * Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company Near Sixth 

SECOND WEEK— Take your sweetheart and bet her a box of 
candy she can't guess who "The Fox" is at the end of Act II. Don't be 
afraid. You won't lose. 

Lee Arthur's Delightful <'T"I-JI7 Pf)Y" 
Comedy Drama l r * Ilj ■ r ^- / -^- 

Nights 25c, SOc, 75c. Matinees Saturday and Sunday, 10c, 25c, 50c. 
Next— "IS .MATRIMONY A FAILURE?" 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the train you remember in your boy- 
hood days, running out of the valley 
each day to return at night, on time 
and just as you had expected. It did 
not even have the diversity to run off 
the track. 

The company is one of two or three 
road organizations that have branched 
out from the original company which 
is playing somewhere in the East af T 
ter a year's success in New York. It 
■is a good company as road companies 
go, and truly there are some passable 
voices among the principals and the 
■chorus is above the average. 

Eileen Clifford, who plays a second 
part, dances her way into the hearts 
of the audience and Miss Alice Cow- 
der has a good voice and is called 
upon to use it almost continuously. 
Franklin Farnum has a rich tenor 
voice and wins the approval of the 
audience. 

But it is the music of Leo Fall that 
has made the play what it is and it is 
he who deserves the credit for the 
long run the play has enjoyed. 

J. L. Barnard. 



"The Beauty Spot" 

A trivial and at times vulgar con- 
glomeration of Joseph Herbert wit 
and De Koven music introduced new 
talent to Los Angeles this week in 
the person of Jefferson De Angelis, 
fresh from his late role of Ko-Ko 
in the eastern all-star revival of "The 
Mikado." Mr. De Angelis is a come- 
dian of the unexaggerated type, the 
more successful because he refrains at 
all times from too broad appeal to 
the' risibilities. Realism is the key- 
note of his comedy. The spontane- 
ous antics of a funny old fellow rath- 
er than the exertions of a buffoon are 
what he portrays. In the character 
of General Samovar of the Russian 
Legation at Paris, he maintains an ef- 
fervescent inanity and a ludicrous 
weakness for the fair sex which, coup- 
led with the peculiarities of his short, 
square person and facial changes, 
rapidly reduces Majestic audiences to 
the desired state of giggling respon- 
siveness. 

The texture of "The Beauty Spot" 
is the flimsiest, and some of its maud- 
lin by-play would better be omitted. 
Still there is oersonality enough in 
the cast to build something solid up- 
on the slight framework provided by 
the author. Miss Viola Gillette, as 
General Samovar's wife, whose por- 
trait painted before marriage when 
she was a model, causes all the fuss, 
possesses comliness of the Lillian 
Russell type, costumes both dashing 
and statuesque, and a rich voice 
which soars effectively in her solo 
"Memoirs." The General's daughter 
Nadine is played by Miss Florence 
Martin with fresh, girlish charm and 
unconsciousness of self. In the song, 
"Pretty Punchinello," her fascinating- 
ly-costumed dance atones for the in- 
adequacy of her sweet little "parlor" 
voice, and in the duet, "In a Ham- 
mock," the splendid voice of George 
J. MacFarlane added to Miss Mar- 
tin's talents calls forth well-deserved 
encores. It is one of the disappoint- 
ments of the production that Mr. 
MacFarlane isn't given more chance 
to sing, but fortunately he draws the 
best number of all, "Creole Days," 
whose melodious refrain could be 
heard a score of times, at least as Mr. 
MaicFarlane sings it, without palling. 

The others of the cast are fairly 
capable. A discerning eye can distin- 
guish several bonny faces in the chor- 
us if it troubles itself to look bevond 
the front row. Scenically, the Grand 
Hotel at Dinard and the tropical gar- 
dens of the same are attempted with 
some pictorial excellence. 

Dorothy Russell Lewis. 



mack, smiled more broadly at the 
Monkey Music Show, laughed aloud 
at Joe Jackson, the European Vaga- 
bond, and was convulsed by Cross 
and Josephine in their little skit, 
"Dying to Act." This clever nonsense 
concludes with a caricature of melo- 
drama which would make the most 
dyed-in-the-wool pessimist laugh. 
Wellington Cross should be a good 
subject for the psychic researchers as 
he is a decided example of dual per- 
sonality — being at one time the vil- 
lain of darkest hue and at another 
that sweet creature, the "Mellerdrani' 
er" hero. The Bathing Girls show a 



week, Alice Lloyd joins it here, and , 
■the great aggregation will be com- 
plete. 

La Pia, "the Enchantress," and the 
twin Brothers Rigoletto, each a nov- 
elty, head the first week's list. The 
former is a dancer engaged direct 
from the Palace, London, and pre- 
senting a series of Terpsichorean 
revels. She gives four dances during 
her act, each in its own setting. 

A Japanese dance, showing the art 
of that land, comes first, followed by 
"The Dance of the Pyramids," an 
Egyptian effect. Then is shown a 
fire dance, and finally, "The Sea 




Mine. Tetrazzini 



variety of attractive costumes and 
clever^ stage settings with a spectacu- 
lar windup in the moving-picture 
waves. 

M. R. T. 



Omheum 

The Orpheum bill of the past week 
was pre-eminently a fun-making and 
laughter-producing affair. The audi- 
ence began to laugh with Mr. Hy- 



COMING ATTRACTIONS 

An annual event in the local vaude- 
ville field, is the coming to the Or- 
pheum Monday matinee, Jan. 23, of 
the Orpheum Road show. 

The Road Show, under Mr. Martin 
Beck's personal direction, is always an 
aggregation of picked acts, well bal- 
anced, varied and each act a comple- 
ment of every other. Mr. Beck ar 
the beginning of every season gathers 
together his idea of what such an 
aggregation should be and each act 
for it is personally selected and ap- 
proved. The result is a compact, 
well regulated and arranged show, 
traveling together. Every year, this 
show is sent on the tour of the circuit, 
and pays a visit of a fortnight here. 

This year's Road show is said to 
be particularly fine, in that many of 
the acts are foreign, and these have 
never been seen here. On its second 



Nymph," a picture of the frolic of the 
ocean waves. 

The Brothers Rigoletto, twins, do 
eight varied and different turns in 
their 40 minutes on the stage, each in 
its own setting, and each as complete 
as if given by a separate troupe. They 
show an instrumental turn, juggle, 
mimic, illusionize, do magic of the 
Chinese sort, plastic poses, aerial 
gymnastics and acrobatics. 

A third foreigner is Howard, Scotch 
ventriloquist. He has not only all 
the dry humor of the S'cots, but at 
the same time he is gifted with a 
vocal ability, which enables him to 
do many tricks. 

Only one act is retained from last 
year's Road show, Melville & Hig- 
gins. No need to go into detail here 
— all remember the rotund Mae, with 
her "Let it lay!" and her "Soft, soft 
pedal," and the long lean foil that 
Robert Higgins made for her. 

The sketch this year is furnished 
by Charles Leonard Fletcher. His 
vehicle is a Lambs' club gambol suc- 
cess, "His Nerve," described as a 
tense and thrilling tabloid drama. 

Minstrelsy is now almost entirely 



a feature of vaudeville, and so has 
earned place with this show. Gus 
Hibbert and Fred Warren are prime 
exponents. Hibbert is a dancer, War- 
ren is a pianist, and the pair in black 
face "but not born that way," offer 
pleasing entertainment. 

Cross & Josephine, and Joe Jack- 
son, "the European vagabond," will 
remain to make up the eight acts re- 
quired here, and new motion pictures 
are promised. And next week come 
Alice Lloyd and Lew Sully, and the 
whole show will be 'complete. 



James T. Powers in the Shubert's 
production of the London Gaiety 
musical play, "Havana," with a com- 
pany of 100 people, will be the attrac- 
tion at the Hamburger's Majestic 
Theatre next Sunday night, for one 
week with regular matinees, when Mr. ' 
Powers will be seen here for the first 
time in the role of Samuel Nix, bos'un 
of the yacht Wasp. Mr. Powers, by 
the way, has revised the book of 
"Havana" for America, proving that 
he is not only a comedian, but a 
writer as well. 

Nix, as .the story goes, has visited 
the port of Havana seven years be- 
fore the action begins. During Jiis 
stay he married a Cuban girl, desert- 
ing her a few hours after the cere- 
mony. He little suspects that he will 
ever drop anchor in this harbor again, 
but now after seven years his ship, 
the Wasp, ties up at Havana and 
Nix, eager for the sights of the shore, 
goes into the city, momentarily ex- 
pecting, however, to run across his 
wife. His endeavors to hide his iden- 
tity cause him to be mistaken for a 
revolutionist, and the Wasp is spot- 
ted as a filibustering vessel. Nix is 
taken into the inner council of the in- 
surgents and during one of the meet- 
ings he is arrested by the police 
charged with the crime of being the 
ringleader of the revolutionists. He 
is sentenced to be shot. His neglected 
wife discovers that there is an old 
law which declares a husband dead 
who lives away from his wife for a 
period of seven consecutive years, and 
she is about to take advantage of this. 
She hears of the plight of Nix and 
upon her explaining to the mayor of 
Havana that her husband is already 
dead, plans for the execution of the 
bos'un are abandoned. The rest of 
the play is given up to rejoicing. 

The music of "Havana" is by Les- 
lie Stuart, composer of the score of 
"Florodora." 

"The Fox," Lee Arthur's delightful 
comedy drama, which received its 
premiere at the Burbank last Sunday, 
is booked for a Broadway production. 
The verdict of Los Angeles, as ex- 
pressed in crowded houses through- 
out the week, is that it is deserving 
of this honor, and the business has 
been so large that a second week will 
begin with the matinee Sunday. 

Probably no play ever written has 
offered audiences a more absorbing 
and baffling problem than does "The 
Fox." In the second act a burglary 
takes place, a safe being blown open 
in full view of the audience, though 
the stage is so dark that the identity 
of the cracksman is hidden. There 
are several persons who can logically 
be suspected of the act, each one hav- 
inga distinct and different motive for 
desiring possession of the contents of 
the vault. Then the guessing begins. 
It would be more than human for 
, anyone not to select the person whom 
■ he considers most likely to have com- 
mitted the burglary, and it is interest- 
ing, after one has made his own selec- 
tion, to listen to the variety of opin- 
ions expressed by those sitting near. 
Then, when the cracksman is discov- 
ered, near the end of the play, it 
comes as such a delicious surprise 
that everyone wants their friends to, 
see it and try their hand at guess- 
ing. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 




fVSIC 



Musical Los Angeles had the privi- 
lege last Tuesday evening of gr 
a truly gr son of 

i itlc-Reachc, the French 
ihe fortun- 
ate p ; a matchless contral- 
ice, a charming appearance and 
an intensely dramatic temperament. 
:er temperamental qualifications 
place Gervillc-Reachc at the 
head of the list of eminent contraltos 
of the present day. even more than 
her wonderful vocal organ. Vocally 
she can compare with the efforts of 
any contralto recently heard on the 
her remarkably deep, rich and 
mt lower tones, as well as the 
exquisitely delicate pianissimos to 
which her voice falls, being hardly 
equalled here before; but it is her 
great dramatic resources which lift 
the presentations of this artist to a 
plane by themselves. 

Most of the program numbers were 
the work of French composers, sev- 
eral of the moderns being represent- 
ed. 
The program in full follows: 
1. (a) "Les Larmes," Massenet; 
'Mon Coeur s'ouvre a ta voix" 
(Samson et Delila), Saint-Saens. 2 

(a) Ich Grolle Nicht, Schumann; (b) 
Der Erlkonig. Schubert. 3. (a) "Ad- 
dio" (Dedicated to Mme. Gerville- 
Reache.), Parelli; (b) Aria de la Ci- 
eca (La Gioconda), Ponchielli. 4. (a) 
Hindu Slumber Song. Harriet Ware; 

(b) "Love's Trinity," Reginald de 
Koven. 5. (a) Dir de Lia (L'En- 
fant Prodigue), Claude Debussy; (b) 
L'Anneau d'argent, Chaminade; (c) 
Chanson Slave, Chaminade; (d) 
Plalsirs d'amour (1741-18161, Martini; 
(e) D'une Prison, Reynaldo Hahn. 

M. R. T. 



On Thursday evening, January 12, 
in Simpson Auditorium, Los An- 
geles music lover had the opportun- 
ity of hearing one of Chicago's best- 
known vocalists, Mr. Thomas N. Mae- 
Burney, who was persuaded to give a 
recital while visiting in Hollywood 
for a few days. The program was a 
comprehensive one as regards com- 
posers but was not sufficiently varied 
in the character of its selections to 
insure perfect balance. Mr. MacBur- 
ney possesses a pleasing, though 
somewhat thin, baritone, distinguish- 
ed by a highly sympathetic quality. 
He sings entertainingly and in a man- 
ner indicative of fair training, al- 
though in this particular program an 
intimate knowledge of certain of the 
numbers was obviously lacking — a 
great handicap in his work. 

The opening number, Bianchi's "T,u 
seconda i voti mici," was a happy in- 
troduction, being not only charming 
in itself but especially well suited to 
the singer's talents. In the quiet, sus- 
tained passages of this number Mr. 
MacBurney was at his best. The first 
song of the second group, Sinding's 
"Licht," gave him another opportun- 
ity for effective work, which met with 
marked appreciation. 

Throughout the rest of the pro- 
gram, which included beautiful selec- 
tions from Kaun, Weingartner, De- 
bussy, Saint Saens, Delibes, Mallin- 
son, Huhn and others, the singer fail- 
ed to repeat his satisfying performance 
of the more unpretentious numbers, 
lack of volume or of depth of inter- 
pretation being responsible for his 
decreased excellence. 

The accompanist, Mrs. M. Hennion 
Robinson, rendered capable assist- 
ance. 

D. R. L. 




only appearances in thi.- • 
Tetrazzini will be Tuesday night, Jan. 
24, and Friday evening, Jan. 27. Im- 
mediately after the conclusion of the 
Los Angeles concerts Tetrazzini and 
party go direct to Denver for 
ont concert. Los Angeles, San Fran- 
Chicago and New York are the 
only cities in the United States to be 
favored with more than one concert 
by Tetrazzini's management, the Tiv- 
oli Opera Company. 

Following are the programs: 

Jan. 24: 

1. Fantasic for Flute and Piano — 
"Goodnight, My Dear Child".. 
Popp 

Messrs. Oesterreicher and Benoist 

2. Baritone Soli — 

(a) An die Musik Schubert 

(b) Ewig Mein Bleibt. . .Schutt 

(c) Der Sieger Kaun 

Mr. Hastings 

3. Aria "Caro Nome" (Rigoletto) 

Verdi 

Mme. Tetrazzini 

4. Piano Solo, Polonaise E major 

Liszt 

Mr. Benoist 
5 Aria "Una voce pocafa" (Barber 

of Seville) Rossini 

Mme. Tetrazzini 

6. (a) Romance Stiehl 

(b) Arbesque Debussy 

Messrs. Oesterreicher and Benoist 

7. (a) Young Dietrich. .. .Henschel 

(b) Lyns Benoist 

(c) The Ballad of the Bony Fid- 
dler Hammond 

Mr. Hastings 

8. Grand Aria, including Mad Scene 
(Lucia) Donizetti 

Mme. Tetrazzini 



otere 

- Christmas Buck 

(With tenor solo by Mr. A] \.mder 
and b ilo by Mr. ( ... k, and 

piano, organ and string quintet »c- 
companimi 
Consl ur will sing — 

"Pace Mio Dio" (La Forza 
Destino) Verdi 

(b) Ecstacy Walter Rommel 

Arthur Alexander will sing — 

(a) "Where'er you walk "... Handel 
i M Alii rs< eli ii . . Ri hai .1 Si 

(c) A Love Song II 

The Krauss String Quartet will play — 

(a) Quartet Op, 44. No. 2 

M 

Andante 
Presto Agitato 

(b) Romanza with 'Cello solo... 
Chopin 



Jan. 27: 

1. Fantasie, "Pastoral Hongroise" 
(flute and piano) Doppler 

Messrs. Oesterreicher and Benoist 

2. Baritone Soli — 

(a) Widmung Schumann 

(b) Ich Grolle Nicht. .Schumann 

(c) Die Allmacht Schubert 

Mr. Hastings 

3. Aria "Ah fors e lui" and Sempre 
Libre (Traviata) Verdi 

Mme. Tetrazzini 

4. Piano Solo, "Marche Militaire" 

Schubert-Tausig 

Mr. Benoist 

5. Aria "Bel Raggio" (Semiramide) 

Rossini 

Mme. Tetrazzini 
& (a) Romance (flute and piano) 

Emile Bernard 

(b) Le Tourbillon Anderson 

Messrs. Oesterreicher and Benoist 

7. Baritone Soli — 

(a) Mirage Liza Lehmann 

(b) There Was an Ancient King 

(c) A Theme Benoist 

Mr. Hastings 

8. Grand Polocca from "Mignon" 

Thomas 

Following is the complete program 
to be given by the Ellis Club in 
Simpson Auditorium, Tuesday even- 
ing next, under direction of J. B. 
Poulin. The club will be assisted by 
Constance Balfour, soprano; Arthur 
Alexander, tenor; Wm. James Chick, 
baritone; Mrs. Ada Marsh Chick-, 
organ; Krauss String Quartet. Club 
numbers will consist of: 
A Vintage Song (From the unfin- 
ished opera "Loreley") . . . . 

Mendelssohn 

In Vocal Combat Dudley Buck 

Carpathian Folk Song Paty Stair 

Spring Night Max Filke 

(With soprano obligato by Con- 
stance Balfour and string quintet ac- 



Edna Darch, the Los Angeles prima 
donna, who has been abroad for five 
years, part of the time singing at the 
Royal Grand Opera in Berlin, has re- 
turned home for a couple of months' 
visit. Her many friends here are anx- 
ious to have her appear in recital be- 
fore leaving Los Angeles and already 
many demands have been made upon 
her for concerts throughout Southern 
California. 



Herr Ignaz Haroldi, who has been 
absent from the city for some months 
on an extensive concert tour in the 




Herr Ignaz Haroldi 



North and East, has returned to Los 
Angeles and has resumed his classes. 



The annual concert commemorating 
the birth of Schubert, arranged by 
Miss Margaret Goetz, will take place 
at the First Unitarian Church, on 
Sunday, January 29, at four o'clock. 

Assisting artists are: Mesdames W. 
J. Kirkpatrick, soprano; Aida Marsh 
Chick, Gertrude Ross, accompanists. 
Messrs. George Walcker, basso; Ar- 
thur Alexander, tenor; Oskar Seiling, 
violinist; Axel Simondsen, cello; and 
a chorus of women's voices. Some 
beautiful and rarely sung songs, as 
well as old favorites, will be sung. 



The Tetrazzini management has 
yielded to the demands of friends and 
patrons and has changed the second 
Tetrazzini concert to Friday evening 
instead of the afternoon, at the Audi- 
torium, Jan. 27. Many people unable 
to attend in the afternoon have re- 
quested this change, as they desire to 
have an opportunity cf attending both 
recitals. 



Two very interesting programs 
have been arranged by Harry Cliff- 
ord Lott, the popular baritone of our 
city to be presented at Cumnock Hall. 
on the evenings of January 26th and 
February 23rd. Every year Mr. Lott 
manages to present to the public a 
program containing one or more 
novelties, and this year has com- 
bined on his second program the 
poems of Rudyard Kipling set to 
music of which "Danny Deever," "On 
the Road to Mandalay" and "Mother 
O'Mine" are the best known. 

Mary Louisa White, writing in the 
"Musical Standard." London, objects 
to the morbidly pessimistic tone af- 



. by the writers of song pi 
irges a change in the dir. 
of a healthy joy in present 
things instead of a sentimental whin- 
ing over the past. Here is a quota- 
tion from the article: 

"Let us then have no more 'chains 
with broken links'; laded petals that 
have lost their color and perfume'; 
'eyes that once spoke of love, but are 
now vacant and cold'; instruments 
'with broken strings'; ■-mils that can 
no longer make harmony'; > 
chairs'; 'broken hearts' and 'sunless 
lives'! Selfishiu m, or 

both, are largely responsible for this 
unwholesome attitude. He who 
ticipates in the lives of others, has ■' 
care for their welfare and happiness; 
is happy in toiling for their good; 
and is ever sensitive to the everlast- 
ing spring that surrounds him on ev- 
ery side." 

Contracts have been closed with 
Henry Ohlmeyer, the California 
bandmaster, for a number of weeks, 
with his band at Willow Grove, open- 
ing the 28th of next May. This is a 
much coveted honor, and so far has 
only been given four of the large mus- 
ical organizations of the country, 
among them Sousa, the Damrosch 
and Victor Herbert orchestras. 



"Not long ago Eric Wolfgang Korn- 
gold, the wonderful child composer, 
had an experience which is probably 
unique — namely, for a boy of thirteen 
to appear before the curtain of a 
grand opera house to acknowledge 
the loud applause with which a com- 
position of his had been received. This 
was entitled 'The Snow-Man: a Pan- 
tomime.' It appears that the boy two 
years ago wrote the music for the 
piano, rather as an exercise than any- 
thing else. Now it has been orches- 
trated by the boy's teacher, Herr 
Zemlinsky, conductor at the Vienna 
Volksoper, and in that form played 
by the first orchestra in the world 
and loudly applauded by a critical 
Viennese audience! Without doubt in 
its original form it is an astonishing 
work for a child of eleven, showing 
that he was even two years ago able 
to think in music. Rhythmically and 
melodically the work is full of inter- 
est. 

"A trio written scarcely two years 
later than the pantomime, shows that 
a most remarkable development has 
taken place in the meanwhile; it is 
about to appear as his Opus 1 in the 
'Universal Edition.'" — London Musi- 
cal Standard. 



Stranger — And who is the beauty 
with her? 

Gossip — A beauty, yes; but, alas, 
her face is her only fortune. She hath 
but a miserable ten-acre farm on 
Broadway. — Judge. 



He — They say that the face is an 
mdex of the mind. She — I don't 
know. It doesn't follow because a 
woman's face is made up that her 
mind is. — Boston Transcript. 



Country Opera Director — What do 
you think of our tenor? Stranger — 
If T were you I would hire him out as 
an imitator of the phonograph. — ■ 
Fliegende Blaetter. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, 
Science. Studios and Halls for all 
purposes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information aoply to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway, 232 S. Hill St. Us *i?ete, Cil. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



PUBLIC WORK BY STREETS 

Third Ave.; draft of ord. for light- 
ing Third avenue from the northerly 
line, of Pico street to the southerly 
line of Country Club drive. This or- 
dinance contemplates that the prop- 
erty owners within the assessment 
district shall pay all the costs of said 
improvement. Ref. to Legislation 
Com. 

Ave. 18; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Ave. 18, N. Broadway to Mo- 
zart St. Johnson Act. Adopted. 

Ave. 20; ord. establishing the name 
of a triangular piece of land at the 
southeast corner of Mozart St. and 
Ave. 20, deeded recently to the city 
for street purposes, as "Ave. 20." 

Ave. 63; ord. of intention to im- 
prove said St. from Bertha St. to 110 
ft. north. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Alley; ord of intention to improve 
Alley W. of Westlake Ave., 6th to 
Orange. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Alley; ord. of intention to improve 
first Alley north of 8th, Valencia to 
Union. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Alley; pet. from Chaffey, et al., re- 
questing the establishment of grade of 
first alley east of Main st. bet. Wins- 
ton and 5th. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Alley; pet. from Josephine B. Camp 
et al., requesting that steps be taken 
to acquire for public purposes an al- 
ley running south from 2nd between 
Fremont and Beaudry. Ref. to Sts. 
and Blvds. Com. 

1st St.; pet. from Wm. Brill, et al., 
asking for the paving of 1st, Bailey 
to Boyle. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

2nd and Western; pet. from R. I. 
Thomson, et al., requesting a light at 
2nd and Western. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

3rd St.; pet. from 9th Ward Imp. 
Assn. requesting that proceedings be 
instituted for sidewalking in front of 
third lot west of St. Louis st. on the 
south side of East 3rd st. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

3rd St.; ord. of intention to improve 
3rd St., Saratoga to 339 feet southeast. 
Johnson Act. Adopted. 

4th St.; pet. from A. Raymer, et al., 
for the tunnelling of 4th st. Ref. to 
the Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

W. 7th St.; pet. from E. C. Wilson 
calling attention to the- condition of 
W. 7th st. beyond Westlake Park, 
caused by the L. A. Ry. Co. tearing 
up its track. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

9th St., Wilmington; ord. fixing 
and establishing curb lines on W. 9th 
St., north side. Adopted. 

W. 9th St., Wilmington; ord. chang- 
ing name of alley from I to K Sts., 
Wilmington, to West 9th St. Adopt- 
ed. 

W. 9th St., Wilmington; ord. chang- 
ing name of 9th St., from Oak to K. 
St. to West 9th St. Adopted. 

9th St., Wilmington; ord. establish- 
ing grade of W. 9th from F St. to 
Fries St. Adopted. 

10th St., Wilmington; ord. fixing 
and establishing curb lines on W. 10th 
St., each side between F St. and Bay 
View Tract No. 2. Adopted. 

11th St., Wilmington; ord. fixing 
and establishing curb lines on W. 11th 
St., F to Bay View Tr. No. 2. Adopt- 
ed. 

16th St.; pet. from G. C. Emery, 
et al., protesting against the assess- 
ment for the opening and widening 
of 16th St., Pacific ave. to Norman- 
die ave. 

17th St.; pet. from L. J. Goehring, 
et al., requesting that 17th st. bet. 
Naomi and Tennessee, be improved. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

18th St.; pet. from J. R. Keough, 



et al., for the improvement of 18th 
'St. between Naomi and Tennessee. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

35th St.; pet. from J. C. Kayser, 
et al., asking for improvement of 35th 
Western to St. Andrews place. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

54th St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove 54th, Compton Ave. to Fortuna. 
Bond Act. Adopted. 

74th St.; ord. establishing grade of 
S. side 74th, Moneta to Main. Adopt- 
ed. 

78th St.; ord. establishing grade of 
78th St., Normandie to Vermont. 
Adopted. 

78th St.; ord. granting permission 
to improve 78th, Vermont to Budlong 
Private Contract. Adopted. 

Arroyo Seco Bridge; City Eng. re- 
ported: "The County Surveyor has 
submitted to me, for approval, his 
plans for the bridge across the Ar- 
royo Seco in the extension of Pasa- 
dena avenue between Los Angeles 
and South Pasadena._ I transmit the 
same to your honorable body with a 
request that you approve them, if 
satisfactory." Approved by Council. 

Barton Ave.; ord. fixing and estab- 
lishing curb lines on Barton, Gower 
to Vine, each side. Adopted. 

Also ord. establishing grade of Bar- 
ton Avenue, Gower to Vine. Adopted. 

Bertha St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove said street from Echo St. to 
Ave. 63. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Bonnie Brae St,; pet. from D. L. 
Meley, et al., for improvement of 
Bonnie Brae St., 16th to Washington. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Buena Vista St. Bridge; City Eng. 
reported that in his opinion lions 
would look better than heads which 
were ordered as ornaments for said 
bridge. Figures were produced show- 
ing cost of such ornaments in con- 
crete, granite, imitation bronze and 
bronze. Ref. to Art Commission and 
Bridge Com. 

Cahuenga St.; ordinance changing 
and establishing the name of a cer- 
tain street between the north bound- 
ary line of the city as it existed prior 
to October 27, 1909, and Santa Mon- 
ica Blvd., to "Cahuenga St." Adopted. 

Canal St.; final ord. for the sewer- 
ing of Canal St. from water to 7th 
and other streets. Adopted. 

Carlton Ave., Hollywood; pet. from 
Wm. O. Jackson requesting that the 
grade be established on Carlton ave. 
from Lemona to Jackson way. Ref. 
to 'Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Carlton Way, Hollywood; ord. es- 
tablishing grade of Carlton Way from 
Lemona to Jackson Way. Adopted. 

Carnation Ave.; City Eng. furnished 
City Attorney the necessary descrip- 
tions for the vacation of a portion of 
Carnation avenue and Crown Ave., ly- 
ing westerly of Micheltorena St. 

Commercial St.; ord. of intention to 
improve Commercial and other Sts. 
between Alameda St. and the L. A. 
River. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Clifford St.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Clifford from W. terminus to 
Allesandro. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Commercial St.; ord. establishing 
name of Commercial St., N. Main to 
New High. Adopted. 

Concord St.; appeal from L. A. 
Hughes et al. appealing from the acts 
of the Board of Public Works in ac- 
cepting the improvement of Concord 
St. between First and Fourth Sts. 
Action deferred until Jan. 24th. 

Crenshaw Blvd.; ordinance chang- 
ing the name of Mont View Ave., or 
Montview Ave., to "Crenshaw Blvd." 
Adopted. 



Echo St.; ordinance of intention to 
improve Echo St. from Hays Ave. to 
the southerly terminus of Echo St. 
Bond Act. Adopted. 

Eleanor Ave.; ore. fixing and estab- 
lishing curb line of Eleanor Ave., 
Gower to Vine, each side. Adopted 

Eleanor Ave.; ord. establishing 
grade of Eleanor Ave., Gower to 
Vine. Adopted. 

Figueroa St.; protest from J. Mur- 
rietta et al, protesting against the 
change of grade of figueroa street 
from Boston street to a point 321.35 
feet north of College street, and other 
streets. Action deterred until Jan. 24. 

Hays Ave.; pet. from Harry L. 
Strob, et al., for the improvement of 
Hays ave., Avenue 60 to Avenue 61. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Fountain Ave.; ord. changing and 
establishing name of certain St. be- 
tween Hartford Ave. and W. bound- 
ary line of city to "Fountain Ave." 

Franklin Circle; ord. establishing 
curb lines on Franklin Circle, Vine St. 
to Franklin Ave. Adopted. 

Gramercy Place; ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing curb lines on Gramercy 
Place. 10th to Country Club Drive. 
Adopted. 

Highland Ave.; ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing curb lines on Highland 
Ave., Aldama to Granada. Adopted. 

Hobart Blvd.; ordinance changing 
and establishing the name of a certain 
street between Barrow St. and a cer- 
tain unnamed street, commonly 
known as "Benefit St."; to "Hobart 
Blvd." Adopted. 

Humboldt St.; ordinance of inten- 
tion to improve a portion of Hum- 
boldt St. and other streets, by con- 
structing storm sewers and appurte- 
nances. Adopted. This work is to 
be done under the Bond provisions of 
the Vrooman Act. 

Jefferson St.; ord. of intention to 
improve Jefferson, Vermont to West- 
ern Ave. Bond Act. Adopted. 

Juanita Ave.; ordinance changing 
and establishing the name of a cer- 
tain street between Temple St. and 
Melrose Ave., to "Juanita Ave." 
Adopted. 

Kent St.; pet. from N. Goff, et al., 
for the improvement of Kent St., Wa- 
terloo to Fanning. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. _ 

Lexington Ave.; ordinance chang- 
ing and establishing the name of a 
certain street between Holly St. and 
the west boundary line of the city, 
heretofore known as "Emelita Ave.," 
"Lexington Ave.," "Emmet Ave.," or 
"Cedar St.," to "Lexington Ave." 
Adopted. 

Lucile Ave.; ord. of intention to im- 
prove Lucile Ave. from 832 feet south 
of Sunset Blvd. to 1232 feet south of 
Sunset Blvd. Johnson Act. Adopted. 

Macy St.; City Eng. reported. "For 
some time this office has had an order 
to prepare plans for the paving of 
Macy St. between Main St. and the 
Los Angeles river. The preparation 
of these plans have been delayed from 
time to time on account of drainage 
conditions. I would recommend that 
the matter be referred to the City 
Council with the request that steps be 
once more taken leading to the con- 
struction of the Alameda St. storm 
sewer, and that if this cannot be 
brought about at once, that the paving 
of Macy St. be deferred until such 
sewer can be constructed." Ref. to 
Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Main St.; ord. fixing and establish- 
ing curb lines on Main between Slau- 
son and Manchester Ave. Adopted. 

Main St.; pet. from C.'L. Benham, 



et al., protesting against contempla- 
ted change in numbers on Main, 5th 
to 6th sts. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Main St.; City Eng. reported: "I 
recommend that I be instructed to 
prepare plans for the paving to its 
full width with asphalt of Main st. 
between Thirty-sixth place and the 
south line of Fifty-eighth st. Pro- 
ceedings are now under way for the 
opening of Main st. across the Santa 
Fe right of way and on this account 
it appears to me advisable to omit 
paving for the present between Fifty- 
eighth st. and.Slauson ave." Ref. to 
Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Marmion Way; pet. from C. O. 
Henry, et al., for sewering of Mar- 
mion way bet. Mt. Washington drive 
and Avenue 43. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Middlebury St.; ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing curb lines on Middlebury 
St., Hoover to Vermont. Adopted. 

Morcom Ave.; ord. of intention to 
improve Morcom Ave., Alvarado to 
Cerro Gordo. Bond Act. Adapted. 

Mozart St.; ordinance establishing 
■the name of Mozart St. between Av, 
16 and Av. 21. Adopted. 

North Broadway; protest from C. 
E. Donnatin et al, protesting against 
the change in grade of North Broad- 
way from Buena Vista St. Bridge to 
Cottage Home St. Action deferred 
until Jan. 31. 

Ord St.; ord. fixing and establishing 
curb lines on Ord St., Castelar to 
Yale, on each side. Adopted. 

Oregon St.; ordinance changing the 
name of Adelaide St. between Ezra 
St. and Camulos St., to "Oregon St." 
Adopted. 

Park Boulevard; pet. from the N., N. 
E. and N. W. Imp. Assn. submitting 
resolution in favor of constructing a 
boulevard from the present driveway 
between Elysian and Griffith Parks. 
Filed, for the reason that when Ales- 
sandro street has been improved it 
is the intention that this street will 
be a continuation and will be a con- 
necting link between Griffith and Ely- 
sian Parks. 

W. Pico St.; pet. from C. F. Stet- 
zel, et al., for permission to install a 
five horsepower electric motor at 720 
W. Pico. Ref. to Pub. Welfare Com. 

Roberts Ave.; ord. establishing curb 
lines on Roberts Ave., Vine to Frank- 
lin Circle. Adopted. 

St. Andrews Place; ordinance chang- 
ing the name of Victor Ave. to "St. 
Andrews Place." Adopted. 

Santa Monica Blvd.; deed from Ca- 
huenga Valley Lemon Ass'n. to por- 
tions of Lots 2 and 3 of Block 23, 
Colegrove, for the widening of Santa 
Monica Blvd. from Townsend Ave. 
easterly. Accepted. 

San Pedro Street Names; pet. from 
W. A. Weldon, et al., with reference 
to street names in San Pedro, and 
suggesting that if the names or num- 
bers of streets should conflict with 
corresponding numbers in Los Ange- 
les, then a prefix or affix of "S. P." 
should be added. Ref. to the Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Stoll St.; ordinance fixing and es- 
tablishing the curb line on the north- 
erly side of Stoll St. between the east- 
erly line of Pioneer Investment & 
Trust Company's Windemere Park 
and the westerly line of said Park. 
Adopted. Also on the southerly side 
between Arminta St. and Austin St., 
and between Austin St. and the west- 
erly line of Barrow's Subdivision, at 
15 feet northerly from and parallel 
with said southerly line o/ Stoll St. 
Adopted. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



IS 



Stanford Ave.; or,: • : in ten I 

. irom 45 th St. 
north. Johnson 

Sunset Blvd.; City Eng. reported: 
"I recommend that opening and 
widening proceedings be instituted to 
condemn the street known as Sunset 
boulevard, New Sunset boulevard and 
Hollywood boulevard, between Bene- 
boulcvard. to a width 
of 100 feet, between Benefit street and 
Hollywood boulevard, and a width ol 
80 feet between Vermont avenue and 
Wmona boulevard." Ret. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Vermont Ave.; ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing curb lines on Vermont 
6th to Los Fcliz Ave. Adopted. 

Vine St.; final ord. for the improve- 
ment of Vine street from Wilson Ave. 
to Fountain Ave. Adopted. 

Walton Ave.; ord. of intention to 
improve Walton Ave., 37th St. to 37th 
Place. Johnson Act. Adopted. 

Wesley Ave.; pet. from University 
of Southern California, et al., request- 
ing that the name of Wesley ave. be- 
tween Jefferson and Santa Monica, 
be changed to University place. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Westmoreland Ave.; ord. changing 
and establishing the name of a cer- 
tain street between Temple St. and 
Melrose Ave., to "Westmoreland 
Ave." Adopted. 

Wilshire Blvd.; ord. of intention to 
change and establish grade of Wil- 
shire Blvd., Benton Blvd. to former 
west boundary line of the city. 
Adopted. 

Wilton Place; ord. of intention to 
improve Wilton Place and other Sts. 
Bond Act. Adopted. 

Yale St.; ord. fixing and establish- 
ing curb lines bet. (3rd and Alpine. 
Adopted. 



BIDS RECEIVED 

6th St.; for improving Sixth street 
between that portion of Central ave- 
nue extending north from the said 
Sixth street and the west line of Ala- 
meda street. 

3rd Ave.: for improving Third ave- 
nue from Pico street to a point 935 
Feet north. 

Alta St.; no bids were received for 
improving Alta street between Mani- 
tou avenue and North Broadway, un- 
der Ordinance No. 21,365 (New 
Series). Bids for the said work will 
be again received Monday, January 
30. 1911. 

Alta St.; for improving Alta street 
from Manitou avenue to North 
Broadway. 

Lord St.; for sewering Lord street 
between the Arroyo de los Posos 
main sewer and Judson street. 

Stanford St.; for improving said 
street from 45th street to 135 feet 
north. 

Spence St.; for improving said 
street from Seventh street to Venice 
avenue. 

Municipal Ferry; for furnishing mu- 
nicipal ferry boat and landings to the 
city. 



BIDS AWARDED 
3rd St.; for street improvement 
from Saratoga street to 341 feet 
southeast. 

Marmion Way; for street improve- 
ment in Marmion Way, from Dayton 
avenue to the northeasterly terminus 
of =aid Marmion Way. 

Mesa St.; for sewer construction in 
Mesa street, between Twenty-second 
street and Twentieth street. 



GENERAL LEGISLATION 
52nd Place Tract; map of Tifel 
Brothers Fifty-second Place Tract. 
Adopted. 

Additional Firemen Wanted; rec- 
ommendation of Fire Com. that fol- 
lowing ext-a positions be provided: 
One captain, second class; one engi- 
neer, second class; one lieutenant, 
five firemen; in order to place in com- 



, Engine House 
it Euclid an Stephen- 
. .ol. to Supply Con. 

uuiDoard Licenses; oiu. requiring 
-c ol one iourtn oi .■ 
.til square foot ot tile lioiu 
uillboarUs and adver- 
Using llso limiting the 

iicignt iu y it. 4 in.; prohibiting bill- 
:icc district, exci 
;or sale, when 
- must not be larger than 4x4 ft 
Kef. to Legislation Com. 

Boyle tieignts Industrial District; 
pet. irom 1'rank A. Kelly, el al., ask- 
ing that the industrial district on the 
east side of the Los Angeles Kiver, in 
the southeast part of Boyle Heights, 
be enlarged so as to include the lands 
owned by petitioners as therein set 
forth. Kef. to the Pub. Welfare Com. 

Crossing Bells a Nuisance; pet. 
from John Fleigaus complaining ot 
the ringing of crossing bells on the 
Pacific Electric Railroad from oth st. 
uson Junction. Ref. to the Bd. 
of Pub. Utilities. 

Cross Town Car Line; Bd. of Pub. 
Utilities reported that it had withheld 
pet. of L. A. Ry. Co. for franchise for 
a street railway on parts of Alvarado, 
Hoover and Jefferson Sts., thence 
along Central Ave. and Vernon Ave., 
as Council had declared Alvarado St. 
from 7th to Hoover Sts. to be a pub- 
lic boulevard along or upon which no 
railroad franchise shall ever be grant- 
ed, and for this reason Bd. has held 
pet. in the endeavor to arrange with 
L. A. Ry. Co. a different route which 
may more or less satisfactorily meet 
th requirements of the people. 

Cow Limits; ord. including within 
cow district No. 2 that portion of the 
city from Thirty-eighth street on 
Hooper avenue to Vernon avenue and 
westerly on Vernon avenue to South 
Park avenue. Adopted. 

Disposal of Power; request of Con- 
solitation Commission that the Coun- 
cil be requested to provide for sub- 
mission to the people at the coming 
election of March 6, 1911, of the 
proposition whether the city shall it- 
self distribute the electrical energy 
belonging to the city to its inhabi- 
tants and other consumers, or sell 
the same, or any part thereof, at 
wholesale to the power companies for 
distribution to such consumers. Ref. 
to Public Welfare Com. 

Echo Park Playground; deed from 
John H. Folks for land in Echo Park 
Playground. Accepted. 

Election Supplies; City Clerk in- 
structed to advertise for bids on 90 
sets of election supplies. 

Electric Signs; petition from W. H. 
Clune et al, asking that the height of 
electric signs be changed from 20 to 
30 feet. Denied. 

Electric Wiring; recommendation 
of the Fire Chief requesting the en- 
actment of an ordinance regulating 
the installation of service wires and 
electric sign feed wires, providing for 
accessible shut off of electrical cur- 
rent into buildings other than resi- 
dences. Ref. to Legislation Com. 

Fire Apparatus; City Clerk in- 
structed to advertise for bids on the 
following motor propelled vehicles: 
One chemical and hose wagon, three 
fire dept. chassis, one hook and lad- 
der truck. 

Gamewell Demands Rejected by 
Auditor; City Auditor rejected de- 
mands of Gamewell Fire Alarm Tele- 
graph Co. which had been ordered 
paid by Council, claiming they were 
exhorbitant and illegal. Ref. to Sup- 
ply Com. and to City Atty. for re- 
port as to Council's power to recon- 
sider demands. 

Garbage Disposal; Inspector of Pub- 
lic Works reported: "When the pres- 
ent contract for the disposal of gar- 
bage was entered into the need of the 
city incinerator for the destruction of 
garbage ceased. The question arose 
as to what should be done with the 
incinerator. We have been advised of 
excessive charges which were being 



made by private pan .unp- 

lug oi combustible rubbish and m.ir- 

"1 recommend that the incinerator 

pi minted to i net an 
addition furnace, at Ins own expense; 
that the charges be modified and that 
the rubbish men and hauler- oi mar- 
ket refuse be compelled to deliver 
their material at the incinerator or 
the auxiliary plant." Kef. to Pub. 

Welfare Com. 

Gas Feed Pipes; recommendation 
of the Fire Chief relative to enact- 
ment of an ordinance regulating the 
installation of gas feed pipes in build- 
ings other than residences, providing 
for accessible shutoff. Ref. to Legis- 
lation Com. 

Gas Service Refused; in re-com- 
plaint of R. B. Young against Domes- 
tic Gas Co. gas bills and that the Los 
Angeles Gas & Electric Corporation 
lias refused to serve him with gas. 

Bd. Pub. Utilities reported: 

"That anyone whose residence is 
within one hundred (100) feet of a gas 
main has the right to insist upon the 
company furnishing him gas, and the 
fact that he was then supplied with 
gas by another company, which he de- 
sired discontinued, is no concern of 
the company from which he desires to 
take. 

"We therefore recommend that 
your honorable body pass such ordi- 
nance as may be requisite to give the 
city power to compel all utility cor- 
porations to comply with demands for 
service, and to render illegal, with 
proper penalties ensuing, any agree- 
ment or combination among such 
corporations, to withold service in 
territory served by both." Ref. to 
Legislation Com. 

Griffith Park Water System; City 
Clerk instructed to advertise for bids 
on galvanized iron pipe and fittings, 
also on steel pipe for said system. 

Harbor Rates; ord. fixing rates for 
wharfage in harbor, also fixing rates 
for docking charges for handling 
freight and providing for the license 
for taking tolls on wharves. Adopted. 

Highway to Harbor; communica- 
tion from the City Planning Commit- 
tee, suggesting that City Council be 
requested to see to it that the high- 
way between San Pedro, Wilmington 
and Los Angeles is completed at the 
earliest possible date. Filed, as the 
Board of Supervisors, who have this 
matter under their jurisdiction and 
control, are using their best efforts 
to have the said road or roads com- 
pleted at- the earliest possible date. 

Hollenbeck Park; pet. from 9th 
Ward Imp. Assn. for sidewalking on 
west side of Hollenbeck Park bet. 
E. 4th and E. 6th. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Loafing in River Bed; recommenda- 
tion of the Police Chief relative to 
the enactment of an ordinance regu- 
lating the use of the official bed of 
the Los Angeles River, making it un- 
lawful for anyone not engaged in la- 
bor or some lawful pursuit to loaf or 
sleep there. Ref. to Legislation Com. 

Municipal Railroad; City Eng, re- 
ported on request of Council for a re- 
port regarding a municipal railroad to 
connect the business district of Los 
Angeles with the harbor, and sug- 



oute to be followed, term- 
[ht yards, etc. 
Passage at Breakwater Wanted; 

• ni Frank A. Garbutt, et al., for 

mi. nt of a small boat pas- 

.,i the westerly extremity of the 

a government breakwater at 

San Pedro. Kef. lo the Harbor Com- 

ion. 

Protest Against Municipal Ferry; 

pel. from San 1'edro Trans. Co. pro- 

against the establishment or 

urn of any ferry by the city of 

Los Angeles within a mile of the 

ferry now being operated across the 

1 of the inner harbor of Los 

Angeles. Ref. to City Atty. 

Railway Companies and Street 
Openings; pet. from Henry C. Jen- 
i al, asking that efforts be put 
forth with the State Legislature to 
have a law enacted by which the rail- 
road and street car companies shall 
be compelled to pay their just pro- 
portion for opening and widening 
streets of this city. 

Filed. City Atty. reported to Coun- 
cil verbally that the matter would be 
taken up by Mr. Hewitt at the pres- 
ent session of Legislature. 

Redondo Railway Franchise; comn. 
from L. A. and Redondo Ry. Co., 
stating that there has been a mis- 
understanding with reference to the 
operation of its cars on the streets 
of the city and filing petition for 
franchise over the streets under con- 
sideration. Ref. to the Bd. of Pub. 
Utilities. 

Also pet. from L. A. & Redondo 
Ry. Co., applying for grant of fran- 
chise to construct and operate its 
railroad commencing at 35th st. and 
Grand ave.; thence to Jefferson St.; 
thence to Grand ave.; thence to 7th 
St.; thence to Broadway; thence to 
2nd st. to Spring st. 

Also commencing at 7th st. and 
Broadway; thence on Broadway to 
Main st.; thence on Moneta ave. to 
private right of way L. A. and Re- 
dondo Ry. Co. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Utilities. 

Sidewalk Displays; recommendation 
of Police Chief relative to the enact- 
ment of an ordinance regulating the 
use of sidewalks for the display of 
merchandise in space exceeding 18 in- 
ches in width from the property line 
in all sections of the city outside of 
the business district. Ref. to Legis- 
lation Com. 

Store Department for City; ord. 
creating a store dept. and regulating 
the purchase of materials and sup- 
plies. Ordinance abolishes the sup- 
ply department as it has been con- 
ducted and puts it on a footing similar 
to the purchasing department of rail- 
roads and corporations. Adopted. 
The storeroom is to be located in the 
new annex when it is completed. 

Street Speaking;' presented by Leg- 
islation Com., ordinance amending 
section 4 of Ordinance No. 20,534, 
prohibiting street speaking in the ter- 
ritory included between Los Angeles 
street from Third street up to and 
including the Plaza; thence west to 
New High street and thence south 
along New High street to connect 
with the present district. Ref. back 
to Legislation Com. for further con- 
sideration. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from Jan. 11 to 17 inclusive, showing com- 
parisons with corresponding weeks of 1910 and 1909: 

1911 1910 1909 

Jan. 11 $3,538,348.64 $2,972,245.72 $2,599,754.25 

Jan. 12 2.901,286.11 2,419.187.91 1.953,327.01 

Jan. 13 3,380.768.92 2,385,622.79 1,794.081.94 

Tan. 14 2,924,371.37 2.347.478.32 2.163.698.33 

Jan. 16 2,850,510.59 2,639,353.88 2,246,766.00 

Jan. 17 3,111,437.18 2.447,438.92 1,892.536.62 

Totals $18,706,722.81 $15,211,327.54 $12,650,164.15 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE — 38x56 on ground, six large rooms on ground floor, also bath, 
screen porch, and cement porch 8x38; two large bedrooms, bath room, 
and sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. 
Built last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE— $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



IRECTORY 



^= 



S"} Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. Cc~ 



APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

ARISTO ENGRAVING CO., 
Citizens National Bank Bldg., 3rd 
and Main Sts. 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 43 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones; Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickefing & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

PURITAS DISTILLED WATER 

DOS ANGELES ICE & COLD 
STORAGE CO. Phones Home 
10053; Sunset Main 8191. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & PARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Oast Investments. 

• 

STUDIOS TO RENT 

B LAN CHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AND MOVING 
BEKIN 5, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 . Broadway 3773 



Pacific Outlook 
La Follette' s Weekly 



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Year 




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PACIFIC 




Vol. X. Mo. 5 



Los Angelas, California, January 28, 1911 



5 Cents— $I.OO a Year 



LODGE COMES BACK 



v mauled, touseled and battered, his 
armor knocked to pieces and his banner 
trailing in the dust, the "Scholar-in-Poli- 
manages to crawl back into the Sen- 
ate — a sorry enough spectacle. He knows 
the people of his state do not want him. 
The proof of it lies in the overwhelming 
majority given the ex-Republican Foss for 
governor, who from every platform in Mas- 
sachusetts denounced Lodge and all his 
w.rks. But there was a legislature filled 
with representatives of special interest and 
hold-over politicians, a body in no sense 
responsive to the popular will, and just 
enough votes could be found to save Lodge 
from joining Hale, Depew, Dick, Flint, 
Burrow's, Aldrich and the rest of the 
Tories that are now transplanted into the 
Has-been column. 

But at what a cost! Henry IV. of 
France, he of Navarre and the white plume, 
said that Paris was worth a mass, and 
gave up his religion for a united kingdom. 
To win the senatorship Lodge, son-in-law 
of the Carpet Trust, was compelled to sur- 
render the most sacred tenets of the High 
Tariff Rake-off, viz.: Revision in the mass 
and revision by politicians rather than by 
experts. When the Aldrich revision up- 
, wards of 1909 was in progress, who voted 
straighter than Lodge? Nobody except 
Flint the lemon-lover of California. And 
who more fierce than Lodge in denounc- 
ing the plan of a revision by separate 
schedules? When the poor little faint- 
hearted plea of President Taft for a com- 
mission to study tariffs and report on them 
from a non-political, business standpoint 
came before the Senate, whose sneers and 
jeers were crueller than those of the Mas- 
sachusetts senator? One phrase after an- 
other was struck out of the bill describing 
the powers of the proposed ' commission, 
until its members were reduced to the rank 
of errand boys, and it was only by the 
most outrageous stretching of executive 
authority, worse than the worst his pre- 
decessor ever attempted, that President 
Taft galvanized the commission into a sem- 
blance of real life. 

The Scholar in Politics! It is an an- 
cient tale but it applies to Lodge as to 
no other man in public life: that the poli- 
ticians think he is a great scholar, and the 
scholars think he is a great politician, and 
at that the scholars have largely the best 
of the argument. Thanks to father-in-law's 
millions and to a set smile he has made 
some progress in politics, but the scholar- 
ship claim assays nothing but " a few 
commonplace lives of statesmen and some 
limited excursions into the fields of his- 
tory. 

There is one good thing to be said for 
Lodge, and that is that he has won the 
loyal friendship of Theodore Roosevelt. It 
is quite possible but that for the Colonel's 
endorsement in this campaign, Lodge 
would not have been able to return to the 
Senate. Teddy's weak spot always lay in 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 

C. D. WILLARD \„ . u . _. v 

A. J. PILLSBURY i Contrlbutin g Editors 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacihc Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered as second-class matter April 5, 1907, at 
the postofflce at Los Angeles, California, under the 
act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

his judgment of men, a fact of which Lodge 
is not the most conspicuous visible proof, 
there being another exhibit weighing 200 
pounds heavier. 

However, the new Lodge will not be 
found as dangerous as the old. His states- 
manship is largely of the band-wagon va- 
riety. He shines in the reflected light of a 
majority. When Aldrich is in the saddle 
he is an Aldrich man, but with Insurgents 
holding the reins, he is likely to turn 
progressive. At all events, he is pretty 
well committed on the two principal issues 



iriff reform — voting by separate 
schedules and the preparation of figures by 
a commission of experts, 
t ♦ ♦ 

THE ALDRICH FINANCIAL SCHEME 



TO CALIFORNIA WEEKLY 
READERS: 



Pacific Outlook announces that 
Mr. A. J. Pillsbury, former editor 
of the California Weekly, has 
joined the staff of this paper as 
associate contributing editor. Mr. 
Pillsbury will also continue in Pa- 
cific Outlook, "Political Table 
Talk, by the Watchman." 

If you were a subscriber to the 
California Weekly at the time it 
suspended publication and will 
address a postal card to the Paci- 
fic Outlook, 3 1 1 E. 4th St., Los 
Angeles, requesting that it be 
substituted for the California 
Weekly, this publication will be 
sent to your address for the re- 
mainder of the unexpired sub- 
scription. 



< >ur California dailies, being chief!} i m 
cerned with that which is local and 
ephemeral, it has been needful to await the 

arrival of eastern papers to tell us what the 
Aldrich currency plan contemplates. It 
behooves all to take notice. 

Nor are we wholly justified in dismiss- 
ing the Aldrich plan with the exclamation 
that, being from Aldrich, it must needs lie 
in the interests of The Interests and an- 
tagonistic to the common good. The pre- 
sumption lies that way, but it is a presump- 
tion which investigation may overcome. 
There is a possibility of Aldrich being 
right, the more especially as he is evidently 
preparing to meet his God and hopes to 
crown his public career with at least one 
meritorious act to his cr/edit. A jfew 
whiffs of brimstone are sometimes wonder- 
fully disinfecting. Let the Aldrich plan be 
considered as apart from Aldrich as pos- 
sible. 

For we do know that our existing finan- 
cial system is unstable, wont to become 
panical upon occasion and to stampede 
spreading consternation and ruin in its 
path. All countries suffer financial depres- 
sions and financial panics occur here and 
there now and again, but in the United 
States we have financial disturbances as 
often as some dipsomaniacs go on sprees, 
and it behooves us to find a remedy for our 
attacks of financial nerves if we may. 

What, then, is the Aldrich idea? 

It is, in merest outline, this: There shall 
be a "Reserve Association of America," 
which would seem to be a central bank un- 
der a name that smells more sweet. The 
starting point is to be local associations of 
national banks formed all over the country 
with not less than ten banks in each asso- 
ciation and having not less than $5,000,000 
of capital and surplus combined. Each lo- 
cal association shall elect a board of direc- 
tors, three-fifths of such board being 
elected by the banks as individuals and 
two-fifths by the same banks in proportion 
to their holdings of shares in the "Reserve 
Association of America." 

For a next step the whole country is to 
be divided into fifteen reserve districts 
with a branch of the Reserve Association 
in each such district. Each of the local 
reserve associations will elect a director of 
the branch association for that district, and 
these directors will forthwith meet and 
proceed to elect two-thirds as many more 
directors as were already elected, this 
time, however, in proportion to the number 
of shares the respective local associations 
hold in the "Reserve Association of Amer- 
ica." The final step in constituting the 
the district directorship is to elect to the 
directorate another third of the number of 
locals in the branch, but this time from 
business men not officers of banks, a bit 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



of outside leaven to take off the taint of 
being wholly a bankers' institution. 

The "Reserve Association of America," 
the monument to Aldrich of which the lo- 
cal associations form the base and the dis- 
trict associations the pedestal, is to have 
forty-five directors, six of whom shall be 
the governor of the reserve association and 
two deputies, appointed by the President of 
the United States, the secretary of the 
treasury, secretary of commerce and labor 
and controller of the currency, all direct 
representatives of the executive .branch of 
government. Representatives of the legis- 
lative branch of national and state govern- 
ments are ineligible to participation at any 
point. Fifteen directors are elected, one 
from each branch as a branch and twelve 
more elected in proportion to the shares held 
in the "Reserve Asociation of America." 
Finally, this board so constituted elects 
twelve more directors fairly representative 
of the commercial, agricultural arid indus- 
trial interests of the country who are not 
officers of banks, although bank directors 
are not, in any case, to be classed as bank 
officers. "The Reserve Association of 
America" is now ready for business. 

What will it do? 

It will take over all of Uncle Sam's money 
without interest and, as part compensation, 
pay all of Uncle Sam's bills without charg- 
ing him exchange; fix rates of discount 
and foreign exchange from time • to time, 
take over the note-issuing function of the 
national banks as rapidly as present issues 
are retired or additional issues are needed, 
receive deposits from association banks 
only, rediscount their paper for them when- 
ever required, establish correspondent 
banks in foreign countries, issue its own 
notes upon its own assets to supply cur- 
rency in panical times or in other seasons 
of stress, borrow where there is money in 
surplus and lend where there is demand 
and, in short, so equalize the ebb and flow 
of fluid capital as to make our currency and 
banking system stable, at once beyond the 
manipulation of partisan politics and of 
great, selfish, designing special interests. 
All profits above five per cent are to go to 
the national government. The Aldrich 
plan might do it. But look into it. * 
* + * 

THE PRISON PROBLEM 



California needs a reformatory for first 
offenders. It needs other things. It can 
not have all the things it needs all at once. 
That thing which it needs most should 
come first. What is it? The State Board 
of Prison Directors say that California 
most needs to have the prisons it has put 
into such condition as will make it pos- 
sible to transform those graduate schools 
of criminality into reformatory institutions. 
They are right. 

Public sentiment in California has not 
been adequately educated on the subjects 
of penology, criminology and reformation. 
It is under the old dispensation of an eye 
for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, and 
one reason why it has not been better edu- 
cated is because the spoils of office system 
has characterized the conduct of all our 
reformatory and penal institutions. Con- 
victs, or, speaking in the vernacular of the 
priso.n atmosphere, "cons," are looked upon 
as being enemies to society whose first 
need is to be roundly come up with, the 
second consideration being to keep them 
where the dogs cannot bite them so that so- 



ciety may be protected from them. What 
finally becomes of them has been of small 
public concern. It is time to usher in a 
new order of penology, and that new order 
should begin with the abolition of the 
State Board of Prison Directors, mainly 
composed of patronage purveyors who, at 
best, can only give odd hours to the busi- 
ness in hand, and the substitution for it of 
a state department of prisons and reforma- 
tories with a general superintendent at its 
head empowered to so organize his de- 
partment as to cover the whole problem 
of criminality from the juvenile delinquent 
to that occasional congenital criminal who, 
for the protection of society, must ibe 
caged like a bear in a zoological garden 
until death bursts the bars and sets a ma- 
lignant spirit free. 

Such a department rightly headed may 
so transform our whole problem of deal- 
ing with criminality as to make another 
state institution superfluous. But that 
consummation will not have been reached 
without first bringing the whole prison 
problem under the care of trained men who 
give their whole time to the work, without 
so educating the judges of criminal courts 
that they may be, at any rate, less than 
mediaeval in the conception of their duties, 
without taking the public into the fullest 
confidence and giving it at least an ele- 
mentary education in the science of pen- 
ology, or without so constituting our penal 
institutions as to make it possible to do 
reformatory work within their walls. Let 
us begin at the beginning by putting our 
prison houses in order and submitting to 
the people an amendment to the constitu- 
tion abolishing the state board of prison 
politicians and giving the legislature full 
power to organize a department for the 
punishment and prevention of crime. 

But the best we can hope for under any 
system will be only as good as public sen- 
timent demands. Our existing system, 
abominable though it is, is as good as pub- 
lic sentiment has required. California has 
been contented with low standards. We 
have been contented to be governed by a 
railroad for the benefit of that railroad, 
contented to put up with such an adminis- 
tration of all our institutions as might be 
hoped for from pliant tools of special in- 
terests and there is not an institution in 
the state, from the State University down, 
that has not ibeen contaminated by this 
baneful influence. Every such institution 
has had to go to these low-grade men for 
whatever was needed to sustain it and that 
necessity has proven debasing. 

Give God the praise, but there is a new 
order in our political life and with the 
progress of that new order will come an 
elevation of standards in the institutional 
life of the state. The new spirit will be all 
pervasive. It will reach the judge on the 
bench, the jailor in his office, the sanctum 
of every newspaper, the pulpit of every 
church, the fireside of every home. There 
is not a state in this union whose jails alone 
do not create more criminality than all the 
prisons and reformatories of such states can 
redeem to good citizenship, and any 
scheme of punishment and reformation 
that leaves the city and county jails out of 
consideration will fail of making good. 

One of the first wrongs to be righted is 
that of the attitude of organized labor to- 
ward prison labor. It is irrational but not 
unnatural. It grew out of the system of 
contracting prison labor to private inter- 
ests, a system that never should have 



gained a foothold in any civilized country. 
It is not the competition with free labor 
that hurts. If those men were out of pris- 
on and at work they would be in competi- 
tion with free labor.- It is the unfairness 
of that competition that hurts, and with 
the removal of that utafairness, there 
should be removed the last objection, not 
only of setting prisoners to work, but to 
paying them or their families something 
over and above their keep for the work 
they do. How those poor striped devils 
will work for a chance to accumulate a lit- 
tle stake to go out with ! Or for something 
to send home to the family while they are 
doing penance for their wrong ! And what 
a new light it does let in upon those dark- 
ened lives in the radiance of which to lay 
the foundation for a new manhood! Every 
prison should be a factory, every reforma- 
tory a trade school, every so-called reform 
school a school in fact, with the farm and 
the shops for the boy and not the boy for 
the farm and the shops, as has been the 
case in California and nearly everywhere 
else. 

There is a great work ahead crying to 
be done, crying for a public sentiment that 
will put up with nothing short of the best 
that may be done to prevent crime as well 
as to punish it. As good a first step as 
any will be to so equip the penal system 
we have as to make it possible for it to do 
more good than harm. It is not now. 
+ * * 

THE TWO DROMIOS 



After long pretense of ignoring the issue 
and then backing away and dodging it for 
a quarter of a century or more, the Ameri- 
can Senate and the English House of 
Lords are simultaneously brought face to 
face with the question of their own refor- 
mation. 

Our American House of Peers is not in 
favor of the election of its members by the 
people. Why? Because they • know — the 
great majority of them — that if the matter 
had been left to the people, they, the pres- 
ent members would not have been chosen. 

The English senators want no reform in 
their august body. Why? Because they 
know perfectly well that any change which 
would be beneficial to the nation as a whole 
would inevitably, derive them of privi- 
leges they now enjoy at the expense of the 
people. 

Senators may dodge and squirm and 
peers may rave and rant, but the world 
moves and the people will come into their 
own. 

* * + 

THE LADIES' PRIVILEGE 



Just before leaving Sacramento, whither 
she went to urge legislators not to vote 
to submit the woman's suffrage amend- 
ment, Mrs. Caswell of Los Angeles gave 
an interview to a newspaper in which she 
says, or is made to say, that many mem- 
bers of the Legislature who are voting for 
the submission of the amendment have told 
her that they would rather vote "no" on the 
question, but are compelled to obey the 
wishes of the Governor. Furthermore, Mrs. 
Caswell says that she is unable to see any 
difference between the present arrange- 
ment, where men are forced to vote against 
their convictions through the power of the 
executive, and the old machine method of 
boss rule in this state. 

Thus we meet again, coming from a new 
and unexpected source, the familiar reac- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



that the organized effort of 
the party lead ibout the fulfill- 

ment of tlic party's pl< 

itutcs a "machine," and that all ma- 
chines and al and all leaders arc 
.ilike and equally reprehensible. 
: with this "I wanted-to-vot< 
you-but-could-not-bccause-I - was - coerced" 
I as politics, as old as man- 
kind. Men will lie handily to one another 

, this subject, and when it conns to ex- 
plaining a vote to a lady — really, it is too 
perfect an alibi to be overlooked in time of 
tit 

Mrs. Caswell and her small but devoted 
band of anti's arc contending that woman 
is endangering her privileges in her pursuit 
of rights, and there is a good deal of merit 
in that idea. It is not strange that it 
should take hold particularly among those 
women whose means (or that of their hus- 
bands) and whose social position ensures 
them the good fortune of having those priv- 
ileges respected to the fullest. 

But foremost among these privileges in 
whose behalf rights are to be sacrificed is 
that of being lied to by men. It is part 
of that superb, old-time gallantry which the 
stronger sex should always show to the 
weaker, never to tell a woman the truth, 
particularly if it is in any way disagree- 
able. "You are the only woman I ever 
loved." "I mistook you for your daugh- 
ter." "I wanted to vote your way but 
couldn't." It is all of the same order. It 
it part of the program to treat woman as 
an inferior being, as a child. Most men 
have a theory that women like it. For that 
matter, most men would rather receive a 
bit of flattery than be told some disagree- 
able truth. 

Now it is a fact that the Governor and 
Mr. Lissner, chairman of the state com- 
mittee, and Senator Works and the lead- 
ing men of the Legislature all maintain 
that since the party pledged itself in its 
platform to present the suffrage amend- 
ment to the people of the state for them 
to vote upon, there was only one hon- 
orable thing to do, and that was to fulfill 
the pledge. They made their views on that 
subject generally known, and as their in- 
fluence carries weight— and should carry 
weight — it no doubt moved some waver- 
ing votes in that direction. Any man who 
felt strongly on the issue, however, could 
do exactly as he pleased and run no risk 
of serious disfavor; because the matter 
was not one in which the administration 
was vitally concerned — as it is, for exam- 
• pie, in the railway bill. 

As to the remainder of the lady's inter- 
view, that she can see no difference be- 
tween, the "bossing" now in progress at 
Sacramento and that in vogue under the 
Southern Pacific regime, we prefer to al- 
low ourselves the privilege of believing she 
did not say it. The paper in which it ap- 
pears, which the public of Los Angeles will 
readily identify when we say it is the one 
that always prints a filthy story on its first 
page, never hesitates to warp an interview 
to fit its reactionary brand of politics. So 
we will give Mrs. Caswell the benefit of the 
doubt. If it were possible that a cultivated 
and experienced woman, like this one, were 
actually unable to recognize the difference 
between the frank and open use of the 
logical influence of party leaders to bring 
about the keeping of party pledges set forth 
in the published platform, threshed out in 
a campaign and accepted by the voters, and 
the crafty secret work of men like Walter 



Parker and Jcrc Burke, in the pay of the 
Southern Pacific, ordering the votes of a 
brigade of machine legislators down to the 
smallest detail, and shaping n not 

for the benefit of the people, and not for 
the keeping of party pledges, but for the 
betrayal of the public interest to the greed 
of a corporation — if such a woman cat 
no difference between the old order and the 
new, then she presents in the evident ob- 
scuration of her intellect a more potent ar- 
gument against allowing women to vote 
than any she put forward at Sacramento. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

END OF PRIZE-FIGHTING 



The present Legislature is likely to put 
an end to the prize-fight game, and 
several measures, all of them drastic, are 
under consideration, with a certainty that 
some one of them will carrv. The one that 
meets with greatest favor among people 
who havo had practical exerience with this 
problem absolutely forbids all fighting ex- 
hibitions, ignoring the matter of weight of 
gloves, number of rounds and everything 
else. This would, it is said, make a friendly 
bout with soft gloves at a Y. M. C. A. gym- 
nasium impossible. Boxing is an ancient 
and a pretty game which a lot of ruffians 
and gamblers, ably assisted bv the news- 
papers, have commercialized and ruined. 
Sad experience seems to show that it is im- 
possible to make any kind of legislation that 
distinguishes between the prize-fight and 
the innocent boxing match do the work re- 
quired. One way or another, the pugs man- 
age to hide behind it, and the result is that 
the game goes on. In laws controlling the 
liquor traffic, horse racing, prize fighting 
and such matters there is always an urgent 
plea, put forward often by very excellent 
people, that drastic legislation should be 
avoided. The disagreeable fact is that as a 
rule nothing but drastic legislation is any 
earthly good in such cases. 

MUNICIPAL PLANT ECONOMIES 



It is frequently urged by those who are 
opposed to municipal operation of utilities 
that it is impossible to effect economy on 
the side of the payroll. Tacoma has just 
been reorganizing its force in the municipal 
lighting plant and in the last three months 
has cut down the pay roll $5000, or $20,000 
a year. Few reductions were made. The 
saving was accomplished by the discharge 
of a number of men and an increase in the 
amount of work required of the remainder. 
There were some advances of salary to com- 
pensate for added work. 

MUNICIPAL NEWSPAPER FOR LOS 
ANGELES 



A curious misunderstanding has come 
about with respect to Charter Amendment 
No. 15 in the series to be voted upon next 
March by the people of Los Angeles. It 
includes among the powers of the city this 
provision : "to publish a newspaper and to 
sell and distribute the same." That is all 
there is of the amendment — just those ele- 
ven words, and yet reading the comments 
one is led to suppose that all sorts of radical 
things are proposed. We have not looked 
the matter up, but would be disposed to 
w-ager that the same provision will be found 
among the charter powers of a dozen or 
more American cities. This must be so — or 
at least should be so — for there are a dozen 
or more of them that are publishing papers 



three of them dailies and the rest 
weeklies, Some of these contain wh; 

known as city printing and some do not. In 
European cities the practice of running a 
municipal paper to contain city notices and 
advertisements is well-nigh universal. With 
the contrary, it has bi imary 

to use this printing for local newspaper 
graft. The charter provision is nol ma 
tory ; it simply gives the city the powi 
be exercised whenever it sees lit. 
+ * * 

PERPETUAL FRANCHISE 

The Supreme Court of Oregon holds that 
a city has no right to grant a utility com- 
pany a perpetual franchise, Many of the 
franchises held by street car companies in 
Eastern cities are for 999 y-ears. Some of 
these companies moved by a dread that 
some court might call this a perpetual fran- 
chise and cause it to be annulled have se- 
cured a 50-year limit instead. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 
PRESS COMMENT 



The Vote Sellers 

Recent political news from Ohio gives 
one an edifying glimpse of the mass ofJ 
cheerful and impenetrable stupidity which 
exists in the world. No doubt those Rus- 
sians who marched up to be shot at by the 
Little Father's Cossacks in defense of their 
right to present a petition to the throne, or 
those Finns who sacrificed blood and liberty 
in support of their constitution, would be 
considerably disconcerted at learning that 
hundreds of theoretically respectable Ohio- 
ans, possessing far greater political privi- 
leges, gavlv bartered them away for a few 
dollars in current coin. Probably the same 
Ohioans would have fought a czar who took 
away their right to vote. They were too 
dull to understand that somebody had 
fought for that right in the past and some- 
body would have to fight again in the fu- 
ture to regain it if its keeping now were ex- 
clusively in hands as little guided by in- 
telligence as their own. 

There is- a good deal of vote selling in this 
country. It is as prevalent, we lielieve, 
cmong the native-born as among the toreign- 
born. Never having known anything but 
free institutions, they fail to understand that 
such institutions are not the free, irrevoc- 
able gift of Nature, but a result of much 
human sacrifice. They would amend Lin- 
coln's Gettysburg Address to read : "That 
we here highly resolve that these dead shall 
not have died in vain; that this nation, un- 
der God, shall have a new birth of freedom, 
and that government of the people by the 
people for the people shall not perish from 
the earth — unless we can get four dollars for 
our vote." 

Incidentally it is a proof of the relative 
goodness of our Government; for not even 
a vote seller would barter away his ballot 
unless he felt perfectly sure that his essen- 
tial liberty would be undisturbed, no mat- 
ter who might be elected. — Saturday Even- 
ing Post. 



A stronger argument for peace than Car- 
negie's $10,000,000 is our annual pension 
roll. — Wall Street Journal. 



Somebody ought to put a want ad in the 
Congressional Record for whitewash that 
will stick. — Washington Post. 



Something must be done this year to re- 
duce the high cost of high flying. — Chatta- 
nooga Times. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



POLITICAL TABLE TALK 



By THE WATCHMAN 



The Problem of The issue of alien 
Alien Ownership ownership of land 
is inconvenient 

whenever raised and troublesome 
whoever raises it, and yet it is an is- 
sue that will not down. It must not 
down. Be it remembered there is no 
divinity to save us the consequences 
of our own acts. Divine grace may 
forgive us our iniquities but their con- 
sequences go on and on. Our 
blunders share the same fatalities that 
befall our iniquities. Their conse- 
quences last. Not many understand 
that the most stupendous economic 
fact in human history has taken place 
here where we live and while we are 
living, but such is the truth. That 
star of empire that took its prehistoric 
way westward from the uplands of 
Asia now stands over the Pacific 
Coast as stood the Star of the East 
over the manger at Bethlehem of 
Judea. Shall it go on? Shall it go 
back? Shall it stay where it is? Shall 
the issue be determined by legislation, 
by war or by that struggle of the 
fittest to survive that requires ages to 
be worked out? Where shall the 
border line between the Aryan and 
the Mongolian be established? Or 
shall it be established at all? Shall 
the frontier of Aryan migration be 
fixed at the 180th meridian west of 
Greenwich or at the 130th, or shall it 
recede to the 120th? Or shall there be 
a mezotint, twilight zone of amalga- 
mation betwixt white and yellow that 
shall extend from perhaps the 120th 
meridian west longitude to possibly 
the 150th east of Greenwich, dedicat- 
ing the Pacific Coast and Pacific 
Ocean to miscegenation and human 
mongrelism? Our legislators fondly 
think that they are dealing with alien 
land ownership in California, and 
they find that quite perplexing enough, 
but these are the problems they are 
really attacking. Is it any wonder 
that our statesmen, from Governor 
down, put their hands to their fore- 
heads to mitigate the ache of per- 
plexity? 



Some Elemental This alien owner- 
Fundamentals ship issue will 
neither down nor 
will it yield to off-hand treatment. 
There are many parties in interest. 
Commerce between Aryan and Mon- 
golian there must be. Therefore there 
must be commercial residential rights 
for all peoples among all peoples. 
Stick a peg there. Such residential 
rights carry with them rights to 
schools, to full public participation in 
those utilities that are meant for the 
public, including leasehold and title in 
fee to residential and commercial 
properties; but these concessions im- 
ply neither agricultural nor industrial 
participation, rights of suffrage nor 
liability to be called into military or 
civil service. All these relations are 
to be determined by the treaty mak- 
ing powers and usages of nations and 
are not subjects for state legislation 
except in the absence of national 
legislation on the subject. Commer- 
cial comity among nations will in- 
volve something of racial amalgama- 
tion, but not enough to hurt for the 
reason that an alien strain submerged 
in a denizen mass soon runs out. The 
progeny of American and Japanese is 
half cast, the next generation is quar- 
ter blood, the next eighth, sixteenth, 
thirty-second. The fourth or fifth 
generation leaves not a trace of alien 
blood to give a tinge to the skin or 
a slant to the eye. But with indus- 
trial and agricultural migrations it is 
different. Either amalgamation or 
race antagonism are inevitable with 



the greater likelihood in favor of both 
of them. Races cannot live together 
in separateness and peace except one 
race consent to be a serving class for 
the other, a status as demoralizing 
for the served as for the serving. It 
involves both races in a common ruin 
and leaves them witn nothing else in 
common except economic and moral 
failure. But neither Aryan nor Mon- 
golian is or has ever consented to be 
a servile race. These two races 
differ as widely as the ocean 
that separates them. Individ- 
uals may serve individuals pro and 
con, but neither race will serve the 
other race. They must dwell to- 
gether as equals or not at all, and if 
they try to dwell together as equals 
there will be amalgamation or war to 
the point of extermination. The even- 
tuality is fraught with greater' hazards 
than either race can afford to take. 
Therefore it were best that they live 
apart. 



hence? The need makes huge de- 
mands upon human capacity, knowl- 
edge and wisdom. 



On Industrial and Wherever the 
Agricultural Lines boundary between 
Aryan and Mon- 
golian civilizations is set up it will be 
based on industrial and agricultural 
lines. Neither people will be allowed 
to settle industrially or agriculturally 
in the territory of the other. The 
workingman and the agricultural la- 
borer must be rigidly and mutually 
excluded and land ownership must be 
mutually limited to commercial pur- 
poses and uses incident thereto. This 
is the problem. The legislature of 
California cannot settle it but it can 
force it upon national and interna- 
tional attention, which also will be a 
valued public service. 'California con- 
vinced the nation and the world of 
the wisdom and justice of Chinese 
exclusion. It can do the same with 
Japanese. It can compel the erec- 
tion of the industrial and agricultural 
barrier between these two races and 
dedicate that barrier to the lasting 
peace of the world. Than this it was 
never given to any people to perform 
a greater service to humanity, but we 
must proceed with caution, in a spirit 
of courtesy and conciliation, yet with 
firmness and clarity of mind. We 
must not strive to usurp those func- 
tions that belong to the treaty making 
power of the national government, 
but if this is to be a white man's 
country only white men must be 
eligible to the ownership of its agri- 
cultural lands. Right there is the 
crux of the whole issue. 



A Land Policy The problem of alien 
fcr California ownership of agri- 
cultural land will be 
found to involve, or at least open the 
way for, the formulation of a sound 
land policy for the state. California 
needs agricultural settlement and de- 
velopment and nothing should be done 
that seriously will retard it. Home- 
owning needs to be encouraged. Land- 
lordism is to be dreaded. We have 
hundreds of alien home owners, very 
desirable ones, too. It is oriental 
ownership and settlement that we 
need to prevent rather than alien. 
We cannot well prohibit corporate 
ownership of agricultural land, but 
if we permit agriculture to be carried 
on upon a manufacturing basis we 
shall destroy our civilization almost 
as certainly as though we permitted 
our coast to be overrun by a Mon- 
golian peasant proprietorship. Would 
it not be a good thing for this legis- 
lature to appoint a commission to 
study the land problem as the prob- 
lem of taxation was studied that wise 
legislation may be reported two years 



Shameless Abuse If anything were 
of Opportunity needed to empty 
the last few dregs 
of honor out of the gubernatorial of- 
fice before leaving it the devices em- 
ployed by former Governor Gillett to 
"appropriate the public service," as 
Governor Jonnson expresses it, in the 
cases of Bank Superintendent, Labor 
Commissioner and Building and Loan 
Commissioners, should make up the 
deficiency. By a "pussy wants a cor- 
ner" game of resignation and reap- 
pointment it was sought to tie Gov- 
ernor Johnson's hands as to these 
positions throughout his term of of- 
fice. The wonder is that Mr. Herrin's 
governor did not play the game to the 
limit, but it is possible that incum- 
bents of other offices had too much of 
self respect to make them parties to 
any such transaction. It is to be 
hoped so. Whatever the legislature 
can do to prevent any such chicanery 
in the future should be done and 
whatever the legislature may do to 
undo the mischief done should be 
done. It is not, as most politicians 
and newspaper reporters assume it to 
be, an issue of official scalps. It is an 
issue of responsibility and efficiency 
in government. The progressive wing 
of the Republican party in California 
is responsible to California for the 
government of the state during the 
next four years. With that respon- 
sibility should go the power needful 
to discharge it and that responsibility 
cannot be discharged as to these three 
important functions of government so 
long as the heads of those depart- 
ments are Herrin men. It was nat- 
ural that Mr. Herrin should wish to 
do all that he could for Mr. Alden An- 
derson who, to serve the purposes of 
Herrin, had given up all that a woman 
gives up when she gives up her all. 
It was natural, too, that Mr. Herrin 
should wish to find a good place for 
Charley Curry who, with but a single 
reservation, has served him well and 
truly for many a year. Transue is a 
negligible quantity and was provided 
with a corner merely that Curry might 
be provided with one; but Mr. Herrin 
had no right to demand of James N. 
Gillett that, before vacating the of- 
fice that Herrin had provided him, he 
do that which could not enrich Her- 
rin but left the retiring governor poor 
indeed. It was a miserable business 
participated in by miserable men and 
not a man of them but will repent 
himself of his share in it. 



Board of Things at Sacramento seem 
Control to be shaping in the direc- 
tion of the board of con- 
trol idea of administration. It is a 
good idea if it can be worked out well. 
It is a great deal better idea than that 
of administration through ex-officio 
boards made up of officials who have 
so much work of their own to do 
that they can scarcely maintain a 
speaking acquaintance with the sev- 
eral boards to which they belong. For 
instance the Governor, Secretary of 
State, and Attorney General consti- 
tute the State Board of Examiners 
and, with the addition of the State 
Forester they constitute the State 
Board of Forestry, with the addition 
of the Secretary of State, Board of 
Health and the General Superintendent 
of the statehospitals they constitute the 
State Lunacy Commission. The petty 
patronage attached to these offices is 



about all that makes them attractive 
to the Secretary of State or Attorney 
General and these officers are of pre- 
cious little value to these boards and 
to the public needs they are intended 
to subserve. A much better arrange- 
ment than that which has prevailed 
for many years would be to abolish 
the boards above enumerated and rest 
content with in their places, a state 
examiner, the general superintendent 
of the state hospitals and the state 
forester, each being responsible for 
his department to the Governor and 
holding office at his pleasure. If the 
board of control idea is entered upon 
that board should be made to take 
the places of a number of boards and 
the Lieutenant Governor should be 
placed at the head of it. It would 
make him an active part of the ad- 
ministration and would not be greatly 
inconsistent with his other duties, 
but The Watchman does not know 
that this can be done without amend- 
ing the constitution. Anyhow the 
present cumbersome and irrespon- 
sible board system should be super- 
ceded by something more simple, di- 
rect and responsible. 



A Season of Nothing pleases the 
Good Feeling ordinary good citizen 
better than the con- 
cord that seems to exist in the Legisla- 
ture between the progressive Repub- 
licans and the progressive Democrats. 
Let us hope that it may last the ses- 
sion through, but if it does it will sur- 
vive all that political mischief-makers 
can do. Partisan Republicans will , 
(Continued on page 7.) 




Leading Clothiers (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streoia... 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS 



PURITAS 

DISTILLED WATER 

PURE 

WHOLESOME 

HEALTHFUL 

FIVE GALLONS, 40 CENTS 

Delivered within the old city 
boundary lines. 

Los Angeles Ice & 
Cold Storage Co. 

Phone Home 10053; Sunset 
Main 8191 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Louisville's Seal: Ken- 

. had a city seal, the 
. r which >■ uncd 

if the type 
a prize contest, in 
a great many designs were sub- 
', the city has accepted one, the 
Feature of which is a lot ol 
ng buildings. The old lot 
was discarded because it looked 
■Ions and out-of-date; but, who 
j years from now the sky- 
scraper may be regarded as a blem- 
nd a back-number. In the city 
ty years hence beauty and good 
will count for more than 
big profits to a few rich men. 



Baldwin Essay: William H. Bald- 
if New York before his death 
provided a fund out of which a prize 
of $100 is given annually for the best 
on a municipal topic written by 
an undergraduate of some college or 
university, that has instruction on 
municipal government. The subject 
'or this year is. "T.ie administration of 
the police depa.tmtat in some ci ty in 
the United States with a population 
r 200.000." Vhe terms and con- 
ditions may be had from the National 
Municipal League, Philadelphia. 



A Case of Infringement: The fire 
department of Fort Worth, Texas, 
for its automobile apparatus a 
peculiar staccato horn that came to. 
be recognized and respected by street 
car drivers, pedestrians and others. 
several private automobiles have 
secured the same horn, and the result 
s confusing and several accidents 
ave taken place. The fire chief pro- 
to bring some kind of legal 
action to bear on those who have in- 
fringed on his horn. 



Special Water Tax: Spokane is 
suffering one of the penalties of too 
much prosperity. Rapid growth of 
the city caused real estate booms, and 
the opening of new tracts led to over- 
devclopment of the water system. The 
business is rapidly getting toward the 
red ink, and the city council is urged 
to adopt an ordinance fixing a special 
tax on property to which water has 
been conveyed but which makes no 
use of this service. 



Percentage on Dairy Conditions: 
The health authorities of Syracuse 
have a system of credits and debits 
which they use on the dairies that 
supply the city with milk. They say 
that for three years they have been 
teaching the milkmen the rules of 
safety in milk production, and those 
who now fail to comply should be put 
out of business. Regular inspections 
are made and a card given with a per- 
centage figured out. If the score is 
below requirements the milk is ex- 
cluded. 



Philadelphia Municipal Exhibit: 

Mayor Reyburn of Philadelphia has 
asked council for an appropriation of 
$30,000 for advance work on a display 
of municipal activities which is to 
be held next fall. Some of it, he fig- 
ures, can be made ready for display 
when the convention of city planners 
meets this spring. The mayor wishes 
the neople to be given a chance to 
see just what has been accomplished 
by the present administration. 



Trials cf Winter Climates: Eastern 
cities make provision for sprinkling 
during the summer months but not 
n winter, when water thrown on the 
street will turn to ice. Just at present 
nanv eastern states are suffering from 
i winter dry spell which makes the 



of ill health. Calcium chloride :- 

on the streets in lieu 



Bid for City Funds: o has 

■ I lying m it! 
put it 

tlie 55 all but .1 sent in exactly the 
same bid, two per cent, which 
of the most remarkable coincidences 
in history. The three were small 
banks that may have been overlooked 
in the deal. Their bids were all 3 
per cent — another queer coincidence. 

New City Hall for Indianapolis: 

The new city hall of Indianapolis has 
just In en dedicated and is now ready 
for occupancy. It is a four-story 
structure of genuine architectural 
beauty. The Federal building in In- 
dianapolis is by many experts regard- 
ed as the most beautiful building 
owned by the national government 
outside of Washington. The new- 
city hall is of a corresponding style 
of architecture. 



Pays to Plant Trees: Thirty years 
ago the town of Orson in Sweden 
made a business of planting trees on 
the municipal land, of which there was 
a large area. Its people now pay no 
taxes nor telephone fees nor street 
car fares. The American system has 
been to sell city land cheap to specu- 
lators and then long afterwards buy 
back little dabs of it at enormous cost. 



Commission Government Refused: 

The voters of Chickasaw, Oklahoma, 
defeated the commission government 
charter by a small majority. This is 
said to have been due to the opposi- 
tion of the labor unions, which, while 
favoring the commision plan, were 
dissatisfied with other features of the 
charter. 



Chicago's Mayoralty: Alderman 
Charles E. Merriam of Chicago, who 
served as head of the reform commis- 
sion that reorganized business meth- 
ods in Chicago, has been put forward 
as a candidate for the Republican 
nomination for mayor. His principal 
^opponent for the nomination will 
probably be the incumbent, Busse. 



Grade Crossings in Cleveland: The 

city of Cleveland is disposing of its 
grade crossings wholesale. It will 
cost $2,875,000 to abolish the crossings 
of the Pennsylvania road, of which 
tire city must pay one-third. The 
pennle of Cleveland have voted two 
millions to cover the city's part of 
improvements of this character. 



r liberty. i iul unn< irk, 



Sinele Tax Plan: The town of 
Fairhope on Mobile Bay, founded fif- 
teen vears aaro by Iowa people, puts 
the Henry G-eorge theory into prac- 
tice The city owns all the land and 
rents to the inhabitants. There are 
no taxes, no charge for water or tele- 
phone, free docks, etc. 



Number of A»tomobiles: There are 
said to be 550.000 automobiles now in 
this countrv. New York leads with 
MPilO and California comes next with 
4>">0tY>. At times it seems as though 
all of the latter were grouped along 
I tie streets in the congested district 
of Los Angeles. 



Oueer Delaware: Delaware is the 
onlv state in the Union, and for that 
matter the onlv community, -where the 

nennle have hail a chance to adopt the 
initiative and referendum and wh«re 
the mainrity was against it. The 
worst thing about slavery is that it 



State Sanitary Engineering: 
state health officer ol Texas 
that a state bureau of sanitary I 
dished to deal 
ons of pollution of water courses 
and other sanitary mean- d g 
bearing. 

Improved Financing: Austin 
has been under the coi Form 

of government tv and in that 

time the water and light department 
has created a reserve of $68,000, paid 
$29,000 on debts, and made two re- 
ductions of rates. 



Non-Partisan Direct Primary: Con 
cord, New Hampshire, recently used 
fur the first time- its non-partisan di- 
rect primary for the city election in 
just the same form we have it in Los 
Angeles and San Francisco. 



Oakland Improvements: Oakland 
has spent about two million dollars 
in permanent street improvement dur- 
ing the past year. This includes about 
twelve miles of paving and sixteen 
miles of macadam. 



The Two Best American Cities: 
In his new book, "Great Cities of 
America," Dr. Delos F. Wilcox, the 
municipal expert, gives the leading 
place for good government to Balti- 
more, with Cleveland in second place. 



Automobiles and Snow: Deep snow 
on 'country roads puts a stop to auto- 
niobiling in the. East. It is planned 
to run heavy rollers over the snow, 
crushing it down so the automobile 
wheels will not sink in. 

Firemen Perish: On the 21st of last 
month 14 firemen were killed and 36 
were injured at a big fire in Phila- 
delphia, and on the 22nd 30 firemen 
were killed at a tire in the Chicago 
stock yards. 

The Difference: Chicago loses about 
$5,COO,0CO a year from fire, and Ber- 
lin about $170,000. The difference is 
in the amount of wood used in build- 



Too Old to Work: A twenty-inch 
water main in Cincinnati which was 
laid in 1854 got tired of its job the 
other day and blew up, tearing a hole 
ICO feet long in the street. 



A Municipal Cemetery: The city 
government of Milwaukee is consid- 
ering tlie establishment of a municipal 
cemetery. The lots will be sold at 
cost. 



The Board Walk City: Atlantic City, 
New Jersey, is agitating for a commis- 
sion svstem with five managers of 
city affairs instead of a 'council of 17 
as at present. 



Increase in Number of Cities: Ten 
vears ago there were 160 cities in the 
Union having 25,000 or over of popu- 
lation. Now there are 228. 



Required Number of Engines: An 
authority on fire equipment says that 
the standard rentiirement is one en- 
gine to every 18.000 of population. 



Six Davs for Firemen: The Legisla- 
ture of Ohio is likely to pass a law 
which provides for six days of work 
In one of rest for firemen. 



Hours: 9:00 a. m. to 
5:00 p. m - 12 

-'075, 
Main 

Dr. G. J. Crandall 

DENTIST 

i inn to oadway Central 

. 424 South 
Bn ladway 

Suit. 



<^Vi^^ 



317-325 MWljif 311-322 

So.Hroadway ' t: ^?X5!j5^F t ' So.lliu, Strmt 

A. FUSEKTOT CO. 

Semi -Annual 
Clearance 

Now Going On 

/7THIS sale is in- 
^ augurated to 
quickly dispose of 
all broken lines and 
odds and ends at 
greatly reduced 
prices before in- 
voicing. 

If you have been waiting for 
bargains, now is the time to se- 
cure them throughout the store. 
Especial mention is made of 

Reduced Prices on 

Suits, Dresses 

and Coats 

Savings range from J4 to l A less 

FURS l /s LESS 



AND ILLUsSTRATIGN^ 




FOR» BOOKLETS, 
eATALOOS, 

pamphlets, 

LABELS. 

NEWS PAPEPo5 

AND ALL OTHER. 

PRINTING PURPOSES 



Bis; Saving: New York City expects 
to save about $1 35.000 on its printing 



ARISTO! 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The New Order of Things 



;By the Doorkeeper; 



Steady Accomplishment Marks First 

Three Weeks of Legislature — 

Rulers Who Really Work 



Sacramento, Cal., Jan 25. 

At the close of three weeks of the 
legislative session of 1911 more ac- 
tual progress has been made than dur- 
ing the first month or more of any 
previous session. Some of the old- 
time members even say that the legis- 
lature is fully two weeks ahead of 
what they had expected of it. 

From Governor Johnson and Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Wallace down to the 
least important of the attaches every- 
thing savors of hustle and dispatch, 
though there is no evidence of undue 
haste. The legislature is simply 
working. Instead of idling about 
awaiting orders from the Southern 
Pacific bosses for the first month and 
then at the eleventh hour rushing 
through such work as has been de- 
manded of the real rulers of Califor- 
nia, every senator and every assembly- 
man has discovered that if he is to 
accomplish results it will be neces- 
sary for him to emulate the Gover- 
nor and get busy. Even the attaches 
have to earn their per diem, for the 
first time in the history of the legis- 
lature. 

Everybody Works 

The tale of the attaches is an in- 
teresting one. In days of yore it has 
been the custom for the _ men and 
women on the payroll — aside from a 
few who could not dodge the routine 
labor necessary to keep up with the 
pace set by the legislators them- 
selves — to loaf about and take things 
as easy as they could. They have 
have been in the habit of showing 
up at the Capitol — those of them who 
were expected to do anything toward 
earning their money — for an hour or 
two of the day; but some of them 
have not even made a pretense of 
work. For instance there is the case 
of a near relative of a certain presid- 
ing officer of one of the branches of 
the Legislature who drew her five or 
six dollars per day and, so far as can 
be learned, rendered the state no 
greater service than to participate in 
those social functions which marked 
legislative periods of the past. Then 
there was the McCartney family case, 
about which the less that is said the 
better. 

This year things are radically dif- 
ferent. With the opening of the ses- 
sion attaches of both houses were 
notified that they were expected to 
arrive at their posts of duty at nine 
o'clock in the morning and put in a 
full day's work. To make sure they 
are on hand they are required to 
register. The rule is enforced. At- 
taches either do their work, and a 
full day's work at that, or there is 
nothing doing at the cashier's desk. 
The result is that members r of the 
legislature do not have to putter 
around waiting for the things they 
want done. The issue of an order is 
now sufficient guarantee that it will 
be obeyed promptlv. 

Direct Legislation Fight 

Really the term "fight" is a mis- 
nomer. It won't be much of a fight, 
according to the present outlook. 
Contrasted with the camnaign of 1909 
for the submission to the people of 
a constitutional amendment providing 
for the Initiative, the fight for the 
Initiative and Referendum this year 
will be play. It is a foregone con- 
clusion alreadv that the measure in- 
troduced bv Senator Gates of Los 
Angeles will be passed. It may be 
slitrhtly amended in some of its de- 
tails, but in its essentials it will go 
through both houses. 



There is a possibility, however, 
that the measure providing for the 
Recall will have to undergo more pro- 
longed discussion. While it is con- 
ceded, even by the opponents of the 
Initiative amendment introduced two 
years ago, that a fight aginst the Ini- 
tiative and Referendum this year will 
only put the opposition in a worse 
light before their constituents, it is 
agreed by the advocates of the Re- 
call amendment that its provisions 
will have to be thoroughly analyzed 
and its work in other states carefully 
canvassed and its usefulness and effec- 
tiveness demonstrated. But this will 
be done. The advocates of the meas- 
ure are primed. They ask that the 
Recall shall be applied to state offi- 
cers, but leave to the option of the 
various counties the application of 
this principle of government to those 
political subdivisions. They expect 
to give the counties certain rights, 
leaving it to the voters of the coun- 
ties to determine the minor details, 
once they have made up their minds 
to take advantage of the constitu- 
tional privilege. 

While there is little doubt that the 
Recall amendment will pass in some 
form, considerable opposition to its 
application to the judiciary has de- 
veloped. The fight against this par- 
ticular provision in the measure will 
be led by the machine and by some 
of the. leading lawyers of the state, 
lawyers as a rule being constitution- 
ally opposed to the idea of applying 
to one of their own profession a prin- 
ciple which they seem willing to al- 
low to be attached to the ordinary 
man, the layman. But there are law- 
yers in both houses this year who will 
wage an aggressive fight for the re- 
call of the judiciary on the ground 
that this department of government is 
no more sacred and should be no less 
responsive to the will of the people 
than any other department. Electors 
hire their judges just as they hire 
their governors and their senators 
and their constables, and if they have 
a right to discharge a governor, it is 
argued, they have as much right to 
discharge a judge. 

Those Dripping Fangs 
I don't believe there is any danger 
that the voters of the state will be 
over-warned regarding the insidious 
work of the poisoned press. The re- 
actionary newspapers are as active 
and as vicious as ever. They lie so 
many different ways and wear so 
many disguises that it takes an ex- 
pert, even if he is constantly on the 
scene of action here at the capital, to 
discern them. 

The Los Angeles Times, the San 
Francisco Examiner, the Call and the 
Chronicle are doing especially effec- 
tive work in dispensing political virus. 
They inject into their poison just 
enough of the truth to make it palat- 
able. They fool some of the people, 
no doubt. But they do not delude dis- 
cerning men who honestly seek the 
facts regarding what is transpiring at 
Sacramento. Fortunately for the peo- 
nle, however, these papers are slowly 
but surely poisoning themselves. So 
far astheir influence upon the public 
mind is concerned, they are commit- 
ting suicide. 

"We will observe in this poisoned 
press the minimizing of the good 
"ork that is being attempted," says 
Governor Johnson. "Hardly will 
there be a suggestion of it — a refusal 
even to nrint a message such as was 
sent to the legislature on the railroad 
rate bill. And this refusal, you may 
be assured, was because of the con- 
crete figures given, which demonstrate 



to every reader the wrong that it is 
planned to correct. We will observe 
this poisoned press picking out some 
. particular representative of the 
Southern Pacific in the legislature, 
no matter how discredited such a 
representative may be, and playing 
him up daily in fights against the ad- 
ministration and against good meas- 
ures. We will observe the gradual 
attempt to divert attention from, the 
real work of the legislature and a pur- 
pose to befuddle the people as to what 
really is being attempted. 

"The people of the state of Cali- 
fornia, if genuinely interested in the 
accomplishments of this administra- 
tion, should watch the press and not 
give it any encouragement if it be 
shown that the papers represent 
Southern Pacific and allied interests. 
The best test of this alliance between 
Mr. Herrin and any newspaper is in 
that newspaper's failure to give pub- 
licity to any document before the 
legislature showing wrongdoing on 
the part of the predatory corporations, 
and in endeavoring to minimize the 
real issues, in manufacturing stories 
and in centering upon things not ot 
vital import. 

"Let the people watch the legisla- 
ture now and see if any man in it is 
seeking to delay, to hinder or to im- 
pede proposed good legislation. 
Judge every man by how he acts on 
legislation you believe to be right. 
And if you find legislators who arc 
lawyers making wry faces and ques- 
tioning the constitutionality of pro- 
posed measures — measures, be it re- 
membered, that have been passed 
upon by every law officer of the state 
—watch him well, because his oppo- 
sition on that ground is a pretense 
and a sham. And if any legislator 
seeks to delay the real issue by a 
pretense of investigating something 
long past, and with which he long 
has been familiar, his design should 
be apparent." 

Governor Johnson says that it is 
his design to have the voters of the 
state thoroughly understand the situa- 
tion. "In the past many legislators 
have not been given credit that was 
properly theirs," he says. "The peo- 
ple have been too prone to condemn 
and too slow to praise. I shall see to 
it that the people of each district 
learn of the good work of their repre- 
sentative so they may hold him in the 
esteem he merits. And I shall also 
see to it that each district learns of 
the pretense and hypocrisy of a mem- 
ber representing it, that it shall know 
whether such a member represents 
the people or the Southern Pacific." 
Three Points of Attack 

It is already apparent that the pro- 
gramme of the Southern Pacific leads 
off with three chief points of attack. 
It will fight, and already has begun 
to fight, these proposals of the Gov- 
ernor and the progressive members 
of the legislature: 

1. To provide definitely that the 
Railroad Commission may establish 
absolute railroad rates, both for 
freight and passenger traffic. 



2. The "Oregon plan" for selecting 
United States Senators by direct vote 
of the people. 

3. The Recall of the judiciary. 

Rate Making 

The vital point in the railroad prob- I 
lem is the question of rates. With 
the adoption of the absolute rate rule, 
as provided in the administration bill,'- 
introduced in the Senate by Senator 
Stetson, all common carriers must 
abide strictly by the rates established j 
by the Railroad Commission. All the 
railroads will be permitted to do is "■ 
to charge and collect the rates fixed 
by the commission. Under the 
"fluidity" rate system devised by the 
Southern Pacific's legal department 
and forced upon the legislature two 
years ago, a "big business" may se- 
cure the shipment .of freight under 
one rate, and immediately after thatH 
rate has been accorded it, another 
rate may be given to some small com-B 
petitive concern. How such a rule 
works is obvious. With absolute 
rates big business and little business* 
will secure exactly the same rate, or 
the rate-maker may have to continue 
his labor in jail and pay handsomely 
for his infraction of the law beside. 
Incidentally, it may be remarked, thej 
bill introduced at the last session I 
which confers upon the railroads theB 
right to fix any old rate at any timeiM 
within a specified maximum, wasj 
fathered by Senator Leroy Wright offl 
San Diego, who also stood sponsor* 
for Al G. Spalding, the sporting goodsj 
magnate who recently was put out onl 
first base in his run for the United* 
States Senate. 

The Oregon Plan 

The Southern Pacific opposes them] 
Oregon plan for the election of| 
United States Senators for the samel 
reason that the average human beingjl 
shudders when he faces a gun in the? 
hands of a man with murder in hisll 
eye. Until the federal constitution!! 
can be changed the only way whichMJ 
has yet been devised to secure any- I 
thing approximating the popular elec-ll 
tion of United States Senators is theBI 
system in vogue in California's north-ij 
ern neighbor. Most readers of thefll 
Pacific Outlook understand that un-' I 
der the Oregon system a candidate fori I 
the legislature definitely pledges himJI 
self to vote either for that candidate!! 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



for United States Senator who, at the 
primary, receives the vote of his 
- that candidate 
c greatest popular 
Violation of such a pledge is 
j apt to mean political suicide. 
Francisco Call, a once in- 
fluential newspaper, now gone to seed, 

local 
concerned, led the tight in 
the legislature for Spalding, and it is 
generally believed that, along with 
the Los Angeles Times and the other 
chief organs of the ghost of the ma- 
chine, it will make a desperate fight 
to prevent the adoption of the Orc- 
i in California. Fortunate- 
ly the attitude of none of these pa- 
pers will make any particular differ 
in the outcome of the contest. 
Their influence has been demonstrated 
in the recent popular struggle to send 
a progressive United States Senator 
to Washington. It is about four de- 
grees better than zero. 

Recall of Judges 

As I have suggested, the progrcs- 
ivill find their greatest difficulty 
in securing the adoption of the con- 
stitutional amendment providing for 
the recall of the judiciary. With such 
an instrument as this in the hands of 
the people the Southern Pacific, 
which has notoriously owned courts 
in this state, will be entombed. Al- 
ready its breathing has become ster- 
torious. With absolute railroad rates 
established by the state, the Oregon 
plan of electing United States Sena- 
tors and finally a judiciary subject to 
the Recall, the railroad machine will 
be put out of business forever. 

As a matter of fact, the Recall of 
the judiciary has always been in vogtie 
in California, only up to the present 
time it has been exercised almost sole- 
ly by the Southern Pacific itself. 
Proof of this is found in the fact that 
in the past judges who have exhibited 
a spirit of independence of that 
hitherto dominant institution have 
quietly been retired to private life 
upon the expiration of their terms, 
regardless of their desire to remain 
upon the bench and the desire of the 
people to have them retained. 
The Case of Anderson 

Alden Anderson will not retain of- 
fice as head of the state banking de- 
partment. Governor Gillett attempted 
by a trick worthy of that executive 
to keep him on the job by permitting 
him to create a vacancy by resigning 
and then appointing him to succeed 
himself, but it didn't work. Every- 
body knows the story of how Ander- 
son's resignation, once on file in the 
executive chamber, mysteriously dis- 
appeared. With no resignation on 
file there was no vacancy, and Gov- 
ernor Johnson, upon entering upon 
the duties of his position, could not 
get rid of this undesirable official 
without creating a vacancy. To re- 
deem his oft-repeated pledge that, 
when Governor, he would kick the 
Southern Pacific out of politics, and 
adjudging Anderson to be a part and 
parcel of the Southern Pacific, it was 
necessary that Anderson go. All the 
progressives want him out of the way, 
but they did not see a way to put 
their desires into effect. But the Gov- 
ernor 'did. Hie caused to be drafted 
and presented to the legislature a bill 
amending the bank act by providing 
for the appointment of a commissioner 
who might hold office at the pleasure 
of the Governor. It will pass, with- 
out doubt, and there is not the slight- 
est question as to what the Gover- 
nor's pleasure in the matter will be. 
He will be pleased to retire Ander- 
son, and the cause of progress in 
California politics will receive a boost. 
No intelligent and honest man ques- 
tions Anderson's machine affiliations, 
and none will object to an act en- 
abling Governor Johnson to relegate 
him to the Southern Pacific political 
junk pile. 

Compulsory Vaccination 

From all sections of the state there 
are being sent to Sacramento unquali- 



udorscments of Senator Murd's 
bill repealing the statute providing for 
the compulsory vaccination of chil- 
dren as a prerequisite to admission to 
the public schools. While as a rule 

fire said to favor or at 
•pose compulsory vaccina- 
tion, he members of the 
iturc who arc practicing phy- 
ready to vote foi 
llnrd bill. 

For Free Text Books 

. leader of the old 
machine forces in the Senate, is lead- 
ing what already looks like a hop 

igainst the adoption of a 
lution which aims at providing free 
text books for children attending all 
schools beneath the high 
school grade. This resolution, intro- 
duced by Senator Shanatian, a>ks that 
hole question of cost of print- 
ing hooks, profits accruing to the 
book trust and the State and cost to 
children be gone into thoroughly, and 
that the committee appointed to in- 
vestigate the matter report on the ad- 
visability of the state's providing the 
- free of charge. Lieutenant- 
Governor Wallace has named Sena- 
tors Strobridge, Shanahan, Black, 
Thompson and Avey as a special 
committee under the resolution. All 
are progressives. 

State Printing Inquiry Probable 
Assemblyman Harry Polsley, who 
has developed a penchant for nosing 
into the work of the state commissions 
and departments, is preparing to in- 
troduce a resolution asking for an 
inquiry into the work of the Superin- 
tendent of State Printing. For years 
this department has been regarded by 
reformers as one of the most expen- 
sive adjuncts of the state administra- 
tion. There has been lots of talk 
about investigating it, but thus far 
nothing has been done. The revela- 
tions made as the result of a thorough 
investigation probably will be fol- 
lowed by a demand that the depart- 
ment as now constituted be abolished 
or radically reformed. 

While this is generally regarded as 
a move in the right direction, there is 
a growing feeling that the office of 
Superintendent of Public Instruction 
'likewise undergo a thorough over- 
hauling'. There are in course ot 
preparation, to be submitted if an in- 
vestigation be ordered, charges of a 
nature tbat promises sweeping re- 
forms in that department also. 



Political Table Talk 



(Continued from page 4.) 
transcend themselves if they do not 
become alarmed before the session is 
over because of the number of 
strategic good points Democratic 
members are likely to score. Wc 
shall be fortunate if the shadow of 
1912 does not stunt the growth of 
progress in 1911. Just now there 
seems to be a generous rivalry be- 
tween progressives of both parties to 
see which can father the most good 
measures and it must be admitted that 
the Democrats are scoring very well. 
May we venture to hope that partisan- 
ship will put no stumbling blocks, 
crimps, pits to fall in, or other im- 
pedimenta in their way. With a leg- 
islature overwhelmingly Republican 
and a Republican administration it 
will be impossible to deprive progres- 
sive Republicanism of all proper credit 
for good legislation no matter who in- 
troduces the bills providing therefor. 
Tt is no time for littleness to loom 
large. 



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for a free field and no favors the gen- 
eral struggle to get on would put no 
one very far ahead or leave any but 
the lame, the halt and the blind very 
far behind, but the event has proven 
otherwise. The inequalities that, 
aforetime, existed only between 
princes and plebeans now exist be- 
tween neighbors. In the holding cor- 
poration we have created a giant that 
makes the world tremble when he 
walks. All men see this and a pro- 
gressive Republicanism took the field 
against this giant in the hope of first 
winning over the Republican party 
and then marching to victory over 
this giant under that banner but, so 
far, the victories of a Republican pro- 
gressiveism over a Republican stand- 
patism have been less sweeping than 
was hoped for. Only in California 
has it been roundly satisfactory. How 
is it with the Democrats? If ye are 
to judge from their caucus of con- 
gressmen-elect, held at Washington 
on the 19th, the progressives of that 
party are splendidly in the saddle and 
have left the Tory contingent with 
scarcely a corporal's guard. Are we 
to witness the rise of a constructive 
and progressive Democracy? To use 
an expression from the streets, are 
the progressive Democrats going to 
"heat the progressive Republicans to 
it?" In resolving to constitute house 
committees through a committee on 
committees, and so put an end to 
Cannonism, Republican or Demo- 
cratic, that caucus did splendidly 
well. The party that prefers public 
advantage to party advantage will 
win the votes of the American people 
and should win them. The Demo- 
cratic party has had no such oppor- 
tunity in a quarter of a century and 
it seems to realize the advantage of 
its position. Can it keep from blun- 
dering over some petty, party stumb- 
ling block? It has made a good start. 
Can it keep a going? 



A New Spirit Moving on Our time 

the Face of the Waters is big with 

coming 

events. In our grandfathers' days it 

was believed that, with a continent 



No Returning to It was to be ex- 
the Old Method pected that an as- 
sault would be 
made by local boards upon the state 
engineering and architectural svstem. 
There have been strained relations 
between Engineery Ellery and prac- 
tically all the institutions, but this 
does not prove that the new system 
is a bad one or that the old system of 
construction by local boards was a 
good one. The latter is not suscep- 
tible of proof. It was intolerable. Tt 
was polluted by graft and shattered 
by incompetency. Tt was inherently 
bad in that final judgment had to be 
rendered by inexpert persons. Local 
boards have been largely formed of 
gentlemen whose political services re- 
quired recognition and the patronage 
thus placed at their disposal has not 
proven unattractive. These members 
come and go. superintendents come 
and go and ea'ch superintendent wants 
a total rearrangement of his institu- 



BEKINS' 



Fire-Proof Storage 

1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 



Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



tions for the same reason that every 
different kind of a crank has to have 
a different kind of a house to live in. 
The result has been the hacking and 
chopping of state institutions until the 
lives of their inmates are endangered 
and jere-building became the rule 
rather than the exception. The state 
engineering idea of construction is 
based upon the principle of expert 
determination and the co-operation of 
the engineer and the architect. It is 
everlastingly right. It should never be 
departed from again. Mr. Ellery may 
not be the man to head such a de- 
partment of government. He prob- 
ably is not, but that does not prove 
that the engineering department idea 
is not the right idea. And there is 
one thing that probably can be said 
for Ellery. While the buildings he 
has erected have exceeded the appro- 
priations and the estimates they will 
not fall down about the ears of their 
inmates, and that is more than can 
be said of many that were built under 
the old system. Security covers a 
multitude of other short comings. 



EXPERTS TO DISCUSS POWER 

PROBLEM AT CITY CLUB 

TODAY 



At the regular weekly luncheon of 
the City Club, to be held at the Hotel 
Westminster at noon today, two 
speakers have been provided. 

E. F. Scattergood. electrical engin- 
eer for the Los Angeles Aqueduct 
Power Bureau, and John B. Miller, 
president of the Southern California 
Edison Co.. will present their v 
on the advisability of taking a straw- 
vote, at the charter amendment elec- 
tion March 6th. on the question of the 
city's leasing or itself distributing the 
Aqueduct power. 



The man who managed the Inter- 
ests' fight against Senator La Follet- 
te before the recent Wisconsin 
tion spent $107,000 and polled 42.000 
votes, whereas I. a FoIIette 
a penny and received 144. 0O0 vi 
Money isn't always boss. — B 
Common. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



CONSOLIDATION OF CITY 

AND COUNTY GOVERNMENTS 



W. B. Mathews Addresses City Club 
on Important Subject 



W. B. Mathews, counsel for the 
Aqueduct board and a former city at- 
torney, was the speaker at last Satur- 
day's City Club luncheon. 

Mr. Mathews had as his subject the 
proposed consolidation of city and 
county governments, and his interest- 
ing addre/ss was listened to by a 
large number of members. 

That the City Club realizes the im- 
portance of this question is evidenced 
by the fact that three speakers have 
expressed their views before the club 
on the subject during the past few 
weeks, Senators Leslie Hewitt and 
Lee C. Gates having entertained the 
club with a debate on the merits and 
demerits of the project on December 
3rd last. i !. 

Mr. Matthews' speech, in full, fol- 
lows: 

We, of this city, are, at this mo- 
ment, under two local governments, 
separately maintained and adminis- 
tered, and the question we wish to 
consider is, why should they not be 



merged into one government? The 
subject of a consolidated city and 
county government for Los Angeles is 
not new or strange in this community. 
On the contrary, for several years 
past, it has had a very definite, and, 
at times, a very prominent, place in' 
the popular mind; and I may say 
further that, during all that time, pub- 
lic sentiment in this city has been 
strongly in favor of consolidation. 

It may be well, at the outset of my 
remarks, to attempt a statement of 
what is meant by consolidation of our 
city and county governments, as gen- 
erally understood and proposed. It 
would mean the establishment of a 
municipality, to be known as the city 
and county of Los Angeles, and ex- 
isting under a single charter within 
limits embracing the present city of 
Los Angeles, and such other cities 
and territory in the vicinity as might 
be combined with it, under general 
laws, prior to such consolidation. It 
would also mean that the rest of the 
nresent county would be organized 
into one or more new counties, un- 
der new names, and as independent 
of the new city and county as the 
County of Orange is of the present 
Countv of Los Angeles. 

While undoubtedly the new muni- 
cipality would have the name Los An- 



geles as part of its designation, it may 
be that the rest of the territory of the 
county would be organized as a new 
county, and retain Los Angeles 
as part of its designation. Any- 
way, so far as the proposed new 
city and county of Los Angeles is 
concerned, I think it would be abso- 
lutely foolish to suggest or attempt 
to promote a movement for its crea- 
tion under any other name than the 
city and county of Los Angeles. 

The question of consolidation was 
presented before this club, at a recent 
meeting, in joint discussion, with 
Senator Hewitt advocating, and Sena- 
tor Gates opposing it. I understand 
that the latter urged, as one of the 
main grounds of his opposition, that 
the proposed new city and county 
could not retain the name Los An- 
geles, but that the creation of the 
new municipality would be by way of 
secession from the old county, which, 
as he contended, would keep that 
name. If I may be allowed to speak 
for those who favor consolidation of 
our city and county governments, I 
wish to make it plain that the pro- 
gram of consolidation contemplates, 
as an indispensible condition, that the 
new municipality shall have and for- 
ever retain the historic name of Los 
Angeles. 

Possible to Retain the Name 

I am convinced there is no in- 
superable legal difficulty in the way 
of the retention of the name Los An- 
geles for the proposed new city and 
county. The machinery that can be, 
and, I anticipate will be. provided for 
effecting the consolidation will, 



doubtless, make adequate provision 
for continuing county government in 
the remaining territory under a new 
name. 

The proposed consolidation of our 
city and county governments is, how- 
ever, hindered by certain legal diffi- 
culties, which must be .cleared away, 
and we hope that the necessary steps 
to this end will be taken by the Legis- 
lature at its present session, 
Constitution Provides for Consolida- 
tion 

It is contemplated in our State 
Constitution that municipal communi- 
ties will want consolidation of city 
and county governments, since it pro- 
vides in Section 7 of Article XI, that, 

"City and county governments may 
be merged and consolidated into one 
municipal government, with one set 
of officers, and may be incorporated 
under general laws providing for the 
incorporation and organization of cor- 
porations for municipal purposes. The 
provisions of this Constitution ap- 
plicable to cities, and also those ao- 
plicable to counties, so far as not in- 
consistent or prohibited to cities, shall 
be applicable to such consolidated 
governments." 

The method of consolidation con- 
templated by this provision apparent- 
ly involves incorporation of the new 
city and county under general laws, 
passed by the legislature, and sup- 
nlanting the charter of the city af- 
fected. Grave doubt exists as to 
whether this provision of the Consti- 
tution applies to the case o f a 
r'tv 0"ernting under a freeho1d"-s 
charter. like Los Angeles. We 




GEO. I. COCHRAN, President. 



GAIL B. JOHNSON, Vice-President 



The Pacific Mutual Life 
Insurance Co. of California 



CAPITAL FULLY PAID UP, $1,000,000 



Pacific Mutual Building, Sixth and 
Olive Streets, Los Angeles. 

ASSETS 
Loans on Real Estate , $8,313,959.64 

Amount of Loan does not exceed the 

statutory percentage of appraised value. 

Loans on Approved Collateral 1,043,772.48 

Loans to Policyholders 3,163,168.12 

In no case does amount of Loan exceed the 

Reserve held by the Company. 
Bonds and Stocks Owned 5,712,286.85 

Being Bonds, $5,343,604.85, of Municipalities, 

Railroads and other Quasi-Public Corpora- 
tions, and Stocks, $368,682.00, all valued as 

of December 31, 1910. 
Real Estate Owned 1,120,450.10 

Los Angeles Income Property, including 

Home Office Building. 
Interest and Rent 210,660.39 

Accrued but not due. 
Outstanding and Deferred Premiums — 

Life Department 500,588.68 

Accident Department .••■.•; 319,904.78 

Net Amount, Reserve charged in Liabilities. 
Cash on Hand 380,397.23 

Including Deposits drawing Interest. 



Balance Sheet as of December 31, 1910 



LIABILITIES 
Reserve on Policies $18,128,589.36 



Claims in Process of Adjustment 

Being Claims reported, but of which Proofs 
have not yet been received, or are incom- 
plete. 

Premiums and Interest Paid in Advance 

Reserved for Taxes Payable 1911 

All Other Liabilities 

Including $12,415.46 set aside for Medical 
Fees, and $103,851.20 for Agents' Commissions 
in Accident Department. 



123,483.51 



116,765.94 

71,549.42 

179,128.72 



TOTAL LIABILITIES $18,619,516.95 

Capital Stock i 1,000,000.00 

Surplus Set Aside for Future Dividends to Policyholders 420,684.23 
Surplus, Unassigned 724,987.09 



TOTAL ADMITTED ASSETS ...$20,765,188.27 



TOTAL : $20,765, 18B.27 



New Life Business Written, 1910 $ 20,656,363.00 

Total Life Business in Force 117,513,574.00 

Total Cash Income, 1910 6,750,765.88 

Premium Income Accident Department, 1910 1,276,820.98 

Total Paid Policyholders, 1910 2,456,568.08 



Increase in Life Business in Force $5,973,789.00 

Increase in Assets 2,335,983.99 

Increase in Cash Income 586,237.46 

Increase in Reserve 1,989,974.17 

Increase in Surplus, Assigned and Unassigned 293,789.78 



SURPLUS, (Assigned and Unassigned Exclusive of Capital) $1,145,671.32 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



received our charter from the people, 
acting directly under the Constitution, 
and not ir re, nor un- 

d ? r :mcnt. It 

ndepcndcncc ill our muni- 
affairs, ai subject to 
Imcnt, repeal or abrogation by 
the legislature. 

lation suggests that the 
iture be asked to submit to the 
le the proposition to amend the 
itution so as to provide, in clear 
and comprehensive terms, for the 
merging of city and county govern- 
i the people of the lo- 
cality so desire, and regardless of the 
character of municipal charter af- 
fected. 

lin, Section 3 of Article XI of 
institution, relating to the crea- 
tion of new counties, provides that no 
boundary line of a new county shall 
within five miles of the county 
seat of any county proposed to be 
divided. This provision is supposed 
to create a serious difficulty by rea- 
son of the position of Pasadena. The 
question is commonly asked, Is that 
city to be included in the new city 
and county, or excluded therefrom? 
It also has a freeholders charter, and 
under the Constitution and laws, as 
they now stand, political union be- 
tween Los Angeles and Pasadena is 
probably impossible If the two cities 
cannot be amalgamated, then the 
boundary line of the proposed new 
city and county must be drawn be- 
tween them, and that would bring it 
within five miles of the county seat 
of Los Angeles County. It has been 
suggested, however, and, I believe, 
upon good grounds, that the five mile 
limitation contained in Section 3 of 
Article XI of the Constitution, does 
not apply to the formation of a city 
and county government, but only ap- 
plies to the creation of a new county. 
In the nature of things, the consoli- 
dation of city and county govern- 
ments, where the city affected is the 
county seat, must necessarily bring 
the new boundary line within the five 
mile limit- Therefore, to apply the 
restriction to such a case, would make 
the constitutional provision ridiculous. 
There is a difference between the 
formation of a new county under the 
constitution and the creation of a 
new municipality by the consolidation 
of city and county government. If it 
were proposed to form the county 
of Pomona, or Monrovia, or Whittier, 
out of the present county of Los An- 
geles, then the line of the 
hew county nearest to the city 
of Los Angeles would have to keep 
at least five miles away, but that is a 
matter relating to the creation of new 
counties. The Constitution, besides 
providing for the creation of new 
counties, contemplates that there may 
be municipalities created by consoli- 
dation of cities and counties, so that 
in order to keep the Constitution 
from absurdity, it is reasonable to 
construe this provision as allowing the 
formation of a city and county muni- 
cipality like the city and county of 
Los Angeles, even by drawing its 
lines closer than the five mile limit 
provided in the Constitution,— even 
by making the boundary of the new 
citv and county coincident with that 
of the citv itself. 

There is. therefore, an essential 
difference between the creation of 
a new county and the forma- 
tion of a city and county gov- 
ernment by consolidation, and con- 
stitutional restrictions applicable to 
the former, mav be held inarjplic- 
ahle to the latter. However, in view 
of the great importance of the public 
mterests involved, the provisions of 
law for consolidating city and coun- 
ty governments should be- made com- 
plete nnd .-.- it .in. so that it nun- be 
effected without difficulty where" the 
people may desire that form of gov- 
ernment. The constitution should 
be amended so as to allow cities hav- 



ing freeholders charters, like Los An- 
geles and Pasadena, to consolidate 
under one charter, and while the 
scheme for consoli. being 

il and perfected, the con- 
- well lu- amended, so 
■ make clear that the five mile 
limitation, contained in Section 3 of 
Artnlc XI of ■ in, or 

i peculiarly ap- 
plicable to the creation of a new 
ics not apply to the estab- 
lishment of a city and county. 

The Legislature is now in session, 
and if these suggestions as to the 
amendment of our State Constitution. 
in the interest of CO city 

and county governments. appear 
sound, then steps should be taken to 
the Legislature submit to the 
people, at the next state election, the 
necessary proposition for amending 
the Constitution in these respects. 

Welfare of the Whole People Para- 
mount 
A point which, in its detail is of 
niinor importance, yet in its entirety 
is of very great importance, is the 
public convenience. The inconveni- 
ence of one man does not amount to 
much, and perhaps the inconvenience 
of a hundred men does not amount 
to much, but when you begin to mul- 
tiply to any extent, then incon- 
venience becomes a serious matter 
and I should think it is a matter of 
great importance that we should in 
every way seek to promote the con- 
venience of the people as a whole. 
When a government is inconvenient 
by being manifold and complicated 
rather than simple, then we should be- 
gin to consider how we can promote 
public convenience by eliminating 
those things in our government which 
make for inconvenience. Those of 
you who are taxpayers and who have 
other relations to the city and coun- 
ty government requiring you to visit 
the city hall and the county court 
house and other public offices, appre- 
ciate how serious a matter incon- 
venience becomes, and you will appre- 
ciate how serious it is where thous- 
ands and tens of thousands of people 
have to make unnecessary trips to 
transact oublic business. 

Advantages to Be Derived 
Having indicated, in a general way, 
what I understand to be the program 
of consolidation in this community, 
and the legal difficulties in the way 
of effecting it, I wish to call atten- 
tion to some of the advantages that 
reasonably may be expected to flow 
from the merging of the local city 
and county governments. In the first 
place, the merging of the city and 
county governments would mean 
greater simplicity, economy and effi- 
ciency in the conduct of our public 
affairs. It would mean that, instead 
of two governing bodies, exercising 
functions within the municipality, to- 
wit: the Board of Supervisors and the 
City Council, there would be but one 
governing body, in respect both to its 
strictly municipal functions and to its 
county affairs. It would mean one 
Clerk, one Auditor, one Assessor, one 
Tax and License Collector and one 
Treasurer, instead of two sets of 
officials of these kinds. It would 
mean, if desired, that the Clerk would . 
by the Recorder, the Sheriff would be 
the Chief of Police, and the District 
Attorney would be the City Attorney. 
It would mean one assessment of prop- 
erty in the municipality for the pur- 
poses of taxation. It would mean one 
policy for the location and construc- 
tion of public buildings, roads, boule- 
vards, works and improvements. All 
of this would be conducive to economy 
and efficiency in the conduct of our 
public affairs. 

We have in this state, but one con- 
soiidated city and county. I refer to 
San Francisco. That was created un- 
der an Act of the Legislature fifty 
years ago. They now have a free- 
holders charter adopted under the 



ition. Despite the fact 
that San I 

I a hot-bed nf b 
waste and inefficiency in the public 
ice, the cost of local government 
c people of that city is substan- 
tially less than here. For the year 
1910 the tax levy for city and county 
and state purposes in San Francisco 
each $100 of property valu- 
ation: while here it was $2.76.' It is 
not difficult to see that the tax levy 
in San Francisco should even be con- 
siderably less than the rate last year, 
with an administration like the 
ent one in this city. 
Will Not Lose Influential Position 

Referring again to the remarks of 
Senator Gates upon this same subject 
before this club a few weeks ago. I 
understand — I say "understand" be- 
cause I was not here, hut I am so 
informed — that one of his reasons 
why there should not be a consolida- 
tion of our city and county govern- 
ment was the fact that Los Angeles 
citv is just now attaining political pre- 
eminence and control in the affnirs of 
the state, and. therefore, should not 
be divided. There is merit in that 
point only so as it is meant that the 
moml forces of the community should 
not he divided. T.os Angeles is the 
outgrowth of conditions prevailing in 
Southern California, and public senti- 
ment is not only sound and admirable 
in Los Angeles as a rule, but it is so 
throughout the whole of Southern 
California. The lines bounding the 
city of Los Angeles are not boundary 
lines of good sentiment and bad senti- 
ment, — between one kind of senti- 
mentthat is supposed to exist within 
the city and another kind that is sup- 
nosed to exist without the citv. 
The conditions are fairly uniform in 
this county, so that separation by 
trol in state affairs to Southern 
and county from the rest of the coun- 
tv of Los Angeles would not mean 
that Los Angeles would 1 be separated 
from those general conditions which 
are now giving pre-eminence and con- 
trol to Southern California. Los An- 
geles as a city and county, would stand 
with the rest of the county and with 
the southern country generally in all 
those things that are good and true so 
far as our public affairs are concerned. 

Local Self-Government in County 
Affairs 

The consolidation of our city and 
county governments, under a free- 
holders charter, would give us inde- 
oendeure- of the Legislature in our 
local affairs. The Legislature pre- 
scribes the form of county govern- 
ment, the number, character, and 
duties of the officials and their denu- 
ties, and the salaries to be paid. 
The cost, however, must be met by 
the neople of the county. With con- 
solidation and a freeholders charter, 
these important matters would be un- 
der the control of the people of the 
new municipality, as they should be. 
In times past, it has too frequently 
been the case that the Legislature, un- 
der the influence of office seekers, or 
other persons actuated by purely self- 
ish motives, has imposed upon the 
different counties burdens of expen- 
diture not required by the local public- 
service, nor desired by the people upon 
whom the expense would fall. And 
this has meant a good deal more than 
mere waste of the public revenue. 
Manj' a man has been given office in 



ill of a bargain 
icramento, and :■ 

men: 

necessary in order to fulfil a political 

obligation. II. i 

ion. with ,i freeholders ch 
is community, would i< nd 

stive us purer political 

The people would then 1: 

what tin y 

the Constitution, If it wa 

ot expensive or inefficient, it 

would be the result of their own ac- 
tion, but then the remedy would lii 
in their hands, and by amendmi 
the organic law. authorized by a vote 
of the people, these evils could be 
eliminated. Local government means 
local ri sponsibility, and, with an in- 
telligent and enlightened citizenship, 
like our own. the responsibility for 
the character of the public service 
will make the people more careful and 
attentive in the performance of their 
duties as citizens and voters. 

In conclusion, and to summarize in 
a word the views I would express 
concerning the merits of consolida- 
tion, I will say: 

Consolidated city and county gov- 
ernment, with boundaries embracing , 
Los Angeles and its environs, would ^ 
mean purer politics and greater effi- 
ciency and economy in our local pub- 
lic affairs. It would mean one set of 
officials to elect, watch and deal with, 
instead of two; one assessment of 
property for purposes of taxation; 
and one policy for the construction 
of public buildings, works and im- 
provements. 

Too much government, besides in- 
volving extravagance and waste, is a 
hinderance to progress. This is our 
condition with the city government 
independent of the county govern- 
ment, and it should be corrected just 
as quickly as the law will permit. 

"A good wife is heaven's greatest 
gift to man and the rarest gem the 
earth holds," remarked Mr. Jarphly 
the other morning. "She is his joy, 
his inspiration and his very soul. 
Through her he learns to reach the 
pure and true, and her loving hands 
lead him softly over the rough places. 
She is — " "Jeremiah," said Mrs. Jar- 
phly, solemnly, "Jeremiah, what wick- 
edness have you been up to now." — 
Truth. 



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10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



NEW NATION-WIDE REFORM 
MOVEMENT 



Organization of the Republican 
Progressive league by "progressive 
republican semators, representatives, 
governors and others — an organiza- 
tion which will seek to fight for the 
establishment of popular government" 
— was announced in Washington, D. 
C, Monday. 

Plans of the new league, which 
have been under way since the as- 
sembling of congress, were concluded 
at a meeting Saturday night 
when a declaration of principles was 
signed, a constitution adopted and 
the following officers elected: 

President — Senator Jonathan 

Bourne, Jr., Oregon. 

First vice-president — Representative 
George W. Norris, Nebraska. 

Second vice-president — Governor 
Chase S. Osborn, Michigan. 

Treasurer — Charles R. Crane, Chi- 
cago. 

Executive committee — Senator Mo- 
ses E. Clapp, Minnesota; Senator Jo- 
seph L. Bristow, Kansas; Represen- 
tative E. H. Hubbard, Iowa; Repre- 
sentative Irvine L. Lenroot, Wiscon- 
sin; Representative-elect William 
Kent, California; Gifford Pinchot, 
Pennsylvania; George L. Record, 
New Jersey, and the president, vice- 
presidents, treasurer, members ex- 
officio. 

Declaration of Principles 

The declaration of principles sign- 
ed by nine republican United States 
senators, the governors of six re- 
publican states, 13 members of the 
house, and others, follows: 

"We, the undersigned, associate 
ourselves together as the National 
Progressive league. 

"The object of the league is the 
promotion of popular government 
and legislation. 

"Popular government in America 
has been thwarted and progressive 
legislation strangled by the special 
interests which control caucuses, 
delegates, conventions and party or- 
ganizations, and through control of 
the machinery of government, dictate 
nominations and platforms, elect ad- 
ministrations, legislators, representa- 
tives in congress and United States 
senators and control cabinet officers. 

"Under existing conditions, legis- 
lation in the public interest has been 
baffled and defeated. This is evi- 
denced by the long struggle to secure 
laws, but partially effective, for the 
control of railway rate's and services, 
the revision of the tariff in the in- 
terest of the producer and consumer, 
statutes dealing with trusts and 
combinations, based on sound eco- 
nomic principles as applied to mod- 
ern industrial and commercial condi- 
tions, a wise, comprehensive and im- 
partial reconstruction of the banking 
and monetary laws, the conservation 
of coal, iron, gas, timber, water pow- 
ers and other natural resources be- 
longing to the people, and for the 
enactment of all legislation solely for 
Responsive to Popular Will 

"Just in pronortion as popular gov- 
ernment has in certain states super- 
ceded the delegate convention sys- 
tem and the peonle has assumed con- 
trol of the machinery of government, 
has government become responsive 
to the popular will and progressive 
legislation been secured. 

"The progressive league believes 
popular government is fundamental 
to all other questions. To this end 
it nrlvocates: 

"The election of United States 
senators by direct vote of the peo- 
ple. 

"Direct primaries for the nomina- 
tion of all elective officials, 



"The direct election of delegates to 
national conventions with opportun- 
ity for the voter to express his 
choice for president and vice-presi- 
dent. 

"Amendment to state constitutions 
providing for the initiative, referen- 
dum and recall. 

"A thorough general corrupt prac- 
tices act. 

"The league will co-operate with 
progressives in the several states 
and wherever acceptable, will render 
assistance in promoting the organiza- 
tion of state leagues. 

To Aid State Leagues 

"Whenever requested by any pro- 
gressive state league or by progres- 
sive leaders in state legislatures, the 
National Progressive Republican lea- 
gue will aid in the preparation of ap- 
propriate bills and resolutions and 
will furnish speakers and literature in 
support of legislative action upon the 
proposition, enumerated in the five 
numbered paragraphs set forth in the 
foregoing declaration of principles." 

(Signed): 

United States senators — Jonathan 
Bourne, Jr., Oregon; Albert J. Bev- 
eridge, Indiana; Joseph L. Bristow, 
Kansas; Norris Brown, Nebraska; 
Albert B. Ctimmins, Iowa; Moses E. 
Clapp, Minnesota; Joseph M. Dixon, 
Montana; A. J. Gronna, North Da- 
kota; Robert H. LaFollette, Wiscon- 
sin. 

Governors — Lester H. Aldrich, Ne- 
braska; Joseph M. Carey, Wyoming; 
Hiram W. Johnson, California; Fran- 
cis E. McGovern, Wisconsin; Chase 
Osborn, Michigan; W. R. Stubbs, 
Kansas. 

Congressmen — Henry Allen Cooper, 
Wisconsin; William J. Cary, Wiscon- 
sin; C. R. Davis, Minnesota; E. H. 
Hubbard, Iowa; C. N. Haugen, Iowa; 
Irvine L. Lenroot, Wisconsin; C. A. 
Lindbergh, Minnesota; Victor Mur- 
dock, Kansas; H. Madison, Kansas; 
E. H. M. Morse, Wisconsin; John M. 
Nelson, Wisconsin; Miles Poindexter, 
Washington. 

Other signatures — Ray Stannard 
Baker, Massachusetts; Louis D. 
Brandeis. Massachusetts; Charles R. 
Crane, Illinois; James R. Garfield, 
Ohio; Francis J. Heney, California; 
Fred S. Jackson, Kansas; William T. 
Kent, California; William LaFollette, 
Washington (three latter congress- 
man-elect); Gifford Pinchot, Pennsyl- 
vania; W. S. U'Ren, Oregon; Merle 
D. Vincent, Colorado; William Allen 
White, Kansas. 

Purposes of League 

Senator Bourne, president of the 
league, made the following statement 
in regard to its organization and pur- 
poses: 

"The declaration of principles of 
the National Progressive league 
speaks for itself. While its member- 
ship is confined to those who believe 
the republican party represented by 
progressive republicans offers the 
most encouragement for the estab- 
lishment of these principles, there Is 
no purpose to make it a political or- 
ganization in the sense of the pro- 
moting of the political fortunes of any 
man or men. 

"The enactment of legislation car- 
rying out the program is its sole pur- 
pose, and' it stands ready, whenever 
acceptable, to assist democratic as 
well as republican legislators to se- 
cure such legislation. 

"The league will at once enter up- 
on an aggressive campaign. State 
legislators will be organized, and up- 
on request, furnished with bills, liter- 
ature and speakers. Permanent head- 



quarters will be maintained for carry- 
ing on the work. 

"Precise uniformity of legislation in 
the different states is not to be ex- 
pected. Account must be taken of 
the conditions in each state as to the 
details of the legislation to be urged, 
the object being to insure popular 
government in the end. 

"Membership in the National Pro- 
gressive Republican league consists 
of those who have signed the declara- 
tion of principles and constitution, 
and of those who may hereafter be 



elected by a majority vote of the 
members. 

"I expect to devote my entire time 
to the work of the league so far as 
my official duties will permit. The 
league will be a permanent organiza- 
tion and its founders have made their 
plans for a continuance of its work' 
for a number of years." 
League Has Roosevelt's Approval 
According to the dispatches, Theo- 
dore Roosevelt Wednesday, in a 
signed article in the Outlook, approved 
the platform of the National Repub- ] 
lican Progressive League. 



STATE SHOULD NOT 

FIX LOCAL RATES 






Opposition Develops to Provisions of 
Sutherland Bill 



Protests are being vigorously made 
against some of the provisions of the 
bill to create a state board of public 
service commissioners, which has been 
introduced in both houses of the Leg- 
islature and sponsored by Assembly- 
man Sutherland. 

The section which has called forth 
protest is that of regulating rates. The 
bill provides that the commission, to 
be created, shall fix rates of public 
utilities for the whole State, thus de- 
priving cities of the inalienable right 
of fixing utility rates within their 
limits. 

Speaking on this subject, President 
Finlayson, of the City Club, had the 
following to say at last Saturday's 
luncheon: 

"In this State we have, perhaps 
more than in any other State, local 
self-government for our cities; and 
this is true particularly with respect 
to those cities like Los Angeles, who 
are operating under freeholders' char- 
ters, they being practically independ- 
ent of the Legislature. Such cities 
can work out their own salvation, un- 
hampered with laws passed by the 
legislature to a large extent. Such is 
not the case with the cities of some 
eastern states, as, for example, New 
York. The city of New York cannot 
determine for itself what regulations 
it shall have respecting the liquor 
question, but is bound and shackled 
by the law known as the "Raines" 
law, passed by the Legislature at Al- 
bany. 

"This local self-government which 
we have in California is of vital im 
portance. Many cities of the eastern 
states, and many of the Middle West 
also, are hampered because they are 
continually subjected to the influence 
of legislation made by the state leg- 
islature. 

"I understand there is now pending 
before the Legislature of this State a 
proposed constitutional amendment, 
the details of which I do not know, as 
I have just received notice of it, pro- 
viding for a state public utilities com- 
mission. Those of you who had the 
pleasure of hearing Mr. Haven's ad- 
dress of a few weeks ago remember 
what he said about the legislature en- 
actment for a state utilities commis- 
sion. A very good idea, indeed. One 
which would not intrench upon those 
commissions already existing in the 
municipalities of the state, but, on the 
contrary, without intrenching upon 
their jurisdiction will aid them very 
materially by giving to those local 
public utilities commissions informa- 
tion gathered by the State commis- 
sion; so that Mr. Haven's idea of the 
legislation to be passed by this ses- 
sion of the Legislature must be 



fraught with nothing but the very 
best results. 

"But I am informed that this con- 
stitutional amendment will empower 
that commission to regulate the pub- 
lic utilities of the State. I may, be 
mistaken, but if I am informed cor- 
rectly — as I say, I have not yet seen 
the resolution — that proposed consti- 
tutional amendment, giving to the 
state utilities commission the power 
to regulate the public utilities, might 
give to it power that would entrench 
upon the jurisdiction of our own Pub- 
lic Utilities Commission of this city 
and public utility commissions in oth- 
er cities of the State, which would de- 
prive us of that most valuable asset — 
local self-government. I know of no 
place in which self-government is of 
more importance than with regard to 
the regulation of public utilities. 

"It would be disastrous for this city, 
so far as the regulation of public util- 
ities in this city is concerned, were 
we subject only to the jurisdiction 
of the state commission which, in the 
years to come, perchance might be in 
control of some politician from San 
Francisco, and then the citizens of 
Los Angeles would be dependent for 
their most sacred rights upon the will 
and, perhaps, whim of that San Fran- 
cisco politician. Therefore, I say this 
proposed constitutional amendment, if 
I am correctly informed, might be 
fraught with danger. However, this 
much may be said with safety — it 
should be carefully scrutinized so that 
our legislators may be advised that 
the cities of this state, operating un- 
der freeholders' charters — particularly 
the city of Los Angeles — do not pro- 
pose to surrender one iota of their 
right of local self-government, par- 
ticularly the right to regulate the pub- 
lic utilities operating within the bound- 
aries of this and other cities operat- 
ing under freeholders' charters." 

The Municipal League of this city 
has added its protest by adopting the 
following resolution, which will be 
sent to Governor Johnson and mem- 
bers of the Legislature: 

"Resolved, That the Municipal 
League of Los Angeles, Cal., indorse 
and is in favor of legislation creating 
a public utilities and service commis- 
sion which shall have power to fix 
rates to be charged by public service 
corporations outside of the limits of 
freeholder charter cities, and which 
shall have power throughout the State 
to supervise all -public service cor- 
porations in relation to their capitali- 
zation and the creation of bonded in- 
debtedness and to prescribe a uniform 
system of bookkeeping; but the Mu- 
nicipal League is strongly opposed to 
the constitutional amendment known 
as 'Assembly Constitutional Amend- 
ment No. ff' introduced by Mr. Suther- 
land, for the reason that the same 
purposes to extend the jurisdiction of 
a public utilities commission, which is 
to be appointed by the Governor, over 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



egula- 

or COIlim: 

he Muni 

■ large 
under freeholders' 
chart' of the 

rich the ci 

that 
of the local 
ernment which is of more importance 

try to the welfai 
the citizens of a community than the 
'1 ami regulation of public utili- 
nd of the public service corpora- 
ipy its streets and fur- 
nish necessary transportation, lighting 
and power and other public sen 

itizens. To take such control 
from the local authorities in cities 
which have the population and finan- 
-trength to intelligently and ef- 
illy regulate such matters and 
»est it in : il is a step hack- 

ward, a return to state control of local 
affairs, and is opposed to the modern 
and progressive principle in municipal 
affairs that all local matters should he 
managed and controlled by local offi- 
a principle which has found its 
exponent and justification in our 
own city." 



"Corporations in Gelation 
Politics" 



to 



An address delivered by Delos F. Wilcox, Ph. D„ Chief of the Bureau 
cf Franchises cf the Public Service Commission for the First District, New 
York; Before the Economic Club of Providence, December 6. 



NEW NATIONAL MUNICIPAL 
LEAGUE OFFICERS 



Every Part of the Nation Represented 

on the Governing Board of 

Organization. 



William Dudley Foulke, of Rich- 
mond, Ind., formerly United States 
Civil Service Commissioner, is the 
new president of the National Muni- 
cipal League. He is one of the most 
aggressive workers in the -country for 
municipal advancement. President 
Foulke succeeds Charles J. Bonaparte, 
who was president of the League for 
seven years. 

The vice-presidents chosen in the 
Buffalo convention, in November, are 
H. D. W. English, president of the 
Pittsburg Civic Commission; Presi- 
dent A. Lawrence Lowell, of Harvard 
University; George McAneny, bor- 
ough president of Manhattan; Charles 
E. Mcrriam, chairman of the Merriam 
Commission. Chicago; Charles Rich- 
ardson, of Philadelphia, and Thomas 
N. Strong, of Portland, Ore. 

Clinton Rogers Woodruff, secretary 
of the League since its formation 
seventeen years ago, was re-elected, 
as was George Burnham, Jr., the treas- 
urer. Both are of Philadelphia. 

These are the members of the Exe- 
cutive Committee: Professor Albert 
Bushnell Hart, of Harvard Univer- 
sity, chairman; Robert Treat Paine 
and Harvey Stuart Chase, Boston; 
Dudley Tibbets, Troy, N. Y.; William 
G. Low, Eugene H. Outerbridge, Rob- 
ert S. Binkerd. Richard S. Childs, 
Arthur C. Luddington, William B. 
Howland, Raymond V. Ingersoll, New 
York; Knowlton Mixer and Frederick 
C. Gratwick, Buffalo; Merwin K. Hart, 
Utica; Charles W. Andrews, Syra- 
cuse; Clarence L. Harper and Thorn- 
is Raeburn White, Philadelphia; J. 
Horace McFarland, Harrisburg; 
Oliver McClintock, Pittsburg; Charles 
H. Ingersoll, South Orange, N. J.; 
M. N. Baker, Montclair, N. J.; Wil- 
liam P. Bancroft, Wilmington, Del.; 
Charles J. Bonaparte, Baltimore; El- 
liott Hunt Pendleton, Cincinnati; A. 
Leo Weil and George W. Guthrie, 
Pittsburg; Walter T.. Fisher, Chicago; 
I. 1.. Hudson, Detroit; John A. But- 
ler. Milwaukee: Dwight F. Davis, St. 
Louis; Ernst C, Kontz, Atlanta; the 
Rev. C. N. Lathrop and Frank J. 
Svmes, San Francisco; Meyer I.issner, 
Angeles. 



When I was invited to take p.Trt 
in the discussion of ins in 

Relation to Politics" on t!: 
I thought I could take as my text, anil 
approve without reservation, the sixth 
paragraph of the "Creed of the Amer- 
ican People." promulgated at I 1 
on the 28th of October, this year, by 
the distinguished ex-Forester, Mr. 
Pinchot. This paragraph i 

"I believe that corporations have 
certain rights that should be re- 
spected, hut they have no political 
powers or duties, and they 
should have no representatives in 
ess, in the Cabinet or on the 
Bench." 

Upon further reflection, I have con- 
cluded that Mr. Pinchot was too con- 
servative. I now find myself unable 
to accede to his preliminary declara- 
tion that "corporations have certain 
rights that should be respected." In 
my judgment corporations, as such, 
have no rights whatever, except pos- 
sibly in a metaphorical sense, as we 
might say that the woodman's axe has 
p right to be sharpened or that a 
lady's last year's bonnet has a right 
to be retrimmed. A corporation is 
a mere tool to be used in the further- 
ance of human welfare. So long as it 
is useful, or may be made useful by 
improvements, we would be wise to 
use it. But it has no rights whatever. 
We have the rights. A man and a 
corporation are not in the same cate- 
gory at all. 

"Rights" of Corporations 

I do not wish to be overtechnical or 
to juggle with words. I suppose that 
many of the persons who speak of 
the "rights" of corporations are really 
thinking of the rights of the people 
who have associated themselves to- 
gether for corporate activity.^ But 
even so, the persons who are in cor- 
porations have only the same rights 
as respects the State that other in- 
dividuals have, except insofar as these 
particular persons may have under- 
taken in their corporate capacity cer- 
tain special obligations which neces- 
sarily carry with them special com- 
pensating rights. Certainly no cor- 
poration or group of men in a cor- 
poration that is not performing^ any 
public function can claim special or 
unusual rights from the State. It 
would be monstrous for the State to 
confer special rights on a special class 
of citizens without imposing any 
corresponding obligations. It would 
be at variance, not only with the ac- 
cepted principles of democracy, but 
with the principles of every form of 
government that has been establishd 
since the world began. And so I say not 
only that corporations, as separate en- 
tities, as tools of human activity, as 
creatures of the State, have no rights, 
but also that corporate men, the 
groups of individuals who make up 
the corporations, have no rights as 
such unless they are performing a 
special public service by means of 
their corporate organization, and then 
their rights are depended upon and 
measured by their faithfulness and 
efficiency in performing that service. 
What a Corporation Is 

I do not wish, however, to pass 
over too easily the conception of cor- 
porations as separate, powerful, in- 
tangible entities stalking over the land 
and making themselves masters of it. 
For after all the explanations to the 
effect that a corporation is a mere as- 
sociation of human beings very like 
other human beings, the fact remains 
that in current thought and popular 
discussion the emphasis is laid much 



:iu. upon the instrument itself 
rather than upon the men who use it. 
The tool overshadows the man. The 
idea of the tool ma -ter- the man as he 
stands in the shadow, Il is essential 
in tlr dwell upon the 

differences between man and tool. I 
that they arc not in the 
category. In these modi rn daj s 
of intense outward activity and con- 
stant stimulation, we may not have a 
clear and precise idea, ready at all 
times to formulate itself in words, of 
the superiority that characterizes a 
human being in relation to any or all 
of the non-human things that sur- 
round him. But none of us is so mean 
that he would not instinctively scorn 
comparison ( >f his own ultimate im- 
portanice with that of the greatest cor- 
poration in the world. It is this su- 
periority of man over his environment 
and the creatures of his hand and 
brain, that lies at the basis of the 
State and marks politics as the high- 
est category of the world's activity. 
Our fathers declared that all men are 
created equal and that they are en- 
dowed by the Creator with certain in- 
alienable rights, among which are life, 
liberty and the pursuit of happiness. 
Perhaps as a reaction from the spirit 
of unreasoning reverence for the pro- 
nouncements of the fathers, it has 
n,ow become quite the fashion to pick 
the Declaration to pieces and say that 
it is fallacious and untrue, especially 
in the statement that men are created 
eaual. Looking upon the acknowl- 
edged inequalities of men in physical, 
intellectual and moral stature, the 
modern apologists for privileged 
classes tell us that Tefferson was mis- 
taken. The inequalities to which they 
point are perfectly obvious, and were 
as obvious in 1776 as they are in 1910. 
Tefferson certainly did not suppose, or 
think he could make the world be- 
lieve, that all babies at birth weigh ex- 
actly six pounds and are twenty 
inches long, or even that all men who 
are given equal facilities for self-de- 
velopment from their birth will attain 
an exactly equal adult stature in edu- 
cation, culture and social power. Men 
are equal in this respect — they are all 
born of women, they hunger and are 
satisfied with bread, they grow weary 
and are refreshed with sleep, they play 
in their babyhood, in manhood they 
work and grow strong, they love and 
beget children, they live in a state of 
mutual co-operation and independ- 
ence, they grow old and die and their 
bodies dissolve into the elements of 
the earth. This wonderful drama of 
life is universal among men. Every 
■child that is born starts upon such a 
career. Tt is the function of the State 
to smooth the way so that as many 
as possible may keep in the race to 
the end. living their lives fully and 
well, performing their narts in the 
great panorama in which all are 
actors and spectators at the same 
time.. 

Freedom, Not Liberty, the Goal 
No human being is so small or so 
insignificant as to fall outside the 
jurisdiction of the State. Political ac- 
tion gees to the individual. The cen- 
sus ramifies and searches in all the 
nooks and corners of the earth to find 
human beings. Every man. woman 
or child that draws the breath of life 
counts one. For governmental pur- 
poses the surface of the earth is phy- 
sically divided and set off into sover- 
eign jurisdictions so that no one may 
be left out. Each particular sov- 
ereignty is itself divided into common- 
wealths", counties, cities, towns, ad- 



niinistrati . 

in evi o that 

!. il in an 
man, 
however mean or ignorant or 
ci.il. shall he left to himself alone. 
Government oi gani: \ where 

and in detail. 1 in [otal 

of the people's activity in rel.il: 

nment. \\ 

ng movi n 
■n intelligence directing the 
common endeavi rmmon 

end: The only word that i- adequate 
lo describe this .universal, agi 
purpose is "freedom." Fri 

1 which history and civili- 
zation tend — not freedom" to "do as 
one pleases," not freedom to [o 
wild and law les impulses that are sell 
destructive and destructive to society 
— but freedom to do right, freedom 
under law, freedom to develop one's 
powers as a social being, construc- 
tive freedom. We might as well he 
rid once for all of the idea that free- 
dom can ever be liberty to destroy 
or to refuse to function. Freedom 
does not include the right of suicide 
or of social destruction. The man, or 
even the family, alone on a desert 
island is least free. The untutored 
savage in the pathless forest is least 
free. It is only by social co-opera- 
tion, division of labor, economy of ef- 
fort, development of social functions 
that freedom can be attained. Poli- 
tics is the eternal vigilance that is the 
price of liberty. Government is for 
men. Government has only human 
ends. It is not concerned with phy- 
sical nature or with property except 
as they are or can be made subservient 
to men and thus increase human 
opportunity. Government in all ages 
has been in large measure diverted 
from its true universal purpose into 
an institution devoted to the benefit 
of those who govern. But we hold 
that democracy was ordained from the 
beginning, that it is the normal pur- 
pose of the state toward which civili- 
zation tends. 

Relation of Corporations to the State 
What shall be the relation of the 
corporation to the state? It should 
be the same as the relation of man to 
his Maker — one of daily prayer and 
humble service. Even this analogy 
will be misleading without a further 
explanation. My religious creed does 
not allow that the daily prayer re- 
ferred to should be the importunate 
demand for special favors, which 
characterizes the devotions of some, 
religious people and the political ac- 
tivities of many lusty corporations. 
On the other hand, my religious creed 
does not require that men should be 
constantly waiting upon the Lord, 
pressing upon Him their direct and 
personal services. When He has 
need He will call us. Meantime, in 
the world at large, governed by His 
law, we work out our destinies for 
ourselves, in joy and sorrow and pa- 
tience — but always obeying His law. 
The daily prayer and the humble ser- 
vice are in the application of the 
Golden Rule to the affairs of men. It 
is when men become arrogant and 
forget God, in the sense that they 
break His law and try to put them- 
selves outside of His jurisdiction and 
"do as they please," that in the asser- 
tion of a false freedom they destroy 
themselves. It is hard to kick against 
the pricks. The corporation, in its 
relation to the state, should devote it- 
self to the furtherance of 

The Purposes of Democracy, 
all converging into one purpose — the 
development of a free, strong, happy 
people. If the corporation introduces 
economies in production, helps in the 
equitable distribution of wealth, pro- 
motes honesty and fair dealing among 
men — in a word, contributes to the de- 
velopment of human freedom — it is a 
good tool. It has no specific relation 
to politics, except as an instrument 
of the people through which pros- 
perity and order can more easily be 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



attained. It has no rights. It does 
not forget its creator in attempts to 
break the law or to defeat the pur- 
poses of the state. It does not clamor 
for privileges or protection. It is 
dumb. It can only work under the 
laws which men in their wisdom or 
their ignorance prescribe for the 
furtherance of their own welfare. 
Otherwise, these intangible creatures, 
arrogating to themselves the powers 
that attach to the control of concen- 
trated wealth, become a sort of phan- 
tom aristocracy, all the more power- 
ful because they are so elusive and 
pervading, so much the creatures ot 
men's thoughts and fears. 
Campaign Contributions a Betrayal ot 
Trust 

Political contributions by corpora- 
tions are inconsistent with the nature 
of things. They represent a betrayal 
of trust on the part of certain individ 
uals who for the time being have con- 
trol of corporation funds. They are 
given because these individuals are 
unwilling to contribute the money 
from their own pockets so long as 
they are able, through their trustee- 
ship, to give of the funds in which 
others have a share. 
Great Personal Fortunes Condemned 

Another abuse of corporate organi- 
zation is the exploitation of it for the 
creation of great personal fortunes. 
It is through corporations for the 
most part that men get rich. Men 
have no right to get rich. It is to 
the interest of the state that they 
should not. Property, like the cor- 
porations, has been set up in many 
quarters as an end in itself. Property 
has no rights. It is only men who 
have rights. When the accumulation 
or the concentration of wealth or of 
the control over wealth runs 'counter 
to the general welfare of men, every 
instrument that helps to accentuate 
the evil is without standing before the 
state. It should be discarded or its 
use transformed. I fear we have a 
wrong notion about property. There 
is no such thing ultimately as private 
property. 

All Wealth Is Social 

All property is held in trust. The 
day will come when, roughly speak- 
ing, no man who makes an ill use of 
wealth, either for himself or for so- 
ciety at large, will be permitted to 
keep it under his control, and on the 
other hand every man who develops 
special social efficiency will be put 
into control of enough wealth to en- 
able him to perform his functions for 
society to the best advantage. The 
corporation is, in its ideas, an instru- 
ment particularly adapted to help 
bring about this transformation in our 
attitude toward property. Whenever 
it is used to strengthen the recogni- 
tion of absolute ownership of property 
by individuals, or to increase the 
amounts of property subjected to such 
ownership, i t i s being perverted from 
its true function and is running coun- 
ter to the purposes of the state. Un- 
der such circumstances the corpora- 
tion needs chastening, or if that is not 
possible, then dissolution. The jug- 
gling with corporate securities is the 
particular abuse through which the 
corporation is most frequently used 
to make men rich to the detriment 
of the state. 

Special Franchises 

Before bringing my remarks to a 
close, I must refer briefly to the spe- 
cial class of corporations that bear a 
particular relation to the state. I 
mean public service corporations en- 
joying special franchises. The rela- 
tion of this class of corporations, to 
politics is unique; their function is 
not private, but public. In the broad- 
est sense of the term their activities 
are wholly political. Public utilities, 
to my mind, are public functions 
which, in this country, are usually 
delegated to corporations as agents of 
the state. It seems to me that public 
utility companies should be treated 
substantially as arms of the civil ser- 
vice, and in the same way be divorced 



from "politics" in the narrow sense 
of that term. If my idea of the true 
relation between public service cor- 
porations and the state or the city 
government is correct, then first of 
all the speculative element should be 
ruled out of public utility investments 
and the utilities operated as ^ public 
monopolies at cost, including a 
limited but reasonably certain return 
upon the capital actually and neces- 
sarily invested. Municipalities usually 
pay their bonds when due. Broadly 
speaking, public service corporations 
never do. Public utility securities, 
under a rational franchise contract, 
would become substantially as safe as 
municipal bonds. I regard this ques- 
tion of capitalization as at the very 
core of the problem of the relations 
of the public service corporation to 
politics. It is here that the public 
and the private interest clash most 
violently. 

Plants Should Be Honestly Capital- 
ized 

It is to the interest of the public 
that utility plants should be honestly 
and conservatively capitalized to be- 
gin with and then that the capital 
should be continuously reduced by 
amortization out of earnings. It is 
to the interest of the public service 
corporation, not as the servant of the 
state, but as the tool of those who 
seek great riches, that utilities should 
be capitalized as heavily and as dis- 
honestly as possible to begin with and 
that thereafter the capitalization 
should constantly increase. But, per- 
haps, there is no better illustration of 
the ultimate futility of the theory that 
freedom means freedom to take one- 
self out of the jurisdiction of law than 
in this very matter of overcapitaliza- 
tion. While particular individuals 
get rich in this way and incur the 
distinction that attends upon infamy, 
the great majority of those who in- 
vest in the hope of securing riches 
only mutilate their own fortunes and 
suffer and perhaps perish in oblivion. 

Freedom pertains to men. It means 
freedom to do well. A corporation is 
a mere tool. It has no political rights. 
If it does not serve the purposes of 
the state, if it runs counter to human 
welfare, it has no standing before the 
bar of judgment. It should be mend- 
ed or destroyed. 



Railway Commissioners Condemn Ex- 
press Companies for Excessive 
Charges 



which the words are used in the Uni- 
ted States. The Canadian Express 
Company is the G. T. R. under an- 
other name, and the Dominion Ex- 
press Company is the C. P. R. The 
actual money in th^ form of capital 
put into the Canadian Express Com- 
pany when it was organized in 1865 
was $27,520. No further money was 
put in on stock account. The Grand 
Trunk bought out the company in 
1892, paying $660,000 for the business 
as a going concern. There are now 
three millions of stock outstanding on 
an original investment of $27,520., 
while the tangible assets are only 
$212,719. The capital account of the 
Dominion Express Company is on the 
same basis. The sum of $24,500is all 
the money ever actually paid in on 
capital account; the accumulated as- 
sets are about $600,000, while there 
are two million dollars' worth of capi- 
tal stock outstanding. The commis- 
sioners very properly point out that 
if a company chooses to inflate its 
capital by making nine-tenths water 
to one-tenth cash it is absurd to say 
it is entitled to six, eight, ten, or any 
other percentage upon the inflated 
capitalization. 

"In this terse sentense the railway 
commission of Canada lays down a 
principle over which there have been 
years of strife across the border. The 
basis of the cost of railway transporta- 
tion should be the cost of performing 
the service plus a reasonable rate of 
interest on the capital invested in the 
business. If a company chooses to 
say it has ten millions invested in it, 
and has in fact but one million in it, 
the railway commission proposes to 
base rates on the real and not on the 
fictitious capital." 



EXPRESS RATES IN CANADA 
TO BE REDUCED 



After an inquiry spread over a per- 
iod of several years and involving the 
hearing of a vast mass of evidence, 
the Board of Railway Commissioners 
of Canada has issued a voluminous 
judgment, which, in effect, is a sweep- 
ing condemnation of the express com- 
panies doing business in the Domin- 
ion. Declaring that the express com- 
panies are greatly over-capitalized, 
that their forms of contract with ship- 
pers are grossly unfair, and that they 
are owned by the railway companies, 
whose earnings on express traffic are 
excessive, the board finds that the 
tolls are unreasonably high and or- 
ders the filing of new tariffs within 
the next three months, and the prepa- 
ration of a new form of contract. 
Other points which have been the 
subiect of complaint for years are 
dealt with in a manner more or less 
favorable to shippers, the whole judg- 
ment being in the direction of relaxing 
the grip of the companies unon the 
trading public. It is perhaps the most 
notable deliverance yet made by the 
railway board, and will have a far- 
reaching effect. 

Commenting on the decision, the 
Toronto Globe says, editorially: 

"The old evil of over-capitalization 
seems to be especially potent in the 
case of the express companies. There 
are as a matter of fact, no express 
companies in Canada in the sense in 



SENATOR WRIGHT AND HIS 
GROUCH 

Senator Leroy A. Wright of San 
Diego cannot hide his chagrin over 
the defeat of his Senatorial candidate, 
A. G. Spalding. 

He carries his animosity against 
Senator Works to the point of attack- 
ing E. T. Earl of Los Angeles, a 
friend and supporter of the progres- 
sive Senator. 

Wright would, if he could, prevent 
Earl's confirmation as a trustee of the 
normal school in Los Angeles, one of 
the most acceptable appointments yet 
made by Governor Johnson. 

Naturally, Senator Wright denies 
that Earl's support of Senator Works 
has anything to do with his fight 
against the Los Angeles millionaire. 

He gives as his reason for his op- 
position the allegation that Mr. Earl 
accepted rebates from the railroads 
when he v/as a big fruit shipper, some 
fifteen years ago. 

The absolute flimsiness of this ex- 
cuse is apparent to all who" are not 
irreparably biased against truth and 
fairness. 

Granted that E. T. Earl did accept 
rebates fifteen 3'ears ago, what has 
that to do with the present case? 

Fifteen years ago rebates were 
looked upon as a part of general busi- 
ness. There was no law against the 
practice; no public clamor that rebat- 
ing should cease. 

When rebating degenerated into 
a weapon for the strong shipper 
against his weaker competitor: when 
it became a thing of evil. E. T. Earl 
stooped his acceptance of drawbacks, 
and went out of the shipping business. 

But Senator Wright continues to 
harp upon a legal and general prac- 
tice among business men in a vain ef- 
fort to discredit one of the leading 
progressives of California. He knows 
his charge against Earl carries no 
weight. He is using it to cloak his 
open hostility against Earl because 
the latter is a friend of Senator 
Works. 

The utter absurdity of his position 
regarding rebating is shown in the 
fact that a San Bernardino investigat- 
ing committee reported that Alden 
Anderson — of whose school of poli- 



tics Wright is a member — accepted 
rebates long after E. T. Earl discon- 
tinued the practice. 

Senator Wright admits he has no 
proof of Earl's rebating, and he has 
until Monday to gather evidence. 

In the meantime his charges are 
treated with the disdain they deserve. 
E. T. Earl is in the forefront of the 
great struggle that is freeing Califor- 
nia from the stranglehold of the 
Southern Pacific; he is the proprietor 
of a newspaper that is consistently 
fighting for right in city and state; 
he is clean and able; not self-seeking; 
and California is the better for his 
having lived in this state. — Oakland 
Enquirer. 



HOW POSTAL SAVINGS BANKS 
WORK 



British postal savings banks pay 
two and a half per cent interest on 
deposits and have over eleven million 
depositors — roughly, one to four of 
the population — with eight hundred 
million dollars to their credit. When 
the interest on Government bonds 
was two and three-fourths per cent 
the postal banks showed a profit. 
Since bond interest was reduced to 
two and a half per cent — the same 
rate paid depositors — they have, of 
course, operated at a loss. 

French postal savings banks pay 
two and a half per cent interest on de- 
posits and have five million deposi- 
tors, with about three hundred mil- 
lion dollars to their credit. They are 
operated at a profit. The postal sav- 
ings banks of Italy also have five mil- 
lion depositors, with about three hun- 
dred million dollars to their credit. 
They pay a little over two per cent 
on deposits and show a good profit 
after deducting over a million dollars 
a year of income tax. Postal savings 
banks in Belgium pay three per cent 
on small deposits, two per cent on 
larger accounts. They have two mil- 
lion depositors, with a hundred and 
forty million dollars to their credit, 
and are operated at a profit. In Eng- 
land and France the annual cost of 
administration is a little less than one- 
half of one per cent of the amount on 
deposit; in Belgium it is a little more; 
in Italy only one-quarer of one per 
cent. 

From a bulletin recently issued by 
the National Monetary Commission, 
statistics for other countries might be 
added — all, however, to the same gen- 
eral_ effect. There are over forty 
million depositors in all postal sav- 
ings banks — mainly working people, 
for whom perfect security and con- 
venience of access to a depository are 
the great inducements to save. To 
take care of their savings costs noth- 
ing, except in England, where the 
deficit is due to a reduction of inter- 
est on the Government debt. Such, 
briefly, is the world's experience of 
the system which is now being estab- 
lished in this country — Saturday Eve- 
ning Post. 



HALF-CENT COIN 

The idea of the half cent as cur- 
rency has not in the past harmonized 
with American notions. Fractional 
currency as small as that seemed too 
insignificant to bother with. But 
American notions of the value of 
things are changing, and it is prob- 
able that an effort will be made in the 
next Congress to add the half cent 
to the country's coinage. The lack of 
the half cent in our money undoubt- 
edly costs the consumers of the Uni- 
ted States millions of dollars every 
year. Competition has become so 
keen in business that producers and 
middlemen figure their orices down to 
the finest point. — Cleveland Leader. 



First Cannibal — How did that actor 
taste? Second Cannibal — He was 
good in certain parts. — Columbia 
Jester. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



The Jester's Bells 



"Them Burglars" 



1 big man, with a 1 
brimmed slouch hat and a fierce 
ug gray beard. A guide tagged 
along as he marched brickly down the 
corridor of the capitol, com- 
menting on the sights shown him 
only with a growl, a snort or a grunt. 
He paused at the end of the corridor 
and perked his head toward a carpetec 
passage: 

"What's them burglars doing to- 
day ?" he demanded. 

"The senate is not in session, sir," 
the guide in a shocked voice. 

After the visitor had departed the 
guide sat down on his chair and 
mopped his heated brow. 

t's one kind that comes here." 
he said. "We have all kinds, but his 
style is the hardest to deal with. 
Called the senate burglars — you heard 
him. and he kicked at everything else 
I showed him. They ain't got no 
patriotism at all. and a United States 
senator ain't no more to them than a 
doorkeeper. Why, I'm afraid to take 
men like him into the supreme court 
— likely as not they'll say something 
disrespectful right out loud. Do you 
know what that one said when I 
showed him Statuary Hall? He says, 
'Who are all those crooks?' Then he 
wanted to know how much all them 
statues cost the government and who 
got the rake-off. I told him they were 
given by the states and he said that 
was once when the states put one 
over. 

'You wouldn't think," said the 
guide with a sigh, "that patriotic 
Americans could come here and be so 
callous about the things they see. I 
don't know what the country's com- 
ing to. I've been a guide here 20 
years, but I never thought I'd live to 
hear the senate called burglars." — L. 
A. Record. 



Mrs. Muggins — My husband is a 
great believer in the power of the 
press. Mrs. Buggins — Yes. I notice 
he always hides behind his papei 
when he has a seat in a crowded car. 
■ — r-nna. Kress. 



Chief Editor — Look here, Sharp*, 
here's a fiddler been hanged for mur- 
der. How shall we headline it? Mus- 
ical Editor — How would "Difficult 
Execution on One String" do? — St. 
Louis Times. 

"Noah must have felt lucky when 
he landed after his long sail." "Yes," 
replied the New York importer. 
"Think of a man landing all that car- 
go without a customs official to say a 
word!" — Washington Star. 



Artist — Madam, it is not faces alone 
that I paint, it is souls! Madam — Oh, 
you do interiors, then? — Boston Tran- 
script. 



Away Out West 

"You say this is the only house it? 
the county?" 

"That's what." 

"I'm thinking of building a few 
miles further on." 

"Build right here, stranger. Then 
we'll have a town." — Courier Journal. 



An Interesting Antique 

"Fine old inn, sir," commented the 
host. "Everything in this house has 
its story." 

"I don't doubt it." remarked the 
grouchy tourist. "And is there any 
legend connected with this old piece 
of cheese?" — Kansas City Journal. 



Long Drawn Out 
Judge — "What is your name?" 
Prisoner— "J. J. J. J. John Join-.'' 

Judge — "Why do you have so many 
J's in your name?" 

Prisoner — "The preacher who christ- 
ened me stuttered, sir. — London An 



A Courteous Juryman 
Prosecutor Cline of Cleveland till* 
ry of a murder case he once 
tried, in which he had a good deal ol 
difficulty in gettin ■ a jury chosen. He 
ine venireman the question: 
"Have you any scruples against vot- 
ing for the infliction of the death 
penalty in case willful murder is 
proved? "I got to ask for iriferma- 
li'in." answered the venireman, cau- 
tiously. "Should I say yes or no to 
that there question if I don't want to 
set "ii this here jury?" — Kansas City 
Star. 



For the First Comer 
Young Man — "So Miss Ethel is your 
oldest sister? Who comes after her?' 
Small Brother — Nobody ain't come 
yet; but pa says the first fellow that 
comes can have her." — Boston Tran- 
script. 



Sarcastic 

A pompous-looking lawyer once 
chartered a hansom cab, and on reach- 
ing his destination he only gave his 
driver the shilling required by law. 

The driver looked at the coin and 
bit his lip. Then in the most courte- 
ous manner he said: "Do step in again, 
sir. I could ha' druv ye a yard or two 
farther for this 'ere." — London Fun. 



"The only thing I find to say 
against you is that your washing bill 
is far too extravagant. Last week you 
had six blouses in the wash. Why, 
Jane, my own daughter never sends 
more than two." "Ah, that may be, 
mum," replied Jane, "but I 'ave to! 
Your daughter's sweetheart is a bank 
clerk, while my young man is a chim- 
ney sweep. It makes a difference, 
mum." — Tit- Bits. 



Yeast — And was he cool in the hour 
of danger? Crimsonbeak — Well, his 
feet were! — Yonkers Statesman. 



"How Tillie's clothes hang about 
her! Why, they don't fit her at all!" 
"But think how much worse she 
would look if they did!" — Meggendor- 
fer Blatter. 



"Guess I must have been born un- 
lucky." "What makes you say that?" 
"Well, for instance, I went to a ball 
game once. There were eighteen 
players on the diamond, fifteen or 
twenty on the benches, 10.000 people 
in the grandstand, 20,000 on the 
bleachers and — the ball hit me." — To- 
ledo Blade. 



McCool— What's my bill? Clerk— 
What room? McCool — I slept on the 
billiard table. Clerk— Fifty cents an 
hour. — Chicago Daily News. 



"Oh, yes," Mrs. Smith told us, "my 
husband is an enthusiastic archaeolo- 
gist. And I never knew it till yester- 
day. I found in his desk some queer 
looking tickets with the inscription 
'Mudhorse, 8 to 1.' And when I asked 
him what they were, he explained to 
me that they were relics of a lost 
race. Isn't "it interesting?" — Boston 
Traveler. 




Orpheum 
The attractive bill t this 

week by tile Orpheum Road SI 
distinguished by at le.i>t foui 
which are perfect of their kind. I 
arc the two headliners, La Pia and tin 
hers l [oward, the 
ventriloquist, and the playet, 
"l!i- Nerve." To begin with tin- best, 
Charles and Henry Rigoletto are a 
whole \audeville show in themselves. 
They have mastered an unbelievable 
number of phases of dexterity, which 
they display with generosity, nerve 
and an equipment whose lavishness 
goes far toward proving them expert 
and enterprising. Their long act in- 
cludes feats as instrumentalists, jug- 
glers, illusionists, plastic acrobats and 
aerial gymnasts. After their dashing 
finale, a banjo and mandolin duet 



and is an extremely clever and com- 

i flair. 

i supply tin- In i. ad laughs which 

1 im bil ■ thout, 

Melville and Rob ns re- 

t urn i" receive .mi upri iarii ius welc 

and to renew their jests on Mr 1 1 ig- 
ique. lie still "lets it lay" 
his hat, in the audi 
delight. 
1 lilifii 1 1 and Warren entertain with 

v 1 minstrelsy, and Joe Jackson and 

Cross and Josephine hold over to 
complete a splendid program. 

D. R. L. 



Jolly T. Powers 

If you want a merry-go-round of 

fun, that will keep the cobwebs from 

getting permanent hold in your top, 

go to see Tames T. rowers at Ham- 




Maxine Elliott, Majestic Theatre Nex t Week 



play as they balance at either end 
of a ladder in midair, one sighs in 
pity for the old vaudeville "artists" 
who gloried in but one line of work. 
What chance have they against these 
Italian brothers with their unchal- 
lenged versatility? 

For beauty and novelty, no dancer 
who has appeared on the Orpheum 
stage has offered an act which equals 
that of La Pia, "the Enchantress," 
now on her first American tour. She 
appears in an exquisitely dainty Japa- 
nese dance, in a gorgeous Egyptian 
effect, in a remarkably realistic fire 
dance, and in "The Sea Nymph," a 
marine fancy both new and beautiful, 
which leaves one with an almost awed 
sense of the sea's irresistible powers. 

The achievements of Howard, the 
ventriloquist, would better be heard 
than read about, lest the veracity of 
the writer be doubted. 

Charles Leonard Fletcher does some 
finished work as the intrepid and 
humorous gentleman burglar in "His 
Nerve." a sketch which certainly bears 
out its claim to "absorbing interest" 



burger's Majestic theatre this week. 
The play "Havana" contains all the 
traditional machinery of improbabili- 
ties that characterize light opera, and 
is a very excellent musical comedy 
of the good sort. 

As bo-sun of the Wasp and a matri- 
monial outlaw, Mr. Powers has a role 
that gives him no end of opportunity 
for fun making, of which the large 
audiences seem never to have enough. 
Mr. Powers is a great favorite with 
audiences who want to forget the 
vexations and frictions outside. While 
not a vocalist, his enunciation is so 
distinct that his hearers don't care 
whether he is singing or talking. It 
is a pity that he does not encourage 
the other soloists to enunciate as 
carefully. 

The fun of the play is all clean, the 
chorus excellent, the stage pictures 
beautiful. All the parts are in com- 
petent hands. Helen Darling as Con- 
nielo, the Cuban beauty, and Dave 
Andrada as the son fresh from an 
English University, deserve special 
mention for good acting. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The music of "Havana" was written 
by Leslie Stuart, author of- Florodora 
and is reminiscent of that popular 
opera. 

If tired or bored, if blue or cross, 
spend an evening with J. T. (Jolly 
Talker) Powers at the Majestic and 
you will be glad you are living. 

M. J. B. 
COMING ATTRACTIONS 

At the Auditorium next week there 
will be offered as the first dramatic 
production of the year Edward Shel- 
don's much-discussed race-problem 
play of the South, "The Nigger," with 
Florence Roberts. As the name sug- 
gests, the play deals with the negro 
and his relations to the dominant 
white race, and in working out his 
story the author is said to have at- 
tacked conditions that no other Amer- 
ican playwright has ever before had 
the courage to assail. Nevertheless, 
the play. does not make an appeal for 




Alice Lloyd, Orpheum Road Show 
Next Week 

racial equality, and insists that the fu- 
ture of the negro must depend largely 
upon himself. The race question, 
however, is simply the background for 
these acts of intense human realism. 
This may be readily judged from an 
outline of the plot. Philip Morrow, 
the central figure of the play, after 
some unpleasant experiences in han- 
dling a party of lynchers, is elected 
governor of a Southern State, largely 
through the efforts of Clifton Noyes, 
a distiller, who looks to his successful 
candidate to veto the prohibition bill 
which the legislature has passed. Mor- 
row refuses, even when Noyes, who 
has discovered that Morrow has negro 
blood in his veins, threatens to expose 
him. This scene with Noyes, and the 
subsequent one with Georgiana Byrd, 
his sweetheart, when he tells her that 
he is a "nigger," and she repulses 
him, are dramatic. At the finale of 
the play, Morrow accepts his tragic 
fate, resigning all hope of social equal- 
ity and political preferment, and con- 
demned to see the woman he loves 
pass out of his life, anticipates his 
enemy and makes known to the pub- 
lic that he is a negro, and that he can 
no longer be their governor and lead- 
er. It is not difficult to concieve of 
the dramatic possibilities of such a 
situation. 



Miss Maxine Elliott comes to the 
Hamburger's Majestic Theatre on 
Monday night for one week in her 
jolly nautical comedy, "The Inferior 
Sex," in which she appeared at Daly's 
Theatre in New York last winter and 
spring and a supplementary engage- 
ment at her own theatre this autumn. 
The comedy was written for Miss 
Elliott by Frank Stayton of London 



. The second week of the Orpheum 
Road Show, together with Alice 
Lloyd, Lew Sully, Lillian Burkhart 
& Co., and Ernest Scharff, which be- 
gins with the matinee on Monday, 
January 30, promises to be better than 
the week just closing, which has of- 
fered Orpheum patrons one of the 
best bills in its history. For the first 
time the Road Show will be divided, 



winsome ways and that faculty of get- 
ting things over which puts her into 
intimate touch with her audiences. She 
has a wealth of new songs, all of them 
being restricted to her exclusive use; 
she still retains her success, "Splash 
Me," and one or two others of her 
best liked past hits, and she has 
eighteen trunks of clothes and forty 
hats to delight sartorially. 




Scene from "The Nigger," Auditorium Next Week 



and has in it the tang of the sea air 
and the music of rolling waves. 

It tells the story of a beautiful 
woman who is rescued from an open 
dory adrift on the wide ocean and 
brought aboard a yacht owned by a 
man who hates women or thinks he 
does, which all amounts to the same 
thing. He has left London to escape 
the charms of his feminine acquaint- 
ances and is writing a book which he 
is pleased to call "The Inferior Sex," 
in which he dwells with more candor 
than politeness on the weaknesses 
and foibles of womankind. Circum- 
stances force the woman to remain 
on the yacht some days and the gradu- 
ally clearing comprehension of the 
man for womankind in general and 
this woman in particular, makes a di- 
verting and absorbing entertainment, 
enhanced, of course, by a pretty love 
story, for naturally the master of the 
yacht falls desperately in love with 
his charming supercargo. 

Miss Elliott will have the same sup- 
port which surrounded her during her 
two New York runs in the piece. The 
company includes Frederick Kerr and 
O. B. Clarence, two gentlemen known 
in London for their abilities to amuse 
and T. Tamamoto, a Japanese actor. 
The scenic accessories are novel, all 
the action taking place on the yacht, 
"Firefly," of which the cabin, decks 
and superstructure are revealed. 



and instead of all its acts being here 
only the four biggest will remain, 
these include La Pia, the Rigoletto 
Brothers, Howard and Melville and 
Higgins. ii .i 

Little need be said of Alice Lloyd, 
England's well-known comedienne. 
Miss Lloyd has daintiness, beauty, 



As funny and desirable in his way, 
too, is Lew Sully — fat, fair and more 
than forty. Lew is a comedian all of his 
own school. With Miss Lloyd's aid 
and consent he is giving travesties of 
that fetching little singer. Several of 
her most popular numbers, such as 
"Splash Me" and "Master Cupid," are 



LJAM BURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 

' A Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco, Mgr. Near Ninth 
Beginning Monday Night, Jan. 30 

MISS MAXINE ELLIOTT 

(Under her own management) In her cup-lifting yachting comedy 
"&/je INFERIOR SEX" By Frank Stayton 
Prices— Nights and Sat. Mat. 50c to $2.00. Popular Mat. Wed., 
50c to $1.50. Coming— "THE MIDNIGHT SONS." 



jyiOROSCO'S BURBANK THEATER Main Street 
Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company Near Sixth 

Third Week Begins Sunday Matinee, Jan. 29 
Packed at every perfoimance — the same production New York will pay 
$2 a seat to see in October "THE FOX." 

Nights — 25c, SOc, 75c. Matinees Saturday and Sunday, 10c, 25c, 50c. 
Next Week— "IS MATRIMONY A FAILURE?" FIRST TIME 
IN STOCK. 



"The Fox" goes into its third week 
at the Burbank Theatre beginning 
with the matinee Sunday. This com- 
edy of Lee Arthur's has unquestion- 
ably caused more comment than any 
other new production given by Mr. 
Morosco. Although "The Fox" has 
achieved considerable reputation as a 
baffling puzzle play, it is not in the 
manner in which it fools the audiences 
that it makes its greatest appeal. The 
characterizations in the play are novel 
to the stage, and probably nothing 
like the Peter Delaney of A. Byron 
Beasley has been created. The other 
members of the Burbank company art 
equally at home in roles which pos- 
sess originality. David Hartford, 
David Landau, Charles Ruggles, 
Frank Camp, Peter Lang, Frederick 
Gilbert, Willis Marks, Marjorie Ram- 
beau and Louise Royce give a per- 
formance which is finished in every 
detail. The third week of "The Fox" 
will give the Burbank company an 
opportunity for rehearsing the first 
stock production ever given of David 
Belasco's New York comedy, "Is 
Matrimony a , Failure," which will be 
staged the following week. 



flRPUFIIM THFATRF VAUDEV IE Sprint Si., Bel. 2d & 3d Mai. Ev. ry Day Both Phonel 

ur.rnr.um inxnint 1447 m«i.. ioc, 25c, 50c. NigH, We, 2Sc, soc, 75c 

Beginning Monday Matinee, Jan. 30 



ALICE LLOYD 

Dainty English Comedienne 
LILLIAN BURKHART & CO. 

"What Every Woman Wants" 

And, Positively Last Week THE ORPHEUM ROAD SHOW, 
Direction of Mr. Martin Beck 



LEW SULLY 

"Words & M'usic" 
ERNEST SCHARFF 

"In a Music Store" 



L. E. BEHYMER 
Manager 



AUDITORIUM 
Theatre Beautiful 

ALL NEXT WEEK, STARTING MONDAY NIGHT 

Bargain Matinee Wed. and Sat. Best Seats $1.00 

THE DRAMATIC SENSATION OF THE YEAR 

Wm. A. Brady (Ltd.) Presents California's Favorite Actress 

FLORENCE ROBERTS 

Supported by THURLOW BERGEN 
And a strong company in Edward Sheldon's Great American Play 

"C»b NIGGER" 

Magnificent Scenery and Remarkable Stage Effects. 
Prices— Night, 25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50. 

Matinees, 25c, 50c, 75c and $1.00. 
Seats now selling. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



IS 



t bur- 
Imagine the ponderous 
hobble or in pink lights and 
-gs, and you need nothing 
more in the fun line. 

m Burkh.-irt t the 

Show, taking Fletcher's place, 

the :,kc;ch "What Every Woman 

product of Mrs. Madge 

and Mi-s Louclla Con) 



ketch had its premier 

here, and on the strength oi tha 

icum book: then 

lyed much of the « 
time. 

Ernest Scharff, a versatile musician, 

th new number, and h 

fcring, "In a Music S lables 

him to present his proficiency on a 

varied number of instruments all of 

nt si'rls. 



nd Cherubini's 
( Ivcrtti 




There were two great attractions at 
the Auditorium last Tuesday evening, 
one program scheduled for the even- 
ing and the other crowd which came 
to hear it. As the automobiles tiled 
ihe entrance in seemingly end- 
less succession, only pausing an in- 
stant to discharge their gorgeously 
gowned passengers, the lobby and en- 
trances became Tilled with an ever- 
changing shimmering flashing crowd 
which made the scene one to be im- 
:d upon the memory. All the 
newest dress inspirations were to be 
seen among the brilliant assemblage 
drawn by the magnet of Tetrazzini's 
wonderful voice. Not only was the 
Auditorium crowded to its topmost 
tier, but the stage itself was appro- 




Josef Hofmann, Pianist, Simpson 
Auditorium Feb. 7th and 11th 

priated for the overflow of the audi- 
ence, and then when every available 
cranny had been filled with spectators 
the late comers still clamored for seats 
which could not be procured. 

The public mind had been prepared 
for an experience somewhat out of 
the ordinary, and every expectation 
was gloriously fulfilled. One may say 
without fear of contradiction that Tet- 
razzini is the greatest mistress of col- 
oratura singing in the world today 
and mayhap of all time. Standing 
easily before her audience she brings 
forth those glorious tones with an 
ease that is almost unbelievable. 

Her tones have preemminently the 
resonant heart-stirring quality which 
even at the softest note vibrates in 
the remotest part of the auditorium 
and pulses about the listener in waves 
of- exquisite sound. Every tone is 
purity itself and there is not a note 
that lacks in roundness and sweetness. 

Of the three famous arias which 
formed the diva's program, the last 
Was the most productive of enthusi- 
asm though all three were exactly 
suited to the singer and all examples 
of the best style of earlier Italian 
composition, to the interpretation of 



which Mme. Tetrazzini confines her- 
self. 

A demonstration of unexampled en- 
thusiasm brought forth a repetition of 
a portion of the "Lucia" aria and 
closed a concert which will be long 
remembered. 

Mr. Hastings is the possessor of a 
baritone voice of a decidiedly fine 
dramatic quality, his songs being well 
chosen and exceedingly well rendered. 
Air. Benoist played the Liszt "E. 
Major Polonaise" with a technical re- 
sourcefulness and tonal power worthy 
of all praise. Walter Oesterreicher 
[latest, completed the list of assisting 
artists. 



The huge crowd which filled the 
Auditorium to hear Tetrazzini did not 
seem to draw in the least from the 
Ellis Club enthusiasts who throng 
Simpson Auditorium at every appear- 
ance of this ambitious and successful 
organization. The place which this 
club holds in the regard of our music- 
loving people has been so often at- 
tested by packed houses that it was 
no surprise that even the inclement 
weather, which under ordinary cir- 
cumstances keeps Los Angeles people 
at home, did not affect the size of the 
audience. 

Taken as a whole, the program Tues- 
day evening was about the most con- 
sistently 'excellent work the Ellis Club 
has done during the last couple of 
years at least, this being the period 
during which the writer has heard 
their concerts. The assisting artists 
were Mrs. Constance Balfour, a so- 
prano, whose voice possesses a good 
deal of power but not much sympathy; 
Mrs. Ada Marsh Chick, organist; Mr. 
Arthur Alexander, tenor; Mr. William 
James Chick, baritone, and the Krauss 
String Quartet. 

Mr. Alexander, recently appointed 
organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 
who played his own accompaniments, 
has a tenor of most pleasing quality 
a'ld was enthusiastically received, be- 
ing obliged to give two encores. 

In the Chopin "Romanza" Mr. 
Opid's cello solo was effective, the 
encore being the "Traumerei" with 
muted strings. 

The choral program numbers were: 
"A Vintage Song," Mendelssohn; "In 
Vocal Combat," a combination of 
"Then You'll Remember Me" and 
"Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep,.' 
arranged by Dudley Buck; "Carpa- 
thian Folk Song," Stair; "Spring 
Night," Filke; "Toreador, Hola!" 
Trotere; "King Olaf's Christmas," 
Buck. M. R. T. 



Half of the Symphony Orchestra 
series for the present season is over 
and the second half, beginning Friday 
afternoon, February 10, in the Audi- 
torium, when the fourth concert will 
be presented with Mr. Arnold Krauss, 
concert-master and soloist. The pro- 
gram selected is an exceptionally good 
one for this mid-season presentation, 
including in addition to Mr. Krauss' 
solo, Beethoven's "Concerto in D 
Major," Mendelssohn's "First Sym- 
phony in C Minor," Shapleigh's Tone 



. will be a busy month mu- 
ll does with the 
FoseJ Hofmann recitals at Sin 
Auditorium the evening of February 
7 and the matinee on the llth. 



Club concert, given by 
the united schools with Ellen Beach 
Yaw as soloist at the Auditorium, 
Monday, February 13, is already at- 
tracting considerable attention. 

Edna Darch, the Los Angeles girl, 
whosi abroad particularly in 

Berlin, m ed a place prominent 

in the musical circles of Europe for 
her, will be heard in recital at the 
Auditorium on the evening of Feb- 
ruary 16. 



The Orpheus Club will give it's 
next concert in the Auditorium Fri- 
day evening, February 17. 



Miss Lillian Adams, the pianist and 
teacher announces a recital to be giv- 
en in Gamut Club auditorium, in con- 
junction with Mary Le Grand Reed, 
soprano. 



The second Harry Lott recital will 
'.ake place Thursday evening, Febru- 
ary 23, at Cumnock Hall, a Rudyard 
Kipling program to be given. 



Alessandro Bonci, the well known 
tenor of the Metropolitan, will lie 
heard in recital at Simpson Auditor- 
im Tuesday evening, February 28. 



Josef Hofmann, pianist, comes to 
Simpson Auditorium the evening of 
February 7 and the matinee of the 
llth. 

Two years ago Hofmann came to 
Los Angeles and made the best im- 
pression he had ever made in this 
city. This was his fourth visit, but he 
showed the resources of the Hofmann 
genius. Hofmann is a pianist who 
thinks himself of less importance than 
the men who wrote the music he in- 
terprets. Hence his mental and emo- 
tional attitude towards the master 
works is one of normal and healthy 
intellectuality. The beauty of his 
work is that he is enabled to intel- 
lectualize Beethoven, sentimentalize 
Chopin and give in a virile and heroic 
form the Russian composers works 
with which he is so familiar. 

His opening program, which fol- 
lows, is strictly a Hofmann arrange- 
ment 

I 
(a) Sonata E Minor op. 90; (b) Ron-, 
do a Capriecio, op. 129; (c) So- 
nata A flat major, op. 26; (d) 
March from "Ruines d'Athenes" 
(Transcription Rubenstein) . . 

(Beethoven) 

II 

(a) Ballade F Major: (b) Nocturne E 

flat major; (c) Valse A flat 

Major; (d) Andante Spianato et 

Grande Polonaise ....(Chopin) 



III 

que, . . . i I i 
Prelude G Minor. (Rachmani 

i i i Paraphrase 

guine (Tchaikowsky i 

The tremendous sale for the Tetraz- 
zini concerts tl this week 

and the fact that every seat fur Fri- 
day night, including four hundred on 
the stage and in the orchestra pit. 
were already sold at ten o'clock 
Thursday 1110111111-, resulted in activi- 
.1 liich brought about the possi- 
bility of a third concert on Saturday 
night of this week at the Auditorium. 
Manager Leahy had already arranged 
a recital on Monday evening at Salt 
Lake, and the Tetrazzini car had 
been ordered for the Saturday morn- 
ing's "Limited." 

Manager Behymer, knowing well 
the disappointment of the many thou- 
sands turned away, concluded to take 
a long chance and with Manager 
Leahy's consent, wired the Salt Lake 
local manager a financial offer which 
could not be refused. With Salt 
Lake eliminated an open night at the 
Auditorium in waiting, the next step 
was the consent of the diva herself 
to do something which she has never 
consented to do before — sing two 
nights in succession. She at first de- 
murred, but after learning there 
would be no Monday night concert 
and a complete rest between here 
and Denver, and realizing full well 
that never before had she entered the 
gates of a strange city and been re- 
ceived in such a gracious manner as 
in Los Angeles, she consented to this 
farewell in Los Angeles. Tonight 
then, Mme. Tetrazzini will be heard 
for the last time in an entire change 
of program. 



The German boy who presided 
over the soda fountain in the only 
drug store in an Ohio town was ac- 
customed to patrons who did not 
know their own minds, and his habit 
of thought was difficult to change. 

"Plain soda," said a stout woman, 
entering one day, in great haste. 

"You haf vanilla, or you haf lem- 
on?" calmly inquired the Teutonic 
lad. 

"Plain soda — without syrup! Didn't 
you understand me?" demanded the 
stout woman, testily. 

"Yas, I understand," came from the 
boy, whose placid German counte- 
nance did not change in expression, 
"but vot kind of syrup you vant him 
mitout? Mitout vanilla or mitout 
lemon?" — Harper's Magazine. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, 
Science. Studios and Halls for all 
purposes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information aDplv to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway, 232 S. Hill SI. Los Angeles, Cal. 



AUDITORIUM 



The Home of 
Good Music 

A GALA FAREWELL 



E. Behymer 
Manager 



Tetrazzini 

To sing again for us 
SATURDAY NIGHT, JANUARY 28 

ENTIRE CHANGE OF PROGRAM 

Seats on sale at the Auditoriumbox office and Bartlett Music Co. 
PRICES: $1.00, $1.50, $2.00, $2.50 AND $3.00. 

The $1.00 seats on sale Saturday morning. 
Coming— JOSEF HOFMANN— Feb. 7 and 11. 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE — 38x56 on ground, six large rooms on ground floor, also bath, 
screen porch, and cement porch 8x38; two large bedrooms, bath room, 
and sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. 
Built last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE— $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



IRECTORY 



= £) Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. (J~ 



APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

ARISTO ENGRAVING CO., 
Citizens National Bank Bldg., 
and Main Sts. 



3rd 



DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
- Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 
HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 43 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones: Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



PIANOS AND ORGANS 
GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

PURITAS DISTILLED WATER 

LOS ANGELES ICE & COLD 
STORAGE CO. Phones Home 
10053; Sunset Main 8191. 

REAL ESTATE 
MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Clasl Investments. 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AND MOVING 

BEKINS. 1335 S. Figueroi 

22562 Broadway 3773 



Pacific Outlook 
La Follette' s Weekly 



$1.60 



Per 
Year 




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PACIFIC OUTIJDOK 



Vol. X. JVo. 6 



Los Angeles, California, February 4, 1911 



Zents—$I.OO a Year 



Where Is Mrs. Taft? 
IT HAS BEEN GIVEN OUT from Washington that President 
Taft is 900n to lose the services of his able and astute private 
Secretary, Mr. Norton, and that he is looking for another man- 
e ever at his elbow reminding him that this is his busy 
day. that he has no time for cracking jokes with callers while 
off the golf links, that he must be very careful what he says and 
to whom he says it. and that thi time fixed for the next dele- 
gation to be received is only three-quarters of a minute off. 
Where is Mrs. Taft? What is a wife for if not to keep her illus- 
husband headed off and rounded up? 

Shake 'Em Out 
CHAKING-U'P THE POLICE of San Francisco is almost a 
daily occurrence since the advent of Chief Seymour, but that 
is not half what the occasion calls for. The police force was 
debauched with the rest of the official life of San Francisco un- 
der the regime of Schmitz and Ruef, was only half redeemed 
under Taylor and wholly given over to the "Paris of America" 
idea which the McCarthy dynasty ushered in. That force now 
needs to be shaken out until- not a grafter remains in uniform. 
Will the McCarthy board of police commissioners stand for it? 
1 f they be less than equal to the emergency they be more than 
is expected of them. 

Missionaries to New England 

"TIME WAS WHEN the sons and daughters of New England 
felt the call to go north, south and west in the interests of 
human liberty and a higher civilization, but now their mis- 
sionaries are coming home, if not to roost at least to boost for 
a more just and progressive nationalism. New Hampshire has 
seen the light, Massachusetts has been not a little concerned 
and Maine went wrong trying to get right, but Vermont is dead 
in ''organization" sin, Rhode Island is content to wear the collar 
of vassalage to Aldrichism, while Connecticut is thrall to "the 
interests" just the same under Democratic as Republican domi- 
nation. Is it any wonder that the spirit prompted Senator Bris- 
tow of Kansas to go "back east" to reason with the indifferent 
and the obdurate? Next thing we know Missouri will be trying 
to "show" Massachusetts the way to political and economic sal- 
vation. 

An Incident to Efficiency 
HTHE GOSPEL OF SCIENTIFIC administration in the in- 
terests of the economic efficiency of the individual lias 
reached the ears, and made a convert of, our respected Uncle 
Sam. He has figured out a $1,000,000 a year waste in allowing 
his letter carriers to whistle while we come to them to get our 
mail. Hereafter there must be mail boxes at all doors in order 
that the energy lost in whistling may be utilized to propel the 
letter carrier along another street or two added to his beat. Why 
should not Uncle Sam, as well as another, get out of a man all 
there is in him before giving him the G. B.? 

Bourne's Salvation Army 
IT WAS CHAUNCEY DEPEW who poked fun at the Repub- 
*■ lican Progressive League, lately formed on a national scale, 
by calling it Bourne's Salvation Army. The standpat press is 
vociferous in the claim that it is merely a movement to divide 
the Republican party. Not so. The Lincoln-Roosevelt Repub- 
lican League of California did not divide the Republican party 
in California. It cut the rotten parts out, drew the wound to- 
gether and so stitched the hide that the party was better able 
to hold together than it had been since the days of Lincoln. So 
will it be" with the National Progressive Republican League. 
By getting busy and working hard right out in the sunlight, 
hiding no iniquity and extenuating no fault, it can make the 
Republican party fit to survive and so well merit the fame of 
being the army of its salvation. The California idea is becoming 
national none too soon. Nineteen-twelve is only a year away. 



Cutting Salaries 

IK \\ E MAN' BELIEVE what we hear salaries are ruthlessly 

In be cut where the chopping was least expected to he applied. 
The United States Steel corporation began it by cutting the 
salary of its president in half. It is given out that the Equitable 
Life will pay Paul Morton's successor only five-eighths of what 
he received. In short the top-notch salary for the biggest toads 
in the financial puddle hereafter is to be only a paltry $50,000 a 
year. None will know the pinch of poverty like those whose 
scale of living requires an expenditure of $75,000 a year while 
their salaries have slumped a third. 

The Man For the Place 

MO BETTER COMMITTEE appointment was made in either 
*^ branch of the Legislature of California than that of W. F. 
Chandler of Fresno to head the assembly committee on roads 
and highways. Chandler is 'a man of affairs, he is honest, he is 
earnest, he has common sense and he never shirks a duty. If 
that whole $18,000,000 bond issue were entrusted to his care, 
layman though he is, the state would derive as much solid good 
as it has any right to hope for from a scheme which was con^ 
ceived in iniquity and brought forth in folly. If he is not a 
scientific road builder he can find someone who is and not a 
dollar entrusted to Chandler will feather the nest of any political 
bird of passage. Given common sense and integrity, a firm grasp 
and a will of one's own (and Mr. Chandler has all of these) 
technical expertness can be hired and the road building problem 
worked out. Is there not some way of making Assemblyman 
W. F. Chandler head of the good roads bureau? The state needs 
him and, perhaps, two more like him, if they can be found. 

Old Ben Rush 

DOLITIC BUT HONEST, loving all women because they re- 
* mind him of his own wife, Senator Ben Rush is trying to 
legalize an eight-hour day for women who work. His effort does 
honor to the heart of hkn but as for his head, well, would it 
not be just as well for a starter to fix the hours at ten, as in 
Oregon and Illinois, leaving something to be done after the 
woman-drivers have had a chance to catch their breaths? The 
eight-hour day is the ideal for a millenial industrialism for all 
mankind. The ten hour maximum day for women who work is 
for the safeguarding of generations unborn. Let us see to that 
first. The. ideal working day can wait. 

Say What We May 

CAY WHAT WE MAY about freedom of contract, and defend 
^ it as an abstract proposition diligently as we can, the fact 
remains that there is no freedom of contract except between 
those equally free to contract. That condition does not obtain 
between Dives and Lazarus so long as the barns of the former 
are bursting with store and the cupboard of the latter is in the 
condition of that of Old Mother Hubbard. Under such condi- 
tions freedom of contract can be safely exercised only after the 
intervention of a properly constituted umpire speaking with the 
authority of The People. 

What of the Old Stock? 

NEXT TO THEODORE ROOSEVELT, who is a Dutchman 
the best living representative of the New England con- 
science in public affairs is Louis D. Brandeis and Brandeis is a 
Tew. Where are the sons of the abolitionists of old who fought, 
bled and suffered contumely in championing the right of man? 
iHave they sold themselves altogether to "the interests" that 
Lodge and Hale, Aldrich and Gallinger, yes and Ballinger, too. 
are accepted as representative of the New England sentiment of 
our day? Is it true that, with the going of big families, there 
went also the big, broad-minded, humanity loving men? 



NOMINEES FOR 1912 



Whether it is due to the narrowing influ r . 
ence of tariff legislation, or to the control of 
our politics by corporations, or to some un- 
known cause, we are not prepared to say, 
but it is a fact that of late years, say in the 
last two or three decades, we have devel- 
oped a variety of politician that is peculiar- 
ly obtuse and stupid, and that is farther 
away from an understanding of the people 
than any of his tribe heretofore produced. 
Where have they come from, these phenom- 
enal boneheads that have had charge of the 
destinies of both the old parties during the 
past few years? They are of the ancient 
Bourbon type that never learns and never 
forgets. 

We have just been through an election 
which to the observer of fair intelligence 
seemed brimming over with lessons all to . 
the same general effect. There was nothing 
obscure or equivocal about the voice of the 
people as it resounded through the ballot 
box last November. While there might be 
difference of opinion as to its local signifi- 
cance here and there, the same general mes- 
sage came through everywhere. It said : 
"We are awake, and we are in earnest. We 
care very little for party. We want results 
and if you can't give them to us we will 
find those that can. We want no more laws 
giving prosperity to the few an'd a high cost 
of living to the many. We want no more 
legislation in favor of special interests. We 
want representatives that really represent 
us; and you are not going to fool us any 
more with these silly partisan labels, and 
this fake partisan fighting. We> want the 
goods. Produce them. And hereafter we 
propose to keep a close eye on the business 
and take a hand occasionally." 

For a moment the old hands at the game 
sat up and took notice. To some the mes- 
sage took the form of a discharge, and to all 
it seemed a clear enough warning. But 
when they assembled at Washington, the 
habits of a lifetime reasserted themselves. 
Politics was a line of business they knew 
and understood — their kind of politics, that 
i-s. The ideas of the people seemed wild and 
strange to them. Indeed, men of this sort 
have difficulty in comprehending that the 
people have any real ideas. When they 
speak of the people, it is with patronizing 
accents, as one speaks of little children, that 
are creatures of impulse, dominated by ig- 
norance and prejudice. They seem to have 
decided that the whole episode was a dream 
or a mistake, and they are back at the old 
game, playing away with much of the for- 
mer zest. 

From all along the political line comes the 
announcement that Taft is sure to be the 
nominee of the Republicans and Harmon or 
possibly Champ Clark the, nominee of the 
Democrats. This is not the mere personal 
support of a few followers; it is a concerted 
party movement on both sides. In the case 
of Taft, there is a union of the reactionary 
special interest element of the Republican 
party with the great mass of the old-fash- 
ioned partisans who want no more fighting 
within the organization. Pretty much every- 
thing that the insurgents have asked is to be 
granted them, and the President will develop 
more and more of the progressive spirit as 
nomination time draws nearer. On the 
Democratic side the need for harmony to 
insure success is played up, and the two ele- 
ments of conservatism and partisanship are 
welded together for a common purpose— 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK. 

Published Every Saturday 

311 East Fourth St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 

C. D. WILLARD )„ ... T , J . 
A. J. PILLSBURYi Contnbutm S Editors 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered as second-class matter April 6, 1907, at 
the postofflce at Los Angeles, California, under the 
act of Congress of March 3. 1879. 

first to get into power, and second to hold 
the line firm against real progress. 

Where do the people come in in all this 
program? Nowhere. The politician does 
not know the people. He knows just two 
kinds of beings : the partisans with whom he 
comes in contact in political work, and the 
''business men" who come to him for an 
exchange of favors. 

As yet there is no sound of protest 
against this plan. But wait. 
* * * 
IF THERE WERE AN EQUAL 
DIVISION 



that goes upon a tax roll ! It may be doubt- 
ed if any other country on the globe pos- 
sesses so large a percentage of individuals 
and families that do have and do hold their 
per capita share of the wealth of the nation 
in which they live, and yet how far, how 
desperately far, are we in free America, 
from an equal, or even an equitable, distri- 
bution of the common wealth 1 

It is often said that the problem of the 
coming century is not to be that of the 
creation of wealth, that we have that prob- 
lem solved, but that it is to be the equit- 
able distribution of the wealth created. It 
may well be that the problem of equitable 
distribution should come first, but that is 
no rich country in which the equal share 
of a family -of five in the aggregate wealth 
of all the nation does not exceed the equiv- 
alent of a comfortable cottage home with 
lawn and roses in front and a little truck 
patch and poultry pen at the back. Hu- 
manity needs to be richer than that if life 
is to be liberal, broad and aboundinsiv jov- 
ous. The world is still poor. 

The problem of the efficient creation of 
wealth has not been wholly solved and the 
problem of the equitable distribution of 
wealth (we want no other) has scarcely 
been touched. There is work enough ahead 
for us all in making this world what the 
good of the race needs to have it become. 
Get a hold somewhere that you may help, 
if in no other way than by seeing to it that 
you have a family of five and that that 
family has its full share of the * common 
wealth of our common country. 
* + * 

ROOSEVELT AND DEMOCRACY 



The corporation tax law seems to show 
that the average net profit of all the cor- 
porate business done in the United States 
is about 6 per cent per annum. If this be 
true of corporate industry it is probably not 
far from true of industry taken as a whole, 
all gains being set off by all losses and al- 
lowance made for the up-keep of productive 
agencies. 

After allowing for all other deductions 
we must take from the net income at least 
one-fifth or one-sixth to cover the demands 
of an increased population and an increas- 
ing standard of living for the people as a 
whole. This will allow us substantially 5 
per cent, as the net income annually to be 
derived from the productive wealth of the 
country as a whole available for distribu- 
tion to those who own productive wealth 
and in proportion to what they own. This 
is, of course, in addition to what is in- 
dividually earned by service. 

The estimate made by the national cen- 
sus bureau in 1904, the latest made, placed 
the per capita wealth of our nation at 
$130(3, including everything that we call 
property that gets onto a tax roll rated at 
what it is reasonably worth. Five per cent, 
on this per capita average is $65 per annum 
income outside of earnings for each man, 
woman and child in the country, or $325 per 
annum for each family of five persons, 
about enough to pay the rent for a com- 
fortable six-room cottage. Whatever fam- 
ily of five persons collectively owrs a home 
of the gross value of $6,500 which, insur- 
ance, taxes and repairs deducted, yields a 
net income of $325 per year, has its full 
share of the aggregated wealth of the 
"richest nation on earth." 

In order that some few may have mil- 
lions by the hundred how many other mil- 
lions must there be who possess nothing 



The most significant issue before the 
American people today is democracy. Not 
the Democratic party — that is something of 
merely transient importance. The vital ques- 
tion is whether the people are to rule their 
own affairs or trust to luck with a lot of 
semi-representatives, and with special busi- 
ness interests looming large in the back- 
ground. 

Just as this is the most significant issue 
before the American people, so is Theodore 
Roosevelt the most significant personality, 
in that he holds public attention and public 
confidence as no other living man does. 

Thus when Theodore Roosevelt speaks on 
the subject of direct legislation and the re- 
call, as he does in a recent number of the 
New York Outlook, citizens that think and 
care — in other words real citizens — will be 
likely to take note of his utterance. 

Now, we are for Theodore Roosevelt. We 
have absolute confidence in his honesty and 
good intentions, and a very large degree of 
confidence in his judgment. We feel, more- 
over, that he is thoroughly alive and is 
growing and will continue to grow. But we 
have never contended that he was without 
faults — which is an attitude that some of 
his band-wagon friends have taken at the 
moments of his greatest popularity, and 
have sought to decoy the public into fol- 
lowing them. We have always understood, 
and we are certain that the American pub- 
lic as a whole understands, that this man, 
like all really human, big men, has numer- 
ous short-comings and idiosyncrasies, that 
he occasionally goes wrong, violates good 
taste, loses his temper, and frequently puts 
himself into positions that give his enemies 
a chance to jeer and flout. It is, indeed, one 
of the most complete proofs of the man's 
lasting greatness that he is able to live down 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



irate all his m ind that the 

ic care for him so deeply in spite of 
them. 

W'c speak of this side of our hero — for 
that is what we frankly call him— because 
he initiative, referendum 
and recall is absurdly inadequate and disap- 
ting, and discloses a point of view that 
is not at all in harmony with real demo- 
cratic sentiment. We are neither surprised 
nor disturbed at this. It was to be expect- 
ed, for it is exactly in line with the Roose- 
velt-that-is. We miss in our estimate of the 
situation, however, if this view finds holding 
ground in the Roosevelt-that-is-to-be. 

No doubt, if the Colonel were called upon 
to describe his Outlook article, he would 
speak of it as "open to the charge of radical- 
ism." One can see sticking up all through 
it a desire and an effort to make the largest 
possible concessions to democracy. 

Democracy, however, is not asking for 
concessions. When its true friends discourse 
on the topic, they are not hunting for 
'weasel words" and for phrases by which 
things may be half-said. One is either 
frankly and squarely for the rule of the peo- 
ple, or he is not — and that is about all there 
is to that story. 

The fact is Theodore Roosevelt is not a 
. democrat by nature, inheritance, nor — as yet 
— by training. By nature, he is an autocrat, 
as are most men of force and action, men 
endowed with a sense of order and with con- 
fidence in themselves. By inheritance and 
environment, he is an aristocrat, born to 
wealth in a family that has long enjoyed 
power and social standing as a matter of 
course. Everything in his official career 
conspired to bring out the autocratic ten- 
dency rather than to teach him democracy. 
Judge Works says truly that no president — 
save possibly Andrew Jackson — went fur- 
ther in violation of precedent and of consti- 
tutional restrictions to achieve his ends than 
did Roosevelt ; and yet, in the confused state 
of things, when he trampled on precedents 
and restrictions that were in their turn 
stifling democracy, he never lacked popular 
approval. 

Roosevelt loves the people and as a prac- 
tical issue thoroughly believes in them. 
Thus he has taken two steps toward dem- 
ocracy, and he is faced in the right direction. 
Moreover, he keeps moving, for it is not 
characteristic of this man to stand still. But 
when he takes up his pen to discuss the in- 
itiative and referendum, the man of practical 
affairs and of the big heart disappears, and 
there steps in a scholar and a theorizer. The 
result is the stereotyped fear of the "mob," 
the need for "utmost caution," the dread of 
percentages that may be small and of vot- 
ings that may be too frequent, of mistakes 
and injustices into which the voters may be 
led, and all the barnacled mass of imaginary 
objection that timid and near-sighted con- 
servatism thinks it sees adhering to the rule 
of the people. 

Many of those who now believe most ab- 
solutely in democracy have passed through 
these fears and questions and have come out 
so far beyond them that they seem now like 
some form of ancient and unaccountable su- 
perstition. What has the mob — a thing of 
a few individuals suddenly gathered for a 
specific purpose — to do with the people, ad- 
vancing deliberately, in accordance with 
law, to register its duly considered purposes, 
and accepting in advance the will of the ma- 
jority? Mistakes? Injustices? To be sure. 
When were human affairs fre.e from them? 



But let the contrast be not between direct 
ation and some ideality, some Plato's 
Republic or More's Utopia, but between 
r Switzerland at their wildest and 
worst and the average American state legis- 
lature or city council at its best. We have 
a Supreme Court and an Appelate Court in 
this State kept busy most of their time in 
correcting and killing the bad work of the 
lature— bad, that is to say, from a pure- 
ly legal point of view. Through the acts of 
this same body a powerful, conscienceless 
concern, named the Southern Pacific, was 
allowed and assisted to take over and own 
and control our political institutions, our 
courts and our commerce. For a score of 
years a million people were bound, hand and 
foot, gagged, robbed and insulted, and our 
so-called representatives never lifted a finger 
to save us. It was not until a faint ray of 
democracy broke into the darkness, in the 
form of a direct primary, that life stirred 
upon the waters and hope was born. 

Yes, the people make mistakes, and dem- 
ocracy makes no claim to perfection in gov- 
ernment, but the people learn wisdom from 
their errors, and that wisdom goes down to 
the eternal foundations and lasts forever. 
The wisdom and experience of some benev- 
olent despot may be serviceable for the mo- 
ment, but they pass with his death. What 
if there should be many elections and con- 
fusing questions and expense and occasion- 
al hasty, ill-considered action, — put it all to- 
gether, all that has been thus far (which is 
a trifle) and all that might be imagined in 
the next half century, while democracy is 
fighting its way into power, put in all the 
mistakes, risks, confusion, injustice, every 
bit of it, yes, and then multiply it ten times 
over, and you have nothing, nothing, to 
what despotism and government by special 
interest has done to the world in war and 
cruelty and slavery and poverty through the 
long, long story of the people's wrongs. 

A MUNICIPAL RAILWAY 



It is a most engaging picture that T. E. 
Gibbon, Esq., and his associates of the 
Harbor Board, Messrs. Newmark and Jess, 
have unrolled before the people of Los An- 
geles : a well built and well equipped, 
double-track, electric railway for swift 
freight and passenger service between the 
business center and the water front, owned, 
controlled and operated by the city, but 
standing open and ready for the use of all 
new railway systems that may desire to en- 
ter Los Angeles. It is known that there are 
three roads that are working in this direc- 
tion, and the offer of terminal facilities, all 
ready to hand, might prove a determining 
factor with them. Another transcontinental 
road would be better than a gift of fifty mil- 
lion dollars to this city, and would add one 
or two hundred thousand to the population. 
That is a pleasant phase of the matter to 
contemplate, but not the most pleasant. If 
the project is consummated, as we are cer- 
tain it will be, the real deep-down gratifica- 
tion will come in the fact that it is an opera- 
tion by the city as a whole, and for the ben- 
efit and gain of the city as a whole, not for 
the enrichment of a few individuals. 

When we consider this enterprise from 
that point of view the curtain of the future 
rises for us one brief moment, and we see 
the city as it will sometime be — a city that 
is for all the people. It is an inspiring sight 
that thrills the mind with hope and optim- 
ism and love for one's fellow man. One by 



one the great public enterprises will be taken 
over by the city and managed for the g 
al good. Presently the city will find itself 
able to undertake great housing work, and 
the slum will disappear. Monev will i 
tainable for municipal art development and 
the beautification of the citv. The enor- 
mous increment in land values due to the in- 
crease of population will in time be made to 
flow into public coffers for the benefit of all 
instead of being garnered for the enrichment 
of the few. The construction of this railway 
line, if it is carried through, will mark the 
transition from the Los Angeles of the past 
into the Los Angeles of the future. That 
we should own and operate our water sys- 
tem is nothing; almost every American city 
does that. That we should have our own 
electric plant is not remarkable; many other 
cities have the same. But that we should 
have a great volume of power at our dis- 
posal and with that power undertake great 
enterprises — that marks the new epoch and 
puts us in a unique place among the cities 
of this country. 

+ * * 

A NATIONAL FIGURE 



At last we have in the governorship of 
California a man that fits the State. Like 
California he is big and broad, free, inde- 
pendent, courageous and progressive. He is 
one that dares and one that does. He does 
not meet the people with his mouth full of 
excuses, evasions and -regrets. When he 
talks it is with straight-out frankness and 
arguments for the public good. He does not 
work with the legislature through Southern 
Pacific paid lobbyists, nor with the gumshoe 
tactics that mystify the public. Being one- 
third of the legislative body in his veto 
power, and being the most prominent ele- 
ment in the State administration as a whole, 
he does not hesitate to make his views 
known on the laws that are most important. 
Call this "bossing" if you like; it is honest 
bossing, out in the open, before the face of 
the people. 

It is interesting to watch a great man at 
the beginning of his career— if you have the 
discernment to recognize him. Hiram W. 
Johnson has been before us as a man of pub- 
lic affairs less than a year and has been in 
executive office only a month. But he has 
already achieved a place in the hearts of the 
people that the average politician will fight 
for all his life and never gain. They know 
now that he is in earnest, that he "means 
business," that he is "the real thing" or by 
whatever phrase sincerity is to be described. 
That he is thoroughly competent for the 
work ahead of him there is every evidence 
in the way he has taken hold. Watch this 
man, and see him grow to be a great nation- 
al figure. . 

+ * * 

PRESS COMMENT 



To judge by customs scandals we have 
been almost a free-trade nation without 
knowing it. — Wall Street Journal. 



"Is the House too large?" is often asked. 
We could get along with a smaller House 
if the Representatives were larger. — Colum- 
bia State. 



More Mexican rebels apparently are 
killed and captured by the Government's 
telegraph service than by its military ser- 
vice. — New York World. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



POLITICAL TABLE TALK 



By THE WATCHMAN 



Administration Unquestionably Gov- 
Legislation ernor Johnson could 
not father all the 
beneficial legislation that is to be 
looked for from the thirty-ninth ses- 
sion, but it had been better had he 
extended the scope of what are known 
as administration measures to cover 
the reformation of our criminal pro- 
cedure. He is an expert on the sub- 
ject and the State and the Legisla- 
ture have a right to look to him for 
guidance in doing the right thing, and 
not merely for the exercise of a veto 
power to prevent the Legislature do- 
ing the wrong thing. He has prose- 
cuted and he has defended and he 
knows what should be done to enable 
our laws to be enforced against crim- 
inals of all classes. The situation 
calls for and justifies affirmative ex- 
ecutive influence on behalf of the ad- 
ministration of justice in this State. 
The Watchman therefore hopes that 
the Governor will, upon second 
thought, so broaden the scope of his 
legislative program as to make it in- 
clude the reformation of criminal pro- 
cedure. The People will be disap- 
pointed if he does not. 



Why Did They By declining to be 
Sit So Tight? heard in relation to 
railroad legislation 
the railroad representatives have set 
the whole State to guessing. It can- 
not be because they have no concern 
in what is doing for their concern is 
vital and direct. Nor can it be be- 
cause they have predetermined that 
justice is not to be had from this 
Legislature, for it is not an assem- 
blage of wild-eyed enthusiasts, but of 
men who want to know what should 
be done in fairness to all interests. 
Are the railroads, then, content to 
rely on that spirit of fairness and so 
rest their interests in the hands of 
the Legislature without alarm? But 
even the fairest of legislators may be 
in need of information. Do they look 
upon such legislation as characterized 
the Webb bill of 1909 as inevitable 
and that opposition thereto would be 
..useless? Why not take hold, then, 
and help put the legislation into the 
best possible shape in a spirit of good 
will and willingness? Are the rail- 
road men sitting sullen as may a con- 
tumacious defendant who refuses to 
plead either guilty or not guilty to 
the charge preferred? That would be 
doing the baby act and our railroad 
managers are not whimpering boob- 
ies. They have set us all to guessing. 
The guess of some is that they have 
something up their sleeve; that of 
The Watchman is that, as in those 
earlier years when the commission 
style of public control was first in- 
augurated, the law men of the rail- 
roads are sitting back serene in the 
expectation that, whereas The People 
may have the Legislature, the rail- 
roads have the courts. It was this 
that made the railroad old guard in- 
different to the railroad commission 
save as affording political patronage 
to be passed out to the faithful. The 
Watchman prides himself on being 
able to guess nearer than some folks 
can figure. 



Growth of Local Option That un- 
Proof of a Moral Sense bridled li- 
cense which 
the liquor interests have enjoyed in 
the older portions of California has 
been accepted by the rest of the coun- 
try as conclusive of an all pervading 
moral idiocy on the part of our peo- 



ple. Californians have been regarded 
as good fellows, generous to a fault, 
more joyous than is justifiable in this 
vale of tears, hospitable and sympa- 
thetic, as unrestrained by social con- 
ventions as undaunted by disaster, but 
so devoid of a moral sense as to make 
huge demands upon divine grace if 
any of them are to be saved. What- 
ever the fate of the local option meas- 
ure now pending in the Legislature 
the fact that it is there and that, be- 
ing there, it is being seriously consid- 
ered instead of being cast out neck 
and heels, proves that California has 
a moral sense and that it is awaken- 
ing. We shall not, and perhaps 
ought not, be rid of liquor. The door 
of opportunity for the unfit to destroy 
themselves is not to be closed. There 
are some sixty-odd other poisons that 
will serve if alcoholics be denied, and 
there are reasons for suspecting that 
the appalling statistics concocted by 
prohibition zealots are mainly of the 
stuff that dreams are made of. And 
yet we all of us do know that the 
liquor evil is bad enough at best and 
will continue so to be crib it, cabin 
it, confine it as we may. The low 
estate of public sentiment in San 
Francisco as to graft is dependent 
upon no one thing more than upon 
saloon sentiment. That tyranny of 
organized labor of which many com- 
plain has the San Francisco saloon 
as certainly as the labor council for 
its breeding preserve, for it is three 
parts political to one part industrial 
and the only civic center San Fran- 
cisco has is the saloon. That is 
where San Francisco politics is 
"done." The plight of Oakland is lit- 
tle better. The saloon dominates Ala- 
meda county. Sacramento has 
scarcely enough light on the subject 
to enable it to perceive the darkness 
in which it lives. Stockton is some 
better but San Jose is worse. How- 
ever, the light is breaking up through 
the San Joaquin valley and the local 
option issue has been definitely joined. 
The moral sense of the interior is 
awakening and its influence will make 
itself felt in San Francisco, Oakland, 
Sacramento and San Jose. The time 
is at hand when it will be as respect- 
able to be sober as it is coming to 
be to be decent. The soul of Cali- 
fornia is not dead. 



Pity the Sorrows- It is hard enough 
of the Democrats for a Republican 
legislator to line 
up on the side of local option, but for 
a Democrat to do it, — well paralysis 
gets him in the legs and he_ simply 
cannot stand up. Progressive Re- 
publicans know that the saloon is 
against what they stand for, and they 
accept the fact as one of the fixed 
conditions of warefare. It goes with 
the job they have tackled. Now, the 
Democrats want that vote, but they 
also want to be just as decent as ever 
they can be and still get that vote. 
For instance, it is known that, two 
years ago, Senator Sanford was per- 
sonally in favor of local option, as he is 
personally in favor of every other good 
thing, but he did not dare line up for 
it out of consideration for the effect 
on the candidacy of Theodore Bell. 
He is now trying to defeat local op- 
tion by substituting for it the best 
regulative measure he can think of 
that the liquor interests will stand 
for lest a worse thing (local option) 
come upon them. The position of our 
Democratic legislators is a trying one 
and yet, if they did but know it, to 
wobble is to lose their hold on both 
the decent and indecent elements in 
our social life. 



The Saloon the Bane of Mr. L i n - 
Democratic Government coin Stef- 
fins has 
pointed out, what we all of us ought 
to have had a realizing sense of long 
ago, that, in theory and form, our 
great corporations are all democratic. 
We hear much of the democratization 
of industry. Well, it has long since 
been democratized, anyhow as to 
form and theory. What are the stock- 
holders in a corporation but the vot- 
ers in a democratic government. But 
Hill and Harriman, Morgan and 
Rockfeller, easily found that by get- 
ting together a solid bunch of stock- 
holders who would vote as one man, 
shares equal to 25 per cent of the 
whole issue outstanding could control 
any corporation they wanted. The 
Morganization of banking, of indus- 
try and of the railroading of this 
country has been effected through a 
concentration of less than one-fourth 
of the outstanding shares of the cor- 
porations Morganized. It is the old 
story. The shareholders who might 
govern do not and through their neg- 
lect Morgan and his associates are 
able to use billions of resources not 
their own as though they were their 
own, precisely what is accomplished 
in politics through the "push" vote. 
Now the push vote is the saloon vote 
which the little bosses control in the 
interests of the big bosses. Local 
option strikes at the saloon vote and 
affords our best hope for the democ- 
ratization of politics. There is more 
involved in the pending local option 
contest at Sacramento than many sup- 
pose and whoever can lend a hand to 
the cause of local option, by stiffen- 
ing the spine of some wobbly legis- 
lator, should apply the starch while 
it is needed and put it where it will 
do the most good. 



Not Prohibition The opponents of 
But Protection local option protest 
that the proponents 
of that measure are not honest in 
their advocacy of it, but are Prohibi- 
tionists in disguise. Perhaps some 
are, but the many are not. The 
Watchman is not a Prohibitionist. He 
does not believe that fifty-one persons 
have a right to determine what forty- 
nine shall eat or drink or wear. He be- 
lieves that the right to use malt and 
spirituous liquors in moderation is 
unalienable and that such right to 
use implies the right somehow, some- 
where, to buy that one may use, but 
that use, being fraught with unde- 
niable risks to society, the right to 
buy for use becomes a proper subject 
for public regulation to the end that 
the risk may be reduced to a mini- 
mum. The public safety requires the 
shutting up of all road houses and 
cross-roads gin mills and the center- 
ing of the liquor traffic into the chief 
trading centers where it may be 
watched and regulated as to hours, as 
to how and where sales may be made, 
yet leaving it so that the hundredth 
man, even if there be no other, may 
somewhere, somehow provide himself 
with such liquors as he wants, always 
holding himself responsible to com- 
munity and state for how he uses his 
right. In the judgment of The Watch- 
man this is sound doctrine and that 
if it shall become a recognized public 
policy in California it will not de- 
velop into prohibition, but will event- 
ually destroy the saloon as we know 
it and, in its place, will establish the 
family liquor store, whose sales will 
not be consumed on the premises, and 
the only other place where liquors 
will be sold will be with meals at 
bona fide hotels and restaurants. 



This, The Watchman conceives to be 
the ultimate outcome of local option, 
a condition a thousand times prefer- 
able to that we now have. Again, 
therefore, there is more involved in 
the pending local option measure at 
Sacramento than many suppose. The 
reader should give the cause a boost 
if he can. 



Let Us Rejoice Senator Eddie 
And Be Joyous Wolfe, one of the 
last of the Herrin 
Mohicans, has expressed the desire to 
see The People get their fill of reform 
legislation. The People feel just that 
way about it, Eddie. They have wait- 
ed long for the opportunity and are 
likely to feast their fill now that they 
have a chance. And what splendid 
work that Legislature is doing! How 
promptly it attended to the cases of 
the race-track gamblers! And what a 
different Senate we have from the 
senates we did have when Wolfe and 
Wright and Leavitt were the whole 
thing! Wright has complained that 
he is neither of the majority nor of 
the minority, which he is not. He is 
of the political boneyard with few to 
do him honor despite his fine mental 
equipment. Also there are no flies 
on Eddie Wolfe when it comes to a 
show-down of shiftiness in a tight 
squeeze. Like a cat, he always 
alights on his feet, but in a legislative 
body where character is rated above 
cunning, and moral purpose above 
servitude to special interests, men like 
Wolfe and Wright find themselves 
neither in the majority nor the minor- 
concluded on Page 7) 




Leading Clothier* (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streams... 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS 



PURITAS 

DISTILLED WATER 



PURE 

WHOLESOME 

HEALTHFUL I 

FIVE GALLONS, 40 CENTSl 

Delivered within the old cityjj 
boundary lines. 

Los Angeles Ice & 
Cold Storage Co. 

Phone Home 10053; Sunset 
Main 8191 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Aqueduct Troubles Over: The finan- 
oubles of the gcles 

luct enterprise seem to be at an 
end. The syndicate has agreed to 
take the full quota for the year, ami 
it even agrees to pay in the money 
and take out the bonds as needed. 
While it is a relief to get the matter 
settled, it had long since ceased to be 
a subject of doubt or question as to 
whether the bonds would sell if put 
out into the open market, so it was 
not essential to the welfare of the en- 
terprise that the syndicate should 
take up its option. Arrangements 
had been made through Marco Hell- 
man for the New York Life and other 
companies to take up enough bonds 
immediately to carry us past any pos- 
sible delay had the syndicate failed to 
come to time. Thus closes an episode 
that was the cause of much worry and 
at times something very like panic 
among city officials. Trouble began 
last spring when the syndicate re- 
fused to put up any more money un- 
til it should catch up with the option, 
and refused to say whether or not it 
would exercise the option. It fell back 
for a time on its absolute legal rights, 
leaving the city badly in the hole. As 
an alternative to this ruinous situa- 
tion, it advanced a series of proposals, 
every one of which had for its evi- 
dent purpose heading off the city from 
developing its electric power. For a 
few months the aqueduct work was 
cramped, but money was finally se- 
cured — part of it grudgingly sup- 
plied by the syndicate itself — to carry 
on the work. Even as late as No- 
vember the syndicate tried on an al- 
ternative plan which would have tied 
up the sinking fund and cut off pre- 
miums and put the option date along 
two months; but this was not ac- 
cepted. Peace is now restored and 
everything forgiven. 



Sublime Egotism: A wealthy man of 
Detroit named James Scott left in 
his will $500,000 to the city, to be used 
in erecting a life-size statue of him- 
self in one of the parks, the statue to 
be fitted up with appropriate sur- 
roundings. The city has at last de- 
cided after some trnnfhs of discus- 
sion to accept the gift. Very decided 
objection was entered by many civic 
and religious organizations to the 
carrying out of Scott's wishes, as "he 
had no particular merit as a citizen, 
and thus to exalt him and to hand his 
memory down to future generations, 
merely because he had put up half a 
million dollars for the trick, seemed 
like a had example to the youth of the 
community. On the other hand it was 
contended that only a small part of 
tlio donation need go into the statue, 
and that the park could be beautified 
by an elaborate setting for the figure, 
and that such a display of public 
spirit, even if 'tinctured with egotism, 
was worthy of consideration. 



Those Higher Up: A woman in 
Grand Rapids had two clothes poles 
in her yard that were exactly 100 feet 
apart. She bought two clothes lines 
each of them marked "SO feet" and 
found them 16 feet short of reaching 
the required distance. The local 
seller of weights and measures under- 
took to prosecute 'the dealer, but the 
latter was able to show that the cord 
came in packages from the factory 
with the false length stamped upon it. 
and as this factory was not even in 
the stale there was. of course, no way 
to get at it. This led to an investiga- 
tion of many marked packages and in 
nearly every instance the weights and 
measures were found to be false. For 
example, the match boxes marked 



Hatches" were found to contain 
only 250. It is believed that the only 
way to get at these fraudulent "high- 
er-up- national inspection of 
weights and measures to be applied to 
all factories serving an interstate mar- 
ket. 



Three Cent Rate: Slightly disfig- 
ured but still in the ring, the three 
cent street-car fare continues to live 
in Cleveland. It did not turn out as 
badly as its enemies hoped nor as 
well as its friends predicted. It docs 
pay expenses; but when the company 
asks for a subscription to bonds to 
make extensions and improvements 
Wall Street says no, and demands an 
increase in the rate of fare. This is 
a concrete illustration of the argu- 
ment advanced by the great steam 
railway presidents recently on the is- 
sue of the tncrease of freight tariffs. 
Since they could not show they needed 
the money to pay expenses — which 
were wll covered — nor to pay fair 
dividends, they asked it for the pur- 
pose of creating a surplus and estab- 
lishing credit on which they could 
issue securities and get money for 
needed improvements. 

Use of Rifles by Police: Occasional- 
ly there is heard the suggestion that 
city police should be deprived of re- 
volvers. The London police are not 
allowed to carry fire arms, and many 
experts on criminology hold that there 
is better real police work done in Lon- 
don than in any city in the world. 
On the other hand the fight with the 
anarchists that recently took place in 
London seemed to show a fatal weak- 
ness in the system. Few American 
cities will be disposed to go as far 
in the other direction as Pittsburg has 
done, in arming many of her patrol- 
men with Springfield rifles. The es- 
cape of several burglars, who had 
been caught in the act but managed 
to get away under a revolver fusillade, 
led to the introduction of rifles. 



Cannot Supply Cars Enough: The 

Tnterborough system of New York, 
which operates the subways, and the 
Public Service Commission of that 
city have come to a deadlock on the 
question of supplying cars enough 
during the rush hours to give every- 
body a seat. President Shonts of the 
companv declares this is a physical 
impossibility, and that his people will 
not attempt to comply with the or- 
der, but will fight in the courts. The 
Interhorough Company does not en- 
joy the favor nor the confidence of 
the public of New York, as some of 
the other transportation companies do. 



The "Greatest Criminal": Rats, 
which have been called the greatest 
criminals of our time, are steadily 
growing worse in most of the large 
cities. They are the great common 
carrier of disease, and many health 
authorities hold that it will never be 
possible to establish proper sanitary 
conditions in our cities until the rats 
are absolutely put out of existence. 
The street commissioner of Balti- 
more recently reported an alarming 
increase in the number of rats in that 
city and asked for better legislation 
on the subject of garbage cans. 

A Fire College: The Fire Depart- 
ment of New York city contemplates 
the establishment of a "Fire College." 
in addition to and above the school 
for fire drill. This is for the purpose 
of developing in 'the department a 
corps of fire experts on such subject* 
as explosives, high voltage wires, fire 
apparatus, including life saving de- 



vices the chemistry and physics of 
^rations. By this plan, it is be- 
lieved, that the know I skill 
gained by individuals can be made per- 
manent and handed down to new gen- 
erations of fire fighters. 

A "Good-fellow" Mayor: Philip H. 
Breitmeyer ended a two year term as 
Mayor of the city of Detroit January 
first. He was asked what it had cost 
him in actual outlay of his own money 
and he replied: "Forty thousand dol- 
lars." The Mayor kept open house to 
everybody in his office, gave banquets 
and picnics to his friends, and gen- 
erally played the part of a good fel- 
low. He was also an excellent Mayor, 
although not renominated owing to a 
primary mix-up. 



Experience with Water Meters: 

Petersburg, Virginia, in the face of a 
great amount of protest, decided to 
put in meters on its water users. The 
immediate effect was to cut down the 
pumpage 90 per cent. When people 
became accustomed to the meters, 
the use of water settled down to 
about one-third of what it had been 
under the old system. This made a 
big reduction in the cost of operation, 
and at the same time reduced the cost 
of water to the people. 



Water Corporation's Liberality: 

The company that supplies Bridge- 
port, Connecticut, with water cele- 
brated the beginning of the year by 
presenting the city with all the water 
needed for municipal use during the 
next 16 years in which the contract 
will run. As the city has been pay- 
ing $12,000 a year average for use of 
water, this is regarded as a present of 
over $200,000 and the people are great- 
ly pleased at the company's liberality. 



Spokane a Commission City: Over 
ten thousand votes were cast in Spo- 
kane, Wasbington, December 28th on 
the question of adopting a freeholders' 
charter in the commission form and 
there was a majority of 2237 in favor 
of the change. This includes the re- 
call, initiative and referendum and the 
initiative form of future charter 
amendment. 



A Paving Failure Made Good: In 

Portland, Oregon, a quantity of 
Hassam street pavement began to 
break up four months after it was 
laid. The company said it was due to 
a bad quality of cement and tore up 
the paving and replaced it with new. 
There is a block of Hassam paving in 
Los Angeles — on Sixth street between 
Main and Los Angeles. 



Failure of Water Supply: Granville, 
a New York town of 5000 people, had 
a disastrous fire recently which would 
have destroyed the place entirely but 
for a lucky change in the direction of 
the wind. The water supply gave out 
completely early in the fire. Ten 
blocks of business buildings and many 
residences were destroyed. 



Bloodhounds for Police Service: 

The police department of Chatta- 
nooga has two bloodhounds which it 
acquired from the state prison of 
Tennessee. It is said these animals 
have a great record for capturing es- 
capes, which sounds rather startling. 
They are to be used for cases of vio- 
lent crime. 

Lake Water Contaminated: Cleve- 
land is disturbed at the increase in 
the number of bacteria in Lake Erie 
from which that city gets its water 
supply. Careful investigation will be 



made to determine tli of the 

contamination, and state authority 
will be used to correel 



Plan a Co-operative Town: A large- 
body of working people of the city "i 
Muskogee, Oklahoma, plan to estab 
i suburb on a co-operative plan 
which they intend to call Altruria, 
The land will not be owned in com- 
in. 'ii. lull the slcres and other enter- 
prises needed in a small town will all 
be co-operative. 



Pneumatic Oil Sprinklers: Road 
makers in New Jersey — whiich is a 
good roads state — are having good 
success with a device for putting oil 
on the highways broken into a fine 
spray under pneumatic pressure. With 
this method the street or road can lie 
put immediately into use after the 
application of the oil. 

Public Drinking Cup: Idaho has 
passed drastic legislation abolishing 
the public drinking cup. This applies 
to trains, hotels, schools, street foun- 
tains, parks and all other public places. 



<^V£^r^ 



So.Broadway **&E$gp* So.Hili. Strut 
A. FUSENOT CO. 

New 

Foulard 

Silks 

85c to $1.25 

TjTOU LARDS 
*J will hi very pop- 
ular silks this spring 
and summer, for the 
development of 
dressy toilettes; they 
are equally becom- 
ing to old a nd young, 
which makes them 
deservedly popular. 



We invite your insp'dion 
of our new collection, v. hich 
embraces the latest designs 
and mosl fashionable colors 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The New Order of Things 



;By the Doorkeeper: 



Legislature Making Good — Forward- 
ing the "Johnson Policies" — Class 
Legislation Tabooed. 



Sacramento, Cal., Feb. 1, 1911. — 
When Hiram W. Johnson read his 
inaugural address and outlined the 
Progressive program for legislative 
action, the opinion prevailed through- 
out the state generally that the state's 
lawmakers would have to work on 
the jump to "make good." The 
Legislature is now on its fifth week, 
and the general impression is that it 
is well on the way toward making 
good. From the first day of the ses- 
sion it has been working as none of 
its predecessors have worked. It is 
considering measures which, when 
enacted into law, will put into effect 
what are coming to be known as the 
"Johnson policies." 

Never before in the history of the 
state has any Legislature attempted 
anything like the amount of work pro- 
posed at this session. It is indeed 
doubtful if any State Legislature in 
the entire United States ever at- 
tempted quite as big a job as that 
upon which the California Legislature 
of 1911 is now engaged. In evidence 
the following list of legislation already 
in process of the making is offered: 

1. The Railroad Rate bill, with jail 
penalties for violation. 

2. The Initiative, the Referendum 
and the Recall, the latter applicable 
to all State officers, including the judi- 
ciary. 

3. The creation of a Board of Pub- 
lic Control, to establish a uniform 
system, of public accounting for all 
state institutions. 

4. Home Rule for counties, through 
freeholders charters. 

5. A Public Service Commission, 
for the control of public utilities other 
than steam railroads. 

6. Civil Service Reform in the 
state and its counties. 

7. The Australian Ballot in its 
original form, doing away with the 
party column and the party circle. 

8. A non-partisan judiciary. 

9 The Oregon system of electing 
United States Senators. 

10. Ratification of the federal in- 
come tax amendment. 

11. A better anti-racetrack gam- 
bling law. 

12. Local option. 

13. A federal steamship line on the 
Pacific Ocean. 

14. Reform in criminal procedure. 

15. Employers' Liability act. 

16. Conservation of the natural re- 
sources of the State along the lines 
fuggejted by Gifford Pinchot. 

At this time the Legislature is esti- 
mated to be two weeks ahead in its 
work. The number of useless, worth- 
less bills introduced has been the 
smallest in history. The progressives 
have set a pace and have builded a 
model. 

The Governor's intentions to toler- 
ate no nonsense are so firmly im- 
pressed upon the minds of all that the 
members of both houses look well at 
every bill handed them for introduc- 
tion before they turn it in. Many that 
have been sent here with the request 
that they be introduced have been re- 
turned to their authors with a note to 
the effect that the administration desk 
has been cleared for action on meas- 
ures that the people, not individuals 
and special class, want. And this is 
one reason why the legislature is able 
to work to such good advantage. It 
is not spending the better portion of 
its time considering unimportant 
measures. 

Greasing the Ways 

I have been standing patiently at 



the door awaiting the time when I 
mighr see the form of Alden Ander- 
son go hurtling out of the state ser- 
vice into political oblivion. There is 
hardly a doubt that he will have to 
travel the path being marked out for 
him, but I note that some of the mem- 
bers of the legislature who delight to 
call themselves "insurgents" are fear- 
ful that the path is not going to be 
as distinct as it has been planned to 
be. 

These slightly timorous spirits are 
not numerically strong, however. 
Among the ranks of the Progressives 
solidly back of Governor Johnson in 
his wise determination to give the 
Augean stables of Southern Pacific 
politics a thorough cleaning and then 
to burn the stables themselves, there 
is a uniform inclination to do every- 
thing possible to expedite the day 
when the last vestige of machine con- 
trol shall have vanished. Like the 
Governor, they will not rest content 
with firing a few Southern Pacific 
parasites who have been holding down 
jobs as stenographers, porters, clerks 
and other minor positions. They want 
to see the whole kit and caboodle of 
"push" politicians unceremoniously 
relegated to the political ash barrel. 
A bank examiner who is regarded as 
a very important cog in the machine 
looks to them exactly like some sena- 
tor's mother-in-law or some speaker's 
sister or some departmental head's 
wife or daughter or some Southern 
Pacific conductor on leave of ab- 
sence. 

There has been some talk of oppo- 
sition to the Governor's programme 
to "kick the Southern Pacific out of 
politics." but it has been confined to 
the unhappy and extremely nervous, 
though bold-fronted minority led by 
such old-line Performers as Senator 
Eddie Wolfe. About all the fight 
against the enactment of the proposed 
law reorganizing the bank commis- 
sion, which means the extermination 
of Anderson in politics, will be found, 
in the final analysis, in one or two 
florid orations on the floor of either 
house when the question comes to a 
vote. But the oratory will be innocu- 
ous. The handful of machine legis- 
lators may spout and fume and get 
red in the face all they care to. An- 
derson is going, and they know it. 
And so is Mackenzie and the rest of 
the Southern Pacific pets. 

Wasted Sympathy? 

I really felt sorry for the leader of 
the anti-woman's suffrage lobby dur- 
ing the days when lobbying against 
Senator Bell's 'constitutional amend- 
ment was the vogue in certain quar- 
ters. She flocked all to herself most 
of the time. Her only friends — poli- 
tically, of course — seemed to be Sena- 
tor Leroy Wright, Assemblyman Mil- 
ton Schrnitt and two or three other 
brave leaders of what is left_ of the 
reactionarv forces in the legislature. 
She would wander down from the 
mezzanine floor of the Hotel Sacra^ 
mento into the lobby of an evening, 
stand close to the clerk's counter, as 
if seeking a haven, and gaze hope- 
lessly upon the throng of political 
enemies. 

To make matters harder for her the 
women leading the fight for the 
' amendment were, as a rule, surround- 
ed by legislators and newspaper men. 
The contrast between the good-fel- 
lowship exhibited on the one hand 
and the coldness evident on the other 
was really pitiful. Somebodv told me 
that the attitude of the anti-suffrage 
lohbv was a part of the general 
scheme — though why it was so, if so. 
I can't understand. At any rate if 
resignation is a virtue the reaction- 



aries in this case certainly were not 
looking for sympathy. 
Tricky 

The many years of legislative ex- 
perience enjoyed by Senator Wolfe 
of San Francisco, the enemy of prog- 
ress and the friend of the race-tracks 
and other things for the abatement of 
which the Progressives are working, 
have enabled him to turn a few pretty 
stunts this session. Most of the Pro- 
gressive Senators lack somewhat in 
parliamentary experience. This ex- 
plains why Wolfe has been able to 
make believe he is yet a sort of floor 
leader for the entire Republican con- 
tingent. 

One of the prerogatives of the floor 
leader of the majority is to take upon 
himself the duty of moving for ad- 
journment when the time for the end 
of the day's labors has arrived. Wolfe 
has been on the job so many years 
that he hates to relinquish it to Sena- 
tor Bell, who is the recognized leader. 
The instant the Senate is ready for 
adjournment Wolfe, not waiting for 
Bell to act, has habitually jumped to 
his feet and beaten Bell to the mo- 
tion. It is a little discourtesy that 
Wolfe must realize, yet he persists in 
posing as the floor leader. If Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Wallace should hap- 
pen to refuse to recognize Wolfe once 
or twice when he springs to his feet 
for the purpose of tagging the motion 
to adjourn and give Bell an oppor- 
tunity to exercise his privilege, pos- 
sibly the usually thick-skinned gentle- 
man from San Francisco would take 
the tip and act upon it. 

Why They Changed Their Views 

The idea of applying the Recall to 
the judiciary is growing in popularity 
in both houses of the legislature. As 
I suggested last week, it required but 
the action of the Supreme Court in 
granting the order for a rehearing of 
the Ruef case, through a document to 
which were appended, in typewriting, 
the names of four of the seven mem- 
bers of the court, one of whom was 
sick abed and another of whom was 
in the East, to settle the question in 
the minds of some of the legislators 
who up to that time had doubted the 
wisdom of making this instrument 
applicable to such an august body as 
the court of last resort. 

An indication of the attitude of the 
Senate on this question may be 
gathered from the following state- 
ments made by certain influential 
members: 

Lee C. Gates: "I announced at the 
Republican legislative conference held 
in San Francisco that I did not favor 
the recall of judges. I see the neces- 
sity of it now." 

Miguel Estudillo: "I was opposed to 
the application of the recall to the 
judiciary, but it now has my hearty 
approval, and I will vote for it." 

Ernest S. Birdsall: "I was strongly 
opposed to the recall of judges, but 
this Ruef decision is too much. It 
proves the necessity of the action 
recommended by the Governor." 

Marshall Black: "Up to the render- 
ing of this decision I was opposed to 
including the judiciary, but am now 



convinced that I was wrong in my 
view. I will vote for the recall on 
judges." 

Harvey M. Hurd: "No argument on 
earth can convince me that the recall 
on judges is not a crying necessity. 
I was opposed to it heretofore, but 
am now convinced that the sooner we 
apply it the better it will be for the 
state of California." 

And more to the same end from 
other members of either house. Which 
means that a proposition to amend 
the constitution by making the Recall 
applicable to judges will be submitted 
to the people at the next election held 
in this state. 

Wolfe a Historian, Maybe 

Franklin Hichborn, whose "Story 
of the Legislature of 1909" proved to 
be such an effective campaign work 
last year, driving several candidates 
for re-election out of business, is 
gathering notes for another record of 
the present legislature along lines 
that will make his work of still 
greater value in coming campaigns 
and of vastly deeper interest to the 
voter who desires to know what his 
representatives in the legislature have 
been doing. Senator Wolfe, among 
others, evidently does not like the 
Hichborn idea of keeping close tab 
on the records of the various mem- 
bers. I imagine the lonesome leader 
of the machine minority is consider- 
ing the advisability of writing a lit- 
tle book of his own to offsetthe Hich- 
born work. In a burst of thinly veiled 
passion the other day he shouted: 

"I am going to keep check upon 



Office Hours: 9:00 a. m. to 
5:00 p. m. Sundays 10 to 12 
Phones, Office— Home F 2075, 
Main 1946. 

Dr. G. J. Crandall 

DENTIST 



Office: Broadway Central 

Bldg., 424 .South 

Broadway 

Suites S05-806 



Three-Story Brick 

WAREHOUSE 

For 

LEASE or SALE 

BUILDING 100x140 
LOT 128x128 

Southern Pacific Switch 

FRANK HERON 
301 Grant Bldg. 




Pianos and Player Pianos 

Before moving to our new Broadway building present assortments of 
high grade instruments must be disposed of. Heavy discounts have 
been made on our regular standard agencies. If you intend buying a 
Piano or Player Piano this is your opportunity. Come in and get full 
information — prices and terms. 



Geo. J. Birkel Co. 



Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealers 
345-347 S. Spring St. 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



'formers on labor measures and 

ether your rclV: !ecp." 

nd," declared Wolfe, "that the 

l arc 

;>ed about what the press 

about you. Ye gods and little fishes! 

You haven't had a hint of what is 

coming to yon later. It may be that 

the license of the press, the unre- 

d license of the press, is the 

greatest menace to the country." 

I don't know, can't imagine, don't 
care, whether the words of the smart- 
■nator from San Francisco are 
to be interpreted as a prophesy or a 
threat. If a threat, I, for one, hope 
he will make good. The whole state 
iifornia, reformers and per- 
rs, Progressive and Southern 
machine, would be immensely 
entertained by any strictures which 
Eddie Wolfe would impose upon the 
element which is seeking to redeem 
the state from the grasp of the sordid 
organization is seeking to redeem the 
state from the grasp of the sordid 
organization which all but reduced 
the state to a condition of abject 
thralldom. We all know what the 
Wolfes and the Leavitts and the 
Wright; and the Porters think of the 
Bells and the Hewitts and the Gateses 
and the Hichborns, but it surely 
would be most edifying to see those 
thoughts, in all their pristine loveli- 
ness, reduced to cold type and laid 
away upon the shelves of the public 
libraries of the state for the enlighten- 
ment of future generations. Such 
written history as that bearing the 
imprint of Herrinism and racetrack 
government would be a delectable 
morsel on the tongue of your children 
and mine, my dear audience. Let us 
hope and pray that Senator Wolfe 
will make good and check up the re- 
formers and their work during this 
session of the legislature, and that he 
will put his work in permanent form. 
Hard Losers 

I heard something the other day 
which Meyer Lissner should have 
heard. I am afraid it would not have 
hurt his feelings. 

Three men, none of whom I knew, 
were standing about four feet from 
my observation post at the door to 
the Senate chamber. All were evi- 
dently disgruntled at the character of 
the men they saw seated in front of 
them transacting the state's business 
and making the state's laws. 

"Yes, I saw him," remarked one of 
them. " Iwanted to punch his face." 

"You did, eh? What's he been do- 
ing to you, old man?" 

"Doing? Doing? Great Caesar's 
ghost, man, look at that bunch in 
there that he's put over on us. Isn't 
that enough? Do you think for one 
little minute that we are going to get 
anything out of that crowd? You can 
stake your last dollar on it, there's 
nothing doing this year, and then you 
can get down on your knees and 
thank Lissner for it. It's me for the 
street department. Last session I got 
six per, and some on the side, with 
nothing to do. This year it looks like 
the real thing in the hustle line. 
Let's get out of this. It makes me 
sick." 



Political Table Talk 



"THE LABOR PROBLEM IN OUR 
PRISONS" 



At the regular weekly luncheon of 
the City Club, to be held at the West- 
minster Hotel today (Saturday) at 
12:15 p. m., W. A. Gates of San Fran- 
cisco, secretary of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections, will speak 
on "The Labor Problem in Our Pris- 
ons." 



Economy 

"Then this," asked the rejected 
suitor, "is absolutely final?" 

"Quite!" was the calm reply. "Shall 
I return your letters?" 

"Yes. please," answered the young 
man. "There's some very good ma- 
terial in them I can use." — Life. 



(Continued from Page 4) 

ity, but in the junk heap, whereat all 
citizens should rejoice and be 
glad for their eyes have seen the 
glory of the coming of a new order of 
lhings political. The Thirty-ninth 
'.iturc of California may do un- 
wise things but it will not inflict in- 
iquities upon the people as legisla- 
tures have done within the recollec- 
tion of the oldest inhabitant. 



Of the Highest We may profitably 
Statesmanship turn from rejoicing 
over our local joys 
to share some of the glories being 
achieved at Washington. The reci- 
procity relations arranged for with 
Canada must be set down as an act 
of the highest statesmanship. Give 
President Taft the praise! It has 
been a shame to our nation that our 
policy toward Canada has ever been 
other than that of the largest liber- 
ality and the most fraternal feeling. 
We not only want Canada's good will 
and trade, but we want our Lady of 
the Snows to come in with us and be 
a part of us. We should fix our na- 
tional minds and hearts upon making 
this an ocean-bound republic, not by 
conquest, but by consanguinity, by 
mutuality of ideal and aim, by being 
the fittest to survive and having in- 
stitutions contributing in the highest 
degrees to the establishment of jus- 
tice and the furthering of the well- 
being of the race. The fate of the 
Mexican in Southern California, an 
enviable one in many respects, will 
he the fate of the Mexican in Mexico 
and so on to the big ditch. Not until 
this continent shall have been dedi- 
cated to one indissoluble democracy, 
in politics and industry, will Ameri- 
cans be justified in boasting of a 
democracy triumphant. 



Star Chamber Controller A. B. Nye 
Proceedings does well to protest 
against any provision 
in the new revenue law binding the 
members of the State Board of Equal- 
ization to secrecy in relation to what 
transpires before that board, which 
has not heretofore borne so much re- 
semblance to Madam Caesar as to 
place it beyond the need of being 
watched. No department of our gov- 
ernment has been under greater 
temptation than this board and, under 
the new revenue law, its power and 
temptation to go wrong will be great- 
er than before. Where the sun of 
publicity does not shine in, the bacilus 
of graft is sure to spawn and multiply. 
If there be anything that the corpora- 
tions to be taxed do not want gener- 
ally known the chances are that it is 
the very thing that most needs to be 
known to all men. There is small 
Justification in the plea that private 
interests may be hurt through pub- 
licity. Corporate interests are not 
private. Corporations are created by 
the public and for the public and the 
public at all times needs to know 
what they are up to. Publicity is to 
official business what sunshine is to 
physical health. We cannot well have 
too much of it. 

The Delightful There is not a more 
Alden Anderson jolly good fellow in 
all California than 
Alden Anderson. His personality is 
bewitching. What other politician 
has been able to secure for himself 
honors and emoluments of office 
without ever lining up one one side 
or other of any public issue? Always 
and ever he has fraternized with both 
camps, a standpatter with standpat- 
ters, a long-hair with Ions-hairs, neat 
as a pin. clean as a whistle, every- 
body's friend, barring none. Nor is 



"Give Us Something to 
Entertain Us" 

Hai ever been the cry — the answer 
today is the 

Edison 
Phonograph 



Everybody can have his own story teller, his own songster, his own 
bandmaster, right in his own home. Don't forego the joy of an 
a day longer. Come and hear it — you'll surely buy it. Prices $12.50 
upwards — on the easiest of terms. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC CO. 

"The House of Musical Quality" 
332-334 SOUTH BROADWAY LOS ANGELES 




Mr Anderson wholly unjustified in de- 
nying that he was the Southern Pa- 
cific candidate for gubernatorial hon- 
ors. He may well have his "doots." 
Perhaps he only thought he was at 
the time. It may have been Curry 
after all, but that he was somebody's 
puppet everybody knows. But whose? 
It was during the heat of the primary 
■campaign that Mr. Anderson declared 
that the Political Bureau of the South- 
ern Pacific Company was a myth. 
Well, it did look like it, Alden, after 
the votes were counted! It is prob- 
ably true that neither Anderson nor 
Curry knew, knows or will ever find 
out, which of them was the only, truly 
Herrin candidate for Governor at the 
last election. Appearances, and even 
metalic contributions to campaign 
funds, are so deceiving. The best 
that either of these astute political 
gentlemen can ever say with truth is 
that he does not really know if he 
were "it" or not, but only hoped, 
prayed, believed and thought he was 
at the time. But one thing we do 
know: Neither Anderson nor Curry 
was the candidate of the liberty-lov- 
ing, progressive, emancipating Repub- 
licans of California. That candidate 
was Hiram Johnson and he went into 
office under bond to kick corporation- 
serving officers holders out of office 
and, "By the Eternal," as Andrew 
Jackson would have said, he'll do it 
or expose to the eyes of all the world 
the reason wily it cannot be done. 



That Mere Matter of Just as the af- 
Political Patronage filiated higher- 
ups sought to 
whisper the San Francisco graft 
prosecution down so the same con- 
fraternity is now busily engaged in 
trying to make it appear that all this 
hullabaloo over the deposition of An- 
derson, Curry, Transue et al, from 
positions which the superserviceable 
Gillett sought to put beyond Gover- 
nor Johnson's reach during his term 
of office, is neither more nor less than 
a squabble over official patronage and 
that, in this regard, the reformers 
, are showing themselves to be no bet- 
ter than the performers were, the in- 
ference being that if the reformers 
were sincere and honest they would 
leave all of Mr. Herrin's handy men 
in offiice to thwart every progressive 
effort and paralyze every reform 
measure. The chicane practiced by 
Gillett should be negatived if it can 
he and the mischief that he did should 
be undone at all hazards. Besides, 
Alden Anderson is not a trained 
banker. He is not such a qualified 
man as the law contemplates for the 
office he holds. He was reared a 
fruit grower, dealer, shipper and re- 
hater and became interested- in banks, 
as has many another wealthy mer- 
chant or manufacturer in the days of 
his prosperity. He has served no ap- 
prenticeship, graduated from no bank- 
ing institution and, at best, is merely 



BEKINS' 



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1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 



Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



HIGHCLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
353 S.Hill Street 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS 
PROPERTIES 



the possessor of that adaptability and 
versatility that go to make us 
Americans what we are, the best ama- 
teurs and the least of experts in the 
civilized world. If the banks are all 
satisfied with Alden Anderson in his 
present position it is because he isn't 
doing a thing to 'em except being 
nice, agreeable, complaisant. It will 
be entirely possible for Governor 
Johnson to put in Mr. Anderson's 
pla>ce a trained banker with a will to 
know what is doing and who is doing 
it. The good of the State demands 
that he have that opportunity. 



REDLANDS PARK BONDS 



On the night of January 20th last 
Rev. Dana W. Bartlett delivered a 
lecture in Redlands favoring the Park 
Bond vote to be held January 24th in 
that city. On the day following the 
elections Mr. Bartlett received the 
following letter from K. C. Wells of 
the Redlands Board of Trade, ex- 
pressing his thanks for the effective 
lecture: 

"Our park bonds carried yesterday 
by a vote of 840 to 283 and we feel 
that our success at the polls was in a 
large measure due to the fine lecture 
given us by you on the night of Janu- 
ary 20th, and I write to congratulate 
vou on the outcome of the bond elec- 
tion and to thank you for the con 
you have shown us in coming to us 
at this time and helping us win the 
parks." 

Respectfully, 
(Signed) K. C. WELLS. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Plan For University Operation of Commer- 
cial Power Plants 



Correspondent Thinks That State 

Laws Are Needed Giving to State 

Universities the Control of Some 

of the Remaining Water 

Power Rights. 



Cannot some plan be devised by which 
every state university can engage_ in 
the business of making electrical 
power for commercial purposes? Can- 
not 50,000 or 100.000 h. p. of unde- 
veloped water power be at once re- 
served in one or in several sites for 
each such institution? Cannot the 
State or Federal Government de- 
velop with public funds one of the 
sites thus reserved for each of the 
universities, taking in payment low in- 
terest bearing bonds, payable in small 
annual instalments? There are, 
doubtless, legal difficulties in the way, 
but law is man-made, and law which 
clearly points to the immediate finan- 
cial interest of the public, can gen- 
erally be enacted in progressive com- 
munities. 

One of the conditions to be im- 
posed on the universities might be, 
that they conduct such business under 
government supervision and especial- 
ly to further secondary and higher 
education. Another condition might 
be that each university operate its 
plant or plants through men who act 
part of the time as managers of the 
business, and part of the time as in- 
structors in the school; also that all 
other positions should be filled with 
part-time students taking courses in 
electrical work, and who are earning 
their way. One purpose of employ- 
ing student-workmen would be, to 



realize the greatest efficiency in the 
power plants. Such a student might 
be given work for a certain period of 
time in the electrical .plant for every 
period of six. or twelve months that 
he has attended the university. The 
student's time at school and at the 
plant would have to be so propor- 
tioned that his wages, if wisely spent, 
would enable him to pay his way 
through the university course. 

Still another condition might be 
provided, namely: that, ten per cent 
to fifty per cent of the net available 
profits, made on the sale of power, 
go to the university; the remainder 
of this profit to go towards assisting 
the secondary schools in the locality 
in which the electrical energy is used. 
Such a use of the profits would help 
to make the plan popular, and it 
would gain for the universities the 
admiration and respect of the entire 
public. It would also give the public 
possession of minutely accurate 
knowledge in regard to the entire 
electrical business, thus enabling it 
to regulate fairly the rates charged 
by private corporations. 

The apparent feasibility, and the al- 
most self-evident benefits of the plan 
might result in progressive states- 
men being given the necessary sup- 
port of the public in the enactment of 
any laws that might be needed to 
carry out this plan. Graft could find 
no entrance, if the student-workmen 
were compelled to make a detailed 
study of the business, including the 
accounting of the particular plant in 
which they are employed. These 
electrical plants could, without seri- 



ous inconvenience, be hundreds of 
miles from their respective universi- 
ties. 

Just as soon as any such university 
had gained the full confidence of the 
public and had made out of profits 
a few payments on the bonds, the 
State or Nation could, under the same 
terms and conditions, build other 
power plants for the university until 
the legally prescribed limit had been 
reached. 

William Thum. 



DICTATING TO ARIZONA 



A dispatch from Washington says 
that President Taft is "unalterably op- 
posed" to Arizona's new Constitution. 
We are told that this may lead to the 
rejection of the Constitution by Con- 
gress and delay Arizona's admission 
to the Union under the enabling act 
passed a year ago. All because Ari- 
zona's Constitution contains the initia- 
tive and referendum and the recall, 
the latter being especially sweeping, 
in that it applies to judges. Presi- 
dent Taft is especially opposed to this. 
The radical features of the Oklahoma 
Constitution were protested against 
both by President Roosevelt and Mr. 
Taft when the latter was Secretary 
of War. Remembering this fight, the 
congressional leaders largely at the 
President's wish, had the enabling act 
for Arizona and New Mexico so 
worded that the State Constitutions 
must be approved by Congress before 
they can become valid. This is mighty 
interesting reading. The President 
will take a great deal upon himself if 
he tells Arizonans that they cannot 
frame their own organic law. The 
ground he takes is, I suppose, that the 
initiative and referendum are not con- 
sistent with a republican form of gov- 
ernment. In this he is wrong; for the 
initiative and referendum and recall 
are not substitutes for representative 



government, but checks upon it, to 
make it more effective. The repub- 
lican form of government is govern- 
ment by the people, through repre 
sentatives or otherwise. Switzerland 
has the initiative and referendum, but 
it is a republic. And the founders of 
the republic of the United States are 
on record as favoring government by 
the people, directly or indirectly. If 
Congress, at President Taft's sugges- 
tion, is to tell the people of Arizona 
that they cannot organize as a State 
in accordance with their own views of 
the location of final power, then Con- 
gress may veto the Constitution of 
any State. Where does the power of 
the people, directly exercised, stop? 
Is it not a fact that it stops nowhere? 
Cannot the people vote any kind of 
government they desire, and having 
so voted, are they not justified in revo- 
lution against any force that attempts 
to thwart their will? If the President 
is right, the power of the people is a 
myth; they have no power at all. 
The Taft attitude smacks strongly of 
dictatorship. — St. Louis Mirror. 



A Scotch Answer 

A little Scotch boy was up the other 
day before the examiners for the 
Navy; the examination was viva voce, 
designed to discover signs (if any) 
of "general intelligence." They asked 
the boy what he knew about the bat- 
tle of Flodden. He said, "Nothing." 
"What!" they said. "Don't you know 
anything about that battle in which 
the English _ beat the Scotch?" 
"Well," he said, "I know it must 
have been verra exceptional." — Lon- 
don Telegraph. 



Unspeakable 

"What would you think, daddy, if 
Algernon Nocash should suggest be- 
coming your son-in-law?" 

"Withdraw, my dear, while I think 
aloud." — Brooklyn Life. 




ikl. 



miM-M'M" 



ijiigitjftE 'H^SM. 








N. E. Cor. W. 11th and Grand View Sts 

Opposite 

BEAUTIFUL PALM PLACE 



CHAMOUNY APARTMENTS 

A/TOST attractive and home-like apartment house in the west. Will have a wide expanse of lawn, flowers and shrub- 
-L^A bery. Has a large outside living-room, fine reception room with brick inglenook. Third floor contains an amuse- 
ment room, 18x45 feet, with immense balconies on either side. Apartments contain 2 and 3 rooms, are extra large, and 
all have French doors opening on private outside balconies. Will be ready Feb. 10th. Open for inspection and occu- 
pancy on and after that date. mrs. n. Williams Anderson, Manager. 
CALL ALEXANDER MacKEIGAN, 10673 or MAIN 1457 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Shall Los Angeles Lease or Distribute the 
Aqueducl Power? 



Interesting Discussion at the 
Club on Subject of Vital 
Importance. 



City 



"In about twenty months the 
aqueduct water will be pouring 
through Francisquito tunnel. 
Will we be ready with our plans 
and for the development of 
power and its distribution in 
this city? . . . 

"This city cannot wait for a 
more convenient season for the 
companies, or a more auspicious 
one to carry out their plans. . . 

"The companies have every- 
thing to gain by delay, and 
nothing to lose. . . . 

"The recommendation with 
reference to taking a straw vote 
was made only after the most 
earnest consideration." 

JAMES A. ANDERSON. 



"From the standpoint of the 
power companies, we consider a 
vote very desirable to have, 
but it should not be taken at a 
time when the companies have 
no proposition to present, and 
they are not in a position now 
to present one. . . . 

"The power companies, to 
date, have not been able to ob- 
tain from the city or aqueduct 
officials any definite informa- 
tion. . . . 

"I think we are part of this 
town; we feel we are loyal citi- 
zens. . . . 

"If the city can make arrange- 
ments with the power com- 
panies by which the consumer 
gets just as low a rate and this 
city makes just as much money 
and the city is spared the in- 
vestment of the amount neces- 
sary for a distributing system; 
I think it would be a good thing 
for the city to do, at least for 
awhile." . . . 

J. B. MILLER. 



"In the first place I want to 
call your attention to the fact 
that the city of Los Angeles is 
not making war on the electric 
companies; there is room for all 
in Southern California. . . . 

"I am here working for the 
small tax-payers — the fellows 
who need help. The big fel- 
lows generally own property 
. . . and can protect them- 
selves. . . . 

"I am in favor of a straw 
vote. It will merely tell Mr. 
Scattergood the people do or do 
not want to arrange for a dis- 
tributing system, and the light- 
ing of the city of Los Angeles." 
MAYOR GEO. ALEXANDER. 



"I say that the city officials 
have been instructed not once 
but twice in regard to this mat- 
ter, and that too in a perfectly 
legal and binding manner. This 
straw vote would not be a legal 
vote at all; it would be merely 
advisory and would not be bind- 
ing. . . . 

"I am satisfied from my talk 
with the Aqueduct officials, that 
if we were to sell this power to 
the power companies at $25 per 
annual horse power there would 
.be a profit to Los Angeles of 
several hundred thousand dol- 
lars per annum net, and that 
without the expense of putting 
in a distributing system, build- 



ing up a business and losing 
time and money while the busi- 
ness is being developed." 

MEYER LISSNER. 



"If the companies want to 
make a proposition, why don't 
they do it. The Mayor tried to 
pull them out and took action 
to induce them to in the Coun- 
cil chamber meetings. It is my 
opinion that you could not pull 
a proposition out of them with 
a six-mule team. They don't 
want to give you one. They are 
sparring for time, absolutely. 
And finally the time will be so 
short that there will be no al- 
ternative but to let them dis- 
tribute it." 
COUNCILMAN ANDREWS. 



The subject programmed for last 
Saturday's meeting of the City Club 
of Los Angeles was "The advisability 
of taking a straw vote at the charter 
amendment election on March 6, on 
the leasing or distribution of the 
Aqueduct Power." James A. Ander- 
son, chairman of the Consolidation 
Committee, took the affirmative and 
John B. Miller, president of the 
Southern California Edison Co., the 
negative. 

The meeting developed into some- 
thing of a general discussion, several 
other speakers being called on to 
present their views after the prin- 
cipal speakers were through. In addi- 
tion to Mr. Anderson and Mr. Miller, 
those 'who spoke were Mayor Alexan- 
der, Meyer Lissner and Councilman 
J. J. Andrews. 

Mr. Anderson spoke as follows: 

"I suppose you all are aware of the 
manner in which this ques'tion came 
to be considered. Our Council, fol- 
lowing the recommendation of the 
Consolidation Committee, has direct- 
ed the City Attorney to prepare a 
resolution — an ordinance — to submit 
to the people of this city the question 
of whether or not it shall distribute 
its electric power or whether such 
electricity shall be leased or sold to 
the lighting companies. 

"Concretely, the question which is 
up for discussion here is whether or 
no't this election should be post- 
poned. I will attempt to explain, as 
far as I can, the reasons why this has 
been urged and the reason why the 
election should not be postponed. In 
doing this, owing to the fact that I 
will not have time nor opportunity 
to reply to Mr. Miller, I will, neces- 
sarily, have to assume to some ex- 
tent the arguments which will be 
chosen by Mr. Miller, judging from 
interviews I have . had with him in 
committee and otherwise. 

"Now, gentlemen, while a crises 
faces this city relative "to the con- 
struction of its power plant, the facts 
are not new. It has now been nearly 
= ix years since this city determined 
to bring the Aqueduct water here, 
and part of that scheme, through all 
those years, has been the develop- 
ment of this electric power, which 
we all know to be a by-product of 
the water. We all know this, that 
no part of our community has been 
more alive to that situation than the 
power companies. They are neces- 
sarily more vitally affected by that 
proposition. Nearly twelve months 
nsro the people of this city voted $3,- 
500,000 for the development and dis- 



tribution of power. Sn that I say 
this which confronts us is 

the outgrowth at even:- with which 
we have all been familiar and came 
surprise to no (inc. But Mr. 
Mulholland tells us that in about 
twenty months the Aqueduct water 
will be pouring through Francisquito 
runnel. Will v. with our 

and he ready for the develop- 
ment of power and the distribution 
in this city? That is the qn 
that is before us. E F S 
chief electrical engineer of the 
Aqueduct power bureau, has told the 
public that it will require at least ten 
months after the bid 
or about that time, to complete the 
power plant. So we now see the 
urgency that confronts us. I am go- 
ing to read a short statement by Mr. 
Scattergood in relation to this mat- 
ter because it bears particularly on 
the proposition of stating this issue. 
Mr. Scattergood's Statement 
"Mr. Scattergood says, 'It has been 
pointed out in the first annual report 
of the Power Bureau, dated June 30, 
1910, and in several written state 
ments of earlier and later dates from 
the Power Bureau to the Board of 
Public Works and from the Board of 
Public Works to the City Council, 
that it would require several months 
in which to receive bids and sign con- 
tracts after advertising for bids on 
the machinery and equipment neces- 
sary for the power plants, transmis- 
sion lines and distributing systems, 
and that it would require at least 
eighteen months for the delivery and 
installation of such machinery and 
equipment, particularly for the gene- 
rating plants and transmission lines. 
It is expected that the Aqueduct will 
be completed in eighteen to twenty 
months from date, and it is therefore, 
apparent that definite information 
must be had at once and that delay 
means postponement of the time at 
which the city can profit, whether it 
be by relief in taxes or reduction in 
rates, or both, by its Aqueduct power 
possibilities.' 

"He then goes on and points out 
that with the issuance of the bonds 
steps were recommended by him to be 
taken at once for the adoption of the 
necessary plans, suggesting taking up 
the matter with the power companies 
as to whether or not such distributing 
system could be secured from them 
or must be provided independently. 
'The Board of Public Works did not 
feel that it had authority, therefore, 
on August 31 a letter was addressed 
to the Board setting forth this po- 
sition and the necessity for action in 
order to bring it formally before the 
city officials and the people generally. 
One conference was held and ad- 
journed to meet again. In the mean- 
time the City Council made provision 
for public meetings at the city hall. 
At these meetings the power com- 
panies introduced the proposition of 
selling to them for resale, whereupon 
the Mayor insisted that they should 
present their proposition in concrete 
form, in order that the people might 
pass on it. This they have never 
done. After these public meetings no 
provision seemed to exist for defi- 
nitely determining the policy to be 
pursued. Finally it was made clear 
that the Consolidation Committee was 
the proper body to take the initiative, 
and the necessity for determining the 
city's attitude toward the power com- 



panies m a 

straw vote was pi omptly i 

mend. 

Definite Knowledge Necessary 

'Should the 1 1' 
its own Ttain 

machi equipment 

for powi 
in lines, sub stations; and hy- 
draulic works in the form ol 
duits, tunnels, etc , v. con- 

structed which would not be 
structed or purchased with 
funds would b< 

*cll to the power c pani 

ing thai it i- impossible to proceed 
without knowing definitely wh 

d mi I in thei more, Mr. Mul- 
holland ted several timi 
i in Vdvisorj Q immittee that it is 
arj in kinovi whal hydraulii 
■ " i i" be constructed, am 
have the funds for the construction 
pi li ticallj at once in order to com 
plcte the work in time to pass the 
v, .iter fur aqueduct purposes by the 
completion of the Aqueduct. Delay, 
therefore, no only means delay ill the 
time at which the city may proftl 
by its powsr opportunities, but it 
would be also necessary to take a 
chance on spending a portion of this 
bond money for hydraulic works 
which might not he in line with the 
policy finally established and there- 
fore reduce the possible power de- 
velopment to be derived therefrom.' 

"Now, gentlemen, that statement 
sets forth more clearly than I can 
the needs and requirements for 
prompt action. There is nothing to 
guide the city officials. It is appar- 
ent, as Mr. Scattergood states, if we 
are going to distribute ourselves we 
have got to make one set of plans, 
and adhere to them, and do it speed- 
ily On the other hand, if we pro- 
pose to turn this electricity over to 
the power companies an entirely dif- 
ferent system and plan will be fol- 
lowed. 

Immediate Action Required 

"Now, we have gone, up to this 



Hats Cleaned. Phone A-360S 

Misfit Clothing Bought and Sold 

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Junction Tailor 

N. H. Sanders, Prop. 
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Cleaned, Dyed, Pressed and 
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844 South Main Street 



AND ILLUSTRATIONS 



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Our Policy won't stop the losses, but one in the house is more "pro- 
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200 H. W. HELLMAN BLDG., 4TH and SPRING STS. 
Home Phone 40444 Sunset Phone M. 7096 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



time without any action being taken. 
Why? Because the city officials have 
not felt they knew what to do on 
account of the indefiniteness of the 
proposition voted on by the people 
before, and further from the fact that 
since last fall, when these meetings 
have been held, there has been 'in the 
air' a proposition to be made by the 
companies for the purpose of taking 
over this power. Consequently, preci- 
ous days and weeks and months have 
passed and now we have come to the 
parting of the ways when we have 
got to act promptly. 

"It is suggested that the compan- 
ies have not had time to make 2. prop- 
osition. Gentlemen, what time do 
they expect? Isn't six years enough 
time to prepare themselves to 
meet contingencies and the conditions 
which they knew would be coming? 
Isn't four months that have elapsed 
since we have had these meetings be- 
fore the Council at which they brought 
forward publicly for the first time the 
question of taking over this power 
and redistributing it, isn't that time 
enough for 'them to prepare on the 
three main factors, — the duration of 
the lease; the amount to be paid the 
city for wholesale power; rates to be 
charged to the consumer? Those are 
the three factors. Haven't they had 
time to consider them and determine 
them? They will not tell you they 
have not because to doubt that ques- 
tion is to doubt their business capa- 
city. But they, and the gentlemen 
who are supporting their position, 
tell you there is not time enough to 
educate the people on this proposi- 
tion. I say it is impugning the intelli- 
gence and good sense of our citizens 
to say they cannot appreciate fully 
any proposition the companies may 
make, after thirty days of campaign 
which we would have. 

"The time is not opportune from 
the companies' position, or at least 
they think it is not opportune. They 
may think the people need more edu- 
cation than a month's time will give 
them. They may think that condi- 
tions will arise of one kind or' an- 
other that may cause the people to 
Tiave different ideas about these prop- 
ositions. But this city cannot wait 
for a more convenient season for the 
companies, or a more auspicious one 
to carry out their plans. 

"We are told, in discussing this mat- 
ter in committee, that if we will post- 
pone this, and first it was suggested 
that we should postpone it until the 
fall primaries, which would bring it 
in the midst of a heated campaign, 
that if we postoone this an attractive 
proposition will be submitted. At- 
tractive to whom? Now, the views of 
the power companies and the ordinary 
man of this city as to attractiveness 
are as wide apart as the poles. Not 
only that, but you must remember 
that even here in our own city among 
our own people, outside of the power 
companies, there is developing two dis- 
tinct lines of cleavage. On the one 
side we find the big taxpayer who is 
interested in looking upon this as a 
revenue producer to obtain the great- 
est amount for the city treasury so 
there will be fewer issues of bonds. 
To him, necessarily, the question of 
rate to the consumer is of secondary 
importance. On the other hand we 
have the small consumer, the man 
whose taxes may be negligible can- 
not bebut most keenly interested and 
appreciative of the advantages he ex- 
pects to derive from cheap power for 
lighting. These are things we will 
haye^ to consider in order to form an 
opinion of whaj we are to call an at- 
tractive proposition. 

"So far as I am > concerned, after 
talking with the representatives of the 
power companies and knowing what 
their ideas are and the length of time 
they think necessary to have this 
power in order that they may work 
the proposition out with advantage 1 to 
themselves, I have not any hope that 



an attractive proposition will be sub- 
mitted. 

"I want to ask you if you appre- 
ciate what a delay for even a few 
months may mean? You have seen 
by Mr. Scattergood's statement that 
even though we knew today actually 
what the plans would be, even though 
the engineering department could go 
to work and prepare the details 
and specifications for the machinery, 
that we would barely have time to 
have that plant ready to distribute the 
electricity to the citizens or turn it 
over to the companies by the time the 
Aqueduct is ready. The companies 
have everything to gain by delay and 
the city has everything to lose. 

"I did not mean to say and I am 
not saying that Mr. Miller is here to 
ask a delay in this matter for the self- 
ish interest of the company in order 
that the bringing of the electric power 
here may be postponed. I don't ac- 
cuse Mr. Miller of any such thing, but 
I say it is the natural result of post- 
ponement. 

Delay Costly to the City 

"Last year, according to Mr. Com- 
stock's figures, these companies col- 
lected in this city, for lighting alone, 
nearly $2,200,000. That means that a 
delay of six months in approving the 
plans of this city will permit the com- 
panies to collect two million dollars 
more in the way of rates. Every 
month's delay means that the city is 
going to lose that much of earning 
time from its power from this day on. 
Now, what is the plain duty of our 
officials? What is the plain duty of 
those to whom we have committed 
this great task? It is to push forward 
with the greatest diligence and to per- 
fect their plans and to have a dis- 
tributing system ready when the water 
comes tumbling through Francisquito 
Canyon. If there is a delay, if we find 
the aqueduct water here and the 
water power plant not ready, the 
plans not prepared for the distribu- 
tion, I feel sorry for the city official 
who has got to explain to his con- 
stituency. We have had six years to 
prepare for this. There is no excuse 
for us not to be ready with the power 
plant when the water is here. Our 
engineers tell us that if we post- 
pone this we will not be ready. 

"I want you to bear in mind always 
that back of all this discussion and 
back of all the differences of opinion 
between city officials and the citizens 
and the companies, the big question 
is, 'Who shall have the distribution 
in our city here of power and light to 
its inhabitants?' That is the question. 
It is a, rich prize, and the companies 
naturally don't want to give it up, but 
it is written that the city is going to 
bring its power here and is going to 
use it, and sooner or later there is go- 
ing to be municipal distribution, and 
the relations of the companies there- 
to have got to be made. They might 
as well be made now as any other 
time. 

Possibilities o£ a Harbor Railway 

"There is another great municipal 
project to be launched, namely, the 
Harbor Railway. That railway is in- 
tended to be ooerated by Owens 
River power. The ultimate use of 
that railway will wait upon the com- 
pletion of the power plant. The plans 
of this city and of its citizens, to a 
large extent, depend upon and have 
relation to the completion of that 
power plant when the time will come 
that with a publicly owned harbor, 
with a publicly owned railroad from 
the city's walls to the center of this 
city, we will break the railroad mono- 
poly that has hampered our commer- 
cial development so long. 

"This action was not taken with 
any haste. The recommendation with 
reference to taking a straw vote was 
made only after the most earnest con- 
sideration and with the. utmost ap- 
proval of our beloved Mayor, George 
Alexander." 



Mr. Miller's Argument 

Mr. J. B. Miller, president of the 
Southern California Edison Company, 
then presented the power companies' 
side of the question as follows: 

"From the standpoint of the power 
companies, we consider a vote very 
desirable to have, but it should not be 
taken at a time when the companies 
have no proposition to present and 
they are not in a position now to pre- 
sent one, nor to present it to the peo- 
ple so quickly or in such short time 
after the proposition is formulated 
that there is no opportunity for the 
people to understand on what they 
are voting. So far as delaying the 
proposition is concerned, the power 
companies do not desire to do that, 
exr.ept for some sixty or ninety days 
at the utmost. 

"In the public mass meetings that 
were held, Mr. Scattergood made a 
statement that if the city distributed, 
itself, it would cost $6,500,000 to put 
in the installation plant and that 
.where a six cent rate maintained 
there would result to the city, after 
all expenses had been paid, a profit of 
$700,000. Now, I want to have you 
remember that, and bear it in mind be- 
cause I will refer to it again in refer- 
ence to other things. 
No Definite Information Furnished Is 
Companies' Claim 

"Mr. Anderson stated we have had 
six years in which to get ready for 
this thing and we have had four 
months in which to present the prop- 
osition. The six years have elapsed, 
as well as the four months, but the 
power companies to date have not 
been able to secure from the City or 
Aqueduct officials any definite infor- 
mation as to what the city will have 
to sell, where it will sell it, what kind 
of current the city will develop, what 
the per kilowatt hour load will be, 
what the peak load capacity will be, 
what the number of cycles will be. 
They don't go into any details what- 
ever. There is no knowledge as to 
what the voltage will be. We haven't 
had any information. I have talked 
with and telephoned various city offi- 
cials and endeavored to secure inter- 
views, and have asked for the appoint- 
ment of officials, or committees, au- 
thorized to confer with the power 
companies on this subject. As long 
ago as last spring the matter was 
taken up, tentatively, with Mr. Mul- 
holland and Mr. Matthews, and per- 
haps one or two others. The matter 
was also taken up immediately after 
the power bonds were voted. That 
was the first opportunity the com- 
panies had to take it up, and it was 
taken up immediately for the 
purpose of eliciting information. 
We found the city officials re- 
luctant and in fact they refused to 
confer with us. In the mass meet- 
ings the proposition was made for and 
on behalf of the power companies, 
time and again, that we were ready 
and anxious to confer with anybody 
that had the necessary information 
and authority to confer with us and 
act promptly on a proposition. We 
cannot make a proposition right out 
of clear air. We have got to know 
what the city has to sell. So I do not 
think it is quite fair to charge the 
power companies with delay in this 
matter. 

Proposition from the Companies 

"And, now, regarding again Mr. 
Scattergood's statement, — you remem- 
ber that,— $6,500,000 investment, a six 
cent rate, a profit to the city annually 
of $700,000. The power companies feel 
that if that is their opinion or their 
estimate of what, the city is going to 
do, they can make a proposition to 
the city of oaying the city, at a seven 
cent rate, $35 per kilowatt per annum. 
Now, you can figure that out for your- 
selves. If there are 38,000 kilowatts 
in the first two plants in the Franc's- 
auito Canyon, I do not know whether 
there are or not, the resulting profit 
to the city would certainly run into 



six or seven hundred thousand dol- 
lars, and possibly more. I have fig- 
ured it myself as high as eight hun- 
dred thousand dollars. If the rate is 
six cents, we can pay $30 per kilo- 
watt, provided the cycles are the 
same, etc. With the five cent rate, 
we could pay $20 per kilowatt per 
annum. Now, what does that mean? 
It would simply mean that the city 
would obtain under that arrangement 
exactly as much profit as it would if 
it distributed itself and the rate is no 
higher than the city would probably 
charge. The city probably would not 
go below four cents, although it 
might, and the investment, instead of 
being $6,500,000 would only be about 
$3,000,000. Now, that is the proposi- 
tion the power companies would like 
to make to the city officials and have 
the people vote on it, but we have got 
to confer with Mr. Scattergood, or 
whoever has information as to exact- 
ly what the city has to sell, before we 
can say definitely and pledge our com- 
mercial honor to the citizens that if 
they vote for a certain thing we will 
carry out our part of the bargain. In 
the enumeration of what the city had 
done in calling this straw vote and in 
discussing what it is going to do with 
its power, did Mr. Anderson refer to 
any conference with the power com- 
panies at all, or has there ever been 
anywhere any consideration shown to 
the power companies on the part of 
the officials? I think we are a part 
of this town. We feel we are loyal 
citizens and we have had quite a 
part in the development of this sec- 
tion of the country. It might have 
simplified matters if we had the oppor- 
tunity we were seeking to confer with 
city officials on this matter.. 

"Just to show you a little of the 
responsibility that rests on the 
shoulders of the power companies, I 
want to read you a few statistics on 
what they are in the city: 

"The number of employes on the 
pay roll, 2,902; total wages paid dur- 
ing 1910, $2,700,561; number of elec- 
tric consumers, 95,786. (I think that 
is just in the city, that may be in the 
suburbs too) ; number of gas con- 
sumers, 116,279; number of horses, 
192; wagons, 174; automobiles, 32; 
amount paid in taxes and licenses, 
$611,890.04; amount paid local mer- 
chants exclusively for supplies, $3,- 
560,888.05 (that is, local merchants in 
Los Angeles get that much money out 
of the power companies every year); 
number of street arc lights, 6,649 (that 
is all over Southern California) ; in- 
candescent street lights, 9,920. 

"Should the power companies be 
considered? I think if for no other 
reason the financial position which 
they represent in this community 
would entitle them to some consider- 
ation in this matter. 

"Then, there is the standpoint of 
the city. We all know that the city 
is very close to its bonded capacity. 
I think you will all agree with me 
that in the next five years at least, 
there is going to be just as much de- 
mand for money on the part of the 
city as has been spent in the past five 
years. I think we are going to grow 
faster if we can all get together and 
pull together. With a municipal rail- 
road which Mr. Anderson referred to, 
storm drains, school houses, libraries 
and public institutions of all kinds, 
this city is going to need bonds. If 
it can make arrangements with the 
power companies by which the con- 
sumer gets just as low a rate and this 
city makes just as much money and 
the city is spared the investment of 
the amount necessary for a distribut- 
ing system, I think it would be a 
good thing for the city to do, at least 
for awhile." 

A voice: "How long a time con- 
tract?" 

Mr. Miller: "I can't tell you until 
we talk with Mr. Scattergood and find 
out just how much electricity he will 
have to sell. On the aqueduct there 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



liffcrent pilot). How many 
anyone in the room who 

Mr. Scattergood: "It is my opinion 

the annual rcpon which has been 

that that 

. ny power man 

enough (or a 

- kind jus: what they 

could do with three million dollars 

and a half. You know what the city 

it possibly as well as I." 

Mr. Miller: From ihe standpoint 
of the companies, I told you some- 
thing of our large transactions here, 
very large investment here 
uthern California. I think in the 
od of $45,000,000. More 
money than the city contemplates 
putting in both the water and power 
>pmcnt. Those securities are 
scattered all over the United States 
and all over California and to take 
c action on the 6th of March 
it allowing the power com- 
to be heard would be 
unfair, and even if we could 
formulate a proposition in the time 
between now and March 6th, it would 
afford no time to educate the people 
and it would compel us to tell these 
investors and capitalists of the United 
States as a whole that there is no con- 
sideration in Los Angeles for inves- 
tors; that if you are seeking invest- 
ment, go some place else. 

"The attitude of Los Angeles to- 
ward capital is quite an important 
item Southern California is growing 
j rowing faster, almost, than any 
other part of the United States, and 
we have only ten or fifteen per cent 
of the money here necessary to take 
care of the normal growth of public 
utilities. Drastic action on March 6th 
will make a very serious bar to our 
obtaining the necessary outside capi- 
tal. It will practically preclude our 
being able to get more money to bring 
into this section. Of the $45,000,000 
I have just mentioned I can say that 
there are at least fifteen million — Oh, 
ves. T suppose thirty-five million, that 
was brought from east of the Rocky 
Mountains and it has meant a whole 
lot to us to have that money come in 
here and help out our local institu- 
tions. 

"If we cannot make a proposition 
which on investigation and careful 
checking will prove as substantially 
as good as the city can do itself, we 
expect that the city will turn us 
down." 

We are not coming before the city 
with any other kind of a proposition. 
We believe that if we can make this 
proposition of $35 per kilowatt per 
annum, with a seven cent rate, or §30 
per kilowatt per annum with a six 
cent rate, that it is substantially as 
good as the city can do itself, and 
with half the investment. But we 
must go into that and see if we can 
do it and confer with the city officials, 
and that will 'take fully all the time 
from now to March 6th. Even if it 
only took two weeks, it would not be 
enough time to properly present it. 
We desire a postponement of only 
sixty or ninety days for the purpose 
of transacting this business. I un- 
derstand Senator Camenetti intro- 
duced a resolution at Sacramento call- 
ing for a special State election very 
shortly after the adjournment of the 
State Legislature, for the purpose of 
vetoing the special vote on the pro- 
posed constitutional amendment now 
being considered by the Legislature. 
That would be entirely convenient for 
us, and I cannot see that two months 
that might possibly delay this propo- 
sition is nearly so important as to 
have this matter voted upon intelli- 
gently. If you go before the people 
and say 'Shall the city distribute its 
power or lease it?' what is the use of 
holding the election? They will all 
vote to distribute it. We would like 
to be given time to prepare a propo- 
sition and put it before the people and 



then if they vote it down there is 
nothing more to be I 

"Mr made the statement 

that the only parties tli.it would be 
benefitted by a i from the 

companies w,.uld be the big tax payer, 
but that tin 1 not 

take into he non-tax- 

payer, or the taxpayer w 
are negligible. I presume he had in 
mind that under competition the rates 
would be so low that a deficit would 
he created, or instead of earning large, 
handsome profits for the city treasur) 
it would give that profit to the city in 
the way of low rates. That is possi 
bly true but that is putting a premium 
on non-tax-paying. The man who 
will get any good out of that will not 
want to have any taxes or business in 
the city of Los Angeles. I do not 
think we want to build up that kind of 
a community. I think the great ma- 
jority of people in this city have their 
own homes. 

"I want to lay stress once more 
upon that proposition of ours. We 
think we can present a proposition, 
if we are given time to prepare it and 
put it before the people, which will 
be substantially as good as the city 
could do itself, just as low rates to 
the consumer, just as large profits to 
the city treasury and only half the in- 
vestment. If they hold this special 
State election we will be very glad to 
have our proposition by that time, or 
any election which will come, say 
after the first of May." 

Mayor Alexander's Remarks 

Mayor Alexander was called upon 
to make a few remarks and said: 

"In the first place, I want to call 
your attention to the fact that the 
city of Los Angeles is not making war 
on the electric companies. There is 
room for all in Southern California. 
All the electricity the power com- 
panies can furnish and all the power 
the city can get will be needed. Mr. 
Miller knows that, for in a private 
conversation we have talked this thing 
over. 'But,' he says, 'we don't want 
competition.' That is what is the 
matter. That is the whole thing in a 
nutshell. — they don't want competi- 
tion. He tells me the city will have 
the advantage because everyone will 
want to take the city's current in- 
stead of theirs. Now, when you con- 
sider conditions in Pasadena that is 
not very good logic. I understand 
that over there it is about evenly di- 
vided. We want it understood right 
at the beginning that this city is not 
going to make war on any of the elec- 
tric companies. I, for one, would not 
be in favor of making the rates so low 
as to put them out of business or 
cripple them in any way. 

"I just want to make one state- 
ment at this moment, — some may 
think it a little harsh, but nevertheless 
I will make it. Under Amendment 
No. 1 these public utility corporations 
will not contribute any money toward 
the government of the city and you 
want to keep that in mind when you 
are talking about the power com- 
panies' rights. They are not even 
willing to pay their licenses any 
more. So there are two sides to this 
question. 

Sentiment of the People Wanted 

"As far as the city is concerned, the 
people have voted three and a half 
million dollars to erect power plants 
on the Aqueduct and to furnish a dis- 
tributing system and it was under- 
stood when that was voted that the 
city was to distribute that current. 
Mr. Scattergood informs me that as 
soon as we are sure we will have the 
money, he wants to enter into con- 
tracts for machinery and power 
houses, and. of course, if we carry out 
that part of the program, a distribut- 
ing system. Now we want to know 
just as soon as possible if you want 
to distribute what you have, even if 
it be only one unit. It is intended to 
spend about two millions or two mil- 
lions and a quarter of the three mil- 



iialf for machinery, etc., re- 
million and a h 

:cr to put in a 
d'str: (em, and we doi. 

pect for years to come to supply the 
whole city of Los Angeles. We arc 
going to start in witli city lighting. 
How much do . e arc 

paying ea :h month for city lighting, 
that is. jusl the lighting of itn 
1 He: the city l, 

not half lighted. When those men 
put up ornamental lights along the 
streel required to pay si 

eighths of the cost. They shouldnol 
be required to pay one cent of the 
If this thing continues you will 
not be able to do irnamental 

lighting as you have in the past. 

"We are going to put in a municipal 
plant just as we can afford it. It will 
he ten years, fifteen years, maybe 
twenty years before we need the 
whole amount. The people in the out- 
lying districts will have to wait until 
we can get to them. 

"In the meantime, suppose we save 
that $250,000 a year which we are now 
paying out to the power companies 
for city lighting and suppose we use 
that to extend our systems, won't that 
be something? 

"I have nothing against the power 
companies at all, but I am working 
for the city and it is my opinion that 
we require an expression from the 
people on the sixth of March as to 
whether they want Mr. Scattergood, 
the electrical engineer of our city, to 
provide for a distributing system. His 
plan is that we will save enough on 
our city lighting to constantly extend 
the system with very little outlay 
above the original one. 

"I want to tell Mr. Miller, that he 
will be able to sell all the power he 
can generate at a good price, too, and 
we don't for a moment think of con- 
fiscating a dollar's worth of his com- 
pany's property. His stockholders 
are entitled to good returns on their 
investment, and they shall have them, 
as far as I am concerned. But the 
city of Los Angeles also has rights in 
this matter. We have the right to go 
into the electric power business if we 
want to. 

Cheap Power a Commercial Induce- 
ment 

"Mr. Miller speaks about protecting 
capital and bringing business here. If 
we can say to the manufacturers who 
want to come here, 'Gentlemen, the 
city owns an electric plant that will 
furnish you the cheapest electricity 
in the world,' won't that bring busi- 
ness here? Talk about protecting 
capital! That is the way to protect 
it and induce it to come here. Our 
municipal plant will make a rate at 
which the companies can live and at 
which we can live. But they must not 
sav, 'We don't want competition.' 
Competition is all right. 

"We had meetings several months 
ago in the City Hall council chamber. 
T tried to get something definite out 
of the power companies and tried to 
have them make a proposition. At 
the second to the last meeting I said, 
'Gentlemen, I want you to corne pre- 
pared next meeting to submit a prop- 
osition as to what you want to do on 
this lighting- matter.' Did they come 
prepared? No, they had no oroposi- 
tion to make. It is about three or 
four weeks ago that this 'straw vote' 
business was first talked of and they 
have done nothing. It is still over a 
month to the election and I would 
be in favor of putting off the election 
proclamation as long as possible so 
that thev would have time to put a 
proposition on the ballot. They came 
nearer todav to saying wnat they want 
to do than T have ever heard them he- 
fore Tf Mr. Miller had made that 
proposition when we held the meet- 
ings in the council chamber I would 
immediatelv have appointed a com- 
mittee to hold conferences with the 
representatives of the companies. 

"Now. T am in favor of a straw 



11 



vote. As I understand it, it will 

merely tell Mr - 

pie do, or do not, want to arrange for 

tributing system and the lighting 
of the city of I 
the present rates, if the 

rly lighted, it would cost h 
million dollars a year. Anyone ' 
there are not half lights enough, but 
when you come to pay Qui thi 
four, or five hundred thousand 
lars a year and the 
big water power standing idle, the 
people will want to know what ki 
a city government we have. I'i 
of Li is going to distribute 

its power as far as it can go. We will 
not make war on tin powei com- 

and We don't want to in!. 
with their business They m 
ahead and make contracts and u 
protect them with a reasonable rate. 
As long as I am there I will see that 
that is done, so far as lies in my 
power. 

"I am here working for the tax- 
payers, — the small fellows who need 
help. The big fellows generally own 
property to a large extent and can 
help themselves, hut it is the little 
fellow I want to help. There are 
thousands of people who don't own 
their homes who are interested in the 
lighting business. Everyone who 
rents a house has to pay the lighting 
bill. Those are the fellows who are 
hard-up. You gentlemen who have 
annual dividends and clip coupons off 
your bonds don't need help nearly so 
much as the others, and, gentlemen, 
there are lots of poor people in the 
city of Los Angeles. Mr. Miller talks 
about the people in their employ. We 
are not going to have them dis- 
charged. We want them to live and 
let live. 

"Therefore, my advice is, vote for 
the straw ballot." 

Meyer Lissner Opposes Straw Vote 

Meyer Lissner, president of the 
Los Angeles Board of Public Utili- 
ties, requested the privilege of saying 
a few words upon the subject under 
discussion in order that the reasons 
for his previously declared opposition 
to the straw vote might be known. 

Mr. Lissner said: 

"I happened to go into the Council 
Chamber of the City Hall the other 
day wdiile I was waiting for a meet- 
ing of the Board of Public Utilities 
to be held upstairs. This matter hap- 
pened to be before the Council and 
someone suggested that I was pres- 
ent and might have some ideas upon 
the subject. I was called upon to 
speak, which I did. I spoke in oppo- 
sition to this straw vote because I 
am opposed to it at this time. I will 
make to you gentlemen practically the 
same talk I made to the City Council 
on the subject, with such suggestions 
as have come to me from listening to 
the speakers here today. 

"In the first place, under the Char- 
ter of the city of Los Angeles, no part 
of the hydro-electric power that is to 
be generated by the city can be 
alienated in any way except upon a 
two-thirds vote of the citizens of 
Los Angeles. When the citizens of 
Los Angeles adopted that charter 
amendment, by an overwhelming ma- 
jority, they then and there and at 
that time, in my opinion, gave their 
definite instruction to the city offi- 
cials that they should not, without 
consulting them (the people) attempt 
to alienate any part of that power. 
That was the first 'straw vote.' Then 
again we recently voted for bonds 
for this aqueduct power development 
and it was provided in the ordinance 
calling for the election that the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of those bonds 
should be used not alone for the de- 
velopment of power, but for the dis- 
tribution of it. That was another 
'straw vote'; something very much 
more than a straw vote. In fact it 
was another positive instruction to 



12 

the city officials to proceed to dis- 
tribute to the citizens of Los Angeles 
the Dower that will be generated. 

"Now, I say that the city officials 
have been instructed not once, but 
twice in regard to this matter. And 
that too in a perfectly legal and bind- 
ing manner. This straw vote would 
not be a legal vote at all. It would 
be merely advisory and would not be 
binding. I have just come from 
Sacramento where they were discuss- 
ing 'legal' and 'moral' obligations in 
connection with another matter, and 
I don't like to hear such questions 
unnecessarily raised. Let us not take 
any straw votes unless there is a 
positive necessity for it, and in this 
case I think there is no necessity. I 
say it is 'the bounden duty of the offi- 
cials of the city of Los Angeles to 
proced with the plan for the develop- 
ment of this power and for the dis- 
tribution of it, and not ask any ques- 
tions about it. 

"Now it is a fact, gentlemen, that 
for months past, — and if I am mis- 
taken in this Mr. Scattergood is here 
and can correct me — in the office of 
the Power Bureau of the Aqueduct 
they have been working on plans, and 
making estimates not alone for the 
development of this power, but for 
its distribution, They have been do- 
ing it and at the present time are 
still doing it and will continue to do 
just what it is understood ihey will 
do jf we have this straw vote. It is 
their duty to 'continue to do so. What 
do they invest when they make those 
plans? They invest money in pen 
and ink, paper and engineering 
brain s._ That is all. They can't spend 
any big money until we get the 
money. This talk of making con- 
tracts in the near future is ridiculous. 
We all know no contracts can be 
made until we have the money to 
spend for the purpose, and we won't 
have it for a number of months. In 
the first place, we cannot offer those 
bonds for sale until we get a Su- 
preme Court decision as to their 
validity, the question now being un- 
der consideration before that tribunal. 
In the second place, we cannot make 
any contracts until we have sold the 
bonds voted for this special purpose 
and have the money on hand, and 
you all know that it will be at least 
six months before we can expect to 
have a Supreme Court decision and 
go through the necessary formalities 
and negotiations in selling the bonds. 
Mp- Still Proceed With Plans 

"In the meantime, what is the duty 
of the Power Bureau? I say it is 
their duty to proceed with their plans 
not alone for the development of this 
power but for its distribution, and to 
make detailed "lans and specifications. 
And this they have been and are do- 
ing and it is costing only a few thous- 
and dollars, — a mere bagatelle com- 
pared with the amounts they will 
spend when they really get started 
spending money for physical prop- 
erty. 

Salient Features 

"Now, there are three propositions, 
—there is the proposition of develop- 
ing either one or two units of the 
power and a proposition of distribu- 
tion in this city, and they can ask for 
bids on all three of those proposi- 
tions and get everything ready so 
that at a moment's notice, when we 
get the money, thev can let the con- 
tracts for as much of -the work 
planned as it is considered advisable 
at the time. 

"Tn the meantime, what advantage 
at all is it to tie ourselves up body 
and soul so that if a proposition 
should come along. — a really favor- 
able nroposition — the citizens of Los 
Angeles could not consider it, and 
the Council would not be in a posi- 
tion where they could, without se- 
vere criticism and stultification, sub- 
mit it to the citizens. Suppose the 
power companies make a proposition 
to the neonle, which they will un- 
doubtedly do, and the proposition 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



would look something like this, ac- 
cording to what Mr. Miller has said 
today and according to information I 
have had from aqueduct officials. 

"Mr. Miller says, they are willing 
to pay $25 per annum per horse 
power and give a five cent base rate 
per kilowatt hour, which is the low- 
est rate existing anywhere in the 
world that I know of outside of Pasa- 
dena. I am satisfied, from my talk 
with the aqueduct officials, that if we 
were to sell this power to the power 
companies at $25.00 per annual horse 
power there would be a profit to Los 
Angeles of several hundred thousand 
dollars per annum net, and that with- 
out the expense of putting in a dis- 
tributing system, building up a busi- 
ness and losing time and money 
while the business is being developed 
— I don't say that would be a good 
proposition to the city, but I say it 
would be such an attractive proposi- 
tion that the Council would be justi- 
fied and in duty bound to submit it 
to the citizens, and that Council ought 
not to foreclose the matter at this 
time so that they cannot submit what 
might seem to be a very attractive 
proposition. 

"What will be the result if this 
straw vote is taken? We all know. 
Every man in this room, who voted 
on it at all, would vote against leas- 
ing any part of that power. In the 
way the proposition will be put up 
to the citizens it will be considered 
an unfavorable one. I say that it is 
a reflection on the intelligence of the 
citizens of Los Angeles to submit 
that proposition to them in the form 
proposed. Everybody knows when 
you put this question to them, 'Will 
you lease any part of that power or 
will you distribute it yourselves?' they 
will say 'Distribute it ourselves, of 
course/ They are not going to vote 
for leasing as an abstraction. And 
the result 'would practically preclude 
the submission to the people of a 
proposition on which there might be 
a reasonable difference of opinion. 
I believe that even then the people 
would vote for municipal distribution 
of the power; but they are entitled 
to have an opportunity of voting on 
an attractive proposition and the 
Councilmen, in my opinion, should 
not foreclose the matter by asking 
for this 'straw vote' at this time, be- 
cause then they might be in a posi- 
tion where they would like to submit 
a proposition and could not do so 
because they were morally bound by 
the straw vote they had themselves 
asked for. We hold the trump card 
right now, the companies have got to 
come to us. Why throw away the 
trump ? 

Companies Should Haye Fair Treat- 
ment "^- 

"I am not making any argument 
based on an appeal to prejudice, and 
I am not afraid to stand up here, 
stand up in the City Council Cham- 
ber, or stand up before the people 6f 
Los Angeles and plead for a square 
deal for the power companies- or for 
corporate capital in this city. These 
companies came here and invested 
their money in good faith. They 
have six or seven million dollars, I 
believe, invested in distributing lines 
in this city. If the city of Los An- 
geles comes right in and commences 
distribution it will, to a very large ex- 
tent, confiscate — and it cannot pos-' 
sibly have any other result— the capi- 
tal invested in distributing lines of 
those ■companies. Do we want to do 
that? I do not know: maybe we do. 
Possibly if a pronosition is submitted 
to the people of Los Angeles they 
■will say, 'No matter what proposition 
the companies make to us we will 
nevertheless enter into the distribut- 
ing business.' But, I say, let us hold 
ourselves open so we can listen to a 
nroposition. We have cot them in 
the door, gentlemen. They cannot 
afford to have their plants, valued at 
millions of dollars, confiscated, and 
they must come to us with a proposi- 



tion extremely advantageous to the 
city, and when they do come let us 
at least be in a position to be able 
to consider that advantageous prop- 
osition. 

"I am not afraid of the necessity 
of a special election. Suppose we 
don't hold this straw vote on March 
6th. Suppose we let it go over until 
May even if there is no constitutional 
amentment election. We can hold a 
special election in May for less than 
$10,000. It has been done before. 
About how much do you think that 
would cost every citizen of Los An- 
geles? It would cost every man, wo- 
man and child in the city three cents 
and I guess they could all afford that. 
Then the Council would be in a po- 
sition to say to the companies: 'Un- 
less you make us a proposition that 
looks exceedingly favorable we won't 
submit it at all.' And if the com- 
panies did submit a proposition that 
the Council thought worth while 
they could refer it to the people, and 
if not the Power Bureau could go 
right along with its plans as it is in 
fact doing anyhow. They have not 
lost a minute, and they are not los- 
ing a minute. They are making 
plans now, not alone for development 
but for distribution of power. 
City Power for Railway and Street 
Lighting 

"Now, in regard to the harbor 
railway proposition: Of course we 
want that harbor railway and we 
want to run it by municipal electric- 
ity. If we develop this power and 
sell it wholesale, we don't have to 
sell all of it. We can turn a certain 
amount of it over to the harbor rail- 
way. That goes without question. As 
much of that power as is necessary 
to operate the harbor railway should 
be reserved and 'Under no considera- 
tion should there be alienation of it. 
Perhaps we ought to take the same 
stand with regard to our municipal 
lighting, that under no consideration 
will^ we have it done by the com- 
panies. We might want to. reserve 
enough power for that also, but when 
it comes to distributing electricity to 
the small consumer, there might be 
a_ question of its advisability for the 
time being. 

"I have been making some investi- 
gation in this matter in the . last 
twenty-four hours ' and have talked 
with some of the leading people con- 
nected with the Aqueduct. If I were 
to tell you what they say you would 
be surprised to hear the positiveness 
of their expressions.. They consider 
it extremely ill-advised to take a 
straw vote at this time and thus tie 
their hands so that they cannot talk 
to the power people or negotiate 
with them at all. 

Must Go Slowly on Bond Issues 

"In regard to the bonds of the city: 
I asked the City Auditor to give me 
a_ memorandum, and he says that the 
city has outstanding bonds at the 
present time amounting to $21,516,200 
Aqueduct bonds unissued.. 7.788,400 

Harbor bonds 3,000,000 

Power bonds 3,500,000 

Total $35,804,600 

The present assessed valuation of the 

city is $333,000,000 - 

Limit of indebtedness, 15 

per cent, about 50,000,000 

"That is, we can, under our pres- 
ent limit of indebtedness, issue only 
$50,000,000 _ in bonds altogether. I 
have been_ in favor of raising the 15 
per cent limit. I do not think there 
should be any limit, imposed at all. 
I_ had this up with the Charter Re- 
vision Committee but could not pre- 
vail on them to raise the limit or re- 
move it. and it is there. Our charter 
limit of indebtedness will be 15 per 
cent of the present assessed valua- 
tion. Amendment No. 1 will reduce 
our assessed valuation in the city of 
Los Angeles sixty million dollars on 
account of the elimination from as- 
sessment by the city of the operative 



property and franchises of utility 
corporations. Under the conditions 
our debt limit will be 

about $41,000,000 

Our present! indebtedness 

is 35,800,000 

with a $41,000,000 limit. The estima- 
ted prospective indebtedness is as 
follows: 

Promised San Pedro $7,000,000 

Extra power development.. 4,000,000 

Power distribution 6,000,000 

Water distribution and res- 
ervoirs 1,000,000 

Municipal railroad 1,000,000 

New city hall . . 1,000,000 



Total $20,000,000 

Add these figures to the $35,800,000 
and you have $55,800,000, or about 
$15,000,000 more than our limit of in- 
debtedness at present will admit. 
And there may be more com- 
ing _ that cannot be avoided. I 
am just showing you those figures to 
prove to you that it behooves us to 
be careful before we issue more bonds 
unnecessarily and that we had better 
go slow with our indebtedness,. so as 
to have as much margin as possible. 

"My whole proposition is this: that 
at the present time it is not alone in- 
advisable, but it is unfair, to submit 
this abstract proposition to the citi- 
zens of Los Angeles; that the result 
is a foregone conclusion; that the 
city officials have nothing to do ex- 
cept go ahead with the development 
and completion of these plans for 
generation and distribution, just as 
they have been doing; and when 
they have a concrete proposition to 
submit to the people that they think 
while, let them submit it; and if no 
such proposition is made go right 
ahead with the distributing system. 
It is wholly up to the companies. 
They must come to us." 

Councilman Andrews Speaks 

Mr. Andrews said: 

"I think the time is opportune for 
just a few remarks. I am extremely 
surprised at the logic of the last 
speaker." (Mr. Lissner.) "He has 
gone on the point that on two occa- 
sions you have absolutely made it 
obligatory on the City Council to fol- 
low the very proposition that he. ex- 
pects you to follow in the straw vote. 
By what reasoning, then, if it is abso- 
lutely obligatory on you and you have 
been instructed by the people in this 
matter, can you say any harm will, be 
accomplished by the straw vote? 
What harm can the straw vote ac- 
complish? Absolutely nothing. Now, 
if there is no advantage gained — I 
have heard the gentleman in the Coun- 
cil chamber say that if it would be 
properly submitted it would be a ten. 
to one vote— what harm can be done 
if, as he proves by his own argu- 
ments, it is that way already? Then 
is absolutely no logic in that. 

"He has talked to you with refer- 
ence to the possibility of bond issues, 
but I have not time to take that up in 
seriatim, but it is simply to show you 
this, if there is any condition like 
what he has. prognosticated, that you 
are bound in the same line for the 
next three generations. You can't get 
out from under. 

"This straw vote cos'ts you noth- 
ing. If the companies want to' make 
a' proposition, why don't they do it? 
The Mayor tried to pul'l them out and 
took action to induce 1 them to in the 
Council chamber meetings. It is my 
opinion that you could not pull 
proposition out of them with a six 
mule team. They don't want to giv< 
you one. They are sparring for timi 
absolutely. Sparring for time, an 
finally the time will be so short tha 
there will be no alternative but to le 
them distribute it. 

"Mr. Lissner says that we foreclos 
our chances. There is no foreclosuri 
about this. It- is a straw vote. I 
will show what the people want, an 
then if they do have a proposition i 
can be submitted- at any time. 



n - 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



THE MAYOR'S MESSAGE 



MUNICIPAL CONSERVATION 



Coed Work of First Year's Adminis- 
tration Commended — Important 
Legislation Suggested. 



Mayor Alexander submitted to the 
City Council, on Tuesday, his annual 
report which proved to be a document 
cial interest. The Mayor gives 
-pace to a resume of the work 
accomplished during the past year, but 
is the major portion of the mes- 
sage to a consideration of the city's 
requirements and suggestions for 
needed legislation. 

After congratulating the Couinil 
on its successful and economical ad- 
ministration of the past year, the re- 
port sets forth the financial condi- 
tion of the city and states that "in all 
probability, the general fund as pro- 
vided by the budget committee will 
be more than sufficient to last through 
the fiscal year. In a city growing as 
fast as Los Angeles is growing, this is 
a most remarkable showing. 

"All the departments of the city 
are doing splendidly," says the May- 
or. "The street department and the 
engineer's department are over- 
crowded with work and probably will 
continue to be so as long as the city 
keeps up its present rapid growth. 

'One of the difficulties that the 
street department has to contend with 
is the failure of the railway companies 
to promptly pave and repair the por- 
tions of the streets which, under their 
franchises, are to be paved and re- 
paired by them. Some instances have 
occurred where the railway company 
has not completed its portion of the 
paving for a year after the rest of the 
street was paved. The matter has 
.become a serious nuisance, and it is 
necessary for the Board of Public 
Works to adopt drastic measures. If 
the railways will not live up to the 
provisions of their franchises, those 
franchises should be forfeited. . . . 
Amendment No. 1 a Pernicious Law 

"Unfortunately, the people voted 
for and carried at the November elec- 
tion, Senate Constitutional Amend- 
ment No. 1. The proposer of this 
amendment claimed that it would sep- 
arate state from local taxation. In 
reality, it merely separated certain 
public and quasi-public utility corpor- 
ations from the burden of taxation for 
city or county and other local pur- 
poses, without entirely separating the 
people from the burden of state taxa- 
tion. . . . It is estimated that this 
amendment will add a million dollars 
a year to the taxes of the people of 
this county. , . 

"The worst feature, however, so 
far as trie city is 'concerned, is the re- 
duction of the bond limit. The as- 
sessed value of corporate property 
taken from the assessment rolls for 
city purposes .by said amendment is 
about $60,000,000, which reduces the 
bond limit by 15% of that sum, or 
$9,000,000. Of course, this condition 
will be'partially relieved and the bond 
limit extended by the natural increase 
in property values as the years go by. 

"It has been suggested that there 
may be some flaws in the passage of 
Amendment No. 1, and I believe it 
would be wise for your honorable 
body to instruct the City Attorney to 
consider whether or not it is possible 
to defeat this amendment in the 



s; and also, perhaps, to consider 
whether or not the property owned 
by the city itself can be estimated for 
the purpose of fixing the amount of 
bonds which the city can issue. The 
city has more than forty million dol- 
lars worth of property. Almost all of 
this is or will be income-producing 
property. This income-producing 
quality undoubtedly makes the bonds 
of the city much more desirable to 
the investor, and it should be good 
reason for increasing our bond limit." 

The message here refers to the an- 
nexation of San Pedro and Wilming- 
ton and gives an account of what has 
been done for that part of the city. 

Regarding the Harbor and Aque- 
duct bonds the report says: 

"On February 26, 1910, $3,000,000 of 
bonds were voted for harbor improve- 
ments Some legal questions as to 
the validity of these and of the aque- 
duct power bonds have been raised 
and a suit commenced to settle those 
questions. Until those bond moneys 
can be obtained, of course, the greater 
part of the harbor work cannot be 
done. Every month's delay is a di- 
rect and a severe loss. 

"I would, therefore, respectfully 
recommend that your honorable body 
pass a resolution requesting the Su- 
preme Court to advance this case for 
consideration at the very earliest pos- 
sible moment." 

Harbor Development 

The message closes with recom- 
mendations for improvements to the 
harbor as follows: 

"As soon as the bond moneys can 
be obtained, our endeavor should be 
to develop the harbor along . prac- 
tical lines. As it appears to me the 
first work to be done is that upon the 
Huntington Fill; and I strongly urge 
that at the very earliest possible mo- 
ment slips, wharves and municipal 
warehouses be constructed thereon; 
that in the meantime the municipal 
wharf at Wilmington should _ be 
rushed to completion and municipal 
warehouses established there. But 
these improvements will be of com- 
paratively small benefit until there is 
a very material reduction in the cost 
of transportation between the harbor 
and the city; and the practical way 
to obtain this reduction is the building 
of a municipal railway. , This railway 
should form a belt around the harbor, 
both at Wilmington and San Pedro, 
with trunk lines connecting with the 
main portion of Los Angeles. The lo- 
cation of the railway should first be 
determined, and rights of way should 
be secured immediately. It has been 
suggested that money for the _ pur- 
pose of building a municipal railway 
may be secured from the various 
transcontinental railroads that desire 
terminal facilities here and at the har- 
bor. Your finance committee is suc- 
ceeding in accumulating a much 
larger reserve fund than will be need- 
ed to tide the city over the coming 
'dry months,' and, as a last resort, a 
portion of this fund might be avail- 
able for municipal railway purposes. 

"Adequate first protection must be 
provided for the harbor and the man- 
ufacturing and warehouse districts 
which undoubtedly will be established 
there. To this end a reservoir site at 
least 600 feet high should be acquired 
on the Palos Verdes Hills near San 
Pedro. By the time the Owens River 
water reaches us these reservoirs 
should be ready for use. Thus the 
harbor section will be supplied with 
plenty of water for domestic and other 
purposes, and will be protected from 
fire by a high pressure gravity water 
system." 



President 1'oulke, of the National 

Municipal League, Advances 

an Idea. 



Excerpt from the address, "Conser- 
vation in Municipalities," delivered 
before the recent Buffalo convention 
Of the National Municipal League by 
the new president of the League, Wil- 
liam Dudley h'oulke. 



There is a phase of the conservation 
question which lies at our own doors 
and of which we may hope to realize 
the benefits more speedily than from 
preserving our distant national do- 
main, and this is the conservation of 
our municipal resources. Here, too, 
we have been wasteful to the last de- 
gree. 

Every city, every township, every 
county in America is the possessor of 
property of great value. The streets, 
the roads, the parks and many of the 
public buildings, if they were in the 
possession of private individuals, could 
be made to produce an enormous in- 
come, and while no one will say that 
they should be made productive to 
the same extent, or in the same way, 
in the hands of the government, yet 
they ought to be made far more pro- 
ductive than they ever have been, and 
their economical management in the 
future, in spite of all the waste in the 
past, can still result in a substantial 
reduction of our municipal burdens. 

Not long ago my wife confronted 
me with the startling proposition that 
if properly managed, a city need not 
levy taxes; nay, more, that if it had 
been always managed as it should be, 
it ought to pay dividends to its citi- 
zens. It struck me at first that this 
was a will o' the wisp well adapted 
to the pursuit of the feminine mind, 
and I dismissed it But she pro- 
ceeded to argue the question and the 
further the argument proceedd the 
more reasonable the proposition be- 
came. 

If our own little city of Richmond, 
Ind., were not built, my wife argued, 
the land on which it stood might be 
worth $100 to $150 an acre for farm 
purposes. Virtually the whole pres- 
ent value of the land is conferred by 
the city, and if the city merely col- 
lected rent or interest upon the value 
' it conferred, it could collect more 
than our entire taxes and would give 
a considerable dividend, not only to 
land owners, but to those citizens who 
owned no land. 

All a city needs to do, if it starts out 
right, is to assess a proper proportion 
upon the unearned increment of the 
land it occupies. Now, what is this 
unearned increment? 

If I own a cheap lot in a remote 
suburb and do nothing with it, but the 
city expands in that direction and 
folks build all around me, this adds to 
its value many times. I have done 
nothing myself to make it worth any 
more, but the folks who have built 
around me have done it. Yet I get 
the increased value which I have not 
earned, and the city whose growth 
gave the value gets nothing except a 
trifling tax from year to year. 

The city ought to have that increase 
and make me pay rent upon it instead 
of taxing other things which I myself 
earn. In other words, if the city taxes 
what the city gives at its proper value, 
there need be no taxes imposed on 
what it does not give— upon the 
product of industry — buildings, im- 
provements and personal property. 
This is an application to municipali- 
ties of the single tax theory of Henry 
George. 

I have ascertained that a .city ac- 
tually exists in this country where 
there are no taxes, and where all the 



charges for necessary expenses are 
met in this manner. This is the city 
of Fair Hope, on Mobile Bay. It was 
established by some immigrants from 
Iowa and, after a decade and a half, 
this city is reported to be prospering. 
There arc free schools, a water sys- 
tem without rates, a public dock, a 
free library and a telephone system 
with no charges, all established out 
of the ground rent after paying the 
State and county taxes and the cost 
of administration and improvements. 

In general, a city without taxation 
st only where the municipality 
owns a considerable portion of its 
land and takes advantage of increased 
values. The city must be "caught 
to make such a result possible. 
Our American cities have not been 
caught young enough for that, but is 
there nothing we can do to approxi- 
mate such a consummation? If we 
cannot eliminate taxes, can we not 
lessen them by the profitable invest- 
ment and management of what the 
city yet owns or may acquire? 

It owns its streets and these, under 
proper management, ought to be con- 
stantly increasing sources of revenue. 
The right to use these streets for 
telegraph, telephone, heating and light- 
ing services, for water mains, for 
street railway tracks; in short, for 
any profitable purpose, ought to be 
carefully guarded and the utmost pos- 
sible benefits obtained by franchise 
from any individual or corporation 
utilizing them. 

In the past, we have always been 
so eager to get the new system, what- 
ever it might be, that we granted 
franchises with little regard to the 
future growth in the value of our 
streets. This must now cease. 

There is just as much earned in- 
crement in a system of street railway 
tracks, of water mains or gas pipes as 
these is in a city lot. Each year the 
value increases with the growth of 
the community, the increase of pat- 
rons and the establishment of new 
connections. 

The franchise which ties up for a 
long period this use of the streets for 
a fixed amount is pretty certain to be 
one from which the city in the lapse 
of years is bound to lose. 

The term of a franchise ought to be 
graduated so as to increase with the 
increasing value of the thing granted. 
The immediate result may seem un- 
important, but it will not be long be- 
fore the city begins to enjoy the prov- 
idence which thus insures the partici- 
pation of the public in the increased 
values that the municipality itself con- 
fers. 

If we cannot catch our cities young, 
let us catch them before they grow 
any older than they are. Many of 
the most important franchises are still 
to be granted and should be guarded 
in accordance with the best models of 
our own country and of cities abroad, 
where they do these things much bet- 
ter than we do in America. 



MIDDLE WEST LOSING 

It is to be observed that the East- 
ern States are generally growing more 
rapidly than those of the Middle 
West. Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Mis- 
souri and Kansas all show a lower 
percentage of gain than Illinois, 
while Iowa shows an actual loss. Not 
only New York but also . Massachu- 
setts, Connecticut and Rhode Island 
show a greater percentage of increase 
than Illinois. If. on the other hand, 
we turn to the Far West, we find a 
very high rate of growth, the increase 
in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Port- 
land, Seattle and other centers being 
phenomenal. The conclusion is, 
therefore, that the Nation's growth in 
population is greatest in the Coast 
States, both east and west, a circum- 
stance which suggests reflections upon 
the part which facilities for commerce 
play in the development and growth 
of States. — New York Tribune. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




Maxine Elliott in a Pretty Role 
"The Inferior Sex" is an inconse- 
quent little farce comedy which would 
be very flat but for the charm and 
beauty of Maxine Elliott in the chief 
role. Given as favorable a measure- 
ment as possible, it is only two-thirds 
of a play, beginning late in the eve- 
ning and ending early, with two acts 
built out of almost nothing, and a 
third out of almost less. 

The action all takes place on a 
yacht, at sea, and as solid land does 
not figure in it at all, except in casual 
references in the past and future 
tenses, the instability of the plot and 
the airy character of the dialogue 
may be pardoned, or even declared 
essential to the plan and effect. 
At any rate, Miss Elliott holds at- 




Bonita, Orpheum Next Week 

tention very prettily throughout the 
"Firefly's" unique voyage, and proves 
a stunning yachtswoman as well as a 
man-tamer of much finesse. Her task, 
in the role of Eve Addison, who has 
been rescued from a small boat at sea 
by the yacht of a certain woman-hat- 
ing Englishman, by name Charles 
Winslow, is to convince this selfish 
lout of his mistaken view of the rela- 
tionship of the sexes, and of the hap- 
piness he is missing through his per- 
verted belief; and you cannot blame 
the fellow for being completely con- 
fused and reversed by the time his 
uninvited passenger is through with 
him. Certainly, no man could be 
blamed for surrendering to this par- 
ticular Eve. 

In appearance Miss Elliott is 
younger and slenderer than on former 
visits to us and in her present role 
she gives an effect of warmth and 
girlishness that transforms her calm 
and statuesque type of beauty into an 
intimate prettiness that is as charm- 
ing as it is surprising. 

The comedy is an English affair, 
and both of the principal male parts— 
the yacht owner and his "man," Ben- 
nett— ^are assumed by Englishmen, so 
that the native atmosphere of the play 
is quite well preserved. The former 
is adequately played by Frederick 
Kerr, and the impersonation of Ben- 
nett by O. B. Clarence is particularly 
good. The cast is unusual in that it 
includes a real live Japanese actor, 



written down as T. Tamamoto, whose 
fate it is (and a rather distasteful 
situation it must be for a whole- 
souled Japanese) to characterize a 
Chinese cook. 

L. B. 



Road Show Scores 

Alice Lloyd, she of the abreviated 
bathing suit and long talent, is back 
at the Orpheum, "Splash 'Me" song 
and all, yes, even more. She comes 
back with all of the old time art and 
vim which proves her right to the 
first place on such a bill as is pre- 
sented by the Road Show. She brings 
all of her old time song hits and has 
several new ones and she also intro- 
duces the audience to the latest thing 
in cupids and hobble gown costumes. 

It is Miss Lloyd's absolute enjoy- 
ment of her work that makes her ap- 
preciated to the utmost, and in fact 
she is the kind of woman that has the 
power to get hold of her audience 
and keep them wanting for more. She 
is a capital entertainer. Her dancing 
is not much, her voice is nothing com- 
pared with some less artistic people 
who have fallen by the wayside in an 
effort to attain prominence in some 
of the side street houses; she is 
good looking, but there are lots of 
good looking girls on the stage who 
do not get one-fifth the salary said 
to be drawn by Miss Lloyd. It is the 
art she puts into her work, the sparkle 
of her eye, the rare taste she has in 
choosing her costume and the fresh- 
ness of her sDngs that makes her a 
star in vaudeville. 

If all the sailors looked like Miss 
Lloyd does when she dances, clad in 
her white sailor suit, it would not be 
hard to tell why "a sailor has a girl 
in every port." 

Lew Sully, of minstrel fame, is a 
suitable companion on the bill with 
Miss Lloyd. He knows just how to 
act as interlocutor in a minstrel show, 
and in his turn he uses the orchestra 
as "end men" to put over some of his 
best work. In his burlesque of Miss 
Lloyd he appears in costumes that are 
half the battle in convulsing the audi- 
ence and he wins manj' encores. 

In "What Every Woman Wants," a 
play by Madge Clover and Luella 
Conley, Miss Lillian Burkhart has a 
vehicle for herself and a good com- 
pany and wins much applause and 
many bouquets of rare flowers from 
her many friends here. As the sketch 
is of local origin and Miss Burkhart 
makes her home in this city, it natur- 
ally would be well received, but the 
play and its presentation are really 
meritorious and deserve much. Of 
course what every woman wants more 
than money, more than anything else, 
is love, and the skit is so written as 
to bring out this fact in a most force- 
ful and striking manner. 

Miss Burkhart plays the part of a 
servant girl, who has been deserted by 
her husband. She is mourning the 
fact that she is poor, that she has to 
support her child in an institution 
and cannot have silks and diamonds 
like the mistress of the house. It is 
then she learns that her employer, to 
whom she looks as her ideal, is con- 
templating leaving her husband and 
home for a supposed lover. In realiz- 
ing the tragedy which seemingly must 
follow this escapade she forgets her 
place, tells her mistress the story of 
her life and urges her not to forget 
her home. At this time the servant 
girl's husband, who is the villain's 
secretary, comes to urge the "lady" 
to make haste in preparing for the 
elopement, recognizes his wife, and in 



a strong scene which follows all 
come to realize that it is home and 
children and love that counts most 
for all and that it is what not only 
women but everybody wants. 

ErnestScharff, a musician of great 
versatility, plays on almost every in- 
strument in a little skit entitled "In 
the Music Store" and rounds out nice- 
ly the new bill. 

The holdovers are Mae Melville 
and Robert Higgins, entertainers of 
merit; Howard, the Scotch ventrilo- 
quist; Charles and Henry Rigoletto 
and La Pia, a dainty dancer. 

J. L. B. 



"The Nigger" 

"The Nigger,", by Edward Sheldon, 
which has been acclaimed the great- 
est suocess of the New Theatre's sea- 
son in New York, has reopened the 
Auditorium this week, with Miss 
Florence Roberts heading the cast, 
supported by Thurlow Bergen. Based, 
as its name suggests, upon the ques- 
tion of color as it exists in the South 
today, it is a powerful, closely-knit, 
and, if the pun is pardonable, highly- 
colored play, but withal an unpleas- 
ant play. In his latest work, as in 
"Salvation Nell," Mr. Sheldon calls 
spades spades and calls niggers nig- 
gers, and this astounding bluntness, 
together with a dramatic technique 
quite as fearless in its employment of 
the most melodramatic phases of 
Southern life, is sufficient reason for 
the stir it has created. Then there is 
a strong appeal to the sympathy in 
the story of the promising young gov- 
ernor whose life is cursed in the 
midst of his career by the discovery 
that his grandmother was a negress. 



The plucky young chap's final decision 
to resign his office, renounce the girl 
he loves, and devote his energies to 
the uplift of "the other niggers," is 
reached through a thoroughly human 
and understandable process during 
which the audience suffers, rebels, 
reasons, becomes resigned, and con- 
secrates itself to the general good, 
with the hero. It is a conclusion pain- 
ful to the matinee girl but satisfying 
to the idealist when the governor 
steps out upon the balcony of 'his of- 
fice at the capitol to announce to the 
people and the troops who have been 
summoned to quell a negro riot that he 
has negro blood in his veins. 

The grewsome suggestions of a 
lynching which ends the first act with 
a flare of horror are balanced by the 
charming love scene which opens the 
play's action, but thereafter it is dis- 
tinctly a visualization of human trag- 
edy, of hopes crushed through the 
"visiting the sins of the fathers upon 
the children." Everybody is disap- 
pointed, even the villain, who ruins 
the hero's worldly career but does not 
save his own distillery business 
through the anti-prohibition bill which 
was the price of his silence concern- 
ing the hero's ancestry. 

As the governor, Mr. Bergen did 
not vie with Miss Roberts for honors, 
he simply walked away with them in 
a manner that left no room for doubt 
as far as they two were concerned. 
In reality, he gave no better account 
of himself than did George Barbier in 
the strongly contrasted role of Clifton 
Noyes, the distillery president. Mr. 
Barbier was a Southern gentleman to 
the life, and enlivened many of the 
gloomy scenes with a touch of ironic 



FOX 



99 



jyfOROSCO'S BURBANK THEATER Main street 

Los Angeles' Leading Stock Company Near Sixth 

FOURTH WEEK BEGINS SUNDAY MATINEE FEB. 5, 
Lee Arthur's delightful comedy drama. JfT 
See it before it is taken East. H 

The most costly production ever given in E 

Los Angeles. Full of laughs from beginning to end. 
Nights 25, 50, 75c. Matinees Saturday and Sunday 10, 25, 50c. 
Next Week— "IS MATRIMONY A FAILURE." 

l-JAMBURGER'S MAJESTIC THEATER Broadway 
Los Angeles' Leading Playhouse. Oliver Morosco, Mgr. Near Ninth 
Week Beginning Feb. 5 — Sunday Night 
Lew Field's Colossal, Spectacular "TL« IV /K J~,'^Uf Q^^,o" 
Musical Comedy 1 he Midnight DOTiS 

250 People on the Stage 

With GEORGE W. MONROE. 

Prices 50c to $2.00. Matinees Wednesday and Saturday, 50c to $1.50. 

Next Attraction— "THE CHOCOLATE SOLDIER" 



^IMPSON AUDITORIUM 

TUESDAY NIGHT, FEB. 7, SATURDAY MAT., 
SEASON'S GREATEST PIANIST 



L. E. BEHYMER 
Manager 

FEB. 11 



JOSEF HOFMANN 

Fifth Event Philharmonic Course 
Prices 50c, 75c, $1.00, $1.50 and $2.00. Seat sale at Bartlett's 



L. E. BEHYMER 
Manager 



AUDITORIUM 
Theatre Beautiful 

FRIDAY AFTERNOON, FEB. 10, 3 O'CLOCK SHARP 

L. A. Symphony OrcHestra 

Harley Hamilton, Director 

Arnold Krauss, Violin Soloist 

Prices 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50. Seat Sale at Bartlett's 



HDDUnlM TUTATDf VAUDEV HE Sprint St., Bel. 2d & 3d Mat. Eyerr Day Botn Phoiei 

unrncum incHinc ]4 4 7 m«ii. ioc, 25c, soc. num, ioc, 25c, soc, 75c 


Beginning Monday 


Matinee, Feb. 6, 1911 


Alice Lloyd 


Lew Sully 


England's Famous Comedienne 


"Words & Music" 


Bonita and Lew Hearn 


Chas. B. Lawlor & Co. 


"The Real Girl" 


"Sidewalks of New York." 


Hanlon Bros. 


Elise, Wulff & Waldorf 


"Just-Phor-Phun" 


"After the Football Game" 


Lillian Burkhart & Co. 


Ernest Scharff 


"What Every Woman Wants" 


"in n Music Shop" 


ORPHEUM MOTION PICTURES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ithcr 

ic young 

outhcrn girl. To be polite, she is ill- 

■ play the part, which is entire- 

• out of her line. 

D. R. L. 



COMING ATTRACTIONS 

"The Fox" has broken all records 
at the Burbank theatre in the last 
year by starting on its fourth week at 
..itinee Sunday. The Morosco 
is not in l'avor of lengthy runs 
public demand in ad- 
vance, as there .ire so many new plays 
on hand at the Uurbauk, awaiting pro- 
duction, that a long run is often more 
of an embarrassment than otherwise. 
The demand for "The Fox" however, 
has been so unmistakable, that a 
fourth week has been decided upon, 
but this will be the last appearance of 
the wily animal before he is caged 
and shipped back east for the delecta- 
tion of New York and Chicago, with 
A. Uvron Beasley to create the lovable 
part of Peter Delaney there as he has 
here. The entire Burbank production 
will be shipped intact, excepting for 
the other actors. 

"The Fox" has won commendation 
4rom all sides for a variety of excel- 
lencies. It has a remarkably clever 
plot, dovetailed with master crafts- 
manship. It has several unique char- 
acters. Not least, it has been 
mounted in a manner that reminds 
one of J. Pierpont Morgan's private 
train. 

Following the fourth week of "The 
the Burbank theatre will be the 
scene of the first performance by any 
stock company of Leo Dietrichstein's 
brilliant comedy, "Is Matrimony a 
Failure?" The company has been re- 
hearsing on this piece for three weeks, 
and is ready for a performance at a 
moment's notice. Forty people ap- 
pear in the cast. The comedy ran an 
entire season at the Republic Theatre, 
Hew York. 



The Majestic Theatre announces 
for its attraction for one week begin- 
ning Sunday night, Feb. 5th, Lew 
Fields' musical production, "The Mid- 
night Sons," with George W. Mon- 
roe and a hundred others. "The Mid- 
night Sons" comes to the Pacific 
Coast with the endorsement of nearly 
a year's engagement at the Broadway 
Theatre, New York. "The Midnight 
Sons" contains a great variety of in- 
viting features. It consists of farce, 
novelty vaudeville, pantomine, comic 
opera, ballet, and in addition is a big 
scenic production. The two acts con- 
sist of eight scenes. Two or three 
of these scenic surprises have be- 
-come famous, notably the setting rep- 
resenting the interior of a complete 
theatre with its orchestra, tiers of 
boxes, balcony, gallery, and a real 
audience of over 300 people. Another 
effective scene represents the observa- 
tion end of a swiftly moving Pullman 
train. 

Mr. Lew Fields is sending to the 
Pacific Coast an extra big company 
with this attraction. In addition to 
George W. Monroe, who made the 
pronounced hit of the performance 
during the engagement of the play on 
Broadway, many of the original cast 
will be seen here, including George 
Schiller, Alma Youlin, and many 
others. Many of the songs have be- 
come long ago familiar to lovers of 
popular music throughout the coun- 
try. "The Billiken Man," "The Cyni- 
cal Owl," "Rings on My Fingers," 
have been sung and whistled on the 
Coast for over a year. 



In addition to Alice Lloyd and Lew 
Sully, who remain ia supremacy at 
the Orpheum and Lillian Burkhart 
and Ernest Scharff, both of whom 
have made individual hits, come four 
new acts th.-.-c make up a programme 
for next week. 

Of the/newcomers, interest centers 
in Bonita, who with Lew Heme will 



present a musical skit, "The Real 

Bonita was brought into fame 

when she was voted the most popular 

girl in the thcat: it the 

rs' Fund fair. Then 

tarred in "Wine, Women and 

Song." She has a good share of phy- 

pulchritudc. Lew Heme i 
funny foil for Bonita, and the two in 
this miniature musical comedy should 
be popular. 

Charles H. Lawlor, I by 

Mabel and Alice, his daughters, with 

a skit called "Night and Day on the 

Sidewalks of New York" will present 

r act. 



The original Hanlons arc at it again. 
They have : much of their 

former material, into "Just-Phor- 

I'hun," and in 

ability and their funny ways are 

brought to the fore in tabloid. 

r, \\ ulff & Waldorf come here- 
from Germany to offer a new gymnas- 
nrn, 1 licit own in an 

ordinary street in Berlin, with a kiosk 
kept by Elise. Two football players 
return from the game, and all meet 
here. Then the skillful work begins, 
and it continues to the climax. 

The new pictures will be in keeping 
with the rest of the bill. 




^Ivsie 




Alessandro Bonci, now 'considered 
one of the greatest tenors in America, 
has just finished a tour of the eastern 
states in concert and will be heard in 
this city on February 28. 



The fourth concert of the Los An- 
geles Symphony series will take place 
at the Auditorium next Friday after- 
noon, February 10, at 3 o'clock. Con- 
ductor Hamilton is particularly anx- 
ious to make this afternoon the best 
of the series this year. Chapleigh's 
Symphonic Poem, "Mirage," has been 
chosen as one of the numbers, and 
Cherubini's Overture to Anacreon 
will receive its initial presentation. 
The soloist is the concert-master of 
the symphony, Mr. Arnold Krauss, 
who will play Brahms' concerto for 
the violin with orchestral accompani- 
ment. Mr. Krauss has lately secured 
a splendid old Stradivarious of par- 
ticularly mellow tone and will use it 
for the first time in public with the 
symphony. 

Miss Edna Darch, a singer of Los 
Angeles, who as a student under Thilo 
Becker and other local teachers sev- 
eral years ago created a favorable im- 
pression, will be heard at Simpson 
Auditorium Thursday, February 16. 



For a number of months the work 
of Penelope Duncan and the lectures 
of Raymond Duncan, the exponents 
of Hellenic art, literature and music, 
have received the endorsement, criti- 
cism and scientific research of the 
learned of America, and the interest 
shown in the work abroad has been 
repeated among the 'colleges and clubs 
of this country. Raymond Duncan 
has already revolutionized dancing 
and brought back to life the ancient 
Hellenic ideal of that art; he is now 
striving to make a like change with 
music. The program to be given at 



the Auditorium on Wednesday even- 
ing, February 14, will be folk song of 
England, Ireland, China and Greece, 
the Hellenic sacred hymns and Chinese 
dramatic music by Penelope Duncan, 
with an introductory lecture on his 
discovery of the laws of folk music 
and the relation of music to nature 
by Raymond Duncan. 

Josef Hoffmann, pianist, will be 
heard in two recitals, in Simpson Au- 
ditorium, on Tuesday night, February 
7, and Saturday afternoon, February 
11. Following is the program for Sat- 
urday, that for Tuesday having been 
given in these columns last week: 

I 
(a) Sonate, G Minor, op. 22 (as fast 
as possible, Andantino, Scherzo, 
Rondo); (b) Vogel als Prophet; 
(c) Traumswirren; (d) Carne- 
val (Schumann). 
II 
(a) Polonaise A Major, op. 40, No. 1; 
(b) Polonaise, C Minor, op. 40, 
No. 2; (c) Impromptu, A flat 
major, op. 29; (d) Mazurka, B 
Minor, op. 33, No. 4; (e) 
Scherzo, E. Major, op. 54 
(Chopin). 

Ill 
(a) Consolation D flat major; (b) 
Etude D flat major; (c) Leg- 
ende, A Major; (d) Polonaise, 
E Major (Liszt). 



The February program of the Ebell 
Club shows an intersting musical 
"vent for Monday, February 13th. On 
that date the club will hear the Euter- 
pean Male Quartette with Mr. J. B. 
Dupuy as first tenor and director. 

The Music Department work will 
he carried on the second and fourth 
Wednesday with Bruce Gordon Kings- 
ley as instructor. Dr. Kingsley will 
begin the lecture recitals on Wagner's 
music drama "Die Gotterdammerung." 



Jester's Bells 



Wise Son 

"And are you mama's boys or 
papa's boys?" 

"The courts haven't decided as yet, 
madam. We're in litigation."— Wash- 
ington Herald. 



broken off your engagement to that 
girl who lives in the suburbs?" 

Griggs — "Yes; they raised the com- 
mutation rates on me and I have 
transferred to a town girl." — Life. 



The Unkindest Cut 

Father (to his son, a doctor) — "If 
this isn't the limit! I pay all that 
money for vou to study medicine, and 
the first thing you do is to cut me 
off my drink." — Fliegende Blaetter. 



Case for the Interstate Commerce 
Commission 

Briggs — "Is it true that you have 



Warning the Colonel 

A raw recruit from a remote cor- 
ner of the Green Isle was engaged 
for the first time in a field maneuver 
on out-post duty. The sergeant in- 
structed him to look out carefully for 
the colonel coming to inspect the 
post. 

After an hour he returned and 
asked the soldier, "Has the colonel 
been here?" 



15- 

Receiving an answer in the nega- 
tive, he went away, returning later 
on with the same inquiry, 

A while later the colonel appeared. 
The recruit did not salute properly, 
which incensed the colonel, who, as 
a hint, asked him: 

"Do you know whom 1 am?" 

"Faith, and I do not," answered the 
recruit. 

"1 am the colonel." 

"Begorra, you will catch it then," 
says the soldier. "The sergeant has 
.inking twice for yez already." — 
Tit- Bits. 



His Point of View 
poet led his friend, the politi- 
cian, to the top of New York's tallest 
tower to admire the view. The man 
of polities seemed stunned for a mo- 
ment by the beauty of the far-flung 
panorama. Then he spoke in a low, 
i .nd voice: 
"Gee! what a lot of Assembly Dis- 
tricts you can see from here." 



Maybe the Printer Knew 
"My pigmy counterpart," the poet 
wrote 
Of his dear child, the darling of his 
heart; 
Then longed to clutch the stupid 
printer's throat 
That set it up, "My pig, my counter- 
part." 

— Harper's Weekly 



And in the Meanwhile 

Lady — "Can't you find work?" 
Tramp — "Y'essum; but every one 
wants a reference from my last em- 
ployer." 

Lady — "And can't you get one?" 
Tramp — "No, mum. Yer see, he's 
been dead twenty-eight years." — Lon- 
don Punch. 

In Resemblance 

"Did the man whose auto was in 
collision last night give it a cursory 
examination?" 

"It sounded that way, sir." — Balti- 
more American. 



After a Big Haul 

"Binks used to be daft on the sub- 
ject of buried treasure. What's he up 
to now?" 

"He's got up" an expedition to Asia 
Minor to try to find the place where 
Methuselah stored his birthday pres- 
ents." — Toledo Blade. 



A well-dressed man entered a flor- 
ist's shop, threw down a sovereign, 
and said he wanted some flowers to 
take home. He was very unsteady, 
and had evidently been looking on 
the wine when it was red. The 
flowers apparently were intended as 
a domestic peace-offering. The florist 
picked out a dozen chrysanthemums, 
and the customer started to leave. At 
the door he hesitated. "I say," he 
said, thickly, "watsh these flowers 
called?" "Chrysanthemums." The 
customer shook his head. "Got to 
have something easier than that," 
he said. "Gimme a dozen pinks." — 
Truth. 



The latest French novel is the prod- 
uct of a dressmaker. While the au- 
thor is undoubtedly well equipped for 
successfully carrying the thread of 
the narrative, it is to be feared that 
she will be inclined to look at life 
from the seamy side. Critics say it 
is only so-so. — Nashville Southern 
Lumbenran. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, 
Scien. e. Studios and Halls for all 
purpojes for rent. Largest studio 
building in the West. For terms 
and all information apply to 
F. W. BLANCHARD 
233 S, Broadway. 232 S. Hill SI. In Angeles. Cal. 



16 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Suburban Home 

FOR SALE 

MUST BE SEEN TO BE APPRECIATED 




HOUSE — 38x56 on ground, six large rooms on ground floor, also bath, 
screen porch, and cement porch 8x38; two large bedrooms, bath room, 
and sleeping porch large enough for two full-size beds on upper floor. 
Built last year. Also a good-sized garage. 

GROUNDS — 215x248 feet, comprising one-half of an oval block, over 
600 feet of frontage on oiled street with curb and sidewalk all in; 7500 
square feet of lawn; twenty full-bearing walnut trees; forty to fifty trees 
in family orchard, mostly citrus; grape vines, roses, flowers and palms 
planted during past year. 

LOCATION— In beautiful Eagle Rock Valley; 30 minutes from post- 
office, on Eagle Rock Valley car line; half hourly car service. Situated 
on high ground, over-looking valley and new Occidental College site. 
Three hundred feet from and facing Colorado Avenue, the new foothill 
highway from Pasadena, through Glendale and Hollywood to the ocean. 

PRICE— $8000; terms to suit, to responsible party. 

Inquire, 

A. M. DUNN, 311 319 E. 4th St. 



DIRECTORY 



= £) Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. (T" 



APARTMENTS 
THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

CUTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

ARISTO ENGRAVING CO., 
Citizens National Bank Bldg., 3rd 
and Main Sts. 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437-43 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

FURNITURE REPAIR WORKS 

UPHOLSTERING & REPAIRING, 
Phones: Home 24387; Bdwy. 4382 



PIANOS AND ORGANS 
GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., dickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

PURITAS DISTILLED WATER 

LOS ANGELES ICE & COLD 
STORAGE CO. Phones Home 
10053; Sunset Main 8191. 

REAL ESTATE 
MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High C!as! Investments. 

STUDIOS TO RENT 

B LAN CHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broad way; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AND MOVING 

BEKIN3, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 



Pacific Outlook 
La Follette's Weekly 



$1.60 



Per 
Year 




NEXT TIME YOU GO EAST TAKE 
ONE OF THESE TRAINS 

LOS ANGELES LIMITED — A palatial train of de luxe 
electric lighted drawing room and compartment sleepers, 
dining car and observation-library buffet car. Three days 
Los Angeles to Chicago via Salt Lake Route, Union Pacific 
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Also through sleeper to Denver in two days. Leaves 
daily at 10:30 a. m. 

AMERICAN EXPRESS — A new limited train of sleeping 
cars, leaving Los Angeles daily at 2:00 p. m. for Chicago, 
Denver and Kansas City. Has dining car to Salt Lake City. 

Tickets and Information at 601 So. Spring St., Los Angeles 




J^\ Los Angeles Pacific Company 

^Electric Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 

TO SAN i a MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 
along the ocean. A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced 
Guide with each car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los Jtngeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTIONS: An Ocean Voyage on Wheels— The 
Excursion Cars running a mile into the Ocean on Long Wharf at Port 
Los Angeles, the longest pleasure and fishing wharf in the world. At 
Santa Monica, free admission to the Camera Obscura, an exclusive at- 
traction for Balloon Route Excursionists only. FREE ADMISSION 
to the $20,000 Aquarium; and a FREE RIDE ON THE L. A. THOMP- 
SON SCENIC RAILWAY, the longest in the world, at Venice. (Sun- 
days excepted during July, Auerust and September.) 

Last car leaves Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS 
ANGELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



_, - The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

/Wf LiOWe derful of them all in diversity and beauty of its 

scenery and scope and variety of its views. _ Two 

^~™ ^^^^^^~~ hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 



Sunset Main 1566 



Home F-1853 



Largest and Most Up-to-date Printing Es- 
tablishment in the Southwest 
II EAST FOURTH STREET LOS ANGE.'-ES 



PACIFIC ObT! 







Vol. X. Mo. 7 



Los Jtngeles, California, February II, 1911 



5 Cents— $1.00 a Year 



Where Are They Going to Get the Money? 
IT IS EXHILERATING TO BE TOLD that within the next 

* five years the Union ami Southern Pacific companies are to 
double-track their railroads all the way from Omaha to San 
Francisco at an expense of S75.0CO.OOO, but where arc they going 

. I the money to do it with? Here is where. This year those 

roads salted, in the bonds of the San Francisco Terminal Com- 
pany, S15.C0.000 of surplus after interest and dividends were 
paid and five times fifteen is seventy-five. But are the people 
going to furnish the mom | md above fair interest and 

profits on the investment and then suffer those companies to 
capitalize the donation and make it a lien upon the industry of 
the country for half a century, to be donated a second time in 
fifty years of interest and a third in the repayment of the prin- 
cipal when the bonds fall due? This needs to be looked into. 
The prairie schooner would prove cheaper in the long run. 

Who Pulled Lodge Through? 
pOLONEL ROOSEVELT DID WHAT HE COULD but it 
^ was Murray Crane, that subtile shadow upon whom the 
mantle of sly Tom Piatt seems to have fallen, who got busy just 
at the crucial moment and pulled Lodge through when he must 
otherwise have gotten stuck in the hole. What a squealing 
there would have been if he hadn't ! A pig fast in a fence would 
have been to it as a harmonica to a caliope. Up to then those 
two men, Lodge and Crane, had hardly been on speaking terms 
but since then it has been "Cabot old boy," and "Murray dar- 
ling," every time they meet. Once more is Massachusetts one 
and inseparable ! 

What Of It? 
IT IS FAIRLY EVIDENT that at least two of the four su- 

* preme justices of California could not have read the papers 
filed in the Ruef rehearing case by amicus curae Metson and 
Attorney General Webb before proceeding to decide in favor ot 
Ruef, but what of that? Is it to be supposed that these gentle- 
men so little know their own minds as to rtquire to be advised 

• as to how to make them up? 

A More Fitting Penalty 
IT IS IMPOSSIBLE that anything could have been printed by 
*■ the Appeal to Reason that could justify sentencing its editor 
to a year in jail and the payment of a fine, but, the constitutional 
bar to the infliction of cruel and unusual punishments aside 
President Taft might appropriately have required of him that 
he spend twenty-four hours in cold storage with the alternative 
of freezing to death or keeping warm by rereading his own hot 
stuff. Ever after, if he survived the ordeal, his roarings would 
be those of the suckinsr dove. 

What W511 Become of Ruef? 

LJERE IS A GUESSING CONTEST worth while. That he 
** will be granted a new trial with a prompt acquital for want 
of a Gallagher to serve as missing link. That the indictments 
against the big ones will all be dismissed after which no matter 
what becomes of Ruef. That if the indictments are not dis- 
missed Ruef will follow the footsteps of Haas under superficial 
suicidal circumstances admitting of a reasonable doubt, but ren- 
dering it perfectly certain that Ruef can't squeal. That what- 
ever else does happen Ruef will not spend fourteen years, less 
credits for good behavior, in San Quentin prison. To be pasted 
in the human hat for future reference. 

Must Not Be Unprotected 

THAT THE PANAMA CANAL must not be left unprotected 
*■ no person outside an asylum, and not deserving to be inside, 
will deny. The question before the nation is as to which will 
afford the better protection, a guaranty of all the nations that 
no nation shall touch it or a warning from this nation to all 
nations to touch it if they dare? When the jingo shall have 
done with his vociferation it is not impossible that the plain 
citizen may lift his voice on behalf of a guaranteed neutrality af 



affording the highest measure of protection for the canal that 
human ingenuity can de\ ise, 

They Snickered 
"CPEAKING AS A PROGRESSIVE and a reformer," 
launched forth tjii itorical Nate Coghlan in the Assembly 

last week, but it is to he presumed that the sentence was nevei 
finished or. if it was, that nobody heard it for everybody snick- 
ered. Honor to Wolfe and Wright of the old guard in that they 
at least have not pretended to be other than they have been 
obedient servants of the old "organization" and identified with 
the ignominies it stood for. Neither of them has yet spoken as 
a progressive and a reformer, for which thanks. 

Dentist to the Poor 
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A PLACE where you can serve 
*"* God and man to splendid advantage without glory or honor 
or thought of self? If so, and you are young, man or woman 
learn the profession of a dentist and go right down into the 
slums and go to work on the mouths of those who are too poor 
to have dental work done up town. Let those pay who can 
what they can pay, but do all you can whether they pay or not. 
You will be attacking disease in its citadel, will ac